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English Course Intermediate I/ Teacher: Adelita Francine Rodrigues Unit 2

INTERMEDIATE I - UNIT 2
Have you ever tried it? Exercise 1 Conversation. Listen, Practice and Study. Arquivo Inter 1.2.1 What they have done Listen to Katie and Phil interview for a job on a new adventure TV show. What countries have they visited? Man: Katie, Phil, youre both interviewing for the position of host for our new reality TV show, right? K/P: Thats right / Yes. Man: OK, well this job requires a lot of travel and knowledge of the world. Have you traveled to many places? Katie: Yes, I have. Ive been all over Asia. Phil: Ive been to Asia and South America. Man: Katie, where have you been in Asia? Katie: Well, Ive been a few times: once to China, once to Thailand, and twice to Japan. Man: Youve never been to Korea? Katie: No, I havent. Phil: I have. And Ive been to China, Japan, and Singapore. Man: What about South America? Have you been to Peru? Phil: Ive never been to Peru, but I lived in Chile for a summer when I was in high school. From there I traveled to Brazil. Man: Now, our show is a little crazy, so its important for you to know how to do different kinds of things. Have you ever driven a sports car? Katie: A sports car? Um, no, I havent. Phil: I have. Man: Have your ever sung karaoke? Katie: Yes, I went to a lot of karaoke bars in Japan. Phil: Uhno. I dont like karaoke. Man: Have you eaten many different kinds of food? Phil: No, not really. Katie: Yes, Ive tried many exotic foods, mostly in Thailand. I love Japanese food, too. Man: Have you ever been on a camping trip in the mountains? Katie: Yes, I hiked in China for three days, and Ive been camping here in the U.S. Phil: Uh, no, Ive never been camping. Man: And have you ever ridden an elephant? Katie: Yes, in Thailand! Phil: Well, no. Im, uh, afraid of elephants. Man: OK, thats all, Katie and Phil. Thank you for your time. Well be in touch with you soon. Exercise 2 Take from exercise 1 the sentences that mean: a. Did you travel to a lot of sites? b. I went to all parts of Asia. c. I went to China, Japan and Singapore. d. Did you ever drive a sports car? e. Did you ever sing karaoke? Have you traveled to many place? I've (I have) benn all over asia I've been to china, japan and singapore Have you ever driven a sports car? Have your ever sung karaoke?

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English Course Intermediate I/ Teacher: Adelita Francine Rodrigues Unit 2

f. Did you eat a lot of different type of food? Have you eaten many different kinds of food? g. I tried a lot of exotic food. h. Did you ever ride an elephant? Exercise 3 Ive tried many exotic foods Have you ever ridden an elephant?

Present Perfect I (past events)

We use the Present Perfect to say that an action happened at an unspecified time before now. The exact time is not important. We CANT use the Present Perfect with specific time expressions such as: yesterday, last week, at that moment, etc. In this case we have to use the simple past. The Present Perfect indicates past events too, however it is used when the action is important and no the time. Take a look at the examples: - Ive been all over Asia. --- Present Perfect (this happened and it doesnt matter when) - I went all over Asia last month --- Simple Past (it is important to mention when it happened) - Susy has eaten all different kinds of food you can imagine --- Present Perfect (the important thing to mention is the experience, no when it happened). - Susy ate too much past at lunch today, thats why shes not feeling well. --- Simple Past (the time here is important to be mentioned). So, one of the uses of the present perfect is: to express past, but when time is not mentioned. = Look at how we form a sentence in the present perfect tense: I, you, we, they + have + participle of main verb. Example: I / you / Dad and I / Our neighbors have ridden not only horses, but camels and elephants too. He, she, it + has + participle of main verb. Example: Brian / Laura / The dog has gone up the stairs very quickly. = have and has are just auxiliary verbs, so they are not translated. The verb after then (which is in the past participle) is translated in the past tense. = It is possible to use the contracted form: Have = `ve / has = `s

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English Course Intermediate I/ Teacher: Adelita Francine Rodrigues Unit 2

