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Multiple Choice Single Answer Less noise, more accuracy & more cleanliness at work are the features of : New technological advances 2. Multiple Choice Single Answer The substitution of mechanical, hydraulic, electric and electronic devices for human organs of decision & effort is known as : Automation 3. Multiple Choice Single Answer Technological advances induce : Deskilling of workers 4. Multiple Choice Single Answer To meet changing skill requirements, retraining or continuing-education programmes is better solution than additional training for the : Young workers 5. Multiple Choice Single Answer The net displacement of jobs resulting from the introduction of new technologies is called Technological displacement 6. Multiple Choice Single Answer Advanced technology have negative effects for white-collar workers one of which is : Loss of informal working relationships 7. Multiple Choice Multiple Answer Automation of office work will lead to : Intensify the pace of clerical work , Increase alienation among workers 8. Multiple Choice Multiple Answer Job displacement problems for workers are resulting for : Limits in adjustments , Retraining , Relocation programs 9. Select The Blank Advanced technology tends to disperse ________ more broadly Information & authority 10. True/False Rapid technological advances in the industrialized countries has no relative effect on the economies of less developed countries False 11. True/False Computers destroy hierarchy True 12. Multiple Choice Multiple Answer Work relationship exist between : Employer & employee , Colleagues , Suppliers & consumers 13. Select The Blank Automated technology has ________ effect on wider social issues Little

14. True/False Leisure values are increasingly influencing work True 15. Match The Following Extension pattern Work extends into leisure Neutrality pattern A fairly clear distinction is made between work & leisure Opposition pattern Work is sharply distinguished from leisure Job enlargement Increases the worker's area of responsibility 16. Multiple Choice Multiple Answer Over-protective labour legislation resulted into : The payment of wages not based directly on production , Not directly connected with individual efforts 17. Multiple Choice Multiple Answer The occupation of women are restricted to : Nursing , Teaching , Packing 18. True/False During the early stage of industrialization, the factory replaced the family as the unit of production True 19. Multiple Choice Single Answer In the ideal type of the enterprises, labeled as 'An open international economy', the key characteristic is that they retain strong links to: Particular national locations 20. Multiple Choice Single Answer Consultative form of participation in Swedon is called as : National economic planning boards 21. Multiple Choice Multiple Answer Barriers to job redesign are : Large organizational size , Opposition from supervisors & middle level managers , Desire to control investments with neglect of employment growth 22. Multiple Choice Multiple Answer In marginal sector, worker's participation is adversely affected because of : Little unionization , Lack of sufficient bargaining strength , Threat of technological displacements for workers 23. Multiple Choice Multiple Answer The average span of life spent in the labour force has decreased because of : More years spent in getting education , Earlier retirement 24. Select The Blank HE' vision of future foresee gives more importance to ________ values & goals Quantitative 25. Select The Blank The Affluent Society may be considered as the economic & social counterpart of ________ society

26. True/False To engage workers' fullest abilities in innovative structure requires that they have full freedom to design their work & sharing in decision making True 27. Multiple Choice Multiple Answer Large corporations exploit customers through : High prices , Production of shoddy goods which degrade the environment 28. Match The Following Predatory pricing Monopoly firms intentionally underbid competitors to drive them out Collaborative pricing Informal agreements to hold prices at a specified level Merger Acquisition of other firms for corporate growth Diversification Large firms diversify across a variety of industries 29. Multiple Choice Single Answer In Central & South America, the removal of small producers from the land & concentration of land ownership in large plantation was known as : Latifundia 30. True/False Position of United State has split dramatically as a producer of industrial goods since 1960 True 31. Multiple Choice Single Answer Work in the post-industrial society will be overwhelmingly : White-collar 32. Multiple Choice Single Answer In information era, a larger proportion of income will be spent on : Personal services 33. Select The Blank In Japanese corporate system, absence of ________ makes possible highly flexible organizational structures Rigid specialization 34. Select The Blank Work is changing its meaning for people in a ________ Consumption-oriented economy 35. True/False The industrial mode of production has given rise to an economic organization which influences all arts of society True 36. Multiple Choice Single Answer The study of groups as well as the individuals from the point of view of social interaction & structure is called : Psycho-sociology

