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This one gets it's own entry because of the list below. Each item represend a fo rm of poetry.

They are in no paticular order but they are all forms I want to tr y. Abcedarian A poem having verses/words beginning with successive letters of the alphabet. Ballad The first ballads appeared in the 15th century telling a story. They were often in the form of popular songs and have simple rhyme schemes and regular rhythm. T hey are iambic and some have a chorus or refrain. Popular rhyme schemes are a b c b; and a b c b d b. Ballade The Ballade is a French form composed of three stanzas of eight lines and an env oy of four lines, with the last line of each stanza a refrain. It is usually iam bic and the most common line lengths are eight or ten syllables. The rhyme schem e is ababbcbC ababbcbC ababbcbC bcbC. Blank verse Poetry that is written in unrhymed iambic pentameter. Blank verse is often unobt rusive and the iambic pentameter form often resembles the rhythms of ordinary sp eech. Shakespeare wrote most of his plays in blank verse. Burlesque Burlesque is a story, play, or essay, that treats a serious subject ridiculously , or is simply a trivial story Canzone A medieval Italian lyric poem, with five or six stanzas and a shorter concluding stanza (or envoy). Carpe diem A Latin expression that means "seize the day." Carpe diem poems have the theme o f living for today. Cinquain The traditional cinquain is based on a syllable count. line 1 - 2 syllables line 2 - 4 syllables line 3 - 6 syllables line 4 - 8 syllables line 5 - 2 syllables The modern cinquain is based on a word count of words of a certain type. line 1 - one word (noun) a title or name of the subject line 2 - two words (adjectives) describing the title line 3 - three words (verbs) describing an action related to the title line 4 - four words describing a feeling about the titlem, a complete sentence line 5 - one word referring back to the title of the poem Classicism The principles and ideals of beauty that are characteristic of Greek and Roman a rt, architecture, and literature. Examples of classicism in poetry can be found in the works of John Dryden and Alexander Pope, which are characterized by their formality, simplicity, and emotional restraint. Couplet A couplet has rhyming stanzas each made up of two lines. Shakespearean sonnets u

sually end in a couplet. Elegy A sad and thoughtful poem lamenting the death of a person. An example of this ty pe of poem is Thomas Gray's "Elegy Written in a Country Churchyard." Epic A long, serious poem that tells the story of a heroic figure. Two of the most fa mous epic poems are the Iliad and the Odyssey by Homer and the epic poem of Hiaw atha. Epigram A very short, satirical and witty poem usually written as a brief couplet or qua train. The term epigram is derived from the Greek word epigramma, meaning inscri ption.The epigram was cultivated in the late sixteenth and seventeenth centuries by poets like Ben Jonson and John Donne Epitaph An epitaph is a commemorative inscription on a tomb or mortuary monument written in praise of a deceased person Epithalamium (or Epithalamion) A wedding poem written in honour of a bride and bridegroom. Free verse (also vers libre) Poetry composed of either rhymed or unrhymed lines that have no set fixed metric al pattern or expectation. Haiku A haiku is an unrhymed 17 syllable poem of Japanese origin. It usually has a sea sonal reference.The structure is: line 1 - 5 syllables line 2 - 7 syllables line 3 - 5 syllables Idyll, or Idyl Either a short poem depicting a peaceful, idealized country scene, or a long poe m that tells a story about heroes of a bye gone age. Lay A lay is a long narrative poem, especially one that was sung by medieval minstre ls called trouvres. Limerick A short sometimes bawdy, humorous poem of consisting of five anapaestic lines. L ines 1, 2, and 5 of a Limerick have seven to ten syllables and rhyme with one an other. Lines 3 and 4 have five to seven syllables and also rhyme with each other . Lyric A poem, such as a sonnet or an ode, that expresses the thoughts and feelings of the poet. The term lyric is now generally referred to as the words to a song. Acrostic A verse in which certain letters such as the first in each line form a word or a message Narrative Poetry Ballads, epics, and lays are different kinds of narrative poems.

