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Country statistical profile: Turkey 2010

Unit

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

Production and income


Gross domestic product (GDP)

Bln USD curr. PPPs

561.1

572.1

587.7

688.5

781.2

873.7

938.7

991.7

GDP per capita

USD current PPPs

8 615

8 667

8 789

10 164

11 391

12 585

13 362

13 952

Gross national income (GNI) per capita

USD current PPPs

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

Household disposable income

Annual growth %

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

Annual growth %

-5.7

6.2

5.3

9.4

8.4

6.9

4.7

0.9

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

% of GDP

15.9

16.7

17.0

20.3

21.0

22.3

21.4

19.9

Economic growth
Real GDP growth
Net saving rate in household disposable income
Gross fixed capital formation

Economic structure
Real value added: agriculture, forestry, fishing

Annual growth %

-7.9

8.8

-2.0

2.8

7.2

1.4

-6.7

3.5

Real value added: industry

Annual growth %

-9.1

4.6

7.8

11.8

8.7

10.2

5.8

-0.7

Real value added: services

Annual growth %

-0.2

4.4

3.7

9.6

8.6

7.2

6.4

2.7
..

Government deficits and debt


Government deficit

% of GDP

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

General government debt

% of GDP

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

General government revenues

% of GDP

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

General government expenditures

% of GDP

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

Public expenditure on health

% of GDP

3.8

4.1

4.3

4.3

4.1

4.1

4.1

..

Private expenditure on health

% of GDP

..

..

..

..

..

..

1.6

..

Public social expenditure

% of GDP

..

..

13.5

13.6

13.7

..

..

..

Private social expenditure

% of GDP

..

..

0.0

0.0

0.0

..

..

..

Public pension expenditure

% of GDP

..

..

..

..

6.3

..

..

..

Private pension expenditure

% of GDP

..

..

..

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.1

Net official development assistance (Aid)

% of GNI

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

Total tax revenue

% of GDP

26.1

24.6

25.9

24.1

24.3

24.5

23.7

23.5

Taxes on income and profits

% of GDP

7.5

6.1

6.1

5.3

5.3

5.3

5.6

5.7

Taxes on goods and services

% of GDP

10.5

11.5

12.8

11.5

12.0

11.9

11.3

10.8

Taxes on the average worker

% of labour cost

43.6

42.5

42.2

42.8

42.8

42.7

42.7

39.7

Expenditure

Taxes

Trade
Trade in goods and services

% of GDP

25.4

24.4

23.5

24.9

23.6

25.1

24.9

26.1

Goods trade balance: exports minus imports of goods

Bln USD

-10.1

-15.5

-22.1

-34.4

-43.3

-54.0

-62.8

-70.0

Imports of goods

Bln USD

41.4

51.3

69.3

97.5

116.8

139.6

170.1

202.0

Exports of goods

Bln USD

31.3

35.8

47.3

63.1

73.5

85.5

107.3

132.0

Service trade balance: exports minus imports of services

Bln USD

9.1

7.9

10.5

12.8

15.3

13.7

13.3

17.5

Imports of services

Bln USD

6.1

6.1

7.4

10.1

11.4

11.7

15.3

17.3

Exports of services

Bln USD

15.2

14.0

18.0

22.9

26.8

25.4

28.6

34.8

Current account balance of payments

% of GDP

1.9

-0.3

-2.5

-3.7

-4.6

-6.0

-5.9

-5.7

Foreign direct investment (FDI)


Outward FDI stocks

Mln USD

..

..

..

7 060

8 315

8 866

12 210

..

Inward FDI stocks

Mln USD

..

..

..

38 523

71 299

95 078

157 649

..

Inflows of foreign direct investment

Mln USD

3 352

1 082

1 702

2 785

10 031

20 185

22 046

18 171

Outflows of foreign direct investment

Mln USD

497

143

480

780

1 064

924

2 106

2 585
10.4

Prices and interest rates


Inflation rate: all items

Annual growth %

54.4

45.0

21.6

8.6

8.2

9.6

8.8

Inflation rate: all items non food non energy

Annual growth %

51.1

43.2

21.8

10.3

8.5

9.2

7.5

7.1

Inflation rate: food

Annual growth %

49.1

49.6

22.7

6.8

4.9

9.7

12.4

12.8

Inflation rate: energy

Annual growth %

92.2

45.7

18.2

4.7

14.7

11.3

6.3

22.4

Producer Price Indices (PPI): manufacturing

Annual growth %

66.7

48.3

23.8

11.0 |

9.6

9.3

5.6

11.8

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

Long-term interest rates

Purchasing power and exchange rates


Purchasing power parities

TRY per USD

0.43

0.61

0.77

0.81

0.83

0.87

0.90

0.96

Exchange rates

TRY per USD

1.23

1.51

1.50

1.43

1.34

1.43

1.30

1.30

Indices of price levels

OECD = 100

39

45

53

56

61

60

66

68

Energy supply and prices


Total primary energy supply (TPES)
Total primary energy supply per capita
TPES per unit of GDP at 2000 prices and PPPs
Renewables' contribution to total primary energy supply
Crude oil import prices

Mtoe

70.4

74.2

77.8

80.9

84.4

93.0

100.0

96.5

Toe per capita

1.03

1.07

1.10

1.13

1.17

1.27

1.35

1.29
0.11

Toe per '000 USD

0.13

0.13

0.13

0.12

0.11

0.12

0.12

13.3

13.5

12.9

13.3

12.0

11.2

9.6

9.5

USD per barrel

22.98

23.57

27.05

34.90

50.65

61.48

68.59

98.07

COUNTRY STATISTICAL PROFILES: KEY TABLES FROM OECD OECD 2010

Country statistical profile: Turkey 2010


Unit

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

Information and Communications Technology (ICT)


ICT investment in non-residential fixed capital formation

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

ICT related occupations: total employment

..

