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SINDRI

PRACTICAL TRAINING REPORT PATHERDIH COLLIERY (B.C.C.L.)


DURATION OF TRAINING (07/06/2010- 15/07/2010)

PREPARED BY NAME: ASHISH ANCHAL ROLL NO.-080836 BRANCH: MINING ENGINEERING

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

I am greatly

indebted

to Dr. U. K. Dey (H. O. D. Mining Engg.) training at Patherdih Colliery

who encouraged me to take practical (BCCL)

in Patherdih. He give me precise knowledge about Mining

methods which I found very useful in my training period in Coal Mines. I am also very grateful to Mr.A.K.Sinha(Colliery Manager), for their

Mr. A. K. Jha

(Project officer)

& Mr. B.K.Sinha(ACM)

co-operation and suggestion Lastly colliery period. employees to

during training period. I & acknowledge was my indebtedness during the to all

whom

in touch

training

CONTENTS

PAGE NO

(i) (ii) (iii) (iv) (v) (vi)

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT INTRODUCTION GEOLOGY ACCESS AND PROGRESS DEPILLARING DRILLING AND BLASTING

1 2 6 7 8 8 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 19 20 20 21

(vii) HAULAGE DETAILS (viii) TIME STUDY (ix) (x) (xi) SUPPORT LAMP HOUSE DETAILS VENTILATION

(xii) PRODUCTION (xiii) UNDERGROUND MACHINERY (xiv) SURFACE TRANSFORMER (xv) WATER POSITION (xvi) FIRE POSITION (xvii) CYCLE OF OPERATION (xviii) MAN POWER (xix) CONCLUSION

INTRODUCTION

LOCATION:
Patherdih Colliery is situated in the eastern margin of Jharia coalfield. Patherdih railway station on Dhanbad Patherdih section of eastern railway is just adjacent to the colliery office. Patherdih covers an area of 244.34 hectare. It is 16 km away from Dhanbad and 275 km from Kolkata. It is situated between longitude 86 17 17 E and 86 24 54 E and latitude 23 4010 N and 23 4042 N.

BOUNDARY:
North : - Patherdih Bazar railway station South : - Sudamdih shaft and washery East :Chasnalla Colliery

West :- Chandan O/C project , Bhowrah

ACCESSIBILITY:

It is accessible by road as Dhanbad Sindri Road passes

through

very near to the office. It is also accessible by Railway through Patherdih bazaar railway station.

MANGEMENT:
The Management of this colliery is very promising and efficient . They take good care of workers and other employees. Moreover there is good relationship between them. The management runs as follows:Owner : B.C.C.L. Head office: Koyla Nagar (Dhanbad) Personal Department Mining Department Supervisory Department

Patherdih colliery was planned to produce 1.5 lakh tons of coal per annum .There are presently one working unit at Patherdih Colliery. (i) VI seam Incline Depillaring

Again it is proposed to reopen an additional 7 seam incline. As the coal produced of same grade i.e. H.H. grade, it is transported to speed functions.

POWER:

Electricity is the source of power . It is purchased from Jharkhand State Electricity Board which purchases from DVC shift hours.

SHIFT HOURS:
1st shift 2nd Shift 3rd Shift - 8 AM to 4 PM - 4 PM to 12 AM - 12 AM to 8 AM

GEOLOGY: The Jharia Coalfield is most productive and important of the Indian Coalfields . The field is roughly sickle shaped . The larger area being 38 km . NW to SE and the shorter being 19 km . EW to NS. The Patherdih Colliery lies on the dip side of the Bhulan Bararee thrust. Due to thrust the gradient of the seams are about S14W. There is no major geological distribution in any of the seam presently being worked. One dyke is in the western part of the property ranging in thickness from 30 cm to 1 m., which runs in the SW at an angle of S26W. The dyke has been crossed in all seams to continue development beyond dyke; however no inflammable gas has been detected. In Patherdih Colliery, there seams VI,VII and VIIIA seam is shale. All the seams are highly inclined.

ACCESS AND PROGRESS: As the seam is outer cropping in the southern part of the property ,it is approached by an incline. An incline is the stopping roadway driven from the surface to the seam through the alluvium and thus overlying seam.The main haulage of VI seam is driven in apparent dip having gradient 1 in 1.8. In addition to haulage roadway ,travelling roadway is also driven just by the side of old machine. This roadway is equipped with ventilating fan also.

DEPILLARING:
The method of working is Board and Pillar with Hydraulic stowing.At present the depillaring operation is carried in the Panel P2 of VI seam whereas Panel P1 has already been depillared and stowed.The mine is developed up to 21th level and proposed to be extended beyond it. Size of gallery = 4.2 m * 3m Pillar size = 27m * 18.75m But at some places it is 24m * 18.5m and 26m * 18.75m. Average depth of seam =120m

DRILLING AND BLASTING:


Drilling :- The system of breaking coal is solid blasting . The holes are drilled with the help of drill machine. Type - Huwood Maker Huwood and Co. Volts -125 V H.P. 1.5

R.P.M. of Motor- 2800 R.P.M. of rod - 728 The drill rods are made of mild steel . This type of drill bit for coal is eccentric drill bits are tungsten carbide tipped.The bits are detachable. Length of drill cable = 300 ft. About 15 to 18 holes are drilled in the specific duration .The pattern of hole is wedge cut.

BLASTING:
Explosive used:(i) Powergel (P5),32 mm dia.200 gm , M/s IEL limited Gomia ,maximum 1000 gm. Production per shift = 40 tonnes.