37. Multiple Choice Multiple Answer Individualism implies reliance on : Individual effort , Free contract , Personal solvency 38. Select The Blank In place of ________ two classes emerged such as merchant capitalists & putting-out system. Free artisans 39. Multiple Choice Multiple Answer During the Hawthorne experiments, Elton mayo & his men neglected the effects of increasing depression on workers, which were : Psychological , Social 40. Multiple Choice Single Answer Departments not directly concerned with production are often considered under the title : Staff departments 41. Multiple Choice Single Answer Authority in General staff relationship is : Representative 42. Multiple Choice Multiple Answer To meet organizational aims, those who run it must have the ability for power to : Create & maintain a co-ordinate production system , Mobilize a working force , Handle external pressure 43. True/False Most workers' jobs are semi-skilled or unskilled True 44. Multiple Choice Single Answer The big boss or chief is primarily concerned with : Growth & survival of the work plant 45. True/False The line supervisor has become more & more like a staff supervisor because the internal differences in the important functions are diminished True 46. Multiple Choice Single Answer The set of rules & procedures for the workers and machinery that produce a good or service is known as : Operations technology 47. Select The Blank Centralization of decision making include ________ made by one or a few persons at the top of the organization Key decisions 48. Multiple Choice Multiple Answer The departments which are most remote from line production are : Advertising departments , Departments devoted to Labour relations 49. Multiple Choice Multiple Answer The earliest technologies included hand tools made from : Bone , Stone , Woven baskets 50. Match The Following

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Leisure services Theme parks, Holidays Business services Transportation, Wholesaling, Banking Manufacturing of goods Public services Health, Welfare Transportation, Wholesaling, Banking Personal services Domestic, Artisen, Professional Domestic, Artisen, Professional Multiple Choice Single Answer The authority that runs vertically from top to bottom is known as : Line authority Multiple Choice Single Answer When employment became the dominant form of work, the distinction between work & leisure became : Sharper True/False MNCs sometimes benefit third world nations by transferring technology & expertise to them True Select The Blank The tendency of people in 'SHE' vision of future forsee, related to health problems will be to ________ Prevent them by positive cultivation of health measures Multiple Choice Multiple Answer The decay of Guild system was on account of : Failure to define the boundaries of rights & duties of each guild , The rigid approach to the competition & change , Emergence of the rights of merchant or middleman Multiple Choice Single Answer High technological systems result in : Deterioration of working situation True/False The general staff officer has no authority of his own True Multiple Choice Single Answer Upgrading of skills appears to be occurring through the creation of : Highly skilled jobs Multiple Choice Single Answer The work of different organizational sub-units would be integrated by the use of : Electronic methods Multiple Choice Multiple Answer The characteristics of factory system were : Concentration of productive processes in large factories , Concentration of wealth , Application of mechanical power Select The Blank Under ________ , Employees develop a low & temporary identification with many segments of organisation.

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Bureaucracy True/False It was clear from the experiments that the operatives were reacting to the 'external objects' & not to the 'Total situation' of which these objects were parts & components False True/False To engage workers' fullest abilities in innovative structure requires that they have full freedom to design their work & sharing in decision making True True/False The industrial mode of production has given rise to an economic organization which influences all arts of society True Select The Blank In the ________stage , the child's growing dependence heralded the dependence of women in marriage and their to the home Early Industrial Multiple Choice Single Answer The technological advances generate a stress on workers partly due to : Growing isolation at work True/False The findings of interview programme proved that, men never react in isolation but as a member of group, influenced by feelings & sentiments towards other group members True Multiple Choice Single Answer Incompetent managers can devastate worker's morale as well as : Long run productivity Multiple Choice Single Answer The system in which, the merchant put out the raw materials to be worked up & would later collected the finished products to be sold was known as: Putting-out Industry Select The Blank Each vertical segment represents a group which has a ________ function to perform Distinct Multiple Choice Multiple Answer The growth of innovative sector is a result of : Development of electronic technologies , Desire to overcome inefficiencies of bureaucratic & hierarchical structures Multiple Choice Single Answer The net displacement of jobs resulting from the introduction of new technologies is called Technological displacement Multiple Choice Single Answer Technological changes are capable of increasing both : Productivity & Job satisfaction

