Sie sind auf Seite 1von 64

TESTING TRANSFORMER DIFFERENTIAL RELAYS

Nstor Casilla Gaudioso de Guia Doble Engineering C D bl E i i Company


Doble International Protection Testing Users Group Conference Austin TX Oct 13 14 2010

TESTING TRANSFORMER DIFFERENTIAL RELAYS

1. 2. 3. 3

Introduction. Protection Functions for Power Transformer. Test Plan Plan.

Doble International Protection Testing Users Group Conference Austin TX Oct 13 14 2010

TESTING TRANSFORMER DIFFERENTIAL RELAYS

1. 1

Introduction.
For several d F l decades, th d the protection t ti relays of power system have undergone many important changes changes.

Doble International Protection Testing Users Group Conference Austin TX Oct 13 14 2010

TESTING TRANSFORMER DIFFERENTIAL RELAYS

ELECTROMECHANICAL RELAY

ELECTRONIC RELAY

MICROPROCESSOR RELAYS Doble International Protection Testing Users Group Conference Austin TX Oct 13 14 2010

TESTING TRANSFORMER DIFFERENTIAL RELAYS

1. Introduction. 1 Introduction
A modern transformer protection and control system has many features that reflect the trends of integration, such as:

Doble International Protection Testing Users Group Conference Austin TX Oct 13 14 2010

TESTING TRANSFORMER DIFFERENTIAL RELAYS

Differential Protection for two or three winding transformer. Second Harmonic Blocking. Blocking Fifth Harmonic Blocking . Restricted Earth Fault Element. Phase Overcurrent Protection. Ground Overcurrent Protection.
Doble International Protection Testing Users Group Conference Austin TX Oct 13 14 2010

TESTING TRANSFORMER DIFFERENTIAL RELAYS

Over/Under voltage Elements. Frequency Elements. Thermal Element. Element Events recorder. Fault recorder recorder. Applications base on the IEC61850 standard.

Doble International Protection Testing Users Group Conference Austin TX Oct 13 14 2010

TESTING TRANSFORMER DIFFERENTIAL RELAYS

The new protection features must be tested in different system known conditions, which can influence both its performance and safety.

Doble International Protection Testing Users Group Conference Austin TX Oct 13 14 2010

2. Protection Functions for Power

Transformer. 2.1 Transformer Differential Protection. It is the most important transformer protection function.

Doble International Protection Testing Users Group Conference Austin TX Oct 13 14 2010

2.1 Transformer Differential Protection

Idiff = I1 + I2

Doble International Protection Testing Users Group Conference Austin TX Oct 13 14 2010

2.1 Transformer Differential Protection

The advantage of microprocessor technology is g p gy that each manufacturer defines their own algorithms, features and parameters to adjust the differential function.

Doble International Protection Testing Users Group Conference Austin TX Oct 13 14 2010

2.1 Transformer Differential Protection

ABB RET543 RELAY

Setting: 1. Turn Point 1: Fixed 2. Turn Point 2 Variable 2 T P i t 2: V i bl 3. Slop 1: Variable 4. Slop 2: Fixed

Doble International Protection Testing Users Group Conference Austin TX Oct 13 14 2010

2.1 Transformer Differential Protection

SIEMENS 7UT51X RELAY


Doble International Protection Testing Users Group Conference Austin TX Oct 13 14 2010

2.1 Transformer Differential Protection

Iop= I1 + I2 Irst= (|I1 | + |I2 |)/k

SEL RELAY
Doble International Protection Testing Users Group Conference Austin TX Oct 13 14 2010

2.1 Transformer Differential Protection

BECKWITH RELAY
Doble International Protection Testing Users Group Conference Austin TX Oct 13 14 2010

2.1 Transformer Differential Protection

Another point to consider is the new option to filter p p the zero sequence component of phase currents.

Doble International Protection Testing Users Group Conference Austin TX Oct 13 14 2010

2. Protection Functions for Power

Transformer. 2.2 Blocking Function For harmonic blocking, the harmonic content of the differential current must exceed the individual threshold values Second Harmonic for inrush conditions Fifth Harmonic for overexcitation conditions.

