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AMERICAN CIVIL WAR

Union Exclusive

David Suh Block F Nov.9th, 2011


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Table of Contents
Preparing For the War Preparing For the War 3.Resources and Advantages 3. 3.Resources and Advantages 4.Preparation 4. 4.Preparation Commanders and Conflicts Commanders and Conflicts 5.Leaders 5. 5.Leaders 6.Engagements 6. 6.Engagements 7.Minority Groups 7. 7.Minority Groups Americans During the Civil War Americans During the Civil War 8.Camp Life 8. 8.Camp Life 9.Life on the Home Front 9. on the Home Front 9.Life The Aftermath of the War The Aftermath of the War 10.Effects of the War 10. 10.Effects of the War 11.Reconstruction 11. 11.Reconstruction 12. Bibliography 12. Bibliography

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W h y y o u s h o u l d s u p p o r t t h e N o r t h !

Preparing For the War. Resources and Advantages

Navy Ships
We have navy ships to blockade the South from exporting and trading their resources.

Railroad System
It is much easier and faster for us to transport men, weapons, food, and other necessities to the war zones.

Weapons
Our weapons are much more superior than the Souths.

Factories
Our industries are better as we have many factories to keep the weapons and battle gears coming.

Men
We have many more men, and you know war is all about having more men.

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Preparing For the War. Preparation


Propaganda
- Propaganda was everywhere, twisting words and trying to influence everyone. This sparked some passion in the Union as they wanted to reunite the North and South, back into America.

Conscription

- Conscription is when the government drafts men into the army to fight for their country. The Union abused this as they wanted to utilize their advantage against the confederates, the number of men. Many opposed this as the unwilling soldiers made poor fighting men.

Training
- Training was rigorous for the soldiers as a lot of them were freshly picked off from their couches and never had military experiences.

Equipment
- A soldier needed to carry everything he must need to sustain his own life and fight. He would need water, food, and shelter. Each soldier had a haversack, a huge backpack, to carry there blankets, extra pair of shoes, canteen, ammunition, and clothing.

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Commanders and Conflict Conflict Command

Leaders George Meade


- Born in Cadiz, Spain, on 31st December - Graduated from the U.S. Military Academy at West Point. - Was commissioned brigadier general in command of the 2nd Brigade of the Pennsylvania Reserves. - 2nd Battle of Bull Run and the Battle of Chancellorsville - President Lincoln replaced Joseph Hooker with Meade. - He had anger tantrum issues.

- Born in 1789 near Petersburg, Virginia. - With the outbreak of the War of 1812, he fought and was promoted to a lieutenant colonel. He was promoted again for his bravery and energy. - He stood 6 ft, 5 in tall and weighed 230 pounds. - He was called Fuss & Feathers because of his great attention to his dress and decorum.

Winfield Scott

Abraham Lincoln
- He was born on Feb.12, 1809, in Hardin County. - 16th president of the United States - Big influence in the Civil War. He guided America out of the Civil War and reunited the North and the South. - Considered by many historians to have been the greatest president. - Nicknamed Honest Abe.

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Commanders and Conflict Conflict Command

Engagements Chancellorsville
Joseph Hooker as the commander 97,382 14,000 Spotsylvania Country April 30 ~ May 6 1863 Union generals Berry and Whipple were killed Confederate general Paxton were killed; Stonewall Jackson was mortally wounded. - Confederates win and the Unions lose.

- Marked the start of Grants campaign against Richmond. - 101,895 - 18,400 - Spotsylvania and Orange Counties - May 57, 1864 - Union generals James S. Wadsworth and Alexander Hays were killed. - The battle was a tactical draw.

Battle of the Wilderness

Cold Harbor

- Grant and Meade as the commander - 108,000 - 13,000 - Hanover County - May 31-June 12, 1864 - Confederates win and the Unions lose.

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Commanders and Conflict Conflict Command

Minority Groups
African Americans
- The Unions were basically fighting for abolition, so they supported the Unions and joined the army to fight against the Confederates.

Women
- Women helped out in the war both at home and in the battlefield. Women at home knitted and made uniforms and clothing for the soldiers. Women at the battlefield helped with medical care.

Immigrants
- The immigrants fought for the Confederates because if the Unions won and the slaves were given freedom, the slaves would take all the immigrants jobs.