74. Multiple Choice Multiple Answer The work relations in industrial societies are: Hierarchical , Unequal 75. Select The Blank A ________, consideration of 'right and wrong' effect on industrial organization Human value 76. Multiple Choice Single Answer IT helps server to keep balance between mass production & economies of scale by allowing : Production at low cost 77. Multiple Choice Multiple Answer Over-protective labour legislation results in difficulty in: Discharging ineffiecient workers , Strengthening the collective bargaining process 78. True/False In 'Business As Usual' vision of future forsee, health is given more importance than other visions False 79. True/False The marginal sector would be typified by extensive subcontracting True 80. Select The Blank In 'HE' vision of future forsee, ________ will be the part of a food service industry expanding in response to 'leisure market' Fast food chain 81. True/False Line relations can not be easily understood False 82. Select The Blank Leisure operates in ________ to work where worker is liable to be frustrated and unfulfilled at work concentrates on the fulfilling his family Opposition 83. Select The Blank In hunting & gathering societies, ________ was the motivation to work to the members. Day-to-day existence 84. Multiple Choice Single Answer The functional pattern of a president which is built on the conception of an organization in which members are knit into overlapping functional groups is known as: Group pattern 85. Multiple Choice Single Answer The attitude that means you accept the situation as something desirable, try to live up to it, accept the consequences & endeavour to improve it & make a success of it is called : Commitment 86. Multiple Choice Single Answer In order to achieve its aim, industry must engage in a process of production with : Most efficient manner 87. Multiple Choice Single Answer

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Advanced technology have negative effects for white-collar workers one of which is : Loss of informal working relationships Multiple Choice Single Answer The term comprises of all the material and nonmaterial means and techniques used to produce goods and services is : Social relations of production select The Blank _______ refers to the span of authority & it decides the shape of the organization Configuration Multiple Choice Single Answer The system of division, delegation & application of power is called as : Authority system Multiple Choice Multiple Answer Compared to other forms of organization, tasks in a bureaucracy are performed with : Greater precision & speed , Less friction , Lower costs Match The Following Specialists &Technicians Engaged in application of their rare knowledge & skills for organization Skilled workers Large number of operatives endowed with technical or specialized skills Big boss or Executive Primary job is to make policy & its practical application Foreman Supervision of the actual production or service Multiple Choice Multiple Answer Modern industrial societies are distinguished from their pre-industrial counterparts by : Number , Size , Scope Multiple Choice Multiple Answer Preconditions for increasing the innovative sector are : Sufficient power to demand participation & innovation , Education & learning True/False Formal organization assumes all the workers as unrelated individuals True Multiple Choice Multiple Answer To meet organizational aims, those who run it must have the ability for power to : Create & maintain a co-ordinated production system , Mobilize a working force , Handle external pressure Multiple Choice Multiple Answer The Three characteristics of Japanese corporate system are : Lifelong environment offered by the large corporations , Lack the specialized career paths , Groups predominates over individual True/False The girls' attitude to work reflect their school experience and the general cultural definitions of women's roles True

99. True/False The introduction of factories separated 'work' from the 'home'. True 100. Select The Blank The variation of work organization in terms of ________ reduces the problem of alienation to some extent Job rotation & job enlargement 101. Multiple Choice Single Answer In R.A.T.R., when innovations were introduced carefully, with regards to the actual sentiments of the worker, it results into : Emergence of new social & ethical outlook 102. Multiple Choice Single Answer The emergence of high technology created misconception due to its emphasis on fastest growth rates & little attention is paid on : Number of jobs created by it 103. Multiple Choice Single Answer The relations described as socio-technical or socio-functional are called: Mixed relations 104. Multiple Choice Multiple Answer According to the roles the specialists & technicians perform, they can be divided into categories such as : Internal operations of the organization , External operations of the organization , Scientific, technical and basic research 105. Multiple Choice Multiple Answer Members of modern forms of work receive unequal shares based on their position in : Division of labour , Structure of authority 106. Multiple Choice Multiple Answer In marginal sector, common features of employees will be : Discontent , Subtle form of non compliance , Sabotage 107. Multiple Choice Single Answer The intensification of worldwide social relations, which link distant localities in such a way that local happening are shaped by events occurring many miles away and vice versa is known as : Globalization 108. True/False Agriculture under feudalism was heavily mechanized & capital-intensive. True 109. Match The Following Capitalism Money power Pre-industrial era Animal power was used Industrial capitalists society Use machine power Hunting society

