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PI 10, The Life and Works of Jose Rizal Lecture: Y, Tuesdays, 4:00-5:30pm; Discussion Classes: Sections Y-1R to Y-6R

Rizalino Noble Malabed Assistant Professor of Political Science

taga.taaw@gmail.com
Consultation Hours: Mondays and Fridays, 9:00am-12:00pm

Course Description: We, of course, know Jose Rizal. We heard stories of him, read stories by him, see his images everywhere. Notionally for the UP community, his death is already the final expression of sacrifice of which the Oblation and subsequent offerings of lives and passions are but tributes. Rizal's sacrifice is for the Filipino nation that sublime thing that we have supposedly become after 1896. Yet, if we are to believe the usual complaints and criticisms of our politics of corruption and our culture of apathy, our nation is yet to be attained. We are not yet Filipinos as long as we put the self, our family, our friends first. There is a sense then that we are barred from Rizal only approximating his offering, and that we are barred from the nation always short of being that ideal self-sacrificing Filipino. PI 10 is an effort towards realizing the ideal Rizal and Filipino nation in ourselves. RA 1425, the law that requires the study of Rizal's life and works, enjoins us to develop moral character, personal discipline, civic conscience, and to teach the duties of citizenship by suffusing the minds our youth with the life, works and writings of Jose Rizal, particularly his novels Noli Me Tangere and El Filibusterismo constant and inspiring sources of patriotism. The law's injunction is to know Rizal for the nation. Nation, here, is the nation-state. But the Philippine nation-state is not Rizal's nation (see F. Quibuyen's A Nation Aborted). And to follow this injunction is to remain barred from Rizal and his nation. For this particular PI 10 then, we will do something that is not sanctioned by the law. We already know Rizal. We are, instead, going to enjoy him. This is a task that requires an appropriate attitude. So please please please, whatever it is, bring it to class. And maybe, by enjoying Rizal we get to enjoy his/our nation as well. Who knows. :) This particular PI 10's injunction then is to enjoy Rizal, and maybe our nation, as ourselves.

Course Objectives: Our goal is to enjoy Rizal and the Filipino nation as ourselves. But because this violates the university requirement of measurable course objectives, it will be our secret goal. Don't tell anybody. Instead, if people get curious and ask, read them these: At the end of the course, the students should be able to: 1. Define heroism and nationalism in the context of Filipino experience; 2. Identify the highlights of Rizals biography; 3. Summarize the major writings of Rizal; 4. Analyze Rizals life within the 19th century Philippines; 5. Differentiate Rizal the person from Rizal the hero; 1

6. Evaluate the importance of Rizals contribution to nation-building; 7. Assess the significance of symbols in strengthening national solidarity and sense of community.

Course Requirements and Grading: House Rules You can eat but you cannot sleep. Attendance will be checked but it is okay to miss the class. You can choose your own seats. But choose wisely for it is going to be your seat for the rest of the sem. Each of you will be given a class number which you should always indicate in the requirements that you are going to submit such as quizzes, papers, exams, etc. Grading System and Class Requirements We shall adapt a point system grading scheme in this class. Each class requirement will have a corresponding weight by which your raw score will be multiplied. Points are totaled at the end of the semester and will then be the basis of your final grade in PI 10. Below are the class requirements for the lecture and recitation classes with their corresponding weight: LECTURE Requirement 2 Long Exams Integration Video Online Class Participation RECITATION Requirement In-class Activities and Presentation Integration Essay Quizzes Weight 8 5 2 Weight 8 5 3

Thus, for example, you got 12 points out of a 50-item exam, you will have a weighted score of 96. But, by logic, that does not mean that your score increased. More on the Online Class Participation A group was created in Facebook to cater to our needs for further discussions about things we talk about in the lecture. You are required to join that group named Occupy Rizal- PI 10-Y. But joining the said group does not assure you of points for the participation part of your lecture grade. To earn points, you will need to post something or at least leave a comment. An effective post, gauged by the depth of the discussion via comments, gains three points. A substantive comment, on the other hand, gains one point.