..

..

..

..

..

11.8

..
..

Households with access to the Internet

..

..

..

7.0

7.7

..

..

..

Environment
Water abstractions

Mln m3

..

..

..

..

..

..

42 377

..

Fish landings in domestic and foreign ports

'000 tonnes

484

523

463

505

380

489

589

..

Aquaculture

'000 tonnes

67

61

79

94

118

129

140

..

Municipal waste total

'000 tonnes

..

..

..

..

..

..

30 000

..

Municipal waste per capita


CO2 emissions from fuel combustion

Kg
Mln tonnes

..

..

..

..

..

..

430

..

182

192

202

207

216

240

265

..
..

Education
Tertiary attainment in population aged 25-64

..

..

..

..

..

..

10.8

Tertiary entry rates in peer age groups

20.4

22.6

23.3

25.6

27.0

31.0

29.0

..

Tertiary graduation rates in population at graduation age

9.4

10.3

10.5

10.8

11.2

15.2

..

..
30.3

Employment
Employment rate in population aged 15-24

35.3

33.0

30.5

31.6

31.2

30.8

30.2

Employment rate in population aged 25-54

55.5

54.6

54.0

54.1

54.1

54.2

53.2

53.5

Employment rate in population aged 55-64

35.9

35.3

32.7

33.1

30.8

30.1

27.1

27.4

Incidence of part-time employment

6.2

6.6

6.0

6.6

5.8

7.9

8.4

8.4

Self-employment rate: total civilian employment

52.8

50.2

49.4

49.2

45.8

43.5

39.6

39.0

Self-employment rate, men: male civilian employment

47.5

45.1

44.5

45.0

42.2

40.0

36.8

36.1

Self-employment rate, women: female civilian employment

66.8

63.0

61.9

60.7

56.2

53.3

47.6

46.8
9.8

Unemployment
Unemployment rate: total civilian labour force

..

..

..

..

..

8.4

8.6

Unemployment rate, men: male civilian labour force

..

..

..

..

..

8.4

8.6

9.7

Unemployment rate, women: female civilian labour force

..

..

..

..

..

8.4

8.6

10.0

Long-term unemployment: total unemployed

21.3

29.4

24.4

39.2

39.6

35.8

30.3

26.9

10.4 |

Labour compensation and hours worked


Labour compensation per unit labour input, total economy Annual growth %
Average time worked per person in employment

43.6

37.8

27.9

16.5

6.2

..

..

Hours per year

1 942

1 943

1 943

1 918

..

..

..

..

% of GDP

0.54

0.53

0.48

0.52

0.59

0.58

0.72

..

Per '000 employed

1.1

1.1

1.5

1.6

1.8

1.9

2.4

..

Research and Development (R&D)


Gross domestic expenditure on R&D
Researchers: full-time equivalent
Population
Total population

68 367

69 304

70 231

71 151

72 065

72 971

1.4

1.4

1.3

1.3

1.3

1.3

1.2

..

Children

2.3

2.2

2.2

2.2

2.2

2.2

2.2

2.1

Youth population aged less than 15

% of population

29.7

29.4

29.1

28.8

28.4

28.1

27.7

27.3

Elderly population aged 65 and over

% of population

5.4

5.5

5.6

5.7

5.9

6.0

6.0

6.1

Per '000 inhabitants

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

Population growth rates


Total fertility rates

'000 persons

73 875 |

74 767

International migration
Net migration rate
Foreign-born population

% of population

Foreign population

% of population

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

Unemployment rate of native-born men

% of labour force

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

Unemployment rate of foreign-born men

% of labour force

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

Unemployment rate of native-born women

% of labour force

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

Unemployment rate of foreign-born women

% of labour force

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

..
..

Health
Life expectancy at birth

Years

71.5

71.9

72.2

72.6

73.0

73.2

73.4

Life expectancy at birth: men

Years

69.4

69.8

70.1

70.5

70.9

71.1

71.1

..

Life expectancy at birth: women

Years

73.5

73.9

74.3

74.6

75.0

75.3

75.6

..

Per '000

27.8

26.7

28.7

24.6

23.6

22.3

20.7

..
..

Infant mortality
Society
Suicide rates

..

..

..

..

..

..

..

Youths 20-24 not in education nor employment

44.2

45.3

47.8

47.8

47.1

46.3

45.7

..

Youths 15-19 not in education nor employment

32.3

32.9

32.8

35.3

37.7

34.3

36.1

..

'000

8 769

9 859

8 983

10 962

12 937

11 883

14 788

..

45

62

56

62

62

62

68

57

Number of tourists
Road fatalities

Per 100 000 persons

Per mln inhabitants

Note: e: Estimated value, |: Break


Last updated 27 May 2010
Source: For explanatory notes, see OECD Factbook 2010 (DOI: 10.1787/factbook-2010-en)

http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/20752288-2010-table-tur

COUNTRY STATISTICAL PROFILES: KEY TABLES FROM OECD OECD 2010