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DIPLOMA COURSE

IN

ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING

SEMESTER SYSTEM
(DRAFT COPY)

PREPARED AT
Curriculum Development Centre, Kalamassery
By The Staff of the Technical Education Department
2

SUBJECTS OF STUDY AND SCHEME OF


EVALUATION

Branch: ELECTRICAL
First Year (Semesters I & II Combined)
Periods Per Week Evaluation (Marks)
CODE SUBJECT Theory Practical Total Theory Practical Internal Total
THEORY:
GE 101 English 4 ----- 4 100 ---- 25 125
GE 102 Technical 6 ----- 6 100 ---- 25 125
Mathematics
Applied Science
GE 103A Physics 3 ---- 3 50 ---- 12.5 62.5
GE 103B Chemistry 3 ----- 3 50 ---- 12.5 62.5
GE 104 Engineering 1 3 4 100 ----- 50 150
Graphics
GE 105 Computer 2 1 3 100 ---- 25 125
Fundamentals &
ProgramminginC

EE 106 Basic Electrical 4 ----- 4 100 ---- 25 125


Engg-1

PRACTICAL:

GE 107 Applied
Science Lab ----- 2 2 ---- 50 25 75
Physics
Chemistry

EE 108 Workshop
Practice ----- 6 6 ---- 100 50 150

TOTAL 23 12 35 600 150 250 1000


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SUBJECT TITLE : ENGLISH


SUBJECT CODE : GE 101
PERIODS / WEEK : 4
PERIODS / YEAR : 128

TOTAL MARKS : 100 (YEARLY EXAMINATION FOR I AND II


SEMESTERS)

TIME SCHEDULE

UNIT TOPICS PERIODS

I a) Lessons – From Ignited minds


The dream and the message 10
Give us a role model 10
II a) Lessons – From Ignited minds
Visionary teachers and scientists 15

III a) Phonetics and Grammar


Introducing speech sounds
Consonants, Vowels, Syllables,
Stress etc.
Tense, Nouns, Verbs, Articles,
Active voice and Passive voice
Prepositions, Adverbs, Auxiliaries,
Direct and Indirect Speech
Formation of Questions & Question tags 29

IV a) Lessons – from Ignited minds


Learning from Saints & Seers 15
Patriotism Beyond Politics and Religion 15
To My Country Men 5
Epilogue 5

V a) Composition
Essay writing
Comprehension
Precis writing
Note making
Application for Jobs
Preparation of bio – data 24

Total Periods 128


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4

AIM :

The special needs of the technical students in English language require a curriculum
that enables them to handle the language as an effective tool for communication. An
integration of the four – fold language abilities namely listening, speaking, reading and
writing aims at developing the ability to correctly and effectively use the language for
specific technical requirements. Thus the teaching of English language to Technical
students will definitely help them for their performance in their professional needs.

OBJECTIVES :

1. Comprehension

1.1 Discriminate words and derive ideas in a speech/writing


1.2 Express the main ideas in a summary
1.3 Organise logically the piece of information provided.
1.4 Comprehend written English available in the prescribed text.

2. Vocabulary

2.1 Identify the key words


2.2 Relate the correct meaning to the terms used
2.3 Extend the vocabulary
2.4 Use a thesaurus
2.5 Study the arrangement of words in sentences
2.6 Identify the structural functions of words in sentences.
3. Grammar

3.1 Use of tense forms


3.2 Nouns, Verbs, Articles
3.3 Identify sentence types
3.4 Analyse the different types of sentences
3.5 Study the ways of negation
3.6 Convert direct speech into Indirect speech
3.7 Realise active and Passive Voice constructions.
5

4. Composition

4.1 Practice writing essays, précis, note making


4.2 Preparation of Application for Jobs and Bio – data

5. Spoken Communication

5.1 Distinguish between formal and informal speech situations


5.2 Simulate model conversations
5.3 Converse within the peer group
5.4 Conduct seminars on topics learned in the text.
5.5 Conduct model Interviews
5.6 Arrange group discussions on General topics

6. Pronunciation

6.1 Introduce speech sounds


6.2 Consonants, Vowels, Syllables, Stress etc.
6.3 Find out pronunciation of words from dictionary
6.4 Transcribe words and short passages in broad phonemic script
6

ST UDY MATERI AL S

1. Ignited Minds by A.P.J. Abdul Kalam Published by Penguin Books


Chapters : The Dream and the message, Give us a role model, Visionary teachers
and scientists. Learning from Saints and seers, Patriotism beyond politics and
religion, To my country men, Epilogue.
2. Essential English Grammar by Raymond Murphy Published by Cambridge
University Press.
3. Intermediate English Grammar by Raymond Murphy published by Cambridge
University Press.
4. Phonetics – A Text Book of English Phonetics for Indian Students by T.
Balasubramaniam Published by Macmillan India (P) Ltd.
5. Composition – A Text Book of Two way Communication Techniques by Prof.
P.P. John Published by Publication Division, University of Calicut.
6. English Pronouncing dictionary by Daniel Jones Publishesd by Cambridge
University Press.

SCHEME FOR SETTING QUESTION PAPERS


TOTAL MARKS : 100
DURATION : 3 HOURS
I Short answer questions 7 Numbers Answer any 5 (5X2) 10 marks
II Paragraph questions 7 Numbers Answer any 4 (4X5) 20 marks
III Essay questions 3 Numbers Answer any 1 (1X10) 10 marks
IV Grammar 30 marks
V Phonetics 10 marks
VI Composition 20 marks

Total 100 marks


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SUBJECT TITLE : TECHNICAL MATHEMATICS


SUBJECT CODE : GE 102
PERIODS/WEEK : 6
PERIODS/YEAR : 6 x 32 = 192

TIME SCHEDULE

UNIT TOPIC PERIODS

I 1.1 Matrices 8
1.2 Determinants 6
1.3 Binomial Series 6
1.4 Trigonometric Functions 8
Tutorials 4
(1 pd/week)
Test on Topics 1.1 to 1.4 3

II 2.1 Properties of Trigonometric functions 7


2.2 Properties of triangles 6
2.3 Solutions of a triangle 7
2.4 Co-ordinate Geometry 8
Tutorials 4
(1 pd/week)
Test on Topics 2.1 to 2.4 3

III 3.1 Functions and Limits 8


3.2 Methods of Differentiation – I 10
3.3 Methods of Differentiation – II 10
Tutorials 4
(1 pd/week)
Test on Topics 3.1 to 3.3 3

IV 4.1 Application of differentiation 10


4.2 Maxima and minima 8
4.3 Indefinite Integral 10
Tutorials 4
(1 pd/week)
Test on Topics 4.1 to 4.3 3

V 5.1 Integration by parts 6


5.2 Definite Integral 6
5.3 Application of integration 8
5.4 Differential Equations 8
Tutorials 4
(1 pd/week)
Test on Topics 5.1 to 5.4 3

Revision 10
Model test and feed back 7
---------
192
8

OBJECTIVES

On completion of the units, the student will be able to

UNIT – I

1.1 Matrices
1.1.0 Understand operations on matrices such as addition, subtraction, transpose,
adjoint, inverse and multiplication
1.1.1 Define a matrix
1.1.2 Identify the type of a given matrix
(Square, Unit, Singular etc)
1.1.3 Perform operations of addition and multiplication of a given matrix
1.1.4 Define – transpose, adjoint and inverse of a matrix
1.1.5 Find the inverse of 2 x 2 and 3 x 3 matrices
1.1.6 Solve linear equations by using the inverse of the coefficient matrix

1.2 Determinants
1.2.0 Solve simultaneous linear equations using determinants
1.2.1 Evaluate determinants of second and third order
1.2.3 Find the minors and cofactors of the elements in a determinant
1.2.4 Solve simultaneous linear equations in 3 unknowns using Cramer’s rule.
1.2.5 Elimination of three linear equations in to unkowns.

1.3 Binomial series


1.3.0 Understand the binomial theorem for positive integers
1.3.1 State the meaning of nCr
1.3.2 Derive formula for nCr and the proof of nCr = nCn-r
1.3.3 State the Binomial theorem for positive integers
1.3.4 Find a given term in a binomial expansion

1.4 Trigonometric functions


1.4.0 Understand the concept of trigonometric functions of any angle
1.4.1 Define trigonometric functions
1.4.2 Describe signs of trigonometric functions in each quadrant
1.4.3 Find other functions, given a trigonometric function and its quadrant
1.4.4 Find the trigonometric values of the angle between 0˚ and 360˚.
1.4.5 Find the value of trigonometric functions by using tables.

UNIT – II

2.1 Properties of Trigonometric Functions

2.1.0 Apply properties of trigonometric functions of compound angles,


multiple
and submultiple, sum and product formulae
2.1.1 State the identities for sin (A± B), cos (A± B), tan (A ±B).
2.1.2 Solve the problems of the types
(1) Prove that Cos A - Sin A = tan (45˚ -A)
Cos A + Sin A
2.1.3 Prove the formulas for Sin 2A, Cos 2A, tan 2A, Sin 3A and Cos 3A
9

2.1.4 State the identities for SinA, CosA, tanA in terms of A/2.
2.1.5 Solve the problems of the type: if Sin A = 0.6 and A is acute, find sin 2A
and cos A/2
2.1.6 Express sum or difference of two sines or two cosines as a product and
vice versa.
2.1.7 Apply sum and product formulae to do the problems of the type
(1) Sin A + Sin 3A+ Sin 5A = tan 3A
Cos A+Cos 3A+ Cos 5A
(2) Sin 10˚ Sin 50˚ Sin 70˚ = 1/8

2.2 Properties of Triangles


2.2.0 Understand the properties of triangles
2.2.1 State and prove the following identities
1) a = b = c = 2R
Sin A Sin B Sin C
2) a² = b²+c²-2bc cos A
3) a = b Cos C + c Cos B
2.2.2 State and prove
1) Napier’s formula
tan ( B-C ) = b-c cot (A/2)
2 b+c

2) (b-c) cos (A/2) = a sin (B-C)


2
2.3 Solution of triangles
2.3.0 Solve a triangle given necessary data
2.3.1 Solve a triangle, given
1) Three sides
2) Two sides and the included angle by using Napier’s formula.

2.4 Co-ordinate Geometry


2.4.0 Understand various forms of the equation of a straight line
2.4.1 Define slope of a straight line
2.4.2 Find the slope of a line joining two points (xı,yı) and (x2,y2)
2.4.3 Derive the equation of a straight line of the form
1) y = mx + c
2) y-yı = m(x-xı)
3) y-yı = x-xı
yı-y2 xı-x2
4) x + y = 1
a b
2.4.4 Find the equation of a line given suitable data using any of the above form.
2.4.5 Find the slope and intercepts on the axes, given a linear equation in ‘x’ and ‘y’.
2.4.6 Find the point of intersection of two lines whose equations are given
2.4.7 Find the angle between two lines
2.4.8 Find the condition for two lines are
1) Parallel
2) Perpendicular
2.4.9 Find the equation of the line
1) Parallel and
2) Perpendicular to a given line and passing through a given point.
10

UNIT – III

3.1 Functions and Limits


3.1.0 Understand the concepts of functions and limits
3.1.1 Give example for functions
3.1.2 Explain the meaning of limit of the following type
1) f(x) =l
x -> a

2) limit 1/x = 0
x ->α
3.1.3 Find the limit of the following type
1) limit 2x + 1
x->1 3x - 2
2) limit 2x² + 3x
x-> α 5x² + 4x + 1
3) limit x² – 3x
x->3 x² - 9
3.1.4 verify the following results
1) limit xn – an = n a n-¹, when n is rational
x->a x – a
2) limit Sin = 1, is in radian
ø ->0 ø
3.1.5 Solve problems of the type
1) Limit √x - √a
x->a x - a
2) limit Sin mø
ø->0 ø
3.1.6 Describe the general definition of continuous functions

3.2 Methods of Differentiation – I

3.2.0 Apply the methods of differentiation


3.2.1 Define the derivative of a function y = f(x) as limit ∆y
∆x->0 ∆x
3.2.2 Show the geometrical concept of derivatives
3.2.3 Find the derivatives of xn, Sinx, and Cosx from first principles
3.2.4 State the rules of differentiation
1) Sum or difference
2) Product
3) Quotient
3.2.5 Find derivatives of ex and log n. State all the fundamental formulae
3.2.6 Apply the rules and differentiate simple functions of the type
1) x² sec x
2) tan x
x² + 1
3) x Cosec x
3x – 2
11

3.3 Methods of Differentiation – II


3.3.0 Apply different methods of differentiation
3.3.1 Find the derivatives if the functions of the form
[f(x)]n, Sin f(x), Cos f(x), with respect to x.
3.3.2 Find the derivatives of

eSinx, log sinx, (x²+1)10 Sec5x, Sin 2x, Cot5 (x³), log (sec x + tan x)
1+cos2x
3.3.3 Find the derivative of the implicit functions of the form
ax² + 2hxy + by² = 0
3.3.4 Differentiate parametric functions of the type
x = f(x), y = g(t)
3.3.5 Find the second derivative of the functions
y = x , y = x² sinx
x-2
3.3.6 Solve the problem of the type
If y = x2 cos x, show that
x² d²y – 4x dy + (x²+6) y = 0
dx² dx

UNIT – IV

4.1 Applications of Differentiation


4.1.0 Apply the theories of differentiation in different problems
4.1.1 State geometrical meaning of derivatives
4.1.2 Find the slope of the curve
y = x² - 3x + 2 at (3,2)
y = tan x at x = π/3
4.1.3 Find the equation of the tangent and normal to the semi circle
y = √25-x² at (4,3) on it
4.1.4 Solve problems of the type: The radius of a circular plate is increasing in length
at 0.1 cm per second. What is the rate at which the area is increasing when the
radius is 12 cm.
4.1.5 Solve problems of the type: A spherical balloon is inflated with air such that its
volume increases at the rate 5.c.c per second. Find the rate at which its curved
surface is increasing when its radius is 7 cm.
4.1.6 Solve problems of the type: The displacement ‘S’ in time ‘t’ is given by S =
2/3t+ Cost at t = π/4; find the velocity and acceleration

4.2 Maxima and Minima


4.2.0 Apply the concept of derivative to find maxima and minima
4.2.1 State the conditions for a function
y = f(x) to be (1) increasing (2) decreasing
4.2.2 State the conditions for maximum and minimum values of a function
4.2.3 Solve the problem of the type:
1) Find the maximum and minimum values of y = x³ – 18 x² + 96 x
2) Prove that a rectangular of fixed perimeter has its maximum area when it
becomes a square.
12

4.3 Indefinite integral


4.3.0 Apply various methods of integration
4.3.1 Explain that f(x)dx = f(x) + c means d [f(x)+c) = f(x), c being an arbitrary
constant
dx
4.3.2 State the standard formulas of integral xn, sinx, cos x, ex, etc

4.3.3 Find the integrals using the rules


1) (u + v) dx = udu + vdx
2) kudx = k udx
4.3.4 Evaluate the integrals of the form
1) f(ax+b) dx
2) sin²x dx
4.3.5 Evaluate the integrals of the form
1) x sin (x²) dx
2) 2x4 dx
1+x10
3) cos³x sin x dx
4) ex² x dx

UNIT – V

5.1 Integration by parts

5.1.0 Solve the problems of the type

1) x cos x dx
2) x² e-x dx
3) x log x dx
4) log x dx

5.2 Definite Integrals

5.2.0 Understand the concept of definite integral


5.2.1 Define the definite integral
b

f(x) dx = f(b) – f(a) where F¹(x) = f(x)


a

5.2.2 Evaluate the definite integral


1

1) x (1-x) ² dx
0
13

π
2) sin²x dx
0

3) x √1+x² dx
0

π
4) 1-Sinx dx
0 x+Cosx
π/2
5) x cosx dx
0

5.3 Application of Integration


5.3.0 Apply the concept of definite integral to solve problems of the following
5.3.1 Find the area bounded by a curve, two ordinates (abscissa) and x – axis (y axis)
5.3.2 Find Volume of a solid of revolution about x or y axis

5.4 Differential equations


5.4.0 Solve simple differential equations of first order
5.4.1 Solve the differential equation of the variable separable type
5.4.2 Solve the differential equation of the form dy/dx + Py = Q where P and Q are
simple functions of x

CONTENT DETAILS

UNIT – I

1.1 Matrices

Matrix notation, order of a matrix, and type of matrices: - Square matrix, unit matrix, Zero
matrix, and Singular matrix. Transpose of a matrix, symmetric and skew-symmetric
matrices, sum and product of matrices, Adjoint of a matrix, inverse of a matrix (definition
only) and problems.

1.2 Determinants

Determinants of second and third order matrices, minors and cofactors, Cramer’s rule,
solution of simultaneous linear equations in three unknowns by Cramer’s rule. Elimination of
three linear equations in two unknowns.

1.3 Binomial series

Idea of nCr, Value of nCr (no derivation). Binomial theorem for positive integers (no proof),
finding a given term in a Binomial Expansion.
14

1.4 Trigonometric functions

Definition of trigonometric functions of an angle in any quadrant, Signs of trigonometric


functions of related angles, Given a trigonometric functions of an angle and its quadrant find
others. Find the values of the trigonometric functions between 0˚ and 360˚.

UNIT – II

2.1 Properties of trigonometric functions

Addition formulae, Multiple and Sub-multiple formulae, Sum and Product formulae, simple
problems.

2.2 Properties of triangles

State and prove Sine rule, Cosine rule and projection formula. State and prove Napier’s
formula and simple problems relating to this.

2.3 Solution of triangle

Solve the triangle given


1. Three sides
2. Two sides and the included angle (use Napier’s formula)

2.4 Co-ordinate geometry

Straight line-Slope, Equations of a straight line in the forms


1) Y = mx + C,
2) y-yı = m(x-xı),
3) y-yı = x-xı
yı-y2 xı-x2
4) x+y=1
a b
Points of Intersection of two lines, Angle between two lines, Conditions for two lines,
Conditions for two lines to be parallel and predicator.

UNIT – III

3.1 Function and Limits

Definition, some problems for finding limits, Properties


Limit xn-an = nan-1 and limit Sinǿ = 1 (statements only),
x -> a x-a φ -> 0 φ
General definition of continuous functions.
15

3.2 Methods of Differentiation I

Definition of derivative of xn, Sin x, Cos x etc by using first principle, find derivatives of ex
and log x, Fundamental formulas, product and Quotient rules (statement only). Derivatives
of other trigonometric functions, Simple problems.

3.3 Methods of Differentiation II

Function of a function rule, Differentiation of implicit and parametric equations, problems on


differentiation of functions involving these forms, second order derivatives, Simple problems.

UNIT – IV

4.1 Application of Differentiation

Geometrical meaning of derivatives, Slope, Tangent, Normal and Equation of a straight line,
Rate of change.
Problems connecting Area and Volume, Velocity and Accelerations.

4.2 Maxima and Minima

Increasing and Decreasing functions, Turning points, Finding Maximum and Minimum
values of a function by using derivatives, Conditions for Maximum and Minimum, Simple
problems.

4.3 Indefinite Integral

Definition of integration, Fundamental formulas, Problems, Integration by substitution,


function of the form ∫ f (g (x) g¹ (x) dx, ∫ f (ax + b)n dx

UNIT – V

5.1 Integrates by parts

Integral of the product of two functions, formula (without proof) and simple problems.

5.2 Definite Integral


π/2 π/2

Definitions, simple problems, Sin²x dx, Sinx dx


0 0 √1-cosx

5.3 Application of integration

Finding areas between the curve y = f(x) and the axes, Volume of the solid, Problems

5.4 Differential equations:

Solutions of equations of the form Variable separable, Linear equations.


16

REFERENCE BOOKS

1. Washington A.J. : Basic Technical Mathematics, Addison Wesley


2. Green John. R : Calculus with Analytic Geometry, McGraw Hill Book Co.,
3. Karuppannan. T.C. : Mathematics for Technical Students, Macmillan and Co.,
4. T.T.T.I. Madras : Mathematics for Technicians Vol. I and II,
Sehgal Educational Consultants (P) Ltd, Faridabad
5. Shanti Narayanan : Algebra

....
17

SUBJECT TITLE : APPLIED SCIENCE – A - PHYSICS


SUBJECT CODE : GE 103 A
PERIODS/WEEK : 3
PERIODS/YEAR : 96

TIME SHEDULE

UNIT TOPIC PERIODS

I 1.1 Units And Dimensions 5


1.2 Dynamics 14
1.3 Work, Power and Energy 5
1.4 Rotational Dynamics 6
Test – I 2

II 2.1 Statics 10
2.2 Elasticity 4
2.3 Fluid Flow 5
2.4 Viscosity 3
2.5 Surface Tension 3
2.6 Simple Harmonic Motion 5
Test – 2 2
III 3.1 Optics 7
3.2 Electricity 12
3.3 Semiconductors 6
3.4 Laser 2
3.5 Photoelectric Effect 3
Test – 3 2
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Total 96
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OBJECTIVES

On Completion of the unit, the student will be able to

UNIT – I

1.1 Units And Dimensions


1.1.0 Understand the concept of units and measurements with a basic knowledge
about dimensions
1.1.1 Define Unit of a physical quantity.
1.1.2 Explain the principle of measurement.
1.1.3 Identify fundamental and derived units.
1.1.4 Define dimension of a physical quantity.
1.1.5 Derive dimensional formula for physical quantities.
18

1.2 Dynamics
1.2.0 Apply the dynamics of a particle in practical situations.

1.2.1 Identify vector and scalar quantities.


1.2.2 Derive the expression Sn = u+a (n – ½)
1.2.3 Solve Problems related to gravity with equations of motion.
1.2.4 Derive the expressions for time of flight, horizontal range and maximum
height for a projectile.
1.2.5 Solve the problems based on the above expression
1.2.6 State the Newton’s laws of motion
1.2.7 Define the terms:
1. Force 2. Inertia 3. Momentum
1.2.8 Derive the relation F = ma
1.2.9 State Law of conservation of momentum and prove it in the case of two
bodies making a collision.
1.2.10 Explain the principle behind recoil of gun and derive an expression for recoil
velocity.
1.2.11 Solve Problems related to Laws of motion.
1.2.12 Define angular displacement, angular velocity and angular acceleration.
1.2.13 Derive relation between linear velocity and angular velocity.
1.2.14 Derive expression for centripetal acceleration.
1.2.15 Apply the principle of centripetal force in the case of banking of roads and
rails.
1.2.16 Solve problems related to centripetal force.

1.3 Work, Power and Energy


1.3.0 Understand the concepts of work, power and energy and their applications
1.3.1 Define 1. Work 2. Power 3. Energy
1.3.2 Distinguish between Potential Energy and Kinetic Energy and mention the
expressions for them.
1.3.3 Solve problems using the above expressions.

1.4 Rotational Dynamics

1.4.0 Understand the dynamics of a rotating body.

1.4.1 Define Moment of Inertia of a rigid body


1.4.2 Define Radius of gyration
1.4.3 Scale theorems of parallel and perpendicular axes.
1.4.4 Define Torque
1.4.5 Mention relation between torque and angular momentum.
1.4.6 Mention the expression for kinetic energy of rotation.
1.4.7 Derive an expression for moment of inertia of a uniform circular disc about
an axis passing through its center and perpendicular to its plane.
1.4.8 Derive expression for kinetic energy of a disc rotting on a horizontal plane.
1.4.9 Solve problems using the above expressions.
19

UNIT – II

2.1 Statics

2.1.0 Understand the principles of statics and its applications

2.1.1 Add Vectors using triangle method.


2.1.2 Define Resultant and Equilibrant of vectors.
2.1.3 State Parallelogram law of forces.
2.1.4 Derive expression for resultant using Parallelogram law.
2.1.5 State the law of triangle of forces.
2.1.6 State Lami’s theorem.
2.1.7 Explain moment of a force.
2.1.8 State the conditions of equilibrium of a rigid body acted upon by a large
number of coplanar parallel forces.
2.1.9 Derive expression for work done by a couple.

2.2 Elasticity

2.2.0 Comprehend the concept of elasticity

2.2.1 Define Stress, Strain and Elastic limit.


2.2.2 State Hooke’s law.
2.2.3 Derive expression for Young’s modulus, rigidity modulus and bulk modulus.
2.2.4 Solve Problems related to modulus of elasticity.

2.3 Fluid Flow

2.3.0 Understand the principle of fluid flow

2.3.1 Distinguish between Streamline and Turbulent flow.


2.3.2 Explain Pressure energy, Kinetic energy and Potential energy of a liquid.
2.3.3 Mention equation of continuity.
2.3.4 State Bernouille’s theorem.
2.3.5 Explain the working of airfoil and atomizer.

2.4 Viscosity

2.4.0 Apply the principle of viscosity in solving problems.

2.4.1 Define coefficient of viscosity.


2.4.2 Give the Poiseusilles formula.
2.4.3 Explain terminal velocity.
2.4.4 Mention Stoke’s formula.
2.4.5 Explain the effect of temperature on viscosity
2.4.6 Solve problems using Poiseuille's formula.
20

2.5 Surface Tension

2.5.0 Comprehend the phenomenon of surface tension and its applications.

2.5.1 Define surface tension.


2.5.2 Define surface energy.
2.5.3 Derive the relation between surface tension and surface energy.
2.5.4 Mention the expression for the excess of pressure issued a spherical drop and
bubble.
2.5.5 Solve problems related to surface tension.

2.6 Simple Harmonic Motion

2.6.0 Comprehend the concept of wave motion

2.6.1 Define Simple Harmonic motion.


2.6.2 Derive equation for S.H. motion.
2.6.3 Explain period, frequency, amplitude and phase.
2.6.4 Distinguish between transverse and longitudinal waves.
2.6.5 Define wavelength.
2.6.6 Derive the relation V= nλ
2.6.7 Explain resonance.
2.6.8 Explain ultrasonic frequency.
2.6.9 Mention applications of ultrasonic.

UNIT – III

3.1 Optics

3.1 Understand the concept of optical phenomena

3.1.1 State Snell’s law of refraction.


3.1.2 Explain critical angle and total internal reflection.
3.1.3 Explain the propagation of light through optic fiber.
3.1.4 Convex and concave mirror- focus, image formation.
3.1.5 Mention the formula 1/u + 1/v = 1/f ( No derivation)
3.1.6 Convex and concave lens - focus, image formation.
3.1.7 Mention the formuls 1/f= (n-1)(1/R1 - 1/R2) , No derivation
3.1.8 Simple microscope, Magnifying power m=1+D/f , No derivation.
3.2 Electricity
3.2 Understand the fundamentals of electricity and its magnetic effect
3.2.1 State Kirchoff’s law.
3.2.2 Derive expression for balancing cudilien of wheat Stories Bridge.
3.2.3 State Biots and Savarts law.
3.2.4 Mention the expression for magnetic field due to current through a circular
cuf.
3.2.5 State Fleming’s left hand rule.
3.2.6 Describe the principle and construction of a moving coil galvanometer.
3.2.7 Explain the conversion of galvanometer into ammeter and voltmeter
3.2.8 Solves problems based on the above laws.
21

3.3 Semiconductors

3.3 Comprehend the working of semiconductor devices

3.3.1 Explain P.N. Junction.


3.3.2 Describe a junction transistor PNP and NPN.
3.3.3 Explain transistor configuration.
3.3.4 Describe a common emitter amplifier.
3.3.5 Represent Logic gates symbolically.
3.3.6 Explain with the help of truth table.

3.4 Laser

3.4 Understand laser action and its application

3.4.1 Explain population inversion, spontaneous emission, stimulated emission and


optical pumping.
3.4.2 Write down the characteristics of LASER.
3.4.3 Describe various applications of Laser.

3.5 Photoelectric Effect

3.5.0 Comprehend the theories of photoelectric effect

3.5.1 Describe Max planks quantum theory.


3.5.2 Explain Photoelectric effect and its application.
3.5.3 State Laws of Photoelectric emission.
3.5.4 Device Einstein’s photoelectric equation.
3.5.5 Solve problems using the above equation.

CONTENT DETAILS

UNIT – I

1.1 Units and dimensions

Units – fundamental and derived units. Systems of units – S.I. Dimensions – Application –
Derivation of expression of period of a simple pendulum using dimension.