Course Outline: Introduction: Who is Rizal? History as OurStory OurStory, OurRizal Bayani at Bayan Nation-building and The Rizal Law Rizal's nation th Rizal's 19 Century Filipinas Creoles as Filipinos, Secularization, Hispanization, The rise of the Ilustrados Propaganda Movement Pasyon and Popular Uprisings Katipunan and the Revolution Rizal's Story Genealogy, Childhood, Early Education A la Juventud Filipina: Poems, Plays, Diaries and Autobiography Transformation of Consciousness: Europe, Calamba, Europe: La Solidaridad, Noli/Fili, Sucesos delas Islas Filipinas Home! La Liga Filipina, Dapitan, Bayani/Hero Enjoy Rizal! on history, society, culture (Philippine Studies) on reform, revolution, nation (Social Change) on religion, morality, individual liberty (Morality and Ethics) on family, women, community (Gender) on science, technology, development (Development) Occupy Rizal! (Enjoy the Filipino nation!) Katipunan's Rizal The Rizal of Mt. Banahaw Rizal for the nation-state Other Rizals Interpreting Rizal: Recto, Agoncillo, Sison, Constantino's, Ileto, Quibuyen, etc. Enjoy Rizal/nation as ourselves: Rizal!: The Variety Show

Course Schedule and Readings: Schedule Week 1 General Topic Specific Topic and/or Activities Essay 1: Sino/Ano si Rizal Readings

Schedule

General Topic

Specific Topic and/or Activities para sa akin?

Readings

Week 2

Introduction

N. Joaquin's Anatomy of the AntiHero (online) Who is Rizal? History as OurStory (on theory of history you can scan through Nietzsche's The Use and Abuse of History for Life or Walter Benjamin's Theses on the Philosophy of History these can be found online) R. Nolasco's Ang Pinagmulan ng Salitang Bayani RA 1425 and A. Ocampo's Recto's Rizal Bill in Rizal Without the Overcoat, see also C. Hau's Introduction to Necessary Fictions Floro Quibuyen's Prologue: Rereading Rizal and Revisioning Philippine Nationalism in A Nation Aborted From N. Joaquin's Manila, My Manila, Part II Chapter 11 and Part III Chapters 1-6, pp. 129-178 (this is an easy and fun read, promise) See also J. Schumacher's Rizal in the Context of 19th Century Philippines in The Making of a Nation V. Rafael's Nationalism, Imagery, and the Filipino Intelligentsia in the 19th Century in Discrepant Histories

Week 3

Week 4

OurStory, OurRizal

Bayani at Bayan Nation-building and The Rizal Law Rizal's nation

Week 5

Rizal's 19th Century Filipinas

Creoles as Filipinos, Secularization, Hispanization, The rise of the Ilustrados Propaganda Movement

Week 6

Pasyon and Popular R. Ileto's Toward a History from Uprisings Below in Pasyon and Revolution Katipunan and the Revolution Rizal's Story Genealogy, Childhood, Early Education A la Juventud Filipina: Poems, Plays, Diaries and Autobiography Selections from A. Coates' Rizal Filipino Nationalist and Patriot L.Ma. Guerrero's The First Filipino G. and S. Zaide's Jose Rizal A. Ocampo's Rizal Without the

Week 7

Schedule

General Topic

Specific Topic and/or Activities Overcoat Transformation of Consciousness: Europe, Calamba, Europe: La Solidaridad, Noli/Fili, Sucesos delas Islas Filipinas

Readings

Week 8

Selections from A. Coates' Rizal Filipino Nationalistand Patriot L.Ma. Guerrero's The First Filipino G. and S. Zaide's Jose Rizal A. Ocampo's Rizal Without the Overcoat F. Quibuyen's A Nation Aborted J. Schumacher's The Propaganda Movement, 1880-1895 SA. Coates' Rizal Filipino Nationalistand Patriot L.Ma. Guerrero's The First Filipino G. and S. Zaide's Jose Rizal A. Ocampo's Rizal Without the Overcoat F. Quibuyen's A Nation Aborted J. Schumacher's The Propaganda Movement, 1880-1895 Noli Me Tangere El Filibusterismo Annotations of Sucesos delas Islas Filipinas Rizal Blumentritt Correspondence R. Mojares' Waiting for Maria Makiling B. Anderson's Prologue: The Rooster's Egg in Under Three Flags F. Quiboyen's The Morga and Reclaiming History in A Nation Aborted A. Ocampo's The Legendary Talent in Rizal without the Overcoat V. Almario's Si Rizal: Nobelista

Week 9

Home!: La Liga Filipina, Dapitan, Bayani/Hero

1st Long Exam 17 January, 2012 Week 10 Enjoy Rizal! on history, society, culture (Philippine Studies)

Week 11

on reform, revolution, nation (Social Change)

Noli Me Tangere El Filibusterismo Annotations of Sucesos delas Islas

Schedule

General Topic

Specific Topic and/or Activities

Readings Filipinas Political and Historical Writings B. Anderson's Chapters 10 and 11 in Spectre of Comparison, pp. 227-262 B. Anderson's Chapters 2 and 3 in Under Three Flags, pp. 27-122 F. Quiboyen's Rizal's Concept of the Filipino Nation in A Nation Aborted N. Joaquin's Why was the Rizal Hero a Creole? in A Question of Heroes

Week 12

on religion, morality, individual liberty (Morality and Ethics) on family, women, community (Gender) on science, technology, development (Development)