Pastoral A poem that depicts rural life in a peaceful, idealized way for example of sheph erds or country life. Quatrain A stanza or poem of four lines. Lines 2 and 4 must rhyme. Lines 1 and 3 may or may not rhyme. Rhyming lines should have a similar number of syllables. Rhyme A rhyme has the repetition of the same or similar sounds at the end of two or mo re words most often at the ends of lines. There are several derivatives of this term which include double rhyme, Triple rhyme, rising rhyme, falling rhyme, Perf ect and imperfect rhymes. Rhyme royal A type of poetry introduced by Geoffrey Chaucer consisting of stanzas of seven l ines in iambic pentameter. Romanticism Nature and love were a major themes of Romanticism favoured by 18th and 19th cen tury poets such as Byron, Shelley, and Keats. Emphasis was placed on the persona l experiences of the individual. Senryu A senryu is a three line Japanese poem structurally similar to haiku. It is unrh ymed and the subject is based human nature. It is usually satirical or ironic. line 1 - 5 syllables line 2 - 7 syllables line 3 - 5 syllables Tanka Tanka is a form of unrhymed Japanese poetry, with five sections totalling 31 onj i (phonological units identical to morae), structured in a 5-7-5 7-7 pattern. Th ere is generally a shift in tone and subject matter between the upper 5-7-5 phra se and the lower 7-7 phrase. Terza rima A type of poetry consisting of 10 or 11 syllable lines arranged in three-line "t ercets". The poet Dante is credited with inventing terza rima and it has been us ed by many English poets including Chaucer, Milton, Shelley, and Auden. Sonnet The Shakespearian sonnet, also known as the English Sonnet, is written in fourte en lines of in iambic pentameter. It uses alternative rhyme connecting different images and a final couplet forming a conclusion. The Shakespearean sonnet is fl exible in its volta, or turning point, (Shakespeare often used line 9), and has a rhyme scheme of abab,cdcd,efef,gg.. Verse A single metrical line of poetry, or poetry in general (as opposed to prose). Climbing Rhyme Burmese poetry has a long and distinguished history. Classical Burmese poetry co mes in many lengths and forms, but most of it is characterized by a repeated seq uence of 3 internally-rhymed lines consisting of 4 syllables each a pattern that h

as become known as Climbing Rhyme. Most Burmese patterns employ a scheme of internal rhyme: the same rhyme appears in the 4th syllable of line 1, the 3rd syllable of line 2 and the 2nd syllable o f line 3. This is called the 4-3-2 scheme; its characteristic stairstep gave ris e to its name, climbing rhyme. The last syllable of line 3 begins a new series o f rhymes, continuing the 4-3-2 pattern. Dodoitsu The Dodoitsu is a fixed folk song form of Japanese origin and is often about lov e or humor. It has 26 syllables made of of four lines of 7, 7, 7, 5 syllables re spectively. It is unrhymed and non-metrical. Ghazal The ghazal (Arabic: ghazal, Persian: ghazel, Turkish/Azerbaijani: gazel, Urdu: g azal, Bengali/Sylheti: gozol) is a form of poetry common in Arabic, Persian, Tur kish, Azerbaijani, Urdu and Bengali poetry. In classic form, the ghazal has from five to fifteen rhyming couplets that share a refrain at the end of the second line. This refrain may be of one or several syllables, and is preceded by a rhym e. Each line has an identical meter. Each couplet forms a complete thought and s tands alone, and the overall ghazal often reflects on a theme of unattainable lo ve or divinity. The last couplet generally includes the signature of the author. The Haibun a linked form. The link is between narrative, prose sections and one or more hai ku. "wide range of styles and content. minimal repetition of words and phrases; "what is written is tightly constructed ". strong haiku that can stand alone as poetry. "Haiku ... relate to previous prose sections yet not be an extension of the pros e. The oblique but relevant association between haiku and prose is the defining moment of the haibun. ... The haiku link offers readers a springboard to multipl e, and often unexpected, meanings." Pantoum In a traditional Pantoum: The lines are grouped into quatrains (4-line stanzas). The final line of the Pantoum must be the same as its first line. A Pantoum has any number of quatrains. Lines may be of any length. The Pantoum has a rhyme scheme of abab in each quatrain. Thus, the lines rhyme a lternately. The Pantoum says everything twice: For all quatrains except the first, the first line of the current quatrain repea ts the second line in the preceeding quatrain; and the third line of the current quatrain repeats the fourth line of the preceeding quatrain. In addition, for the final quatrain, its second line repeats the (so-far unrepea ted) third line in the first quatrain; and its last line repeats the (so-far unr epeated) first line of the first quatrain. Thus the pattern of line-repetition is as follows, where the lines of the first quatrain are represented by the numbers "1 2 3 4": 1 2 5 7 2 5 7 9 3 4 6 8 4 6 8 10 Lines Lines Lines Lines in in in in first quatrain. second quatrain. third quatrain. fourth quatrain.

