Sie sind auf Seite 1von 23
11 OVERVIEW OF RENEWABLE ENERGY PROGRAMMES IN INDIA
11
11

OVERVIEW OF RENEWABLE ENERGY PROGRAMMES IN INDIA

Installed Capacity – Power Generation Wind : 14,989 MW Small hydro : 3,154 MW Bio-energy
Installed Capacity – Power Generation
Wind
:
14,989 MW
Small hydro :
3,154 MW
Bio-energy
:
2,936 MW
Thermal
Solar
:
46 MW
100,000
21,125 MW
54.93%
90,000
80,000
70,000
60,000
Hydro
Renewable
50,000
21%
11.65%
40,000
Gas
30,000
Nuclear
9.76%
20,000
2.63%
10,000
0
Total Installed Capacity : 1,81,320MW
Thermal
99, 603 MW
Hydro
Nuclear
Renewable
Gas
38,106 MW
4,780 MW
21,125 MW
17,706 MW
All data as on 31.08.2011
2
Renewable Power Growth Start of 10 th Start of Target 11 th plan Cumulative Plan
Renewable Power Growth
Start of 10 th
Start of
Target
11 th plan
Cumulative
Plan
11 th Plan
11 th Plan
Achvmnt.
Achvmnt.
till
up to 31.8.11
(MW)
(MW)
(MW)
31.08.11
(MW)
(MW)
Wind
1,628
7,092
9,000
7,897
14,989
power
Small
1,434
1,976
1,400
1,178
3,154
Hydro
Bio
389
1,184
1,780
1,752
2,936
power*
Solar
2
3
50**
43
46
Total
3,452
10,255
12,230
10,870
21,125
*Biomass (agri wastes/ residues) + Bagasse Cogen.+ Urban/industrial wastes
** Up-scaled to 1100 MW by March 2013 under NSM.
3

Decentralised RE Systems

1.6 million Solar PV lighting systems/ small plants

7500 nos. SPV pumps

4.63 million sqm. Solar thermal collectors, mainly for

4
4

water

heating/ steam generation/ cooking

4.5 million Family-size biogas plants

1.1 MW Aero-generators/hybrid Systems

130 MW Biomass Gasifiers for rural energy needs

300 MW biomass power (non-bagasse)

70 MW Waste to Energy plants- mainly industry

General Constraints

Intermittent nature

- Low PLFs (17- 70%) –resource/location specific

- Need for storage

- Grid synchronization/ capacity limitations

5
5

Higher capital cost/ MW , esp. Solar vis-à-vis Conventional PPs

Fiscal /financial concessions requirement for financial viability

Involvement of private and forest land

States policies and interest.

Main Strategy

Conducive policy & regulatory framework

Financial/ fiscal incentives; Performance

6
6

based incentivisation

Reduce cost of RE technologies through R&D

Promote decentralized/distributed generation for local energy needs

Policy / Regulatory framework

Electricity Act 2003

- SERCs to fix Renewable Purchase Obligations (RPOs)

7
7

National Electricity Policy 2005/ Tariff Policy 2006 :

- SERCs to fix preferential tariffs

- CERC to lay down guidelines for pricing

- Procurement through competitive bidding process

Integrated Energy Policy 2008

-

Incentives for promoting renewables be linked to outcomes

Wind Power

Potential

:

49,000 MW

Achievement

:

14,989 MW

(as on 31.08. 11)

11 th Plan Target/ Achievement:

9,000 MW/ 7,897 MW 15,000 MW. 15,000 MW. 8
9,000 MW/ 7,897 MW
15,000 MW.
15,000 MW.
8

Deployment target 12 th Plan :

Deployment target 13 th Plan :

Strategy:

GBI scheme to be reviewed after 11 th Plan and continued for 12 th Plan for up to 4,000 MW capacity projects.

Wind Resource activities to be extended to unexplored areas

Development of Off-shore wind power to be explored.

Wind Power

Wind Resource Assessment :

Over 1100 wind monitoring stations in 31States/UTs

9
9

Seven handbooks on Wind Energy Resource published

Wind Atlas for the country has been prepared

Small Hydro Power

Potential

Achievement

:

:

11 th Plan Target/ Achievement:

15000 MW

3154 MW

(as on 31.08. 11)

1400 MW/ 1178 MW 2100 MW. 3000 MW. 10
1400 MW/ 1178 MW
2100 MW.
3000 MW.
10

Deployment target 12 th Plan :

Deployment target 13 th Plan :

Strategy:

Private sector participation

Performance based incentivisation

Potential

Achievement

Biomass Power

:

17000 MW

11 th Plan Target/ Achievement:

: 1082 MW (as on 31.08. 11) 500 MW/ 567 MW 400 MW. 500 MW.
:
1082 MW
(as on 31.08. 11)
500 MW/ 567 MW
400 MW.
500 MW.
11

Deployment target 12 th Plan :

Deployment target 13 th Plan :

Strategy:

Promotion of small capacity biomass projects with biomass linkage and captive plantations.

