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DIPLOMA COURSE

IN

ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING

SEMESTER SYSTEM

(DRAFT COPY)

PREPARED AT

Curriculum Development Centre, Kalamassery

By The Staff of the Technical Education Department

2

EVALUATION

Branch: ELECTRICAL

First Year (Semesters I & II Combined)

Periods Per Week Evaluation (Marks)

CODE SUBJECT Theory Practical Total Theory Practical Internal Total

THEORY:

GE 101 English 4 ----- 4 100 ---- 25 125

GE 102 Technical 6 ----- 6 100 ---- 25 125

Mathematics

Applied Science

GE 103A Physics 3 ---- 3 50 ---- 12.5 62.5

GE 103B Chemistry 3 ----- 3 50 ---- 12.5 62.5

GE 104 Engineering 1 3 4 100 ----- 50 150

Graphics

GE 105 Computer 2 1 3 100 ---- 25 125

Fundamentals &

ProgramminginC

Engg-1

PRACTICAL:

GE 107 Applied

Science Lab ----- 2 2 ---- 50 25 75

Physics

Chemistry

EE 108 Workshop

Practice ----- 6 6 ---- 100 50 150

3

SUBJECT CODE : GE 101

PERIODS / WEEK : 4

PERIODS / YEAR : 128

SEMESTERS)

TIME SCHEDULE

The dream and the message 10

Give us a role model 10

II a) Lessons – From Ignited minds

Visionary teachers and scientists 15

Introducing speech sounds

Consonants, Vowels, Syllables,

Stress etc.

Tense, Nouns, Verbs, Articles,

Active voice and Passive voice

Prepositions, Adverbs, Auxiliaries,

Direct and Indirect Speech

Formation of Questions & Question tags 29

Learning from Saints & Seers 15

Patriotism Beyond Politics and Religion 15

To My Country Men 5

Epilogue 5

V a) Composition

Essay writing

Comprehension

Precis writing

Note making

Application for Jobs

Preparation of bio – data 24

=====

4

AIM :

The special needs of the technical students in English language require a curriculum

that enables them to handle the language as an effective tool for communication. An

integration of the four – fold language abilities namely listening, speaking, reading and

writing aims at developing the ability to correctly and effectively use the language for

specific technical requirements. Thus the teaching of English language to Technical

students will definitely help them for their performance in their professional needs.

OBJECTIVES :

1. Comprehension

1.2 Express the main ideas in a summary

1.3 Organise logically the piece of information provided.

1.4 Comprehend written English available in the prescribed text.

2. Vocabulary

2.2 Relate the correct meaning to the terms used

2.3 Extend the vocabulary

2.4 Use a thesaurus

2.5 Study the arrangement of words in sentences

2.6 Identify the structural functions of words in sentences.

3. Grammar

3.2 Nouns, Verbs, Articles

3.3 Identify sentence types

3.4 Analyse the different types of sentences

3.5 Study the ways of negation

3.6 Convert direct speech into Indirect speech

3.7 Realise active and Passive Voice constructions.

5

4. Composition

4.2 Preparation of Application for Jobs and Bio – data

5. Spoken Communication

5.2 Simulate model conversations

5.3 Converse within the peer group

5.4 Conduct seminars on topics learned in the text.

5.5 Conduct model Interviews

5.6 Arrange group discussions on General topics

6. Pronunciation

6.2 Consonants, Vowels, Syllables, Stress etc.

6.3 Find out pronunciation of words from dictionary

6.4 Transcribe words and short passages in broad phonemic script

6

ST UDY MATERI AL S

Chapters : The Dream and the message, Give us a role model, Visionary teachers

and scientists. Learning from Saints and seers, Patriotism beyond politics and

religion, To my country men, Epilogue.

2. Essential English Grammar by Raymond Murphy Published by Cambridge

University Press.

3. Intermediate English Grammar by Raymond Murphy published by Cambridge

University Press.

4. Phonetics – A Text Book of English Phonetics for Indian Students by T.

Balasubramaniam Published by Macmillan India (P) Ltd.

5. Composition – A Text Book of Two way Communication Techniques by Prof.

P.P. John Published by Publication Division, University of Calicut.

6. English Pronouncing dictionary by Daniel Jones Publishesd by Cambridge

University Press.

TOTAL MARKS : 100

DURATION : 3 HOURS

I Short answer questions 7 Numbers Answer any 5 (5X2) 10 marks

II Paragraph questions 7 Numbers Answer any 4 (4X5) 20 marks

III Essay questions 3 Numbers Answer any 1 (1X10) 10 marks

IV Grammar 30 marks

V Phonetics 10 marks

VI Composition 20 marks

7

SUBJECT CODE : GE 102

PERIODS/WEEK : 6

PERIODS/YEAR : 6 x 32 = 192

TIME SCHEDULE

I 1.1 Matrices 8

1.2 Determinants 6

1.3 Binomial Series 6

1.4 Trigonometric Functions 8

Tutorials 4

(1 pd/week)

Test on Topics 1.1 to 1.4 3

2.2 Properties of triangles 6

2.3 Solutions of a triangle 7

2.4 Co-ordinate Geometry 8

Tutorials 4

(1 pd/week)

Test on Topics 2.1 to 2.4 3

3.2 Methods of Differentiation – I 10

3.3 Methods of Differentiation – II 10

Tutorials 4

(1 pd/week)

Test on Topics 3.1 to 3.3 3

4.2 Maxima and minima 8

4.3 Indefinite Integral 10

Tutorials 4

(1 pd/week)

Test on Topics 4.1 to 4.3 3

5.2 Definite Integral 6

5.3 Application of integration 8

5.4 Differential Equations 8

Tutorials 4

(1 pd/week)

Test on Topics 5.1 to 5.4 3

Revision 10

Model test and feed back 7

---------

192

8

OBJECTIVES

UNIT – I

1.1 Matrices

1.1.0 Understand operations on matrices such as addition, subtraction, transpose,

adjoint, inverse and multiplication

1.1.1 Define a matrix

1.1.2 Identify the type of a given matrix

(Square, Unit, Singular etc)

1.1.3 Perform operations of addition and multiplication of a given matrix

1.1.4 Define – transpose, adjoint and inverse of a matrix

1.1.5 Find the inverse of 2 x 2 and 3 x 3 matrices

1.1.6 Solve linear equations by using the inverse of the coefficient matrix

1.2 Determinants

1.2.0 Solve simultaneous linear equations using determinants

1.2.1 Evaluate determinants of second and third order

1.2.3 Find the minors and cofactors of the elements in a determinant

1.2.4 Solve simultaneous linear equations in 3 unknowns using Cramer’s rule.

1.2.5 Elimination of three linear equations in to unkowns.

1.3.0 Understand the binomial theorem for positive integers

1.3.1 State the meaning of nCr

1.3.2 Derive formula for nCr and the proof of nCr = nCn-r

1.3.3 State the Binomial theorem for positive integers

1.3.4 Find a given term in a binomial expansion

1.4.0 Understand the concept of trigonometric functions of any angle

1.4.1 Define trigonometric functions

1.4.2 Describe signs of trigonometric functions in each quadrant

1.4.3 Find other functions, given a trigonometric function and its quadrant

1.4.4 Find the trigonometric values of the angle between 0˚ and 360˚.

1.4.5 Find the value of trigonometric functions by using tables.

UNIT – II

multiple

and submultiple, sum and product formulae

2.1.1 State the identities for sin (A± B), cos (A± B), tan (A ±B).

2.1.2 Solve the problems of the types

(1) Prove that Cos A - Sin A = tan (45˚ -A)

Cos A + Sin A

2.1.3 Prove the formulas for Sin 2A, Cos 2A, tan 2A, Sin 3A and Cos 3A

9

2.1.4 State the identities for SinA, CosA, tanA in terms of A/2.

2.1.5 Solve the problems of the type: if Sin A = 0.6 and A is acute, find sin 2A

and cos A/2

2.1.6 Express sum or difference of two sines or two cosines as a product and

vice versa.

2.1.7 Apply sum and product formulae to do the problems of the type

(1) Sin A + Sin 3A+ Sin 5A = tan 3A

Cos A+Cos 3A+ Cos 5A

(2) Sin 10˚ Sin 50˚ Sin 70˚ = 1/8

2.2.0 Understand the properties of triangles

2.2.1 State and prove the following identities

1) a = b = c = 2R

Sin A Sin B Sin C

2) a² = b²+c²-2bc cos A

3) a = b Cos C + c Cos B

2.2.2 State and prove

1) Napier’s formula

tan ( B-C ) = b-c cot (A/2)

2 b+c

2

2.3 Solution of triangles

2.3.0 Solve a triangle given necessary data

2.3.1 Solve a triangle, given

1) Three sides

2) Two sides and the included angle by using Napier’s formula.

2.4.0 Understand various forms of the equation of a straight line

2.4.1 Define slope of a straight line

2.4.2 Find the slope of a line joining two points (xı,yı) and (x2,y2)

2.4.3 Derive the equation of a straight line of the form

1) y = mx + c

2) y-yı = m(x-xı)

3) y-yı = x-xı

yı-y2 xı-x2

4) x + y = 1

a b

2.4.4 Find the equation of a line given suitable data using any of the above form.

2.4.5 Find the slope and intercepts on the axes, given a linear equation in ‘x’ and ‘y’.

2.4.6 Find the point of intersection of two lines whose equations are given

2.4.7 Find the angle between two lines

2.4.8 Find the condition for two lines are

1) Parallel

2) Perpendicular

2.4.9 Find the equation of the line

1) Parallel and

2) Perpendicular to a given line and passing through a given point.

10

UNIT – III

3.1.0 Understand the concepts of functions and limits

3.1.1 Give example for functions

3.1.2 Explain the meaning of limit of the following type

1) f(x) =l

x -> a

2) limit 1/x = 0

x ->α

3.1.3 Find the limit of the following type

1) limit 2x + 1

x->1 3x - 2

2) limit 2x² + 3x

x-> α 5x² + 4x + 1

3) limit x² – 3x

x->3 x² - 9

3.1.4 verify the following results

1) limit xn – an = n a n-¹, when n is rational

x->a x – a

2) limit Sin = 1, is in radian

ø ->0 ø

3.1.5 Solve problems of the type

1) Limit √x - √a

x->a x - a

2) limit Sin mø

ø->0 ø

3.1.6 Describe the general definition of continuous functions

3.2.1 Define the derivative of a function y = f(x) as limit ∆y

∆x->0 ∆x

3.2.2 Show the geometrical concept of derivatives

3.2.3 Find the derivatives of xn, Sinx, and Cosx from first principles

3.2.4 State the rules of differentiation

1) Sum or difference

2) Product

3) Quotient

3.2.5 Find derivatives of ex and log n. State all the fundamental formulae

3.2.6 Apply the rules and differentiate simple functions of the type

1) x² sec x

2) tan x

x² + 1

3) x Cosec x

3x – 2

11

3.3.0 Apply different methods of differentiation

3.3.1 Find the derivatives if the functions of the form

[f(x)]n, Sin f(x), Cos f(x), with respect to x.

3.3.2 Find the derivatives of

eSinx, log sinx, (x²+1)10 Sec5x, Sin 2x, Cot5 (x³), log (sec x + tan x)

1+cos2x

3.3.3 Find the derivative of the implicit functions of the form

ax² + 2hxy + by² = 0

3.3.4 Differentiate parametric functions of the type

x = f(x), y = g(t)

3.3.5 Find the second derivative of the functions

y = x , y = x² sinx

x-2

3.3.6 Solve the problem of the type

If y = x2 cos x, show that

x² d²y – 4x dy + (x²+6) y = 0

dx² dx

UNIT – IV

4.1.0 Apply the theories of differentiation in different problems

4.1.1 State geometrical meaning of derivatives

4.1.2 Find the slope of the curve

y = x² - 3x + 2 at (3,2)

y = tan x at x = π/3

4.1.3 Find the equation of the tangent and normal to the semi circle

y = √25-x² at (4,3) on it

4.1.4 Solve problems of the type: The radius of a circular plate is increasing in length

at 0.1 cm per second. What is the rate at which the area is increasing when the

radius is 12 cm.

4.1.5 Solve problems of the type: A spherical balloon is inflated with air such that its

volume increases at the rate 5.c.c per second. Find the rate at which its curved

surface is increasing when its radius is 7 cm.

4.1.6 Solve problems of the type: The displacement ‘S’ in time ‘t’ is given by S =

2/3t+ Cost at t = π/4; find the velocity and acceleration

4.2.0 Apply the concept of derivative to find maxima and minima

4.2.1 State the conditions for a function

y = f(x) to be (1) increasing (2) decreasing

4.2.2 State the conditions for maximum and minimum values of a function

4.2.3 Solve the problem of the type:

1) Find the maximum and minimum values of y = x³ – 18 x² + 96 x

2) Prove that a rectangular of fixed perimeter has its maximum area when it

becomes a square.

12

4.3.0 Apply various methods of integration

4.3.1 Explain that f(x)dx = f(x) + c means d [f(x)+c) = f(x), c being an arbitrary

constant

dx

4.3.2 State the standard formulas of integral xn, sinx, cos x, ex, etc

1) (u + v) dx = udu + vdx

2) kudx = k udx

4.3.4 Evaluate the integrals of the form

1) f(ax+b) dx

2) sin²x dx

4.3.5 Evaluate the integrals of the form

1) x sin (x²) dx

2) 2x4 dx

1+x10

3) cos³x sin x dx

4) ex² x dx

UNIT – V

1) x cos x dx

2) x² e-x dx

3) x log x dx

4) log x dx

5.2.1 Define the definite integral

b

a

1

1) x (1-x) ² dx

0

13

π

2) sin²x dx

0

3) x √1+x² dx

0

π

4) 1-Sinx dx

0 x+Cosx

π/2

5) x cosx dx

0

5.3.0 Apply the concept of definite integral to solve problems of the following

5.3.1 Find the area bounded by a curve, two ordinates (abscissa) and x – axis (y axis)

5.3.2 Find Volume of a solid of revolution about x or y axis

5.4.0 Solve simple differential equations of first order

5.4.1 Solve the differential equation of the variable separable type

5.4.2 Solve the differential equation of the form dy/dx + Py = Q where P and Q are

simple functions of x

CONTENT DETAILS

UNIT – I

1.1 Matrices

Matrix notation, order of a matrix, and type of matrices: - Square matrix, unit matrix, Zero

matrix, and Singular matrix. Transpose of a matrix, symmetric and skew-symmetric

matrices, sum and product of matrices, Adjoint of a matrix, inverse of a matrix (definition

only) and problems.

1.2 Determinants

Determinants of second and third order matrices, minors and cofactors, Cramer’s rule,

solution of simultaneous linear equations in three unknowns by Cramer’s rule. Elimination of

three linear equations in two unknowns.

Idea of nCr, Value of nCr (no derivation). Binomial theorem for positive integers (no proof),

finding a given term in a Binomial Expansion.

14

functions of related angles, Given a trigonometric functions of an angle and its quadrant find

others. Find the values of the trigonometric functions between 0˚ and 360˚.

UNIT – II

Addition formulae, Multiple and Sub-multiple formulae, Sum and Product formulae, simple

problems.

State and prove Sine rule, Cosine rule and projection formula. State and prove Napier’s

formula and simple problems relating to this.

1. Three sides

2. Two sides and the included angle (use Napier’s formula)

1) Y = mx + C,

2) y-yı = m(x-xı),

3) y-yı = x-xı

yı-y2 xı-x2

4) x+y=1

a b

Points of Intersection of two lines, Angle between two lines, Conditions for two lines,

Conditions for two lines to be parallel and predicator.

UNIT – III

Limit xn-an = nan-1 and limit Sinǿ = 1 (statements only),

x -> a x-a φ -> 0 φ

General definition of continuous functions.

15

Definition of derivative of xn, Sin x, Cos x etc by using first principle, find derivatives of ex

and log x, Fundamental formulas, product and Quotient rules (statement only). Derivatives

of other trigonometric functions, Simple problems.

differentiation of functions involving these forms, second order derivatives, Simple problems.

UNIT – IV

Geometrical meaning of derivatives, Slope, Tangent, Normal and Equation of a straight line,

Rate of change.

Problems connecting Area and Volume, Velocity and Accelerations.

Increasing and Decreasing functions, Turning points, Finding Maximum and Minimum

values of a function by using derivatives, Conditions for Maximum and Minimum, Simple

problems.

function of the form ∫ f (g (x) g¹ (x) dx, ∫ f (ax + b)n dx

UNIT – V

Integral of the product of two functions, formula (without proof) and simple problems.

π/2 π/2

0 0 √1-cosx

Finding areas between the curve y = f(x) and the axes, Volume of the solid, Problems

16

REFERENCE BOOKS

2. Green John. R : Calculus with Analytic Geometry, McGraw Hill Book Co.,

3. Karuppannan. T.C. : Mathematics for Technical Students, Macmillan and Co.,

4. T.T.T.I. Madras : Mathematics for Technicians Vol. I and II,

Sehgal Educational Consultants (P) Ltd, Faridabad

5. Shanti Narayanan : Algebra

....

17

SUBJECT CODE : GE 103 A

PERIODS/WEEK : 3

PERIODS/YEAR : 96

TIME SHEDULE

1.2 Dynamics 14

1.3 Work, Power and Energy 5

1.4 Rotational Dynamics 6

Test – I 2

II 2.1 Statics 10

2.2 Elasticity 4

2.3 Fluid Flow 5

2.4 Viscosity 3

2.5 Surface Tension 3

2.6 Simple Harmonic Motion 5

Test – 2 2

III 3.1 Optics 7

3.2 Electricity 12

3.3 Semiconductors 6

3.4 Laser 2

3.5 Photoelectric Effect 3

Test – 3 2

--------

Total 96

====

OBJECTIVES

UNIT – I

1.1.0 Understand the concept of units and measurements with a basic knowledge

about dimensions

1.1.1 Define Unit of a physical quantity.

1.1.2 Explain the principle of measurement.

1.1.3 Identify fundamental and derived units.

1.1.4 Define dimension of a physical quantity.

1.1.5 Derive dimensional formula for physical quantities.

18

1.2 Dynamics

1.2.0 Apply the dynamics of a particle in practical situations.

1.2.2 Derive the expression Sn = u+a (n – ½)

1.2.3 Solve Problems related to gravity with equations of motion.

1.2.4 Derive the expressions for time of flight, horizontal range and maximum

height for a projectile.

1.2.5 Solve the problems based on the above expression

1.2.6 State the Newton’s laws of motion

1.2.7 Define the terms:

1. Force 2. Inertia 3. Momentum

1.2.8 Derive the relation F = ma

1.2.9 State Law of conservation of momentum and prove it in the case of two

bodies making a collision.

1.2.10 Explain the principle behind recoil of gun and derive an expression for recoil

velocity.

1.2.11 Solve Problems related to Laws of motion.

1.2.12 Define angular displacement, angular velocity and angular acceleration.

1.2.13 Derive relation between linear velocity and angular velocity.

1.2.14 Derive expression for centripetal acceleration.

1.2.15 Apply the principle of centripetal force in the case of banking of roads and

rails.

1.2.16 Solve problems related to centripetal force.

1.3.0 Understand the concepts of work, power and energy and their applications

1.3.1 Define 1. Work 2. Power 3. Energy

1.3.2 Distinguish between Potential Energy and Kinetic Energy and mention the

expressions for them.

1.3.3 Solve problems using the above expressions.

1.4.2 Define Radius of gyration

1.4.3 Scale theorems of parallel and perpendicular axes.

1.4.4 Define Torque

1.4.5 Mention relation between torque and angular momentum.

1.4.6 Mention the expression for kinetic energy of rotation.

1.4.7 Derive an expression for moment of inertia of a uniform circular disc about

an axis passing through its center and perpendicular to its plane.

1.4.8 Derive expression for kinetic energy of a disc rotting on a horizontal plane.

1.4.9 Solve problems using the above expressions.

19

UNIT – II

2.1 Statics

2.1.2 Define Resultant and Equilibrant of vectors.

2.1.3 State Parallelogram law of forces.

2.1.4 Derive expression for resultant using Parallelogram law.

2.1.5 State the law of triangle of forces.

2.1.6 State Lami’s theorem.

2.1.7 Explain moment of a force.

2.1.8 State the conditions of equilibrium of a rigid body acted upon by a large

number of coplanar parallel forces.

2.1.9 Derive expression for work done by a couple.

2.2 Elasticity

2.2.2 State Hooke’s law.

2.2.3 Derive expression for Young’s modulus, rigidity modulus and bulk modulus.

2.2.4 Solve Problems related to modulus of elasticity.

2.3.2 Explain Pressure energy, Kinetic energy and Potential energy of a liquid.

2.3.3 Mention equation of continuity.

2.3.4 State Bernouille’s theorem.

2.3.5 Explain the working of airfoil and atomizer.

2.4 Viscosity

2.4.2 Give the Poiseusilles formula.

2.4.3 Explain terminal velocity.

2.4.4 Mention Stoke’s formula.

2.4.5 Explain the effect of temperature on viscosity

2.4.6 Solve problems using Poiseuille's formula.

20

2.5.2 Define surface energy.

2.5.3 Derive the relation between surface tension and surface energy.

2.5.4 Mention the expression for the excess of pressure issued a spherical drop and

bubble.

2.5.5 Solve problems related to surface tension.

2.6.2 Derive equation for S.H. motion.

2.6.3 Explain period, frequency, amplitude and phase.

2.6.4 Distinguish between transverse and longitudinal waves.

2.6.5 Define wavelength.

2.6.6 Derive the relation V= nλ

2.6.7 Explain resonance.

2.6.8 Explain ultrasonic frequency.

2.6.9 Mention applications of ultrasonic.

UNIT – III

3.1 Optics

3.1.2 Explain critical angle and total internal reflection.

3.1.3 Explain the propagation of light through optic fiber.

3.1.4 Convex and concave mirror- focus, image formation.

3.1.5 Mention the formula 1/u + 1/v = 1/f ( No derivation)

3.1.6 Convex and concave lens - focus, image formation.

3.1.7 Mention the formuls 1/f= (n-1)(1/R1 - 1/R2) , No derivation

3.1.8 Simple microscope, Magnifying power m=1+D/f , No derivation.

3.2 Electricity

3.2 Understand the fundamentals of electricity and its magnetic effect

3.2.1 State Kirchoff’s law.

3.2.2 Derive expression for balancing cudilien of wheat Stories Bridge.

3.2.3 State Biots and Savarts law.

3.2.4 Mention the expression for magnetic field due to current through a circular

cuf.

3.2.5 State Fleming’s left hand rule.

3.2.6 Describe the principle and construction of a moving coil galvanometer.

3.2.7 Explain the conversion of galvanometer into ammeter and voltmeter

3.2.8 Solves problems based on the above laws.

21

3.3 Semiconductors

3.3.2 Describe a junction transistor PNP and NPN.

3.3.3 Explain transistor configuration.

3.3.4 Describe a common emitter amplifier.

3.3.5 Represent Logic gates symbolically.

3.3.6 Explain with the help of truth table.

3.4 Laser

optical pumping.

3.4.2 Write down the characteristics of LASER.

3.4.3 Describe various applications of Laser.

3.5.2 Explain Photoelectric effect and its application.

3.5.3 State Laws of Photoelectric emission.

3.5.4 Device Einstein’s photoelectric equation.

3.5.5 Solve problems using the above equation.

CONTENT DETAILS

UNIT – I

Units – fundamental and derived units. Systems of units – S.I. Dimensions – Application –

Derivation of expression of period of a simple pendulum using dimension.

1.2 Dynamics

gravity – equation of motion under gravity. Numerical problems.

Projectile motion – Derivation of expressions for Time of flight, Horizontal range, Maximum

height Problems.

Linear Momentum, Newton’s laws of motion – Definition of force and inertia – Derivation of F =

ma – Unit of force. Law of conservation of momentum – Derivation – Recoil of gun. Numerical

Problems.

Circular motion – definitions for angular displacement angular velocity and angular acceleration

– relation between linear velocity and angular velocity (deviation). Centripetal acceleration and

22

Numerical problems.

Definitions for Work, Power, Energy – Units of work – Power and energy, Potential energy and

Kinetic energy – Expression for P.E and K.E. (no derivation). Numerical problems.

Moment of inertia of a rigid body – Radius of gyration. Theorems of Parallel and Perpendicular

axis (only statement) – Angular momentum Torque – Relation between Torque and angular

momentum (no derivation) expression for K.E. of rotation (no derivation). Moment of Inertia of

a uniform circular disc about an axis passing through its center and Perpendicular to its Plane

(derivation) – K.E. of disc rolling on a horizontal Plane. Numerical problems.