Examples: -Weve planned all the details of our trip. - Megs driven up to there, not her husband. In negative sentences we use: HAVE NOT or HAVENT + Past participle of main verb. HAS NOT or HASNT + Past participle of main verb. Examples: - Marie hasnt bought the tickets there. - Our relatives havent called us before coming. Considering HAVE and HAS are just auxiliary verbs, they are used in the short answers. Examples: - Have the students done the homework? - Yes, they have / No, they havent. - Has Jessica brought the food? - Yes, she has / No, she hasnt. To ask questions the auxiliary verbs HAVE and HAS are placed before the subject. Examples: - Have the boys showed up? - Has he sung my favorite song? Exercise 4 Complete the following sentences using the present perfect form of the verb (HAVE / HAS + past participle). - Has (He, She e It) a. My wife and I have eaten at that restaurant before. (to eat) b. She says she has been in Alaska twice. (to be) c. The weather has turned cold, dont you think. (to turn) d. The teacher has assigned more than ten pages of homework. (to assign) e. Mrs. Davidson has taught me my first English words. (to teach) f. The directors have gone to Europe on business. (to go) g. My siblings have bought a red sports car. (to buy) h. She says she has used that scene, but I really dont believe it. (to use) i. All this damage was caused by the severe snowstorm we have had. (to have). Exercise 5 Use the constructions from the chart below to fill in the gaps and then form negative sentences in the Present Perfect. Three of them wont be used. havent forgotten hasnt bought (comprei) havent cleaned hasnt washed hasnt repaired havent done hasnt made (feito) havent seen (visto) hasnt feed (alimentar)

a. Sarah hasn't washed the dishes. b. The kids havent cleaned the kitchen claiming they weren't responsible for all that mess. c. I know Bob hasn't made the bed just to suggest I have to do it.

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English Course Intermediate I/ Teacher: Adelita Francine Rodrigues Unit 2

d. Jack and Steve are prohibited to use the computer for a week their mother found out they haven't done the homework. e. The dogs are starving! Luigi hasn't fed them, for sure! f. The auto-mechanich hasn't repaired the car properly. Listen to this noise! Exercise 6 Rearrange the words to ask questions: a. books / Bianca / has / how many / so far / read How many books has Bianca read so far? b. Maureen / paid / you / has / back Has Maureen paid you back c. have / why / her / that story / you / told Why have you told her that story? d. you guys / have / my backpack / seen Have you guys seen my backpack? e. written / your daughter / by herself / has / this poem has Your daugther written this poem by herself? f. to avoid it / have / the drivers / what / done What Have the drivers done to avoid it? Exercise 7 Listening Arquivo Inter 1.2.7 Listen to the dialogue between Peter and Mandy. Decide if the sentences are true (T) or false (F). a. ( T ) Mandy hasnt chosen a restaurant to go to. b. ( F ) Peter has eaten Moroccan food many times. c. ( T ) Mandy has had Thai food. d. ( T ) Mandy has lived in Thailand. Exercise 8 Present Perfect I - words commonly used with it.

Go over the next sentences taken from the first exercise: - Ive never been to Peru. - Have you ever driven a sports car? Some words are generally used with the present perfect tense because in a way they make clear the importance of the action which is being discussed and not the time of it. NEVER, EVER and ALREADY are the most common ones. NEVER is used in sentences which convey a negative meaning, EVER in interrogative sentences and ALREADY in affirmative sentences. Observe the example: Jimmy: Have you ever ridden a camel, Bia? Bia: A camel? No, Ive never had that opportunity. But, you know, Ive already done exciting things as well.

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English Course Intermediate I/ Teacher: Adelita Francine Rodrigues Unit 2

Jimmy: Such what? Bia: Well, Ive already fed a lion. Believe it? Jimmy: This is insane! Bia: Id say it was thrilling. Important: NEVER, EVER, and ALREADY are always placed between the auxiliary verb (HAS/ HAVE) and the main verb. Exercise 9 Use the verb in parentheses and NEVER (negative) , EVER (question) (affimartive) to fill in the gaps. 1. A: Have you ever been to a picnic at the beach? (to be) B: Yes, I have. Ive already had picnic at the most incredible places. (to have) A: Spare me your weird stories, please. 2. A: Has Meg ever tried sushi? (to try) B: Well, Im sure she has never eaten it. Definitely, she cant stand seafood, not to mention raw fish! 3. A: Have you guys ever sung in a karaoke bar? (to sing) B: Yes, we have. Weve already gone to all karaoke bars in town. (to go) 4. A: Have you ever lost something valuable? (to lose) B: No, it has never happened to me. I think Id go crazy if it had. (to happen) Exercise 10 Listening Arquivo Inter 1.2.10 Listen to Jamie talk about things she has done related to a trip she has taken. Check the things that have really happened. ( ( ( ( ( ( ( ( X ) She has won a contest. X ) She has never flown on a plane. X ) She has already stayed at an expensive hotel. ) She has met a famous person. X ) She has gone windsurfing. ) She has lost her wallet. X ) She has never been seasick. X ) She has kept a diary. or ALREADY

Exercise 11 Read the texts below. Find seven examples of the present perfect and write them in the chart. Translate them.