9 3 10 1

- Lines in fifth and final quatrain.

In this example, we have 5 quatrains. You could have more. You could have fewer. Than-Bauk A Than-Bauk, conventionally a witty saying or epigram, is a three line "climbing rhyme" poem of Burmese origin. Each line has four syllables. The rhyme is on th e fourth syllable of the first line, the third syllable of the second line, and the second syllable of the third line. Jintishi The jintishi is a Chinese poetic form based on a series of set tonal patterns us ing the four tones of Middle Chinese in each couplet: the level, rising, departi ng and entering tones. The basic form of the jintishi has eight lines in four co uplets, with parallelism between the lines in the second and third couplets. The couplets with parallel lines contain contrasting content but an identical gramm atical relationship between words. Jintishi often have a rich poetic diction, fu ll of allusion, and can have a wide range of subject, including history and poli tics. One of the masters of the form was Du Fu, who wrote during the Tang Dynast y (8th century). There are several variations on the basic form of the jintishi. Sestina The sestina has six stanzas, each comprising six unrhymed lines, in which the wo rds at the end of the first stanza s lines reappear in a rolling pattern in the ot her stanzas. The poem then ends with a three-line stanza in which the words agai n appear, two on each line. Villanelle The villanelle has 19 lines, 5 stanzas of three lines and 1 stanza of four lines with two rhymes and two refrains. The 1st, then the 3rd lines alternate as the last lines of stanzas 2,3,and 4, and then stanza 5 (the end) as a couplet. It is usually written in tetrameter (4 feet) or pentameter.The structure is: line 1 - a - 1st refrain line 2 - b line 3 - a - 2nd refrain line 4 - a line 5 - b line 6 - a - 1st refrain (same as line 1) line 7 - a line 8 - b line 9 - a - 2nd refrain (same as line 2) line 10 - a line 11 - b line 12 - a - 1st refrain (same as line 1) line 13 - a line 14 - b line 15 - a - 2nd refrain (same as line 2) line line line line 16 17 18 19 a b a - 1st refrain (same as line 1) a - 2nd refrain (same as line 2)

Rondeau The rondeau consists of three stanzas, a quintet (5 lines), a quatrain (4 lines) and a sestet (6 lines). The first phrase of the first line usually sets the ref rain (R), but sometimes the refrain can be the whole of the first line. The stru cture is: line line line line line line line line line line line line line line line 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 a (R)(normally the first phrase is the refrain) a b b a a a b R a a b b a R

Rondelet The rondelet is a french form consisting of two rhymes contained in a seven line stanza. Line one is the exact same as the 3rd and 7th lines. The structure is: line line line line line line line 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 4 8 4 8 8 8 4 syllables syllables syllables syllables syllables syllables syllables A (the same as line 3 and 7) b A a b b A

Triolet A triolet is an eight line poem or stanza with a set rhyme scheme. Line four and line seven are the same as line one, and line eight is the same as line two. Th e rhyme scheme is ABaAabAB. line line line line line line line 1 3 4 5 6 7 8 Aline 2 a A (line a b A (line B (line - B 1) 1) 2)