UNIT – II

2.1 Statics

Vectors and Scalars – Triangle Method of vector addition – Concurrent forces – Resultant and

equilibrant – Parallelogram law – Derivation of the resultant in Magnitude and direction – Law of

triangle of forces – Lami’s theorem – Resolution of forces – Parallel forces – Like and unlike

Parallel forces – moment of force- Conditions of equilibrium of body under the action of a

number of coplanar parallel forces couples – Moment of a couple – work done by a couple –

Numerical problems.

2.2 Elasticity

Elastic and plastic bodies – Stress – Strain – units - Hooke’s law – Young’s Modulus Rigidity

modulus, Bulk modulus – Numerical problems.

Stream line and turbulent flow – Pressure enemy, Potential energy and kinetic energy of a liquid

– Equation of continuity – Bernoulli’s theorem – Applications – Air foil and Atomizer.

2.4 Viscosity

Viscous force – Coefficient of viscosity – Unit dimension - Poiseuille’s formula (no derivation).

Stokes formula - Variation of viscosity with temperature - Numerical problems.

Surface tension - Surface energy – Relation between S.T and Surface energy (Proof) – Expression

for excess of Pressure inside a spherical drop and bubble (no derivation) – Problems.

motion on any diameter of a circle – Equation of SHM – Period, frequency, amplitude, phase

23

Derivation of relation V + fλ - free vibration – forced vibration – Resonance – Ultrasonic

Applications.

UNIT – III

3.1 Optics

Smells law of refraction – Critical angle – Total internal reflection – Optical fiber Convex and

concave mirror – Focus, image formed by mirror (Qualitaive idea only), Mention the formula 1/u

+ 1/v = 1/f, (no derivation) – Convex and concave lens, focus image formed by lenses(qualitative

idea only), mention the formula 1/f = 9n-1)[1/R1 - 1/R2] , no derivation. Simple microscope –

magnifying power m=1+d/f, No derivation.

3.2 Electricity

Kirchoff’s Laws – WheatStone’s bridge - Condition for balancing – Magnetic effect of Electricity

– Biot and Savart Law – Right hand palm rule – Magnetic field due to current through circular

coil at a point on the axial line and at the center (no derivation) – Fleming’s Left hand rule –

Force on a current carrying Conductor placed in a magnetic field – moving coil galvanometer –

theory and construction – Conversion of a galvanometer into ammeter and voltmeter – Numerical

problems.

3.3 Semiconductors

amplifier.

Logic gates (symbolic representation and truth task only) – AND, OR, NOT gates – universal

gates NAND, NOR, XOR gates.

3.4 Laser

characteristics – applications.

equation – Numerical problems.

REFERENCE BOOKS

2. Mechanics - D.S. Mathur

3. Optics - Jenkins and White

4. Digital and Computer Principles - Malvino

5. Modern Physics - Murukesan.

24

SUBJECT CODE : GE 103 B

PERIODS/WEEK : 3

PERIODS/YEAR : 96

TIME SHEDULE

1.1 Introduction 9

1.2 Acid Base & Redox Reactions 9

1.3 Water 8

Test – I 1

II PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY

2.1 Electrochemistry 10

2.2 Corrosion 7

2.3 Energetics 10

2.4 Colloids 5

Test – II 1

3.1 Introduction 4

3.2 Polymers 9

3.3 Paints, Varnishes & Adhesives 6

3.4 Fuels 9

3.5 Environmental Pollution 5

3.6 Chemistry In Action 2

Test – III 1

--------

Total 96

====

25

OBJECTIVES

UNIT - I INORGANIC AND THEORETICAL CHEMISTRY

Introduction

1.1.1 Explain the terms atom, molecule, valency, radical, molecular formula

1.1.2 Compute molecular weight from molecular formula

1.1.3 Do the calculations based on simple stoichiometric equations –

weight(s)/volume(s) of product(s)/reactant(s)

STRUCTURE OF ATOM

1.2.0 Understand the basic ideas related to modern approach to the structure of atom

1.2.1 State the fundamental particles – proton, electron, neutron – their charge & mass

1.2.2 Differentiate atomic number & mass number

1.2.3 Explain the concept of isotopes

1.2.4 Describe the dual nature of matter

1.2.5 Outline de-Broglie equation

1.2.6 State Heisenberg’s uncertainty principle

1.2.7 Explain the concept of uncertainty

1.2.8 Distinguish between orbit & Orbital

1.2.9 Illustrate the Hund’s rule & Aufbau principle

1.2.10 Illustrate the electronic configuration of first 20 elements

1.2.11 State modern periodic law

1.2.12 Classify elements based on electronic configuration

CHEMICAL BONDING

1.3.0 Understand the different types of chemical bonds – how & why they are formed

1.3.1 Explain the reason for inactivity of zero group elements

1.3.2 Illustrate ionic, covalent & co-ordinate bond

1.3.3 Define electro-negativity

1.3.4 Explain the polar character of covalent bond & significance of Hydrogen

Bonding

1.3.5 Illustrate the application of hydrogen bonding – high boiling point of water,

density of ice, silky nature of proteins (elementary idea only)

1.4.1 Illustrate Arrhenius’ & Lewis concept of acids and bases

1.4.2 Distinguish between strong and weak acids and bases

1.4.3 Explain neutralization

1.4.4 Illustrate the calculation of equivalent weights of acids and bases based on

equations

1.4.5 Explain the electronic concept of oxidation & reduction

26

1.4.7 Define the O.N concept of oxidisation & reduction

1.4.8 Illustrate redox reactions taking the reactions in Daniel Cell as example

1.5.1 State pH – understand its expression

1.5.2 Describe what is pH scale

1.5.3 Solve simple problems

1.5.4 Define buffer solutions

1.5.5 Describe what is acid buffer & basic buffer – one example each

VOLUMETRIC ANALYSIS

1.6.1 Describe what is meant by the terms titration, end point & indicators

1.6.2 Identify the indicators phenolphthalein/methyl orange to be used in a

given acid-base titration, know the respective pH ranges

1.6.3 Solve problems based on the relation V1N1=V2N2 & V1M1 = V2M2

Water

1.7.0 Understand hard & soft water- definition, types of hardness, its causes & certain methods

of removal

1.7.1 Distinguish between hard water & soft water

1.7.2 Mention the types of hardness

1.7.3 Explain methods of removal of hardness – one each (temp. – boiling, permanent

– ion exchange)

1.7.4 Define degree of hardness

1.7.5 Explain the method of determination of degree of hardness using EDTA –

principle, procedure & calculation

1.7.6 Explain disadvantages of using hard water – wastage of soap in laundry,

formation of boiler scales

Electrochemistry

2.1.0 Review the outline of electrolysis, distinguish between electrolytic cells & galvanic cells,

identify corrosion as an electrochemical process

conduction c) strong & weak electrolytes

2.1.2 Explain electrolysis taking molten NaCI as example anode reaction & cathode

reaction as oxidisation & reduction.

2.1.3 Explain the applications of electrolysis, electroplating & anodizing

2.1.4 Distinguish between electrolytic cell & galvanic cell, the difference in the sign of

the electrodes in the above cells

2.1.5 Outline the schematic representation of galvanic cell

2.1.6 Explain the classification of galvanic cells as primary & secondary

2.1.7 Illustrate primary cell with Daniel cell as examples

2.1.8 Illustrate secondary cell with lead storage cell as examples

27

2.1.10 Explain the term electrode potential

2.1.11 Define electrochemical series

2.1.12 Illustrate the construction of a galvanic cell – minimum 3 examples

2.1.13 Explain the concept of fuel cells (elementary idea only)

2.1.14 Explain hydrogen-oxygen fuel cell & methanol-oxygen fuel cell

2.1.15 Describe the chemical reactions in the cell

2.1.16 Mention the advantages of fuel cells

Corrosion

2.2.0 Understand the concept of corrosion & identify it as an electrochemical process

2.2.1 Define corrosion

2.2.2 Explain the rusting of iron-mention the conditions for rusting

2.2.3 Explain the electrochemical theory of corrosion

2.2.4 Describe the methods of prevention of corrosion, barrier protection and

sacrificial protection

2.2.5 Explain the theory behind each method learned

Chemical Energetics

2.3.0 Appreciate the basic concepts of ‘Thermodynamics’ & ‘Chemical

Thermodynamics’

2.3.1 Explain the scope and limitations of thermodynamics

2.3.2 Distinguish between a) reversible & irreversible reactions b) exothermic &

endothermic reactions

2.3.4 Explain ‘system & surroundings’

2.3.5 Distinguish between open, closed & isolated systems

2.3.6 Define macroscopic properties

2.3.7 Distinguish between extensive & intensive properties

2.3.8 Describe the different thermodynamic processes like isothermal, adiabatic,

isobaric & isochoric process

2.3.9 State the first law of thermodynamics

2.3.10 Explain internal energy E & ^E

2.3.11 Explain the concept of work & heat

2.3.12 State the mathematical expression for the first law of thermodynamics

2.3.13 State Hess’s Law – only statement & examples (solving problems not expected)

2.3.14 Describe the limitations of the 1st law

2.3.15 Explain the terms a) ‘enthalpy’ H & ^H b) entropy S & ^S

2.3.16 Describe spontaneous & non-spontaneous processes with suitable examples.

2.3.17 State 2nd law of thermodynamics

2.3.18 Explain Gibb’s free energy G & ^G

2.3.19 Derive the mathematical expression (only) for Gibb’s – Helmholtz equation

2.3.20 State 3rd law of thermodynamics

Colloids

2.4.1 Comprehend the methods of preparation, the properties & some industrial

applications of colloid

2.4.2 Define ‘colloids’

2.4.3 Illustrate the different types of colloids with examples.

2.4.4 Describe the method for the preparation of Fe(OH)3 sol

2.4.5 Describe Bredic’s Arc method

2.4.5 Describe the purification of colloids by Dialysis

28

electrophoresis 4) coagulation

2.4.7 State Hardy-Schultze rule & explain with examples.

2.4.8 Define Gold-No

2.4.9 Describe the industrial applications – 1) smoke precipitation 2) sewage treatment

3) purification of drinking water

Introduction to organic chemistry

3.1.1 Understand the fundamental ideas of organic chemistry

3.1.2 List the differences between organic & inorganic compounds

3.1.3 Describe the uniqueness of carbon atom

3.1.4 Define ‘catenation’

3.1.4 Distinguish between saturated & unsaturated compounds

3.1.5 Illustrate general classification & that based on functional groups

3.1.6 Define isomerism – explain with simple examples only

Polymers

3.2.0 Understand the nature of some industrially important polymers

3.2.2 Distinguish between addition & unsaturated compounds

3.2.3 Differentiate between thermoplastics & thermosetting plastics

3.2.4 Outline the merits & demerits of plastics

3.2.5 Distinguish natural rubber from synthetic rubber with suitable examples

3.2.6 Explain vulcanization & its merits

3.2.7 Define “fiber”

3.2.8 Describe different types of fibers with suitable examples

3.3.1 Name the constituents of paints – vehicle, pigment & other additive

3.3.2 Identify the role of various additives – acrylics, polymethanes, fillers,

plastizisers, driers, antiskinning agents (one examples each)

3.3.3 List the two types of varnishes & their constituents

3.3.4 State the common uses of varnishes

3.3.5 List the various constituents of varnish

3.3.6 Explain the principle of lubrication

3.3.7 List the types of lubricants – with one example each

3.3.8 Define ‘adhesives’

3.3.9 List the two types of adhesives

3.3.10 State the applications of 1) paper adhesive 2) wood adhesive 3) metal

bonding adhesive 4) break & clutch bonding adhesive 5) printed circuits

Fuels

3.4.0 Comprehend the classification and use of various types of fuel.

3.4.1 Define “fuel”

3.4.2 Explain their classification into solid, liquid & gaseous

3.4.3 Give brief explanation of solid fuels wood, charcoal, lignite, bituminous coal,

anthracite coal – list their applications

29

3.4.4 Explain briefly the liquid fuels petrol, diesel, kerosene & list their applications

3.4.5 Explain gaseous fuels natural gas (CNG), producer gas, water gas, LPG & Gobar

gas

3.4.6 Describe nuclear fuels with examples

3.4.7 Define 1) calorific value 2) octane number 3) Cetane no.

3.4.8 Explain 1) knocking 2) cracking

Environmental pollution

3.5.0 Investigate the impact of pollution on the environment

3.5.1 Describe the categorization and sources

3.5.2 List the different methods of controlling pollution

1) Effluent treatment 2) removal of toxic gases and particulate materials

3.5.3 Distinguish between BOD & COD

Chemistry in action

3.6.1 Explain what is 1) dyes 2) antipyretics & analgesics 3) antiseptics & disinfectants

4) tranquilizers 5) antibiotics - mention 2 examples each

3.6.2 Define propellants

3.6.3 Classify propellants with one example each.

CONTENT DETAILS

1.1 Introduction

Atoms and Molecules, Valency, Molecular formula, Atomic weight, Molecular weight,

Chemical equation, Problems based on Chemical equation.

(Elementary idea only) – Concept of Orbit, orbital, Aufban, Hundi, Paul’s Principle – Electric

configuration – Modern Periods Law - classification of elements based on electronic

configuration.

Chemical Bonding - theory of valency – Inertness of Zero group elements - Ionic bond, Co-

ordinate bond, Co-valent bond, Polar character of covalent bond – Hydrogen bond –

Applications High B.P of Water, density of ice, silky nature of protein (Idea only).

Acids-Bases – (Arrherius, & Lewis Concepts) – Concepts of strong and weak acids & bases –

Neutralization - Equivalent weight of acid & bases (Calculate based on Equation) -Oxidation,

Reduction (electronic concept and oxidation No concept) - Redox reaction (Eg: - Daniel Cell

reaction).

Calculation of PH & POH – Buffer solution (examples) – Application of PH a)

Boiler feed water b) Potable water c) Effluent treatment.

30

Concentration (Normality, Morality & PPM) – Titration, Endpoint Acid – Base Indicators

(Phenolphthalein & Methyl orange) – Choice of Indicators.

1.3 Water

Hard & soft water, Types of Hardness – degree of hardness. One method to remove

Temporary hardness (Boiling) – Renormal of permanent hardness (Ion-exchange method) –

disadvantages of using hard water a) Wastage of Soap in laundry) Boil Scales –

Determination of Degree of hardness using EDTA (Principle & Procedure only).

(Problems not expected from the chapter)

Conductors & Insulators, Metallic & electrolyte conductors, strong & weak electrolytes –

Mechanism of electrolysis – Molten Nail – Application of electrolysis – Electroplating &

Anodizing.

Galvanic cell –

Difference in the sign of electrodes – Primary cell (eg: - Daniel cell construction details,

Anode reaction, cathode reaction & Net cell reaction)

Secondary cells –

Lead storage balling, (Constructional details – charging & discharging) Electrochemical senis

– Application in the construction of a cell.

Fuel cells –

Introduction, Hydrogen – Oxygen fuel cell, Methanol – Oxygen fuel (elementary idea only) –

Advantages.

2.2 Corrosion

Definition – Rusting of Fe condition for Rusting of Fe, Electrochemical theory of corrosion,

Preventing of corrosion

i) Barrur protection

ii) Sacrificial protection

iii) Cathodic protection

iv) Antirust solution.

Understand the term chemical energetic & thermodynamics _ Scope & Limitations of

Thermodynamics. Basic concepts – Reversible & Irreversible reaction, Exothermic &

endothermic reactions, systems & surroundings – Types of systems Open, closed, Isolated –

process – Macroscopic properties – Extensive & Intensive properties.

Thermodynamic process

Isothermal, Adrabalie, Isobaric, Isochoric Process.

First Law of Thermodynamics – (statement)

Internal energy (E) and Internal energy change (E)

Concept of Work & heat

31

Application of 1st Law (Hess’s Law)

(Statement and eg), Limitation of 1st Law.

Enthalpy (H) and Enthalpy Change (H), Entropy (S) and Entropy Change (S)

Second Law of Thermo dynamics (statement & Mathematical Expression)

Gibbs Free energy (G) and Gibbs free energy change (AG)

Gibbs-Helzmotz equation (expression only)

Third Law of Thermodynamics (statement only)

2.4 Colloids

Definition, Types of colloids, preparation 1) Condensation-e.g. Ferric hydroxide sol 2)

Dispersion- e.g. Bredic’s arc method, purification – dialysis, Properties. 1. Tyndall effect 2.

Brownian movement 3. Electrophoresis 4. Coagulation Hardy – Schulze rule, Gold number

Industrial application 1) Smoke precipitation 2) Treatment of sewage 3) Purification of

drinking water.

3.1 Introduction

Differences between organic and inorganic compounds – uniqueness of carbon – catenation,

saturated and unsaturated – general classification of organic compound – classification based

on functional groups isomerism (definition wish an example).

3.2 Polymers

Polymerization – illustrate with examples – Addition and condensation polymerization with

one example each.

3.3 Plastics - Thermoplastics, Thermosetting plastic, with one example each –

advantages.

3.4 Rubber – Natural and synthetic rubber (example), vulcanization.

3.5 Fiber – Natural fibers, synthetic fibers, semi synthetic fibers, examples.

Requisites of a good paint – Constituents – acrylics, polyurethane, filler, plasticizers,

pigments, driers and antiskinning agents.

VARNISHES

Type, Constituents

LUBRICANTS

Principle of lubrication – Types of lubricants

ADHESIVES

Types and Applications.

3.4 Fuels

Types of fuels - solid, liquid, gaseous and nuclear - Calorific value of fuels. Knocking,

Cracking - Octane number and octave number.

Categorization, Sources and Controlling.

32

(Concept and two examples each). Propellants – definition classification (solid – liquid –

hybrid) one example each.

REFERENCE BOOKS

1. Soni P.L. A Text Book of Inorganic Chemistry S.Chand & Co., New Delhi

2. Puri B.L. & A Text Book of Inorganic Chemistry Shoban Lal Nagin

Sharma L.R Chand&Co, Jalandhar

3. B.S.Bahl Text book of Organic Chemistry S.Chand & Co., New Delhi

4. I.L. Finar Organic Chemistry – Vol I ELBS & Longman, Group Ltd.,

Arun Bahl

5. Sono. P.L. Textbook of physical Chemistry Sultan Chand & Sons, New

Delhi

6. A.J. Mee Physical Chemistry William Heinemann Ltd.,

London

7. Glasstone & Element of Physical Chemistry Macmillan Press

Lewis

33

SUBJECT CODE : GE 104

PERIODS/WEEK : 4

PERIODS/YEAR : 128

TIME SCHEDULE

1.2 Drawing Instruments 2

1.3 Drawing standards 2

1.4 Free hand Lettering and Numbering 3

1.5 Dimensioning 3 Sheet 1

1.6 Geometric construction 16 Sheet 2

Sheet 3

Test 1 3

----------

31

Test 2 3

----------

21

Test 3 3 Sheet 6

Sheet 7

---------

30

4.2 Auxiliary views 3

Test 4 3

---------

17

5.1 Pictorial Drawing 8

5.2 Visualization 4

5.3 Perspective Drawing 3

5.4 Development of surfaces 11

Test 5 3

----------

29

Total 128 Periods

34

OBJECTIVES

UNIT - I

1.1.2 Describe the development of engineering graphics and computer aided drafting

CAD

1.1.3 Indicate the link between engineering graphics and other subjects of study in

diploma courses

1.2.1 Select the proper instrument to draw horizontal, vertical and inclined lines

1.2.2 Select the proper instrument to draw large and small circles and arcs to its

specifications

1.2.3 Select the proper pencil to draw different types of line according to its

specifications

1.2.4 Identify the steps to keep the drawing clean and tiny

1.3.2 Draw different types of lines

1.3.3 Prepare of title block as per BIS

1.3.4 Fold of drawing sheets as per standards

1.4.1 Write drawing tile using sloping and vertical lettering including numerals as per

BIS

1.4.2 Select suitable size of letters of different layout and applications

1.4.3 Write engineering drawings notes using lettering stencils

1.5 Dimensioning

1.5.2 Identify the notations used in a drawing as per BIS

35

1.5.4 Dimension of a given drawing according to BIS including features

1.5.5 Apply the rules for dimensioning of standard features, given a drawing

comprising of standard features

1.5.6 Identify principles of dimensioning, given a dimensioned drawing

1.5.7 Identity the correctness or otherwise of an engineering drawing dimensioned as

per

SP 46 and dimension the same correctly

1.6.2 Insert a regular polygon in a circle.

1.6.3 Define Ellipse, involutes, helix, Parabola, Hyperbola and Cycloid,

1.6.4 Construct Ellipse by different methods (concentric, eccentricity, parallelogram

1.6.5 Construct an involute, helix, parabola from given data

1.6.6 Identify the application of these constructions in engineering practice.

UNIT – II

2.1.2 Project lines parallel to both planes

2.1.3 Project lines perpendicular to HP and || to VP

2.1.4 Project lines perpendicular to VP and || to HP

2.1.5 Project lines inclined to HP and || to VP

2.1.6 Project lines inclined to VP and || to HP

2.1.7 Project lines inclined to both planes-simple direct questions and answers

2.1.8 Find true length of lines

2.1.9 Project of planes parallel to VP and perpendicular to HP

2.1.10 Project planes parallel to HP and perpendicular to VP

UNIT - III

3.1.2 Prepare an engineering drawing of a given simple engineering path in first angle

and third angle projection

3.1.3 Draw the orthographic views of an object, given its pictorial drawing

3.1.4 Sketch (free hand) the orthographic views of 3.2 and 3.3

3.1.5 Select the minimum number of views needed to represent a given object fully

3.1.6 Identify the engineering path correctly from a number of orthographic drawings

36

UNIT - IV

4.1.2 Select the section place for a given component to reveal maximum information

4.1.3 Draw the sectional views for 4.2

4.1.4 Sketch simple sections (Full and half) for a range of simple engineering objects

4.1.5 Select the component from a given sectional view

4.2.1 State whether the auxiliary view is needed, given an engineering drawing

4.2.2 Draw the auxiliary views of a given engineering drawing

UNIT - V

5.1.1 Explain the need for and types of commonly used pictorial drawings

5.1.2 Prepare isometric drawing of simple objects using appropriate construction

procedures given their appropriate drawings

5.1.3 Sketch the isometric views of simple engineering objects given either

orthographic drawing or actual components

5.1.4 Prepare oblique drawing – cavalier and cabinet-of simple engineering objects

given either orthographic drawings or actual components

5.1.5 Sketch 5.4 by free hand

5.1.6 Identify the correct pictorial view from orthographic drawings

5.2 Visualization

5.2.1 Compare an engineering part with its drawings

5.2.2 Identify surfaces with reference to orthographic drawing

5.2.3 Prepare a model of the part, given its orthographic drawing

5.3.2 Prepare two-point perspective of a rectangular block

5.3.3 Sketch perspective of combination of rectangular block

37

5.4.2 Prepare development of surfaces of simple engineering component like tray,

funnel, ducts (rectangular and square hopper)

5.4.3 Prepare development of surfaces of 90-degree elbow pipe

CONTENT DETAILS

UNIT - I

Explanation of the scope and objective of this subject – its importance as a graphic

communication, Computer Aided Drafting (CAD) need for preparing drawing as per

standards – BIS, SP 46.

Basic drawing instruments – T square – Set square – compass dividers – drawing boards –

Pencils – Drawing papers – Mini drafter – French curves – Stencils – Selection and mode of

using them.

Size of drawing sheets – Layouts of drawing sheet – Title Blocks – Types of lines – Folding

of drawing sheets

Need for legible lettering and numbering on drawings – selection of suitable size of lettering

for different drawing writing of Engineering drawing titles and notes using both vertical and

sloping styles.

1.5 Dimensioning

rotation used in dimensions – dimension line – extension line – arrow heads and leader –

system of dimensions - method I and method II

Construction of regular polygon given the length of its side - methods of inserting a regular

Polygon in a given circle – construction of ellipse by different methods (eccentrically,

concentric circle, parallelogram). Definition of involute, helix, parabola & hyperbola –

Construction of cycloid helix, involute and parabola.

