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Sekolah Menengah Kebangsaan Seafield, Subang Jaya

CHEMISTRY PAPER 1 (One hour and forty-five minutes) SECTION A Four suggested answers labelled A, B, C and D are given for each question. Choose one correct answer. 1. Chlorine has two isotopes 35Cl and 37Cl. The mass spectrum of chlorine which is given below, shows three peaks with a relative abundance ratio of 9:6:1. What is the ratio of relative abundance of isotope 35Cl to isotope 37Cl?

Relative abundance

9 6 1 70 72 74 Relative mass

A. B. C. D.

1:1 2:1 1:3 3:1

2. Which of the following species does not produce a peak in the mass spectrum of propan-2-ol? A. CH3CHOH+ B. CH3CH2OH+ C. CH3CH(OH)CH+ D. CH3C(OH)CH2+ 3. The ionization energy of the hydrogen atom can be calculated from the Lyman series in the hydrogen emission spectrum by determining the frequency of the A. spectral line with shortest wavelength B. spectral line with longest wavelength C. spectral line with highest intensity D. first spectral line in the series. 4. The ionic radii of ions of sodium, magnesium and aluminium are 0.098 nm, 0.065 nm and 0.045 nm respectively. The decrease in atomic radii from sodium to aluminium is due to A. the increase in nuclear charge and increase in the number of electrons. B. the increase in nuclear charge while the number of electrons remains constant. C. the increase in number of electrons while the nuclear charge remains constant.

D. the increase in number of electrons and protons in the nucleus. 5. Which of the following elements will form both ionic and covalent compounds? A. Sodium B. Potassium C. Aluminium D. Magnesium 6. The structural formula of the sulphite ion is shown below.


What is the angle of the O S O bond? A. 90o B. 107o C. 109o28 D. 120o 7. Propanone reacts with iodine in the presence of an acid according to the reaction: H+ CH3COCH3 + I2 CH3COCH2I + HI The mechanism involves the following steps, H+ CH3COCH3 CH3C= CH2 OH CH3 C=CH2 + I2 OH CH3CICH2I OH Which conclusion cannot be drawn from this information? A Iodine is not involved in the rate determining step. B The acid acts as a catalyst. C The overall order of the reaction is three. D The rate of reaction is not affected by a change in the iodine concentration. CH3CICH2I OH CH3COCH2I + HI (fast) (fast)


8. The table shows experimental results obtained for the following reaction: 2XO + O2 100 100 1.0 2XO2 100 25 0.25 50 100 0.50 50 0.125

Partial pressure of XO/Pa Partial pressure of O2 / Pa Relative rate

What is the missing value of the partial pressure of O2 in the table? A 50 B 25 C 40 D 12.5 9. Known amounts of hydrogen and iodine are allowed to come to equilibrium at 500 oC in a vessel of known volume. H2 + I2 2HI From which experimental method can Kc be found? A measuring the total pressure in the vessel. B slow cooling to 20 oC, breaking open the vessel under aqueous potassium iodide, and titrating the iodine present with aqueous sodium thiosulphate. C rapid cooling to 20 oC, breaking open the vessel under aqueous potassium iodide, and titrating the iodine present with aqueous sodium thiosulphate. D withdrawal of a measured sample of the equilibrium mixture, followed by complete decomposition of the hydrogen iodide present ,and then titrating the total amount of iodine with aqueous sodium thiosulphate. 10. Butanoic acid, a monobasic acid, is formed in rancid butter. 0.20 moles of the acid are dissolved in water to give 500 cm3 of a solution whose pH is 2.60. Calculate the acid dissociation constant, Ka, for the acid. A B C D 1.58 x 10-5 3.12 x 10-5 6.25 x 10-5 6.25 x 10-3 mol dm -3 mol dm-3 mol dm-3 mol dm-3