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English Course Intermediate I/ Teacher: Adelita Francine Rodrigues Unit 2

I love being self-employed. Ive been to about forty countries and Ive stayed in some of the worlds best hotels. Ive written travel articles about lots of amazing places two weeks ago I went to Mexico and last month I spent five days in Barbados, in the Caribbean. But Ive never been to Australia. Id love to go there one day, when I have time but for a holiday, not for work!

Weve had lots of other jobs. Three years ago Guy was a teacher and I worked in an office. But rather be self-employed and we love having our own restaurant. Weve met some really interesting people last year the Prime Minister had dinner here! But its very hard work and Guy and I have never had a holiday together. We might go to Miami next year Guy hasnt been to the USA before.

Present Perfect Verb


1. Ive been to about forty countries and Ive stayed in some of the worlds best hotels 2. Ive written travel articles about lots of amazing places 3. But Ive never been to Australia 4. Weve had lots of other jobs 5.Weve met some really interesting people 6. I have never had a holiday together 7. Guy hasnt been to the USA before.

Translation
Eu estive a cerca de 40 pases. e eu fiquei em alguns dos melhores hotis do mundo Eu escrevi artigos de viagem sobre um monte de lugares incrveis Mas eu nunca fui para a Austrlia Tivemos muitos outros empregos. Eu conheci algumas pessoas realmente interessantes Eu nunca tive um feriado juntos Guy no esteve para os USA antes.

We've met ns conhecemos Exercise 12 Look at the phrases and write six sentences about your experiences. They can be positive or negative. Observe the model: - work in a restaurant Ive already worked in a restaurant. or Ive never worked in a restaurant. go to the UK I havent gone to the UK. or I have never gone to the UK.

a. see a French movie I've never seen a French movie. b. stay in an expensive hotel I've already stayed in a expensive hotel c. work in a store I've never worked in a store. d. meet somebody from another country I've already met somebody from another country. e. be on the television/ the radio I've never been on the television

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English Course Intermediate I/ Teacher: Adelita Francine Rodrigues Unit 2

FOR FURTHER PRACTICE EXERCISES


Read the text about Lochness. Loch Ness Loch Ness is a lake between the Scottish towns of Inverness and Fort Augustus. The word loch is Scottish for lake. Loch Ness is about 37 km long and extremely deep, the deepest part is 226 m. Loch Ness is famous for its friendly monster, Nessie. Most people think that this is only a legend, but every year tourists from all over the world come to Loch Ness and hope that they will see the monster.

Exercise 13 - Now, use the verbs from the chart below in the present perfect tense to complete the sentences. promise come see (not) be appear

a. Tourists from all over the world have been to Loch Ness. b. Most of them havent seen Nessie, however. c. Only very few people say that the Loch Ness Monster has appeared in front of them. d. Even scientists have come from different parts of the world, hoping to find the monster. e. And the boss of the Guinness brewery has promised to pay 500,000 pounds to the person who catches Nessie. Exercise 14 Write questions for the next answers. 1. A: Have you ever watched A lagoa Azul? B: Yes, I have. Ive watched it many times. 2. A: Has Maria Clara ever lived in the USA? B: No, she hasnt. She has never lived there. 3. A: Have your kids given you a birthday present? B: Yes, they have. The kids have given me a bottle of French perfume. 4. A: Have you ever eaten oysters? B: No, I havent. Ive never eaten oysters. 5. A: Has Adriano ever camped out? B: Yes, he has. Hes camped out many times. 6. A: Have you ever ridden a motorcycle?

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English Course Intermediate I/ Teacher: Adelita Francine Rodrigues Unit 2

B: Yes, I have. I once rode my brothers motorcycle. Answer key Exercise 13 a. have been b. havent seen c. has appeared d. have come e. has promised Exercise 14 (suggested answers) a. Have you ever watched/ seen The Matrix? b. Has Bia ever lived in the Netherlands? c. Have your children given you a birthday present? d. Have you ever eaten oysters? / Have you ever tried oysters? e. Has Robert ever camped out? / Has Robert ever gone camping? f. Have you ever ridden a motorcycle?