38

UNIT – II

Projection of points in different quadrants, projection of straight lines parallel to one or both

planes, parallel to one plane –perpendicular to other – inclined to one plane and parallel to

other line inclined to both planes (In first quadrant only)

Methods of finding true length and its inclination with the reference planes. Projection of

planes – parallel to one plane and perpendicular to other plane (in first quadrant only)

UNIT - III

Explanation of the meaning of orthographic projection using a viewing box and a model-

number views obtained need of only three views for displaying the object. Concept front

view, top view and side view-sketching these views for a number of engineering objects-

explanation of the meaning of first angle and third angle projection – symbol of projection

UNIT - IV

Need for sectional drawing of an engineering object- selection of the section plane to reveal

the maximum information – sectional views (full and half section) of simple engineering

objects.

UNIT - V

Engineering objects

5.2 Visualization

of a rectangular block and combination of two rectangular blocks of different sizes

39

and square –hopper-90 degree Elbow

REFERENCE BOOKS

2. Engineering Graphics - P. I. Varghese

3. Engineering Graphics - Sageer & Abu

40

PROGRAMMING

SUBJECT CODE : GE 105

PERIODS/WEEK : 3

PERIODS/YEAR : 96

TIME SCHEDULE

1.2 Windows & Word Processing 6

Test 1 2

2.2 Problem solving methodology 11

Test 2 2

3.2 Programming practice 6

Test 3 2

4.2 Programming practice 6

Test 4 2

V 5.1 Graphics in c 7

5.2 Computer Networks 3

5.3 Programming practice 6

Test 5 2

-------

TOTAL 96

===

OBJECTIVES

UNIT – I

1.1.2 Discuss the various applications of computers

1.1.3 List the different classifications of computers based on processing

methods

1.1.4 Describe the working of analog, digital and hybrid computers

1.2.2 Discuss about Instruction and program

41

1.2.3 Describe the hardware functional components of a digital computer with the help

of a block diagram

1.2.4 List the functions of ALU, Memory, Input, Output Units and Control Unit

1.2.5 Define CPU and Microprocessor

1.2.6 List the classifications of computers based on capability

1.2.7 Describe micro, mini, mainframe and supercomputers in brief

1.2.8 Discuss machine language, Assembly language and high level language

1.2.9 List the different software components

1.2.10 Define system software and application software

1.2.11 Give examples for system software and application software

1.2.12 State the need for translators – assembler, compiler

1.2.13 Define operating system

1.2.14 List the functions of operating system

1.2.15 List the names of various operating system

1.3.2 Discuss the units’ bit, byte, kilobyte, megabyte, gigabyte etc.

1.3.3 Discuss the characteristics of primary memory and secondary memory

1.3.4 Distinguish between sequential access memory and Random Access Memory

1.3.5 Differentiate between Read Only Memory and Read/Write memory

1.3.6 Discuss RAM & ROM

1.3.7 List the different types of ROM

1.3.8 List the different secondary memory devices

1.3.9 Discuss the working of floppy disk, magnetic tape, Hard disk, Compact disk, pen

drives and other new trends

1.3.10 Discuss working of CDROM, CD-R, CD-RW & DVD, combo drive, new trends

1.3.11 List the names of various I/O devices

1.3.12 Discuss input devices – Keyboard, mouse, scanner, Optical Character reader,

Optical Mark reader, bar code reader, digitizer, light pen, joystick, touch screen

and other new trends in brief

1.3.13 Discuss output devices – monitor, Printer, plotter and new trends in brief

1.3.14 Describe the printers – Dot matrix printer, Inkjet printer, Laser printer, Thermal

printer and new trends in brief

1.4.0 Use the provisions of windows o s and word processing

1.4.1 Demonstrate the features of Windows Operating System

1.4.2 Operate various facilities in windows- 95 or higher version such as

Desktop, icon, menu, folder, programs, screen saver, media player, shut

down procedure

1.4.3 Discuss word processing

1.4.4 Prepare documents using WORD - create, format, save, print and open

documents

1.4.5 Prepare presentations using power point – creation and use of slide show

presentations

42

UNIT – II

2.1.0 Use data processing techniques and DBMS (not for theory exam)

2.1.2 State the need of spreadsheet

2.1.3 List the name of electronics spreadsheet and DBMS software packages

2.1.4 Use Excel for the creation, formatting, formula, save, print, open close and

exit worksheets

2.1.5 Use Access for the creation, editing and querying of tables

2.2.2 Define what is an Algorithm

2.2.3 Write Algorithm for solving general and computer related problems

2.2.4 Define what is a Flow chart

2.2.5 Discuss the different flow-charting symbols

2.2.6 Draw flow chart for solving general and computer related problems

2.2.7 Define syntax and semantic of programming languages

2.2.8 List the name of two programming methods

2.2.9 Discuss the characteristics of procedural and object oriented programming

languages

2.2.10 Give examples for procedural and object oriented languages

UNIT – III

3.1.0 Use ‘C’ language in programming

3.1.2 Describe the structure of a C program

3.1.3 State the need for header files, main ()

3.1.4 Discuss the basic data types in C –int., float, and double char

3.1.5 Discuss about identifiers, keywords and declaration of identifiers

3.1.6 Discuss about statements and compound statements

3.1.7 Describe briefly assignment, arithmetic operators, increment-decrement

operators and arithmetic expressions

3.1.8 Discuss operator precedence and rules for evaluation of an expression

3.1.9 State the need of stdio.h

3.1.10 Discuss various input and output statements-printf (), scanf (), getchar (),

Putchar (), getchar ()

3.1.11 Discuss the need of various control sequences and escape sequences

3.1.12 Write simple programs using input/output assignment and arithmetic

statements

3.1.13 Describe the relational operators and relational expressions with their

precedence in brief

43

3.1.15 Write programs with relational operators and logical operators

3.2.2 Describe IF, IF ELSE statement, nested IF and IF Ladder

3.2.3 Describe the Switch Statement

3.2.4 Write Programs using IF Else and Switch statement

3.2.5 State the need for looping statements

3.2.6 Discuss the method of looping using While, Do and for loops

3.2.7 Write programs using While, Do and For loops

UNIT – IV

4.1.2 Discuss the method declaring arrays and subscripting in arrays

4.1.3 Discuss the method of inputting, processing, and outputting values of

array element

4.1.4 Write program for array processing

4.1.5 Write program for linear search and bubble sort

4.1.6 Discuss about multidimensional arrays

4.1.7 Write programs on multidimensional arrays, matrices manipulation

4.1.8 Discuss the declaration of character string

4.1.9 Discuss various string input and output functions – gets() and puts()

4.2.2 Compare user defined and library functions

4.2.3 Discuss the structure of a user defined function and its calling with or

without parameters

4.2.4 Define void function

4.2.5 Describe various library functions – sin (), cos.(),tan(),exp(), abs(),

log(),log10(), pow(), sqrt(), - strlen (), strcpy (), strcmp (), strcat ().

4.2.6 Write simple programs on functions and strings

UNIT – V

5.1.2 Define resolution

44

line(), circle(), rectangle(), outtexty()

5.1.4 Write programs based on graphics

5.2.2 Discuss the components required for a multimedia personal computer

5.2.3 Discuss the specification of an internet ready multimedia computer

5.2.4 Discuss the need for UPS

5.2.5 Define computer network

5.2.6 Define LAN, MAN, WAN

5.2.7 Discuss the concept of Server and client

5.2.8 Discuss Internet, modem, World Wide Web, website and web page, and

e-mail, e-governance, e-commerce, e-business

5.2.9 Explain Internet Browsers

5.2.10 Discuss the method of visiting a website

5.2.11 Discuss Computer virus and anti-virus programs

5.2.12 Define artificial Intelligence and discuss its application fields

CONTENT DETAILS

computers – analog, digital, hybrid Computers, Structure of a computer - Hardware and

Software components – Input unit, Output unit, ALU, Memory unit, Control unit, CPU,

Microprocessor, micro, mini, supercomputers – machine languages, assembly languages,

high level languages – system soft ware, application software – assembler, compiler,

operating system – Types of memory – primary memory, secondary memory, sequential

access , random access memory, RAM, ROM – magnetic tape, floppy, hard disc,

compact disc – input devices, out put devices.

Practical session on Electronic spread sheet and DBMS – EXEL, ACCESS

Steps in problem solving – Algorithm, Flowchart- Flow chart symbols- examples syntax,

semantics- types of high level languages – characteristics of high level languages - Types

of high level languages – Examples – Procedural and object oriented programming

languages

45

compound statements, Data types – Keyword and variables, assignment operators,

arithmetic operators, expressions, precedence of operators, order of evaluation –

relational and logical operators - Input /out put statements -– control sequences – escape

sequences – branching statements, if, if-else, switch – looping statements while, do, for

statements.

Arrays – declaration, processing, searching, sorting – linear search, bubble sort – multi

dimensional arrays- matrix manipulations, character strings, string declaration, input/out

put functions gets (), puts ()

argument passing, void functions – mathematical and string library functions – math.h,

stdio.h, string.h

C-Graphics – resolution – graphics functions – initgraph (), setcolor (), setbkcolor (),

putpixel (), Line (), circle (), rectangle (), out text (), outtextxy ()

specification, www-E-mail, internet browsing, computer virus, artificial intelligence.

REFERENCE BOOKS

1. Brian w. Kernigham and Dennys M. Ripchie : The ‘C’ programming Language, PHI

2. Hughes J. K. and Michton J. I. : A structured approach to Programming , Prentice Hall India.

3. Gottfried.B : Theory and problems Programming with C, Tata McGraw Hill.

4. E. Balaguruswamy Programming ANSI C, Tata McGraw Hill.

5. Robert A. Radcliffe: Encyclopedia C , BPB Publications

46

SUBJECT CODE : EE 101

PEIODS/WEEK :4

PERIODS/YEAR : 128

TIME SCHEDULE

Test 1 1

Test 2 1

Test 3 1

Test 4 1

Test 5 1

----------

Total 128

====

OBJECTIVES

UNIT I

1.1.2 State the laws of resistance

1.1.3 Define the terms, specific resistance, conductance and conductivity

1.1.4 Define temperature coefficient of resistance and mention the effect of

temperature on resistance

1.1.5 Solve problems on temperature co-efficiency of resistance and resistivity

1.1.6 State Ohm’s law as applied to electric circuits

1.1.7 Calculate unknown quantity in electric circuits by applying Ohm’s law

1.1.8 Compute the effective resistance of a given series, parallel and series - parallel

D.C. circuits

1.1.9 Determine the unknown value of voltage and current in any branch of series,

parallel and series parallel circuits

1.1.10 State Kirchoff’s law

1.1.11 Distinguish the sign conventions for voltage drop and e.m.f in a network

1.1.12 Calculate the unknown values in a network applying Kirchoff’s law

1.1.13 State the super position theorem Thevenin’s theorem, Norton’s theorems are

applied to electrical networks

47

1.1.14 Compute the unknown quantity in a network applying the above theorem

1.1.15 Distinguish between Electric power and energy in D.C. circuits

1.1.16 Solve problems on power and energy

UNIT II

2.1.0 Appreciate the phenomena associated with static electricity and magnetism

2.1.2 Define Absolute permittivity and relative permit in medium

2.1.3 Define the laws of Electrostatics

2.1.4 Define the terms electric field, electric field strength, electrostatic induction, flux

density

2.1.5 Differentiate between potential and potential difference

2.1.6 Derive the expression for potential point in the air

2.1.7 Illustrate the potential of a charged sphere

2.1.8 Explain equipotential surface

2.1.9 Define the term potential gradient, break down voltage and dielectric strength

2.1.10 Describe the idea of a capacitor

2.1.11 Relate capacitance, charge at P.D. of a capacitor

2.1.12 Derive the expression for capacitance of an isolated sphere

2.1.13 Describe spherical capacitor

2.1.14 Derive the capacitance of a parallel plate capacitor in an uniform dielectric

medium

2.1.15 Explain the idea of fixed capacitors and variable capacitors

2.1.16 Derive the expressions for capacitance of series and parallel connected capacitors

2.1.17 Derive the formula for energy stored in a capacitor

2.1.18 Solve problems on parallel plate capacitor Series – parallel connection of

capacitor and energy stored in a capacitor

2.1.19 Distinguish between primary and secondary cell

2.1.20 Mention different types of alkaline cell

2.1.21 Compare lead acid and alkaline cell

2.1.22 Describe the procedure for charging batteries

2.1.23 Distinguish between ampere bar efficiency and watt bar efficiency of a battery

2.1.24 State the maintenance procedure of storage batteries

2.1.25 State specification of batteries

2.1.26 Define the term absolute permeability and relative permeability of a medium

2.1.27 Explain the term field strength, magnetizing force, flux and flux density in

associated with magnetic circuits

2.1.28 Derive the relation between flux density and magnetizing force

2.1.29 Draw the B-H curve and identify the different region in the same

48

UNIT III

3.1.1 Derive an expression for the force produced by current carrying conductor

place in a magnetic field

3.1.2 Derive the expression for the force of a long conductor and long solenoid

3.1.3 Express the relation between m.m.f , flux and reluctance of a magnetic

circuit

3.1.4 Compute the ampere tons of a given electromagnet

3.1.5 Compare magnetic circuit and electric circuit

3.1.6 State Faraday’s laws of Electro magnetic induction

3.1.7 State Lenz’s law and Fleming’s right hand rule

3.1.8 Differentiate statically and dynamically induced e.m.f

3.1.9 Differentiate between self induced e.m.f and mutually induced e.m.f

3.1.10 Define self inductance and mutual inductance

3.1.11 Obtain the formula for co-efficient of coupling

3.1.12 Solve problems in electromagnetic induction

3.1.13 Derive the expression for energy stored in a magnetic circuit

3.2.2 Obtain the equation of sinusoidal voltage and current

3.2.3 Define cycle, frequency, time period, amplitude, average value, R.M.S

value, form factor and peak factor of alternating quantities

3.2.4 Describe the phase and phase difference of alternating voltage and current

3.2.5 Relate the frequency number of poles and speed of a basic A..C. generator

3.2.6 Compute the average and R.M.S value of voltage and current in respect of

sinusoidal wave form

3.2.7 Mention different forms of e.m.f equation

UNIT IV

4.1.2 Explain addition and subtraction of alternating quantities by vector method

4.1.3 Solve problem on above

4.1.4 Explain polar form, complex forms and trigonometric form of vectors

4.1.5 Convert the polar form into trigonometric and rectangular form and vice versa

4.1.6 Explain mathematical operation of vector quantities (addition, subtraction,

multiplication etc.)

4.1.7 Solve problems in complex algebraic

4.1.8 Categorize A.C through pure resistance, pure inductance and pure capacitance

using vector diagram

4.1.9 Solve problems on above

4.1.10 Solve RL, RC series circuits

49

4.1.11 Solve problems in RL, RC, circuits to determine XL, XC, Z , P.F and I.

4.1.12 Draw the phase diagram of RL, RC circuits

4.1.13 Differentiate apparent power, true power and reactive power in A.C circuits

4.1.14 Apply a factor of series A.C circuits

4.1.15 Describe the resonance condition in R-L-C circuits

4.1.16 Solve problems on R-L-C series circuits

4.1.17 Describe parallel A.C circuits

4.1.18 Compute the unknown quantity in parallel RLC combination by vector method

4.1.19 Describe resonance condition in RLC parallel circuit

4.1.20 Define a factor in parallel circuit

UNIT V

5.1.2 Describe the method of generation of ploy phase system (Detailed explanation

with wave forms & vector diagram)

5.1.3 State the advantages of ploy phase system

5.1.4 Describe phase sequence and numbering system in ploy phase system

5.1.5 Explain inter connection of ploy phase

5.1.6 Draw the phase diagram and derive the relation between the line and phase

quantities in star and delta connection

5.1.7 Calculate the power and power factor in a 3 phase system; using line and phase

system using line and phase quantities

5.1.8 Differentiate between KVA, KW and KVA reactive referred to A..C circuits

5.1.9 Identify the balanced and unbalanced loads in three phase system

5.1.10 Explain Y/A and A/Y conversion (Balanced)

5.1.11 Solve problems in balanced Y/A and A/Y conversion

5.1.12 Explain the 3 phase power measurement by single, three and two watt meters

(Balanced load)

5.1.13 Derive three phase power by two wattmeter with vector diagrams in star and

delta connection (Balanced load)

5.1.14 Solve problems in power measurement

CONTENT OUTLINE

Laws of resistance - Specific resistance - Conductance of conductivity - Effect of temperature on

Resistance - Temperature co-efficient problems.

D.C Circuits - Ohm’s law - Series, parallel, series - parallel circuits. Calculation of branch

currents and voltages.

Network Theorems - Kirchoff’ Laws, Super position theorem, Thevenin’s theorem, and

Norton’s theorem. Simple problems using the above theorems - Electric power and

energy in D.C. Circuits - Simple problems.

50

Static electricity - Absolute and relative permittivity of a medium, Dielectric consent - Laws of

electrostatics. Electric field, Field strength or field intensity, Electrostatic induction, Electric flux

density - potential and potential difference, Potential at a point, Potential of a charged sphere –

Equipotential surfaces - Potential gradient - Breakdown voltage and dielectric strength.

Capacitance

Capacitor and capacitance - Capacitance of an isolated Sphere - Spherical capacitor and parallel

plate capacitor - Variable capacitors - Capacitors in series and parallel - Energy stored in a

capacitor

Secondary cells

Primary and secondary cells - Comparison of lead acid and alkaline cells - initial charging and

commissioning of new batteries - charging methods. Calculation of ampere hour efficiency and

Watt hour efficiency

Care and maintenance of batteries -specification

Magnetism

Absolute and relative permeability, field strength, magnetizing force, flux and flux density.

Relation between flux density and magnetizing force, B.H. curve

Force on a current carrying conductor lying in a magnetic filed - Magnetizing force of long

straight conductor, long solenoid

Magnetic circuit

reluctivity. Comparison of magnetic of electric circuit - calculation of ampertum – problems.

Faradays laws of electromagnetic induction problems - direction of induced emf and current

(Flemings right hand rule, Lenz’s law) statically and dynamically induced e m f. Expression for

dynamically and statically induced emf. Self and mutual inductance – co-efficient of self and

mutual induction - coefficient of self and mutual induction - co efficient of coupling – problems.

Energy stored in magnetic field – problems.

A.C fundamentals

Generation of alternating voltage and current - equation of instantaneous values of voltage and

current. Simple and complex waveforms. Definition of (a) cycle (b) frequency (c) time period

(d) amplitude value (e) average value (f) R.M.S. Value (g) form factor and peak factor phase and

phase difference. Relation between f, p, n deviation of r.m.s and average value for sinusoidal

waveforms. Different forms of e.m.f equation

51

Vector representation of alternating quantities vector diagrams using r.m.s. Values. Addition and

subtraction of alternating quantities by vector method – problems. Mathematical representation

of vectors - polar form, complex form, trigonometric forms. Addition, subtraction, multiplication

& division of alternating quantities in above forms.

A.C Through resistance, inductance and capacitance - voltage, current, power, p.f impure

resistive, inductive, capacitive - circuits – problems. Series A.C circuits - AC through R and L,

R and C, R, L and C circuits – active, reactor and apparent power, Q factor. Resonance in R-L-C

circuits - problems in series circuits

Parallel A.C circuits - vectors or phase method, solving problems in R, L, C parallel

circuits - resonance in parallel circuit - Q factor

three phases, star and delta connection. Relation between phase and line voltages and

current in star and delta - derivation with phase diagram.

Simple problem. Derivation of expression for power in three-phase system in star and delta.

Calculation of power, current and power factor in a three phase balanced system. Balanced and

unbalanced three phase system (only principle).

Three-phase power measurements - single wattmeter, three-watt meter and two-watt meter

methods. Two-watt meter method of power measurement (balanced star and delta). Derivation

with vector diagram, problems.

52

SEMESTER III

Code Subject Practical/

Theory Tutorial Total Theory Practical Internal Total

EE301 5 1 6 75 25 100

Circuits

Electrical Material

EE302 5 1 6 75 25 100

Science

Electrical Measurements

EE303 5 1 6 75 25 100

& Measuring Instruments

Digital Electronics & Op-

EE304 5 5 75 25 100

amps

Electronic Devices &

EE305 3 3 75 25 100

Circuits Lab

Electrical Measurements

EE306 3 3 75 25 100

Lab

EE307 Digital Electronics Lab 3 3 75 25 100

Soft Skills Development

3 3

(ISAP *)

TOTAL 20 15 35 300 225 175 700

53

SUBJECT CODE : EE 301

PERIODS/WEEK : 6

PERIODS/SEMESTER : 80

TIME SCHEDULE

I Semiconductors 15

Test - I 2

IV Amplifiers 15

Test – II 2

Test - III 1

-------------

Total 80

=====

OBJECTIVES

UNIT - I

1.1.2. Distinguish between the intrinsic and extrinsic semiconductors

1.1.3. List the factors that determine the resistively of semiconductor materials

1.1.4. Understand the importance of doping

1.1.5. Study the properties of P type and N type semiconductors

1.1.6. Analyze the PN junctions

1.1.7. Explain the construction details of fixed resistors such as carbon film, metal film,

and wire wound resistors

1.1.8. List the applications of the above resistors

1.1.9. Know the colour coding of resistors

54

1.1.10. Explain the constructional details of variables resistors such as carbon and wire

wound types

1.1.11. List the applications of variable resistors

1.1.12. Explain the constructional details of capacitors such as paper, Mica, Ceramic

polyester, aluminium tantalum electrolytic capacitors gang capacitor

1.1.13. List the applications of different types of capacitors

1.1.14. Understand the properties and applications of Thermisters, Photo voltaic cell

photoconductive cell, LED LCD, LDR strain gauge.

UNIT - II

2.1.2. Explain term – drift current, diffusion current, depletion layer and, bias potential

2.1.3. Study behavior of PN junction – forward and reverse biasing

2.1.4. List out applications of diodes

2.1.5. Study behavior of Zener diodes –F.B and R.B characteristic – difference between

ordinary and Zener diode – applications

2.1.6. Explain the bipolar transistor as a two junction, three terminal device – two types of

current carriers

2.1.7. Study PNP and NPN transistors: - Current flow

2.1.8. Study in detail C.B. and C.E configuration – in put & out put characteristics & brief study

of CC configuration

2.1.9. Study amplification factor in all configurations and compare them

2.1.10. List out the applications of variable configurations

UNIT – III

3.1.2. Explain construction & operation of N and P channel JFET with characteristics

3.1.3. Advantage of JFET compared with BJT

3.1.4. List the applications of BJT

3.1.5. Study the operate of MOSFET and enhancement

3.1.6. Differentiate JFET and MOSFET

3.1.7. Explain construction and operation principles of Half wave top full wave and Bridge type

full wave rectifying circuits using diodes with wave forms

3.1.8. Define P.I.V, R.F, regulation and efficiency

3.1.9. Compare different types of rectifiers

3.1.10. Study different types filter circuits and wave forms of rectifiers using capacitor filters

3.1.11. Know clipping idea and clamping techniques

55

UNIT-IV

4.1.0. Amplifiers

4.1.2. Study transistor as an amplifiers- circuit diagram and working of CB C.E and common

collector amplifiers

4.1.3. Study need of a multi stage amplifier

4.1.4. Know different schemes of coupling

4.1.5. Explain R.C. coupled and transfer coupled amplifier

4.1.6. Study frequency response of R.C coupled and transformer coupled amplifiers

4.1.7. Define band width, lower and upper cut off frequencies and 3dB point

4.1.8. Difference between voltage and power amplifier

4.1.9. Know the importance of impedance matching in power amplifier

4.1.10. Explain operation of a single stage power amplifier

4.1.11. Explain Class A, Class B and Class C amplifiers

4.1.12. Compare the different class

4.1.13. Know about the push pull amplifier and its advantages

4.1.14. Explain the working of complimentary symmetry push pull amplifier

4.1.15. Know about feed back

4.1.16. Study the positive and negative feed back and derive the expression for gain

4.1.17. Study the use of negative feed back amplifier

UNIT – V

5.1.2. Explain principle of oscillators

5.1.3. State conditions of oscillation

5.1.4. Explain the operation of tuned collector, Hartley Colpits, R.C phase shift, Weinbridge &

crystal oscillations

5.1.5. List out the applications of the above oscillators

5.1.6. What are the different types of multivibrator circuits

5.1.7. Explain working of collector coupled, astable, monostable and Bistable multivibrator

circuits with wave forms

5.1.8. List applications of each

5.1.9. Explain the Schmidt trigger operations, meaning of UTP and LTP and applications of it

CONTENT DETAILS

UNIT - I

conductors - intrinsic and extrinsic semi conductor - Doping - variation of characteristics

due to doping - P type and N type materials - forward and reverse biasing

56

cells - photo voltaic cells - strain gauges – LCD – LED – VDR - LDR - Brief description

of principle of operation and materials used - merits of semiconductors.