Doble International Protection Testing Users Group Conference Austin TX Oct 13 14 2010

2. Protection Functions for Power

Transformer. 2.3 Restricted Earth Fault Element. This element provides sensitive protection against ground faults in wye-connected transformer winding. winding

Doble International Protection Testing Users Group Conference Austin TX Oct 13 14 2010

2. Protection Functions for Power

Transformer. 2.4 Phase and Ground Overcurrent Protection. IED provides numerous overcurrent elements id t l t per winding. Phase, Ph ground d or negative ti sequence instantaneous/definite time elements are available for single- or three-pole feeder single three pole protection, breaker failure protection, transformer backup protection, etc.

Doble International Protection Testing Users Group Conference Austin TX Oct 13 14 2010

2. Protection Functions for Power

Transformer. 2.5 Transformer compensation and CT connection

Transformer and CT connection compensation adjusts the sets of three phase currents for the three-phase phase angle and phase interaction effects introduced by the winding connection of the transformer and CTs.

Doble International Protection Testing Users Group Conference Austin TX Oct 13 14 2010

2. Protection Functions for Power

Transformer.
2.5 Transformer and CT connection compensation

Doble International Protection Testing Users Group Conference Austin TX Oct 13 14 2010

2. Protection Functions for Power

Transformer.
2.5 Transformer and CT connection compensation

Doble International Protection Testing Users Group Conference Austin TX Oct 13 14 2010

2. Protection Functions for Power Transformer.


2.5 Transformer and CT connection compensation
ABC Rotation

Doble International Protection Testing Users Group Conference Austin TX Oct 13 14 2010

3. Test Plan 3.1 Steady State Test - Pickup of differential, overcurrent, overvoltage or undervoltage functions. - Blocking functions - Differential Characteristic - Overcurrent Characteristic

Doble International Protection Testing Users Group Conference Austin TX Oct 13 14 2010

3. Test Plan Test set connection


REL I1 CT1 I2 CT2 I3 CT3 I4 CT4 I5 I6 CT5 CT6 TRIP

Doble International Protection Testing Users Group Conference Austin TX Oct 13 14 2010

3. Test Plan

Doble International Protection Testing Users Group Conference Austin TX Oct 13 14 2010

3. Test Plan

Doble International Protection Testing Users Group Conference Austin TX Oct 13 14 2010

3. Test Plan

Doble International Protection Testing Users Group Conference Austin TX Oct 13 14 2010

3. Test Plan

Doble International Protection Testing Users Group Conference Austin TX Oct 13 14 2010

3. Test Plan

Doble International Protection Testing Users Group Conference Austin TX Oct 13 14 2010

3. Test Plan

Doble International Protection Testing Users Group Conference Austin TX Oct 13 14 2010

3. Test Plan

Doble International Protection Testing Users Group Conference Austin TX Oct 13 14 2010

3. Test Plan

Doble International Protection Testing Users Group Conference Austin TX Oct 13 14 2010

3. Test Plan

Doble International Protection Testing Users Group Conference Austin TX Oct 13 14 2010

3. Test Plan

Doble International Protection Testing Users Group Conference Austin TX Oct 13 14 2010

3. Test Plan

0.522 * sqrt(3) = 0.904 q ( )

Doble International Protection Testing Users Group Conference Austin TX Oct 13 14 2010

3. Test Plan

Doble International Protection Testing Users Group Conference Austin TX Oct 13 14 2010

3. Test Plan
YY Transformer

Doble International Protection Testing Users Group Conference Austin TX Oct 13 14 2010

3. Test Plan

Doble International Protection Testing Users Group Conference Austin TX Oct 13 14 2010

3. Test Plan

Iop= I1 + I2 Irst= (|I1 | + |I2 |)/k

SEL RELAY
Doble International Protection Testing Users Group Conference Austin TX Oct 13 14 2010

3. Test Plan

Doble International Protection Testing Users Group Conference Austin TX Oct 13 14 2010