1.2 Dynamics

Equation of motion (re-capitulation only) - Derivation of Sn = U + a (n – ½) - Acceleration due to


gravity – equation of motion under gravity. Numerical problems.
Projectile motion – Derivation of expressions for Time of flight, Horizontal range, Maximum
height Problems.
Linear Momentum, Newton’s laws of motion – Definition of force and inertia – Derivation of F =
ma – Unit of force. Law of conservation of momentum – Derivation – Recoil of gun. Numerical
Problems.
Circular motion – definitions for angular displacement angular velocity and angular acceleration
– relation between linear velocity and angular velocity (deviation). Centripetal acceleration and
22

centripetal force-derivation-examples Banking of roads and rails (qualitative) centrifugal force –


Numerical problems.

1.3 Work, power and energy

Definitions for Work, Power, Energy – Units of work – Power and energy, Potential energy and
Kinetic energy – Expression for P.E and K.E. (no derivation). Numerical problems.

1.4 Rotational Dynamics

Moment of inertia of a rigid body – Radius of gyration. Theorems of Parallel and Perpendicular
axis (only statement) – Angular momentum Torque – Relation between Torque and angular
momentum (no derivation) expression for K.E. of rotation (no derivation). Moment of Inertia of
a uniform circular disc about an axis passing through its center and Perpendicular to its Plane
(derivation) – K.E. of disc rolling on a horizontal Plane. Numerical problems.

UNIT – II

2.1 Statics

Vectors and Scalars – Triangle Method of vector addition – Concurrent forces – Resultant and
equilibrant – Parallelogram law – Derivation of the resultant in Magnitude and direction – Law of
triangle of forces – Lami’s theorem – Resolution of forces – Parallel forces – Like and unlike
Parallel forces – moment of force- Conditions of equilibrium of body under the action of a
number of coplanar parallel forces couples – Moment of a couple – work done by a couple –
Numerical problems.

2.2 Elasticity

Elastic and plastic bodies – Stress – Strain – units - Hooke’s law – Young’s Modulus Rigidity
modulus, Bulk modulus – Numerical problems.

2.3 Fluid flow

Stream line and turbulent flow – Pressure enemy, Potential energy and kinetic energy of a liquid
– Equation of continuity – Bernoulli’s theorem – Applications – Air foil and Atomizer.

2.4 Viscosity

Viscous force – Coefficient of viscosity – Unit dimension - Poiseuille’s formula (no derivation).
Stokes formula - Variation of viscosity with temperature - Numerical problems.

2.5 Surface tension

Surface tension - Surface energy – Relation between S.T and Surface energy (Proof) – Expression
for excess of Pressure inside a spherical drop and bubble (no derivation) – Problems.

2.6 Simple Harmonic Motion

Definition of Simple Harmonic Motion – Examples – SHM as projection of uniform circular


motion on any diameter of a circle – Equation of SHM – Period, frequency, amplitude, phase
23

motion – Transverse and longitudinal waves. Definition of wavelength and frequency –


Derivation of relation V + fλ - free vibration – forced vibration – Resonance – Ultrasonic
Applications.

UNIT – III

3.1 Optics

Smells law of refraction – Critical angle – Total internal reflection – Optical fiber Convex and
concave mirror – Focus, image formed by mirror (Qualitaive idea only), Mention the formula 1/u
+ 1/v = 1/f, (no derivation) – Convex and concave lens, focus image formed by lenses(qualitative
idea only), mention the formula 1/f = 9n-1)[1/R1 - 1/R2] , no derivation. Simple microscope –
magnifying power m=1+d/f, No derivation.

3.2 Electricity

Kirchoff’s Laws – WheatStone’s bridge - Condition for balancing – Magnetic effect of Electricity
– Biot and Savart Law – Right hand palm rule – Magnetic field due to current through circular
coil at a point on the axial line and at the center (no derivation) – Fleming’s Left hand rule –
Force on a current carrying Conductor placed in a magnetic field – moving coil galvanometer –
theory and construction – Conversion of a galvanometer into ammeter and voltmeter – Numerical
problems.

3.3 Semiconductors

PN Junction – Junction transistor – Transistor configuration, α and β – Common emitter


amplifier.
Logic gates (symbolic representation and truth task only) – AND, OR, NOT gates – universal
gates NAND, NOR, XOR gates.

3.4 Laser

Population inversion, Spontaneous emission, stimulated emission, optical pumping –


characteristics – applications.

3.5 Photoelectric Effect

Quantum theory – Photoelectric effect – Laws of photoelectric effect – Einstein’s photoelectric


equation – Numerical problems.

REFERENCE BOOKS

1. Physics - Halliday and Resnick


2. Mechanics - D.S. Mathur
3. Optics - Jenkins and White
4. Digital and Computer Principles - Malvino
5. Modern Physics - Murukesan.
24

SUBJECT TITLE : APPLIED SCIENCE – B. CHEMISTRY


SUBJECT CODE : GE 103 B
PERIODS/WEEK : 3
PERIODS/YEAR : 96

TIME SHEDULE

UNIT TOPIC PERIODS

I INORGANIC AND THEORECTICAL CHEMISTRY


1.1 Introduction 9
1.2 Acid Base & Redox Reactions 9
1.3 Water 8
Test – I 1

II PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY
2.1 Electrochemistry 10
2.2 Corrosion 7
2.3 Energetics 10
2.4 Colloids 5
Test – II 1

III ORGANIC CHEMISTRY

3.1 Introduction 4
3.2 Polymers 9
3.3 Paints, Varnishes & Adhesives 6
3.4 Fuels 9
3.5 Environmental Pollution 5
3.6 Chemistry In Action 2
Test – III 1
--------
Total 96
====
25

OBJECTIVES
UNIT - I INORGANIC AND THEORETICAL CHEMISTRY

Introduction

FORMULAE AND EQUATIONS

1.1.0 Review the fundamental ideas in chemistry


1.1.1 Explain the terms atom, molecule, valency, radical, molecular formula
1.1.2 Compute molecular weight from molecular formula
1.1.3 Do the calculations based on simple stoichiometric equations –
weight(s)/volume(s) of product(s)/reactant(s)

STRUCTURE OF ATOM

1.2.0 Understand the basic ideas related to modern approach to the structure of atom
1.2.1 State the fundamental particles – proton, electron, neutron – their charge & mass
1.2.2 Differentiate atomic number & mass number
1.2.3 Explain the concept of isotopes
1.2.4 Describe the dual nature of matter
1.2.5 Outline de-Broglie equation
1.2.6 State Heisenberg’s uncertainty principle
1.2.7 Explain the concept of uncertainty
1.2.8 Distinguish between orbit & Orbital
1.2.9 Illustrate the Hund’s rule & Aufbau principle
1.2.10 Illustrate the electronic configuration of first 20 elements
1.2.11 State modern periodic law
1.2.12 Classify elements based on electronic configuration

CHEMICAL BONDING

1.3.0 Understand the different types of chemical bonds – how & why they are formed
1.3.1 Explain the reason for inactivity of zero group elements
1.3.2 Illustrate ionic, covalent & co-ordinate bond
1.3.3 Define electro-negativity
1.3.4 Explain the polar character of covalent bond & significance of Hydrogen
Bonding
1.3.5 Illustrate the application of hydrogen bonding – high boiling point of water,
density of ice, silky nature of proteins (elementary idea only)

Acid-base & Redox reactions

1.4.0 Appreciate the reactions of acids & bases


1.4.1 Illustrate Arrhenius’ & Lewis concept of acids and bases
1.4.2 Distinguish between strong and weak acids and bases
1.4.3 Explain neutralization
1.4.4 Illustrate the calculation of equivalent weights of acids and bases based on
equations
1.4.5 Explain the electronic concept of oxidation & reduction
26

1.4.6 State oxidation number


1.4.7 Define the O.N concept of oxidisation & reduction
1.4.8 Illustrate redox reactions taking the reactions in Daniel Cell as example

PH & ITS APPLICATIONS

1.5.0 Understand the ionic product of water


1.5.1 State pH – understand its expression
1.5.2 Describe what is pH scale
1.5.3 Solve simple problems
1.5.4 Define buffer solutions
1.5.5 Describe what is acid buffer & basic buffer – one example each

VOLUMETRIC ANALYSIS

1.6.0 Understand the theory behind volumetric analysis


1.6.1 Describe what is meant by the terms titration, end point & indicators
1.6.2 Identify the indicators phenolphthalein/methyl orange to be used in a
given acid-base titration, know the respective pH ranges
1.6.3 Solve problems based on the relation V1N1=V2N2 & V1M1 = V2M2

Water

1.7.0 Understand hard & soft water- definition, types of hardness, its causes & certain methods
of removal
1.7.1 Distinguish between hard water & soft water
1.7.2 Mention the types of hardness
1.7.3 Explain methods of removal of hardness – one each (temp. – boiling, permanent
– ion exchange)
1.7.4 Define degree of hardness
1.7.5 Explain the method of determination of degree of hardness using EDTA –
principle, procedure & calculation
1.7.6 Explain disadvantages of using hard water – wastage of soap in laundry,
formation of boiler scales

UNIT - II PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY


Electrochemistry
2.1.0 Review the outline of electrolysis, distinguish between electrolytic cells & galvanic cells,
identify corrosion as an electrochemical process

2.1.1 Distinguish between a) conductors & insulators b) metallic & electrolytic


conduction c) strong & weak electrolytes
2.1.2 Explain electrolysis taking molten NaCI as example anode reaction & cathode
reaction as oxidisation & reduction.
2.1.3 Explain the applications of electrolysis, electroplating & anodizing
2.1.4 Distinguish between electrolytic cell & galvanic cell, the difference in the sign of
the electrodes in the above cells
2.1.5 Outline the schematic representation of galvanic cell
2.1.6 Explain the classification of galvanic cells as primary & secondary
2.1.7 Illustrate primary cell with Daniel cell as examples
2.1.8 Illustrate secondary cell with lead storage cell as examples
27

2.1.9 Explain the electrode reactions while recharging


2.1.10 Explain the term electrode potential
2.1.11 Define electrochemical series
2.1.12 Illustrate the construction of a galvanic cell – minimum 3 examples
2.1.13 Explain the concept of fuel cells (elementary idea only)
2.1.14 Explain hydrogen-oxygen fuel cell & methanol-oxygen fuel cell
2.1.15 Describe the chemical reactions in the cell
2.1.16 Mention the advantages of fuel cells

Corrosion
2.2.0 Understand the concept of corrosion & identify it as an electrochemical process
2.2.1 Define corrosion
2.2.2 Explain the rusting of iron-mention the conditions for rusting
2.2.3 Explain the electrochemical theory of corrosion
2.2.4 Describe the methods of prevention of corrosion, barrier protection and
sacrificial protection
2.2.5 Explain the theory behind each method learned

Chemical Energetics
2.3.0 Appreciate the basic concepts of ‘Thermodynamics’ & ‘Chemical
Thermodynamics’
2.3.1 Explain the scope and limitations of thermodynamics
2.3.2 Distinguish between a) reversible & irreversible reactions b) exothermic &
endothermic reactions
2.3.4 Explain ‘system & surroundings’
2.3.5 Distinguish between open, closed & isolated systems
2.3.6 Define macroscopic properties
2.3.7 Distinguish between extensive & intensive properties
2.3.8 Describe the different thermodynamic processes like isothermal, adiabatic,
isobaric & isochoric process
2.3.9 State the first law of thermodynamics
2.3.10 Explain internal energy E & ^E
2.3.11 Explain the concept of work & heat
2.3.12 State the mathematical expression for the first law of thermodynamics
2.3.13 State Hess’s Law – only statement & examples (solving problems not expected)
2.3.14 Describe the limitations of the 1st law
2.3.15 Explain the terms a) ‘enthalpy’ H & ^H b) entropy S & ^S
2.3.16 Describe spontaneous & non-spontaneous processes with suitable examples.
2.3.17 State 2nd law of thermodynamics
2.3.18 Explain Gibb’s free energy G & ^G
2.3.19 Derive the mathematical expression (only) for Gibb’s – Helmholtz equation
2.3.20 State 3rd law of thermodynamics

Colloids
2.4.1 Comprehend the methods of preparation, the properties & some industrial
applications of colloid
2.4.2 Define ‘colloids’
2.4.3 Illustrate the different types of colloids with examples.
2.4.4 Describe the method for the preparation of Fe(OH)3 sol
2.4.5 Describe Bredic’s Arc method
2.4.5 Describe the purification of colloids by Dialysis
28

2.4.6 Describe the properties 1) Tyndall effect 2) Brownian movement 3)


electrophoresis 4) coagulation
2.4.7 State Hardy-Schultze rule & explain with examples.
2.4.8 Define Gold-No
2.4.9 Describe the industrial applications – 1) smoke precipitation 2) sewage treatment
3) purification of drinking water

UNIT – III ORGANIC CHEMISTRY


Introduction to organic chemistry
3.1.1 Understand the fundamental ideas of organic chemistry
3.1.2 List the differences between organic & inorganic compounds
3.1.3 Describe the uniqueness of carbon atom
3.1.4 Define ‘catenation’
3.1.4 Distinguish between saturated & unsaturated compounds
3.1.5 Illustrate general classification & that based on functional groups
3.1.6 Define isomerism – explain with simple examples only

Polymers
3.2.0 Understand the nature of some industrially important polymers

3.2.1 Define polymerization


3.2.2 Distinguish between addition & unsaturated compounds
3.2.3 Differentiate between thermoplastics & thermosetting plastics
3.2.4 Outline the merits & demerits of plastics
3.2.5 Distinguish natural rubber from synthetic rubber with suitable examples
3.2.6 Explain vulcanization & its merits
3.2.7 Define “fiber”
3.2.8 Describe different types of fibers with suitable examples

Paints, varnishes, adhesives & lubricants

3.3.0 Appreciate the requisites of good paints


3.3.1 Name the constituents of paints – vehicle, pigment & other additive
3.3.2 Identify the role of various additives – acrylics, polymethanes, fillers,
plastizisers, driers, antiskinning agents (one examples each)
3.3.3 List the two types of varnishes & their constituents
3.3.4 State the common uses of varnishes
3.3.5 List the various constituents of varnish
3.3.6 Explain the principle of lubrication
3.3.7 List the types of lubricants – with one example each
3.3.8 Define ‘adhesives’
3.3.9 List the two types of adhesives
3.3.10 State the applications of 1) paper adhesive 2) wood adhesive 3) metal
bonding adhesive 4) break & clutch bonding adhesive 5) printed circuits

Fuels
3.4.0 Comprehend the classification and use of various types of fuel.
3.4.1 Define “fuel”
3.4.2 Explain their classification into solid, liquid & gaseous
3.4.3 Give brief explanation of solid fuels wood, charcoal, lignite, bituminous coal,
anthracite coal – list their applications
29

3.4.4 Explain briefly the liquid fuels petrol, diesel, kerosene & list their applications
3.4.5 Explain gaseous fuels natural gas (CNG), producer gas, water gas, LPG & Gobar
gas
3.4.6 Describe nuclear fuels with examples
3.4.7 Define 1) calorific value 2) octane number 3) Cetane no.
3.4.8 Explain 1) knocking 2) cracking

Environmental pollution
3.5.0 Investigate the impact of pollution on the environment
3.5.1 Describe the categorization and sources
3.5.2 List the different methods of controlling pollution
1) Effluent treatment 2) removal of toxic gases and particulate materials
3.5.3 Distinguish between BOD & COD

Chemistry in action

3.6.0 Understand some commonly used medicines & propellants


3.6.1 Explain what is 1) dyes 2) antipyretics & analgesics 3) antiseptics & disinfectants
4) tranquilizers 5) antibiotics - mention 2 examples each
3.6.2 Define propellants
3.6.3 Classify propellants with one example each.

CONTENT DETAILS

UNIT – I INORGANIC AND THEORECTICAL CHEMISTRY

1.1 Introduction

Atoms and Molecules, Valency, Molecular formula, Atomic weight, Molecular weight,
Chemical equation, Problems based on Chemical equation.

Structure of atom, Modern approach De-broghi & Heisenberg’s uncertainty Principle


(Elementary idea only) – Concept of Orbit, orbital, Aufban, Hundi, Paul’s Principle – Electric
configuration – Modern Periods Law - classification of elements based on electronic
configuration.

Chemical Bonding - theory of valency – Inertness of Zero group elements - Ionic bond, Co-
ordinate bond, Co-valent bond, Polar character of covalent bond – Hydrogen bond –
Applications High B.P of Water, density of ice, silky nature of protein (Idea only).

1.2 Acids-bases and Redox reactions

Acids-Bases – (Arrherius, & Lewis Concepts) – Concepts of strong and weak acids & bases –
Neutralization - Equivalent weight of acid & bases (Calculate based on Equation) -Oxidation,
Reduction (electronic concept and oxidation No concept) - Redox reaction (Eg: - Daniel Cell
reaction).

Ironic product of water, PH & POH (Definition and expression) PH Scale –


Calculation of PH & POH – Buffer solution (examples) – Application of PH a)
Boiler feed water b) Potable water c) Effluent treatment.
30

Volumetric analysis: Quantitative & Qualitative analysis – Units of measurement of


Concentration (Normality, Morality & PPM) – Titration, Endpoint Acid – Base Indicators
(Phenolphthalein & Methyl orange) – Choice of Indicators.

1.3 Water

Hard & soft water, Types of Hardness – degree of hardness. One method to remove
Temporary hardness (Boiling) – Renormal of permanent hardness (Ion-exchange method) –
disadvantages of using hard water a) Wastage of Soap in laundry) Boil Scales –
Determination of Degree of hardness using EDTA (Principle & Procedure only).
(Problems not expected from the chapter)

UNIT – II PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY

2.1 Electrochemistry & corrosion


Conductors & Insulators, Metallic & electrolyte conductors, strong & weak electrolytes –
Mechanism of electrolysis – Molten Nail – Application of electrolysis – Electroplating &
Anodizing.

Galvanic cell –
Difference in the sign of electrodes – Primary cell (eg: - Daniel cell construction details,
Anode reaction, cathode reaction & Net cell reaction)

Secondary cells –
Lead storage balling, (Constructional details – charging & discharging) Electrochemical senis
– Application in the construction of a cell.

Fuel cells –
Introduction, Hydrogen – Oxygen fuel cell, Methanol – Oxygen fuel (elementary idea only) –
Advantages.

2.2 Corrosion
Definition – Rusting of Fe condition for Rusting of Fe, Electrochemical theory of corrosion,
Preventing of corrosion
i) Barrur protection
ii) Sacrificial protection
iii) Cathodic protection
iv) Antirust solution.

2.3 Chemical Energetics

Understand the term chemical energetic & thermodynamics _ Scope & Limitations of
Thermodynamics. Basic concepts – Reversible & Irreversible reaction, Exothermic &
endothermic reactions, systems & surroundings – Types of systems Open, closed, Isolated –
process – Macroscopic properties – Extensive & Intensive properties.

Thermodynamic process
Isothermal, Adrabalie, Isobaric, Isochoric Process.
First Law of Thermodynamics – (statement)
Internal energy (E) and Internal energy change (E)
Concept of Work & heat
31

Mathematical expression for the 1st Law of thermodynamics


Application of 1st Law (Hess’s Law)
(Statement and eg), Limitation of 1st Law.
Enthalpy (H) and Enthalpy Change (H), Entropy (S) and Entropy Change (S)
Second Law of Thermo dynamics (statement & Mathematical Expression)
Gibbs Free energy (G) and Gibbs free energy change (AG)
Gibbs-Helzmotz equation (expression only)
Third Law of Thermodynamics (statement only)

2.4 Colloids
Definition, Types of colloids, preparation 1) Condensation-e.g. Ferric hydroxide sol 2)
Dispersion- e.g. Bredic’s arc method, purification – dialysis, Properties. 1. Tyndall effect 2.
Brownian movement 3. Electrophoresis 4. Coagulation Hardy – Schulze rule, Gold number
Industrial application 1) Smoke precipitation 2) Treatment of sewage 3) Purification of
drinking water.

UNIT – III ORGANIC CHEMISTRY

3.1 Introduction
Differences between organic and inorganic compounds – uniqueness of carbon – catenation,
saturated and unsaturated – general classification of organic compound – classification based
on functional groups isomerism (definition wish an example).

3.2 Polymers
Polymerization – illustrate with examples – Addition and condensation polymerization with
one example each.
3.3 Plastics - Thermoplastics, Thermosetting plastic, with one example each –
advantages.
3.4 Rubber – Natural and synthetic rubber (example), vulcanization.
3.5 Fiber – Natural fibers, synthetic fibers, semi synthetic fibers, examples.

3.3 Paints and Varnishes and adhesives, lubricants


Requisites of a good paint – Constituents – acrylics, polyurethane, filler, plasticizers,
pigments, driers and antiskinning agents.

VARNISHES
Type, Constituents

LUBRICANTS
Principle of lubrication – Types of lubricants

ADHESIVES
Types and Applications.

3.4 Fuels
Types of fuels - solid, liquid, gaseous and nuclear - Calorific value of fuels. Knocking,
Cracking - Octane number and octave number.

3.5 Environmental pollution


Categorization, Sources and Controlling.
32

3.6 Chemistry ice action:

Dyes – antipyretics and analgesics – antiseptic – disinfectant – tranquilizers – antibiotics


(Concept and two examples each). Propellants – definition classification (solid – liquid –
hybrid) one example each.

REFERENCE BOOKS

1. Soni P.L. A Text Book of Inorganic Chemistry S.Chand & Co., New Delhi

2. Puri B.L. & A Text Book of Inorganic Chemistry Shoban Lal Nagin
Sharma L.R Chand&Co, Jalandhar
3. B.S.Bahl Text book of Organic Chemistry S.Chand & Co., New Delhi
4. I.L. Finar Organic Chemistry – Vol I ELBS & Longman, Group Ltd.,
Arun Bahl
5. Sono. P.L. Textbook of physical Chemistry Sultan Chand & Sons, New
Delhi
6. A.J. Mee Physical Chemistry William Heinemann Ltd.,
London
7. Glasstone & Element of Physical Chemistry Macmillan Press
Lewis
33

SUBJECT TITLE : ENGINEERING GRAPHICS


SUBJECT CODE : GE 104
PERIODS/WEEK : 4
PERIODS/YEAR : 128

TIME SCHEDULE

UNIT TOPIC PERIODS SHEET NO:

I 1.1 Importance of Engineering Graphic 2


1.2 Drawing Instruments 2
1.3 Drawing standards 2
1.4 Free hand Lettering and Numbering 3
1.5 Dimensioning 3 Sheet 1
1.6 Geometric construction 16 Sheet 2
Sheet 3
Test 1 3
----------
31

II 2.1 Projection of Points, Lines and planes 18 Sheet 4


Test 2 3
----------
21

III 3.1 Orthographic Projection of Objects 27 Sheet 5


Test 3 3 Sheet 6
Sheet 7
---------
30

IV 4.1 Sectional views of objects 11 Sheet 8


4.2 Auxiliary views 3
Test 4 3
---------
17
5.1 Pictorial Drawing 8
5.2 Visualization 4
5.3 Perspective Drawing 3
5.4 Development of surfaces 11
Test 5 3
----------
29
Total 128 Periods
34

OBJECTIVES

UNIT - I

On completion of this study the student should be able to –

1.1 Importance of Engineering Graphics

1.1.0 Understand the importance of engineering graphics

1.1.1 Explain the importance of engineering communication medium


1.1.2 Describe the development of engineering graphics and computer aided drafting
CAD
1.1.3 Indicate the link between engineering graphics and other subjects of study in
diploma courses

1.2 Drawing Instruments

1.2.0 Use engineering drawing instruments

1.2.1 Select the proper instrument to draw horizontal, vertical and inclined lines
1.2.2 Select the proper instrument to draw large and small circles and arcs to its
specifications
1.2.3 Select the proper pencil to draw different types of line according to its
specifications
1.2.4 Identify the steps to keep the drawing clean and tiny

1.3 Drawing standards

1.3.0 Appreciate the standards of engineering drawing

1.3.1 Select the drawing sheet


1.3.2 Draw different types of lines
1.3.3 Prepare of title block as per BIS
1.3.4 Fold of drawing sheets as per standards

1.4 Free hand Lettering & Numbering

1.4.0 Apply free hand lettering and numbering

1.4.1 Write drawing tile using sloping and vertical lettering including numerals as per
BIS
1.4.2 Select suitable size of letters of different layout and applications
1.4.3 Write engineering drawings notes using lettering stencils

1.5 Dimensioning

1.5.0 Apply dimensioning as per standards

1.5.1 State the need of dimensioning as per BIS specification


1.5.2 Identify the notations used in a drawing as per BIS
35

1.5.3 Identify the system of placement of the dimensions as per BIS


1.5.4 Dimension of a given drawing according to BIS including features
1.5.5 Apply the rules for dimensioning of standard features, given a drawing
comprising of standard features
1.5.6 Identify principles of dimensioning, given a dimensioned drawing
1.5.7 Identity the correctness or otherwise of an engineering drawing dimensioned as
per
SP 46 and dimension the same correctly

1.6 Geometric construction

1.6.0 Apply principles of geometrical construction

1.6.1 Construct polygon, given the length of the side


1.6.2 Insert a regular polygon in a circle.
1.6.3 Define Ellipse, involutes, helix, Parabola, Hyperbola and Cycloid,
1.6.4 Construct Ellipse by different methods (concentric, eccentricity, parallelogram
1.6.5 Construct an involute, helix, parabola from given data
1.6.6 Identify the application of these constructions in engineering practice.

UNIT – II

2.1 Projection of Points, Lines and Planes

2.1.0 Understand the projection of points, lines and planes

2.1.1 Project points in different quadrants


2.1.2 Project lines parallel to both planes
2.1.3 Project lines perpendicular to HP and || to VP
2.1.4 Project lines perpendicular to VP and || to HP
2.1.5 Project lines inclined to HP and || to VP
2.1.6 Project lines inclined to VP and || to HP
2.1.7 Project lines inclined to both planes-simple direct questions and answers
2.1.8 Find true length of lines
2.1.9 Project of planes parallel to VP and perpendicular to HP
2.1.10 Project planes parallel to HP and perpendicular to VP

UNIT - III

3.1 Orthographic Projection of Objects

3.1.0 Apply principles of orthographic projection

3.1.1 Explain the principle of orthographic projection with simple sketches


3.1.2 Prepare an engineering drawing of a given simple engineering path in first angle
and third angle projection
3.1.3 Draw the orthographic views of an object, given its pictorial drawing
3.1.4 Sketch (free hand) the orthographic views of 3.2 and 3.3
3.1.5 Select the minimum number of views needed to represent a given object fully
3.1.6 Identify the engineering path correctly from a number of orthographic drawings
36

UNIT - IV

4.1 Sectional views of objects

4.1.0 Recognize the need of sectional views

4.1.1 Explain the need to draw sectional views


4.1.2 Select the section place for a given component to reveal maximum information
4.1.3 Draw the sectional views for 4.2
4.1.4 Sketch simple sections (Full and half) for a range of simple engineering objects
4.1.5 Select the component from a given sectional view

4.2 Auxiliary views

4.2.0 Recognize the need of auxiliary views

4.2.1 State whether the auxiliary view is needed, given an engineering drawing
4.2.2 Draw the auxiliary views of a given engineering drawing

UNIT - V

5.1 Pictorial Drawing

5.1.0 Prepare pictorial drawing

5.1.1 Explain the need for and types of commonly used pictorial drawings
5.1.2 Prepare isometric drawing of simple objects using appropriate construction
procedures given their appropriate drawings
5.1.3 Sketch the isometric views of simple engineering objects given either
orthographic drawing or actual components
5.1.4 Prepare oblique drawing – cavalier and cabinet-of simple engineering objects
given either orthographic drawings or actual components
5.1.5 Sketch 5.4 by free hand
5.1.6 Identify the correct pictorial view from orthographic drawings

5.2 Visualization

5.2.0 Visualize and object in 3D, given its orthographic drawings


5.2.1 Compare an engineering part with its drawings
5.2.2 Identify surfaces with reference to orthographic drawing
5.2.3 Prepare a model of the part, given its orthographic drawing

5.3 Perspective Drawing

5.3.0 Prepare perspectives

5.3.1 State the principle of perspective projection


5.3.2 Prepare two-point perspective of a rectangular block
5.3.3 Sketch perspective of combination of rectangular block
37

5.4 Development of surfaces

5.4.0 Prepare development of surfaces

5.4.1 State the need for preparing the development drawings


5.4.2 Prepare development of surfaces of simple engineering component like tray,
funnel, ducts (rectangular and square hopper)
5.4.3 Prepare development of surfaces of 90-degree elbow pipe

CONTENT DETAILS

UNIT - I

1.1 The Importance of Engineering Graphics

Explanation of the scope and objective of this subject – its importance as a graphic
communication, Computer Aided Drafting (CAD) need for preparing drawing as per
standards – BIS, SP 46.