Carbon film resistors - wire resistors - metal film resistors - applications of above

resistors in circuits - Colour coding of resistors - basic construction - details of variables -

resistors carbon and wire wound - applications of above, tolerances-temperature

coefficient.

aluminium and tantalum electrolytic capacitors - gang condenser, - applications of

capacitors, tolerances-temperature coefficient

UNIT – II

behaviour of PN junctions – F.B & R.B, Zener diode – F.B and R.B characteristics –

applications - Bipolar transistor – current carriers – PNP – NPN – current flows-

Common base - common emitter - common collector - configurations – Input and output

characteristics – Region of operations - amplification factors

UNIT - III

FET – constructions - N channel – P channel – characteristics - advantages –

disadvantages

MOSFET – enhancement N channel – applications – difference between JFET and

MOSFET

Half wave - full wave- Centre tap and bridge type – rectifiers using diodes – wave forms

- P.I.V – ripple factor – regulator – efficiency comparison – filters – different types

Clipping circuits – series – shunt – biased type – double clipper circuits

Clamping circuits – positive pole - negative pole and other level clamping circuits

UNIT-IV

amplifiers

Bandwidth – upper and lower cut off frequencies – 3dB point

Power amplifiers – Class A, B &C types – distortion in amplifiers – single ended

amplifier circuit – impedance matching - push pull amplifiers – advantage –

57

feedback - applications of feed back

UNIT - IV

Oscillators and Multi vibrators

Classifications of oscillators – condition for oscillations – tuned collector – Hartely –

Colpits – RC phase shift – Wein bridge – crystal oscillators - multi vibrator circuits -

astable – monostable – Bistable – multivibrator – triggering techniques- applications -

Schmitt trigger – UTP and LTP – Hysteresis – advantages and applications

REFERENCE BOOKS

2. Electronic circuits - Poornachandra

3. Basic electronics – Floyd

4. Basic electronics - B.L Theraja

5. Electronic devices and circuits - Sasikala

6. Introduction to Electronics by Gates - Delmar Thomson learning(4Th edition)

58

SUBJECT CODE : EE 302

PERIODS/WEEK :6

PERIODS/YEAR : 80

TIME SCHEDULE

1.2 Properties and Applications of Low Resistance Conducting 15

Materials

II 2.1 Properties and Applications of High Resistance Conducting 15

Materials

Test – I 2

III 3.1 Classifications Properties & Applications of Magnetic Materials

3.2 General Properties of Insulating Materials 15

used Insulating Materials

4.2 Solidifying Insulating Materials 15

Test – II 2

V 5.1 Rubber, Ceramics an other Insulating Materials 15

Test - III 1

-----------

Total 80

=====

59

OBJECTIVES

UNIT – I

1.1.2 Understand energy level diagram and classify materials as conducting, insulated

and semi conducting materials based on energy level concept

1.1.3 Analyse the properties of conductors (conductivity, tensile strength, ductility,

corrosion resistance, impurity content, solder ability, brittleness)

1.1.4 Distinguish the advantages and disadvantages of cold drawn and hard drawn

annealed copper conductors

1.1.5 Study the properties and uses of alloys of copper bronze, brass

1.1.6 Identify appropriate materials for the manufacture of bus bars, windings, wires

commutator segments

UNIT-II

2.1.0. Properties of Conducting Materials

2.1.2. Identify the commonly used trade names of given conductors

2.1.3. Specify the properties and uses of aluminum alloys

2.1.4. Understand the commonly used trade names of given conducting Mercury,

Tungsten, Molybdenum, Tantalum, Manganese, Nichrome, constantan, lead,

platinum, tin, zinc in electrical and electronic component manufacture

2.1.5. Identify the characteristics and application of bimetallic relays and thermocouple

2.1.6. State the requirement s of high resistivity conducting materials

2.1.7. State the properties and uses of carbon in electrical engineering

2.1.8. Identify the appropriate materials for the manufacture of lamp filaments

2.1.9. Appreciate the super conductivity phenomena

2.1.10. List the applications of super conductivity

2.1.11. List out the industrial applications of the above mentioned conductors

UNIT - III

Commonly used in Electrical Engineering

3.1.1 Identify the industrial electrical machine components manufactured using

electrical machine steel, grain oriented sheet steel, iron nickel alloys, ferrites, cast

iron, cast steel based on their magnetic properties

3.1.2 State the advantages of grain oriented sheet steel in transformer core construction

3.1.3 Differentiate the properties of soft magnetic materials and hard magnetic

materials

3.1.4 Identify the materials used in making permanent magnets

3.1.5 State the properties and applications of ferrite cores

3.1.6 Study the hysterisis loop of soft magnetic materials and hard magnetic materials

60

voltage, tensile strength resistance to heat, solubility hygroscopicity , co-efficient

of expansion, flash point, resistance to chemical action

UNIT - IV

4.1.1 Classify the insulating materials in different classes based on the temperature

limits

4.1.2. List the properties, shapes, industrial applications of different insulating materials

4.1.3. Describe the essential properties of transformer oil

4.1.4. Outline the method of testing and filtering of transformer oil superfying the range

of dielectric strength, break down voltage moisture content as per I. S

4.1.5. Describe the main solidifying insulating materials used in industry and their field

of applications

4.1.6. Describe the manufacturing process of insulating the wires

4.1.7. Appreciate the need of impregnation and vulcanization of insulating materials

4.1.8. Differentiate insulation materials and dielectrics

4.1.9. List the requirements of dielectrics

4.1.10. State the properties and advantages of SF6 as insulating materials

UNIT - V

5.1.2. List the properties, industrial applications of different types of rubber, Plastics, glass

ebonite, mica, marbles and slate

5.1.3. Identify the trade name of commonly used insulating materials in electrical systems

5.1.4. Describe the properties and electrical engineering applications of different types of wood

CONTENT DETAILS

UNIT – I

Valance electrons - concept of energy level - valance band - conduction and forbidden

band -Classifications of materials as conducting - semi conducting and insulating

materials based on energy level concept.

Conducting materials

impurities - effect of heat treatment - hard drawn annealed copper - effects of alloying -

alloys of copper , bronze ,brass - properties and their uses. Merits and demerits of copper-

Temperature co-efficient

61

UNIT-II

conductors – advantages and uses - Applications of aluminium in the field of electrical

engineering - Trade names of conductors used in power systems.

Tungsten, Platinum Molybdenum, Mercury, Tantalum, Manganese Nichrome lead – their

properties and uses - Uses of Bimetallic strip - fields of application - Principles of

Thermo couple materials - Thermo couples for different temperatures - Super

conductivity - Fields of applications

UNIT – III

Magnetic materials

Magnetization of Iron - B.H curve - Hysteresis loop - Eddy current loop - Hysteresis loop

of different magnetic materials - soft and hard magnetic materials -steel - Properties of

silicon steel - percentage of silicon content - Grain oriented steel - properties and

applications.

Insulating materials

Concept of relevant electrical,mechanical and thermal properties, with regard to

resistivity - coefficient of expansion - permittivity - dielectric strength - breakdown

voltage - tensile strength - resistance to heat ,solubility - hygroscopic property - resistance

to chemical actions.

UNIT – IV

Transformer oil – properties - dielectric strength - testing transformer oil for dielectric

strength - wire for winding - types of insulation - coating materials for wires - coating of

synthetic resins - super enamel cotton silk etc.

Common solidifying insulating materials resins – Nitrocellulose- Poly vinyl Chloride

(PVC) – polyethylene - nylon - cross linked Polymer - drying oils - waxes - paraffin -

in, varnishes - properties of each and field of application - vacuum and pressure

impregnation - coating and adhering - Insulation compound -bituminous compound -

cable compounds

Examples of each class

62

UNIT - V

Other Materials

Rubber - advantages and disadvantages - areas of applications - vulcanization of rubber -

its advantages- ebonite properties and its applications

Mica – Slates - marble properties and use

Porcelain - Manufacture of porcelain materials - general properties - glazing tunnel over -

uses - pin and suspension - type of insulators - field of applications - refracting materials

Timber – paper - hard board - capacitor paper - Mica paper - leatheroid paper - Adhesive

tapes - varnished cloth – asbestos – fiber - glass properties and field of applications

REFERENCE BOOKS

S.Thiruvengadam

2.Electrical Engg. Materials - A.J. Decker

3.Basic electronics and linear circuits - N.N Bhangara

63

& MEASURING INSTRUMENTS

SUBJECT CODE : EE 303

PERIODS/WEEK : 6

PERIODS/YEAR : 80

TIME SCHEDULE

Test – I 2

III Measurement of Resistance, Inductance 15

IV Commercial Measurement 15

Test - II 2

V CRO and Transducers 15

Test - III 1

-----------

Total 80

======

OBJECTIVES

UNIT – I

measurement

1.1.2 Explain the mechanism of production of deflecting, controlling and damping

torque.

1.1.3 State the effect of control and damping forces on measuring instruments

1.1.4 Study the constructional details of permanent magnet moving coil instrument

with necessary sketches

1.1.5 Study the construction of moving iron type (Both attraction and repulsion type)

instrument

1.1.6 Understand the dynamometer type voltmeters and ammeters

1.1.7 Sketch and explain rectifier type voltmeter and ammeter

1.1.8 Identify the appropriate type of instruments for AC/DC measurement

1.1.9 Design the M.C and M.I instrument to measure currents and voltage using shunt

and multipliers

1.1.10 State the applications of M.I, M.C and rectifier type instruments

1.1.11 Identify the instrument from dial markings

1.1.12 Explain the general sources of error in measuring instrument and suggest

remedies to reduce them.

1.1.13 Know the use of multi range instrument

1.1.14 Understand the connection of CTs and PTs

1.1.15 Understand clip on meters, Rectifier type clip on meters

64

UNIT - II

2.1.1 Sketch the dynamometer type wattmeter and explain its principle of operation

2.1.2 Identify the errors in dynamometer type wattmeter.

2.1.3 Know the effect of pressure coil inductance on wattmeter measurement.

2.1.4 Explain the correction factor and understand the theory of compensated

wattmeter.

2.1.5 Distinguish between the various L.P.F meters based on application.

2.1.6 Understand multiplication factor of wattmeter.

2.1.7 Sketch the constructional details of 1 phase induction type energy meter.

2.1.8 Explain the principle of operation of induction type energy meter.

2.1.9 Describe the method of reducing the error due to p.f and friction.

2.1.10 Explain the effect of creeping and suggest remedies for its compensation.

2.1.11 Draw the sketches of 3-phase energy meter (2 element and 3 element types).

2.1.12 Explain the procedure with circuit diagram the calibration of energy meter using

standard wattmeter and stopwatch.

2.1.13 Explain phantom loading.

2.1.14 Explain calibration of energy meter by phantom loading with circuit diagram.

2.1.15 Know the connection diagram of CTs and PTs in association with wattmeter and

energy meter.

UNIT – III

3.1.0 Study the various methods of measuring Resistance, Inductance and Capacitance

3.1.1 Study the potentiometer methods for low resistance measurement

3.1.2 Explain the importance of soldered connections in low resistance measurement

3.1.3 Explain the wheat stone’s bridge and slide wire bridge for measurement of

medium resistance measurement

3.1.4 Draw the sketch of insulation megger

3.1.5 Describe the working principle of megger

3.1.6 Explain measurement of insulation resistance using megger

3.1.7 Know the range of earth resistance at different electrical installations like major

power station, substation domestic installation

3.1.8 Understand the procedure of measurement of earth resistance by fall of potential

method

3.1.9 Measure earth resistance by 4 electrode earth tester

3.1.10 Know the methods of locating cable fault

3.1.11 Understand the method of locating faults by potential drop method

3.1.12 Understand the principle of AC bridge

3.1.13 Understand the procedure of measurement of resistance inductance and

capacitance by LCR bridge

3.1.14 Understand the weins bridge for measurement of frequency

3.1.15 Understand the Max well’s bridge for measurement of inductance

3.1.16 Understand the Schering’s bridge for measurement of capacitance

65

UNIT – IV

Commercial instruments

4.1.0 Study the various types of commercial instruments

4.1.1 Know classifications of frequency meter

4.1.2 Describe the working principle of Reed type and indicating type frequency meter

4.1.3 Understand the single phase and 3 phase dynamometer type p.f meter

4.1.4 Describe the briefly the connections of synchroscope and phase sequence

indicator

4.1.5 Understand the principle and working of analog type multimeter

4.1.6 Understand the digital multimeter

4.1.7 Know the applications of multimeter

4.1.8 Understand the digital frequency meter

4.1.9 Explain digital volt meter

4.1.10 Describe the principle and operation of maximum demand indicator

4.1.11 Understand the TOD meter

4.1.12 Understand the Digital single phase and 3 phase energy meter

4.1.13 Measure power factor using digital phase meter

4.1.14 Understand the digital watt meter

UNIT - V

5.1.1 Study the working principle of CRO

5.1.2 Sketch the CRT

5.1.3 Explain working of CRT

5.1.4 Understand the block diagram of CRO

5.1.5 List the applications of CRO

5.1.6 Understand the measurement of Voltage,Current,Frequency,Time, phase and

phase angle by using CRO

5.1.7 Study of wave forms in CRO

5.1.8 Explain the transducers

5.1.9 Know the different classifications of transducers

5.1.10 Understand the measurement of physical quantities

5.1.11 Sketch and describe

1. Strain gauge

2. Semi conductor strain gauge

3. LVDT

4. Capacitance transducer

5. Borden tube

6. Diaphragm and Bellows

5.1.12 Describe the piezoelectric effect and piezoelectric transducers

5.1.13 Study the resistance transducers using resistance wire and potentiometer

5.1.14 Understand the applications of transducers

66

CONTENT DETAILS

UNIT – 1

of secondary instruments – indicating, integrating and recording type - Essentials of

indicating instruments – deflecting - controlling and damping torque - Constructional

details and working principle of permanent magnet moving coil and moving iron type

(both attraction and repulsion type) instruments - Working principle of dynamometer -

voltmeter and ammeter - Rectifier type instruments – voltmeter - ammeter

Extension of range – use of shunts and multiplier problems – multi range instruments –

use of C.T and P.T clipon meters – rectifier type - clip on meters - general errors in

instruments and their remedy -identification of instruments - form dial markings

UNIT – II

Construction and working principle of dynamometer type wattmeter – errors – and their

remedy- correction factor – compensated wattmeter – low power factor wattmeter –

multiplication factor - Constructions and working of single phase induction type energy

meter – errors – their remedy – poly phase energy meters – 3 element and 2 element 3

phase energy meter – calibration of energy meter by direct loading and phantom loading

– wattmeter and energy meter connections using CT and PT

UNIT – III

Measurement of R, L, C

Classifications of resistance – low, medium and high - Measurement of low resistance by

potentiometer method - measurement of medium resistance by wheat stone bridge and

slide Wire Bridge

Measurement of high resistance – insulation resistance by megger – working principle

and construction details of megger

Measurement of earth resistance by fall of potential method and 4-electrode earth tester

Localization of cable fault – measurement of R-L-C by LCR methods – potential drop

method

inductance bridge – Max well’s inductance capacitance bridge – measurement of

capacitance – Schering’s bridge – wein’s bridge -problems

67

UNIT – IV

Commercial Instruments

Measurement of frequency – construction and working of vibrating reed type and

indicating type frequency meters (Resonant type)

Measurement of power factor – Construction & working of pf meters-single-phase and 3

phase dynamometer type – working principle and diagram synchroscope and phase

sequence indicator

Multimeter analogue and digital frequency meters – digital voltmeters- Ramp type -

integrating type - Principle of Maximum demand indicators - TOD meter - Electronic

Energy meter – single phase and 3 phase – digital phase meter – digital watt meter

UNIT – V

CRO – CRT - block diagram – applications of CRO - Observation of waveforms

Measurement of voltage – current – frequency - time period - phase and phase angle

commonly used transducers – strain gauges – semiconductor strain gauges – LVDT –

capacitance transducers – piezoelectric transducers – sketch - description and field of

applications

REFERENCE BOOKS

2.Electrical measurements & measuring Instruments - N.V.Surya Narayana

3.Electrical measurements - Goldiy & Widdis

4. Electrical measurements - J.B Gupta

5.Electronics and Instrumentation – B.R.Gupta

6.Electriconic measurements - Cooper

68

SUBJECT CODE : EE 304

PERIODS/WEEK : 5

PERIODS/SEMESTER : 80

OBJECTIVES

TIME SCHEDULE

II Combination Circuits 15

Test - I 2

III Sequential Logics 15

IV Operational amplifies 15

Test - II 2

V Application of Operational amplifies 15

Test - III 1

-------------

Total 80

=====

OBJECTIVES

UNIT – I

1.1.1. Know binary and Hexa decimal, numbers systems

1.1.2. Convert decimal, hexadecimal to binary and vice verse

1.1.3. Study binary addition, subtraction, multiplications and divisions and study BCD code

1.1.4. Know 1’s and 2’s compliment and subtraction using compliment

1.1.5. Know about logic gates

1.1.6. Study truth table of AND, OR, NOT, NAND, NOR, and EX-OR gates

1.1.7. Know about TTL, ECL and CMOS facilities

1.1.8. Compare logic families

UNIT – II

2.1.1. Understand Boolean algebra, NAND and NOR gates

2.1.2. Study DeMorgans theorem

2.1.3. Study half adder & full adder circuit

2.1.4. Know multiplexing and de multiplexing

2.1.5. Differentiate the combination logic devices and sequential logic device

2.1.6. Give examples for sequential logic device

2.1.7. Study operation of basic flip flop circuit and clocked flip flop

2.1.8. Study of SR, clocked SR, master slave SR,JKmaster slave JK and D flip flop

69

UNIT-III

3.1.0. Sequential logics

3.1.1. Know the different types of shift registers

3.1.2. Study the serial parallel data transfer

3.1.3. Give a typical shift register using JK flip flop

3.1.4. Understand the operation of a Up-down counter

3.1.5. Know the JK flip flop set up as a counter with input & out put wave forms

3.1.6. Study the asynchronous counter and synchronous counter

3.1.7. Explain binary counter and BCD decade counter

3.1.8. Study decoding a counter

3.1.9. Explain analog to digital conversion ad vice versa

UNIT – IV

4.1.0. Introduction to Operational amplifies

4.1.1. Understand working of op-amp

4.1.2. Draw and explain the block diagram of general purpose opamp

4.1.3. Define electrical characteristics of op-amp

4.1.4. State the characteristics of ideal op-amp

4.1.5. Explain the op-amp circuits –inverting –non inverting ,difference , summing

amplifiers, integrator, differentiator

UNIT – V

5.1.0. Application of op-amp

5.1.2. Use of op-amp for zero crossing detector, level detector, window detector and

Schmitt trigger

5.1.3. Understand the working principle of instrumentation amplifier and log amplifier

5.1.4. Comprehend op-amp based A/D and D/A converter, Voltage to Current and

Current to Voltage converters

5.1.5. Explain voltage to frequency and frequency to voltage converters

5.1.6. State the working principle of half wave and full wave precision rectifiers

CONTENT DETAILS

UNIT - I

Digital Circuits

Digital circuits – Number system - Binary – Hexadecimal conversions – BCD – Binary addition-

subtraction – multiplication and division - 1’s and 2’s compliment – usage for subtraction

Logic gates: - basic gates – symbol – equationy – truth table – AND, OR, NOT – EXOR gate

universal gate – NAND & NOR

Logic families – TTL, ECL, CMOS, - advantages & disadvantages – comparison

70

UNIT-II

Combinational circuits

Half adder and full adder circuits – half and full substracter-Multiplexing and Demultiplexing

Encoder-decoder

UNIT – III

Sequential logic circuits

Sequential combinational logic circuits – flip flop – clocked flip flop – SR, master /slave

SR, JK master /slave JK and D flip flops

Counters – synchronous and asynchronous – BCD and decade counter

Shift registers – types – ADC and DAC.

UNIT – IV

Introduction to Operational amplifies

Block diagram of general purpose op-amp–detailed explanation of each block–

Differential amplifier–Op-amp symbol- package type- pin identifications –parameters of

op-amp – concept of virtual ground –Input offset voltage, input offset current, input bias

current, output offset voltage, CMRR, slew rate etc –Characteristics of ideal and actual

op-amp –Op-amp circuits- inverting amplifier, non-inverting amplifier, voltage follower,

comparator, difference amplifier, summing amplifier, integrators, differentiators.

UNIT – V

Application of op-amp

Zero crossing detector, positive and negative voltage level detector – Schmitt trigger, window

detector, logarithmic amplifier, antilog amplifier, Instrumentation amplifier –Voltage to current

converter, Current to voltage converter, voltage to frequency and frequency to voltage converter,

A to D and D to A converter, Flash ADC- Half wave and full wave precision Rectifier –

Advantages

REFERENCE BOOKS

2. Digital Electronics - Tocci

3. Fundamentals of Digital Electronics-Floyd

71

SUBJECT CODE : EE 305

PERIODS/WEEK :3

PERIODS/SEMESTER : 48

LIST OF EXPERIMENTS

1. Measure the value of resister using Ohm-meter/Multimeter and compare with color code

value

2. Identification of terminals and testing of different diodes and transistor

3. Study the diode characteristics-forward and reverse.

4. Study the characteristics of zener diode.

5. Construct a half wave, full wave and Bridge rectifier circuit using semiconductor diode

(without filter) Plot the regulation characteristics. Determine percentage regulation and

ripple factor. Observe the input and output wave forms in a CRO

6. Plot the input and output characteristics for a transistor in common emitter configuration

7. Plot the input and output characteristics for a transistor in common base configuration

Determine the input resistance and current amplification factor in each case.

8. Plot the V-I characteristics for a JFET (a) Drain current /source drain voltage. (b) Drain

current/source gate voltage. Determine the drain resistance, transconductance and

amplification factor

9. Draw the characteristics of UJT. Determine intrinsic stand of ratio.

10. Plot the V-I characteristic of S.C.R Determinations of break over voltage and holding

current

11. Construct a single stage transistor amplifier using NPN or PNP transistor. Measure

voltage gain at 1 kHz. Plot the frequency response characteristics and calculate its

Bandwidth.

12. Construct a Hartley oscillator. Measure the frequency of oscillation. Observe the

waveform.

13. Construct a RC phase shift oscillator circuits. Determine frequency of oscillation.

Observe the waveform.

14. Observe and plot the wave shapes of

1. RC Differentiating Circuit

2. RC integrating circuit – using Op Amp

Observe the effect of RC time constant of the circuit on the output wave forms

15. Construct biased and unbiased series and shunt clipping of a sine wave using switching

diodes and Dc sources

16. Set up a transistor Astable Multivibrator circuit. Plot the waveforms of collector and

base. Determine its frequency of oscillation.

17. Set up a transistor Monostable Multivibrator circuit. Plot the wave forms at each collector

and base for a given trigger signal. Measure its pulse width and time period.

18. Observe the wave shapes and measure voltages of a simple single phase SCR invertor

circuit.

72

SUBJECT CODE : EE 306

PERIODS/WEEK : 3

PERIODS/SEMESTER : 48

CONTENT DETAILS

current, voltage, and power (Not for examination)

2. Calibration of ammeter/voltmeter using slidewire potentiometer

3. Measure the low and medium resistance by volt – ampere method

4. Verify Kickoff’s laws, superposition theorem, and Thevenin’s theorem in DC circuit

5. Measure single phase power by a) 3 Volt meter method b) 3 Ammeter method

6. Draw the circuit for measuring single phase power using wattmeter

7. Measure inductance and power factor of an inductive coil

8. Measure power and power factor of three phase loads by two watt meter method

9. Draw the circuit to calibrate watt meter by direct loading at unity power factor

10. Calibrate watt meter by phantom loading at a) unity p.f b) 0.866 p.f ( c) 0.5 pf

11. Calibrate energy meter by direct loading at unity power factor

12. Calibrate energy meter by phantom loading at ( a) unity p.f (b) 0.866 p f ( c) 0.5 p f

13. Calibration of energy meter using Rotation SubStandard meter.

14. Polarity test and turns ratio of transformer

15. B-H curve of a magnetic specimen

16. Measurement of low voltage A C and D C voltage using CRO

73

SUBJECT CODE : EE 307

PERIODS/WEEK :3

PERIODS/SEMESTER : 48

LIST OF EXPERIMENTS

2. Logic gates-1 AND,OR,NOT(using IC’s)

3. Logic gates-1 NAND,NOR,XOR(using IC’s)

4. Half adder , substracter using logic gates

5. Full adder, substracter using logic gates

6. Verification of truth tables for RS,D,T and JK and master slave JK flip flops

7. Verification of counter ( IC’s like 7490,7492,7493,74C93,74160)

8. Verification of shift register (IC’s like 74104,74185,74C164,7495,74194)etc

9. Construct and test a 3 digit decade counter using IC’s

10. Construct a circuit & transfer of data between 4 bit registers using common bus line(use

IC’S 74173,74126)

11. Construct a comparator circuit for 7485 and verify the truth table

12. Construct and verify the working SA type A/D Converter

13. Construct and verify the working of R-2R D/A Converter

14. Verify the working of multiplexer

15. Verify the working of de-multiplexer

16. Implement a given Boolean function using mux

74

SUBJECT CODE :

PERIODS/WEEK :3

PERIODS/SEMESTER : 48

(In general, wherever it is not indicated, one period each from any three subjects in

third and fourth semesters is to be set apart for ISAP.)