Spies
- Spies were on both sides trying to steal military information.

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Camp Life

mericans During the Civil War


The life of a Union soldier was much better than that of a confederate soldiers. Union soldiers were equipped with better items, stayed in nicer environments, and fed better and healthier food. When the soldiers werent fighting, most of the time they spent drilling on battle techniques and strategies. When the soldiers got bored, they played games like dominoes, cards, and chess. Even though the Union soldiers were given better living conditions, their survival rate still wasnt high. Many soldiers died even before getting to the battlefield through diseases spread due to the unhygienic conditions. Soldiers got really lonely and sent home many letters explaining the pain they went through and how much they missed being home. The letters were a big motivation for the soldiers.

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Life on the Home Front


The women had to do a lot of covering for the men as they left for war. Women had to take over the job of farming and others. Many women helped out in the war, whether it was at home or actually in the battlefield. At home, women made clothing for the soldiers. In the battlefield, women helped out with the sick and wounded, did laundry for the soldiers, and delivered supplies. Many had to move because the battles would take part in their front yard. Whether it was a minor or major battle, families had to quickly evacuate and move out.

mericans During the Civil War

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Effects of the War

The Aftermath The Aftermath of of the Civil War the Civil War
Like any other wars, the civil war had many devastating effects. Off the hand, there is the depression that comes from the deaths and losses. Many families had to adjust their way of living. Slavery was abolished because the Unions won. Many buildings, landscapes, and houses had to be reconstructed or just cleaned up due to all the destruction caused by the trenches and artillery fires. At least 618,000 men died fighting. But there has to be gains from these long lasting and painful wars. - Slavery was abolished - 14th and 15th amendment was passed - The North and South re-united to create United States again. - Economic boom in both the North and South

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Reconstruction

The Aftermath The Aftermath of of the Civil War the Civil War
After the war was over, there was a lot of reconstructing and polishing to do. President Abraham Lincoln proposed an idea to help reunite the Union and the Confederate states. He proposed the 10% plan but was sadly assassinated. Having to re-elect a president, the 10% plan was rejected. Lincolns vice president, Johnson took the presidency seat and proposed his own plans. But the Congress had different views from Johnson and created their own plan. This had military officials govern each southern states. The 14th and 15th amendment were passed. The south also got an educational plan and reconstructed their town.

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BIBLIOGRAPHY
"Abraham Lincoln." Supercomputing '94. Web. 09 Nov. 2011. <http://sc94.ameslab.gov/tour/alincoln.html>. "Battle Summary: Chancellorsville, VA." U.S. National Park Service - Experience Your America. Web. 09 Nov. 2011. <http:// www.nps.gov/hps/abpp/battles/va032.htm>. "Battle Summary: Cold Harbor, VA." U.S. National Park Service - Experience Your America. Web. 09 Nov. 2011. <http://www.nps.gov/ hps/abpp/battles/va062.htm>. "Battle Summary: Wilderness, VA." U.S. National Park Service - Experience Your America. Web. 09 Nov. 2011. <http://www.nps.gov/ hps/abpp/battles/va046.htm>. "Casualties In The Civil War." The American Civil War Home Page. Web. 09 Nov. 2011. <http://www.civilwarhome.com/ casualties.htm>. "Civil War Army Organizational Chart." American Civil War History Timelines Battle Map Pictures. Web. 09 Nov. 2011. <http:// americancivilwar.com/kids_zone/civil_war_army_terms.html>. "Female Spies - Women Spies in History - Women Spying for Their Cause."Women's History - Comprehensive Women's History Research Guide. Web. 09 Nov. 2011. <http://womenshistory.about.com/od/spies/Women_Spies_in_History.htm>. "George Gordon Meade Biography." The American Civil War Home Page. Web. 09 Nov. 2011. <http://www.civilwarhome.com/ meadebio.htm>. "Life of a Soldier during the Civil War." Kidport Home Page. Web. 09 Nov. 2011. <http://www.kidport.com/reflib/usahistory/civilwar/ Life.htm>. "Union Soldiers in the American Civil War." American Civil War History Timelines Battle Map Pictures. Web. 09 Nov. 2011. <http:// americancivilwar.com/kids_zone/union_soldier_civil_war.html>.

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