3. Test Plan

Doble International Protection Testing Users Group Conference Austin TX Oct 13 14 2010

3. Test Plan

Doble International Protection Testing Users Group Conference Austin TX Oct 13 14 2010

3. Test Plan
DABY Transformer
ABC Rotation

Doble International Protection Testing Users Group Conference Austin TX Oct 13 14 2010

3. Test Plan

X
Doble International Protection Testing Users Group Conference Austin TX Oct 13 14 2010

3. Test Plan

Doble International Protection Testing Users Group Conference Austin TX Oct 13 14 2010

3. Test Plan

Doble International Protection Testing Users Group Conference Austin TX Oct 13 14 2010

3. Test Plan

Doble International Protection Testing Users Group Conference Austin TX Oct 13 14 2010

3. Test Plan

Doble International Protection Testing Users Group Conference Austin TX Oct 13 14 2010

3. Test Plan

Doble International Protection Testing Users Group Conference Austin TX Oct 13 14 2010

3. Test Plan 3.2 Dynamic Tests ( SSIMUL ) - 2nd and 5th Harmonic blocking function - Trip with 2nd and 5th Harmonic p - Trip with 2nd Harmonic in one phase - No operation with 5th harmonic in one phase - External fault simulation - Internal fault simulation
Doble International Protection Testing Users Group Conference Austin TX Oct 13 14 2010

3. Test Plan 3.2 Dynamic Tests ( SSIMUL )


Trip for 2nd Harmonic 3 Phase Test (PCT2 = 15%)

Doble International Protection Testing Users Group Conference Austin TX Oct 13 14 2010

3. Test Plan 3.2 Dynamic Tests ( SSIMUL )


Trip for 5th Harmonic 3 Phase Test (PCT5 = 35%)

Doble International Protection Testing Users Group Conference Austin TX Oct 13 14 2010

3. Test Plan 3.2 Dynamic Tests ( SSIMUL )


Internal Fault

Doble International Protection Testing Users Group Conference Austin TX Oct 13 14 2010

3. Test Plan 3.2 Dynamic Tests ( SSIMUL )


Internal Fault

Doble International Protection Testing Users Group Conference Austin TX Oct 13 14 2010

3. Test Plan 3.2 Dynamic Tests ( SSIMUL )


External Fault

Doble International Protection Testing Users Group Conference Austin TX Oct 13 14 2010

3. Test Plan 3.2 Dynamic Tests ( SSIMUL )


External Fault

Doble International Protection Testing Users Group Conference Austin TX Oct 13 14 2010

3. Test Plan
3.3 Transient Tests ( TRANS COMTRADE Files )
- 2nd

and 5th Harmonic blocking function d h - Trip with 2nd and 5th Harmonic - Trip with 2nd Harmonic in one phase - No operation with 5th harmonic in one phase - External fault simulation - Internal fault simulation
Doble International Protection Testing Users Group Conference Austin TX Oct 13 14 2010

3. Test Plan 3.3 Transient Tests 2nd Harmonic - DATC

Doble International Protection Testing Users Group Conference Austin TX Oct 13 14 2010

3. Test Plan 3.3 Transient Tests 2nd Harmonic COMTRADE file

Doble International Protection Testing Users Group Conference Austin TX Oct 13 14 2010

3. Test Plan 3.3 Transient Tests Internal Fault COMTRADE file

Differential Sensibilization

Doble International Protection Testing Users Group Conference Austin TX Oct 13 14 2010

3. Test Plan 3.3 Transient Tests Overexcitation COMTRADE file

Blocking Enable Differential ff Sensibilization

Doble International Protection Testing Users Group Conference Austin TX Oct 13 14 2010

TESTING TRANSFORMER DIFFERENTIAL RELAYS

Doble International Protection Testing Users Group Conference Austin TX Oct 13 14 2010

TESTING TRANSFORMER DIFFERENTIAL RELAYS

Doble International Protection Testing Users Group Conference Austin TX Oct 13 14 2010