Human power was used 110. Multiple Choice Single Answer The big boss's range of social contact on the job is : Relatively small 111. Multiple Choice Single Answer Capitalism is a system of cutthroat competition & concerned with : The maximization of profit 112. Multiple Choice Multiple Answer Individualism implies reliance on : Individual effort , Free contract , Personal solvency 113. True/False The technology transferred by MNCs to third world nations is often outdated True 114. Multiple Choice Single Answer In many Pre-literate societies & in most of the early civilizations, One can find a system prevalent which can be called : Early Industrialism 115. Match The Following Electronic technology The automation of many production processes Simple tool technology Used by primitive humans & use of hand tools Craft technology Use of more advanced tools which require greater effort to manufacture Mass production technology Depends upon availability of a variety of specialized goods 116. Multiple Choice Single Answer The atomistic & mechanistic hypothesis of stimulus & response was totally inadequate to deal with : The human situation 117. Multiple Choice Multiple Answer The departments which are most remote from line production are : Advertising departments , Departments devoted to Labour relations 118. Multiple Choice Single Answer Staff relationships with the offices or departments which they supposed to serve run : Horizontally 119. Select The Blank The ________ work would be common in marginal sector Part-time & temporary 120. Multiple Choice Multiple Answer Industry can adapt leisure value by the provision of : Recreational facilities , Flexi-hours 121. Select The Blank Quality control functions are sometimes reintegrated into ________ rather than being allocated to separate divisions

Production 122. Select The Blank Large batches of production are ________ to produce per unit than small batches Less expensive 123. Multiple Choice Multiple Answer Select The Blank ________ of technological changes is necessary to give union's time to study their impacts & to decide strategies to accommodate with these changes Advance notice 124. Select The Blank In the ________ work is sharply distinguished from leisure Opposition pattern 125. Multiple Choice Single Answer In information era, a larger proportion of income will be spent on : Personal services 126. Multiple Choice Single Answer Technological advances induce : Deskilling of workers 127. Multiple Choice Single Answer To restructure operations that depend upon information for the purposes of transaction, record keeping, analysis, control or communication is the unique capability of : Information technology 128. True/False Twenty first economy will be typified by two very different employment sectors namely the innovative sector & the marginal sector True 129. Select The Blank Putting-out was the earliest form of the system of ________ typical of industrial production Wage labour 130. True/False The marginal sector is associated with high wages False 131. Multiple Choice Multiple Answer The craft technology is associated with a division of labour into different crafts such as : Glass blowing , Iron working , Boot making 132. True/False Monopoly firms may have privileged access to credit True 133. Multiple Choice Single Answer A firm can also achieve monopoly power through : Advertising 134. True/False Difference between relationship of work & leisure can be understood only in terms of difference in the cultural settings

True 135. Select The Blank High technology industries make ________ investment per worker Large capital 136. True/False Mostly investment in training and career development are, will remain focused on core employees alone True 137. Select The Blank In the extension pattern ________ is central life of interest: Work 138. Multiple Choice Single Answer Small work groups can be an important source of : Innovation 139. Select The Blank ________ usually contains a larger number of workers than were found in earlier types of production organizations. The factory 140. True/False The authority the specialist staff man derives is necessarily indirect True 141. Multiple Choice Multiple Answer The need for specialized knowledge reflects in the : Increasing complexity of industrial systems , Complexity of new product , Need to control outside forces 142. Select The Blank Top management is an ________ conscious group Authority 143. Multiple Choice Single Answer The technological advances generate a stress on workers partly due to : Growing isolation at work 144. True/False In the Feudal system, the citizens of Medieval towns had a large degree of self governance. True 145. Match The Following World system theory World economy as integrated economic unit Commoditization of agriculture Agricultural production from domestic market to international commodity markets Dependency theory Relationship of inequality between industrialized and less industrialized countries Modernization theory Advancement of society from agricultural to industrial based on internal dynamics 146. Multiple Choice Multiple Answer