11. Which statement explains the observation that magnesium hydroxide dissolves in aqueous ammonium chloride but not in aqueous sodium chloride? A Ammonium chloride dissolves less fully than sodium chloride. B The ion NH4 + acts as an acid C The ammonium ion changes the solubility product of magnesium hydroxide D Ammonium hydroxide is first formed and then acts through a common ion effect. 3

12. In the construction of heart pacemakers it is possible to use a tiny magnesium electrode which creates an electrical cell with the inhaled oxygen. The relevant half-cells are as follows: Mg2+ + 2e Mg E = -2.38 V O2 + 2H+ + 2e H2O E = 1.23 V

Under standard conditions the cell e.m.f would be 3.61V, but in the body a potential of 3.25V is more usual. What is the best explanation for the lower e.m.f? A the small size of the magnesium electrode B the low concentration of Mg2+ ions surrounding the magnesium electrode. C the high resistance of the body fluids surrounding the electrodes. D the pH of between 7 and 8 of the body fluid surrounding the electrodes. 13. The table below shows the enthalpies of the elements potassium and bromine, and potassium bromide. Ionization energy of K = 496 kJ mol-1 Electron affinity of Br = -349 kJ mol-1 Enthalpy of atomization of Br = 121 kJ mol-1 Enthalpy of atomization of K = 108 kJ mol-1 Enthalpy of formation of KBr = -411 kJ mol-1 What is the H value for the reaction below? KBr(s) K+(g) + Br-(g) A B C D +133 kJ mol-1 -414 kJ mol-1 +787 kJ mol-1 -787 kJ mol-1

14. Which of the following ions has the highest exothermic enthalpy of hydration? A Na+ B Al3+ C Mg2+ D Ca2+ 15. Which statement about the oxides of Period 3 is not correct? A SiO2 exists as a giant covalent molecule. B P4O10 exists as a solid under room condition. C MgO is not soluble in water but reacts with dilute acids. D Al2O3 and SiO2 are amphoteric oxides. 16. Which oxide can form a solution with the lowest pH when 1 mole of the oxide is dissolved in 1 dm3 of distilled water? A P4O10 B Cl2O7 C SO3 4


17. The same amount of an electric current flows through molten sodium chloride and molten aluminium oxide mixed with molten cryolite in separate cells, connected in series. If 4.6 g of sodium is produced in one cell, what is the mass of aluminium produced in the other cell? [relative atomic mass : Al:27; Na:23] A 0.9 g B 1.8 g C 2.7 g D 3.6 g 18 Which of the following is not true regarding aluminium chloride? A It exists as a dimer in the solid state. B It fumes in moist air. C It acts as a Lewis acid in its reaction with ammonia solution to form ammonium chloride. D It is an ionic compound. 19. Which of the following statements about the oxides of nitrogen is not correct? A N2O4 is colourless. B NO2 is a brown gas. C NO has a lone electron in its structure. D The hybridisation of nitrogen atom in NO2 is sp3. 20. In the reaction: Ag+ + 2 NH3 [Ag(NH3)2 ]+ + A Ag acts as a Lewis base. B Ag+ acts as an oxidising agent. C NH3 acts as an oxidising agent. D The bonds between Ag+ and NH3 are co-ordinate bonds. 21. Which of the following increases when going down the group from fluorine to iodine? A Reactivity B Electronegativity C Enthalpy of fusion D First ionisation energy 22. Three elements in Group 17, P, Q and R have the following properties: P is a liquid at room temperature and pressure. Q- is the strongest reducing agent. The hydride of R has the highest Ka value.

Based on the above, the correct arrangement of the elements in order of increasing proton number is A P, Q, R C Q, P, R B P, R, Q D R, P, Q 23. Chromium reacts with a ligand L in the mole ration of 1: 3 to form a complex. Ligand L is most likely to be A CNC NH3 5

B C2O4224.