Annotations of Sucesos delas Islas Filipinas Political and Historical Writings F. Quiboyen's Rizal and the Recovery of History, Culture and Community in A Nation Aborted R. Ileto's Rizal and the Underside of Philippine History in Filipinos and their Revolution F. Quiboyen's A Grand Narrative of Redemption and Tragedy in A Nation Aborted T. Agoncillo's Revolt of the Masses with guest lectures from the Division of History, Department of Social Sciences Selections from PBN Daroy and D. Feria's Rizal: Contrary Essays P. Melendrez-Cruz and AB Chua's Himalay

Week 13 Occupy Rizal! Katipunan's Rizal (Enjoy the Filipino The Rizal of Mt. Banahaw nation!) Field Trip: Mt. Banahaw (yay!)

Week 14

Rizal for the nation-state Other Rizals Synthesis Paper, Essay 2 submission: Ako ay si Rizal, Ako ay Filipino

Week 15

Interpreting Rizal: Recto, Agoncillo, Sison's, Constantino's, Ileto's, Quibuyen's, etc. Integration Video Submission, the best videos will be shown in the Rizal! (The Variety Show!)

Schedule

General Topic

Specific Topic and/or Activities

Readings Presentations from recit sections

Week 16 Enjoy Rizal/nation Rizal! (The Variety Show!) :P as ourselves!

2nd Long Exam Last Week of Classes

References and Alternative Readings: Agoncillo, T. (1956) Revolt of the Masses: The Story of Bonifacio and the Katipunan. Quezon City: University of the Philippines. _________ . (1990) History of the Filipino People. Malaya Books. Alaras, C. (1988) Pamathalaan: Ang Pagbubukas sa Tipan ng Mahal na Ina. Quezon City: BahaySaliksikan ng Kasaysayan. Almario, V. (1993) Panitikan ng Rebolusyong 1896: Isang Paglingon at Katipunan ng mga Akda nina Bonifacio at Jacinto. Quezon City: University of the Philippines Press. ________. (2008) Si Rizal: Nobelista (Pagbasa sa Noli at Fili Bilang Nobela). Quezon City: The University of the Philippines Press. Anderson, B. (2003) Imagined Communities: Reflections on the Origin and Spread of Nationalism. Pasig City: Anvil Publishing. __________. (2002) The Spectre of Comparisons: Nationalism, Southeast Asia and the World. New York: Verso. __________. (2006) Under Three Flags: Anarchism and the Anti-Colonial Imagination. Pasig City: Anvil Publishing Inc. Arcilla, J. (2001) Rizal and the Emergence of the Philippine Nation. Quezon City: Ateneo University Press. Bonoan, R. (1994) Rizal-Pastells Correspondence. Quezon City: Ateneo de Manila University Press. Coates, A. (1968) Rizal - Filipino Nationalist and Patriot. Manila: Solidaridad Publishng House. Constantino, R. (1975)The Philippines: A Past Revisited. Manila: The Author. Daroy, P. and D. Feria (eds.). (1968) Rizal: Contrary Essays. Quezon City: Guro Books. David, R. (2002) Nation, Self and Citizenship: An Invitation to Philippine Sociology. Quezon City: Sociology, College of Social Sciences and Philosophy, University of the Philipppines. dela Costa, H. (ed., trans. and anno.) (1961) The Trial of Rizal: W.E. Retanas Transcription of the Official Spanish Documents. Quezon City: Ateneo de Manila University Press. Eugenio, D.(comp. and ed.) (2001). The Epics. Quezon City: University of the Philippines Press. Fast, J. and J. Richardson. (1979) Roots of Dependency. Quezon City: Foundation for Nationalist Studies. Galam, R. G. (2008)The Promise of the Nation: Gender, History, and Nationalism in Contemporary Ilokano Literature. Quezon City: Ateneo de Manila University Press. Guerrero, L. M. (1963) The First Filipino. Manila: National Historical Institute. Hau, C. (2000) Necessary Fictions: Philippine Literature and the Nation, 1946-1980. Quezon City: Ateneo de Manila University Press. _____ . (2004) On the Subject of the Nation: Filipino Writings from the Margins 1981 to 2004. Quezon City: Ateneo de Manila University Press. 7