The guilds were concerned not only with economic interests of their members, but also discharged functions like : Social , Political , Religious 147. Multiple Choice Multiple Answer The guilds engaged in regulating : Prices of goods , Quality & quantity of goods to be produced , Tools could be used 148. Multiple Choice Single Answer Restructuring of older economies results in increasing employment of : White-collar jobs 149. Select The Blank Union rules,being fixed by contract, define precedents and relationships that create ________ on the plant floor Order & stability 150. Multiple Choice Single Answer Advanced technology have negative effects for white-collar workers one of which is : Loss of informal working relationships 151. Multiple Choice Single Answer The efficiency resulting from large size production is called : Economies-of-scale 152. True/False In the extension pattern activities of work & leisure are dissimilar False 153. True/False The new technologies provide the worker little control over his work & reduce job satisfaction True 154. Multiple Choice Multiple Answer The view of 'HE' vision of future forsee towards organizational work will be : Intellectual , Rational , Detached 155. Multiple Choice Single Answer Upgrading of skills appears to be occurring through the creation of : Highly skilled jobs 156. Select The Blank A basic distinction between industrial management and workers is that the means of ________ & means of production are in the hands of management. Administration 157. Select The Blank In modern Industrial economy, the non-manufacturing organizations(service industries) are also becoming ________ Factories 158. Multiple Choice Multiple Answer Mass production technology depends on : Availability of variety of specialized goods & services , Ability to integrate specialized goods into mechanized production 159. Multiple Choice Single Answer

The seized amounts of wealth from the Dutch Colonial empire in Africa & the pacific countries to expand European manufacturing was called as : Primitive accumulation 160. Select The Blank The Affluent Society may be considered as the economic & social counterpart of ________ society Cybernetic 161. Multiple Choice Single Answer The organization free to make its own decisions and establish its own agenda without reporting to a larger governing body can be called as : Autonomy of the organization 162. True/False Perception of employability now relate more to attributes of future potential and availability than to skills True 163. Multiple Choice Single Answer The workers were centralized under one roof in the system called : Factory system 164. True/False MNCs sometimes benefit third world nations by transferring technology & expertise to them True 165. Multiple Choice Multiple Answer The examples of tertiary sector services are : Repair of washing machines , Diagnosis by a doctor , Case dealt with by a social worker 166. Multiple Choice Multiple Answer The types of services are : Business services , Public services , Personal services 167. Multiple Choice Single Answer The overall effect of post industrial society on nature of employment & quality of work available is : Diversified employment 168. Multiple Choice Single Answer The theory of industrial development that suggests the advancement of society from agricultural production to industrial production is called as : Modernization theory 169. Select The Blank The over protectiveness by the family members results in ________ among Indian workers Dependency culture 170. Select The Blank The ________ of multinational firms provides them the ability to influence the actions of governments Large size 171. Multiple Choice Single Answer In the ideal type of the enterprises, labeled as 'An open international economy', the key characteristic is that they retain strong links to: Particular national locations 172. Select The Blank

According to 'HE' vision of future forsee, there will be ________ of work Centralization 173. Multiple Choice Multiple Answer Job displacement is often moderated by the techniques used to prevent layoffs, such as : Retraining , Providing notice , Reassigning displaced employees to new jobs 174. True/False Workers' participation represents a new system of industrial relation True 175. Multiple Choice Single Answer The self direction, improvisation, having responsibility over other people or resources or combination of these constitute : Autonomy 176. Select The Blank Bureaucracies rely heavily on ________ to control workers. Rewards and inducements 177. Multiple Choice Multiple Answer Skills are based on aspects of work or combination of these aspects such as : Manual aspects , Mental aspects , Interpersonal aspects 178. True/False Organic systems are best suited for stable conditions False 179. Select The Blank ________ combined with Industrial sociology, helps in building up comparative study of formal organizations Organizational Sociology 180. Select The Blank The modern industrial workers depend for their progress on ________ Their own efforts 181. True/False The transition from putting-out industry to industrial capitalism was peaceful. False 182. True/False As high technology work takes place in very large companies, negative effects on job satisfaction may rise True 183. Select The Blank High technology production systems require a highly trained labour force and ________ Large capital outlays 184. Multiple Choice Multiple Answer Technology transfer made by MNCs to third world results into : Failure in improved rate of economic growth in third world , Failure in significant improvement in the quality of work life 185. Multiple Choice Multiple Answer Members of modern forms of work receive unequal shares based on their position in :