1.2 Drawing Instruments.

Basic drawing instruments – T square – Set square – compass dividers – drawing boards –
Pencils – Drawing papers – Mini drafter – French curves – Stencils – Selection and mode of
using them.

1.3 Drawing Standards

Size of drawing sheets – Layouts of drawing sheet – Title Blocks – Types of lines – Folding
of drawing sheets

1.4 Free hand Lettering and Numbering

Need for legible lettering and numbering on drawings – selection of suitable size of lettering
for different drawing writing of Engineering drawing titles and notes using both vertical and
sloping styles.

1.5 Dimensioning

Function of dimensioning need for dimensioning engineering drawing according to BIS –


rotation used in dimensions – dimension line – extension line – arrow heads and leader –
system of dimensions - method I and method II

1.6 Geometric construction

Construction of regular polygon given the length of its side - methods of inserting a regular
Polygon in a given circle – construction of ellipse by different methods (eccentrically,
concentric circle, parallelogram). Definition of involute, helix, parabola & hyperbola –
Construction of cycloid helix, involute and parabola.
38

UNIT – II

2.1 Projection of points, lines and planes

Projection of points in different quadrants, projection of straight lines parallel to one or both
planes, parallel to one plane –perpendicular to other – inclined to one plane and parallel to
other line inclined to both planes (In first quadrant only)

Methods of finding true length and its inclination with the reference planes. Projection of
planes – parallel to one plane and perpendicular to other plane (in first quadrant only)

UNIT - III

3.1 Orthographic projection of objects

Explanation of the meaning of orthographic projection using a viewing box and a model-
number views obtained need of only three views for displaying the object. Concept front
view, top view and side view-sketching these views for a number of engineering objects-
explanation of the meaning of first angle and third angle projection – symbol of projection

UNIT - IV

4.1 Sectional views of objects

Need for sectional drawing of an engineering object- selection of the section plane to reveal
the maximum information – sectional views (full and half section) of simple engineering
objects.

4.2 Auxiliary views

Need of auxiliary views – auxiliary views given engineering drawings

UNIT - V

5.1 Pictorial drawings

Isometric projection, construction of isometric scales- isometric projection of simple


Engineering objects

Oblique projection cavalier and cabinet of simple Engineering objects

5.2 Visualization

Preparation of pictorial views from a group of orthographic drawings

5.3 Perspective drawing

Principle of perspective projection – type of perspective projection – two-point perspective


of a rectangular block and combination of two rectangular blocks of different sizes
39

5.4 Development of surfaces

Development of surfaces of simple engineering components trace-funnel, ducts-rectangular


and square –hopper-90 degree Elbow

REFERENCE BOOKS

1. Engineering Graphics - K. C. John


2. Engineering Graphics - P. I. Varghese
3. Engineering Graphics - Sageer & Abu
40

SUBJECT TITLE : COMPUTER FUNDAMENTALS & C


PROGRAMMING
SUBJECT CODE : GE 105
PERIODS/WEEK : 3
PERIODS/YEAR : 96

TIME SCHEDULE

UNIT TOPIC PERIODS

I 1.1 Introduction to Computers 12


1.2 Windows & Word Processing 6
Test 1 2

II 2.1 Data Processing 5


2.2 Problem solving methodology 11
Test 2 2

III 3.1 Introduction to C Programming 12


3.2 Programming practice 6
Test 3 2

IV 4.1 Arrays, strings & functions 12


4.2 Programming practice 6
Test 4 2

V 5.1 Graphics in c 7
5.2 Computer Networks 3
5.3 Programming practice 6
Test 5 2
-------
TOTAL 96
===
OBJECTIVES

UNIT – I

1.1.0 Know the application, classification and working of computers

1.1.1 Define a Computer


1.1.2 Discuss the various applications of computers
1.1.3 List the different classifications of computers based on processing
methods
1.1.4 Describe the working of analog, digital and hybrid computers

1.2.0 Appreciate the functions of hardware and software components

1.2.1 Define hardware and software


1.2.2 Discuss about Instruction and program
41

1.2.3 Describe the hardware functional components of a digital computer with the help
of a block diagram
1.2.4 List the functions of ALU, Memory, Input, Output Units and Control Unit
1.2.5 Define CPU and Microprocessor
1.2.6 List the classifications of computers based on capability
1.2.7 Describe micro, mini, mainframe and supercomputers in brief
1.2.8 Discuss machine language, Assembly language and high level language
1.2.9 List the different software components
1.2.10 Define system software and application software
1.2.11 Give examples for system software and application software
1.2.12 State the need for translators – assembler, compiler
1.2.13 Define operating system
1.2.14 List the functions of operating system
1.2.15 List the names of various operating system

1.3.0 Understand the working of memory and input – output devices

1.3.1 Define memory


1.3.2 Discuss the units’ bit, byte, kilobyte, megabyte, gigabyte etc.
1.3.3 Discuss the characteristics of primary memory and secondary memory
1.3.4 Distinguish between sequential access memory and Random Access Memory
1.3.5 Differentiate between Read Only Memory and Read/Write memory
1.3.6 Discuss RAM & ROM
1.3.7 List the different types of ROM
1.3.8 List the different secondary memory devices
1.3.9 Discuss the working of floppy disk, magnetic tape, Hard disk, Compact disk, pen
drives and other new trends
1.3.10 Discuss working of CDROM, CD-R, CD-RW & DVD, combo drive, new trends
1.3.11 List the names of various I/O devices
1.3.12 Discuss input devices – Keyboard, mouse, scanner, Optical Character reader,
Optical Mark reader, bar code reader, digitizer, light pen, joystick, touch screen
and other new trends in brief
1.3.13 Discuss output devices – monitor, Printer, plotter and new trends in brief
1.3.14 Describe the printers – Dot matrix printer, Inkjet printer, Laser printer, Thermal
printer and new trends in brief
1.4.0 Use the provisions of windows o s and word processing

1.4.0 Define Booting


1.4.1 Demonstrate the features of Windows Operating System
1.4.2 Operate various facilities in windows- 95 or higher version such as
Desktop, icon, menu, folder, programs, screen saver, media player, shut
down procedure
1.4.3 Discuss word processing
1.4.4 Prepare documents using WORD - create, format, save, print and open
documents
1.4.5 Prepare presentations using power point – creation and use of slide show
presentations
42

UNIT – II

2.1.0 Use data processing techniques and DBMS (not for theory exam)

2.1.1 Define Data, Database, and Database management system


2.1.2 State the need of spreadsheet
2.1.3 List the name of electronics spreadsheet and DBMS software packages
2.1.4 Use Excel for the creation, formatting, formula, save, print, open close and
exit worksheets
2.1.5 Use Access for the creation, editing and querying of tables

2.2.0 Understand problem solving methodology

2.2.1 List the various steps involved in problem solving


2.2.2 Define what is an Algorithm
2.2.3 Write Algorithm for solving general and computer related problems
2.2.4 Define what is a Flow chart
2.2.5 Discuss the different flow-charting symbols
2.2.6 Draw flow chart for solving general and computer related problems
2.2.7 Define syntax and semantic of programming languages
2.2.8 List the name of two programming methods
2.2.9 Discuss the characteristics of procedural and object oriented programming
languages
2.2.10 Give examples for procedural and object oriented languages

UNIT – III
3.1.0 Use ‘C’ language in programming

3.1.1 Discuss the characteristic of C language


3.1.2 Describe the structure of a C program
3.1.3 State the need for header files, main ()
3.1.4 Discuss the basic data types in C –int., float, and double char
3.1.5 Discuss about identifiers, keywords and declaration of identifiers
3.1.6 Discuss about statements and compound statements
3.1.7 Describe briefly assignment, arithmetic operators, increment-decrement
operators and arithmetic expressions
3.1.8 Discuss operator precedence and rules for evaluation of an expression
3.1.9 State the need of stdio.h
3.1.10 Discuss various input and output statements-printf (), scanf (), getchar (),
Putchar (), getchar ()
3.1.11 Discuss the need of various control sequences and escape sequences
3.1.12 Write simple programs using input/output assignment and arithmetic
statements
3.1.13 Describe the relational operators and relational expressions with their
precedence in brief
43

3.1.14 Describe logical operators with their precedence in brief


3.1.15 Write programs with relational operators and logical operators

3.2.0 Prepare programs involving branching and looping statements

3.2.1 State the need for branching statements


3.2.2 Describe IF, IF ELSE statement, nested IF and IF Ladder
3.2.3 Describe the Switch Statement
3.2.4 Write Programs using IF Else and Switch statement
3.2.5 State the need for looping statements
3.2.6 Discuss the method of looping using While, Do and for loops
3.2.7 Write programs using While, Do and For loops

UNIT – IV

4.1.0 Create arrays and strings

4.1.1 State the need of arrays


4.1.2 Discuss the method declaring arrays and subscripting in arrays
4.1.3 Discuss the method of inputting, processing, and outputting values of
array element
4.1.4 Write program for array processing
4.1.5 Write program for linear search and bubble sort
4.1.6 Discuss about multidimensional arrays
4.1.7 Write programs on multidimensional arrays, matrices manipulation
4.1.8 Discuss the declaration of character string
4.1.9 Discuss various string input and output functions – gets() and puts()

4.2.0 Understand functions in ‘C’ language

4.2.1 State the need for function


4.2.2 Compare user defined and library functions
4.2.3 Discuss the structure of a user defined function and its calling with or
without parameters
4.2.4 Define void function
4.2.5 Describe various library functions – sin (), cos.(),tan(),exp(), abs(),
log(),log10(), pow(), sqrt(), - strlen (), strcpy (), strcmp (), strcat ().
4.2.6 Write simple programs on functions and strings

UNIT – V

5.1.0 Use computer graphics in ‘C’ language to prepare programs

5.1.1 State the use of graphics.h


5.1.2 Define resolution
44

5.1.3 Discuss the functions initgraph(), setcolor(), setbkcolor(), putpixel(),


line(), circle(), rectangle(), outtexty()
5.1.4 Write programs based on graphics

5.2.0 Understand new trends in information technology

5.2.1 Define the word ‘multimedia’


5.2.2 Discuss the components required for a multimedia personal computer
5.2.3 Discuss the specification of an internet ready multimedia computer
5.2.4 Discuss the need for UPS
5.2.5 Define computer network
5.2.6 Define LAN, MAN, WAN
5.2.7 Discuss the concept of Server and client
5.2.8 Discuss Internet, modem, World Wide Web, website and web page, and
e-mail, e-governance, e-commerce, e-business
5.2.9 Explain Internet Browsers
5.2.10 Discuss the method of visiting a website
5.2.11 Discuss Computer virus and anti-virus programs
5.2.12 Define artificial Intelligence and discuss its application fields

CONTENT DETAILS

UNIT – I INTRODUCTION TO COMPUTERS & WORD-PROCESSING

Introduction, application of computers, generations of computers, classification of


computers – analog, digital, hybrid Computers, Structure of a computer - Hardware and
Software components – Input unit, Output unit, ALU, Memory unit, Control unit, CPU,
Microprocessor, micro, mini, supercomputers – machine languages, assembly languages,
high level languages – system soft ware, application software – assembler, compiler,
operating system – Types of memory – primary memory, secondary memory, sequential
access , random access memory, RAM, ROM – magnetic tape, floppy, hard disc,
compact disc – input devices, out put devices.

Practical sessions on Windows O/S, Word, Power point

UNIT – II DATA PROCESSING AND PROGRAMMING METHODOLOGY


Practical session on Electronic spread sheet and DBMS – EXEL, ACCESS

Steps in problem solving – Algorithm, Flowchart- Flow chart symbols- examples syntax,
semantics- types of high level languages – characteristics of high level languages - Types
of high level languages – Examples – Procedural and object oriented programming
languages
45

UNIT – III INTRODUCTION C-PROGRAMMING

Characteristics of C-language – structure of a program header files, main (), Statements,


compound statements, Data types – Keyword and variables, assignment operators,
arithmetic operators, expressions, precedence of operators, order of evaluation –
relational and logical operators - Input /out put statements -– control sequences – escape
sequences – branching statements, if, if-else, switch – looping statements while, do, for
statements.

Writing Sample programs – Practical session on programming

UNIT – IV ARRAYS AND FUNCTIONS

Arrays – declaration, processing, searching, sorting – linear search, bubble sort – multi
dimensional arrays- matrix manipulations, character strings, string declaration, input/out
put functions gets (), puts ()

User defined functions – library functions – structure of functions, calling functions,


argument passing, void functions – mathematical and string library functions – math.h,
stdio.h, string.h

Writing programs – Practical session on programming

UNIT – V GRAPHICS IN C AND NETWORKING

C-Graphics – resolution – graphics functions – initgraph (), setcolor (), setbkcolor (),
putpixel (), Line (), circle (), rectangle (), out text (), outtextxy ()

Multimedia – Computer networking, LAN, WAN- Internet, modem, computer


specification, www-E-mail, internet browsing, computer virus, artificial intelligence.

REFERENCE BOOKS

1. Brian w. Kernigham and Dennys M. Ripchie : The ‘C’ programming Language, PHI
2. Hughes J. K. and Michton J. I. : A structured approach to Programming , Prentice Hall India.
3. Gottfried.B : Theory and problems Programming with C, Tata McGraw Hill.
4. E. Balaguruswamy Programming ANSI C, Tata McGraw Hill.
5. Robert A. Radcliffe: Encyclopedia C , BPB Publications
46

SUBJECT TITLE : BASIC ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING


SUBJECT CODE : EE 101
PEIODS/WEEK :4
PERIODS/YEAR : 128

TIME SCHEDULE

UNIT TOPIC PERIODS

I Electric Circuits and Networks 26


Test 1 1

II Electrostatics and magnetism 24


Test 2 1

III Electromagnetism and AC fundamentals 24


Test 3 1

IV Single phase A. C circuits 26


Test 4 1

V Ploy phase circuits 23


Test 5 1
----------
Total 128
====

OBJECTIVES

UNIT I

1.1.0 Understand the nature of electricity and the network theorems

1.1.1 Define current voltage and resistance and their units


1.1.2 State the laws of resistance
1.1.3 Define the terms, specific resistance, conductance and conductivity
1.1.4 Define temperature coefficient of resistance and mention the effect of
temperature on resistance
1.1.5 Solve problems on temperature co-efficiency of resistance and resistivity
1.1.6 State Ohm’s law as applied to electric circuits
1.1.7 Calculate unknown quantity in electric circuits by applying Ohm’s law
1.1.8 Compute the effective resistance of a given series, parallel and series - parallel
D.C. circuits
1.1.9 Determine the unknown value of voltage and current in any branch of series,
parallel and series parallel circuits
1.1.10 State Kirchoff’s law
1.1.11 Distinguish the sign conventions for voltage drop and e.m.f in a network
1.1.12 Calculate the unknown values in a network applying Kirchoff’s law
1.1.13 State the super position theorem Thevenin’s theorem, Norton’s theorems are
applied to electrical networks
47

1.1.14 Compute the unknown quantity in a network applying the above theorem
1.1.15 Distinguish between Electric power and energy in D.C. circuits
1.1.16 Solve problems on power and energy

UNIT II

2.1.0 Appreciate the phenomena associated with static electricity and magnetism

2.1.1 Distinguish between static and dynamic electricity


2.1.2 Define Absolute permittivity and relative permit in medium
2.1.3 Define the laws of Electrostatics
2.1.4 Define the terms electric field, electric field strength, electrostatic induction, flux
density
2.1.5 Differentiate between potential and potential difference
2.1.6 Derive the expression for potential point in the air
2.1.7 Illustrate the potential of a charged sphere
2.1.8 Explain equipotential surface
2.1.9 Define the term potential gradient, break down voltage and dielectric strength
2.1.10 Describe the idea of a capacitor
2.1.11 Relate capacitance, charge at P.D. of a capacitor
2.1.12 Derive the expression for capacitance of an isolated sphere
2.1.13 Describe spherical capacitor
2.1.14 Derive the capacitance of a parallel plate capacitor in an uniform dielectric
medium
2.1.15 Explain the idea of fixed capacitors and variable capacitors
2.1.16 Derive the expressions for capacitance of series and parallel connected capacitors
2.1.17 Derive the formula for energy stored in a capacitor
2.1.18 Solve problems on parallel plate capacitor Series – parallel connection of
capacitor and energy stored in a capacitor
2.1.19 Distinguish between primary and secondary cell
2.1.20 Mention different types of alkaline cell
2.1.21 Compare lead acid and alkaline cell
2.1.22 Describe the procedure for charging batteries
2.1.23 Distinguish between ampere bar efficiency and watt bar efficiency of a battery
2.1.24 State the maintenance procedure of storage batteries
2.1.25 State specification of batteries
2.1.26 Define the term absolute permeability and relative permeability of a medium
2.1.27 Explain the term field strength, magnetizing force, flux and flux density in
associated with magnetic circuits
2.1.28 Derive the relation between flux density and magnetizing force
2.1.29 Draw the B-H curve and identify the different region in the same
48

UNIT III

3.1.0 Understand electromagnetism and inductance

3.1.1 Derive an expression for the force produced by current carrying conductor
place in a magnetic field
3.1.2 Derive the expression for the force of a long conductor and long solenoid
3.1.3 Express the relation between m.m.f , flux and reluctance of a magnetic
circuit
3.1.4 Compute the ampere tons of a given electromagnet
3.1.5 Compare magnetic circuit and electric circuit
3.1.6 State Faraday’s laws of Electro magnetic induction
3.1.7 State Lenz’s law and Fleming’s right hand rule
3.1.8 Differentiate statically and dynamically induced e.m.f
3.1.9 Differentiate between self induced e.m.f and mutually induced e.m.f
3.1.10 Define self inductance and mutual inductance
3.1.11 Obtain the formula for co-efficient of coupling
3.1.12 Solve problems in electromagnetic induction
3.1.13 Derive the expression for energy stored in a magnetic circuit

3.2.0 Translate the fundamentals of alternating current

3.2.1 Describe the production of alternating voltage


3.2.2 Obtain the equation of sinusoidal voltage and current
3.2.3 Define cycle, frequency, time period, amplitude, average value, R.M.S
value, form factor and peak factor of alternating quantities
3.2.4 Describe the phase and phase difference of alternating voltage and current
3.2.5 Relate the frequency number of poles and speed of a basic A..C. generator
3.2.6 Compute the average and R.M.S value of voltage and current in respect of
sinusoidal wave form
3.2.7 Mention different forms of e.m.f equation

UNIT IV

4.1.0 Analyse A.C. series & parallel circuits

4.1.1 Represent the alternating quantity in vector form


4.1.2 Explain addition and subtraction of alternating quantities by vector method
4.1.3 Solve problem on above
4.1.4 Explain polar form, complex forms and trigonometric form of vectors
4.1.5 Convert the polar form into trigonometric and rectangular form and vice versa
4.1.6 Explain mathematical operation of vector quantities (addition, subtraction,
multiplication etc.)
4.1.7 Solve problems in complex algebraic
4.1.8 Categorize A.C through pure resistance, pure inductance and pure capacitance
using vector diagram
4.1.9 Solve problems on above
4.1.10 Solve RL, RC series circuits
49

4.1.11 Solve problems in RL, RC, circuits to determine XL, XC, Z , P.F and I.
4.1.12 Draw the phase diagram of RL, RC circuits
4.1.13 Differentiate apparent power, true power and reactive power in A.C circuits
4.1.14 Apply a factor of series A.C circuits
4.1.15 Describe the resonance condition in R-L-C circuits
4.1.16 Solve problems on R-L-C series circuits
4.1.17 Describe parallel A.C circuits
4.1.18 Compute the unknown quantity in parallel RLC combination by vector method
4.1.19 Describe resonance condition in RLC parallel circuit
4.1.20 Define a factor in parallel circuit

UNIT V

5.1.0 Understand the working poly phase circuits

5.1.1 Define ploy phase system


5.1.2 Describe the method of generation of ploy phase system (Detailed explanation
with wave forms & vector diagram)
5.1.3 State the advantages of ploy phase system
5.1.4 Describe phase sequence and numbering system in ploy phase system
5.1.5 Explain inter connection of ploy phase
5.1.6 Draw the phase diagram and derive the relation between the line and phase
quantities in star and delta connection
5.1.7 Calculate the power and power factor in a 3 phase system; using line and phase
system using line and phase quantities
5.1.8 Differentiate between KVA, KW and KVA reactive referred to A..C circuits
5.1.9 Identify the balanced and unbalanced loads in three phase system
5.1.10 Explain Y/A and A/Y conversion (Balanced)
5.1.11 Solve problems in balanced Y/A and A/Y conversion
5.1.12 Explain the 3 phase power measurement by single, three and two watt meters
(Balanced load)
5.1.13 Derive three phase power by two wattmeter with vector diagrams in star and
delta connection (Balanced load)
5.1.14 Solve problems in power measurement

CONTENT OUTLINE

UNIT - I: ELECTRIC CIRCUITS & NETWORKS

Electric Current, Voltage, Resistance. Definitions and units.


Laws of resistance - Specific resistance - Conductance of conductivity - Effect of temperature on
Resistance - Temperature co-efficient problems.
D.C Circuits - Ohm’s law - Series, parallel, series - parallel circuits. Calculation of branch
currents and voltages.
Network Theorems - Kirchoff’ Laws, Super position theorem, Thevenin’s theorem, and
Norton’s theorem. Simple problems using the above theorems - Electric power and
energy in D.C. Circuits - Simple problems.
50

UNIT – II: ELECTROSTATICS & MAGNETISM

Static electricity - Absolute and relative permittivity of a medium, Dielectric consent - Laws of
electrostatics. Electric field, Field strength or field intensity, Electrostatic induction, Electric flux
density - potential and potential difference, Potential at a point, Potential of a charged sphere –
Equipotential surfaces - Potential gradient - Breakdown voltage and dielectric strength.

Capacitance

Capacitor and capacitance - Capacitance of an isolated Sphere - Spherical capacitor and parallel
plate capacitor - Variable capacitors - Capacitors in series and parallel - Energy stored in a
capacitor

Secondary cells

Primary and secondary cells - Comparison of lead acid and alkaline cells - initial charging and
commissioning of new batteries - charging methods. Calculation of ampere hour efficiency and
Watt hour efficiency
Care and maintenance of batteries -specification

Magnetism

Absolute and relative permeability, field strength, magnetizing force, flux and flux density.
Relation between flux density and magnetizing force, B.H. curve

UNIT – III: ELECTROMAGNETISM & A.C FUNDAMENTALS

Force on a current carrying conductor lying in a magnetic filed - Magnetizing force of long
straight conductor, long solenoid

Magnetic circuit

Definition of magnetic circuit - magnetomotive force, reluctance, Amperting, permenance,


reluctivity. Comparison of magnetic of electric circuit - calculation of ampertum – problems.

Electro magnetic induction

Faradays laws of electromagnetic induction problems - direction of induced emf and current
(Flemings right hand rule, Lenz’s law) statically and dynamically induced e m f. Expression for
dynamically and statically induced emf. Self and mutual inductance – co-efficient of self and
mutual induction - coefficient of self and mutual induction - co efficient of coupling – problems.
Energy stored in magnetic field – problems.

A.C fundamentals

Generation of alternating voltage and current - equation of instantaneous values of voltage and
current. Simple and complex waveforms. Definition of (a) cycle (b) frequency (c) time period
(d) amplitude value (e) average value (f) R.M.S. Value (g) form factor and peak factor phase and
phase difference. Relation between f, p, n deviation of r.m.s and average value for sinusoidal
waveforms. Different forms of e.m.f equation
51

UNIT – IV: SINGLE PHASE AC CIRCUITS

Vector representation of alternating quantities vector diagrams using r.m.s. Values. Addition and
subtraction of alternating quantities by vector method – problems. Mathematical representation
of vectors - polar form, complex form, trigonometric forms. Addition, subtraction, multiplication
& division of alternating quantities in above forms.

A.C Through resistance, inductance and capacitance - voltage, current, power, p.f impure
resistive, inductive, capacitive - circuits – problems. Series A.C circuits - AC through R and L,
R and C, R, L and C circuits – active, reactor and apparent power, Q factor. Resonance in R-L-C
circuits - problems in series circuits
Parallel A.C circuits - vectors or phase method, solving problems in R, L, C parallel
circuits - resonance in parallel circuit - Q factor

UNIT- V: POLYPHASE CIRCUITS

Generation of ploy phase voltages, - advantages, phase sequence. Inter connection of


three phases, star and delta connection. Relation between phase and line voltages and
current in star and delta - derivation with phase diagram.
Simple problem. Derivation of expression for power in three-phase system in star and delta.
Calculation of power, current and power factor in a three phase balanced system. Balanced and
unbalanced three phase system (only principle).

Balanced star - delta and delta - star conversion - problems


Three-phase power measurements - single wattmeter, three-watt meter and two-watt meter
methods. Two-watt meter method of power measurement (balanced star and delta). Derivation
with vector diagram, problems.
52

SUBJECTS OF STUDY AND SCHEME OF EVALUATION


SEMESTER III

Periods Per Week Evaluation (Marks)


Code Subject Practical/
Theory Tutorial Total Theory Practical Internal Total

Electronic Devices &


EE301 5 1 6 75 25 100
Circuits
Electrical Material
EE302 5 1 6 75 25 100
Science
Electrical Measurements
EE303 5 1 6 75 25 100
& Measuring Instruments
Digital Electronics & Op-
EE304 5 5 75 25 100
amps
Electronic Devices &
EE305 3 3 75 25 100
Circuits Lab
Electrical Measurements
EE306 3 3 75 25 100
Lab
EE307 Digital Electronics Lab 3 3 75 25 100
Soft Skills Development
3 3
(ISAP *)
TOTAL 20 15 35 300 225 175 700

* ISAP – Information Search Analysis and Presentation


53

SUBJECT TITLE : ELECTRONIC DEVICES AND CIRCUITS


SUBJECT CODE : EE 301
PERIODS/WEEK : 6
PERIODS/SEMESTER : 80

TIME SCHEDULE

UNIT TOPIC PERIODS

I Semiconductors 15

II Diodes and Transistors 15


Test - I 2

III Power devices & Rectifiers 15

IV Amplifiers 15

Test – II 2

V Oscillators and Multi vibrators 15

Test - III 1
-------------
Total 80
=====

OBJECTIVES

UNIT - I

1.1.0. Understand the Properties of Semiconductors and Passive Components

1.1.1. Name the semi conducting elements and compounds


1.1.2. Distinguish between the intrinsic and extrinsic semiconductors
1.1.3. List the factors that determine the resistively of semiconductor materials
1.1.4. Understand the importance of doping
1.1.5. Study the properties of P type and N type semiconductors
1.1.6. Analyze the PN junctions
1.1.7. Explain the construction details of fixed resistors such as carbon film, metal film,
and wire wound resistors
1.1.8. List the applications of the above resistors
1.1.9. Know the colour coding of resistors
54

1.1.10. Explain the constructional details of variables resistors such as carbon and wire
wound types
1.1.11. List the applications of variable resistors
1.1.12. Explain the constructional details of capacitors such as paper, Mica, Ceramic
polyester, aluminium tantalum electrolytic capacitors gang capacitor
1.1.13. List the applications of different types of capacitors
1.1.14. Understand the properties and applications of Thermisters, Photo voltaic cell
photoconductive cell, LED LCD, LDR strain gauge.