Which of the following molecule does not contain a A Benzene B Ethene C Methanal D Methane Give the IUPAC name for (CH3)3CCH2CH3 A B C D 1,1,1 - trimethylpropane 1,1,2 - trimethylpropane 2 - methylpentane 2,2 dimethylbutane




Which of the following statements about geometrical isomerism is true? A The molecule must be planar. B The melting point of the cis and trans isomers is different. C The chemical properties of the cis and trans isomers are different. D Two groups of atoms must be on each carbon atom that is covalently bonded by a single bond. Monosubstituted benzene has the formula C6H5X. When C6H5X reacts with an electrophile Y, a trisubstituted benzene compound, Z is formed. Which of the following statements is correct? A The molecular formula of Z is C6H4XY2 B The molecular formula of Z is C6H3XY2 C The number of isomers of Z is 3 D The number of isomers of Z is 7



240 cm3 of a gaseous hydrocarbon burns in excess oxygen to produce 720 cm3 of carbon dioxide and 0.030 moles of water. What is the molecular formula of the hydrocarbon? [All volumes are measured at room conditions. The molar volume of a gas at room conditions is 24 000 cm3. Relative atomic mass : C =12, H = 1, O = 16] A C2H4 B C2H6 C C3H6 D C3H8


2.30 g of methylbenzene (relative molecular mass = 92) reacts with chlorine to produce X. Hydrolysis of X in the presence of aqueous silver nitrate produces 7.18 g of silver chloride. What is X? [relative atomic mass : Ag = 108, Cl = 35.5] A B C D CH2Cl CHCl2 CCl3 Cl CH2Cl

30. Which one of the following pairs of reagents cannot be used to prepare CH3CH2Cl? A CH2 = CH2 + HCl B CH2 = CHCl + H2 C CH3CH2OH + HCl D CH3CH2OH + Cl2 31. Ethene reacts with aqueous bromine to give the two products, CH2BrCH2Br and CH2BrCH2OH. Which statement is correct for these products? Both products possess an overall dipole. Both products can be hydrolysed to form the same diol. Both products are obtained in this reaction by electrophilic substitution. Both products are obtained in this reaction by nucleophilic addition. 32. Which one of the following compounds will give a precipitate of triiodomethane (iodoform) when reacted with iodine and aqueous sodium hydroxide? A C6H5CHO B C D (CH3)3CCH2OH CH3CH2CH(OH)CH3 CH3CH2CH2OH

33. A compound X, C4H10O gives the compound Y, C4H8O on oxidation. Y gives a yellow precipitate on warming with alkaline aqueous iodine. Which of the following could be X? A CH3CH2CH2CH2OH B C D (CH3)2CHCH2OH CH3CH2CH(OH)CH3 (CH3)3COH

34. Which one of the following gives the correct order of acid strength for ethanoic acid, chloroethanoic acid and phenol? A. B. C. D. Strongest Weakest CH3CO2H > C6H5OH > CH2ClCO2H C6H5OH > CH2ClCO2H > CH3CO2H CH2ClCO2H > C6H5OH > CH3CO2H CH2ClCO2H > CH3CO2H > C6H5OH

35. Benzocaine is a local anaesthetic, often used to relieve pain from sunburn. H2N COOCH2CH3

Which of the following is a possible means of its preparation? H+ A H2N COOH + CH3CH2OH heat H+ B H2N OH + CH3CH2COOH heat C H2N OH + CH3CH2COCl room temperature H2/ Pt catalyst D NC COOCH2CH3 heat 36. Paracetamol is a pain-killing drug: NHCOCH3

OH What are the products from its reaction with an excess of boiling aqueous NaOH? A NHCOCH3 B NH2 + CH3COO - Na+ O- Na+ OH