DEVELOPMENT

Introduction

The average Engineer walking out of education institution is surprised by the amount of

non-technical work he or she faces in the real world(by the amount of personal contact,

the number of phone calls, meetings, reports and presentation etc). Further many cannot

find appropriate jobs, because of the lack of these skills. The problem aggravates in the

case of diploma pass outs who are supposed to have interactions with different cadres in

an industrial environment.

The time allotted for ISAP skills development are to be utilized to provide a slice of

practical training in a form that may be used in a class room setting. This is not to be

taught in a conventional manner. Here the emphasis will shift from teacher oriented

methods to students oriented methods. While the information – skills acquired by all

students will be same, the actual methods & techniques used by each student will vary

according to his or her initiative, enthusiasm, effort taken etc.

These hours are to be taken as a supplement to the theory classes. Students will acquire

ISAP skills based on the fundamental knowledge he/she has acquired from the theory

sessions.

Objectives

Educational researchers have found that 17 year olds, in a single academic year, learn

about 200 to 300 new words, in a university environment. However, during the same

period they acquire around 4000 words in their informal home and play environment.

That is learning is higher in an informal environment than in an academic one designed

specifically for that purpose. The primary objective here is to simulate the informal

learning environment.

essential for the professional growth. This will inculcate information skills in the

students. These skills will be a life long asset to him or her in fact they grow with age.

75

Oral and written communication skills are of at most importance to any engineer for a

positive professional growth. Emphasis is given for this aspect also.

Activities

A. PART ONE.

Write articles on various technical areas and basic research papers. Students can identify

simple projects individually or groups of not more than 4 any technical area. Emphasis

here is on the acquisition of ISAP skills.

Source of Information

a. People

b. Print media – Magazines, News papers, Journals, Vendors catalogues etc.

c. Electronic information – CD ROM, Usage of internet – User news groups,

WWW.

B. PART TWO

1. Preparation

1.1 Audience Analysis.

1.2 Information Gathering.

1.3 Transparency design using Power Point/Presentation software.

1.4 Production of transparency for OHP.

2. Delivery

Sample Projects

1. Prepare and deliver transparency based presentations on the topics,

a. Technicians are not properly appreciated in the society.

b. Engineers do not know about non technical topics.

c. Lay people do not know enough about technical topics.

d. India’s products are not competitive in international markets as its quality

is not good.

e. India’s software professionals are paid too much.

2. Prepare transparency based presentation for the opposite side of the issue you

choose in project 1.

3. Prepare and deliver a brief autobiographical presentation.

4. Prepare and deliver a sales promotional presentation (Example – Washing

machine, Computer , Air conditioner, Microwave oven or other items related to

your branch of study)

76

Insurance Policy, Credit cards etc)

6. Prepare and deliver a technical presentation before lay audience (Example – Use

of computers to common man, energy saving measures in a domestic environment

or other topics related to specific branches of study)

Written Communication

Preparation of

a. Reports

Formal reports

Progress reports

Feasibility Reports

Laboratory reports.

b. Technical Proposals.

c. Email.

d. User manuals

e. Job Hunting material

Resumes

Letters for job hunting

f. Business letters

g. Memo, Notices, Agenda and minutes

Oral Communication

Oral communication activities like,

a. Dyadic communication (Interaction between two persons, example Telephone

conversation)

b. Meetings.

c. Job interview.

d. Group Discussions.

e. Debates.

f. Case studies.

EVALUATION

There is no separate evaluation for ISAP skills. But the teachers will consider this for the

award of internal assessment marks related to the theory subjects in that semester. The

performance of the student will be taken equivalent to an Assignment and an

Examination while awarding the internal assessment marks.

-- --

77

SEMESTER IV

Code Subject Practical/

Theory Total Theory Practical Internal Total

Tutorial

Hydraulics & Prime

EE401 5 1 6 75 25 100

movers

Generation,Transmission

EE402 5 1 6 75 25 100

& Distribution

EE403 DC Machines 5 1 6 75 25 100

EE404 5 5 75 25 100

Applications

Electrical Workshop

EE405 3 3 75 25 100

Practice

ISAP 3

78

SUBJECT CODE : EE 401

PERIODS/ WEEK : 6

PERIODS/ YEAR : 80

TIME SCHEDULE

Test-I 2

III I.C. Engines 15

Test-II 2

V Water Turbines and Pumps 15

Test-III 1

------------

Total 80

======

OBJECTIVES

UNIT – I

1.1.2 Calculate the absolute pressure from the given gauge pressure

1.1.3 Explain the method of measuring pressure using peizometer

1.1.4 Define peizometer

1.1.5 List different types of manometers

1.1.6 Calculate the pressure difference between two pipe line running full

1.1.7 Calculate the pressure inside a pipe line running full using a U tube manometer

and inverted U tube manometer

1.1.8 Define the differential manometer

1.1.9 Calculate the pressure difference between two points of a pipe line which is

running full

1.1.10 Derive the formulae to find the pressure on a horizontal plane surface immersed

in a liquid

1.1.11 Calculate the pressure on a horizontal and inclined plane surface

1.1.12 Know the types of flow of fluids

1.1.13 List the types of flow

1.1.14 Define uniform flow, non uniform flow, stream line flow, turbulent flow, steady

flow and a unsteady flow

1.1.15 Comprehend the energy in fluid motion

1.1.16 Define the datum head, pressure head and velocity head

79

1.1.18 State Bernoulli’s theorem

1.1.19 Prove Bernoulli’s equation

1.1.20 List the limitations of Bernoulli’s theorem

1.1.21 Give the applications of Bernoulli’s theorem

1.1.22 Explain the constructional details of venturi meter

1.1.23 Explain the importance of pitot tube

1.1.24 Calculate the discharge through the venturimeter

1.1.25 Calculate the discharge through the venturimeter

UNIT – II

2.1.2 Classify major loss and minor losses

2.1.3 Calculate the loss of head at entrance, due to sudden enlargement, due to sudden

contraction and loss of head at exit

2.1.4 Explain Chezy’s and Darcy’s formula

2.1.5 Calculate the loss of head due to friction in pipes using Chezy’s and Darcy’s

formula

2.1.6 Explain Hydraulic gradient line and total energy line

2.1.7 Calculate the discharge through parallel pipes and branched pipes connected to a

reservoir

2.1.8 Explain the flow through siphon pipe

2.1.9 Calculate the velocity of water flow through nozzle at the end of a pipe line

2.1.10 Calculate the diameter of nozzle for maximum power

2.1.11 Explain the water hammer and its effects

2.1.12 Define laminar flow and turbulent flow

2.1.13 Explain the critical velocity and Reynolds’s number

2.1.14 Calculate the flow through orifice meter

2.1.15 Explain the uses of orifice meter and water meter

UNIT – III

3.1.2 Define I.C engines

3.1.3 Classify the I.C Engines such as spark ignition and compression ignition

engines.

3.1.4 Explain with the line diagram the parts and functions of petrol and diesel engines

3.1.5 Explain with line diagram the working principle of a two stroke and four stroke

petrol and diesel engines.

3.1.6 Compare the two stroke and four stroke engines

3.1.7 Explain with diagram the fuel systems of diesel engine like diesel filter, pump

injector

3.1.8 Explain the cooling and lubricating system of diesel engine

3.1.9 Explain the speed load relation

3.1.10 Explain the methods of starting a generator by a diesel engine

3.1.11 Explain the specifications of a diesel engine

80

UNIT – IV

4.1.2 Classify the steam boilers such as fire tube boilers and water tube boilers

4.1.3 Explain with the neat sketch the working of a Babcock and Wilcox boiler

4.1.4 Compare fire tube and water tube boilers

4.1.5 Explain the modern high pressure boilers ex-lament boilers

4.1.6 Know the working of steam turbines

4.1.7 Explain the working principle of steam turbines

4.1.8 Classify the steam turbines

4.1.9 Explain the working of impulse and reaction turbines

4.1.10 Explain the different types of turbines used in different power stations

4.1.11 Explain the speed range and working pressure of steam turbines

UNIT – V

5.1.2 Explain the impulse turbines and reaction turbines

5.1.3 Explain the waterpower, Break power and overall efficiency

5.1.4 Explain with the sketch the working of Pelton wheel

5.1.5 Explain the working of inward and outward flow reactions turbine

5.1.6 Describe the working of Francis and Kaplan turbine

5.1.7 Explain the speed Vs load characteristics

5.1.8 Explain the speed control of Impulse and Reaction turbines such as spear

valve regulation, guide vane and deflectors

5.1.9 Explain specific speed of turbines

5.1.10 Give the importance of specific speed on selection of turbines

CONTENT DETAILS

UNIT – I

Atmospheric pressure - gauge pressure and absolute pressure peizometer – Manometer – U tube –

Inverted U tube- Differential manometer – Pressure on plane surface immersed in liquid -

horizontal and inclined plane surface

Flow of Fluids

Types of flow – uniform flow - non-uniform flow - streamline flow – turbulent flow - steady and

unsteady flow.

81

Datum head - pressure head - velocity head – total energy of fluid in motion – Bernoulli’s

theorem - proof and limitations – practical application of Bernoulli’s theorem – pitot tube –

venturimeter description and use

UNIT - II

Major and minor losses – Loss of head at entrance - due to sudden enlargement - due to sudden

contractions - Loss of head at exit of pipe – Frictional loss in a pipe.

Chezy’s and Darcy’s formula – Hydraulic gradient and total energy line - Discharge through

parallel pipes connected to reservoir - flow through syphon pipe – Hydraulic transmission of

power – flow through nozzle at the end of the pipe line – diameter of nozzle for maximum HP -

Water Hammer and its effect (description only) – Laminar and turbulent flow – critical velocity

measurement of fluid flow using venturimeter – orifice meter and water meter

UNIT – III

I. C. Engines

and working with simple line sketches of two stroke petrol and diesel engine – four stroke petrol

and diesel engine – Comparison of 2 stroke and 4 stroke engines – systems of diesel engines –

fuel system diesel -filter – pump - injection cooling and lubrication system – speed load relation-

speed control – Governors – range capacity of diesel engines - Commercially available to run

generators – specification of diesel generator sets.

UNIT – IV

Steam Boilers

Functions – classifications – fire tube and water tube – water tube boilers – Babcock and Wilcox

– modern high pressure boilers – Brief explanation with line sketches – steam turbines –

advantages over steam engine – types – working principles of impulse and reaction turbines (use

line sketches)

Speed range of working pressure - speed and capacity of different types of turbines used in

thermal power stations

UNIT – V

Water Turbines

Classifications of turbines – impulse and reaction turbines – water power - break power - overall

efficiency – Pelton wheel - description of working – Reactions turbines – working principles

inward and outward flow -Francis turbine and Kaplan turbines – speed load characteristics –

82

Regulation of water turbines – Governors - needle valves - guide vanes and deflectors – specific

speed - Choice of turbine based on specific speed.

Pumps

reciprocating pumps -centrifugal pumps - Description of parts – whirl chamber- volute

chamber and diffuser - least starting speed- characteristics curves - prime mover foot

valve - Multistage pumps- propeller- jet - Airlift and deep well pumps - Application of

pumps

REFERENCE BOOKS

2. Hydraulics & hydraulic Machines-Jagad lal.

3. Fluid mechanics & Machines-Modi & Sethi.

4. Hydraulics & hydraulic Machines-NITTTR Chennai

5. Thermal Engineering -R.S.Khurmi

83

DISTRIBUTION

SUBJECT CODE : EE 402

PERIODS /WEEK :6

PERIODS/SEMESTER : 80

TIME SCHEDULE

I Generation 15

Test – I 2

Test – II 2

V Distribution systems 15

Test - III 1

-----------

Total 80

======

OBJECTIVES

UNIT – I

1.1.1 Know the different sources of energy and method of generation of energy

1.1.2 Draw and explain the general layout of Hydro electric power stations

showing Dam, Reservoir, surge tank, penstocks etc

1.1.3 Compare low head, medium head and high head hydro-electric power

stations

1.1.4 Estimate the available energy from a hydroelectric power station using

available rain fall and head of water

1.1.5 Draw the block diagram and working of gas power station

1.1.6 Draw the block diagram and layout of steam power station and explain

1.1.7 Explain the functions of main accessories in a steam power station

1.1.8 Draw the block diagram and layout of Diesel power station and explain

84

1.1.9 Specify the factors for choice of site of various power plants

1.1.10 Prepare the layout of nuclear power plant and explain the function of each

component

UNIT - II

2.1.2. Mention the different items classified under the running cost

2.1.3. Define daily load factor and annual load factor

2.1.4. Define demand factor and diversity factor

2.1.5. Explain the terms, installed capacity, peak load, base load, connected load

etc

2.1.6. Define the terms demands, maximum demand., average demand etc

2.1.7. Understand the effect of load factor and diversity factor on cost of

generation

2.1.8. Compute the overall cost/unit of Generation Explain the term tariff related

electric supply system

2.1.9. Compare cost of generation and choice of site for different power stations

(steam, hydro, diesel and atomic power stations) assuming typical over all

efficiency

2.1.10. Study of different types of tariff – flat rate, block rate two part tariff

2.1.11. Solve problems in tariff

2.1.12. Appreciate the necessity of power factor improvement in supply systems

and mention various methods of p.f Improvement

2.1.13. Determine the KVAR ratings of capacitors for power factor improvement

in 1 phase and 3 phase loads

2.1.14. Solve problems in p.f improvement

UNIT - III

3.1.1. State clearly the effect of voltage on the design of transmission line

3.1.2. Obtain the most economical transmission voltage

3.1.3. Appreciate the advantage of DC transmission system

3.1.4. Understand the various transmissions line constants R, L and C.

3.1.5. Define skin effect

3.1.6. State the formula finding capacitance and inductance of round and parallel

conductors, single phase and three phase symmetrical and transposed

spacing

3.1.7. State the necessity of transposition of conductors in overhead transmission

lines

3.1.8. Solve simple problems related to line constants

3.1.9. Classify the transmission lines based on length of transmission as short,

medium and long transmission lines

85

3.1.11. Apply the transmission line contains and determine the regulation and

efficiency and p.f of short transmission line, given the load conditions at

the receiving end

3.1.12. Define corona and ferranti effect in the transmission line

UNIT - IV

4.1.0 Understand the various types of cables & sag in transmission lines

4.1.2. Describe the construction and general features with figures of the multi

core belted type, screentype, pressure cables oil filled cable, XLPE cables

4.1.3. List out the advantages of pressure cables

4.1.4. Write down the specifications of U.G cables used for high voltage

transmission

4.1.5. Explain the routine maintenance and test to be conducted in the cable

installation

4.1.6. Laying of underground cables

4.1.7. Explain the term sag in transmission line

4.1.8. Derive the simple expression for finding sag

4.1.9. State the various effects of ice and wind in sag calculation

4.1.10. Solve simple problems in sag with supports at same level and at different

level

4.1.11. Describe the functions of vibration dampers

4.1.12. Distinguish between the O.H systems and U.G systems of transmission

4.1.13. State the advantages and disadvantages of U.G systems

4.1.14. Advantages of HVAC

UNIT - V

5.1.2. Classify the different types of insulator – pin, disc and strain

5.1.3. Compare the various types of insulators and list out the advantages

5.1.4. Define the expression for string efficiency (upto 3 disc)

5.1.5. Derive string efficiency

5.1.6. Solve simple problem on string efficiency

5.1.7. State the necessity of guarding rings arcing horns

5.1.8. Describe the necessity of insulator testing

5.1.9. Explain the flash over, performance and routine test as per I.S code

5.1.10. Compare DC two wire system with DC three wire systems

5.1.11. Compare DC two wire system with AC single phase and three phase

systems

5.1.12. Define feeders, distributors and service mains

86

5.1.14. Study DC distribution calculations

5.1.15. Study AC distribution calculations

CONTENT DETAILS

UNIT - I

Introduction

Sources of energy – Conventional– layout and working of Hydro – electric power

stations - thermal power station - Nuclear power station - gas based power station and

diesel power stations

Estimations of available energy from Hydro electric power stations -

Choice of site for power stations - Comparison of cost of different power stations

UNIT - II

Economics of Power

cost of generation– fixed and running cost – interest –depreciation - total annual cost

Maximum demand - average demand and load factor (daily and annual) - diversity factor

of generation - effect of load factor and diversity factor on cost of generation – total

generating cost per kWh-problems

Tariff - types of tariff - problems

Power Factor improvement – necessity of determination of KVAR - rating of capacitors

for the power factor improvement for 1 and 3 phase loads – Problems

UNIT - III

Transmission of electrical energy – different systems of transmission and circuit -

conductor size in AC systems - Choice of voltage - Principles and advantages of DC

transmission system -Transmission line constants - Inductance and capacitance of round

and parallel conductors 1) single phase 2) three phase with symmetrically spaced

conductors

Transposition of conductors and its necessity - inductances - capacitance of transposed

lines (formula only) – Problems - Performance of transmission lines – definition of short,

medium and long lines - lumped and distributed parameters – Equivalent circuit and

vector diagram of short transmission lines for different power factor - conditions at

receiving end – calculations of sending end voltage and power factor - Regulation and

transmission efficiency from receiving end conditions- Problems - Skin effect in ACSR

conductors – corona in transmission lines – Ferranti effect .

87

UNIT - IV

advantages of Underground cables – classifications of cables used for different operating

voltage - General construction of cables - multi core cables – belted type, screen type and

lead sheath type – oil filled cables and gas pressure cables – construction and advantage

of pressure cable - XLPE cable – specifications of cables Factors affecting routing –

Routine tests on cables-laying of cables

Sag in transmission lines and expression for sag effect of ice coating and wind –

Problems in sag with supports at the same level and supports at different levels -

vibrations dampers

-OH and UG lines- HVAC- Advantages of High voltage transmission

UNIT - V

Insulators – types of insulators - advantages of each type – voltage distribution across

insulator string -Definition of string - efficiency – use of guard ring and arc horns –

testing of insulators - flash over -Comparison between DC and AC distribution systems

General arrangement of an AC distribution system –

Problems in DC ,AC distribution systems-fed at one end and both ends.

REFERENCE BOOKS

2. Principles of power systems - V.K. Mehta

3. Principles of power systems - Sony,Gupta,Bhatnagar

88

SUBJECT CODE : EE 403

PERIODS/WEEK :6

PERIOS/YEAR :80

TIME SCHEDULE

Test - I 2

IV Performance of DC motors 15

Test – II 2

Test - III 1

------------

Total 80

======

89

OBJECTIVES

UNIT – I

1.1.2. Study the EMF generation in a coil

1.1.3. Explain Production of torque

1.1.4. Study the Elementary concepts of electrical machines

1.1.5. Study the Common features of electrical machines

1.1.6. Classify the Types of rotating electrical machines

1.1.7. Study the MMF and Flux distribution

1.1.8. Explain Power losses and efficiemcy

1.1.9. Study the Ventilation and cooling

UNIT – II

2.1.1 Constructional details of DC generators

2.1.2 State the reasons for using specific materials for each part

2.1.3 Types of generators

2.1.4 Derive the e.m.f equations of a D.C generators

2.1.5 Solve problems using e.m.f equation

2.1.6 Distinguish between terminal voltage and induced e.m.f in load condition

2.1.7 Armature windings

UNIT - III

3.1.2. Commutation in DC generators

3.1.3. Study the methods of improving commutation using 1. Interlope 2. Carbon

brushes

3.1.4. Study the necessity of compensating winding

3.1.5. Study the necessity of equalizer connections

3.1.6. Enumerate the reasons of shunt generator failing to build up of voltage and

suggest rectification

3.1.7. Draw the characteristics of shunt, series and compound generators

3.1.8. Describe critical field resistance and critical speed

3.1.9. Parallel operation and load sharing

3.1.10. Applications of dc generators

90

UNIT - IV

4.1.1 Working principle of DC motors

4.1.2 Classify the D.C motor based on field connection

4.1.3 Explain the back e.m.f and derive speed and torque equation

4.1.4 Solve problems using torque and speed equation

4.1.5 Draw the characteristics relating to armature, current, torque and speed for

series shunt and compound motors

4.1.6 Describe the factors and methods of speed control of D.C motors

4.1.7 State the necessity of starters

4.1.8 Types of starters

UNIT - V

5.1.1. State the losses in D.C., machines

5.1.2. Explain the procedure with sketches to determine the efficiency of D.C

shunt motor

5.1.3. State the advantages and disadvantages of swinburne’s test

5.1.4. Complete the condition for maximum efficiency

5.1.5. State the application of D.C. series, shunt and compound motor

5.1.6. Explain the construction and working of permanent magnet D.C motor

5.1.7. State the advantages and disadvantages of permanent magnet D.C motor

5.1.8. Study the performance and speed control of permanent magnet D.C motor

5.1.9. Study the construction and working of low inertia D.C motors

5.1.10. State the advantages and disadvantage of low inertia D.C. motors

5.1.1 State the applications of permanent magnet D.C motor and low inertia

D.C. ,motors

CONTENT DETAILS

UNIT – I

Basic concepts of rotating electrical machines

Basic electro magnetic laws-EMF generation in a rotating electrical machine-

Physical concepts of production of torque-Elementary concepts of electrical machines-

Common features of rotating electrical machines-Types of rotating electrical machines-

MMF and Flux distribution in DC and AC machine-Voltages in DC and AC machines-

Torque balance-Power losses and efficiemcy-Methods of Ventillation and cooling of

machines.

91

UNIT – II

details – commutator assembly

e.m.f equation and problems- Classifications of generators based on method of

excitations – separately excited and self-excited types –shunt - series and compound

generators - relation between terminal voltage and induced e.m.f on load – Problems

Armature windings-drum winding.lap winding,wave winding,equalizer connections

UNIT – III

method of improving commutations interpole – compensating windings

Generator characteristics – O.C.C – external and internal characteristics of shunt, series

and compound generators - Critical field resistance and critical speed – conditions of

excitations - uses of D.C. generators

UNIT – IV

Motor principle – back emf - Voltage equation of a motor - torque equation – problems -

Types of motor shunt, series and compound motors - Motor characteristics –

torque/armature current - speed/armature current - speed /torque for D.C shunt series and

compound motors - derive the equation of compound motors

Factors controlling motor speed – field control and armature control - methods of shunt -

Series and compound motors

Starting of D.C. motors – necessity of starters – Types of starters-two point- three point

and four point starters

UNIT – V

loading - swineburne test - advantages and disadvantages - efficiency of machine -

working motor and generator –Constructions – working – peformances – speed control –

advantages, disadvantages and applications of Permanent Magnet D.C. motor – low

inertia D.C motors

92

REFERENCE BOOKS

2. Electric drives – N.K. De and P.K. Son

3. Electrical Machinery & Transformers - Irving.L.Kosow

4. Theory and performance of Electrical Machines- J.B.Gupta

93

SUBJECT CODE : EE 404

PERIODS/WEEK : 6

PERIODS/SEMESTER : 80

TIME SCHEDULE

I. Microcontroller architecture 15

Test – I 2

III Micro Controller Programming 15

Test – II 2

V Micro Controller applications 15

Test – III 1

---------

Total 80

=====

OBJECTIVES

UNIT – I

1.1.2. Explain features of micro controllers

1.1.3. Describe 8051 architecture

1.1.4. Explain register structure of 8031

1.1.5. Explain special function register 8051

1.1.6. Describe internal & external memory of 8051

94

UNIT – II

2.1.2. Explain counters & timers in 8051

2.1.3. Explain serial input/output of 8051

2.1.4. Explain interrupt in 8051

2.1.5. Explain timing diagram

2.1.6. Describe modes of operation

UNIT – III

3.1.2 Explain logical operation

3.1.3 Describe arithmetic operations

3.1.4 Describe Jump and call instructions

3.1.5 Describe timing & subroutines

3.1.6 Explain look up tables

3.1.7 Describe serial data transmission

UNIT IV

4.1.2 Describe 8255 PPI

4.1.3 Describe 8259 PIC

4.1.4 Describe 8279, key board/display interface

4.1.5 Describe 8251 USART

4.1.6 Describe 8253 timer/counter

4.1.7 Describe 8237 DMA controller

UNIT – V

5.1.1. Describe application in keyboard

5.1.2. Explain application in displays

5.1.3. Explain application in pulse measurement

5.1.4. Describe application in D/A & A/D converters

5.1.5. Describe application in stepper motor control

5.1.6. Describe application in DC motor control

5.1.7. Explain serial data communication using micro controller

95

CONTENT DETAILS

UNIT – I:

Introduction to micro controllers – Main features of micro controllers – Micro controller

family – 8051 architecture – register structure – special function register – Internal

memory – External memory

UNIT – II:

Input/output pins, ports, and controls – Counters and Timers – Serial data Input/Output –

Interrupts – timing diagram – modes of operation.