Division of labour , Structure of authority 186. Select The Blank The staff organization is supposed to ________ to line organization Advise & assist 187. Multiple Choice Multiple Answer Consequences of telecommuting are : Increased flexibility , Reduced personal contact , Reduced commuting time 188. True/False The difference between views of British & American managers suggest that there is no simple, direct relationship between work & leisure True 189. Multiple Choice Single Answer Capitalism is based on : Exploitation of workmen 190. Multiple Choice Multiple Answer The markets which develop in the mature industrial economy are : Covering the nation , Covering the areas abroad , larger in scope 191. Select The Blank Advanced technology tends to disperse ________ more broadly Information & authority 192. Multiple Choice Single Answer In hierarchical principle of authority & control, major decisions travel from : Top to bottom 193. True/False To engage workers' fullest abilities in innovative structure requires that they have full freedom to design their work & sharing in decision making True 194. True/False In post industrial society service sectors will expand continually independent of manufacturing True 195. Select The Blank In the extension pattern ________ is central life of interest: Work 196. Select The Blank The important consequence of group ethos characterized by ________ is largely absent in Japan Lack of trust & deep routed suspicion 197. Multiple Choice Single Answer The workers were centralized under one roof in the system called : Factory system 198. Select The Blank ________ depends heavily on workers' understanding of job and on their motivation & commitment High technology 199. Select The Blank In bureaucracy, the top ranking officials suffer from ________

Superiority complex 200. Multiple Choice Multiple Answer The view of 'SHE' vision of future forsee towards organizational work will be : Intuitive , Experimental , Empathetic 201. Multiple Choice Multiple Answer The need for specialized knowledge reflects in the : Increasing complexity of industrial systems , Complexity of new product , Need to control outside forces 202. Multiple Choice Single Answer According to classical economists, every man was naturally : An idler 203. Multiple Choice Multiple Answer The barriers to the small firms in competing with the large monopoly firms are : Large firms have 'economies of scale' , Backward linkage of monopoly firms , Predatory pricing by monopoly firms 204. True/False In neutrality pattern of work a fairly distinction is made between work & leisure True 205. Multiple Choice Single Answer Importance of white-collar employees is due to : A market value attached to personality characteristic 206. Multiple Choice Multiple Answer Telecommuting generated problems for clerical workers such as : Isolation from the work groups & sources of information , Problems of working on piece-rate , Paying high rental charges for equipment 207. Multiple Choice Single Answer The most fundamental change in the nature of work due to social organization at work is : Increasing division of labour 208. True/False MNCs are more likely to transfer mangers & professional workers than to be recruited locally True 209. True/False The men monopolize position of power by dominance which is a sex-linked characteristic True 210. Multiple Choice Single Answer The atomistic & mechanistic hypothesis of stimulus & response was totally inadequate to deal with : The human situation 211. Multiple Choice Multiple Answer Job displacement problems for workers are resulting for : Limits in adjustments , Retraining , Relocation programs 212. Match The Following Command Legitimate authority Power Ability to get things done

Authority Application of power Responsibility Ability to produce expected results 213. Multiple Choice Single Answer The daily life in the early factory system was : Extremely Monotonous 214. Select The Blank The line organization is directly concerned with ________ The process of production 215. True/False Feudalism emerged out of 'Dark ages'. True 216. Multiple Choice Single Answer The study of groups as well as the individuals from the point of view of social interaction & structure is called : Psycho-sociology 217. Select The Blank In place of ________ two classes emerged such as merchant capitalists & putting-out system. Free artisans 218. True/False Research people are far from professional & technical knowledge False 219. Multiple Choice Multiple Answer In industrial society, there is increasing provision for public goods which include : Education , Retirement income , Health care 220. Match The Following Localized economy Exchange between local business or trades Globalization Exchange between transnational economies International economy Exchange between Relatively distinct national economies Nationalized economy Exchange between nationalized sectors 221. Select The Blank Large batches of production are ________ to produce per unit than small batches Less expensive 222. Select The Blank The line between management & workers tends to become blurred since their relationship is based on ________ Consultation 223. Multiple Choice Multiple Answer The factory system resulted in:

Increase in the length of working day , Increase in the intensity of work , Decrease in number of religious & personal holidays 224. Multiple Choice Multiple Answer Preconditions for increasing the innovative sector are : Sufficient power to demand participation & innovation , Education & learning 225. True/False Mostly investment in training and career development are, will remain focused on core employees alone True 226. True/False The line supervisor has become more & more like a staff supervisor because the internal differences in the important functions are diminished True 227. True/False In neutrality pattern of work a fairly distinction is made between work & leisure True 228. Multiple Choice Single Answer The characteristic of North American pattern of worker's participation is : Absence of broad policy agenda & social theory 229. Multiple Choice Multiple Answer In neutrality pattern, satisfaction is with : Pay of work , Conditions of work 230. Multiple Choice Multiple Answer With the advent of merchant capitalism, daily lives of artisans were affected in terms of : Fall of wages of craftsman , Increase in hours of work , Threat to as a member of middle class 231. True/False Loss of job due to automation can be replaced in the short-run False 232. Multiple Choice Single Answer In post-industrial societies, power & authority will lie in the hands of : Technocrats & mangers of large organizations 233. Multiple Choice Single Answer The development in technology entails the use of more advanced tools, which require : Greater effort to manufacture 234. Select The Blank Advanced technology tends to disperse ________ more broadly Information & authority 235. Multiple Choice Multiple Answer There are three fundamental relationships in formal organization, namely : Line relationships , Specialized relationships , General staff relationships 236. True/False The output of service industry is consumed the moment, it is produced True 237. Multiple Choice Single Answer