UNIT - II

2.1.0. Understand the construction and working of Diodes and Transistors

2.1.1. Explain the formation of PN junctions


2.1.2. Explain term – drift current, diffusion current, depletion layer and, bias potential
2.1.3. Study behavior of PN junction – forward and reverse biasing
2.1.4. List out applications of diodes
2.1.5. Study behavior of Zener diodes –F.B and R.B characteristic – difference between
ordinary and Zener diode – applications
2.1.6. Explain the bipolar transistor as a two junction, three terminal device – two types of
current carriers
2.1.7. Study PNP and NPN transistors: - Current flow
2.1.8. Study in detail C.B. and C.E configuration – in put & out put characteristics & brief study
of CC configuration
2.1.9. Study amplification factor in all configurations and compare them
2.1.10. List out the applications of variable configurations

UNIT – III

3.1.0. Power devices & Rectifiers

3.1.1. Draw the characteristics of UJT and list the applications


3.1.2. Explain construction & operation of N and P channel JFET with characteristics
3.1.3. Advantage of JFET compared with BJT
3.1.4. List the applications of BJT
3.1.5. Study the operate of MOSFET and enhancement
3.1.6. Differentiate JFET and MOSFET
3.1.7. Explain construction and operation principles of Half wave top full wave and Bridge type
full wave rectifying circuits using diodes with wave forms
3.1.8. Define P.I.V, R.F, regulation and efficiency
3.1.9. Compare different types of rectifiers
3.1.10. Study different types filter circuits and wave forms of rectifiers using capacitor filters
3.1.11. Know clipping idea and clamping techniques
55

UNIT-IV

4.1.0. Amplifiers

4.1.1. Study concept of amplification


4.1.2. Study transistor as an amplifiers- circuit diagram and working of CB C.E and common
collector amplifiers
4.1.3. Study need of a multi stage amplifier
4.1.4. Know different schemes of coupling
4.1.5. Explain R.C. coupled and transfer coupled amplifier
4.1.6. Study frequency response of R.C coupled and transformer coupled amplifiers
4.1.7. Define band width, lower and upper cut off frequencies and 3dB point
4.1.8. Difference between voltage and power amplifier
4.1.9. Know the importance of impedance matching in power amplifier
4.1.10. Explain operation of a single stage power amplifier
4.1.11. Explain Class A, Class B and Class C amplifiers
4.1.12. Compare the different class
4.1.13. Know about the push pull amplifier and its advantages
4.1.14. Explain the working of complimentary symmetry push pull amplifier
4.1.15. Know about feed back
4.1.16. Study the positive and negative feed back and derive the expression for gain
4.1.17. Study the use of negative feed back amplifier

UNIT – V

5.1.0. Oscillators and Multi vibrators

5.1.1. Know the working principle of Oscillators and Multi vibrators


5.1.2. Explain principle of oscillators
5.1.3. State conditions of oscillation
5.1.4. Explain the operation of tuned collector, Hartley Colpits, R.C phase shift, Weinbridge &
crystal oscillations
5.1.5. List out the applications of the above oscillators
5.1.6. What are the different types of multivibrator circuits
5.1.7. Explain working of collector coupled, astable, monostable and Bistable multivibrator
circuits with wave forms
5.1.8. List applications of each
5.1.9. Explain the Schmidt trigger operations, meaning of UTP and LTP and applications of it

CONTENT DETAILS
UNIT - I

Semi conducting materials and passive components

Conducting & Semiconducting elements and compounds - Classification of semi


conductors - intrinsic and extrinsic semi conductor - Doping - variation of characteristics
due to doping - P type and N type materials - forward and reverse biasing
56

Applications of semi conductor materials - rectifiers - Thermisters - photoconductive


cells - photo voltaic cells - strain gauges – LCD – LED – VDR - LDR - Brief description
of principle of operation and materials used - merits of semiconductors.

Basic constructional details of fixed resistors:

Carbon film resistors - wire resistors - metal film resistors - applications of above
resistors in circuits - Colour coding of resistors - basic construction - details of variables -
resistors carbon and wire wound - applications of above, tolerances-temperature
coefficient.

Basic constructional details of capacitors .Paper – mica – ceramic – polyester -


aluminium and tantalum electrolytic capacitors - gang condenser, - applications of
capacitors, tolerances-temperature coefficient

UNIT – II

Diodes and Transistors

Characteristics of active components - PN junctions – depletion layer – potential barrier –


behaviour of PN junctions – F.B & R.B, Zener diode – F.B and R.B characteristics –
applications - Bipolar transistor – current carriers – PNP – NPN – current flows-
Common base - common emitter - common collector - configurations – Input and output
characteristics – Region of operations - amplification factors

UNIT - III

Rectifiers ,FET , UJT and circuits

UJT – operations and characteristics – applications


FET – constructions - N channel – P channel – characteristics - advantages –
disadvantages
MOSFET – enhancement N channel – applications – difference between JFET and
MOSFET
Half wave - full wave- Centre tap and bridge type – rectifiers using diodes – wave forms
- P.I.V – ripple factor – regulator – efficiency comparison – filters – different types
Clipping circuits – series – shunt – biased type – double clipper circuits
Clamping circuits – positive pole - negative pole and other level clamping circuits

UNIT-IV

amplifiers

Amplifiers – R.C coupled and transformer coupled - frequency response – dB –


Bandwidth – upper and lower cut off frequencies – 3dB point
Power amplifiers – Class A, B &C types – distortion in amplifiers – single ended
amplifier circuit – impedance matching - push pull amplifiers – advantage –
57

complimentary symmetry push pull amplifier – feed back in amplifier – types of


feedback - applications of feed back

UNIT - IV
Oscillators and Multi vibrators
Classifications of oscillators – condition for oscillations – tuned collector – Hartely –
Colpits – RC phase shift – Wein bridge – crystal oscillators - multi vibrator circuits -
astable – monostable – Bistable – multivibrator – triggering techniques- applications -
Schmitt trigger – UTP and LTP – Hysteresis – advantages and applications

REFERENCE BOOKS

1. Electronic devices and circuits – Allen motor shed


2. Electronic circuits - Poornachandra
3. Basic electronics – Floyd
4. Basic electronics - B.L Theraja
5. Electronic devices and circuits - Sasikala
6. Introduction to Electronics by Gates - Delmar Thomson learning(4Th edition)
58

SUBJECT TITLE : ELECTRICAL MATERIAL SCIENCE


SUBJECT CODE : EE 302
PERIODS/WEEK :6
PERIODS/YEAR : 80

TIME SCHEDULE

UNIT TOPIC PERIODS

I 1.1 Classifications of Materials


1.2 Properties and Applications of Low Resistance Conducting 15
Materials
II 2.1 Properties and Applications of High Resistance Conducting 15
Materials
Test – I 2
III 3.1 Classifications Properties & Applications of Magnetic Materials
3.2 General Properties of Insulating Materials 15

IV 4.1 Classifications of Insulation Materials and some commonly


used Insulating Materials
4.2 Solidifying Insulating Materials 15

Test – II 2
V 5.1 Rubber, Ceramics an other Insulating Materials 15

Test - III 1
-----------
Total 80
=====
59

OBJECTIVES

UNIT – I

1.1.0 Understand the Classifications of Conducting Materials

1.1.1 Study the atomic structure of elements


1.1.2 Understand energy level diagram and classify materials as conducting, insulated
and semi conducting materials based on energy level concept
1.1.3 Analyse the properties of conductors (conductivity, tensile strength, ductility,
corrosion resistance, impurity content, solder ability, brittleness)
1.1.4 Distinguish the advantages and disadvantages of cold drawn and hard drawn
annealed copper conductors
1.1.5 Study the properties and uses of alloys of copper bronze, brass
1.1.6 Identify appropriate materials for the manufacture of bus bars, windings, wires
commutator segments

UNIT-II
2.1.0. Properties of Conducting Materials

2.1.1. State the properties of aluminum as a conducting materials


2.1.2. Identify the commonly used trade names of given conductors
2.1.3. Specify the properties and uses of aluminum alloys
2.1.4. Understand the commonly used trade names of given conducting Mercury,
Tungsten, Molybdenum, Tantalum, Manganese, Nichrome, constantan, lead,
platinum, tin, zinc in electrical and electronic component manufacture
2.1.5. Identify the characteristics and application of bimetallic relays and thermocouple
2.1.6. State the requirement s of high resistivity conducting materials
2.1.7. State the properties and uses of carbon in electrical engineering
2.1.8. Identify the appropriate materials for the manufacture of lamp filaments
2.1.9. Appreciate the super conductivity phenomena
2.1.10. List the applications of super conductivity
2.1.11. List out the industrial applications of the above mentioned conductors

UNIT - III

3.1.0 Understand the Properties of Magnetic Materials and Insulating Materials


Commonly used in Electrical Engineering

3.1.1Understand the concept of Hysterisis and Eddy current loss


3.1.1 Identify the industrial electrical machine components manufactured using
electrical machine steel, grain oriented sheet steel, iron nickel alloys, ferrites, cast
iron, cast steel based on their magnetic properties
3.1.2 State the advantages of grain oriented sheet steel in transformer core construction
3.1.3 Differentiate the properties of soft magnetic materials and hard magnetic
materials
3.1.4 Identify the materials used in making permanent magnets
3.1.5 State the properties and applications of ferrite cores
3.1.6 Study the hysterisis loop of soft magnetic materials and hard magnetic materials
60

3.1.7 Describe the following properties of insulators- dielectric strength, breakdown


voltage, tensile strength resistance to heat, solubility hygroscopicity , co-efficient
of expansion, flash point, resistance to chemical action

UNIT - IV

Appreciate the role of insulation materials

4.1.1 Classify the insulating materials in different classes based on the temperature
limits
4.1.2. List the properties, shapes, industrial applications of different insulating materials
4.1.3. Describe the essential properties of transformer oil
4.1.4. Outline the method of testing and filtering of transformer oil superfying the range
of dielectric strength, break down voltage moisture content as per I. S
4.1.5. Describe the main solidifying insulating materials used in industry and their field
of applications
4.1.6. Describe the manufacturing process of insulating the wires
4.1.7. Appreciate the need of impregnation and vulcanization of insulating materials
4.1.8. Differentiate insulation materials and dielectrics
4.1.9. List the requirements of dielectrics
4.1.10. State the properties and advantages of SF6 as insulating materials

UNIT - V

5.1.0 Appreciate the use of other Engineering Materials

5.1.1. State the classification of rubber, plastics and elastomers


5.1.2. List the properties, industrial applications of different types of rubber, Plastics, glass
ebonite, mica, marbles and slate
5.1.3. Identify the trade name of commonly used insulating materials in electrical systems
5.1.4. Describe the properties and electrical engineering applications of different types of wood

CONTENT DETAILS

UNIT – I

Valance electrons - concept of energy level - valance band - conduction and forbidden
band -Classifications of materials as conducting - semi conducting and insulating
materials based on energy level concept.

Conducting materials

Properties of copper, ductility, tensile strength , resistance against corrosion - influence of


impurities - effect of heat treatment - hard drawn annealed copper - effects of alloying -
alloys of copper , bronze ,brass - properties and their uses. Merits and demerits of copper-
Temperature co-efficient
61

UNIT-II

Properties of Conducting Materials

Properties of aluminium- Alloys of aluminium influence of carbon content - ACSR


conductors – advantages and uses - Applications of aluminium in the field of electrical
engineering - Trade names of conductors used in power systems.
Tungsten, Platinum Molybdenum, Mercury, Tantalum, Manganese Nichrome lead – their
properties and uses - Uses of Bimetallic strip - fields of application - Principles of
Thermo couple materials - Thermo couples for different temperatures - Super
conductivity - Fields of applications

UNIT – III

Magnetic and Insulating Materials

Magnetic materials
Magnetization of Iron - B.H curve - Hysteresis loop - Eddy current loop - Hysteresis loop
of different magnetic materials - soft and hard magnetic materials -steel - Properties of
silicon steel - percentage of silicon content - Grain oriented steel - properties and
applications.
Insulating materials
Concept of relevant electrical,mechanical and thermal properties, with regard to
resistivity - coefficient of expansion - permittivity - dielectric strength - breakdown
voltage - tensile strength - resistance to heat ,solubility - hygroscopic property - resistance
to chemical actions.

UNIT – IV

Classes of Insulating Materials

Transformer oil – properties - dielectric strength - testing transformer oil for dielectric
strength - wire for winding - types of insulation - coating materials for wires - coating of
synthetic resins - super enamel cotton silk etc.
Common solidifying insulating materials resins – Nitrocellulose- Poly vinyl Chloride
(PVC) – polyethylene - nylon - cross linked Polymer - drying oils - waxes - paraffin -
in, varnishes - properties of each and field of application - vacuum and pressure
impregnation - coating and adhering - Insulation compound -bituminous compound -
cable compounds
Examples of each class
62

UNIT - V

Other Materials
Rubber - advantages and disadvantages - areas of applications - vulcanization of rubber -
its advantages- ebonite properties and its applications
Mica – Slates - marble properties and use
Porcelain - Manufacture of porcelain materials - general properties - glazing tunnel over -
uses - pin and suspension - type of insulators - field of applications - refracting materials
Timber – paper - hard board - capacitor paper - Mica paper - leatheroid paper - Adhesive
tapes - varnished cloth – asbestos – fiber - glass properties and field of applications

REFERENCE BOOKS

1.An introduction to electrical Engg. Materials - C.S. Indulkar,


S.Thiruvengadam
2.Electrical Engg. Materials - A.J. Decker
3.Basic electronics and linear circuits - N.N Bhangara
63

SUBJECT TITLE : ELECTRICAL MEASUREMENTS


& MEASURING INSTRUMENTS
SUBJECT CODE : EE 303
PERIODS/WEEK : 6
PERIODS/YEAR : 80

TIME SCHEDULE

UNIT TOPIC PEROIDS

I Theory of Measuring Instruments 15

II Measurement of Power and Energy 15


Test – I 2
III Measurement of Resistance, Inductance 15

IV Commercial Measurement 15
Test - II 2
V CRO and Transducers 15
Test - III 1
-----------
Total 80
======

OBJECTIVES
UNIT – I

1.1.0 Analyse the theory and construction of voltmeters and ammeters

1.1.1 Classify the instruments based on function, construction and method of


measurement
1.1.2 Explain the mechanism of production of deflecting, controlling and damping
torque.
1.1.3 State the effect of control and damping forces on measuring instruments
1.1.4 Study the constructional details of permanent magnet moving coil instrument
with necessary sketches
1.1.5 Study the construction of moving iron type (Both attraction and repulsion type)
instrument
1.1.6 Understand the dynamometer type voltmeters and ammeters
1.1.7 Sketch and explain rectifier type voltmeter and ammeter
1.1.8 Identify the appropriate type of instruments for AC/DC measurement
1.1.9 Design the M.C and M.I instrument to measure currents and voltage using shunt
and multipliers
1.1.10 State the applications of M.I, M.C and rectifier type instruments
1.1.11 Identify the instrument from dial markings
1.1.12 Explain the general sources of error in measuring instrument and suggest
remedies to reduce them.
1.1.13 Know the use of multi range instrument
1.1.14 Understand the connection of CTs and PTs
1.1.15 Understand clip on meters, Rectifier type clip on meters
64

UNIT - II

2.1.0 Understand the principle of power and energy measurement


2.1.1 Sketch the dynamometer type wattmeter and explain its principle of operation
2.1.2 Identify the errors in dynamometer type wattmeter.
2.1.3 Know the effect of pressure coil inductance on wattmeter measurement.
2.1.4 Explain the correction factor and understand the theory of compensated
wattmeter.
2.1.5 Distinguish between the various L.P.F meters based on application.
2.1.6 Understand multiplication factor of wattmeter.
2.1.7 Sketch the constructional details of 1 phase induction type energy meter.
2.1.8 Explain the principle of operation of induction type energy meter.
2.1.9 Describe the method of reducing the error due to p.f and friction.
2.1.10 Explain the effect of creeping and suggest remedies for its compensation.
2.1.11 Draw the sketches of 3-phase energy meter (2 element and 3 element types).
2.1.12 Explain the procedure with circuit diagram the calibration of energy meter using
standard wattmeter and stopwatch.
2.1.13 Explain phantom loading.
2.1.14 Explain calibration of energy meter by phantom loading with circuit diagram.
2.1.15 Know the connection diagram of CTs and PTs in association with wattmeter and
energy meter.

UNIT – III
3.1.0 Study the various methods of measuring Resistance, Inductance and Capacitance
3.1.1 Study the potentiometer methods for low resistance measurement
3.1.2 Explain the importance of soldered connections in low resistance measurement
3.1.3 Explain the wheat stone’s bridge and slide wire bridge for measurement of
medium resistance measurement
3.1.4 Draw the sketch of insulation megger
3.1.5 Describe the working principle of megger
3.1.6 Explain measurement of insulation resistance using megger
3.1.7 Know the range of earth resistance at different electrical installations like major
power station, substation domestic installation
3.1.8 Understand the procedure of measurement of earth resistance by fall of potential
method
3.1.9 Measure earth resistance by 4 electrode earth tester
3.1.10 Know the methods of locating cable fault
3.1.11 Understand the method of locating faults by potential drop method
3.1.12 Understand the principle of AC bridge
3.1.13 Understand the procedure of measurement of resistance inductance and
capacitance by LCR bridge
3.1.14 Understand the weins bridge for measurement of frequency
3.1.15 Understand the Max well’s bridge for measurement of inductance
3.1.16 Understand the Schering’s bridge for measurement of capacitance
65

UNIT – IV

Commercial instruments
4.1.0 Study the various types of commercial instruments
4.1.1 Know classifications of frequency meter
4.1.2 Describe the working principle of Reed type and indicating type frequency meter
4.1.3 Understand the single phase and 3 phase dynamometer type p.f meter
4.1.4 Describe the briefly the connections of synchroscope and phase sequence
indicator
4.1.5 Understand the principle and working of analog type multimeter
4.1.6 Understand the digital multimeter
4.1.7 Know the applications of multimeter
4.1.8 Understand the digital frequency meter
4.1.9 Explain digital volt meter
4.1.10 Describe the principle and operation of maximum demand indicator
4.1.11 Understand the TOD meter
4.1.12 Understand the Digital single phase and 3 phase energy meter
4.1.13 Measure power factor using digital phase meter
4.1.14 Understand the digital watt meter

UNIT - V

5.1.0 Study the CRO and transducers


5.1.1 Study the working principle of CRO
5.1.2 Sketch the CRT
5.1.3 Explain working of CRT
5.1.4 Understand the block diagram of CRO
5.1.5 List the applications of CRO
5.1.6 Understand the measurement of Voltage,Current,Frequency,Time, phase and
phase angle by using CRO
5.1.7 Study of wave forms in CRO
5.1.8 Explain the transducers
5.1.9 Know the different classifications of transducers
5.1.10 Understand the measurement of physical quantities
5.1.11 Sketch and describe
1. Strain gauge
2. Semi conductor strain gauge
3. LVDT
4. Capacitance transducer
5. Borden tube
6. Diaphragm and Bellows
5.1.12 Describe the piezoelectric effect and piezoelectric transducers
5.1.13 Study the resistance transducers using resistance wire and potentiometer
5.1.14 Understand the applications of transducers
66

CONTENT DETAILS

UNIT – 1

Theory of Measuring Instruments

General classification of instrument - absolute and secondary instruments – classification


of secondary instruments – indicating, integrating and recording type - Essentials of
indicating instruments – deflecting - controlling and damping torque - Constructional
details and working principle of permanent magnet moving coil and moving iron type
(both attraction and repulsion type) instruments - Working principle of dynamometer -
voltmeter and ammeter - Rectifier type instruments – voltmeter - ammeter

Extension of range – use of shunts and multiplier problems – multi range instruments –
use of C.T and P.T clipon meters – rectifier type - clip on meters - general errors in
instruments and their remedy -identification of instruments - form dial markings

UNIT – II

Measurement of Power and Energy


Construction and working principle of dynamometer type wattmeter – errors – and their
remedy- correction factor – compensated wattmeter – low power factor wattmeter –
multiplication factor - Constructions and working of single phase induction type energy
meter – errors – their remedy – poly phase energy meters – 3 element and 2 element 3
phase energy meter – calibration of energy meter by direct loading and phantom loading
– wattmeter and energy meter connections using CT and PT

UNIT – III

Measurement of R, L, C
Classifications of resistance – low, medium and high - Measurement of low resistance by
potentiometer method - measurement of medium resistance by wheat stone bridge and
slide Wire Bridge
Measurement of high resistance – insulation resistance by megger – working principle
and construction details of megger
Measurement of earth resistance by fall of potential method and 4-electrode earth tester
Localization of cable fault – measurement of R-L-C by LCR methods – potential drop
method

Bridge – measurement of resistance – measurement of inductance – Max well’s


inductance bridge – Max well’s inductance capacitance bridge – measurement of
capacitance – Schering’s bridge – wein’s bridge -problems
67

UNIT – IV

Commercial Instruments
Measurement of frequency – construction and working of vibrating reed type and
indicating type frequency meters (Resonant type)
Measurement of power factor – Construction & working of pf meters-single-phase and 3
phase dynamometer type – working principle and diagram synchroscope and phase
sequence indicator

Multimeter analogue and digital frequency meters – digital voltmeters- Ramp type -
integrating type - Principle of Maximum demand indicators - TOD meter - Electronic
Energy meter – single phase and 3 phase – digital phase meter – digital watt meter

UNIT – V

CRO and Transducers


CRO – CRT - block diagram – applications of CRO - Observation of waveforms
Measurement of voltage – current – frequency - time period - phase and phase angle

Transducers – Measurement of physical quantities using transducers – classifications –


commonly used transducers – strain gauges – semiconductor strain gauges – LVDT –
capacitance transducers – piezoelectric transducers – sketch - description and field of
applications

REFERENCE BOOKS

1.Electrical and Electronics measurements – A.K Shawny


2.Electrical measurements & measuring Instruments - N.V.Surya Narayana
3.Electrical measurements - Goldiy & Widdis
4. Electrical measurements - J.B Gupta
5.Electronics and Instrumentation – B.R.Gupta
6.Electriconic measurements - Cooper
68

SUBJECT TITLE : DIGITAL ELECTRONICS & OP AMPS


SUBJECT CODE : EE 304
PERIODS/WEEK : 5
PERIODS/SEMESTER : 80

OBJECTIVES

TIME SCHEDULE

UNIT TOPIC PERIODS

I Number systems and Digital Circuits 15


II Combination Circuits 15
Test - I 2
III Sequential Logics 15
IV Operational amplifies 15
Test - II 2
V Application of Operational amplifies 15

Test - III 1
-------------
Total 80
=====
OBJECTIVES

UNIT – I

1.1.0. Understand the Number systems & Digital Circuits


1.1.1. Know binary and Hexa decimal, numbers systems
1.1.2. Convert decimal, hexadecimal to binary and vice verse
1.1.3. Study binary addition, subtraction, multiplications and divisions and study BCD code
1.1.4. Know 1’s and 2’s compliment and subtraction using compliment
1.1.5. Know about logic gates
1.1.6. Study truth table of AND, OR, NOT, NAND, NOR, and EX-OR gates
1.1.7. Know about TTL, ECL and CMOS facilities
1.1.8. Compare logic families

UNIT – II

2.1.0. Combinational circuits


2.1.1. Understand Boolean algebra, NAND and NOR gates
2.1.2. Study DeMorgans theorem
2.1.3. Study half adder & full adder circuit
2.1.4. Know multiplexing and de multiplexing
2.1.5. Differentiate the combination logic devices and sequential logic device
2.1.6. Give examples for sequential logic device
2.1.7. Study operation of basic flip flop circuit and clocked flip flop
2.1.8. Study of SR, clocked SR, master slave SR,JKmaster slave JK and D flip flop
69

UNIT-III
3.1.0. Sequential logics
3.1.1. Know the different types of shift registers
3.1.2. Study the serial parallel data transfer
3.1.3. Give a typical shift register using JK flip flop
3.1.4. Understand the operation of a Up-down counter
3.1.5. Know the JK flip flop set up as a counter with input & out put wave forms
3.1.6. Study the asynchronous counter and synchronous counter
3.1.7. Explain binary counter and BCD decade counter
3.1.8. Study decoding a counter
3.1.9. Explain analog to digital conversion ad vice versa
UNIT – IV
4.1.0. Introduction to Operational amplifies
4.1.1. Understand working of op-amp
4.1.2. Draw and explain the block diagram of general purpose opamp
4.1.3. Define electrical characteristics of op-amp
4.1.4. State the characteristics of ideal op-amp
4.1.5. Explain the op-amp circuits –inverting –non inverting ,difference , summing
amplifiers, integrator, differentiator
UNIT – V
5.1.0. Application of op-amp

5.1.1. Understand the applications of op-amp


5.1.2. Use of op-amp for zero crossing detector, level detector, window detector and
Schmitt trigger
5.1.3. Understand the working principle of instrumentation amplifier and log amplifier
5.1.4. Comprehend op-amp based A/D and D/A converter, Voltage to Current and
Current to Voltage converters
5.1.5. Explain voltage to frequency and frequency to voltage converters
5.1.6. State the working principle of half wave and full wave precision rectifiers

CONTENT DETAILS
UNIT - I
Digital Circuits
Digital circuits – Number system - Binary – Hexadecimal conversions – BCD – Binary addition-
subtraction – multiplication and division - 1’s and 2’s compliment – usage for subtraction

Logic gates: - basic gates – symbol – equationy – truth table – AND, OR, NOT – EXOR gate
universal gate – NAND & NOR
Logic families – TTL, ECL, CMOS, - advantages & disadvantages – comparison
70

UNIT-II

Combinational circuits

Boolean algebra – DeMorgans theorem – using logic gates


Half adder and full adder circuits – half and full substracter-Multiplexing and Demultiplexing
Encoder-decoder

UNIT – III
Sequential logic circuits

Sequential combinational logic circuits – flip flop – clocked flip flop – SR, master /slave
SR, JK master /slave JK and D flip flops
Counters – synchronous and asynchronous – BCD and decade counter
Shift registers – types – ADC and DAC.

UNIT – IV
Introduction to Operational amplifies
Block diagram of general purpose op-amp–detailed explanation of each block–
Differential amplifier–Op-amp symbol- package type- pin identifications –parameters of
op-amp – concept of virtual ground –Input offset voltage, input offset current, input bias
current, output offset voltage, CMRR, slew rate etc –Characteristics of ideal and actual
op-amp –Op-amp circuits- inverting amplifier, non-inverting amplifier, voltage follower,
comparator, difference amplifier, summing amplifier, integrators, differentiators.