Ode Odes were first developed by poets writing in ancient Greek, such as Pindar,[72] and Latin, such as Horace. Forms of odes appear in many of the cultures that we re influenced by the Greeks and Latins.[73] The ode generally has three parts: a strophe, an antistrophe, and an epode. The antistrophes of the ode possess simi lar metrical structures and, depending on the tradition, similar rhyme structure s. In contrast, the epode is written with a different scheme and structure. Odes have a formal poetic diction, and generally deal with a serious subject. The st rophe and antistrophe look at the subject from different, often conflicting, per spectives, with the epode moving to a higher level to either view or resolve the

underlying issues. Odes are often intended to be recited or sung by two choruse s (or individuals), with the first reciting the strophe, the second the antistro phe, and both together the epode. Over time, differing forms for odes have devel oped with considerable variations in form and structure, but generally showing t he original influence of the Pindaric or Horatian ode. One non-Western form whic h resembles the ode is the qasida in Persian poetry. Clerihew A clerihew is 'a humorous pseudo-biographical quatrain, rhymed as two couplets, with lines of uneven length more or less in the rhythm of prose". The name of th e subject is usually at the end of the first line (sometimes the second line) an d is well known. The humour of the clerihew is whimsical rather than satiric. Concrete poetry Concrete (or shape) poetry is an inventive form where the poetry takes on the sh ape of its subject. Diamonte The diamonte is fun and easy to write. The purpose is to go from the subject at the top of the diamond to another totally different (and sometimes opposite) sub ject at the bottom. The structure is line 1 - one noun (subject #1) line 2 - two adjectives (describing subject #1) line 3 - three participles (ending in -ing, telling about the subject #1) line 4 - four nouns (first two related to the subject #1, second two related to subject #2) line 5 - three participles (ending in -ing, telling about subject #2) line 6 - two adjectives (describing subject #2) line 7 - one noun (subject #2) Kyrielle The Kyrielle is a French form written in quatrains. Each quatrain contains a rep eated line or phrase as a refrain. It has a meter usually composed of eight syll ables per line but it can be varied. There is no limit to the number of stanzas, but three is generally the minumum. The normal structure is a/a/b/B, c/c/b/B, d/d/b/B. with B being the repeated lin e.A varied structure could be a/b/a/B, c/b/c/B, d/b/d/B. etc.or even a second li ne that did not rhyme at all. a/e/a/Z etc. Nonet A nonet has nine lines. The first line has nine syllables, the second line eight syllables, the third line seven syllables, etc... until line nine that finishes with one syllable. It can be on any subject and rhyming is optional. line line line line line line line line line 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 syllables syllables syllables syllables syllables syllables syllables syllables syllables

Parallelismus Membrorum Parallelismus Membrorum is of traditional Hebrew origin. It has lines of paralle l construction and presents antitheses and complementary extensions. The lines a re usually short and contain three or four words.

Quatern A Quatern is a sixteen line French form composed of four quatrains. It is simila r to the Kyrielle and the Retourne. It has a refrain that is in a different plac e in each quatrain. The first line of stanza one is the second line of stanza tw o, third line of stanza three, and fouth line of stanza four. A quatern has eigh t syllables per line. It does not have to be iambic or follow a set rhyme scheme . line line line line line line line line line line line line line line line line 1 2 3 4 5 6 (line 1) 7 8 9 10 11 (line 1) 12 13 14 15 16 (line 1)

Rictameter A rictameter is a nine line poetry form. The 1st and last lines are the same wit h the syllable count as follows: line line line line line line line line line 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 2 syllables - same as line 9 4 syllables 6 syllables 8 syllables 10 syllable 8 syllables 6 syllables 4 syllables 2 syllables - same as line 1

Tetracty Tetractys should express a complete thought, profound or comic, witty or wise us ing 20 syllables. They can be written with more than one verse but each subseque nt verse must invert the syllable count. There is no limit to the number of vers es. The structure is: line line line line line 1 2 3 4 5 1 syllable 2 syllables 3 syllables 4 syllables 10 syllables

Tyburn A tyburn is a six line poem with a set syllable count.The first four lines rhyme and are all descriptive words. The last two lines rhyme and incorporate the 1st , 2nd, 3rd, and 4th lines as the 5th to 8th syllables. The structure is:

line line line line line line

1 2 3 4 5 6

2 2 2 2 9 9

syllables syllables syllables syllables syllables syllables