8 O- Na+ O- Na+

NH2 + CH3COO- Na+


37. X and Y are the products in a two steps reaction with 2-bromopropane, as shown below. KCN/ethanol 2-bromopropane X and Y are most likely A B C D X 2-butanonitrile 2-methylpropanenitrile 2- methylpropanenitrile ethyl propoxide Y butyl ethanoate 2-methyl propanamine butanamine pentanamine X Na/ethanol Y

38. Which reagent could be used to separate a mixture of phenylamine, C6H5NH2, and methylbenzene, C6H5CH3? A. dilute aqueous sodium hydrogencarbonate B. dilute aqueous sodium hydroxide C. dilute hydrochloric acid D. propanone 39. Which structure represents the repeating unit of a protein? CH3 H O O O | | || || || A OC CC B C CH2 C O CH2 -- CH2 O | | H NH2 H CH3 | | C C | | H COOCH3 O O


|| || D N CH2 C N CH2 C | | H H

40. Which monomer co-polymerises with repeating unit shown? CH CH2 CH2 CH == CH CH2

CH == CH 2 to give a polymer with the

n A CH3 CH == CH CH3 9

B CH2== CH CH2 CH3 C CH2== CH CH == CH2 D (CH3)2 C== CH2 SECTION B For each of the questions this section, one or more of the three numbered statements 1 to 3 may be correct. The responses A to D should be selected as follows. A Only 1 is correct. B Only 1 and 2 are correct. C Only 2 and 3 are correct. D 1, 2 and 3 are correct.

41. The elements phosphorus, sulphur and chlorine from Period 3, form three ions namely: P3, S2 and Cl. It can be concluded that, all these ions have 1 the same valence electrons arrangement. 2 the same electron charge density 3 the same ionic radii. 42. When ammonia gas reacts with hydrogen chloride gas, white fumes of ammonium chloride is formed. Which of the following statements is true of ammonium chloride? 1 It has both covalent and ionic bonds. 2 It is soluble in water. 3 The cation is tetrahedral in shape. 43. An aqueous copper(II) salt is electrolysed between copper electrodes, using a constant current. What affects the mass of copper deposited on the cathode? 1 2 3 the time taken the concentration of the solution the nature of the anion present

44. An oxide Q gives off chlorine gas when heated with concentrated hydrochloric acid. When all of the chlorine gas has evolved, the remaining solution is mixed with dilute sulphuric acid. A white precipitate is formed. Q is probably 1 PbO2 2 SnO2 3 PbO 45. Going down Group 14, 1 the stability of the +2 oxidation states increases 2 the atomic radius increases 3 the first ionization energy decreases


46. Copper(II) chloride is dissolved in concentrated hydrochloric acid. What happens when water is slowly added until in excess to the mixture? 1 In concentrated hydrochloric acid, a brownish yellow solution is formed due to the [CuCl4]2- ions. 2 The Cl- ligands in [CuCl4]2- are gradually replaced by H2O molecules to form the [Cu(H2O)6 ]2+ ions. 3 The shape of the complex ion gradually changes from tetrahedral to square planar. 47. Which of the following is/are true with regards to 1, 2 dibromoethane? 1 2 3 It can be prepared by the action of ethene and hydrogen bromide Ethyne, CH CH is formed when it is heated with alcoholic potassium hydroxide Hydrolysis with aqueous alkali produces a diol

48. Malic acid, HO2CCH(OH)CH2CO2H is found in apples. Which properties does malic acid have? 1 2 3 It can form esters with ethanoic acid and also with ethanol. Its molecule contains a secondary alcohol group. Its molecule has one chiral centre.

49. Alanine is an amino acid with the following structure. CH3 | H2N C COOH | H Which of the following is true with regard to alanine? 1 It forms a zwitterion in neutral solution 2 It forms an anion in solutions with pH more than 7. 3 It is insoluble in water. 50. Which of the following statements is/are true regarding polymerization that uses the ZieglerNatta catalyst? 1 The polymerization process involves free radicals. 2 The polymerization involved is addition polymerization. 3 The polymerization process produces high density polymers.