UNIT – V
Application of op-amp

Zero crossing detector, positive and negative voltage level detector – Schmitt trigger, window
detector, logarithmic amplifier, antilog amplifier, Instrumentation amplifier –Voltage to current
converter, Current to voltage converter, voltage to frequency and frequency to voltage converter,
A to D and D to A converter, Flash ADC- Half wave and full wave precision Rectifier –
Advantages

REFERENCE BOOKS

1. Introductions to Op-Amp – Gaykward


2. Digital Electronics - Tocci
3. Fundamentals of Digital Electronics-Floyd
71

SUBJECT TITLE : ELECTRONIC DEVICES & CIRCUITS LAB


SUBJECT CODE : EE 305
PERIODS/WEEK :3
PERIODS/SEMESTER : 48

LIST OF EXPERIMENTS

1. Measure the value of resister using Ohm-meter/Multimeter and compare with color code
value
2. Identification of terminals and testing of different diodes and transistor
3. Study the diode characteristics-forward and reverse.
4. Study the characteristics of zener diode.
5. Construct a half wave, full wave and Bridge rectifier circuit using semiconductor diode
(without filter) Plot the regulation characteristics. Determine percentage regulation and
ripple factor. Observe the input and output wave forms in a CRO
6. Plot the input and output characteristics for a transistor in common emitter configuration
7. Plot the input and output characteristics for a transistor in common base configuration
Determine the input resistance and current amplification factor in each case.
8. Plot the V-I characteristics for a JFET (a) Drain current /source drain voltage. (b) Drain
current/source gate voltage. Determine the drain resistance, transconductance and
amplification factor
9. Draw the characteristics of UJT. Determine intrinsic stand of ratio.
10. Plot the V-I characteristic of S.C.R Determinations of break over voltage and holding
current
11. Construct a single stage transistor amplifier using NPN or PNP transistor. Measure
voltage gain at 1 kHz. Plot the frequency response characteristics and calculate its
Bandwidth.
12. Construct a Hartley oscillator. Measure the frequency of oscillation. Observe the
waveform.
13. Construct a RC phase shift oscillator circuits. Determine frequency of oscillation.
Observe the waveform.
14. Observe and plot the wave shapes of
1. RC Differentiating Circuit
2. RC integrating circuit – using Op Amp
Observe the effect of RC time constant of the circuit on the output wave forms
15. Construct biased and unbiased series and shunt clipping of a sine wave using switching
diodes and Dc sources
16. Set up a transistor Astable Multivibrator circuit. Plot the waveforms of collector and
base. Determine its frequency of oscillation.
17. Set up a transistor Monostable Multivibrator circuit. Plot the wave forms at each collector
and base for a given trigger signal. Measure its pulse width and time period.
18. Observe the wave shapes and measure voltages of a simple single phase SCR invertor
circuit.
72

SUBJECT TITLE : ELECTRICAL MEASUREMENTS LAB


SUBJECT CODE : EE 306
PERIODS/WEEK : 3
PERIODS/SEMESTER : 48

CONTENT DETAILS

1. Introduction to instruments and measurements – Instruments used for measuring resistance,


current, voltage, and power (Not for examination)
2. Calibration of ammeter/voltmeter using slidewire potentiometer
3. Measure the low and medium resistance by volt – ampere method
4. Verify Kickoff’s laws, superposition theorem, and Thevenin’s theorem in DC circuit
5. Measure single phase power by a) 3 Volt meter method b) 3 Ammeter method
6. Draw the circuit for measuring single phase power using wattmeter
7. Measure inductance and power factor of an inductive coil
8. Measure power and power factor of three phase loads by two watt meter method
9. Draw the circuit to calibrate watt meter by direct loading at unity power factor
10. Calibrate watt meter by phantom loading at a) unity p.f b) 0.866 p.f ( c) 0.5 pf
11. Calibrate energy meter by direct loading at unity power factor
12. Calibrate energy meter by phantom loading at ( a) unity p.f (b) 0.866 p f ( c) 0.5 p f
13. Calibration of energy meter using Rotation SubStandard meter.
14. Polarity test and turns ratio of transformer
15. B-H curve of a magnetic specimen
16. Measurement of low voltage A C and D C voltage using CRO
73

SUBJECT TITLE : DIGITAL ELECTRONICS LAB


SUBJECT CODE : EE 307
PERIODS/WEEK :3
PERIODS/SEMESTER : 48

LIST OF EXPERIMENTS

1. Study the IC Trainer kit


2. Logic gates-1 AND,OR,NOT(using IC’s)
3. Logic gates-1 NAND,NOR,XOR(using IC’s)
4. Half adder , substracter using logic gates
5. Full adder, substracter using logic gates
6. Verification of truth tables for RS,D,T and JK and master slave JK flip flops
7. Verification of counter ( IC’s like 7490,7492,7493,74C93,74160)
8. Verification of shift register (IC’s like 74104,74185,74C164,7495,74194)etc
9. Construct and test a 3 digit decade counter using IC’s
10. Construct a circuit & transfer of data between 4 bit registers using common bus line(use
IC’S 74173,74126)
11. Construct a comparator circuit for 7485 and verify the truth table
12. Construct and verify the working SA type A/D Converter
13. Construct and verify the working of R-2R D/A Converter
14. Verify the working of multiplexer
15. Verify the working of de-multiplexer
16. Implement a given Boolean function using mux
74

SUBJECT TITLE : SOFT SKILL DEVELOPMENT


SUBJECT CODE :
PERIODS/WEEK :3
PERIODS/SEMESTER : 48

(In general, wherever it is not indicated, one period each from any three subjects in
third and fourth semesters is to be set apart for ISAP.)

INFORMATION SEARCH ANALYSIS AND PRESENTATION SKILLS


DEVELOPMENT

Introduction
The average Engineer walking out of education institution is surprised by the amount of
non-technical work he or she faces in the real world(by the amount of personal contact,
the number of phone calls, meetings, reports and presentation etc). Further many cannot
find appropriate jobs, because of the lack of these skills. The problem aggravates in the
case of diploma pass outs who are supposed to have interactions with different cadres in
an industrial environment.

The time allotted for ISAP skills development are to be utilized to provide a slice of
practical training in a form that may be used in a class room setting. This is not to be
taught in a conventional manner. Here the emphasis will shift from teacher oriented
methods to students oriented methods. While the information – skills acquired by all
students will be same, the actual methods & techniques used by each student will vary
according to his or her initiative, enthusiasm, effort taken etc.

These hours are to be taken as a supplement to the theory classes. Students will acquire
ISAP skills based on the fundamental knowledge he/she has acquired from the theory
sessions.

Objectives

Educational researchers have found that 17 year olds, in a single academic year, learn
about 200 to 300 new words, in a university environment. However, during the same
period they acquire around 4000 words in their informal home and play environment.
That is learning is higher in an informal environment than in an academic one designed
specifically for that purpose. The primary objective here is to simulate the informal
learning environment.

Student is provided an ideal opportunity to acquire skills in learning to learn which is


essential for the professional growth. This will inculcate information skills in the
students. These skills will be a life long asset to him or her in fact they grow with age.
75

Oral and written communication skills are of at most importance to any engineer for a
positive professional growth. Emphasis is given for this aspect also.

Activities

A. PART ONE.
Write articles on various technical areas and basic research papers. Students can identify
simple projects individually or groups of not more than 4 any technical area. Emphasis
here is on the acquisition of ISAP skills.

Source of Information
a. People
b. Print media – Magazines, News papers, Journals, Vendors catalogues etc.
c. Electronic information – CD ROM, Usage of internet – User news groups,
WWW.

B. PART TWO

Transparency based Presentation


1. Preparation
1.1 Audience Analysis.
1.2 Information Gathering.
1.3 Transparency design using Power Point/Presentation software.
1.4 Production of transparency for OHP.
2. Delivery

Sample Projects
1. Prepare and deliver transparency based presentations on the topics,
a. Technicians are not properly appreciated in the society.
b. Engineers do not know about non technical topics.
c. Lay people do not know enough about technical topics.
d. India’s products are not competitive in international markets as its quality
is not good.
e. India’s software professionals are paid too much.
2. Prepare transparency based presentation for the opposite side of the issue you
choose in project 1.
3. Prepare and deliver a brief autobiographical presentation.
4. Prepare and deliver a sales promotional presentation (Example – Washing
machine, Computer , Air conditioner, Microwave oven or other items related to
your branch of study)
76

5. Prepare and deliver a brief sales promotional presentation on a service (Example-


Insurance Policy, Credit cards etc)
6. Prepare and deliver a technical presentation before lay audience (Example – Use
of computers to common man, energy saving measures in a domestic environment
or other topics related to specific branches of study)

C. PART THREE – COMMUNICATION SKILLS


Written Communication
Preparation of
a. Reports
Formal reports
Progress reports
Feasibility Reports
Laboratory reports.
b. Technical Proposals.
c. Email.
d. User manuals
e. Job Hunting material
Resumes
Letters for job hunting
f. Business letters
g. Memo, Notices, Agenda and minutes

Oral Communication
Oral communication activities like,
a. Dyadic communication (Interaction between two persons, example Telephone
conversation)
b. Meetings.
c. Job interview.
d. Group Discussions.
e. Debates.
f. Case studies.

EVALUATION
There is no separate evaluation for ISAP skills. But the teachers will consider this for the
award of internal assessment marks related to the theory subjects in that semester. The
performance of the student will be taken equivalent to an Assignment and an
Examination while awarding the internal assessment marks.

-- --
77

SUBJECTS OF STUDY AND SCHEME OF EVALUATION

SEMESTER IV

Periods Per Week Evaluation (Marks)


Code Subject Practical/
Theory Total Theory Practical Internal Total
Tutorial
Hydraulics & Prime
EE401 5 1 6 75 25 100
movers
Generation,Transmission
EE402 5 1 6 75 25 100
& Distribution
EE403 DC Machines 5 1 6 75 25 100

Micro controllers &


EE404 5 5 75 25 100
Applications
Electrical Workshop
EE405 3 3 75 25 100
Practice

EE406 DC Machines Lab 3 3 75 25 100

EE407 Micro controller Lab 3 3 75 25 100

ISAP 3

TOTAL 20 15 35 300 225 175 700


78

SUBJECT TITLE : HYDRAULICS AND PRIME MOVERS


SUBJECT CODE : EE 401
PERIODS/ WEEK : 6
PERIODS/ YEAR : 80

TIME SCHEDULE

UNIT TOPIC PERIODS

I Fluid Pressure and Energy in Fluid Motion 15

II Flow through Pipes 15


Test-I 2
III I.C. Engines 15

IV Steam Boilers & Turbines 15


Test-II 2
V Water Turbines and Pumps 15
Test-III 1
------------
Total 80
======

OBJECTIVES

UNIT – I

1.1.0 Understand the Fluid Pressure and its Measurements

1.1.1 Define atmospheric pressure, gauge pressure and absolute pressure


1.1.2 Calculate the absolute pressure from the given gauge pressure
1.1.3 Explain the method of measuring pressure using peizometer
1.1.4 Define peizometer
1.1.5 List different types of manometers
1.1.6 Calculate the pressure difference between two pipe line running full
1.1.7 Calculate the pressure inside a pipe line running full using a U tube manometer
and inverted U tube manometer
1.1.8 Define the differential manometer
1.1.9 Calculate the pressure difference between two points of a pipe line which is
running full
1.1.10 Derive the formulae to find the pressure on a horizontal plane surface immersed
in a liquid
1.1.11 Calculate the pressure on a horizontal and inclined plane surface
1.1.12 Know the types of flow of fluids
1.1.13 List the types of flow
1.1.14 Define uniform flow, non uniform flow, stream line flow, turbulent flow, steady
flow and a unsteady flow
1.1.15 Comprehend the energy in fluid motion
1.1.16 Define the datum head, pressure head and velocity head
79

1.1.17 State total energy


1.1.18 State Bernoulli’s theorem
1.1.19 Prove Bernoulli’s equation
1.1.20 List the limitations of Bernoulli’s theorem
1.1.21 Give the applications of Bernoulli’s theorem
1.1.22 Explain the constructional details of venturi meter
1.1.23 Explain the importance of pitot tube
1.1.24 Calculate the discharge through the venturimeter
1.1.25 Calculate the discharge through the venturimeter

UNIT – II

2.1.0 Understand Flow through Pipes

2.1.1 State the major loss and minor losses


2.1.2 Classify major loss and minor losses
2.1.3 Calculate the loss of head at entrance, due to sudden enlargement, due to sudden
contraction and loss of head at exit
2.1.4 Explain Chezy’s and Darcy’s formula
2.1.5 Calculate the loss of head due to friction in pipes using Chezy’s and Darcy’s
formula
2.1.6 Explain Hydraulic gradient line and total energy line
2.1.7 Calculate the discharge through parallel pipes and branched pipes connected to a
reservoir
2.1.8 Explain the flow through siphon pipe
2.1.9 Calculate the velocity of water flow through nozzle at the end of a pipe line
2.1.10 Calculate the diameter of nozzle for maximum power
2.1.11 Explain the water hammer and its effects
2.1.12 Define laminar flow and turbulent flow
2.1.13 Explain the critical velocity and Reynolds’s number
2.1.14 Calculate the flow through orifice meter
2.1.15 Explain the uses of orifice meter and water meter

UNIT – III

3.1.0 I.C. Engines

3.1.1 Know the working of I.C Engines


3.1.2 Define I.C engines
3.1.3 Classify the I.C Engines such as spark ignition and compression ignition
engines.
3.1.4 Explain with the line diagram the parts and functions of petrol and diesel engines
3.1.5 Explain with line diagram the working principle of a two stroke and four stroke
petrol and diesel engines.
3.1.6 Compare the two stroke and four stroke engines
3.1.7 Explain with diagram the fuel systems of diesel engine like diesel filter, pump
injector
3.1.8 Explain the cooling and lubricating system of diesel engine
3.1.9 Explain the speed load relation
3.1.10 Explain the methods of starting a generator by a diesel engine
3.1.11 Explain the specifications of a diesel engine
80

UNIT – IV

4.1.0 Understand the Steam Boilers

4.1.1 Explain the functions of steam generators


4.1.2 Classify the steam boilers such as fire tube boilers and water tube boilers
4.1.3 Explain with the neat sketch the working of a Babcock and Wilcox boiler
4.1.4 Compare fire tube and water tube boilers
4.1.5 Explain the modern high pressure boilers ex-lament boilers
4.1.6 Know the working of steam turbines
4.1.7 Explain the working principle of steam turbines
4.1.8 Classify the steam turbines
4.1.9 Explain the working of impulse and reaction turbines
4.1.10 Explain the different types of turbines used in different power stations
4.1.11 Explain the speed range and working pressure of steam turbines

UNIT – V

5.1.0 Understand the working of Water Turbines

5.1.1 Classify the water turbines


5.1.2 Explain the impulse turbines and reaction turbines
5.1.3 Explain the waterpower, Break power and overall efficiency
5.1.4 Explain with the sketch the working of Pelton wheel
5.1.5 Explain the working of inward and outward flow reactions turbine
5.1.6 Describe the working of Francis and Kaplan turbine
5.1.7 Explain the speed Vs load characteristics
5.1.8 Explain the speed control of Impulse and Reaction turbines such as spear
valve regulation, guide vane and deflectors
5.1.9 Explain specific speed of turbines
5.1.10 Give the importance of specific speed on selection of turbines

CONTENT DETAILS

UNIT – I

Fluid Pressure and Measurement

Atmospheric pressure - gauge pressure and absolute pressure peizometer – Manometer – U tube –
Inverted U tube- Differential manometer – Pressure on plane surface immersed in liquid -
horizontal and inclined plane surface

Flow of Fluids

Types of flow – uniform flow - non-uniform flow - streamline flow – turbulent flow - steady and
unsteady flow.
81

Energy in Fluid Motion

Datum head - pressure head - velocity head – total energy of fluid in motion – Bernoulli’s
theorem - proof and limitations – practical application of Bernoulli’s theorem – pitot tube –
venturimeter description and use

UNIT - II

Flow through Pipes

Major and minor losses – Loss of head at entrance - due to sudden enlargement - due to sudden
contractions - Loss of head at exit of pipe – Frictional loss in a pipe.

Chezy’s and Darcy’s formula – Hydraulic gradient and total energy line - Discharge through
parallel pipes connected to reservoir - flow through syphon pipe – Hydraulic transmission of
power – flow through nozzle at the end of the pipe line – diameter of nozzle for maximum HP -
Water Hammer and its effect (description only) – Laminar and turbulent flow – critical velocity
measurement of fluid flow using venturimeter – orifice meter and water meter

UNIT – III

I. C. Engines

Definitions – classification – spark ignition (petrol) - compression ignition (diesel) – construction


and working with simple line sketches of two stroke petrol and diesel engine – four stroke petrol
and diesel engine – Comparison of 2 stroke and 4 stroke engines – systems of diesel engines –
fuel system diesel -filter – pump - injection cooling and lubrication system – speed load relation-
speed control – Governors – range capacity of diesel engines - Commercially available to run
generators – specification of diesel generator sets.

UNIT – IV

Steam Boilers

Functions – classifications – fire tube and water tube – water tube boilers – Babcock and Wilcox
– modern high pressure boilers – Brief explanation with line sketches – steam turbines –
advantages over steam engine – types – working principles of impulse and reaction turbines (use
line sketches)

Speed range of working pressure - speed and capacity of different types of turbines used in
thermal power stations

UNIT – V

Water Turbines

Classifications of turbines – impulse and reaction turbines – water power - break power - overall
efficiency – Pelton wheel - description of working – Reactions turbines – working principles
inward and outward flow -Francis turbine and Kaplan turbines – speed load characteristics –
82

Regulation of water turbines – Governors - needle valves - guide vanes and deflectors – specific
speed - Choice of turbine based on specific speed.

Pumps

Classifications- work done-slip- separation-Air vessel – coefficient of discharge in


reciprocating pumps -centrifugal pumps - Description of parts – whirl chamber- volute
chamber and diffuser - least starting speed- characteristics curves - prime mover foot
valve - Multistage pumps- propeller- jet - Airlift and deep well pumps - Application of
pumps

REFERENCE BOOKS

1. A Text Book on Hydraulics - R. S. Khurmi


2. Hydraulics & hydraulic Machines-Jagad lal.
3. Fluid mechanics & Machines-Modi & Sethi.
4. Hydraulics & hydraulic Machines-NITTTR Chennai
5. Thermal Engineering -R.S.Khurmi
83

SUBJECT TITLE : GENERATION, TRANSMISSION &


DISTRIBUTION
SUBJECT CODE : EE 402
PERIODS /WEEK :6
PERIODS/SEMESTER : 80

TIME SCHEDULE

UNIT TOPIC PERIODS

I Generation 15

II Economics of power &Tariff 15

Test – I 2

III Performance of Transmission Lines 15

IV Sag Calculations and Under Ground Cables 15

Test – II 2

V Distribution systems 15

Test - III 1
-----------
Total 80
======

OBJECTIVES

UNIT – I

1.1.0 Understand the various methods of Electrical Power Generation

1.1.1 Know the different sources of energy and method of generation of energy

1.1.2 Draw and explain the general layout of Hydro electric power stations
showing Dam, Reservoir, surge tank, penstocks etc
1.1.3 Compare low head, medium head and high head hydro-electric power
stations
1.1.4 Estimate the available energy from a hydroelectric power station using
available rain fall and head of water
1.1.5 Draw the block diagram and working of gas power station
1.1.6 Draw the block diagram and layout of steam power station and explain
1.1.7 Explain the functions of main accessories in a steam power station
1.1.8 Draw the block diagram and layout of Diesel power station and explain
84

1.1.9 Specify the factors for choice of site of various power plants
1.1.10 Prepare the layout of nuclear power plant and explain the function of each
component
UNIT - II

2.1.0 Understand the economic concepts of Electrical Power

2.1.1. Distinguish between fixed cost and running cost of generators


2.1.2. Mention the different items classified under the running cost
2.1.3. Define daily load factor and annual load factor
2.1.4. Define demand factor and diversity factor
2.1.5. Explain the terms, installed capacity, peak load, base load, connected load
etc
2.1.6. Define the terms demands, maximum demand., average demand etc
2.1.7. Understand the effect of load factor and diversity factor on cost of
generation
2.1.8. Compute the overall cost/unit of Generation Explain the term tariff related
electric supply system
2.1.9. Compare cost of generation and choice of site for different power stations
(steam, hydro, diesel and atomic power stations) assuming typical over all
efficiency
2.1.10. Study of different types of tariff – flat rate, block rate two part tariff
2.1.11. Solve problems in tariff
2.1.12. Appreciate the necessity of power factor improvement in supply systems
and mention various methods of p.f Improvement
2.1.13. Determine the KVAR ratings of capacitors for power factor improvement
in 1 phase and 3 phase loads
2.1.14. Solve problems in p.f improvement

UNIT - III

3.1.0 Understand the concept of Transmission Lines

3.1.1. State clearly the effect of voltage on the design of transmission line
3.1.2. Obtain the most economical transmission voltage
3.1.3. Appreciate the advantage of DC transmission system
3.1.4. Understand the various transmissions line constants R, L and C.
3.1.5. Define skin effect
3.1.6. State the formula finding capacitance and inductance of round and parallel
conductors, single phase and three phase symmetrical and transposed
spacing
3.1.7. State the necessity of transposition of conductors in overhead transmission
lines
3.1.8. Solve simple problems related to line constants
3.1.9. Classify the transmission lines based on length of transmission as short,
medium and long transmission lines
85

3.1.10. Identify the parameters related to short transmission lines


3.1.11. Apply the transmission line contains and determine the regulation and
efficiency and p.f of short transmission line, given the load conditions at
the receiving end
3.1.12. Define corona and ferranti effect in the transmission line

UNIT - IV

4.1.0 Understand the various types of cables & sag in transmission lines

4.1.1. Classify the U.G cables based on the transmission voltage


4.1.2. Describe the construction and general features with figures of the multi
core belted type, screentype, pressure cables oil filled cable, XLPE cables
4.1.3. List out the advantages of pressure cables
4.1.4. Write down the specifications of U.G cables used for high voltage
transmission
4.1.5. Explain the routine maintenance and test to be conducted in the cable
installation
4.1.6. Laying of underground cables
4.1.7. Explain the term sag in transmission line
4.1.8. Derive the simple expression for finding sag
4.1.9. State the various effects of ice and wind in sag calculation
4.1.10. Solve simple problems in sag with supports at same level and at different
level
4.1.11. Describe the functions of vibration dampers
4.1.12. Distinguish between the O.H systems and U.G systems of transmission
4.1.13. State the advantages and disadvantages of U.G systems
4.1.14. Advantages of HVAC

UNIT - V

5.1.0 Understand the Concept of Distribution Systems

5.1.1. Describe the functions of insulators


5.1.2. Classify the different types of insulator – pin, disc and strain
5.1.3. Compare the various types of insulators and list out the advantages
5.1.4. Define the expression for string efficiency (upto 3 disc)
5.1.5. Derive string efficiency
5.1.6. Solve simple problem on string efficiency
5.1.7. State the necessity of guarding rings arcing horns
5.1.8. Describe the necessity of insulator testing
5.1.9. Explain the flash over, performance and routine test as per I.S code
5.1.10. Compare DC two wire system with DC three wire systems
5.1.11. Compare DC two wire system with AC single phase and three phase
systems
5.1.12. Define feeders, distributors and service mains
86

5.1.13. Study of Radial, ring an inter connected systems


5.1.14. Study DC distribution calculations
5.1.15. Study AC distribution calculations

CONTENT DETAILS

UNIT - I

Electrical Power Generation


Introduction
Sources of energy – Conventional– layout and working of Hydro – electric power
stations - thermal power station - Nuclear power station - gas based power station and
diesel power stations
Estimations of available energy from Hydro electric power stations -
Choice of site for power stations - Comparison of cost of different power stations

UNIT - II

Economics of Power
cost of generation– fixed and running cost – interest –depreciation - total annual cost
Maximum demand - average demand and load factor (daily and annual) - diversity factor
of generation - effect of load factor and diversity factor on cost of generation – total
generating cost per kWh-problems
Tariff - types of tariff - problems
Power Factor improvement – necessity of determination of KVAR - rating of capacitors
for the power factor improvement for 1 and 3 phase loads – Problems

UNIT - III

Transmission Line elements


Transmission of electrical energy – different systems of transmission and circuit -
conductor size in AC systems - Choice of voltage - Principles and advantages of DC
transmission system -Transmission line constants - Inductance and capacitance of round
and parallel conductors 1) single phase 2) three phase with symmetrically spaced
conductors
Transposition of conductors and its necessity - inductances - capacitance of transposed
lines (formula only) – Problems - Performance of transmission lines – definition of short,
medium and long lines - lumped and distributed parameters – Equivalent circuit and
vector diagram of short transmission lines for different power factor - conditions at
receiving end – calculations of sending end voltage and power factor - Regulation and
transmission efficiency from receiving end conditions- Problems - Skin effect in ACSR
conductors – corona in transmission lines – Ferranti effect .
87

UNIT - IV

Underground cables – comparison between Overhead line and Underground cables –


advantages of Underground cables – classifications of cables used for different operating
voltage - General construction of cables - multi core cables – belted type, screen type and
lead sheath type – oil filled cables and gas pressure cables – construction and advantage
of pressure cable - XLPE cable – specifications of cables Factors affecting routing –
Routine tests on cables-laying of cables
Sag in transmission lines and expression for sag effect of ice coating and wind –
Problems in sag with supports at the same level and supports at different levels -
vibrations dampers
-OH and UG lines- HVAC- Advantages of High voltage transmission

UNIT - V

Concepts of Distribution Systems


Insulators – types of insulators - advantages of each type – voltage distribution across
insulator string -Definition of string - efficiency – use of guard ring and arc horns –
testing of insulators - flash over -Comparison between DC and AC distribution systems
General arrangement of an AC distribution system –
Problems in DC ,AC distribution systems-fed at one end and both ends.

REFERENCE BOOKS

1. Electrical Power - S.L.Uppal


2. Principles of power systems - V.K. Mehta
3. Principles of power systems - Sony,Gupta,Bhatnagar
88

SUBJECT TITLE : DC MACHINES


SUBJECT CODE : EE 403
PERIODS/WEEK :6
PERIOS/YEAR :80

TIME SCHEDULE

UNIT TOPIC PERIODS

I Basic concepts of machines 15

II Performance of D.C Generators 15

Test - I 2

III Characteristics of DC generators 15

IV Performance of DC motors 15

Test – II 2

V Characteristics of DC and special DCmotors 15

Test - III 1
------------
Total 80
======
89

OBJECTIVES

UNIT – I

1.1.0 Basic concepts of rotating electrical machines

1.1.1. Understand the Basic electro magnetic laws


1.1.2. Study the EMF generation in a coil
1.1.3. Explain Production of torque
1.1.4. Study the Elementary concepts of electrical machines
1.1.5. Study the Common features of electrical machines
1.1.6. Classify the Types of rotating electrical machines
1.1.7. Study the MMF and Flux distribution
1.1.8. Explain Power losses and efficiemcy
1.1.9. Study the Ventilation and cooling
UNIT – II

2.1.0 Know the performance of D.C Generators


2.1.1 Constructional details of DC generators
2.1.2 State the reasons for using specific materials for each part
2.1.3 Types of generators
2.1.4 Derive the e.m.f equations of a D.C generators
2.1.5 Solve problems using e.m.f equation
2.1.6 Distinguish between terminal voltage and induced e.m.f in load condition
2.1.7 Armature windings

UNIT - III

3.1.0 Characteristics of D.C Generators

3.1.1. Describe the effects of armature reaction


3.1.2. Commutation in DC generators
3.1.3. Study the methods of improving commutation using 1. Interlope 2. Carbon
brushes
3.1.4. Study the necessity of compensating winding
3.1.5. Study the necessity of equalizer connections
3.1.6. Enumerate the reasons of shunt generator failing to build up of voltage and
suggest rectification
3.1.7. Draw the characteristics of shunt, series and compound generators
3.1.8. Describe critical field resistance and critical speed
3.1.9. Parallel operation and load sharing
3.1.10. Applications of dc generators
90

UNIT - IV

4.1.0 Performance of D.C Motor


4.1.1 Working principle of DC motors
4.1.2 Classify the D.C motor based on field connection
4.1.3 Explain the back e.m.f and derive speed and torque equation
4.1.4 Solve problems using torque and speed equation
4.1.5 Draw the characteristics relating to armature, current, torque and speed for
series shunt and compound motors
4.1.6 Describe the factors and methods of speed control of D.C motors
4.1.7 State the necessity of starters
4.1.8 Types of starters

UNIT - V

5.1.0 Characteristics of D.C Motor


5.1.1. State the losses in D.C., machines
5.1.2. Explain the procedure with sketches to determine the efficiency of D.C
shunt motor
5.1.3. State the advantages and disadvantages of swinburne’s test
5.1.4. Complete the condition for maximum efficiency
5.1.5. State the application of D.C. series, shunt and compound motor
5.1.6. Explain the construction and working of permanent magnet D.C motor
5.1.7. State the advantages and disadvantages of permanent magnet D.C motor
5.1.8. Study the performance and speed control of permanent magnet D.C motor
5.1.9. Study the construction and working of low inertia D.C motors
5.1.10. State the advantages and disadvantage of low inertia D.C. motors
5.1.1 State the applications of permanent magnet D.C motor and low inertia
D.C. ,motors

CONTENT DETAILS

UNIT – I
Basic concepts of rotating electrical machines
Basic electro magnetic laws-EMF generation in a rotating electrical machine-
Physical concepts of production of torque-Elementary concepts of electrical machines-
Common features of rotating electrical machines-Types of rotating electrical machines-
MMF and Flux distribution in DC and AC machine-Voltages in DC and AC machines-
Torque balance-Power losses and efficiemcy-Methods of Ventillation and cooling of
machines.
91

UNIT – II

Know the performance of D.C Generators

Principle of working of a simple loop generator – practical generator and construction


details – commutator assembly
e.m.f equation and problems- Classifications of generators based on method of
excitations – separately excited and self-excited types –shunt - series and compound
generators - relation between terminal voltage and induced e.m.f on load – Problems
Armature windings-drum winding.lap winding,wave winding,equalizer connections

UNIT – III

Characteristics of D.C Generators

Armature reaction – effects – de magnetizing and cross magnetizing- Commutation –


method of improving commutations interpole – compensating windings
Generator characteristics – O.C.C – external and internal characteristics of shunt, series
and compound generators - Critical field resistance and critical speed – conditions of
excitations - uses of D.C. generators

UNIT – IV

Performance of D.C Motor

Motor principle – back emf - Voltage equation of a motor - torque equation – problems -
Types of motor shunt, series and compound motors - Motor characteristics –
torque/armature current - speed/armature current - speed /torque for D.C shunt series and
compound motors - derive the equation of compound motors
Factors controlling motor speed – field control and armature control - methods of shunt -
Series and compound motors
Starting of D.C. motors – necessity of starters – Types of starters-two point- three point
and four point starters

UNIT – V

Characteristics of D.C Motor

Testing of D.C motor – losses in D.C. machines - determinations of efficiency by direct


loading - swineburne test - advantages and disadvantages - efficiency of machine -
working motor and generator –Constructions – working – peformances – speed control –
advantages, disadvantages and applications of Permanent Magnet D.C. motor – low
inertia D.C motors
92

REFERENCE BOOKS

1. A text book of Electrical Technology Vol. II – B.L. Theraja,


2. Electric drives – N.K. De and P.K. Son
3. Electrical Machinery & Transformers - Irving.L.Kosow
4. Theory and performance of Electrical Machines- J.B.Gupta
93

SUBJECT TITLE : MICROCONTROLLERS & APPLICATIONS


SUBJECT CODE : EE 404
PERIODS/WEEK : 6
PERIODS/SEMESTER : 80

TIME SCHEDULE

UNIT TOPIC PERIODS

I. Microcontroller architecture 15

II Micro Controller operation 15


Test – I 2
III Micro Controller Programming 15

IV Micro Controller Interfacing 15

Test – II 2
V Micro Controller applications 15
Test – III 1
---------
Total 80
=====

OBJECTIVES

UNIT – I

1.1.0. Understand Micro Controller Architecture

1.1.1. Give introduction to micro controllers


1.1.2. Explain features of micro controllers
1.1.3. Describe 8051 architecture
1.1.4. Explain register structure of 8031
1.1.5. Explain special function register 8051
1.1.6. Describe internal & external memory of 8051
94

UNIT – II

Micro Controllers-interrupts & operation

2.1.1. Describe input output pins & ports of 8051


2.1.2. Explain counters & timers in 8051
2.1.3. Explain serial input/output of 8051
2.1.4. Explain interrupt in 8051
2.1.5. Explain timing diagram
2.1.6. Describe modes of operation

UNIT – III

3.1.0 Understand Micro Controller Programming

3.1.1 Explain instruction set of 8051


3.1.2 Explain logical operation
3.1.3 Describe arithmetic operations
3.1.4 Describe Jump and call instructions
3.1.5 Describe timing & subroutines
3.1.6 Explain look up tables
3.1.7 Describe serial data transmission

UNIT IV

4.1.0 Understand Micro Controller Interfacing

4.1.1 Describe peripheral chips


4.1.2 Describe 8255 PPI
4.1.3 Describe 8259 PIC
4.1.4 Describe 8279, key board/display interface
4.1.5 Describe 8251 USART
4.1.6 Describe 8253 timer/counter
4.1.7 Describe 8237 DMA controller

UNIT – V

5.1.0. Understand applications of Micro Controllers


5.1.1. Describe application in keyboard
5.1.2. Explain application in displays
5.1.3. Explain application in pulse measurement
5.1.4. Describe application in D/A & A/D converters
5.1.5. Describe application in stepper motor control
5.1.6. Describe application in DC motor control
5.1.7. Explain serial data communication using micro controller
95

CONTENT DETAILS

UNIT – I:

Micro Controller Architecture


Introduction to micro controllers – Main features of micro controllers – Micro controller
family – 8051 architecture – register structure – special function register – Internal
memory – External memory

UNIT – II:

Micro Controllers-interrupts & operation


Input/output pins, ports, and controls – Counters and Timers – Serial data Input/Output –
Interrupts – timing diagram – modes of operation.