STEMMING MATERIAL
The stemming material used is the mixture of sand and clay in the ratio 3:1.

EXPLODERS
Type : Multi shot exploder. Capacity: maximum 25 Battery: P-276 everyday batteries Firing current: 1.5 Amp. Limiting resistance:8 Discharging current duration: 3.4 milli second

TYPE OF SHOT FIRING CABLE:

It is two cores PVC cable each core contains a conductor of fine wires of 0.002 dia. Length of cable = 30 m.

HAULAGE DETAILS:
For main haulage:(i) Squirrel cage motor of 100 HP and voltage of 550V.

Three gears are used for operation and it is liquid controlled. Rope dia = 22mm Time taken from tugger haulage to surface = 5 minute

TUGGER HAULAGE DETAILS:


It is direct rope haulage having following specifications:Motor power -40 H.P.(induction motor flame proof) Current RPM Type KW/HP Rope Type Size - 52 amp. -1480 -BF - 37/50 - single stranded -617 FMC -19 mm.

Maximum no. of tubs to be attached =5 (when loaded) =5(when unloaded)

TIME STUDY:
Time taken in drilling one hole of 1.5 m =60 sec. Time taken on priming one cartridge =5 sec. Time taken in charging hole =15 sec. Time taken in stemming the hole =1 min. Time taken in operating the exploder=1 min. Time taken in disconnecting the cable= 6sec. Time taken in loading one tub of coal =5 min. Capacity of tub =1.2 tonne 20-30 baskets are needed to load a tub having capacity of one ton.

SUPPORTS:
At faces : Timber Props In rise and haulage gallery props and cross-bars.At some places rectangular steel cogs are also used. Time taken in erecting one cog= 1 hr.

MAGAZINE:
No. of detonators =10000 (license and capcity) Explosive used =99 kg. Lifted explosive =6 months from the date of manufacture. Daily consumption = 150 kg.

SAFETY PRECAUTION:

(i) (ii)

Torch cap lamp electricity can not reach inside the house. Use of generators in the magazine.

LAMP HOUSE DETAILS:


Lamp capacity : 600 Safety lamp : 10 Charge capacity:8 No. of self rescue : 300 Charging voltage required : 4.8 V Life of cap lamp : 18 months Check time internal of self rescue : 3 months Input voltage of the charger : 440 V Output voltage : 4.8V D.C. Time taken to full charging : 10 hrs. Discharging time : 8 hrs.

PUMPING:
There are two pumps having capacities 180 H.P. & 90 H.P. It is situated at 16th & 18th level respectively. 180 H.P. capacity pump is used for sand stowing purposes as well as for filter house.

VENTILATION:
To fulfill the requirement of Regulation 130 of CMR 1957, a main mechanical fan is installed near traveling roadway.

SPECIFICATION OF FAN:

Name : Axial flow fan Model no. : PV -200 (VOLTAS) Capacity : 5100m3/min. W.G.: 22 mm of Hg. Driving motor : 110 KW,440 volt, 1480 rpm No. of blades : 10 No. of driving belt for power transmission =9 Blade angle: 220 30

PRODUCTION:
As on dated: 15-07-2010 Seam No. : VI Seam Production(tone/day): 120 Daily O.M.S. : 0.9 tonne

DIRECT HAULAGE:
100 H.P., 550V ,1440 rpm . Rope dia.= 22 mm Rope length = 750 m. 5 tub hauling and 6 tub loading. Stranded rope: FOS.- 7.212

UNDERGROUND MACHINERY:

VI SEAM: (i) 180 HP pump M&P make 500GPM,210m Head,440V,1440 rpm ,No.-2 (ii) 90HP pump M&P make 500GPM,210m Head,440V,1440 rpm ,No.-2 (ii) Drill machine-15 head 125 V, J.V.Make, nos. used-3

SURFACE TRANSFORMER:
(1) 500 KVA, 6.6 KV/440 V (2) 300 KVA, 6.6KV/550 V (3) 500KVA/550 V/440 V (4) 200KVA, 6.6KV/440V 2 1 1 1

WORKING SEAM: Presently working seam is VIth seam. Here depillaring is started in panel P2. Depillaring work of panel P1 has been completed already. The immediate roof is of Shale, Sand Stone. Overlying seam of VIth seam is VIIth seam which is opened recently for extraction. Gassiness of VIth seam is of degree I mine.

FIRE POSITION: IX/X and XIV seams:-Fire exist at outcrop side, protective work are being done, area blanketed with sand stone and earth, fire is under control.

VI-SEAM:

Thickness - 3.64-4.8m. Gradient 1 in 1.8 S14W Gassiness Degree I CYCLE OF OPERATION: Drilling Charging and Steaming Blasting Dressing Supporting Loading Transportation Unloading

MAN POWER:
Designation (i) Overman (ii) Mining sardar (i) Shot firer + dresser (ii) Trammer (iii) Trammer (iv) Driller+ helper (v) Haulage operator (vi) Line Mistry (vii) Loaders (viii) Electrician + helper (ix) Timber Mistry man in one shift 1 1 1+1 5 (u/g) 3 (surface) 1+2 1+1 2 20 1+2 1+2 45

CONCLUSION
At last I want to conclude my training report and I thanks once again to all the officials and staffs of My College,Patherdih Colliery and B.C.C.L from depth of my heart for providing me immense support to complete my training report.I am also thankful to my friends you were always present to extend their support during the completion of my project.This training period was really a memoriable experience for me as this was my first visit to any underground mines in my life and I thoroughly enjoyed the experience as I got lots of things to learn as Mining is incomplete without practicals.