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# Chapter Review Chapter 5

Objective Questions 1 A ray of light is incident on a plane mirror. If the mirror is then turned through an angle of 30, the reflected ray will be turned through A 15 B 30 C 60 D 90

If an incident light ray is perpendicular to the border between two mediums with different refractive indices, then A refraction does not occur B the refracted ray is parallel to the border between the mediums C total internal reflection takes place D the angle of incidence is equal to the angle of refraction The refractive index of perspex is 1.49. What is the speed of light in perspex? [The speed of light in a vacuum is 3.0 108 m s1.] A 3.18 108 m s1 B 2.01 108 m s1 C 1.59 108 m s1 D 1.08 108 m s1 In an experiment, it was found that the refractive index of paraffin oil relative to water is 1.07 and the refractive index of glass relative to paraffin oil is 1.09. What is the refractive index of glass relative to water? A 0.34 B 1.03 C 1.17 D 2.14 A coin is placed at the bottom of a basin of depth 9.0 cm. The basin is then filled with a liquid of refractive index n. If the image of the coin is displaced in depth by 6.0 cm, what is the value of n? A 1.15 B 3.00 C 2.40 D 3.60 A ray of light is incident on a thin convex lens as shown in the following diagram. In which of the directions labelled A, B, C, D, will the light ray emerge?

A lamp 6 cm high is placed 21 cm in front of a small hole in a pinhole camera. The distance from the hole to the screen is 7 cm. What is the size of the image on the screen? A 1 cm B 2 cm C 3 cm D 7 cm 3

9 The diagram shows the path of a light ray. What can you say about the mediums P and Q? A Medium P could be glass and medium Q could be water. B The density of medium Q is lower than that of medium P. C Medium P is less dense than medium Q. D Both mediums P and Q have the same refractive index. 4 Refraction of light occurs when light travels from a medium to another because A light does not travel in a straight line in some mediums B light has different brightness in different mediums C light will diverge in some mediums D the two mediums have different densities 10

One of the properties of a converging lens is its ability to focus light rays from infinity on a point. This principle is applied in the construction of a A slide projector B magnifying glass C electronic microscope D astronomical telescope

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Chapter Review 5

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In each of the following diagrams, two parallel rays of light enter the left-hand side of the box and leave the right-hand side. Which box contains the most powerful convex lens? A

C D 13

## I, III and IV only II, III and IV only

B 14 C

A rectangular glass block is placed in a vacuum and a light ray is incident on it at a particular angle. What is the critical angle of glass if the absolute refractive index of glass is 1.25? A 25 18 B 43 8 C 30 5 D 53 8 What is the linear magnification of a marble placed at a distance of 40.0 cm from a convex lens with a focal length of 8.0 cm? A 0.25 B 1.50 C 3.20 D 4.00 The following diagram shows the rays from an object passing through a converging lens. If F is the focal point and O is the centre of the lens, which of the rays labelled A, B, C and D is not drawn correctly?

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If an object is placed in front of a converging lens, at a distance which is less than the focal length of the lens, which of the following statements are true? I The image is upright II The image is smaller than the object III No image is formed on a screen placed on the other side of the lens IV The converging lens magnifies the object A I, II and III only B I, II and IV only

## Structured Questions 1 (a)

An illuminated object is placed in front of a lens as shown in the partially completed ray diagram above. A real image is produced. (i) Name the type of lens which must be used.
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(ii) Complete the ray diagram in order to show the position of the image.

Chapter Review 5

## (iii) State two properties of the image.

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## (iv) Give one use of this arrangement.

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(b)

(i)

The position of the bulb shown above is adjusted so that parallel rays emerge from the convex lens. At which location should the bulb be placed?
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(ii) The parallel rays from the lens are then allowed to pass through a glass block. Calculate the angle of incidence on the glass surface.

## (iii) Calculate the refractive index of the glass block.

(a) (i)

A swimming pool appears to be shallower than its actual depth as a result of a light phenomenon. Name the phenonmenon described.
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## (ii) Explain how this phenomenon takes place.

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Chapter Review 5

(b) The diagram shows the paths of two rays of light from a bright object at the bottom of a swimming pool to the surface.

(i)

Sketch the paths of the rays as they emerge from the water and travel towards the eye of an observer on the right-hand side of the pool. Indicate where the observer sees the image of the object. (ii) If the depth of the water is 2 metres, calculate the distance of the image of the object from the surface of the water. [Refractive index of water = 1.33.]

Essay Questions 1 (a) State the laws of reflection of light. (b) Describe a laboratory experiment you would carry out to establish the relationship between the angles of incidence and reflection of the rays of light incident on a plane mirror. (c) How does the reflection of a parallel beam of light by a sheet of white paper differ from that of a polished metal surface? Explain your answer. (d) (i) Rizal, 1.50 m tall, stands at a distance of 6.0 m from the pinhole of a pinhole camera. The distance of the film from the pinhole is 0.20 m. Find the length of the image of Rizal which is formed on the film. (ii) State two ways in which the appearance of the image will change if the size of the pinhole is increased. (a) (i) You are supplied with two diverging lens, each with focal lengths of 6 cm and 30 cm respectively. Draw a diagram to show how you would set up the lenses to construct a simple astronomical telescope. In your diagram, show how the image is formed at normal adjustment. (ii) Explain why an astronomical telescope uses lenses with a large diameter. (b) (i) What is the difference between a real and a virtual image? (ii) The diagram shows a lens of focal length 10 cm, being used as a simple magnifier. Using a ray diagram drawn to scale, or otherwise, find the height h of the lens above the object if the virtual image is to be formed 25 cm from the lens.