UNIT – III:

Micro Controller Programming


Instruction set of 8051 – Addressing modes – Data transfer – Logical operations –
Arithmetic operations – Jump and Call instructions – Timing subroutines – Look up
tables – Serial Data Transmission-Simple programs

UNIT IV:

Micro Controller Interfacing


Study of peripheral chips – 8255 programmable peripheral interface – 8279 key board/display
interface – 8251 USART – 8253 Timer/Counter – Functional block diagram,interfacing etc.

UNIT – V:

Micro Controller Applications


Applications of micro controllers – keyboard – displays – pulse measurement – D/A and A/D
converters – stepper motor control – DC motor controller – Serial data communication.

REFERENCE BOOKS

1. Microprocessor Architecture, Programming, and Applications with the 8085


(5thEdition) Ramesh S.Gaonkar
2. The 8051 Micro controller and embedded systems - Mazidi and Mazidi
3. The 8051 Micro controller - Kenneth. J. Ayala
96

SUBJECT TITLE : ELECTRICAL WORKSHOP PRACTICE


SUBJECT CODE : EE 405
PERIODS/WEEK : 3
PERIODS/YEAR : 80

TOPICS

PART - I: (NOT FOR EXAMINATION)


Study on Specification of Wires and Trade Names, Use of wire gauge,
types of wiring, soldering practice. Identifications of components – color
coding
1. Unsheathing Wire baring and bending ears of solid wires
2. Soldering of thimbles to stranded wires
3. Crimping of Thimbles
4. Wire-jointing
4.1 Straight married joint
4.2 T-joint
4.3 Western Union joint
4.4 Britannia joint
4.5 Twist sleeve joint
PART - II: Wiring Practice
Wire Up the following Circuits in Conduit System
1.Two or more lamps connected in series and controlled by means of one switch
2.Two lamps controlled by two switches independently from two different points
3.Series parallel control of two lamps using Two – way switches
4.One lamp controlled by two switches from two different points
5.Two lamps controlled independently with a independent plug as per rules
6.Hospital wring
7. Three or more lamps in go-down system of wiring
8.Single phase circuits with cut outs, energy meter, main switch, fuses and
distribution board with MCB, ELCB
9.To make a main distribution board with four out going circuits for light and fan
loads including main switch and fuses (only internal connections to be made).
10.To make an extension board with two 5 A sockets and one 15 A socket
controlled by their respective switches. Also to provide a fuse and an indicator.
11 To make a series test lamp board and to use it for finding out simple electrical
faults.
12 Testing of domestic wiring circuits with the help of Meggar.
13. Measure the earth resistance and resistivity

..
97

SUBJECT TITLE : DC MACHINES LAB


SUBJECT CODE : EE 406
PERIODS/WEEK : 3
PERIODS/YEAR : 48

CONTENT DETAILS

1. Study of DC machines
2. Identification of DC Machines from name plate
3. Study of DC motor starters
4. Measure the armature & field resistance of DC machines
5. Draw the O.C C of D.C shunt generator at rated speed. Determination of critical field
resistance and maximum EMF induced on open circuit at rated speed. Derivation of
O.C.C and critical field resistance at different speeds
6. Draw the O.C.C of separately excited generator, and to determine the critical field
resistance at rated speed
7. Plot the external characteristics of D.C series generator
8. Draw the external and internal characteristic of D.C shunt generator
9. Draw the external characteristics of D.C compound generator
(a) Cumulative field connections
(b) Different field connections
10. Conduct Load test on dc shunt motor
11. Perform Load test on dc series motor
12. Conduct Load test on dc compound motor
13. No. load test ( swinburne’s Test) on a D.C shunt motor and pre-determine the
efficiency of the machine under the following working conditions
(a) Machine working as a generator delivering a specified kW output
(b) Machine working as a motor delivering specified kW out put
14. Perform Load Text on Motor generator set &Determination of over all efficiency of
the set
15. Draw the speed control characteristics (speed Vs %F.L characteristics) of a D.C shunt
motor on load with constant field circuit resistance and variable values of armature
circuit resistance (Arm. control)
16. Plot the speed control characteristics of D.C shunt motor (field control)
98

SUBJECT TITLE : MICROCONTROLLER LAB


SUBJECT CODE : EE 407
PERIODS/WEEK : 3
PERIODS/SEMESTER : 48

CONTENT DETAILS

Micro controller programming

1. Familiarization of 8051 Micro controller Kit and writing and executing a sample program
Programs for the following in the kit and test
2. Multiplication of two numbers
3. Finding the maximum value in an array
4. Ascending order / Descending order.
5. BCD to Hex conversion
6. Hex to BCD conversion
7. Binary to ASCII
8. ASCII to Binary
9. Program using I/Os in port 1
10. Counter using timer
11. Program using interrupt
Interfacing with application boards

12. Digital I/O


13. Matrix keyboard
14. Seven segment displays
15. LCD Displays
16. Traffic light
17. 8 bit ADC and 8 bit DAC
18. Stepper motor control
19. DC motor control
20. Sending data through serial port of controller and receiving data from PC
99

SUBJECTS OF STUDY AND SCHEME OF EVALUATION

SEMESTER V

Periods Per Week Evaluation (Marks)


Code Subject Practical/
Theory Total Theory Practical Internal Total
Tutorial

EE501 AC Machines-1 5 1 6 75 25 100

Switch Gear & Protection


EE502 5 1 6 75 25 100

EE503 Power Electronics 5 1 6 75 25 100

Design , Estimating &


EE504 5 1 6 75 25 100
Costing

Computer Aided Drafting


EE505 3 3 75 25 100
Lab -1

EE506 Industrial Electronics & 3 3 75 25 100


PLC Lab
Electrical Maintenance 3 3 75 25 100
EE507
Lab

Project*/Seminar 2 2

TOTAL 20 15 35 300 225 175 700


• *Project work to be started in fifth semester
100

SUBJECT TITLE : AC MACHINES-1


SUBJECT CODE : EE 501
PERIODS/WEEK :6
PERIODS/SEMESTER : 80

TIME SCHEDULE

UNIT TOPIC PERIODS

I Transformer Principles
15

II Testing of transformers 15

Test - I 2
III Special purpose Transformers. 15

IV Principle of Induction Motors 15

Test – II 2
V Speed Control of Induction Motor 15

Test - III 2
------------
Total 80
======

OBJECTIVES
UNIT - I

1.1.0. Transformer Principles


1.1.1. State the working principles of transformer
1.1.2. Describe the constructional details and classification of transformers
1.1.3. Identify the materials for core
1.1.4. Study the different types of insulation used
1.1.5. Sketch the identify 1 phase and 3 phase transformer
1.1.6.Derive the e.m.f equation of transformer
1.1.7. Compute the unknown quantities applying e.m.f equation
1.1.8. Identify the two components of no –load current
1.1.9. Represent the flux , e.m.f no load current and its components in a vector diagram
1.1.10.Differentiate between the mutual flux and leakage flux along with their magnetic path
1.1.11.Explain the primary and secondary leakage reactance
101

1.1.12. Draw the vector diagram under load condition, under different power factor
1.1.13. Understand the equivalent impedance resistance and reactance referred to primary and
secondary
1.1.14. Solve the problems on e.m.f equations and equivalent impedance reactance and resistance
1.1.15. Identify the losses in a transformers
1.1.16. Draw and analyze approximate equivalent circuit
1.1.17. Derive an expression for the approximate voltage drop
1.1.18. Define voltage regulation
1.1.19. Define percentage resistance, reactance and impedance drop
1.1.20. Compute the percentage regulation of given load condition and transformer parameter
1.1.21. Define per unit values of resistance reactance and impedance
1.1.22. Enumerate the losses
1.1.23. Obtain the condition of maximum efficiency and determine the corresponding load

UNIT - II

2.1.0. Testing of Transformers


2.1.1. Understand the procedure for polarity and ratio test
2.1.2. Compute regulation and efficiency from data obtained from O.C and S.C test on
transformer
2.1.3. Calculate huge voltage regulation and efficiency from predetermined data obtained from
O.C and S.C
2.1.4. Obtain the equivalent circuit parameters from O.C and S.C test data and draw the
equivalent circuit
2.1.5. Describe the procedure of direct load test on 1 phase transformer, determine efficiency
and regulation
2.1.6. Understand the applications of three-phase transformer and method of connections
2.1.7. Sketch and explain open delta connection
2.1.8. Distinguish between the power transformer and distribution transformer
2.1.9. Understand the need of territory winding
2.1.10. Define the term All day efficiency and compute All day efficiency from given data with
reference to distribution transformer
UNIT - III

3.1.0. Understand the Principle and Application of Special Purpose Transformers


3.1.1. Draw the constructional details of auto transformers
3.1.2. Differentiating between 2 winding and single wining transformers based on power
transferred by induction and conduction
3.1.3. Compute the amount of copper saving in an auto transformer an compared to a 2 winding
transformer of the save capacity and voltage ratio
3.1.4. State the applications of auto transformer
3.1.5. Identify the advantages and disadvantages of auto transformer over 2 winding
transformer
3.1.6. State the need for voltage control by tap changing systems
3.1.7. Identify the principle and methods o f tap changing
3.1.8. State the applications of OFF load and ON load tap changing based on principle of
operations
3.1.9. Relate the temperature raise and losses in a transformer
3.1.10. List out the various methods of cooling transformers as per ISI standard
3.1.11. Draw the details of different types of cooling system
3.1.12. Understand the principle of current transformer
102

3.1.13. State the specifications of C.T, class of accuracy of C.T


3.1.14. State the practical applications of C.T
3.1.15. Precautions for C.T connections
3.1.16. Principle of P.T.
3.1.17. Specifications and applications of P.T

UNIT - IV

4.1.0. Understand the Principle of Induction Motors


4.1.1. Know the parts of an induction motor and the materials used for each part.
4.1.2. Bring out the differences in construction between a squiral cage and slipping Induction
motor
4.1.3. Enlist the advantages of skewing of rotor conductors in squirrel cage rotor.
4.1.4. Explain how 3 phases current produce rotating magnetic field
4.1.5. Derive an equation for the magnitudes of resultant magnetic field
4.1.6. State how rotor on applying a 3 phase voltage to the stator winding
4.1.7. Define slip
4.1.8. Find the rotor frequency and rotor emf under running conditions.
4.1.9. Understand the variation of rotor reactance and rotor power factor under running
conditions
4.2.0. Understand Three Phase Induction Motor Power and Torque
4.2.1. Understand the analogy between induction motor and transformer
4.2.2. Draw the equivalent circuit diagram of induction motor
4.2.3. Calcutate the electrical load equivalent to the mechanical load on the motor, from the
equivalent circuit.
4.2.4. Find out the equivalent circuit parameters by conducting no load and blocked rotor test
4.2.5. Derive Torque Equation
4.2.6. Defined torque in synchronous watts
4.2.7. Derive the condition for maximum torque
4.2.8. Find out the value of maximum torque
4.2.9. Derive torque – slip characteristic form torque equation
4.2.10. Explain the effect of rotor resistance on torque –slip characteristic curve
4.2.11. Find the ratio of starting Torque to Tmax
4.2.12. Find out the ratio of Tmax to T-full load.
4.2.13. Solve problems on Torque equation.
4.2.14. Understand the effect of voltage on induction motor operation
4.2.15. Power stages of induction motor
4.2.16. Losses and efficiency

UNIT - V

5.1.0. Understand the Circle diagram, Starting and Speed Control of Induction Motor
5.1.1. Study to construct circle diagram by conducting no load test and blocked rotor test.
5.1.2. Interpret the performance of 3-phase induction motor from circles diagram.
5.1.3. Develop performance characteristics from circle diagram
5.1.4. Measurement of slip
5.1.5. Study the necessity of starters
5.1.6. List out the various methods of starting and induction motor
5.1.7. Explain each method with the help of circuit diagram
5.1.8. Compare the starting Torque with full load torque from each method
5.1.9. Understand the need of Speed control
103

5.1.10. Speed control by pole changing


5.1.11. Describe the speed control of induction motor by changing stator frequency
5.1.12. Understand the methods of speed control using rotor rheostat method
5.1.13. Equivalent circuit of double cage induction motors
5.1.14. Application of induction motors
5.1.15. Design a small induction motor( D & L only)

CONTENT DETAILS

UNIT – I

Transformer Principles.
Principle – advantages - construction and classification - core- shell, radial types - core materials
– grain oriented silicon steel - insulation - different types of insulation - construction of single
phase transformer- three phase transformer - explosion vent - breather - conservator tank etc. -
emf equation - transformation ratio - step up and step down transformers
Transformer on no load - Vector diagram - component of no load current - no load parameters
and no load losses - Transformer on load - difference between leakage flux and mutual flux -
Primary and secondary leakage reactance - transformer constants on load.
Vector diagram of transfomer on load with different power factors - equivalent impedance as
referred to primary and secondary.
Simple problems on determination of primary current losses - secondary current and efficiency
based on approximate equivalent circuit - determination of approximate voltage drop – exact
voltage drop – equivalent circuit
Voltage regulation- definition – percentage – regulation - percentage impedance - permit values
of resistance - reactance and impedance - Problems - losses and efficiency - condition of
maximum efficiency - KVA output at maximum efficiency - Problems

UNIT – II
Testing of Transformers

Polarity tests - Ratio tests - open circuit test - short circuit test - load test on single-phase
transformer as BIS code of practice - Determination of transformer – parameters such as
percentage resistance, percentage reactance and percentage impedance - Predetermination of
efficiency and regulation at various loads and power factors
Three phase transformer- connection - methods of connection - vector group - specific areas of
applications - Open delta connection - Distinction between power transformer and distribution
transformer - tertiary winding and its use- Define the term al day efficiency and compute All day
efficiency from given data with reference to distribution transformer-problems.

UNIT – III

Special purpose transformers


Auto transformers – constructions - saving of copper fields of applications - advantage and
disadvantages over two winding transformers - necessity of tap changing - OFF LOAD tap
changing system and ON LOAD tap changing - Automatic tap changing systems
Necessity of cooling - classification of transformer based on method of cooling - Method of
cooling described with sketches
104

Instrument transformers - current transformers - schematic diagram - current transformer -


specifications - uses of C .T - Applications of C.T in current and power measurements - class of
accuracy of CT & PT

Potential transformers – Schematic diagram – specification - electromagnetic and capacitor type –


applications - precautions in the use of P.T

UNIT – IV
Principles of Induction Motor
Three phase induction motor - Principle of operation - production of rotating magnetic filed in a
three-phase induction motor – speed of rotating magnetic field
Constructional details of squirrel cage and phase wound motors TEFC/Flame proof - construction
of Induction motors – skewing of rotor conductors in squirrel cage motor – advantages
Slip and frequency of rotor currents - Relation between rotor emf and stator emf - Resistance and
reactance of rotor - Stand still rotor reactance - Rotor power factor
Analogy between Induction Motor and transformer- exact and approximate equivalent circuit -
Relationship between rotor input, rotor, copper loss and rotor output power transfer form stator to
rotor-Problems
Torque equation of induction motor – relationship between torque and rotor resistance - Torque
slip characteristics – torque in synchronous watts and Newton meters - Relation of full load
torque to stand still torque - Effect of voltage on Induction motor operation - maximum torque
and condition for maximum torque-power flow diagram-losses & efficiency-problems

UNIT - V

Speed control of induction motor


No load and blocked rotor tests - determination of equivalent circuit- relation of circle diagram of
induction motor form simplified equivalent circuit - power scale and determination performance
characteristics using circle diagram at various loads – problems –measurement of slip-
Starting of induction motors – necessity of starters for squirrel cage and slip ring induction
motors – Improving starting torque in cage and phase wound motors.
Speed control of induction motors – pole change - Change of stator frequency, rotor resistance
control.
Single phase induction motors: - Principle of operation - Revolving double field theory – split
phase shaded pole – repulsion – start - capacitor start - capacitor run motor - field of application
of each type.
Design of diameter and length of induction motor( formula only)

REFERENCE BOOKS

5. A text book of Electrical Technology Vol. II – B.L. Theraja, A.K. Theraja


6. Electric drives – N.K. De and P.K. Son
7. Electrical Machinery & Transformers - Irving.L.Kosow
8. Electrical Machines - Smarajit Ghosh
9. Synchronous induction & special machines - Sheila.C.Haran
105

SUBJECT TITLE : SWITCHGEAR & PROTECTION


SUBJECT CODE : EE 502
PERIODS/WEEK : 6
PERIODS/SEMESTER : 80

TIME SCHEDULE

UNIT TOPIC PERIODS

I Short Circuit Current Calculation & Fuses 15

II Circuit breakers 15

Test - I 2

III Protective relays 15

IV Protection 15

Test - II 2

V Earthing&Lightning arresters 15

Test – III 1

Total 80

OBJECTIVES

UNIT - I

1.1.0 Understand Short Circuit Current Calculations, Sources of Short Circuit, Fuses

1.1.1 Know the different types of fault in power systems


1.1.2 Know the elementary idea of synchronous, transient and sub transient reactants
1.1.3 Know the different types of current limiting reactors
1.1.4 Understand the calculations of fault current in power system
1.1.5 Understand fuse and fusing element
1.1.6 Define terms such as fusing current, rated current of fuse element, fusing factor
,factors affecting current carrying capacity of fuse elements
1.1.7 Know the prospective and cut off currents pre arcing time arcing time and
operating time of fuses inverse current characteristics etc
1.1.8 Know the classifications of fuses
106

1.1.9 Understand the constructions and working of HRC fuses


1.1.10 Know the selection of HRC fuses
1.1.11 State the advantages of fuse

UNIT - II

2.1.0 Understand the Working of Circuit breakers

2.1.1. Study the Arc phenomena and extinction


2.1.2. Terms associated with circuit breaking
2.1.3. Classification of circuit breakers
2.1.4. Describe working principle of oil CB
2.1.5. Explain the Air Blast Circuit Breaker
2.1.6. Explain the principle and operation of SF6 circuit breakers
2.1.7. Explain the principle and operation of air circuit breakers
2.1.8. Explain the principle and operation of vacuum circuit breakers and compare it with other
types
2.1.9. Testing of circuit breakers

UNIT – III

3.1.0 Understand the relays


3.1.1.state the basic requirements of protective relaying
3.1.2.Explain the primary and Back up protection
3.1.3.study the typical time current characteristics
3.1.4.Explain the principles of involved in obtaining
(a) Inverse time characteristic
(b) Inverse definite minimum time lag
(c) Different time settings
3.1.5.Classify the relay based on
(i) Construction and principles of operation and
(ii) Time of operation Sketch the circuit diagram showing the relay connection to
the tripping circuit
3.1.6.Describe the principles of operation of the following relays with a neat sketch
(a) Attracted armature type
(b) Solenoid plunger type
3.1.7. State the applications of the above relays
3.1.8. Describe the construction and principle of operation of an induction type over current relay
3.1.9.Calculate the actual operating time given the ratios of CT Current multiplier
settings, time multiplier setting and the fault current
3.1.10.Explain the principle of obtaining directional property to over current relay
3.1.11.Explain the construction principle and operation of distance relay (with a sketch).
3.1.12.Sketch the characteristic of impedance relay

UNIT – IV

4.1.0. PROTECTON

4.1.1 Explain the protection of Alternators and motors


4.1.2 Explain the protection of Transformers
107

4.1.3 protection of bus bars


4.1.4 Explain the various protection of transmission lines
4.1.5 Explain the causes of transient and over voltage
4.1.6 Know the apparatus used in power stations and sub stations
4.1.7 Understand the protection by ground wires
4.1.8 Lightning and safety

UNIT - V

5.1.0 Understand Lightning , Lightning arresters and Earthing

5.1.1 Study of over voltage due to lightning


5.1.2 Mechanism of lightning phenomena
5.1.3 Causes of over voltage
5.1.4 Lightning strokes
5.1.5 Protection against lightning
5.1.6 Lightning arresters-operation and types
5.1.7 Power system earthing-objectives
5.1.8 Effects of electric current on human body
5.1.9 Soil resistivity and measurement
5.1.10 Grounding resistance
5.1.11 Neutral earthing

CONTENT DETAILS

UNIT – I

Short Circuit Current Calculation & Fuses


Faults in power system – calculation of fault current – sources of fault - limitations of fault
current - percentage and per unit reactance – base KVA - Synchronous - transient and sub
transient reactants - Symmetrical fault calculations - Problems - Reactors – use of reactors –
construction of unshielded and magnetically shielded types – location of reactors (generator,
feeder and bus bar reactors)-related problems.
Fuses – fusing element – rated current of fuse element - fusing factor - factors affecting current
carrying capacity of fuse elements - Prospective current of a circuit- cut off – pre-arcing time -
arcing time and operating time of fuses - Inverse current characteristics – classification of fuses -
Description of expulsion and cartridge fuses-Drop out fuse – characteristic of HRC fuses - Cut off
current and time current - characteristics of HRC fuses - Rupturing capacity - selection of HRC
fuse - advantages and disadvantages of HRC fuses -problems

UNIT – II

Circuit breakers
Circuit breakers – functions – fault clearing process - trip circuit – classification based on arc
quenching process – high resistance and current zero - arc extinguish - idea of arc voltage -
recovery voltage – restriking voltage - current chopping - switching – principles and applications
Oil circuit breakers – working principle – classification of circuit breakers Air blast – circuit
breaker – advantages – principles with simple sketches – vacuum circuit breaker - principles with
simple sketches – air circuit breaker –SF6 circuit breakers-circuit breaker advantages – working
with simple sketch - Selections and specification of circuit breakers - circuit breaker ratings -
108

breaking capacity and making capacity - short time current rating and rated voltage normal
current rating-testing of circuit breakers

UNIT – III

Relays
Protective relays- importance of protective relays – primary and back up protection - properties of
relays – Inverse time definite minimum time properties - Current setting time - setting and
tripping time - Classification of relays - electromagnetic relays - induction relays - Construction
and working of attracted armature type electromagnetic relay - directional and non- directional -
induction over current relays - Static relays- functional circuits - brief description with block
diagram - Electronic time delay – relay using transistors- microprossesor based digital relays

UNIT - IV

Protection
Protection of alternators – differential protection against internal faults - Principle and schematic
diagram and working - Protection against loss of excitation –over load ,over voltage,overspeed
protection- motoring-rotor fault protection-vibration, bearing protection-back up protection-
Principle and necessity of field suppression.-Protection of ac motors.
Protection of transformers – differential protection – schematic diagram - working - current
transformer connections in star and delta – safety devices of the transformers - Buchholz relay –
brief description and working
Bus bar protection-arrangement-bus-zone fault-back up protection-differential over current
protection
Protection of transmission lines – over current,overload and earth fault-time graded –current
graded-pilot wires protection-protection of radial and ring system by graded time lag protection -
Protection of parallel feeders

UNIT-V

Earthing and Lightning arresters


Surges – causes of transient- over voltage- mechanism of lightning phenomena-lightning strokes-
-Lightning arresters- thyrite lightning arrestor – surge absorbers –-rod gap, sphere gap, horn gap,
multiple gap arresters-testing of arresters
Earthing-effects on human body-soil resistivity and measurement-earthing mat-size of earthing
conductor
Power stations – substations and electrical apparatus protection by ground wire – Neutral
grounding – comparison of Earthed and isolated three phase systems - Types of grounding -
description of solid - resistance and reactance earthing of neutral – earthing transformers-sub
station earthing

REFERENCE BOOKS

1. A Text Book of Electrical Technology, Vol. III – B.L. Theraja


2. Principles of Power System - V.K. Mehta
3.Utilisation of Electrical Energy - N.V.Surya Narayana
4.Switch gear & Protection - J.B.Gupta
5.Principle of Switch gear & Protection - Sunil S Rao
109

SUBJECT TITLE : POWER ELECTRONICS


SUBJECT CODE : EE 503
PERIODS/WEEK : 6
PERIODS/SEMESTER : 80

TIME SCHEDULE

UNIT TOPIC PERIODS

I Power control devices 15

II Converters and inverters 15

Test - I 2

III Speed control of machines 15

Test - II 2

IV Control systems 15

V Regulated power supplies 15

Test - III 2
----------
Total 80
=====

OBJECTIVES

UNIT – I
1.1.0. Power control devices
1.1.1. Study the symbols operation of diac, triac and IGBT
1.1.2. Study constructional feature of thyristor
1.1.3. Understand its transistor analogy
1.1.4. Study the characteristics
1.1.5. Understand the terms, holding current, latching current gate, triggering current,
turn on time and turn off time
1.1.6. Study different methods of turning on of SCR resistance triggering, voltage
triggering, dv/dt triggering and gate triggering
1.1.7. Study natural commutation, forced commutation and gate turn off method to turn
off SCR
1.1.8. Study phase control with wave forms in half and full wave control circuit
1.1.9. Study the single phase half wave, full wave and bridge converters
1.1.10. Study 3 phase bridge connector operation
110