Hessel, E. (1983) The Religious Thought of Jose Rizal. Quezon City: New Day. Ikehata, S. (1968) Jose Rizal: The Development of the National View of History and National Consciousness of the Philippines. The Developing Economies. 6, no. 2: 176-192. Ileto, R. (1979) Pasyon and Revolution: Popular Movements in the Philippines, 1840-1910. Quezon City: Ateneo de Manila University Press. ______. (1998) Filipinos and Their Revolution: Event, Discourse, and Historiography. Quezon City: Ateneo de Manila University Press. Joaquin, N. (2005) A Question of Heroes. Pasig City: Anvil Publishing, Inc. ________. (1999) Manila, My Manila. Makati City: Bookmark. Jose Rizal National Centennial Commision. (1992) The Rizal-Blumentritt Correspondence, Vol. 1. Manila: National Historical Institute. Lumbera, B. (ed.) (2000) Paano Magbasa ng Panitikang Filipino: Mga Babasahing Pangkolehiyo. Quezon City: University of the Philippine Press. Majul, C. (1967)The Political and Constitutional Ideas of the Philippine Revolution. Quezon City: University of the Philippines Press. McCoy, A. (ed.).(2000) Lives at the Margins: Biography of Filipinos Obscure, Ordinary, and Heroic. Quezon City: Ateneo de Manila University Press. Meez, H. (1997) Explorations in Philippine Folklore. Quezon City: Ateneo de Manila University. Melendrez - Cruz, P. and A. Chua (eds.)(1991) Himalay: Kalipunan ng mga Pag-aaral kay Jose Rizal. Manila : Sentrong Pangkultura ng Pilipinas. Mojares, R. (2002) Waiting for Mariang Makiling: Essays in Philippine Cultural History. Quezon City: Ateneo de Manila University Press. Nolasco, R. (1997) Ang Pinagmulan ng Salitang Bayani. Diliman Review. 45: 15-18. Ocampo, A. (1990) Rizal Without the Overcoat. Pasig City: Anvil Publishing Inc. _________. (1992) Makamisa: The Search for Rizals Third Novel. Pasig City: Anvil Publishing, Inc. Ocampo, N. (2002) May Gawa na Kaming Natapus Dini: Si Rizal at ang Wikang Tagalog. Quezon City: Office of the Vice Chancellor for Research and Development, University of the Philippines, Diliman. Quibuyen, F. C. (2008) A Nation Aborted - Rizal, American Hegemony, and Philippine Nationalism. Quezon City: Ateneo de Manila University Press. Quirino, C. (1997) The Great Malayan. Manila: Tahanan Books. Radaic, A. (1999) Rizal. Jose Rizal: Romantico, Realista: Isang Pagsusuring Pampanitikan ng Noli Me Tangere at El Filibusterimo. Isinalin ni Trinidad O. Regala. Pinamatgunutan ni Apolonia B. Chua. Quezon City: University of the Philippine Press. Rafael, V. (1988) Contracting Colonialism: Translation and Christian Conversion in Tagalog Society under Early Spanish Rule. Quezon City: Ateneo de Manila University Press. ________. ed. (1995) Discrepant Histories: Translocal Essays on Filipino Cultures. Philadelphia: Temple University Press. ________. (2006)The Promise of the Foreign: Nationalism and the Techniques of Translation in the Spanish. Pasig City: Anvil Publishing Inc. Rajaretnam, M. (ed.) (1996) Jose Rizal and the Asian Renaissance. Kuala Lumpur and Manila: Institut Kajian Dasar and Solidaridad Pubishing House. Reyes, R. (2009) Love, Passion and Patriotism: Sexuality and the Philippine Propaganda Movement, 1882-1892. Quezon City: Ateneo de Manila University Press. Rizal, J. (1962) Rizals Prose. Manila: National Historical Institute. 8

______. (1964) Political and Historical Writings. Manila: Natioal Historical Institute. ______. (1996) Noli Me Tangere (trans. by SL Locsin)Manila: Bookmark. ______. (1996) El Filibusterismo (trans. by SL Locsin) Manila: Bookmark. ______. Mi Ultimo Adios. http://www.fabulousphilippines.com/mi-ultimo-adios-jose-rizal.html accessed: March 21, 2011. Salazar, Z.(1994) Ang Bayani Bilang Sakripisyo: Pag-aanyo ng Pagkabayani sa Agos ng Kasaysayang Pilipino." Mimeographed typescript.. San Juan, E. (1984) "The Discourse of the Other: A Reading of Rizal's Novels." In Toward a People's Literature. Quezon City: University of the Philippines Press. __________. (1997) Rizal in Our Time. Pasig City: Anvil Publishing Inc.. Schumacher, J. N., SJ. (2002) Rizal and Filipino Nationalism: A New Approach. Philippine Studies. 48, no. 4: 549-71. Sztompka, P. (1993) Great Individuals as Agents of Change. In The Sociology of Social Change. Massachusetts, USA: Blackwell. Zaide, G. and S. Zaide. (1984) Jose Rizal: Buhay, Mga Ginawa at mga Sinulat, Manunulat, Siyentipiko, at Pambansang Bayani. Quezon City: All Nations Publishing.