Bagasse Cogeneration

Potential

Achievement

:

5000 MW

11 th Plan Target/ Achievement:

: 1780 MW (as on 31.08. 11) 1200 MW/ 1155 MW 1400 MW. 1500 MW.
:
1780 MW
(as on 31.08. 11)
1200 MW/ 1155 MW
1400 MW.
1500 MW.
12

Deployment target 12 th Plan :

Deployment target 13 th Plan :

Strategy:

Promotion of BOOT/BOLT model in cooperative sector sugar mills.

Promotion of optimum cogeneration potential in small size

sugar mills (<2500 TCD).

Solar Power Potential : 30-50 MW/ sq. km : 5,000 trillion KWh/year Achievement : 46
Solar Power
Potential
:
30-50 MW/ sq. km
:
5,000 trillion KWh/year
Achievement
:
46 MW
(as on 31.08. 11)
11 th Plan Target/ Achievement:
1100 MW/ 43 MW
+
about 800 MW in pipeline (?)
Deployment target 12 th Plan :
Deployment target 13 th Plan :
4000 MW.
15000 MW.
Strategy:
As approved under Jawaharlal Nehru National Solar Mission.
13
Targets & Achievements Application segment Target for Status Sept., Target March, Phase I 2011 2012
Targets & Achievements
Application segment
Target for
Status Sept.,
Target March,
Phase I
2011
2012
(2010-13)
Grid solar power incl. roof
top & distributed small
grid connected plants
1,000 MW
704 MW allotted
300 MW by
December, 2011
100
MW
98 MW allotted
Off-grid solar applications
200
MW
40.65 MW
sanctioned
Total 100 MW
sanctioned by
March,2012
Solar collectors
7 million sq.
meters
4.63 million sq.
5.7 million sq.
meters
meters total by
March, 2012.
14
JNNSMJNNSM RoadRoad MapMap 25000 In addition, 100 MW capacity distributed 20000 small grid connected power
JNNSMJNNSM RoadRoad MapMap
25000
In addition, 100 MW capacity distributed
20000
small grid connected power plants
20000
during Phase -1.
15000
Grid solar power (MW)
10000
Off-grid Applicationa (MW)
4000
5000
1000
2000
1000
200
0
25
Phase 1
Phase 2
Phase 3
20
20
20
15
Solar thermal collectors
(million sq.m.)
10
10
Solar lighting (million)
10
7
5
5
0
Phase 1
Phase 2
Phase 3
15
Summary of Projections for 2022 Installed Capacities in MW (Cumulative) Source Estimated Achievements Aim for
Summary of Projections for 2022
Installed Capacities in MW (Cumulative)
Source
Estimated
Achievements
Aim for
Aim for
Aim for
Potential
as on 31.08.11
2012
2017
2022
MWeq.
Wind power
49,000
14,989
16,300
31,000
46,000
Small Hydro
15,000
3,154
3,390
5,500
8,000
Biomass Power
16,000
1,084
1,125
1,500
2,500
Bagasse
5,000
1,779
1,866
3,200
4,000
Cogeneration
Waste to Power
2,700
74
104
300
800
Solar Power
> 1,00,000
46
235
4,000
20,000
TOTAL
> 1,87,200
21,126
23,020
45,500
81,300
16
Estimated Contribution to Electricity Mix Source Achievements Aim Aim Aim as on 31.08.11 for for
Estimated Contribution to Electricity Mix
Source
Achievements
Aim
Aim
Aim
as on 31.08.11
for
for
for
2012
2017
2022
Renewable Power
-
MW
21,125
23,000
45,500
81,300
- BU/annum
48
51
96
166
Conventional Power
-
MW
1,60,195
1,78,000
2,63,000
3,63,000
-BU/annum @75%
1052
1170
1728
2385
PLF
Total
1,81,320
2,01,000
3,08,500
4,44,300
1100
1221
1824
2551
Contribution to-
Installed capacity:
11.65%
11.44%
14.75%
18.30%
Electricity Mix:
4.36 %
4.18%
5.26%
6.51%
17
18 2.5 MW Unit of a 10 MW capacity project at Bikaner by ACME
18
18

2.5 MW Unit of a 10 MW capacity project at Bikaner by ACME

55 MWpMWp PowerPower PlantPlant atat KhimsarKhimsar,,

RajasthanRajasthan

19
19

11 MWMW PVPV PlantPlant atat OsamabadOsamabad

20
20

SPVSPV PowerPower PlantPlant atat GoshenGoshen DrassDrass

KargilKargil (40(40 kWpkWp))

21
21

SolarSolar ThermalThermal SystemSystem forfor SteamSteam

GenerationGeneration atat ITCITC Hotel,Hotel, NewNew DDelhielhi

22
22
ThankThank You!You! 2323
ThankThank You!You! 2323
ThankThank You!You!
2323