UNIT – II

2.1.0 Understand converters and inverters in Industrial applications

2.1.1. Study the D.C chopper principle


2.1.2. Study the chopper control techniques
2.1.3. Know variable frequency and frequency control
2.1.4. Study types of cycles converters
2.1.5. Know the principle of operation with wave forms
2.1.6. List the requirements of inverters
2.1.7. Study the single phase series inverters
2.1.8. Study the single phase parallel inverter
2.1.9. Study the 3 phase forced commuted bridge inverter

UNIT – III

31.0. Speed control of machines


3.1.1. Study the speed control of DC series motor using diac & SCR
3.1.2. Study the chopper control unit wave forms
3.1.3. Study the speed control by controlling armature voltage using SCR and diac
3.1.4. List the various methods of speed control of A.C induction motors
3.1.5. Study the speed control by starter voltage control methods
3.1.6. Study the variable voltage frequency control method
3.1.7. Study speed control of slip inductor motor by chopper control (Rotor on – off
control)
UNIT – IV

4.1.0. Control systems


4.1.1. Laplace transforms
4.1.2. Know the open loop and closed loop system
4.1.3. Study basic control systems
4.1.4. Understand the servo mechanism
4.1.5. Study positioning servo system using control synchros
4.1.6. Study the operation of a synchronous control system for remote indication
4.1.7. Study the closed loop control system for 3 phase induction motors
4.1.8. Study the phase locked loop (PLL) control of a dc motor and its applications

UNIT-V

5.1.0 Understand the principle of Regulated power supplies

5.1.1 Study Zener diode voltage regulator and regulators


5.1.2 Study the transistorized series and shunt voltage regulator
5.1.3 Study the op – amp voltage regulator using 741 IC
5.1.4 Study the three terminal fixed voltage regulator using 340 series IC’s
5.1.5 Study the servo stabilizer for a.c
5.1.6 Study the SMPS
5.1.7 Compare linear power supply and SMPS
5.1.8 Study U.P.S
111

5.1.9 Study buck converter (step down) and boost – converter (Stop up)
5.1.10 Study operation of buck boost converter (regulator) and compare them
5.1.11 Study the basic of timer circuit
5.1.12 Know about the 555 IC timer
5.1.13 Study the working of 555 timer in monostable mode and a-stable mode

CONTENT DETAILS

UNIT - I

Power Devices

Symbols, operations and characteristics of diac, triac, IGBT


SCR – constructional features – operation – transistor analogy – characteristics –
specifications – holding current – latching current – gate current - turn on time – turn off
time
Different methods of turn on – different methods of turning off - SCR – snubber circuits
SCR applications in power control – phase control unit, wave forms – half and full control circuit
– converters – simple phase converter – half wave, full wave bridge – wave form – 3 phase bridge
converter

UNIT - II

Converters and inverters in Industrial Applications

DC chopper circuits: - Principles of operation - control of chopping periods – variable frequency


control – constant frequency control – cyclo converter – principle of operation with wave forms

Inverters: - Requirements of practical inverters - single phase series inverter – parallel inverters -
three phase inverter – circuit and their operations

UNIT - III

Speed control of machines


DC motor control: - Series motor – speed control using diac and SCR – chopper control- wave
form - shunt motor - Armature voltage control using SCR and diac
Induction motor control:- methods of speed control of A.C induction motors- Stator voltage
control-
speed control by starter voltage control methods-variable voltage frequency control method-speed
control of slip inductor motor by chopper control (Rotor on – off control)

UNIT - IV

Control systems
Laplace transforms-first and second order.
–Basic control system – open loop closed loop systems servo mechanism – positioning servo
system using synchros – synchronous control system for remote application - phase locked loop
(PLL) - control of a DC motor – applications
112

UNIT - V

Regulated Power Supplies

Regulation – simple regulator circuit using zener – regulators using 78 xx and 79 xx IC’s – Series
voltage – shunt voltage regulators – op amp regulator LM 317 – A.C voltage stabilizer – step type
and servo stabilizer for a.c – switching mode power supply – UPS – Integrated circuit power
supply – Timer- basic principle - working of 555 timer

REFERENCE

1. Industrial electronics and control - Biswanath Paul


2. Industrial electronics - G.K Mithal
3. Power Electronics - Bimbra
4. Power Electronics - Hari babu
113

SUBJECT TITLE : DESIGN, ESTMATING AND COSTING


SUBJECT CODE : EE 504
PERIODS/WEEK : 6
PERIODS/SEMESTER : 80

TIME SCHEDULE

UNIT TOPIC PERIODS

I Domestic wiring 15
II Design of Illumination Scheme and Flood Lighting 15
Test - I 2
III Industrial Wiring and Estimation 15
IV Estimation of Low Tension and Line Extensions 15
Test - II 2
V Estimation of Sub-station 15

Test - III 1
-----------
Total 80
======

OBJECTIVES

UNIT – I

1.1.0 Prepare the estimate and cost of materials in Domestic Wiring

1.1.1 Define estimate


1.1.2 Give the essential elements of wiring
1.1.3 Study different types of wires and wiring systems in use
1.1.4 Know the specification of cables as per IS codes
1.1.5 Understand general I.E rules regarding internal wiring
1.1.6 Calculate the conductor size and understand the consideration which determines
the size
1.1.7 Study the current ratings of copper cables (chart)
1.1.8 Study different types of switches, holders etc used for wiring
1.1.9 Define – Circuit and sub circuit
1.1.10 Determination of sub circuit
1.1.11 Draw the layout, wiring diagram and prepare the estimate and cost of materials
used for internal wiring of different buildings in surface and concealed conduit
system
114

UNIT – II

2.1.0 Know the concepts of illumination

2.1.1 Define terms – illumination flux, luminous intensity, illumination luminous, and
their unit
2.1.2 Study laws of illumination
2.1.3 Study various lighting schemes – Direct, indirect, semi direct and semi indirect.
2.1.4 Understand illumination levels required at various places as per I.S.
2.1.5 Study terms used for design of lighting schemes - Space to Height ratio,
Depreciation Factor, Maintenance Factor and Utilization Factor
2.1.6 Study different methods of lighting calculation watt per square meter method and
lumen method
2.1.7 Determine no. of lamps required to illuminate various types rooms, halls etc and
draw the lighting arrangements
2.1.8 Explain the principles of diagram of sodium (high pressure and low pressure)
vapor lamps
2.1.9 Draw the diagram of Mercury vapor lamp, neon lamp and fluorescent lamps
2.1.10 Study the working and applications of each
2.1.11 Design and estimate for lighting schemes in various places

UNIT – III

3.1.0 Draw and estimate Power Circuit Wiring

3.1.1 Study earthing and its purpose


3.1.2 Know various types of earthing
3.1.3 Study IE rules regarding earthing systems
3.1.4 Prepare the estimate and cost of materials used for a standard pipe and plate earthing
3.1.5 Understand IE rules regarding power wiring circuits
3.1.6 Prepare estimate of materials and cost for wiring domestic pump set, irrigation pump set
etc working in single phase and 3 phase supplies
3.1.7 Prepare estimate and cost of materials for the control panel and wiring small workshop
with the given capacity of machines
3.1.8 Prepare estimate and cost of materials required for giving 1 phase service connection
with out extension of Overhead lines
3.1.9 Prepare estimate and cost of materials for 3 phase service connection from the existing
lines
3.1.10 Prepare the estimate and cost of materials used for 1 phase and 3 phase service
connection using Underground cables

UNIT – IV

4.1.0 Design Overhead Lines

4.1.1 Study various materials used for distribution lines


4.1.2 Prepare estimate and cost of materials for extending single phase distribution line
4.1.3 Prepare estimate and cost of materials for extending 3 Phase distribution line
4.1.4 Prepare estimate and cost of materials for street lighting using Overhead and
Underground cables
115

4.1.5 Prepare estimate and cost of materials for extending an existing 11 kV Overhead
line

UNIT – V
5.1.0 Estimation of Substations

5.1.1. Study various components of pole materials and substation and their costs
5.1.2. Study IE rules regarding spacing clearance etc
5.1.3.Prepare the estimate and cost of the materials for erecting a 2 pole mounted distribution
substation
5.1.4. Prepare the estimate and cost of the materials for a 4 pole mounted substation
5.1.5. Prepare the estimate and cost of the materials for a plinth mounted substation
5.1.6. Design an electric installation scheme and draw the electrical schematic diagram, for the
given connected loads, of a factory, with suitable transformer and standby generator .

CONTENT DETAILS

UNIT - I

Domestic Wiring

Introduction – define estimate – essential elements - calculation of conductor size – current


ratings of copper and Aluminium cables - simple core- wiring accessories – circuit – sub circuit -
general rules regarding internal wiring – preparation of layout, wiring, diagram and estimates for
house, office buildings, schools, cinema theatre etc

UNIT - II

Design of illumination and flood lighting.

Define terms used in illumination – laws of illumination - various lighting schemes – illumination
levels for various places – Space Height ratio – Utilization Factor - Depreciation Factor,
Maintenance Factor – Design of lighting schemes for various rooms – arrangement of lamps –
design of flood lighting scheme
Types of lamps – incandescent lamps --Gas filled lamps – advantages over vacuum lamps – types
of gases used – Arc lamps – principle and uses - Halogen lamps – CFL working and uses -
Discharge lamps –sodium lamps – Mercury vapor lamps (High pressure and low pressure types)
Neon lamps – Fluorescent lamps and the field of application of each
Design and estimate for lighting schemes in various places

UNIT - III

Industrial wiring and estimation


Earthing – purpose- rules regarding earthing as per IS – estimation of materials used for a
standard pipe earthing and plate earthing – costing
Rules regarding power circuit wiring – estimates and cost of materials regarding wiring pump set
in single phase and 3 phase systems – estimation and costing of control panel & wiring of small
workshops – estimation and costing of service connection (single phase and 3 phase systems) –
wiring using Underground cables and Overhead lines
116

UNIT - IV

Overhead Lines

Extension of Overhead lines – Prepare estimate and cost for extending single phase Low tension
distribution lines – 3 phase distribution lines – street lighting using O.H lines – U.G cables –
Estimate and costing of 11 KV O.H line extension.

UNIT - V

Estimation of Substations

Estimation of sub station – IE rules regarding spacing of conductor - distance from building etc –
materials used for erecting 11 KV substation – Preparation of the distribution sub station – 4 pole
mounted sub station – plinth mounted sub stations

Define installation scheme for a large industry - Prepare Schematic diagram for a given load

Design of ratings of back-up fuse, ACBS, MCCB, bus bar, cables, capacitor banks, generator,
change over mechanism, transformer etc as per rules

REFERENCE BOOKS

1) Electrical estimating and costing-S.Ekambaran & Alagappan.


2) Electrical estimating and costing - Sujith singh
3) Electrical estimating and costing - M.L. Gupta
4) Technical hand book of KSEB engineers associate
5) Electrical Engg. Data from electrical inspectorate
117

SUBJECT TITLE : CAD LAB-1


SUBJECT CODE : EE 505
PERIODS/WEEK :3
PERIODS/SEMESTER : 48

TIME SCHEDULE

UNIT TOPIC PERIODS

I Basic commands 6

I Substation Layouts 12
Test 1
II DC Machine Windings 12
Test 1
III D.C Machines 15
Test 1
----------
Total 48
=====

CONTENT DETAILS

DRAFTING USING ACAD:

UNIT-I. Introduction to Computer Aided Drafting

1. Drawing using CAD


2. Advantages of using CAD
3. Three dimensional geometry
4. Solid modeling
5. CAD systems components
- Computer hard ware and soft ware
- Functions of a computer
- CAD work station
- Application of CAD

6. Development of Auto CAD system requirements


7. Drafting by Auto CAD
8. Programme operations
9. Auto CAD basics – start up dialog box- use a template – open a drawing –accessing
118

10. Commands – DATA entry

11. Settings limits


12. Drawing lines
13. Using grid and snap
14. Saving work
15. Drawing simple shapes – rectangle, circle, arc, etc
16. Exit and quit commands
17. Editing drawings using various modified commands
18. Add dimensions and texts on drawing

UNIT – II: SYMBOLS & SUB STATION LAYOUTS

1. Symbols used in Electrical and Electronic installations


2. Layout of 11 KV substations (indoor & outdoor)
3. Layout of 33 KV substations
4. Layout of 66 KV substations
5. Layout of 110 KV substations
6. Layout of 220 KV substations

UNIT – III DC ARMATURE WINDINGS

1. D.C single layer lap winding


2. D.C double layer lap winding
3. D.C single layer wave winding
4. D.C double layer wave winding
5. D.C winding with equalizer connections

UNIT – IV: DC MACHINES

1. Assumed half sectional views of DC machines (Both end view & Elevation)

REFERENCE BOOKS
1. An introduction to Auto CAD -Dayanithi(NITTTR)
2. Auto CAD -S.Vishal
3. Electrical Drawing - P.O.Kuttappan
4. Electrical drawing - Dargon
5. Electrical Design & Drawings - Surjit Singh
119

SUBJECT TITLE : INDUSTRIAL ELECTRONICS & PLC LAB


SUBJECT CODE : EE 506
PERIODS/WEEK : 3
PERIODS/SEMESTER : 48

Experiments:

1. Study of Power devices – power BJT, SCR, power MOSFET, IGBT etc.
2. Characteristics of SCR and Triac
3. Characteristics of power MOSFET
4. Triggering circuits for SCRs – R, RC and UJT triggering
5. Single phase fully controlled SCR bridge circuit – R load, RL load – effect of free
wheeling diode.
6. Triggering circuits for SCR chopper
7. Triac triggering
8. Speed control DC motor using SCR
9. Study of V/F control of induction motor.
10. AC controller using Triac
11. Study of UPS
12. Study of SMPS.

PLC Programming

13 Study of PLC
14. Writing Direct On Line (DOL) starter program, compile it, download it to the PLC and
executing the program by giving physical inputs
15 Stair case light
16 Star-delta starter for 3 phase induction motor
17 Starting of two speed, 3 phase motor using pole change method
18 Starting of 3 phase slip ring motor – step by step switching of resistance connected in rotor
circuit
19 Dynamic or DC, injection braking circuit for squirrel cage 3 phase induction motor
20 Plugging or reverse current braking of 3 phase squirrel cage induction motor
21. Counting pulses from a source and check for the pre determined value
22. Writing sample programs using jump
23. Writing sample programs using subroutine
24. Water level controller
25. Traffic light control
26. Conveyor control
27. Lift control
120

SUBJECT TITLE : ELECTRICAL MAINTENANCE LAB


SUBJECT CODE : EE 507
PERIOD/WEEK : 3
PERIODS/SEMESTER: 48

TOPICS

1 Troubleshooting of fan
2 Trouble shooting of grinder
3 Trouble shooting of electric ion
4 Trouble shooting of mixie
5 Trouble shooting of refrigerator
6 Trouble shooting of washing machine
7 Trouble shoot the AC & DC motors
8 Trouble shoot the different types of starters
9 Trouble shoot the transformers
10 Trouble shoot the UPS
11 Overhauling of DC Machines
12 Overhauling of AC Machines
13 Rewinding of Fan motors, mixie etc.
14 Trouble shoot transformers, starters etc.
15 Panel board wiring
16 Armature testing using growler
121

SUBJECTS OF STUDY AND SCHEME OF EVALUATION

SEMESTER VI

Periods Per Week Evaluation (Marks)


Code Subject Practical/
Theory Total Theory Practical Internal Total
Tutorial
Industrial Management
GE601 5 1 6 75 25 100
& Enterprenureship

EE601 AC Machines-2 5 1 6 75 25 100

Utilization of Electrical
EE602 5 1 6 75 25 100
Power
Renewable sources of
EE603 5 5 75 25 100
energy

EE604 CAD Lab-2 3 3 75 25 100

EE605 AC Machines Lab 3 3 75 25 100

Project & 4 4 50 25
100
EE606
Seminar* 2 2 25

TOTAL 20 15 35 300 200 200 700

• *Project work will be evaluated at the end of sixth semester


• * Two hours to be allotted per week for seminar and 25 marks given for
internal evaluation.
@Two week of industrial interaction/training should be given to students
122

SUBJECT TITLE : INDUSTRIAL M ANAGEM ENT &


ENTREP RENEURSH IP
SUBJECT CODE : GE 601 (COMMON TO ALL)
PERIODS/WEEK : 6
PERIODS/ SEMESTER : 80

TIME SHEDULE

UNIT TOPIC PERIODS

I 1.1 Principles of Management 10


1.2 Human Resource Management 5

II 2.1 Quality Planning and Control 5


2.2 ISO-9000 & Installation 5
2.3 TQM and Organizational Excellence 5

Test – I 2

III 3.1 Project Management PERT / CPM 6


3.2 Marketing & Sales 2
3.3 Wages & Incentives 4
3.4 Material Requirement Planning (MRP) 3

IV 4.2 Operations Research and Applications 10


4.3 Management by Objectives (MBO) 3
4.4 Management Information System (MIS) 2

Test – II 2

V 5.1 Industrial Psychology 3


5.2 Entrepreneurship Development 4
5.3 Industrial Safety 4
5.4 Environmental Pollution & Control 4

Test – III 1
----------
Total 80
=====
123

OBJECTIVES

UNIT – I

1.1.0 Understand the Principle of Management


1.1.1 Explain the meaning and concepts of management
1.1.2 Outline the characteristics of management
1.1.3 Illustrate the development of management theory
1.1.4 Illustrate the Taylor’s scientific management and contributions
1.1.5 Illustrate Henry Fayol’s principles of management
1.1.6 Compare the contributions of Taylor and Fayol
1.1.7 State the functions of management
1.1.8 Explain various administrative steps of each function
1.1.9 Describe different types of ownership
1.1.10 Explain different types of organization structure
1.1.11 Explain the concept of Leadership, Motivation & communication.

1.2.0 Appreciate the functions of Human Resource Management


1.2.1 Outline the importance of HRD
1.2.2 Explain the process of man power planning
1.2.3 Explain Job analysis, job evaluation, merit rating, performance appraisal
1.2.4 Training & Methods of Training

UNIT – II

2.1.0 Understand quality planning & control


2.1.1 Define quality
2.1.2 List the dimensions of quality
2.1.3 List the objectives of quality planning
2.1.4 Describe various quality control measures in brief
2.1.5 Explain quality assurance concept and definition
2.1.6 Describe in brief the Three Prong Approach to Quality Planning
2.1.7 Explain the need for quality management system
2.1.8 Draw quality loop

2.2.0 Understand the elements of ISO 9000, its Installation and audit
2.2.1 Describe the concept and role of ISO 9000
2.2.2 List the elements of ISO 9000
2.2.3 List the steps for installing quality system
2.2.4 Explain different ways of quality audit
2.2.5 Identify the agencies who give ISO certification
2.2.6 Discuss the role of accreditation board
2.2.7 Explain various stages of ISO 9000 implementation
2.2.8 Describe briefly the benefits of becoming an ISO 9000 company

2.3.0 Understand the concept of TQM and Organizational Excellence


2.3.1 Explain the concept of TQM
124

2.3.2 Outline the ten “Manthras” of TQM


2.3.3 Discuss in brief the link between ISO 9000 and TQM with the help of TQM
model
2.3.4 Draw the organizational structure of TQM
2.3.5 Explain the different techniques of TQM
2.3.6 Discuss the concepts and characteristics of Quality Circle
2.3.7 Discuss the brain storming technique used in quality circle for arriving at
solutions
2.3.8 Explain the organizational excellence by TQM approach and through
“SWOT” analysis
2.3.9 Write mission statement

UNIT – III

3.1.0 Apply the principles of CPM & PERT


3.1.1 Outline the network technique
3.1.2 List different applications of CPM & PERT
3.1.3 Out line scope of PERT & CPM
3.1.4 Define the terms used in CPM & PERT
3.1.5 Explain the procedure for finding the critical path
3.1.6 Compute the project duration,slack and critical path by using AON &AOA
3.1.7 Distinguisah between CPM & PERT
3.1.8 Defind the terms used in PERT
3.1.9 Explain the procedure for pert
3.1.10 Estimate activity time
3.1.11 Compute the project duration slack and mark the critical path
3.1.12 Solve the problems in PERT & CPM

3.2.0 Understand various steps in Marketing & Sales planning


3.2.1 Define marketing
3.2.2 List the objectives of marketing
3.2.3 Outline the core marketing concepts with the help of block diagrams
3.2.4 Discuss in brief the marketing mix, buying process and behaviour
3.2.5 Outline the importance of sales of products and services
3.2.6 List the functions of sales department
3.2.7 Explain the steps in market planning, market segmentation
3.2.8 Discuss the importance and functions of sales management
3.2.9 Discuss sales planning
3.2.10 Explain the market research and market information system

3.3.0 Understand the Principles of a good Wage Payment System


3.3.1 Outline the importance of a good wage plan
3.3.2 Define the different types of wages
3.3.3 List the requirements of a good wage plan
3.3.4 Define Incentives
3.3.5 Identify financial, non financial and semi financial incentives
3.3.6 Discuss different types of financial incentives plan
3.3.7 Compute the wages under different incentive plans with examples
125

3.3.8 Understand the concept of MRP


3.3.9 Understand the application of MRP

UNIT – IV

4.1.0 Understand various methods in Operations Research and its application


4.1.1 Outline the concept of optimization
4.1.2 Outline the scope of O.R
4.1.3 List the phases and processes of O.R
4.1.4 List the different methods of O.R.
4.1.5 Explain Linear programming graphical method & analytical method
4.1.6 Compute maximization of profit by linear programming - graphical method and
analytical method (simple problems only)
4.1.7 Compute minimization of total cost by Linear programming - graphical method
and analytical method (simple problems only)
4.1.8 Explain the transportation problem
4.1.9 Compute the initial feasible solution by north west corner rule and Vogel
approximation method (simple problems only)
4.1.10 Explain the game theory
4.1.11 Compute the saddle point of the game two – person – zero sum using maximize
and minimize principle (simple problems only)
4.1.12 Explain the queuing theory
4.1.13 List information required for formulating a mathematical model

4.2.0 Understand the concept of Management By Objective (MBO)


4.2.1 Outline the nature and purpose of MBO
4.2.2 Identify sequential MBO processes
4.2.3 List the merits and demerits of MBO
4.2.4 List the steps required for MBO
4.3.5 List the guidelines for setting objectives for MBO

4.3.0 Appreciate Management Information System (MIS)


4.3.1 Define MIS
4.3.2 Distinguish between data and information, data processing & MIS
4.3.3 State the need for information
4.3.4 Discuss the systems concept of management
4.3.5 Discuss a firm and its environment
4.3.6 List the objectives and inputs of an effective MIS
4.3.7 Explain the integrated MIS
4.3.8 List major functional and activity subsystems in MIS
4.3.9 Describe MIS development (system development) with the help of a line diagram
4.4.10 List applications of MIS
126

UNIT – V

5.1.0 Justify the concept of Industrial Psychology


5.1.1 Describe the meaning of Industrial Psychology
5.1.2 Outline the importance of good working conditions and environment
5.1.3 Explain the concept of Behavioural dynamics
5.1.4 Distinguish the interpersonal behaviour and interpersonal needs
5.1.5 Discuss the development of interpersonal relationship
5.1.6 Describe the development of better qualities (personality traits)

5.2.0 Formulate the feasible project report to start a small scale industry
5.2.1 Explain the concept of entrepreneurship
5.2.2 Describe the profile of an entrepreneur
5.2.3 List the functions of an entrepreneur
5.2.4 List the risk taking qualities of an entrepreneur
5.2.5 Explain the concept of entrepreneurial development
5.2.6 List the different factors
contributing to the failure of entrepreneurial ventures
5.2.7 Identify industrial support needed programs existing in India
5.2.8 State the concept of small scale and ancillary industrial undertaking
5.2.9 List the steps involved in starting small-scale industry
5.2.10 Describe the procedure of registration of SSI
5.2.11 Identify the net work of financial assistances given to SSI
5.2.12 Identify the different constituents of feasibility study
5.2.13 Prepare the feasibility report / project report

5.3.0 Recognize the features of Industrial Safety


5.3.1 Explain the importance and need for safety measures in industries
5.3.2 Define the meaning of the term – factory, accident, frequency rate, security rate,
accident pronnes, unsafe acts, unsafe conditions, job safety analysis, plant safety
inspections
5.3.3 Identify the various accident factors, mechanical factors, environmental factors,
personal factors
5.3.4 Discuss the 4 E’s of accident prevention technique
5.3.5 List the precautions to be observed while working in an hazardous environment
5.3.6 Explain briefly the artificial respiration methods

5.4.0 Recognize the causes of environmental pollution and steps to be taken to control
the pollution
5.4.1 Define the terms Ecology and Ecosystem
5.4.2 Explain the impact of industrial development on environment
5.4.3 Explain the causes and
effects of air and water pollution on plant, animal life and materials
5.4.4 Identify the characteristics of industrial and municipal waste
5.4.5 Outline the various treatment processes
5.4.6 Identify the sources of air pollutants
5.4.7 State the effects of air pollution
5.4.8 Outline the methods of prevention and control of air pollution
127

5.4.9 Explain the term solid waste management


5.4.10 List the salient features of environmental pollution control legislation
5.4.11 State the functions of pollution control board
5.4.12 Define NOISE
5.4.13 Identify the causes of noise pollution
5.4.14 Explain the various methods of noise control

CONTENT DETAILS

UNIT – 1

1. Principles of management
Introduction – meaning of management: - Management as an art of getting things done,
management as a process, management as an activity

Management and administration – Development of management theory: - Taylor’s scientific


management, contributions of F.W. Taylor, Henry Fayols principles of management (Brief
description), compare F.W. Taylor & Henry Fayol’s contributions
Functions of management: -
a) Planning: - concept, steps in planning
b) Organizing: - concept and process steps, steps in organizing
c) Staffing: - concept, list functions of staffing
d) Directing: - concept, list the elements of directing
e) Controlling: - Concept, list the steps in controlling process
f) Decision making: - concept, steps in decision making, scientific approach to decision
making
Different types of ownership: - Sole proprietorship, partnership, private Ltd., company,
public Ltd., company, co-operative society (brief description only)
Organizational structure: - Definition of organization, different types of organizational
structure: - line, functional, line & staff organization (brief description with advantages &
disadvantages)
Leader ship - Define leadership, different types of leadership, qualities of a good leader
Motivation - characteristic of motivation,importance,Marlow s need hierarchy theory,
Techniques of motivation
Communication – Types of communication, Barriers in communication.

2. Human Resource Management

Concept of HR Management – Development of HR Management – Componanents of HRD – Job


analysis – Job description – Job speciation
Manpower planning – Requirements of manpower planning – Factors affecting the manpower
planning – Job evaluation – Steps required for job evaluation – Methods for job evaluation –
Merit rating – objectives and methods – performance appraisal.
Training – Importance of training – Methods of training – advantages of training (Brief
description only)
128

UNIT - II

1. Quality Planning and Control


Definitions of quality, Requirements of quality, list objectives of quality planning – quality
control: - operator’s quality control, inspectors quality control, Mangers quality control, total
quality control.
Quality Assurance: - Concept, definition, responsibility of quality assurance department,
planning for quality assurance – three prong approach to quality planning: - (1) Product
planning (2) Managerial & Operational planning (3) Documentation. Quality management
system, quality loop.

2.ISO 9000 & Installation


Concept and role of ISO 9000, what is ISO 9000, whom does it help, elements of ISO 9000,
steps for installation of quality system - preparatory step, implementation step, registration &
certification step. Quality Audit - objectives, types off audits: - Adequacy audit, compliance
audit, system audit, product audit, first party audit, second party audit, third party audit. Steps
required to apply for ISO – 9000 Registration. Benefits of becoming an ISO 9000 company.