UNIT – III:

Instruction set of 8051 – Addressing modes – Data transfer – Logical operations –

Arithmetic operations – Jump and Call instructions – Timing subroutines – Look up

tables – Serial Data Transmission-Simple programs

UNIT IV:

Study of peripheral chips – 8255 programmable peripheral interface – 8279 key board/display

interface – 8251 USART – 8253 Timer/Counter – Functional block diagram,interfacing etc.

UNIT – V:

Applications of micro controllers – keyboard – displays – pulse measurement – D/A and A/D

converters – stepper motor control – DC motor controller – Serial data communication.

REFERENCE BOOKS

(5thEdition) Ramesh S.Gaonkar

2. The 8051 Micro controller and embedded systems - Mazidi and Mazidi

3. The 8051 Micro controller - Kenneth. J. Ayala

96

SUBJECT CODE : EE 405

PERIODS/WEEK : 3

PERIODS/YEAR : 80

TOPICS

Study on Specification of Wires and Trade Names, Use of wire gauge,

types of wiring, soldering practice. Identifications of components – color

coding

1. Unsheathing Wire baring and bending ears of solid wires

2. Soldering of thimbles to stranded wires

3. Crimping of Thimbles

4. Wire-jointing

4.1 Straight married joint

4.2 T-joint

4.3 Western Union joint

4.4 Britannia joint

4.5 Twist sleeve joint

PART - II: Wiring Practice

Wire Up the following Circuits in Conduit System

1.Two or more lamps connected in series and controlled by means of one switch

2.Two lamps controlled by two switches independently from two different points

3.Series parallel control of two lamps using Two – way switches

4.One lamp controlled by two switches from two different points

5.Two lamps controlled independently with a independent plug as per rules

6.Hospital wring

7. Three or more lamps in go-down system of wiring

8.Single phase circuits with cut outs, energy meter, main switch, fuses and

distribution board with MCB, ELCB

9.To make a main distribution board with four out going circuits for light and fan

loads including main switch and fuses (only internal connections to be made).

10.To make an extension board with two 5 A sockets and one 15 A socket

controlled by their respective switches. Also to provide a fuse and an indicator.

11 To make a series test lamp board and to use it for finding out simple electrical

faults.

12 Testing of domestic wiring circuits with the help of Meggar.

13. Measure the earth resistance and resistivity

..

97

SUBJECT CODE : EE 406

PERIODS/WEEK : 3

PERIODS/YEAR : 48

CONTENT DETAILS

1. Study of DC machines

2. Identification of DC Machines from name plate

3. Study of DC motor starters

4. Measure the armature & field resistance of DC machines

5. Draw the O.C C of D.C shunt generator at rated speed. Determination of critical field

resistance and maximum EMF induced on open circuit at rated speed. Derivation of

O.C.C and critical field resistance at different speeds

6. Draw the O.C.C of separately excited generator, and to determine the critical field

resistance at rated speed

7. Plot the external characteristics of D.C series generator

8. Draw the external and internal characteristic of D.C shunt generator

9. Draw the external characteristics of D.C compound generator

(a) Cumulative field connections

(b) Different field connections

10. Conduct Load test on dc shunt motor

11. Perform Load test on dc series motor

12. Conduct Load test on dc compound motor

13. No. load test ( swinburne’s Test) on a D.C shunt motor and pre-determine the

efficiency of the machine under the following working conditions

(a) Machine working as a generator delivering a specified kW output

(b) Machine working as a motor delivering specified kW out put

14. Perform Load Text on Motor generator set &Determination of over all efficiency of

the set

15. Draw the speed control characteristics (speed Vs %F.L characteristics) of a D.C shunt

motor on load with constant field circuit resistance and variable values of armature

circuit resistance (Arm. control)

16. Plot the speed control characteristics of D.C shunt motor (field control)

98

SUBJECT CODE : EE 407

PERIODS/WEEK : 3

PERIODS/SEMESTER : 48

CONTENT DETAILS

1. Familiarization of 8051 Micro controller Kit and writing and executing a sample program

Programs for the following in the kit and test

2. Multiplication of two numbers

3. Finding the maximum value in an array

4. Ascending order / Descending order.

5. BCD to Hex conversion

6. Hex to BCD conversion

7. Binary to ASCII

8. ASCII to Binary

9. Program using I/Os in port 1

10. Counter using timer

11. Program using interrupt

Interfacing with application boards

13. Matrix keyboard

14. Seven segment displays

15. LCD Displays

16. Traffic light

17. 8 bit ADC and 8 bit DAC

18. Stepper motor control

19. DC motor control

20. Sending data through serial port of controller and receiving data from PC

99

SEMESTER V

Code Subject Practical/

Theory Total Theory Practical Internal Total

Tutorial

EE502 5 1 6 75 25 100

EE504 5 1 6 75 25 100

Costing

EE505 3 3 75 25 100

Lab -1

PLC Lab

Electrical Maintenance 3 3 75 25 100

EE507

Lab

Project*/Seminar 2 2

• *Project work to be started in fifth semester

100

SUBJECT CODE : EE 501

PERIODS/WEEK :6

PERIODS/SEMESTER : 80

TIME SCHEDULE

I Transformer Principles

15

II Testing of transformers 15

Test - I 2

III Special purpose Transformers. 15

Test – II 2

V Speed Control of Induction Motor 15

Test - III 2

------------

Total 80

======

OBJECTIVES

UNIT - I

1.1.1. State the working principles of transformer

1.1.2. Describe the constructional details and classification of transformers

1.1.3. Identify the materials for core

1.1.4. Study the different types of insulation used

1.1.5. Sketch the identify 1 phase and 3 phase transformer

1.1.6.Derive the e.m.f equation of transformer

1.1.7. Compute the unknown quantities applying e.m.f equation

1.1.8. Identify the two components of no –load current

1.1.9. Represent the flux , e.m.f no load current and its components in a vector diagram

1.1.10.Differentiate between the mutual flux and leakage flux along with their magnetic path

1.1.11.Explain the primary and secondary leakage reactance

101

1.1.12. Draw the vector diagram under load condition, under different power factor

1.1.13. Understand the equivalent impedance resistance and reactance referred to primary and

secondary

1.1.14. Solve the problems on e.m.f equations and equivalent impedance reactance and resistance

1.1.15. Identify the losses in a transformers

1.1.16. Draw and analyze approximate equivalent circuit

1.1.17. Derive an expression for the approximate voltage drop

1.1.18. Define voltage regulation

1.1.19. Define percentage resistance, reactance and impedance drop

1.1.20. Compute the percentage regulation of given load condition and transformer parameter

1.1.21. Define per unit values of resistance reactance and impedance

1.1.22. Enumerate the losses

1.1.23. Obtain the condition of maximum efficiency and determine the corresponding load

UNIT - II

2.1.1. Understand the procedure for polarity and ratio test

2.1.2. Compute regulation and efficiency from data obtained from O.C and S.C test on

transformer

2.1.3. Calculate huge voltage regulation and efficiency from predetermined data obtained from

O.C and S.C

2.1.4. Obtain the equivalent circuit parameters from O.C and S.C test data and draw the

equivalent circuit

2.1.5. Describe the procedure of direct load test on 1 phase transformer, determine efficiency

and regulation

2.1.6. Understand the applications of three-phase transformer and method of connections

2.1.7. Sketch and explain open delta connection

2.1.8. Distinguish between the power transformer and distribution transformer

2.1.9. Understand the need of territory winding

2.1.10. Define the term All day efficiency and compute All day efficiency from given data with

reference to distribution transformer

UNIT - III

3.1.1. Draw the constructional details of auto transformers

3.1.2. Differentiating between 2 winding and single wining transformers based on power

transferred by induction and conduction

3.1.3. Compute the amount of copper saving in an auto transformer an compared to a 2 winding

transformer of the save capacity and voltage ratio

3.1.4. State the applications of auto transformer

3.1.5. Identify the advantages and disadvantages of auto transformer over 2 winding

transformer

3.1.6. State the need for voltage control by tap changing systems

3.1.7. Identify the principle and methods o f tap changing

3.1.8. State the applications of OFF load and ON load tap changing based on principle of

operations

3.1.9. Relate the temperature raise and losses in a transformer

3.1.10. List out the various methods of cooling transformers as per ISI standard

3.1.11. Draw the details of different types of cooling system

3.1.12. Understand the principle of current transformer

102

3.1.14. State the practical applications of C.T

3.1.15. Precautions for C.T connections

3.1.16. Principle of P.T.

3.1.17. Specifications and applications of P.T

UNIT - IV

4.1.1. Know the parts of an induction motor and the materials used for each part.

4.1.2. Bring out the differences in construction between a squiral cage and slipping Induction

motor

4.1.3. Enlist the advantages of skewing of rotor conductors in squirrel cage rotor.

4.1.4. Explain how 3 phases current produce rotating magnetic field

4.1.5. Derive an equation for the magnitudes of resultant magnetic field

4.1.6. State how rotor on applying a 3 phase voltage to the stator winding

4.1.7. Define slip

4.1.8. Find the rotor frequency and rotor emf under running conditions.

4.1.9. Understand the variation of rotor reactance and rotor power factor under running

conditions

4.2.0. Understand Three Phase Induction Motor Power and Torque

4.2.1. Understand the analogy between induction motor and transformer

4.2.2. Draw the equivalent circuit diagram of induction motor

4.2.3. Calcutate the electrical load equivalent to the mechanical load on the motor, from the

equivalent circuit.

4.2.4. Find out the equivalent circuit parameters by conducting no load and blocked rotor test

4.2.5. Derive Torque Equation

4.2.6. Defined torque in synchronous watts

4.2.7. Derive the condition for maximum torque

4.2.8. Find out the value of maximum torque

4.2.9. Derive torque – slip characteristic form torque equation

4.2.10. Explain the effect of rotor resistance on torque –slip characteristic curve

4.2.11. Find the ratio of starting Torque to Tmax

4.2.12. Find out the ratio of Tmax to T-full load.

4.2.13. Solve problems on Torque equation.

4.2.14. Understand the effect of voltage on induction motor operation

4.2.15. Power stages of induction motor

4.2.16. Losses and efficiency

UNIT - V

5.1.0. Understand the Circle diagram, Starting and Speed Control of Induction Motor

5.1.1. Study to construct circle diagram by conducting no load test and blocked rotor test.

5.1.2. Interpret the performance of 3-phase induction motor from circles diagram.

5.1.3. Develop performance characteristics from circle diagram

5.1.4. Measurement of slip

5.1.5. Study the necessity of starters

5.1.6. List out the various methods of starting and induction motor

5.1.7. Explain each method with the help of circuit diagram

5.1.8. Compare the starting Torque with full load torque from each method

5.1.9. Understand the need of Speed control

103

5.1.11. Describe the speed control of induction motor by changing stator frequency

5.1.12. Understand the methods of speed control using rotor rheostat method

5.1.13. Equivalent circuit of double cage induction motors

5.1.14. Application of induction motors

5.1.15. Design a small induction motor( D & L only)

CONTENT DETAILS

UNIT – I

Transformer Principles.

Principle – advantages - construction and classification - core- shell, radial types - core materials

– grain oriented silicon steel - insulation - different types of insulation - construction of single

phase transformer- three phase transformer - explosion vent - breather - conservator tank etc. -

emf equation - transformation ratio - step up and step down transformers

Transformer on no load - Vector diagram - component of no load current - no load parameters

and no load losses - Transformer on load - difference between leakage flux and mutual flux -

Primary and secondary leakage reactance - transformer constants on load.

Vector diagram of transfomer on load with different power factors - equivalent impedance as

referred to primary and secondary.

Simple problems on determination of primary current losses - secondary current and efficiency

based on approximate equivalent circuit - determination of approximate voltage drop – exact

voltage drop – equivalent circuit

Voltage regulation- definition – percentage – regulation - percentage impedance - permit values

of resistance - reactance and impedance - Problems - losses and efficiency - condition of

maximum efficiency - KVA output at maximum efficiency - Problems

UNIT – II

Testing of Transformers

Polarity tests - Ratio tests - open circuit test - short circuit test - load test on single-phase

transformer as BIS code of practice - Determination of transformer – parameters such as

percentage resistance, percentage reactance and percentage impedance - Predetermination of

efficiency and regulation at various loads and power factors

Three phase transformer- connection - methods of connection - vector group - specific areas of

applications - Open delta connection - Distinction between power transformer and distribution

transformer - tertiary winding and its use- Define the term al day efficiency and compute All day

efficiency from given data with reference to distribution transformer-problems.

UNIT – III

Auto transformers – constructions - saving of copper fields of applications - advantage and

disadvantages over two winding transformers - necessity of tap changing - OFF LOAD tap

changing system and ON LOAD tap changing - Automatic tap changing systems

Necessity of cooling - classification of transformer based on method of cooling - Method of

cooling described with sketches

104

specifications - uses of C .T - Applications of C.T in current and power measurements - class of

accuracy of CT & PT

applications - precautions in the use of P.T

UNIT – IV

Principles of Induction Motor

Three phase induction motor - Principle of operation - production of rotating magnetic filed in a

three-phase induction motor – speed of rotating magnetic field

Constructional details of squirrel cage and phase wound motors TEFC/Flame proof - construction

of Induction motors – skewing of rotor conductors in squirrel cage motor – advantages

Slip and frequency of rotor currents - Relation between rotor emf and stator emf - Resistance and

reactance of rotor - Stand still rotor reactance - Rotor power factor

Analogy between Induction Motor and transformer- exact and approximate equivalent circuit -

Relationship between rotor input, rotor, copper loss and rotor output power transfer form stator to

rotor-Problems

Torque equation of induction motor – relationship between torque and rotor resistance - Torque

slip characteristics – torque in synchronous watts and Newton meters - Relation of full load

torque to stand still torque - Effect of voltage on Induction motor operation - maximum torque

and condition for maximum torque-power flow diagram-losses & efficiency-problems

UNIT - V

No load and blocked rotor tests - determination of equivalent circuit- relation of circle diagram of

induction motor form simplified equivalent circuit - power scale and determination performance

characteristics using circle diagram at various loads – problems –measurement of slip-

Starting of induction motors – necessity of starters for squirrel cage and slip ring induction

motors – Improving starting torque in cage and phase wound motors.

Speed control of induction motors – pole change - Change of stator frequency, rotor resistance

control.

Single phase induction motors: - Principle of operation - Revolving double field theory – split

phase shaded pole – repulsion – start - capacitor start - capacitor run motor - field of application

of each type.

Design of diameter and length of induction motor( formula only)

REFERENCE BOOKS

6. Electric drives – N.K. De and P.K. Son

7. Electrical Machinery & Transformers - Irving.L.Kosow

8. Electrical Machines - Smarajit Ghosh

9. Synchronous induction & special machines - Sheila.C.Haran

105

SUBJECT CODE : EE 502

PERIODS/WEEK : 6

PERIODS/SEMESTER : 80

TIME SCHEDULE

II Circuit breakers 15

Test - I 2

IV Protection 15

Test - II 2

V Earthing&Lightning arresters 15

Test – III 1

Total 80

OBJECTIVES

UNIT - I

1.1.0 Understand Short Circuit Current Calculations, Sources of Short Circuit, Fuses

1.1.2 Know the elementary idea of synchronous, transient and sub transient reactants

1.1.3 Know the different types of current limiting reactors

1.1.4 Understand the calculations of fault current in power system

1.1.5 Understand fuse and fusing element

1.1.6 Define terms such as fusing current, rated current of fuse element, fusing factor

,factors affecting current carrying capacity of fuse elements

1.1.7 Know the prospective and cut off currents pre arcing time arcing time and

operating time of fuses inverse current characteristics etc

1.1.8 Know the classifications of fuses

106

1.1.10 Know the selection of HRC fuses

1.1.11 State the advantages of fuse

UNIT - II

2.1.2. Terms associated with circuit breaking

2.1.3. Classification of circuit breakers

2.1.4. Describe working principle of oil CB

2.1.5. Explain the Air Blast Circuit Breaker

2.1.6. Explain the principle and operation of SF6 circuit breakers

2.1.7. Explain the principle and operation of air circuit breakers

2.1.8. Explain the principle and operation of vacuum circuit breakers and compare it with other

types

2.1.9. Testing of circuit breakers

UNIT – III

3.1.1.state the basic requirements of protective relaying

3.1.2.Explain the primary and Back up protection

3.1.3.study the typical time current characteristics

3.1.4.Explain the principles of involved in obtaining

(a) Inverse time characteristic

(b) Inverse definite minimum time lag

(c) Different time settings

3.1.5.Classify the relay based on

(i) Construction and principles of operation and

(ii) Time of operation Sketch the circuit diagram showing the relay connection to

the tripping circuit

3.1.6.Describe the principles of operation of the following relays with a neat sketch

(a) Attracted armature type

(b) Solenoid plunger type

3.1.7. State the applications of the above relays

3.1.8. Describe the construction and principle of operation of an induction type over current relay

3.1.9.Calculate the actual operating time given the ratios of CT Current multiplier

settings, time multiplier setting and the fault current

3.1.10.Explain the principle of obtaining directional property to over current relay

3.1.11.Explain the construction principle and operation of distance relay (with a sketch).

3.1.12.Sketch the characteristic of impedance relay

UNIT – IV

4.1.0. PROTECTON

4.1.2 Explain the protection of Transformers

107

4.1.4 Explain the various protection of transmission lines

4.1.5 Explain the causes of transient and over voltage

4.1.6 Know the apparatus used in power stations and sub stations

4.1.7 Understand the protection by ground wires

4.1.8 Lightning and safety

UNIT - V

5.1.2 Mechanism of lightning phenomena

5.1.3 Causes of over voltage

5.1.4 Lightning strokes

5.1.5 Protection against lightning

5.1.6 Lightning arresters-operation and types

5.1.7 Power system earthing-objectives

5.1.8 Effects of electric current on human body

5.1.9 Soil resistivity and measurement

5.1.10 Grounding resistance

5.1.11 Neutral earthing

CONTENT DETAILS

UNIT – I

Faults in power system – calculation of fault current – sources of fault - limitations of fault

current - percentage and per unit reactance – base KVA - Synchronous - transient and sub

transient reactants - Symmetrical fault calculations - Problems - Reactors – use of reactors –

construction of unshielded and magnetically shielded types – location of reactors (generator,

feeder and bus bar reactors)-related problems.

Fuses – fusing element – rated current of fuse element - fusing factor - factors affecting current

carrying capacity of fuse elements - Prospective current of a circuit- cut off – pre-arcing time -

arcing time and operating time of fuses - Inverse current characteristics – classification of fuses -

Description of expulsion and cartridge fuses-Drop out fuse – characteristic of HRC fuses - Cut off

current and time current - characteristics of HRC fuses - Rupturing capacity - selection of HRC

fuse - advantages and disadvantages of HRC fuses -problems

UNIT – II

Circuit breakers

Circuit breakers – functions – fault clearing process - trip circuit – classification based on arc

quenching process – high resistance and current zero - arc extinguish - idea of arc voltage -

recovery voltage – restriking voltage - current chopping - switching – principles and applications

Oil circuit breakers – working principle – classification of circuit breakers Air blast – circuit

breaker – advantages – principles with simple sketches – vacuum circuit breaker - principles with

simple sketches – air circuit breaker –SF6 circuit breakers-circuit breaker advantages – working

with simple sketch - Selections and specification of circuit breakers - circuit breaker ratings -

108

breaking capacity and making capacity - short time current rating and rated voltage normal

current rating-testing of circuit breakers

UNIT – III

Relays

Protective relays- importance of protective relays – primary and back up protection - properties of

relays – Inverse time definite minimum time properties - Current setting time - setting and

tripping time - Classification of relays - electromagnetic relays - induction relays - Construction

and working of attracted armature type electromagnetic relay - directional and non- directional -

induction over current relays - Static relays- functional circuits - brief description with block

diagram - Electronic time delay – relay using transistors- microprossesor based digital relays

UNIT - IV

Protection

Protection of alternators – differential protection against internal faults - Principle and schematic

diagram and working - Protection against loss of excitation –over load ,over voltage,overspeed

protection- motoring-rotor fault protection-vibration, bearing protection-back up protection-

Principle and necessity of field suppression.-Protection of ac motors.

Protection of transformers – differential protection – schematic diagram - working - current

transformer connections in star and delta – safety devices of the transformers - Buchholz relay –

brief description and working

Bus bar protection-arrangement-bus-zone fault-back up protection-differential over current

protection

Protection of transmission lines – over current,overload and earth fault-time graded –current

graded-pilot wires protection-protection of radial and ring system by graded time lag protection -

Protection of parallel feeders

UNIT-V

Surges – causes of transient- over voltage- mechanism of lightning phenomena-lightning strokes-

-Lightning arresters- thyrite lightning arrestor – surge absorbers –-rod gap, sphere gap, horn gap,

multiple gap arresters-testing of arresters

Earthing-effects on human body-soil resistivity and measurement-earthing mat-size of earthing

conductor

Power stations – substations and electrical apparatus protection by ground wire – Neutral

grounding – comparison of Earthed and isolated three phase systems - Types of grounding -

description of solid - resistance and reactance earthing of neutral – earthing transformers-sub

station earthing

REFERENCE BOOKS

2. Principles of Power System - V.K. Mehta

3.Utilisation of Electrical Energy - N.V.Surya Narayana

4.Switch gear & Protection - J.B.Gupta

5.Principle of Switch gear & Protection - Sunil S Rao

109

SUBJECT CODE : EE 503

PERIODS/WEEK : 6

PERIODS/SEMESTER : 80

TIME SCHEDULE

Test - I 2

Test - II 2

IV Control systems 15

Test - III 2

----------

Total 80

=====

OBJECTIVES

UNIT – I

1.1.0. Power control devices

1.1.1. Study the symbols operation of diac, triac and IGBT

1.1.2. Study constructional feature of thyristor

1.1.3. Understand its transistor analogy

1.1.4. Study the characteristics

1.1.5. Understand the terms, holding current, latching current gate, triggering current,

turn on time and turn off time

1.1.6. Study different methods of turning on of SCR resistance triggering, voltage

triggering, dv/dt triggering and gate triggering

1.1.7. Study natural commutation, forced commutation and gate turn off method to turn

off SCR

1.1.8. Study phase control with wave forms in half and full wave control circuit

1.1.9. Study the single phase half wave, full wave and bridge converters

1.1.10. Study 3 phase bridge connector operation

110

UNIT – II

2.1.2. Study the chopper control techniques

2.1.3. Know variable frequency and frequency control

2.1.4. Study types of cycles converters

2.1.5. Know the principle of operation with wave forms

2.1.6. List the requirements of inverters

2.1.7. Study the single phase series inverters

2.1.8. Study the single phase parallel inverter

2.1.9. Study the 3 phase forced commuted bridge inverter

UNIT – III

3.1.1. Study the speed control of DC series motor using diac & SCR

3.1.2. Study the chopper control unit wave forms

3.1.3. Study the speed control by controlling armature voltage using SCR and diac

3.1.4. List the various methods of speed control of A.C induction motors

3.1.5. Study the speed control by starter voltage control methods

3.1.6. Study the variable voltage frequency control method

3.1.7. Study speed control of slip inductor motor by chopper control (Rotor on – off

control)

UNIT – IV

4.1.1. Laplace transforms

4.1.2. Know the open loop and closed loop system

4.1.3. Study basic control systems

4.1.4. Understand the servo mechanism

4.1.5. Study positioning servo system using control synchros

4.1.6. Study the operation of a synchronous control system for remote indication

4.1.7. Study the closed loop control system for 3 phase induction motors

4.1.8. Study the phase locked loop (PLL) control of a dc motor and its applications

UNIT-V

5.1.2 Study the transistorized series and shunt voltage regulator

5.1.3 Study the op – amp voltage regulator using 741 IC

5.1.4 Study the three terminal fixed voltage regulator using 340 series IC’s

5.1.5 Study the servo stabilizer for a.c

5.1.6 Study the SMPS

5.1.7 Compare linear power supply and SMPS

5.1.8 Study U.P.S

111

5.1.9 Study buck converter (step down) and boost – converter (Stop up)

5.1.10 Study operation of buck boost converter (regulator) and compare them

5.1.11 Study the basic of timer circuit

5.1.12 Know about the 555 IC timer

5.1.13 Study the working of 555 timer in monostable mode and a-stable mode

CONTENT DETAILS

UNIT - I

Power Devices

SCR – constructional features – operation – transistor analogy – characteristics –

specifications – holding current – latching current – gate current - turn on time – turn off

time

Different methods of turn on – different methods of turning off - SCR – snubber circuits

SCR applications in power control – phase control unit, wave forms – half and full control circuit

– converters – simple phase converter – half wave, full wave bridge – wave form – 3 phase bridge

converter

UNIT - II

control – constant frequency control – cyclo converter – principle of operation with wave forms

Inverters: - Requirements of practical inverters - single phase series inverter – parallel inverters -

three phase inverter – circuit and their operations

UNIT - III

DC motor control: - Series motor – speed control using diac and SCR – chopper control- wave

form - shunt motor - Armature voltage control using SCR and diac

Induction motor control:- methods of speed control of A.C induction motors- Stator voltage

control-

speed control by starter voltage control methods-variable voltage frequency control method-speed

control of slip inductor motor by chopper control (Rotor on – off control)

UNIT - IV

Control systems

Laplace transforms-first and second order.