Bureaucracy is a system of : Control 238. Multiple Choice Multiple Answer The need for staff personnel comes about because of : Advance of science & technology , Complexities of social life , Need for assistance of expert in these field 239. Multiple Choice Single Answer The relationship of inequality between industrialized and less industrialized countries is the central focus in a theory of economic development is called : Dependency theory 240. Multiple Choice Multiple Answer Women are less likely to get the jobs with : Interesting work , Opportunities for promotion 241. Multiple Choice Multiple Answer Job displacement problems for workers are resulting for : Limits in adjustments , Retraining , Relocation programs 242. Multiple Choice Single Answer Peasants working under Feudal system were called : Serfs 243. Multiple Choice Single Answer In Globalization, the economic, political & cultural activities are : Interdependent 244. Multiple Choice Multiple Answer Third world nations by increased dependence on foreign technologies results in the lost opportunities to cultivate the development of : Technology , Local infrastructure , Skills 245. Select The Blank The ________ industries operate independently of suppliers, wholesalers & distributors Monopolistic 246. True/False During the early stage of industrialization, the factory replaced the family as the unit of production True 247. True/False In bureaucracy, the rules & regulations are rigidly followed. True 248. Multiple Choice Single Answer In an economic system based on barter system, the worker is related to the product of his labour as to an : Alien object 249. Select The Blank Monopoly firms may engage in ________, in which they intentionally underbid competitors until they drive them out of the market Predatory pricing 250. Multiple Choice Single Answer In information era, work will take place mainly in :

Small units of production 251. Match The Following Mica Splitting Test Room To study effect of different working conditions on production Interview programmes Systematic study of employees' attitudes Bank Wiring Observation Room To get exact information about social groups within company Second Relay Assembly Test Room To find relation between group incentive system & output 252. Multiple Choice Single Answer A capitalists infrastructure inevitably produces : High level of alienation between workers & employers 253. Multiple Choice Multiple Answer The barriers to the small firms in competing with the large monopoly firms are : Large firms have 'economies of scale' , Backward linkage of monopoly firms , Predatory pricing by monopoly firms 254. True/False Many people considers supervisor as at the bottom of the management hierarchy True 255. Multiple Choice Multiple Answer The guilds engaged in regulating : Prices of goods , Quality & quantity of goods to be produced , Tools could be used 256. Multiple Choice Single Answer The wholesale or retail outlets of goods can be called as : Forward linkage 257. Multiple Choice Multiple Answer The changing nature of work has important implications for: Cohesiveness of society , Workers' satisfaction 258. Select The Blank The modern industrial workers depend fro their progress on ________ Their own efforts 259. True/False Assembly line workers mainly work for climbing hierarchical ladders & to have separate identity False 260. Select The Blank The ________ work would be common in marginal sector Part-time & temporary 261. True/False Mergers & acquisitions expanded the control of large companies into product lines which were out of their expertise True 262. Multiple Choice Single Answer

The society in which the people had to give, a part of surplus as a tax to the landlords, as well as render services to the Landlord's portion of land was known as : Feudal or Manorial system 263. True/False A clearly defined division of labour allows experts to specialize in particular tasks True 264. Multiple Choice Single Answer In industrial societies, the axial principle is : Economizing 265. Multiple Choice Single Answer A predictable pattern of consequences attending industrialisation; seen in the history of western societies can be called as: Logic of Industrialism 266. True/False Imperial agricultural societies gave rise to first large cities. True 267. Select The Blank Tariff is ________ for lagging growth rates in industrial advanced economies No panacea 268. True/False The marginal sector would be typified by extensive subcontracting True 269. Multiple Choice Multiple Answer In many third world nations wages are low compared to U.S. because of: Lack of trade unions , Lack of ability to bargain for higher wages 270. True/False In many organizations the most highly qualified members are found in the middle rather than the highest levels of the hierarchy True 271. True/False Organic systems are best suited for stable conditions False 272. Multiple Choice Single Answer In fordist regime of accumulation, there is : Price-competitive production 273. Select The Blank With the introduction of money as a medium of exchange, products of labour became ________ in the market Mere objects 274. Multiple Choice Single Answer In order to coordinate the many specialized tasks in the division of labour, it is necessary to have : Hierarchy of authority 275. Select The Blank