3. Understand the concept of TQM and Organizational Excellence


Concept, ten mantras of TQM, the link between ISO 9000 and TQM with the help of
TQM Model – organization of TQM. Techniques of TQM - PDCA, Total Employee
Inolvement (TEI), POKA – YOKA – Failure proofing, JIT manufacturing.
Quality Circles - concept, characteristics, Brain storming method for solving Q.C.
Problems. Organizational excellence through TQM - List the strength, weakness,
opportunity and threat (SWOT analysis) of an organization by an example and analyse
the current status – mission statement.

UNIT – III

1. Management Techniques – CPM & PERT


Introduction to Network analysis, application of CPM & PERT, scope of CPM & PERT
commonly used terms in CPM: - Operation, pre-operation, post operation, concurrent
operation, earliest finish time EFT), latest finish time (LFT), Critical activities, critical path,
EVENT, SLACK or FLOAT, Dummy activity, - procedure for CPM, problems on CPM,
projects duration, slack, mark critical path (by AOA and AON method).
PERT - comparison between CPM & PERT, procedure for PERT, Estimation of activity
time, commonly used terms in PERT, Event, Activity, successor Event, Predecessor event,
Earliest Expected Time, Latest allowable time, slack – problems in PERT.

2. Marketing & Sales


Marketing - introduction, definitions, objectives, core concepts: - block diagram, distinguish
between marketing and sales, marketing MIX. Buying process & behaviour of consumer,
steps in market planning – market segmentation
Sales - importance of sales, functions of sales management, market research, market
information system.
129

Fore casting related to marketing and sales

3. The Principles of a good wage payment system


Importance of good wage plan, types of wages - nominal, real, living, fair, minimum
wages – requirement of a good wage payment system.
Incentives - definitions, types of incentive plan for direct workers - non financial and
semi financial incentives – financial incentive plans - straight piece rate system, straight
piece rate with guaranteed minimum wage, differential piece rate system, Halsey plan,
Rowan plan, Gantt (simple illustrative problems)

4. Material requirement planning (MRP)


MRP objectives & functions – Terminology – MRP systems – MRP outputs –
Management information from MRP – Lot sizing considerations – Examples –
applications – introduction to MRP – II - Just in time (JIT). (Brief description only)

UNIT – IV

1. Operations Research & Application


Concepts of OR, scope of OR, phases and process of OR, methods of OR -
1. Linear programming: - a) graphical & analytical method b) transportation
method: - North west corner rule, Vogel approximation method
2. Waiting line or Queuing theory
3. Game theory
Linear programming: - concepts, formulation of LPP, Do problems on maximization of
profit, minimum of total cost (by graphical & analytical method)
Transportation problem: - meaning, compute the initial feasible solution by northwest corner
rule & Vogel approximation method (simple problems)
Game theory: - concept, two-persons zero sum game, the maxi-min- mini-max principle –
optimal strategy, saddle point, example problems to compute saddle point – waiting line or
queuing theory - concept, the information required for formulating a mathematical model
(simple problems)

3. Management by objectives (MBO)


Concepts & definition, contents of MBO, sequence of MBO process with block
diagram, steps required for MBO, guidelines for setting objectives

4. Management Information Systems (MIS)


Definition of MIS, Data, Information, management, systems concepts of management, a firm
and its environment, objectives, contents of MIS, need for information, integrated MIS,
functional and activity subsystems, MIS development - line diagram, application of MIS -
inventory management, Human resource management, personal decision making.
130

UNIT – V

1. Industrial Psychology
Meaning, importance of good working conditions and environment: - physical working
conditions, psychological working conditions, working conditions related to time, related
to social situation. Behavioural dynamics: - self concept and self understanding, inter
personal needs, developing interpersonal relationship: - framing fint impression,
developing mutual expectations, hounouring psychological contracts, developing trust &
influence, projecting positive qualities and hiding negative points – developing better
behaviour and qualities a TQM approach: - conducting ‘SWOT’ analysis for self
understanding, prepare incremental projects to reduce weakness and threats - mission
statement

2. Small Scale Industries – Entrepreneur


List steps required to start small scale industry, procedure for registration (provisional
and permanent registration) – sources of financial assistance, govt., assistance for
development of SSI, preparation of project report, Tax: - an overview of income tax –
excise duty, sales tax – procedure to be followed for sales tax

3. Industrial Safety
Define Accident, Frequency rate, severity rate, and accident proneness.
List the causes of accidents: - Mechanical, Environmental, personnel factors accident
prevention techniques – 4 E’S of Accident prevention technique

4. Environmental Pollution and control


Ecology and Eco system
Impact of industrial development on environment
Causes and effects of air and water pollution on plant, animal life and material
Characteristics of industrial and municipal waste
Treatment processes:- Primary, secondary and territory
Sources of air pollutants on human beings
Effects of air pollutants on human beings
Prevention and control of air pollution
Solid waste management
Environment pollution control legislation and functions of pollution control boards
Causes of noise pollution and its control

Special Instruction to Question Setters


1. All units should be given equal weightage of marks
2. Problems from wage plan, CPM-PERT, and O.R should be included in every question
paper in order to measure the application capability of students
131

REFERENCE BOOKS

1. Industrial Engineering & production management – Martand.T.Telsang S.chand &


company
2. Industrial Engineering & Management - O. P. Khanna
3. Operations Research - Premkumar Guptha, D.S. Hira
4. TQM - Productivity Council
5. ISO - Tapan.P.Bagachi
6. Entrepreneurship Development - Jagmer Singh Saihi
7.Industrial Management & Engineering Economics - Banga & Sharma
8. TQM - B. Senthil Arasu & J.Praveen Paul Scitcch Publications
9. Human resources management Mirza and saiyadam (Tata Magrhill publishers.)
132

SUBJECT TITLE : AC MACHINES-2


SUBJECT CODE : EE 601
PERIODS/WEEK : 6
PERIODS/SEMESTER : 80

TIME SCHEDULE

UNIT TOPIC PERIODS

I Synchronous Generator 15

II Characteristics and parallel operation of Alternator 15

Test – I 2

III Synchronous motor 15

Test-II 2

IV Single phase induction motor 15

V FHP Motors 15

Test - III 1

----------
Total 80
======

OBJECTIVES

UNIT – I
1.1.0. Know the Working of Synchronous Generator
1.1.1. Understand the constructional details of synchronous generator.
1.1.2. Name the materials used for various parts.
1.1.3. State the merits and demerits of salient pole and non-salient pole type of rotor
1.1.4. Sketch various parts of synchronous generator.
1.1.5. Understand various methods of excitation
1.1.6. Know the classification of 3 phase windings, winding terminology
133

1.1.7. Define chording factor and distribution factor and derive equations for the same.
1.1.8. Derive the e.m.f equation for alternator
1.1.9. Effects of harmonics on pitch and distribution factor
1.1.10. Solve problems and compute generated e.m.f.

UNIT – II

2.1.0. Characteristics and parallel operation of Alternator


2.1.1. Study the effect of load on alternator
2.1.2. Armature reaction
2.1.3. Study the effect of armature reactance and leakage reactance of alternators on
load
2.1.4. Draw the vector diagrams of alternator on load under different power factors
2.1.5. Define voltage regulation of alternators.
2.1.6. Compute voltage regulation by EMF, MMF, and ZPF methods
2.1.7. Understand the necessity of cooling of alternators.
2.1.8. Enlist the advantages and disadvantages of Hydrogen cooling over air cooling
2.1.9. Understand the necessity of parallel operation of alternators
2.1.10. Explain the synchronization of alternators with infinite busbars using
a) Bright lamp method b) Dark lamp method and c) Synchroscope method
b) Derive expression for synchronizing current, torque and power from the vector diagram
2.1.11. Study the sharing of kW and KVAR of common load between 2 machines
according to their ratings and change in power factors.
2.1.12. Understand the effects of excitation and variation of prime mover input on load
sharing
UNIT – III

3.1.0. synchronous motor


3.1.1. Understand the construction and principle of operation of synchronous motor
3.1.2. Explain the different methods of starting of synchronous motor
3.1.3. List the special characteristics and applications of synchronos motor
3.1.4. Draw the phase diagram of Synchronous motor on load
3.1.5. Draw the phase diagram of synchronous motor showing the effect of excitation
on armature and power factor.
3.1.6. Explain the procedures for obtaining V – curves
3.1.7. Describe the circumstances under which hunting develops
3.1.8. Suggest methods for preventing hunting
3.1.9. Understand the working of synchronous condenser.

UNIT – IV

4.1.0. single phase induction motor


Understand the Principle of Single Phase Induction Motor
4.1.1. State the double revolving field theory applied to single-phase induction motor
4.1.2. Explain the working principle of split phase, shaded pole, repulsion start motors
and their fields of application.
4.1.3. Describe the principle and construction of capacitor start capacitor run type motor
and their fields of application.
4.1.4. Study the equivalent circuit of induction motors(with and without core loss)
134

4.1.5. Torque-Speed characteristics of single phase induction motors


4.1.6. Constructional details & working of series motor
4.1.7. Constructional details & working of universal motors

UNIT – V

5.1.0. Understand the Principle of F.H.P Motors


5.1.1. Understand the principle of working of commutation, induction and Synchronous types
of F.H.P. motors
5.1.2. Enumerate the advantages and field of application of each type
5.1.3. Know the constructional features, working and applications of stepper motors
5.1.4. Study the constructional details, applications and advantages of permanent magnet
synchronous motors
5.1.5. Explain the features of synchronous motors
5.1.6. Know the construction of switched reluctance motor and a.c servo motor
5.1.7. List out the applications of switched reluctance motor and a.c servo motor
5.1.8. Know the constructional features and applications of printed circuit motors
5.1.9. understand the working and applications of hysteresis motor.

CONTENT DETAILS

UNIT-I

Synchronous Generator
Synchronous generator - Principles of a.c generator – single phase and three phase -
Constructional details of salient pole and turbo generators with sketches - Relationship between
speed, frequency and number of poles.
Methods of exciting the field - main and pilot exciter - static excitations
Armature windings - single layer and double layer types - Full pitched and short pitched
windings - fractional Slot windings – pitch factor and distribution factor
Methods of obtaining sinusoidal waveform in generators - EMF equation on an A.C generator –
Problems

UNIT – II
Characteristics and parallel operation of Alternator
Armature reaction
Resistance and leakage reactance – Armature reactions under leading - lagging and unity power
factor loads - Synchronous reactance and synchronous impedance - Vector diagram of alternator
on load at lagging, leading and unity power factors.
Voltage regulation- definition - determination of regulation by EMF, MMF and ZPF methods -
Problems
Synchronizing of alternator to infinite bus bar conditions dark lamp - bright lamp and
synchroscope methods - Active and reactive power output - Effects of excitation - Effect of
variation of prime mover – input, output sharing –Power sharing- Problems- Cooling of
alternators
135

UNIT III

SYNCHRONOUS MOTORS

3 Phase synchronous motor – Principle of operation –Effect of excitation of armature current and
power factor - Power developed by a synchronous motor – Torques of synchronous motors-V
curves and inverted V curves - Synchronous condenser – use of synchronous motor – field of
applications- methods of starting- hunting – prevention of hunting by damper windings –related
problems.

UNIT –IV

Single phase Induction Motors

Single phase induction motors: - Principle of operation - Revolving double field theory –
split phase-equivalent circuit-torque equation- Torque-Speed characteristics of single
phase induction motors- shaded pole – repulsion – start - capacitor start - capacitor run
motor –series motor-universal motor- field of application of each type.

UNIT – V

F.H.P Motors

Fractional kW motors - classification based on principle of working – commutator, induction and


synchronous types – stepper motors – types of stepper motors – variable reluctance stepper
motors – permanent magnetic stepper motor- hybrid stepper motor – multi stack VR stepper
motor – constructional features – working – advantage – disadvantage and applications
Permanent magnet synchronous motors – Construction advantages and applications
Printed circuit motors-hysteresis motor
Self – synchronizing reactors – synchronous – type of synchronous – constructional features and
applications switched reluctance motor – construction working advantages & disadvantages –
applications – construction and applications, Principles of AC servomotors

REFERENCE BOOKS

1. A Textbook of Electrical Technology - B L Theraja & A.K. Theraja


2. A Text book of Electrical Technology -B.L.Theraja
3. Performance of electrical machines - J.B.Gupta
4. Electrical Machines -Deepa
5. Synchronous, induction & special machines- Sheila C.Haran
136

SUBJECT TITLE : UTLISATION OF ELECTRIAL POWER


SUBJECT CODE : EE 602
PERIODS/WEEK : 6
PERIODS/SEMESTER : 80

TIME SCHEDULE

UNIT TOPIC PERIODS

I Electric heating 15

II Welding 15
Test – I 2

III Electrolysis & Electrical Drives 15

IV Traction & speed-time curves 15

Test - II 2

V Electrical Braking 15
Test - III 1

Total 80
======

OBJECTIVES

UNIT – I

1.1.0. Electric heating

1.1.1. Modes of heat transfer


1.1.2. State the advantages electric heating
1.1.3. List the requirements of good heating material
1.1.4. State the materials employed in heating
1.1.5. Design of heater element and problems thereon
1.1.6. Explain with sketches: a) Direct resistance heating b) Indirect resistance heating
1.1.7. State the Industrial application of the above heating
1.1.8. Explain the different types of electric arc furnaces giving sketch
1.1.9. a) Direct arc furnace b) Indirect arc furnace
1.1.10. Explain the application of direct and indirect arc furnaces in industry
137

1.1.11. Explain the principle of operations of induction furnaces with sketches (low and high
frequency, core type and core less types)
1.1.12. List the industrial applications of core type, core less type and high frequency type
furnaces
1.1.13. Explain the principle of dielectric heating
1.1.14. List the industrial applications of the dielectric heating
1.1.15. Solve simple numerical examples under given conditions

UNIT - II

2.1.0. Know the Types, Applications and Equipments of Electric Welding

2.1.1. State the different types of Electric Welding


2.1.2. Explain the principles and applications of a) Spot b) Seam c) butt welding
2.1.3. Explain the principle of arc welding with circuit diagram
2.1.4. List the conditions for successful welding
2.1.5. Explain the metal arc welding and carbon arc welding
2.1.6. Explain the characteristics of a welding generator
2.1.7. Explain with sketch the principle of operation of welding transformer used with a
reactance coil
2.1.8. Explain the different types of electrodes used for welding

UNIT - III

3.1.0. Electrolysis & Electrical Drives in Industry

3.1.1. Know the process of electrolysis


3.1.2. Understand the Faraday’s laws of electrolysis and solve simple problems
3.1.3. Know the field of applications of electrolysis
3.1.4. Explain the extraction of Zinc and aluminum
3.1.5. Know refining of metals
3.1.6. Understand the galvanizing and anodizing
3.1.7. State the advantage of Electric drives
3.1.8. List the factors governing the selection of motors
3.1.9. Classify the nature of electric supply as DC and AC
3.1.10. Classify the electric drives
3.1.11. State the advantages and disadvantages of these two types of drives
3.1.12. State the types of loads for which drives are necessary
3.1.13. Select the motors for the given load
3.1.14. Sketch the typical curves of various types of industrial loads
3.1.15. Select the suitable motors for the following industries
3.1.16. Steel mills ii) paper mills iii) cement industries
3.1.17. Explain the various processes and the motor used in the above industries
138

UNIT – IV

4.1.0. Traction & speed-time curves

4.1.1. Systems of traction


4.1.2. Advantages of traction system
4.1.3. State the importance of the speed time curves
4.1.4. State the each stage of the speed time curve with appropriate speeds used
4.1.5. Sketch the simplified speed time curves
4.1.6. Explain the practical importance of the above curves
4.1.7. Solve the simple problems using speed time curves
4.1.8. Explain the meaning of traction effort
4.1.9. Explain the term specific energy consumption
4.1.10. Derive the formula for energy output of drive axles in
i) Accelerations
ii) To overcome friction
iii) To overcome gradient
4.1.11. List the factors affecting specific energy consumption
4.1.12. Solve the simple problems on specific energy consumption under the given condition

UNIT – V

5.1.0. Electric Traction characteristics

5.1.1. State the important requirements of traction motor


5.1.2. Explain the suitability of different motors (A.C & D.C.) for traction
5.1.3. state the advantages of electric braking
5.1.4. Explain the different methods of electric braking
5.1.5. Discuss the methods of plugging of D.C shunt motor and series motor used in the traction
5.1.6. Solve simple problems on the above method
5.1.7. State the method of regenerate active braking of D.C shunt motor, D.C series motor and
3-phase induction motor
5.1.8. Explain the method of Rheostatic braking a.c shunt motor and series motor

CONTENT DETAILS

UNIT – I

Electric Heating

Electrical heating and welding – advantages and types of electric heating - properties of resistance
heating materials - design of heating element – simple problems. Resistance ovens- Methods of
temperature controls.

Induction heating - principle – factors affecting induction heating- induction furnace- core type
and core less type - high frequency eddy current heating- dielectric heating - equivalent circuit -
139

loss angle application of dielectric heating - Arc furnace – direct and indirect types – equivalent
circuit.-problems

UNIT – II

Electric Welding

Electric welding – types – resistance welding-spot welding- pre welding, seam welding and butt-
welding - Electric arc welding – electrical properties of negative resistance – Types of arc
welding – requirements of welding generators and transformers - Use of reactor for control of
welding current - Third brush and Bipolar welding generator – description-problems.

UNIT – III

Electrolysis & Electrical Drives in Industry

Electrolysis – Faraday’s laws of Electro types – problems – applications – extraction of Zinc and
Aluminum – Refining metals – Electroplating anodizing.-problems.
Mechanical features of electronic motor – frame size - relation between speed and frame size –
types of enclosures
Electric drives – classification of electric drives - group, individual and multi motor drives -
Matching the drive with load - Basic classes of duty- continuous - short time - intermittent
period’s duty
Selection of electric drives – steel mills, paper mills, cement mills, diagrams

UNIT - IV

Electric Traction and speed-time characteristics

Electric traction - system of electric traction - Direct electric traction - diesel electric traction -
Merits and demerits
Speed time curves for train movement – Simplified speed time curves - specific energy output on
level track - factors affecting specific energy consumption - Simple problems.

UNIT-V

Electrical braking

Traction motors - D.C. and A.C. motors – properties and characteristics - control of DC motors –
Series parallel control systems of electric traction - D.C. single and three phase systems of supply
- brief description.

Electric braking of traction motors – plugging - regenerative braking - Rheostat braking –


Principle and simple problems on braking

REFERENCE BOOKS
1 A Text Book of Electrical Technology, Vol. III – B.L. Theraja
2. Principles of Power System - V.K. Mehta
3. Utilisation of Electrical Energy - N.V.Surya Narayana
4.Electrical Power - Uppal
140

SUBJECT TITLE : RENEWABLE SOURCES OF ENERGY.


SUBJECT CODE : EE 603
PERIODS/WEEK : 5
PERIODS/SEMESTER : 75

TIME SCHEDULE

UNIT TOPIC PERIODS

I Renewable and non-renewable sources of energy 14

II Solar and wind energy 14

Test I 2

III Tidal, Ocean thermal & Biomas 14

IV Small Hydel projects and Fuel cells 14

Test II 2

V Energy management and Audit 14

Test III 1

Total 75

OBJECTIVES

UNIT I

1.1.0. Renewable and non-renewable sources of energy

1.1.1. Brief review of conventional sources of energy


1.1.2. Brief review of non conventional sources of energy
1.1.3. Green house effect and global warming
1.1.4. Description of solar thermal devices
1.1.5. Solar thermal power storage
1.1.6. MHD Generator (basics)
141

UNIT II

2.1.0. Solar energy


2.1.1. Description of photovoltaic effect
2.1.2. Electric characteristic of photovoltaic cells
2.1.3. Instruments for measurements for solar radiations
2.1.4. PV System for power generation
2.1.5. Applications of Solar energy devices
2.1.6. Advantages & disadvantages of PV Cells
2.2.0. Wind energy
2.2.1. Wind energy turbines (horizontal axis and vertical axis type)
2.2.2. Brief idea of conversion of wind energy to electrical energy
2.2.3. Power and energy from wind turbines
2.2.4. Applications of Wind energy devices

UNIT III

3.1.0. Tidal, Ocean thermal & Biomass


3.1.1. Concepts of ocean energy
3.1.2. Concepts of wave energy-physical principles
3.1.3. Wave energy technology- fixed devices and floating devices
3.1.4. Concepts of ocean thermal energy conversion
3.1.5. Understand the methods of power generation
3.1.6. Concepts of Tidal power
3.1.7. Study the basic principles of power generation
3.1.8. Concepts of extracting energy from biomass
3.1.9. Study the methods of biogas generation
3.1.10. Study the classification of biogas plants
3.1.11. Study the various applications of biogas plants

UNIT IV

4.1.0. Small Hydel projects and Fuel cells


4.1.1. Classification of micro , mini and small hydel projects
4.1.2. Selection of sites
4.1.3. Basic concepts and types of turbines
4.1.4. Applications of Small Hydel projects
4.1.5. Principle of operation of fuel cells(reference to hydrogen & oxygen)
4.1.6. Classification of fuel cells based on temperature
4.1.7. Types of fuel cells
4.1.8. Advantages and disadvantage of fuel cells
4.1.9. Conversion efficiency of fuel cells

UNIT V

5.1.0. Energy management and Audit


5.1.1. General principles
5.1.2. Energy management opportunities with lighting systems
142

5.1.3. Energy management opportunities with motors


5.1.4. Energy management opportunities with electric heating
5.1.5. Energy management opportunities with electrolysis
5.1.6. Load analysis
5.1.7. Basic concepts of energy audit
5.1.8. Case study

CONTENT DETAILS

UNIT I
Renewable and non-renewable sources of energy
Brief review of conventional sources of energy -Brief review of non conventional sources of
energy like solar, wind, ocean, geo thermal, biomass, chemical etc -Green house effect and
global warming-Description of solar thermal devices like furnaces cookers, stills water
heater, refrigerators etc-Solar thermal power storage
Generation of electric power from MHD Generator

UNIT II

Solar energy
Description of photovoltaic effect-shematic view of PV Cells-Electric characteristic of
photovoltaic cells-equivalent circuit of solar cell-Instruments for measurements for solar
radiations pyrheliometer and pyranometer-Basic PV System for power generation-
Applications of Solar energy devices-Advantages & disadvantages of PV.
Wind energy
Wind energy basics-Classifications-Wind energy turbines (horizontal axis and vertical axis
type)-Brief idea of conversion of wind energy to electrical energy- Power and energy from
wind turbines-Applications of Wind energy devices- site selection-block diagram of wind
energy system

UNIT III
Tidal, Ocean thermal & Biomass
Concepts of ocean energy-Concepts of wave energy-methods(open and closed cycles)-hybrid
cycles-physical principles-Wave energy technology- fixed devices and floating devices-
Concepts of ocean thermal energy conversion-Understand the methods of power generation-
Concepts of Tidal power-Study the basic principles of power generation
Concepts of extracting energy from biomass-Study the methods of biogas generation-Study
the classification of biogas plants-Study the various applications of biogas plants(brief study
only)

UNIT IV

Small Hydel projects and Fuel cells


Classification of micro , mini and small hydel projects-Selection of sites
Basic concepts and types of turbines-Applications of Small Hydel projects-Principle of
operation of fuel cells(reference to hydrogen & oxygen)-Classification of fuel cells based on
temperature-Types of fuel cells-Advantages and disadvantage of fuel cells-Conversion
efficiency of fuel cells
143

UNIT V
Energy management and Audit
General principles -Energy management opportunities with lighting systems
Energy management opportunities with motors-Energy management opportunities with
electric heating-Energy management opportunities with electrolysis-Load analysis
Basic concepts of energy audit-Case study

References:

1. Non conventional Energy sources -G.D.Rai


2.Energy technology-non conventional & conventional -S.Rao
3.National seminar report on energy management (1997),
IEEE transactions -Dr.B.S.Chandramohanan
4.Introduction to non conventional energy resources -Raja
5. Applied solar Energy- Meinel A B and Meinel MP, Addison Wesley Publications.
6. Renewable and Novel energy sources – SL Sah, MI Publications, New Delhi, 1995.
7.. Direct Energy Conversion – George Sutton – McGraw hill Publications.
144

SUBJECT TITLE : CAD LAB-2


SUBJECT CODE : EE 604
PERIODS/WEEK :3
PERIODS/SEMESTER : 48

DRAFT USING ACAD:

1. LT, HT, XLPE Cables


2. LT & HT Pin type insulators
3. Suspention type insulators
4. LT Poles and supports
5. Steel towers-66kV,110kV,220kV(single & double circuits)
6. Single phase- Lap & Wave winding
7. Three phase- Lap & Wave winding (single & double layer)
8. Three phase Concentric winding(bifurcated & unbifurcated)
9. Three phase mush winding
10. Single phase core typeTransformer(cross sectional views)
11. Three phase Transformers(cross sectional views)
12. Single phase shell typeTransformer(cross sectional views)
13. Assembled half sectional views of induction motor
a. Squirrel cage induction motor
b. Slip ring induction motor (end view and elevations)

REFERENCE BOOKS

1. Electrical Design & Drawings - Surjit Singh


2. Electrical Engineering drawing - K.L.Narang
3. Electrical Engineering drawing - P.O.Kuttappan
4. Electrical Engineering drawing - Bhattacharya
145

SUBJECT TITLE : AC MACHINES LAB


SUBJECT CODE : EE 605
PERIODS/WEEK :3
PERIODS/SEMESTER : 48

LIST OF EXPERIMENTS

1. Perform the polarity test and turns ratio test on a Single Phase Transformer
2. Study the measurement of armature resistance and determination of polarities of three
Phase armature windings.
3. Perform OC and SC Tests on Single Phase Transformer. Determine voltage regulation and
efficiency at various loads and power factors. Determine equivalent circuit and
maximum efficiency.
4. Conduct Load test on single phase transformer – Determine Efficiency and regulation.
5. Study the connection of single-phase transformers to form three phase banks in various
combinations of Star and delta connections and understand the precautions
6. Perform Open circuit and short circuit characteristics of an alternator and to determine the
voltage regulation by EMF method (Synchronous impedance method).
7. Conduct OC and SC test of an alternator and determine the voltage regulation by MMF
method.
8. Draw Zero power factor load characteristic and determine voltage regulation by potier
method
9. Perform Load test on alternator and determine efficiency and regulation.
10. Synchronize 3 Phase alternator with infinite bus bars by lamp method.
11. Conduct No load test on induction motor and separation of no load losses
12. Conduct No load and blocked rotor test and plot circle diagram and determine the
performance characteristics like slip, efficiency, torque and p.f. at various loads.
Determine the maximum output and maximum torque and equivalent circuit.
13. Conduct Load test on induction motor and determine the slip and efficiency.
14. Measure the slip of an induction motor using tachometer, galvanometer (Centre Zero
ammeter) and stroboscope.
15. Draw the V – curves of synchronous motor on load and no load inverted ‘V’ – curves.
16. Perform Load test on synchronous motor- and determine the efficiency.
146

SUBJECT TITLE : PROJECT WORK AND SEMINAR


SUBJECT CODE : EE 606
PERIODS/WEEK : 4+2=6
PERIODS/SEMESTER : 80

CONTENT DETAILS

Some of the suggested topics are given below. The students in a batch of 3 or 4 can choose a
topic and do the project depending upon the size or the volume of the topic. Each student has to
submit the Project Report individually and attend the viva –voce individually. Each batch should
submit a copy of the Project and Seminar Report to the Head of Section

Projects regarding

1. Rewinding of motors
2. Design and fabrication of transformers
3. Starters – Electronic and contactor type
4. S.C.R drives for ac and dc motors
5. S.C.R power control
6. Welding transformers
7. Spot welding machine
8. Electronic Energy meter
9. Electronic watt meter
10. Projects using Micro processors
11. Projects using Micro controllers
12. Projects using PLC
13. Working models of non conventional energy devices
14. Case study on energy management and auditing
15. Estimation of industrial electrification & rural schemes
16. Robotic and automated devices

SEMINAR

25 marks will be allotted as internal evaluation mark for seminar. Each student is
expected to make a presentation for a minimum of 30 minute in the class on a topic
related to the production/maintenance/renewable energy or on advanced topic in
Electrical /Electronics/Computer related subjects