–Basic control system – open loop closed loop systems servo mechanism – positioning servo

system using synchros – synchronous control system for remote application - phase locked loop

(PLL) - control of a DC motor – applications

112

UNIT - V

Regulation – simple regulator circuit using zener – regulators using 78 xx and 79 xx IC’s – Series

voltage – shunt voltage regulators – op amp regulator LM 317 – A.C voltage stabilizer – step type

and servo stabilizer for a.c – switching mode power supply – UPS – Integrated circuit power

supply – Timer- basic principle - working of 555 timer

REFERENCE

2. Industrial electronics - G.K Mithal

3. Power Electronics - Bimbra

4. Power Electronics - Hari babu

113

SUBJECT CODE : EE 504

PERIODS/WEEK : 6

PERIODS/SEMESTER : 80

TIME SCHEDULE

I Domestic wiring 15

II Design of Illumination Scheme and Flood Lighting 15

Test - I 2

III Industrial Wiring and Estimation 15

IV Estimation of Low Tension and Line Extensions 15

Test - II 2

V Estimation of Sub-station 15

Test - III 1

-----------

Total 80

======

OBJECTIVES

UNIT – I

1.1.2 Give the essential elements of wiring

1.1.3 Study different types of wires and wiring systems in use

1.1.4 Know the specification of cables as per IS codes

1.1.5 Understand general I.E rules regarding internal wiring

1.1.6 Calculate the conductor size and understand the consideration which determines

the size

1.1.7 Study the current ratings of copper cables (chart)

1.1.8 Study different types of switches, holders etc used for wiring

1.1.9 Define – Circuit and sub circuit

1.1.10 Determination of sub circuit

1.1.11 Draw the layout, wiring diagram and prepare the estimate and cost of materials

used for internal wiring of different buildings in surface and concealed conduit

system

114

UNIT – II

2.1.1 Define terms – illumination flux, luminous intensity, illumination luminous, and

their unit

2.1.2 Study laws of illumination

2.1.3 Study various lighting schemes – Direct, indirect, semi direct and semi indirect.

2.1.4 Understand illumination levels required at various places as per I.S.

2.1.5 Study terms used for design of lighting schemes - Space to Height ratio,

Depreciation Factor, Maintenance Factor and Utilization Factor

2.1.6 Study different methods of lighting calculation watt per square meter method and

lumen method

2.1.7 Determine no. of lamps required to illuminate various types rooms, halls etc and

draw the lighting arrangements

2.1.8 Explain the principles of diagram of sodium (high pressure and low pressure)

vapor lamps

2.1.9 Draw the diagram of Mercury vapor lamp, neon lamp and fluorescent lamps

2.1.10 Study the working and applications of each

2.1.11 Design and estimate for lighting schemes in various places

UNIT – III

3.1.2 Know various types of earthing

3.1.3 Study IE rules regarding earthing systems

3.1.4 Prepare the estimate and cost of materials used for a standard pipe and plate earthing

3.1.5 Understand IE rules regarding power wiring circuits

3.1.6 Prepare estimate of materials and cost for wiring domestic pump set, irrigation pump set

etc working in single phase and 3 phase supplies

3.1.7 Prepare estimate and cost of materials for the control panel and wiring small workshop

with the given capacity of machines

3.1.8 Prepare estimate and cost of materials required for giving 1 phase service connection

with out extension of Overhead lines

3.1.9 Prepare estimate and cost of materials for 3 phase service connection from the existing

lines

3.1.10 Prepare the estimate and cost of materials used for 1 phase and 3 phase service

connection using Underground cables

UNIT – IV

4.1.2 Prepare estimate and cost of materials for extending single phase distribution line

4.1.3 Prepare estimate and cost of materials for extending 3 Phase distribution line

4.1.4 Prepare estimate and cost of materials for street lighting using Overhead and

Underground cables

115

4.1.5 Prepare estimate and cost of materials for extending an existing 11 kV Overhead

line

UNIT – V

5.1.0 Estimation of Substations

5.1.1. Study various components of pole materials and substation and their costs

5.1.2. Study IE rules regarding spacing clearance etc

5.1.3.Prepare the estimate and cost of the materials for erecting a 2 pole mounted distribution

substation

5.1.4. Prepare the estimate and cost of the materials for a 4 pole mounted substation

5.1.5. Prepare the estimate and cost of the materials for a plinth mounted substation

5.1.6. Design an electric installation scheme and draw the electrical schematic diagram, for the

given connected loads, of a factory, with suitable transformer and standby generator .

CONTENT DETAILS

UNIT - I

Domestic Wiring

ratings of copper and Aluminium cables - simple core- wiring accessories – circuit – sub circuit -

general rules regarding internal wiring – preparation of layout, wiring, diagram and estimates for

house, office buildings, schools, cinema theatre etc

UNIT - II

Define terms used in illumination – laws of illumination - various lighting schemes – illumination

levels for various places – Space Height ratio – Utilization Factor - Depreciation Factor,

Maintenance Factor – Design of lighting schemes for various rooms – arrangement of lamps –

design of flood lighting scheme

Types of lamps – incandescent lamps --Gas filled lamps – advantages over vacuum lamps – types

of gases used – Arc lamps – principle and uses - Halogen lamps – CFL working and uses -

Discharge lamps –sodium lamps – Mercury vapor lamps (High pressure and low pressure types)

Neon lamps – Fluorescent lamps and the field of application of each

Design and estimate for lighting schemes in various places

UNIT - III

Earthing – purpose- rules regarding earthing as per IS – estimation of materials used for a

standard pipe earthing and plate earthing – costing

Rules regarding power circuit wiring – estimates and cost of materials regarding wiring pump set

in single phase and 3 phase systems – estimation and costing of control panel & wiring of small

workshops – estimation and costing of service connection (single phase and 3 phase systems) –

wiring using Underground cables and Overhead lines

116

UNIT - IV

Overhead Lines

Extension of Overhead lines – Prepare estimate and cost for extending single phase Low tension

distribution lines – 3 phase distribution lines – street lighting using O.H lines – U.G cables –

Estimate and costing of 11 KV O.H line extension.

UNIT - V

Estimation of Substations

Estimation of sub station – IE rules regarding spacing of conductor - distance from building etc –

materials used for erecting 11 KV substation – Preparation of the distribution sub station – 4 pole

mounted sub station – plinth mounted sub stations

Define installation scheme for a large industry - Prepare Schematic diagram for a given load

Design of ratings of back-up fuse, ACBS, MCCB, bus bar, cables, capacitor banks, generator,

change over mechanism, transformer etc as per rules

REFERENCE BOOKS

2) Electrical estimating and costing - Sujith singh

3) Electrical estimating and costing - M.L. Gupta

4) Technical hand book of KSEB engineers associate

5) Electrical Engg. Data from electrical inspectorate

117

SUBJECT CODE : EE 505

PERIODS/WEEK :3

PERIODS/SEMESTER : 48

TIME SCHEDULE

I Basic commands 6

I Substation Layouts 12

Test 1

II DC Machine Windings 12

Test 1

III D.C Machines 15

Test 1

----------

Total 48

=====

CONTENT DETAILS

2. Advantages of using CAD

3. Three dimensional geometry

4. Solid modeling

5. CAD systems components

- Computer hard ware and soft ware

- Functions of a computer

- CAD work station

- Application of CAD

7. Drafting by Auto CAD

8. Programme operations

9. Auto CAD basics – start up dialog box- use a template – open a drawing –accessing

118

12. Drawing lines

13. Using grid and snap

14. Saving work

15. Drawing simple shapes – rectangle, circle, arc, etc

16. Exit and quit commands

17. Editing drawings using various modified commands

18. Add dimensions and texts on drawing

2. Layout of 11 KV substations (indoor & outdoor)

3. Layout of 33 KV substations

4. Layout of 66 KV substations

5. Layout of 110 KV substations

6. Layout of 220 KV substations

2. D.C double layer lap winding

3. D.C single layer wave winding

4. D.C double layer wave winding

5. D.C winding with equalizer connections

1. Assumed half sectional views of DC machines (Both end view & Elevation)

REFERENCE BOOKS

1. An introduction to Auto CAD -Dayanithi(NITTTR)

2. Auto CAD -S.Vishal

3. Electrical Drawing - P.O.Kuttappan

4. Electrical drawing - Dargon

5. Electrical Design & Drawings - Surjit Singh

119

SUBJECT CODE : EE 506

PERIODS/WEEK : 3

PERIODS/SEMESTER : 48

Experiments:

1. Study of Power devices – power BJT, SCR, power MOSFET, IGBT etc.

2. Characteristics of SCR and Triac

3. Characteristics of power MOSFET

4. Triggering circuits for SCRs – R, RC and UJT triggering

5. Single phase fully controlled SCR bridge circuit – R load, RL load – effect of free

wheeling diode.

6. Triggering circuits for SCR chopper

7. Triac triggering

8. Speed control DC motor using SCR

9. Study of V/F control of induction motor.

10. AC controller using Triac

11. Study of UPS

12. Study of SMPS.

PLC Programming

13 Study of PLC

14. Writing Direct On Line (DOL) starter program, compile it, download it to the PLC and

executing the program by giving physical inputs

15 Stair case light

16 Star-delta starter for 3 phase induction motor

17 Starting of two speed, 3 phase motor using pole change method

18 Starting of 3 phase slip ring motor – step by step switching of resistance connected in rotor

circuit

19 Dynamic or DC, injection braking circuit for squirrel cage 3 phase induction motor

20 Plugging or reverse current braking of 3 phase squirrel cage induction motor

21. Counting pulses from a source and check for the pre determined value

22. Writing sample programs using jump

23. Writing sample programs using subroutine

24. Water level controller

25. Traffic light control

26. Conveyor control

27. Lift control

120

SUBJECT CODE : EE 507

PERIOD/WEEK : 3

PERIODS/SEMESTER: 48

TOPICS

1 Troubleshooting of fan

2 Trouble shooting of grinder

3 Trouble shooting of electric ion

4 Trouble shooting of mixie

5 Trouble shooting of refrigerator

6 Trouble shooting of washing machine

7 Trouble shoot the AC & DC motors

8 Trouble shoot the different types of starters

9 Trouble shoot the transformers

10 Trouble shoot the UPS

11 Overhauling of DC Machines

12 Overhauling of AC Machines

13 Rewinding of Fan motors, mixie etc.

14 Trouble shoot transformers, starters etc.

15 Panel board wiring

16 Armature testing using growler

121

SEMESTER VI

Code Subject Practical/

Theory Total Theory Practical Internal Total

Tutorial

Industrial Management

GE601 5 1 6 75 25 100

& Enterprenureship

Utilization of Electrical

EE602 5 1 6 75 25 100

Power

Renewable sources of

EE603 5 5 75 25 100

energy

Project & 4 4 50 25

100

EE606

Seminar* 2 2 25

• * Two hours to be allotted per week for seminar and 25 marks given for

internal evaluation.

@Two week of industrial interaction/training should be given to students

122

ENTREP RENEURSH IP

SUBJECT CODE : GE 601 (COMMON TO ALL)

PERIODS/WEEK : 6

PERIODS/ SEMESTER : 80

TIME SHEDULE

1.2 Human Resource Management 5

2.2 ISO-9000 & Installation 5

2.3 TQM and Organizational Excellence 5

Test – I 2

3.2 Marketing & Sales 2

3.3 Wages & Incentives 4

3.4 Material Requirement Planning (MRP) 3

4.3 Management by Objectives (MBO) 3

4.4 Management Information System (MIS) 2

Test – II 2

5.2 Entrepreneurship Development 4

5.3 Industrial Safety 4

5.4 Environmental Pollution & Control 4

Test – III 1

----------

Total 80

=====

123

OBJECTIVES

UNIT – I

1.1.1 Explain the meaning and concepts of management

1.1.2 Outline the characteristics of management

1.1.3 Illustrate the development of management theory

1.1.4 Illustrate the Taylor’s scientific management and contributions

1.1.5 Illustrate Henry Fayol’s principles of management

1.1.6 Compare the contributions of Taylor and Fayol

1.1.7 State the functions of management

1.1.8 Explain various administrative steps of each function

1.1.9 Describe different types of ownership

1.1.10 Explain different types of organization structure

1.1.11 Explain the concept of Leadership, Motivation & communication.

1.2.1 Outline the importance of HRD

1.2.2 Explain the process of man power planning

1.2.3 Explain Job analysis, job evaluation, merit rating, performance appraisal

1.2.4 Training & Methods of Training

UNIT – II

2.1.1 Define quality

2.1.2 List the dimensions of quality

2.1.3 List the objectives of quality planning

2.1.4 Describe various quality control measures in brief

2.1.5 Explain quality assurance concept and definition

2.1.6 Describe in brief the Three Prong Approach to Quality Planning

2.1.7 Explain the need for quality management system

2.1.8 Draw quality loop

2.2.0 Understand the elements of ISO 9000, its Installation and audit

2.2.1 Describe the concept and role of ISO 9000

2.2.2 List the elements of ISO 9000

2.2.3 List the steps for installing quality system

2.2.4 Explain different ways of quality audit

2.2.5 Identify the agencies who give ISO certification

2.2.6 Discuss the role of accreditation board

2.2.7 Explain various stages of ISO 9000 implementation

2.2.8 Describe briefly the benefits of becoming an ISO 9000 company

2.3.1 Explain the concept of TQM

124

2.3.3 Discuss in brief the link between ISO 9000 and TQM with the help of TQM

model

2.3.4 Draw the organizational structure of TQM

2.3.5 Explain the different techniques of TQM

2.3.6 Discuss the concepts and characteristics of Quality Circle

2.3.7 Discuss the brain storming technique used in quality circle for arriving at

solutions

2.3.8 Explain the organizational excellence by TQM approach and through

“SWOT” analysis

2.3.9 Write mission statement

UNIT – III

3.1.1 Outline the network technique

3.1.2 List different applications of CPM & PERT

3.1.3 Out line scope of PERT & CPM

3.1.4 Define the terms used in CPM & PERT

3.1.5 Explain the procedure for finding the critical path

3.1.6 Compute the project duration,slack and critical path by using AON &AOA

3.1.7 Distinguisah between CPM & PERT

3.1.8 Defind the terms used in PERT

3.1.9 Explain the procedure for pert

3.1.10 Estimate activity time

3.1.11 Compute the project duration slack and mark the critical path

3.1.12 Solve the problems in PERT & CPM

3.2.1 Define marketing

3.2.2 List the objectives of marketing

3.2.3 Outline the core marketing concepts with the help of block diagrams

3.2.4 Discuss in brief the marketing mix, buying process and behaviour

3.2.5 Outline the importance of sales of products and services

3.2.6 List the functions of sales department

3.2.7 Explain the steps in market planning, market segmentation

3.2.8 Discuss the importance and functions of sales management

3.2.9 Discuss sales planning

3.2.10 Explain the market research and market information system

3.3.1 Outline the importance of a good wage plan

3.3.2 Define the different types of wages

3.3.3 List the requirements of a good wage plan

3.3.4 Define Incentives

3.3.5 Identify financial, non financial and semi financial incentives

3.3.6 Discuss different types of financial incentives plan

3.3.7 Compute the wages under different incentive plans with examples

125

3.3.9 Understand the application of MRP

UNIT – IV

4.1.1 Outline the concept of optimization

4.1.2 Outline the scope of O.R

4.1.3 List the phases and processes of O.R

4.1.4 List the different methods of O.R.

4.1.5 Explain Linear programming graphical method & analytical method

4.1.6 Compute maximization of profit by linear programming - graphical method and

analytical method (simple problems only)

4.1.7 Compute minimization of total cost by Linear programming - graphical method

and analytical method (simple problems only)

4.1.8 Explain the transportation problem

4.1.9 Compute the initial feasible solution by north west corner rule and Vogel

approximation method (simple problems only)

4.1.10 Explain the game theory

4.1.11 Compute the saddle point of the game two – person – zero sum using maximize

and minimize principle (simple problems only)

4.1.12 Explain the queuing theory

4.1.13 List information required for formulating a mathematical model

4.2.1 Outline the nature and purpose of MBO

4.2.2 Identify sequential MBO processes

4.2.3 List the merits and demerits of MBO

4.2.4 List the steps required for MBO

4.3.5 List the guidelines for setting objectives for MBO

4.3.1 Define MIS

4.3.2 Distinguish between data and information, data processing & MIS

4.3.3 State the need for information

4.3.4 Discuss the systems concept of management

4.3.5 Discuss a firm and its environment

4.3.6 List the objectives and inputs of an effective MIS

4.3.7 Explain the integrated MIS

4.3.8 List major functional and activity subsystems in MIS

4.3.9 Describe MIS development (system development) with the help of a line diagram

4.4.10 List applications of MIS

126

UNIT – V

5.1.1 Describe the meaning of Industrial Psychology

5.1.2 Outline the importance of good working conditions and environment

5.1.3 Explain the concept of Behavioural dynamics

5.1.4 Distinguish the interpersonal behaviour and interpersonal needs

5.1.5 Discuss the development of interpersonal relationship

5.1.6 Describe the development of better qualities (personality traits)

5.2.0 Formulate the feasible project report to start a small scale industry

5.2.1 Explain the concept of entrepreneurship

5.2.2 Describe the profile of an entrepreneur

5.2.3 List the functions of an entrepreneur

5.2.4 List the risk taking qualities of an entrepreneur

5.2.5 Explain the concept of entrepreneurial development

5.2.6 List the different factors

contributing to the failure of entrepreneurial ventures

5.2.7 Identify industrial support needed programs existing in India

5.2.8 State the concept of small scale and ancillary industrial undertaking

5.2.9 List the steps involved in starting small-scale industry

5.2.10 Describe the procedure of registration of SSI

5.2.11 Identify the net work of financial assistances given to SSI

5.2.12 Identify the different constituents of feasibility study

5.2.13 Prepare the feasibility report / project report

5.3.1 Explain the importance and need for safety measures in industries

5.3.2 Define the meaning of the term – factory, accident, frequency rate, security rate,

accident pronnes, unsafe acts, unsafe conditions, job safety analysis, plant safety

inspections

5.3.3 Identify the various accident factors, mechanical factors, environmental factors,

personal factors

5.3.4 Discuss the 4 E’s of accident prevention technique

5.3.5 List the precautions to be observed while working in an hazardous environment

5.3.6 Explain briefly the artificial respiration methods

5.4.0 Recognize the causes of environmental pollution and steps to be taken to control

the pollution

5.4.1 Define the terms Ecology and Ecosystem

5.4.2 Explain the impact of industrial development on environment

5.4.3 Explain the causes and

effects of air and water pollution on plant, animal life and materials

5.4.4 Identify the characteristics of industrial and municipal waste

5.4.5 Outline the various treatment processes

5.4.6 Identify the sources of air pollutants

5.4.7 State the effects of air pollution

5.4.8 Outline the methods of prevention and control of air pollution

127

5.4.10 List the salient features of environmental pollution control legislation

5.4.11 State the functions of pollution control board

5.4.12 Define NOISE

5.4.13 Identify the causes of noise pollution

5.4.14 Explain the various methods of noise control

CONTENT DETAILS

UNIT – 1

1. Principles of management

Introduction – meaning of management: - Management as an art of getting things done,

management as a process, management as an activity

management, contributions of F.W. Taylor, Henry Fayols principles of management (Brief

description), compare F.W. Taylor & Henry Fayol’s contributions

Functions of management: -

a) Planning: - concept, steps in planning

b) Organizing: - concept and process steps, steps in organizing

c) Staffing: - concept, list functions of staffing

d) Directing: - concept, list the elements of directing

e) Controlling: - Concept, list the steps in controlling process

f) Decision making: - concept, steps in decision making, scientific approach to decision

making

Different types of ownership: - Sole proprietorship, partnership, private Ltd., company,

public Ltd., company, co-operative society (brief description only)

Organizational structure: - Definition of organization, different types of organizational

structure: - line, functional, line & staff organization (brief description with advantages &

disadvantages)

Leader ship - Define leadership, different types of leadership, qualities of a good leader

Motivation - characteristic of motivation,importance,Marlow s need hierarchy theory,

Techniques of motivation

Communication – Types of communication, Barriers in communication.

analysis – Job description – Job speciation

Manpower planning – Requirements of manpower planning – Factors affecting the manpower

planning – Job evaluation – Steps required for job evaluation – Methods for job evaluation –

Merit rating – objectives and methods – performance appraisal.

Training – Importance of training – Methods of training – advantages of training (Brief

description only)

128

UNIT - II

Definitions of quality, Requirements of quality, list objectives of quality planning – quality

control: - operator’s quality control, inspectors quality control, Mangers quality control, total

quality control.

Quality Assurance: - Concept, definition, responsibility of quality assurance department,

planning for quality assurance – three prong approach to quality planning: - (1) Product

planning (2) Managerial & Operational planning (3) Documentation. Quality management

system, quality loop.

Concept and role of ISO 9000, what is ISO 9000, whom does it help, elements of ISO 9000,

steps for installation of quality system - preparatory step, implementation step, registration &

certification step. Quality Audit - objectives, types off audits: - Adequacy audit, compliance

audit, system audit, product audit, first party audit, second party audit, third party audit. Steps

required to apply for ISO – 9000 Registration. Benefits of becoming an ISO 9000 company.

Concept, ten mantras of TQM, the link between ISO 9000 and TQM with the help of

TQM Model – organization of TQM. Techniques of TQM - PDCA, Total Employee

Inolvement (TEI), POKA – YOKA – Failure proofing, JIT manufacturing.

Quality Circles - concept, characteristics, Brain storming method for solving Q.C.

Problems. Organizational excellence through TQM - List the strength, weakness,

opportunity and threat (SWOT analysis) of an organization by an example and analyse

the current status – mission statement.

UNIT – III

Introduction to Network analysis, application of CPM & PERT, scope of CPM & PERT

commonly used terms in CPM: - Operation, pre-operation, post operation, concurrent

operation, earliest finish time EFT), latest finish time (LFT), Critical activities, critical path,

EVENT, SLACK or FLOAT, Dummy activity, - procedure for CPM, problems on CPM,

projects duration, slack, mark critical path (by AOA and AON method).

