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KHADIN

The khadin system is based on the principle of harvesting rainwater on farmland and subsequent use of this water-saturated land for crop production. Water catchment from july to oct Cultivation from oct to feb

Crops that grow Wheat Chana Tara meera Sarsoa

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What are the advantages 1. it can make arid wasteland productive 2. though it is primary runoff agriculture, a lot of water gets stored on the land, partly going down deep, sideways 3. Depending upon the amount of rainfall and consequent runoff received during the monsoon, one or two crops are grown. There is 3-4 fold increase in agriculture production, in comparison with nonKhadin conditions depending upon rainfall quantity and distribution. This system assures the farmers of at least one crop even in very dry times. WINTER CROPS

Khadins also have created positive impact on the ecology of the region, effectively checking soil erosion and increasing vegetation cover.

Fruit and Vegetable Propagation

Food security is only a reality if the community is able to not only sustainably produce an adequate amount of food, but also an adequate level of nutrient-rich foods like fruits and vegetables. For most of the poor in the desert, the only fruits and vegetables available are wild greens and fruits gathered when the rains have been good. Mal-nutrition is endemic, especially in women and children. GRAVIS addresses this problem by assisting families to develop fruit orchards and encourages families to plant vegetable gardens. Beneficiaries are given a variety of fruit trees including: goonda (a citrus fruit), anwala (a citrus fruit), anaar (pomegranate), nimbu (lemon) and ber (desert plum), and are trained by GRAVIS on planting and care of the plants. The fruit trees are planted near the family's home so that women and children can easily tend and give domestic wastewater to the plants. To date, GRAVIS has helped in establishing a total of 1,522 fruit orchard gro forestry Farmers in the Thar Desert have traditionally protected trees such as the Khejri (Prosopis cineraria), Babul (Acacia tortilis), and Bordi (Zizyphus nummularia) that grow in their fields. These trees provide the land and the community with a number of direct benefits:

Protect the soil from erosion, Provide added nutrients to the soil Bring more rain to the region, Provide wood fuel for the cooking fires, and Provide fruit that can be consumed.

The practice of protecting these trees has been waning recently due to the increased population and more pressure to use as much of the little land a farmer has to produce crops. GRAVIS recognizes the great value of this practice, as it simultaneously improves the ecological condition of the desert region and the welfare of the community. GRAVIS promotes the protection and planting of select trees on agricultural lands.