PERT - comparison between CPM & PERT, procedure for PERT, Estimation of activity

time, commonly used terms in PERT, Event, Activity, successor Event, Predecessor event,

Earliest Expected Time, Latest allowable time, slack – problems in PERT.

Marketing - introduction, definitions, objectives, core concepts: - block diagram, distinguish

between marketing and sales, marketing MIX. Buying process & behaviour of consumer,

steps in market planning – market segmentation

Sales - importance of sales, functions of sales management, market research, market

information system.

129

Importance of good wage plan, types of wages - nominal, real, living, fair, minimum

wages – requirement of a good wage payment system.

Incentives - definitions, types of incentive plan for direct workers - non financial and

semi financial incentives – financial incentive plans - straight piece rate system, straight

piece rate with guaranteed minimum wage, differential piece rate system, Halsey plan,

Rowan plan, Gantt (simple illustrative problems)

MRP objectives & functions – Terminology – MRP systems – MRP outputs –

Management information from MRP – Lot sizing considerations – Examples –

applications – introduction to MRP – II - Just in time (JIT). (Brief description only)

UNIT – IV

Concepts of OR, scope of OR, phases and process of OR, methods of OR -

1. Linear programming: - a) graphical & analytical method b) transportation

method: - North west corner rule, Vogel approximation method

2. Waiting line or Queuing theory

3. Game theory

Linear programming: - concepts, formulation of LPP, Do problems on maximization of

profit, minimum of total cost (by graphical & analytical method)

Transportation problem: - meaning, compute the initial feasible solution by northwest corner

rule & Vogel approximation method (simple problems)

Game theory: - concept, two-persons zero sum game, the maxi-min- mini-max principle –

optimal strategy, saddle point, example problems to compute saddle point – waiting line or

queuing theory - concept, the information required for formulating a mathematical model

(simple problems)

Concepts & definition, contents of MBO, sequence of MBO process with block

diagram, steps required for MBO, guidelines for setting objectives

Definition of MIS, Data, Information, management, systems concepts of management, a firm

and its environment, objectives, contents of MIS, need for information, integrated MIS,

functional and activity subsystems, MIS development - line diagram, application of MIS -

inventory management, Human resource management, personal decision making.

130

UNIT – V

1. Industrial Psychology

Meaning, importance of good working conditions and environment: - physical working

conditions, psychological working conditions, working conditions related to time, related

to social situation. Behavioural dynamics: - self concept and self understanding, inter

personal needs, developing interpersonal relationship: - framing fint impression,

developing mutual expectations, hounouring psychological contracts, developing trust &

influence, projecting positive qualities and hiding negative points – developing better

behaviour and qualities a TQM approach: - conducting ‘SWOT’ analysis for self

understanding, prepare incremental projects to reduce weakness and threats - mission

statement

List steps required to start small scale industry, procedure for registration (provisional

and permanent registration) – sources of financial assistance, govt., assistance for

development of SSI, preparation of project report, Tax: - an overview of income tax –

excise duty, sales tax – procedure to be followed for sales tax

3. Industrial Safety

Define Accident, Frequency rate, severity rate, and accident proneness.

List the causes of accidents: - Mechanical, Environmental, personnel factors accident

prevention techniques – 4 E’S of Accident prevention technique

Ecology and Eco system

Impact of industrial development on environment

Causes and effects of air and water pollution on plant, animal life and material

Characteristics of industrial and municipal waste

Treatment processes:- Primary, secondary and territory

Sources of air pollutants on human beings

Effects of air pollutants on human beings

Prevention and control of air pollution

Solid waste management

Environment pollution control legislation and functions of pollution control boards

Causes of noise pollution and its control

1. All units should be given equal weightage of marks

2. Problems from wage plan, CPM-PERT, and O.R should be included in every question

paper in order to measure the application capability of students

131

REFERENCE BOOKS

company

2. Industrial Engineering & Management - O. P. Khanna

3. Operations Research - Premkumar Guptha, D.S. Hira

4. TQM - Productivity Council

5. ISO - Tapan.P.Bagachi

6. Entrepreneurship Development - Jagmer Singh Saihi

7.Industrial Management & Engineering Economics - Banga & Sharma

8. TQM - B. Senthil Arasu & J.Praveen Paul Scitcch Publications

9. Human resources management Mirza and saiyadam (Tata Magrhill publishers.)

132

SUBJECT CODE : EE 601

PERIODS/WEEK : 6

PERIODS/SEMESTER : 80

TIME SCHEDULE

I Synchronous Generator 15

Test – I 2

Test-II 2

V FHP Motors 15

Test - III 1

----------

Total 80

======

OBJECTIVES

UNIT – I

1.1.0. Know the Working of Synchronous Generator

1.1.1. Understand the constructional details of synchronous generator.

1.1.2. Name the materials used for various parts.

1.1.3. State the merits and demerits of salient pole and non-salient pole type of rotor

1.1.4. Sketch various parts of synchronous generator.

1.1.5. Understand various methods of excitation

1.1.6. Know the classification of 3 phase windings, winding terminology

133

1.1.7. Define chording factor and distribution factor and derive equations for the same.

1.1.8. Derive the e.m.f equation for alternator

1.1.9. Effects of harmonics on pitch and distribution factor

1.1.10. Solve problems and compute generated e.m.f.

UNIT – II

2.1.1. Study the effect of load on alternator

2.1.2. Armature reaction

2.1.3. Study the effect of armature reactance and leakage reactance of alternators on

load

2.1.4. Draw the vector diagrams of alternator on load under different power factors

2.1.5. Define voltage regulation of alternators.

2.1.6. Compute voltage regulation by EMF, MMF, and ZPF methods

2.1.7. Understand the necessity of cooling of alternators.

2.1.8. Enlist the advantages and disadvantages of Hydrogen cooling over air cooling

2.1.9. Understand the necessity of parallel operation of alternators

2.1.10. Explain the synchronization of alternators with infinite busbars using

a) Bright lamp method b) Dark lamp method and c) Synchroscope method

b) Derive expression for synchronizing current, torque and power from the vector diagram

2.1.11. Study the sharing of kW and KVAR of common load between 2 machines

according to their ratings and change in power factors.

2.1.12. Understand the effects of excitation and variation of prime mover input on load

sharing

UNIT – III

3.1.1. Understand the construction and principle of operation of synchronous motor

3.1.2. Explain the different methods of starting of synchronous motor

3.1.3. List the special characteristics and applications of synchronos motor

3.1.4. Draw the phase diagram of Synchronous motor on load

3.1.5. Draw the phase diagram of synchronous motor showing the effect of excitation

on armature and power factor.

3.1.6. Explain the procedures for obtaining V – curves

3.1.7. Describe the circumstances under which hunting develops

3.1.8. Suggest methods for preventing hunting

3.1.9. Understand the working of synchronous condenser.

UNIT – IV

Understand the Principle of Single Phase Induction Motor

4.1.1. State the double revolving field theory applied to single-phase induction motor

4.1.2. Explain the working principle of split phase, shaded pole, repulsion start motors

and their fields of application.

4.1.3. Describe the principle and construction of capacitor start capacitor run type motor

and their fields of application.

4.1.4. Study the equivalent circuit of induction motors(with and without core loss)

134

4.1.6. Constructional details & working of series motor

4.1.7. Constructional details & working of universal motors

UNIT – V

5.1.1. Understand the principle of working of commutation, induction and Synchronous types

of F.H.P. motors

5.1.2. Enumerate the advantages and field of application of each type

5.1.3. Know the constructional features, working and applications of stepper motors

5.1.4. Study the constructional details, applications and advantages of permanent magnet

synchronous motors

5.1.5. Explain the features of synchronous motors

5.1.6. Know the construction of switched reluctance motor and a.c servo motor

5.1.7. List out the applications of switched reluctance motor and a.c servo motor

5.1.8. Know the constructional features and applications of printed circuit motors

5.1.9. understand the working and applications of hysteresis motor.

CONTENT DETAILS

UNIT-I

Synchronous Generator

Synchronous generator - Principles of a.c generator – single phase and three phase -

Constructional details of salient pole and turbo generators with sketches - Relationship between

speed, frequency and number of poles.

Methods of exciting the field - main and pilot exciter - static excitations

Armature windings - single layer and double layer types - Full pitched and short pitched

windings - fractional Slot windings – pitch factor and distribution factor

Methods of obtaining sinusoidal waveform in generators - EMF equation on an A.C generator –

Problems

UNIT – II

Characteristics and parallel operation of Alternator

Armature reaction

Resistance and leakage reactance – Armature reactions under leading - lagging and unity power

factor loads - Synchronous reactance and synchronous impedance - Vector diagram of alternator

on load at lagging, leading and unity power factors.

Voltage regulation- definition - determination of regulation by EMF, MMF and ZPF methods -

Problems

Synchronizing of alternator to infinite bus bar conditions dark lamp - bright lamp and

synchroscope methods - Active and reactive power output - Effects of excitation - Effect of

variation of prime mover – input, output sharing –Power sharing- Problems- Cooling of

alternators

135

UNIT III

SYNCHRONOUS MOTORS

3 Phase synchronous motor – Principle of operation –Effect of excitation of armature current and

power factor - Power developed by a synchronous motor – Torques of synchronous motors-V

curves and inverted V curves - Synchronous condenser – use of synchronous motor – field of

applications- methods of starting- hunting – prevention of hunting by damper windings –related

problems.

UNIT –IV

Single phase induction motors: - Principle of operation - Revolving double field theory –

split phase-equivalent circuit-torque equation- Torque-Speed characteristics of single

phase induction motors- shaded pole – repulsion – start - capacitor start - capacitor run

motor –series motor-universal motor- field of application of each type.

UNIT – V

F.H.P Motors

synchronous types – stepper motors – types of stepper motors – variable reluctance stepper

motors – permanent magnetic stepper motor- hybrid stepper motor – multi stack VR stepper

motor – constructional features – working – advantage – disadvantage and applications

Permanent magnet synchronous motors – Construction advantages and applications

Printed circuit motors-hysteresis motor

Self – synchronizing reactors – synchronous – type of synchronous – constructional features and

applications switched reluctance motor – construction working advantages & disadvantages –

applications – construction and applications, Principles of AC servomotors

REFERENCE BOOKS

2. A Text book of Electrical Technology -B.L.Theraja

3. Performance of electrical machines - J.B.Gupta

4. Electrical Machines -Deepa

5. Synchronous, induction & special machines- Sheila C.Haran

136

SUBJECT CODE : EE 602

PERIODS/WEEK : 6

PERIODS/SEMESTER : 80

TIME SCHEDULE

I Electric heating 15

II Welding 15

Test – I 2

Test - II 2

V Electrical Braking 15

Test - III 1

Total 80

======

OBJECTIVES

UNIT – I

1.1.2. State the advantages electric heating

1.1.3. List the requirements of good heating material

1.1.4. State the materials employed in heating

1.1.5. Design of heater element and problems thereon

1.1.6. Explain with sketches: a) Direct resistance heating b) Indirect resistance heating

1.1.7. State the Industrial application of the above heating

1.1.8. Explain the different types of electric arc furnaces giving sketch

1.1.9. a) Direct arc furnace b) Indirect arc furnace

1.1.10. Explain the application of direct and indirect arc furnaces in industry

137

1.1.11. Explain the principle of operations of induction furnaces with sketches (low and high

frequency, core type and core less types)

1.1.12. List the industrial applications of core type, core less type and high frequency type

furnaces

1.1.13. Explain the principle of dielectric heating

1.1.14. List the industrial applications of the dielectric heating

1.1.15. Solve simple numerical examples under given conditions

UNIT - II

2.1.2. Explain the principles and applications of a) Spot b) Seam c) butt welding

2.1.3. Explain the principle of arc welding with circuit diagram

2.1.4. List the conditions for successful welding

2.1.5. Explain the metal arc welding and carbon arc welding

2.1.6. Explain the characteristics of a welding generator

2.1.7. Explain with sketch the principle of operation of welding transformer used with a

reactance coil

2.1.8. Explain the different types of electrodes used for welding

UNIT - III

3.1.2. Understand the Faraday’s laws of electrolysis and solve simple problems

3.1.3. Know the field of applications of electrolysis

3.1.4. Explain the extraction of Zinc and aluminum

3.1.5. Know refining of metals

3.1.6. Understand the galvanizing and anodizing

3.1.7. State the advantage of Electric drives

3.1.8. List the factors governing the selection of motors

3.1.9. Classify the nature of electric supply as DC and AC

3.1.10. Classify the electric drives

3.1.11. State the advantages and disadvantages of these two types of drives

3.1.12. State the types of loads for which drives are necessary

3.1.13. Select the motors for the given load

3.1.14. Sketch the typical curves of various types of industrial loads

3.1.15. Select the suitable motors for the following industries

3.1.16. Steel mills ii) paper mills iii) cement industries

3.1.17. Explain the various processes and the motor used in the above industries

138

UNIT – IV

4.1.2. Advantages of traction system

4.1.3. State the importance of the speed time curves

4.1.4. State the each stage of the speed time curve with appropriate speeds used

4.1.5. Sketch the simplified speed time curves

4.1.6. Explain the practical importance of the above curves

4.1.7. Solve the simple problems using speed time curves

4.1.8. Explain the meaning of traction effort

4.1.9. Explain the term specific energy consumption

4.1.10. Derive the formula for energy output of drive axles in

i) Accelerations

ii) To overcome friction

iii) To overcome gradient

4.1.11. List the factors affecting specific energy consumption

4.1.12. Solve the simple problems on specific energy consumption under the given condition

UNIT – V

5.1.2. Explain the suitability of different motors (A.C & D.C.) for traction

5.1.3. state the advantages of electric braking

5.1.4. Explain the different methods of electric braking

5.1.5. Discuss the methods of plugging of D.C shunt motor and series motor used in the traction

5.1.6. Solve simple problems on the above method

5.1.7. State the method of regenerate active braking of D.C shunt motor, D.C series motor and

3-phase induction motor

5.1.8. Explain the method of Rheostatic braking a.c shunt motor and series motor

CONTENT DETAILS

UNIT – I

Electric Heating

Electrical heating and welding – advantages and types of electric heating - properties of resistance

heating materials - design of heating element – simple problems. Resistance ovens- Methods of

temperature controls.

Induction heating - principle – factors affecting induction heating- induction furnace- core type

and core less type - high frequency eddy current heating- dielectric heating - equivalent circuit -

139

loss angle application of dielectric heating - Arc furnace – direct and indirect types – equivalent

circuit.-problems

UNIT – II

Electric Welding

Electric welding – types – resistance welding-spot welding- pre welding, seam welding and butt-

welding - Electric arc welding – electrical properties of negative resistance – Types of arc

welding – requirements of welding generators and transformers - Use of reactor for control of

welding current - Third brush and Bipolar welding generator – description-problems.

UNIT – III

Electrolysis – Faraday’s laws of Electro types – problems – applications – extraction of Zinc and

Aluminum – Refining metals – Electroplating anodizing.-problems.

Mechanical features of electronic motor – frame size - relation between speed and frame size –

types of enclosures

Electric drives – classification of electric drives - group, individual and multi motor drives -

Matching the drive with load - Basic classes of duty- continuous - short time - intermittent

period’s duty

Selection of electric drives – steel mills, paper mills, cement mills, diagrams

UNIT - IV

Electric traction - system of electric traction - Direct electric traction - diesel electric traction -

Merits and demerits

Speed time curves for train movement – Simplified speed time curves - specific energy output on

level track - factors affecting specific energy consumption - Simple problems.

UNIT-V

Electrical braking

Traction motors - D.C. and A.C. motors – properties and characteristics - control of DC motors –

Series parallel control systems of electric traction - D.C. single and three phase systems of supply

- brief description.

Principle and simple problems on braking

REFERENCE BOOKS

1 A Text Book of Electrical Technology, Vol. III – B.L. Theraja

2. Principles of Power System - V.K. Mehta

3. Utilisation of Electrical Energy - N.V.Surya Narayana

4.Electrical Power - Uppal

140

SUBJECT CODE : EE 603

PERIODS/WEEK : 5

PERIODS/SEMESTER : 75

TIME SCHEDULE

Test I 2

Test II 2

Test III 1

Total 75

OBJECTIVES

UNIT I

1.1.2. Brief review of non conventional sources of energy

1.1.3. Green house effect and global warming

1.1.4. Description of solar thermal devices

1.1.5. Solar thermal power storage

1.1.6. MHD Generator (basics)

141

UNIT II

2.1.1. Description of photovoltaic effect

2.1.2. Electric characteristic of photovoltaic cells

2.1.3. Instruments for measurements for solar radiations

2.1.4. PV System for power generation

2.1.5. Applications of Solar energy devices

2.1.6. Advantages & disadvantages of PV Cells

2.2.0. Wind energy

2.2.1. Wind energy turbines (horizontal axis and vertical axis type)

2.2.2. Brief idea of conversion of wind energy to electrical energy

2.2.3. Power and energy from wind turbines

2.2.4. Applications of Wind energy devices

UNIT III

3.1.1. Concepts of ocean energy

3.1.2. Concepts of wave energy-physical principles

3.1.3. Wave energy technology- fixed devices and floating devices

3.1.4. Concepts of ocean thermal energy conversion

3.1.5. Understand the methods of power generation

3.1.6. Concepts of Tidal power

3.1.7. Study the basic principles of power generation

3.1.8. Concepts of extracting energy from biomass

3.1.9. Study the methods of biogas generation

3.1.10. Study the classification of biogas plants

3.1.11. Study the various applications of biogas plants

UNIT IV

4.1.1. Classification of micro , mini and small hydel projects

4.1.2. Selection of sites

4.1.3. Basic concepts and types of turbines

4.1.4. Applications of Small Hydel projects

4.1.5. Principle of operation of fuel cells(reference to hydrogen & oxygen)

4.1.6. Classification of fuel cells based on temperature

4.1.7. Types of fuel cells

4.1.8. Advantages and disadvantage of fuel cells

4.1.9. Conversion efficiency of fuel cells

UNIT V

5.1.1. General principles

5.1.2. Energy management opportunities with lighting systems

142

5.1.4. Energy management opportunities with electric heating

5.1.5. Energy management opportunities with electrolysis

5.1.6. Load analysis

5.1.7. Basic concepts of energy audit

5.1.8. Case study

CONTENT DETAILS

UNIT I

Renewable and non-renewable sources of energy

Brief review of conventional sources of energy -Brief review of non conventional sources of

energy like solar, wind, ocean, geo thermal, biomass, chemical etc -Green house effect and

global warming-Description of solar thermal devices like furnaces cookers, stills water

heater, refrigerators etc-Solar thermal power storage

Generation of electric power from MHD Generator

UNIT II

Solar energy

Description of photovoltaic effect-shematic view of PV Cells-Electric characteristic of

photovoltaic cells-equivalent circuit of solar cell-Instruments for measurements for solar

radiations pyrheliometer and pyranometer-Basic PV System for power generation-

Applications of Solar energy devices-Advantages & disadvantages of PV.

Wind energy

Wind energy basics-Classifications-Wind energy turbines (horizontal axis and vertical axis

type)-Brief idea of conversion of wind energy to electrical energy- Power and energy from

wind turbines-Applications of Wind energy devices- site selection-block diagram of wind

energy system

UNIT III

Tidal, Ocean thermal & Biomass

Concepts of ocean energy-Concepts of wave energy-methods(open and closed cycles)-hybrid

cycles-physical principles-Wave energy technology- fixed devices and floating devices-

Concepts of ocean thermal energy conversion-Understand the methods of power generation-

Concepts of Tidal power-Study the basic principles of power generation

Concepts of extracting energy from biomass-Study the methods of biogas generation-Study

the classification of biogas plants-Study the various applications of biogas plants(brief study

only)

UNIT IV

Classification of micro , mini and small hydel projects-Selection of sites

Basic concepts and types of turbines-Applications of Small Hydel projects-Principle of

operation of fuel cells(reference to hydrogen & oxygen)-Classification of fuel cells based on

temperature-Types of fuel cells-Advantages and disadvantage of fuel cells-Conversion

efficiency of fuel cells

143

UNIT V

Energy management and Audit

General principles -Energy management opportunities with lighting systems

Energy management opportunities with motors-Energy management opportunities with

electric heating-Energy management opportunities with electrolysis-Load analysis

Basic concepts of energy audit-Case study

References:

2.Energy technology-non conventional & conventional -S.Rao

3.National seminar report on energy management (1997),

IEEE transactions -Dr.B.S.Chandramohanan

4.Introduction to non conventional energy resources -Raja

5. Applied solar Energy- Meinel A B and Meinel MP, Addison Wesley Publications.

6. Renewable and Novel energy sources – SL Sah, MI Publications, New Delhi, 1995.

7.. Direct Energy Conversion – George Sutton – McGraw hill Publications.

144

SUBJECT CODE : EE 604

PERIODS/WEEK :3

PERIODS/SEMESTER : 48

2. LT & HT Pin type insulators

3. Suspention type insulators

4. LT Poles and supports

5. Steel towers-66kV,110kV,220kV(single & double circuits)

6. Single phase- Lap & Wave winding

7. Three phase- Lap & Wave winding (single & double layer)

8. Three phase Concentric winding(bifurcated & unbifurcated)

9. Three phase mush winding

10. Single phase core typeTransformer(cross sectional views)

11. Three phase Transformers(cross sectional views)

12. Single phase shell typeTransformer(cross sectional views)

13. Assembled half sectional views of induction motor

a. Squirrel cage induction motor

b. Slip ring induction motor (end view and elevations)

REFERENCE BOOKS

2. Electrical Engineering drawing - K.L.Narang

3. Electrical Engineering drawing - P.O.Kuttappan

4. Electrical Engineering drawing - Bhattacharya

145

SUBJECT CODE : EE 605

PERIODS/WEEK :3

PERIODS/SEMESTER : 48

LIST OF EXPERIMENTS

1. Perform the polarity test and turns ratio test on a Single Phase Transformer

2. Study the measurement of armature resistance and determination of polarities of three

Phase armature windings.

3. Perform OC and SC Tests on Single Phase Transformer. Determine voltage regulation and

efficiency at various loads and power factors. Determine equivalent circuit and

maximum efficiency.

4. Conduct Load test on single phase transformer – Determine Efficiency and regulation.

5. Study the connection of single-phase transformers to form three phase banks in various

combinations of Star and delta connections and understand the precautions

6. Perform Open circuit and short circuit characteristics of an alternator and to determine the

voltage regulation by EMF method (Synchronous impedance method).

7. Conduct OC and SC test of an alternator and determine the voltage regulation by MMF

method.

8. Draw Zero power factor load characteristic and determine voltage regulation by potier

method

9. Perform Load test on alternator and determine efficiency and regulation.

10. Synchronize 3 Phase alternator with infinite bus bars by lamp method.

11. Conduct No load test on induction motor and separation of no load losses

12. Conduct No load and blocked rotor test and plot circle diagram and determine the

performance characteristics like slip, efficiency, torque and p.f. at various loads.

Determine the maximum output and maximum torque and equivalent circuit.

13. Conduct Load test on induction motor and determine the slip and efficiency.

14. Measure the slip of an induction motor using tachometer, galvanometer (Centre Zero

ammeter) and stroboscope.

15. Draw the V – curves of synchronous motor on load and no load inverted ‘V’ – curves.

16. Perform Load test on synchronous motor- and determine the efficiency.

146

SUBJECT CODE : EE 606

PERIODS/WEEK : 4+2=6

PERIODS/SEMESTER : 80

CONTENT DETAILS

Some of the suggested topics are given below. The students in a batch of 3 or 4 can choose a

topic and do the project depending upon the size or the volume of the topic. Each student has to

submit the Project Report individually and attend the viva –voce individually. Each batch should

submit a copy of the Project and Seminar Report to the Head of Section

Projects regarding

1. Rewinding of motors

2. Design and fabrication of transformers

3. Starters – Electronic and contactor type

4. S.C.R drives for ac and dc motors

5. S.C.R power control

6. Welding transformers

7. Spot welding machine

8. Electronic Energy meter

9. Electronic watt meter

10. Projects using Micro processors

11. Projects using Micro controllers

12. Projects using PLC

13. Working models of non conventional energy devices

14. Case study on energy management and auditing

15. Estimation of industrial electrification & rural schemes

16. Robotic and automated devices

SEMINAR

25 marks will be allotted as internal evaluation mark for seminar. Each student is

expected to make a presentation for a minimum of 30 minute in the class on a topic

related to the production/maintenance/renewable energy or on advanced topic in

Electrical /Electronics/Computer related subjects

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