According to 'SHE' vision of future forsee, we are accelerating along ________ of development we have followed during the industrial age The changed direction of path 276. True/False The findings of interview programme proved that, men never react in isolation but as a member of group, influenced by feelings & sentiments towards other group members True 277. Multiple Choice Single Answer When employment became the dominant form of work, the distinction between work & leisure became : Sharper 278. Multiple Choice Multiple Answer Housewife is : Privatized , Unpaid , Isolated 279. Multiple Choice Single Answer few individuals, who are interconnected with personal or face-to face relations with each other form : The nuclear primary group 280. Select The Blank According to 'SHE' vision of future forsee, there will be ________ of work Localization 281. Select The Blank In hunting & gathering societies, ________ was the motivation to work to the members. Day-to-day existence 282. Multiple Choice Single Answer Worker's participation which occurs at every level even at boardroom level is called as : Consultative participation 283. Select The Blank High tariffs on foreign imports ________ the competitive advantage of products made elsewhere in the world Decreases 284. Multiple Choice Multiple Answer The United States declined as leading industrial nation in the world because : Largest share of its R&D money spent on military relations , It is no longer sole supplier , High paid workers compared to that of third world 285. Multiple Choice Multiple Answer In factory system, the centralized work robbed the workers of : Skills , Autonomy in their work , Creativity 286. Select The Blank Community sociologists are joining to Industrial sociologists to share their research on ________ Industry-Labour community relations 287. Multiple Choice Multiple Answer The Hawthorne studies were blamed in the context with : Omissions of social problems , Management bias , Empirical bias 288. Multiple Choice Single Answer

The term comprises of all the material and nonmaterial means and techniques used to produce goods and services is : Social relations of production 289. Multiple Choice Multiple Answer The erosion of the line authority as the only authority system has occurred because of two changes : Democratization of labour force , Growth in importance of staff functions 290. Multiple Choice Multiple Answer In marginal sector, it will be a common feature to have : Disregard of minimum wage restrictions , Disregard to fair time 291. True/False Globalization tends to switch from undifferentiated mass-consumer market towards mass customization True 292. Multiple Choice Single Answer The socio-economic system in which means of production,distribution & exchange are privately owned is known as : Capitalism 293. Multiple Choice Multiple Answer Elton Mayo pointed out that all supervisors and managers share three major functions namely : Technical , Administrative , Human relations functions 294. Select The Blank In bureaucracy, the top ranking officials suffer from ________ Superiority complex 295. True/False Transport system in 'SHE' vision of future forsee will increase the travel between homes & place of work rather than travel for leisure True 296. Select The Blank The knowledge and skill of the ________ is of a higher order than that of the skilled workers Specialist 297. Multiple Choice Single Answer Electronic technology leads to: Isolation of workers from social groups 298. Multiple Choice Single Answer Wherever people interact on a continuous basis in pursuit of common goals there arises: Social organization 299. Multiple Choice Multiple Answer The competitors of the guilds were : Rural craftsmen , Independent artisans , Monastic orders 300. True/False Any large-scale industrial organization is a mixture of line and staff principles True 301. Multiple Choice Multiple Answer According to 'SHE' vision of future forsees, the revolution breakthrough will be primarily in :

Social aspects , Economical aspects , Psychological aspects 302. Select The Blank ________ combined with Industrial sociology, helps in building up comparative study of formal organizations Organizational Sociology 303. True/False The transition from putting-out industry to industrial capitalism was peaceful. False 304. Select The Blank According to 'SHE' vision of future forsee, there will be ________ of work Localization 305. Multiple Choice Single Answer The attitude which implies that one accepts a job or situation, though he does not like it is called as : Reluctance 306. Match The Following Bureaucracy Governance by rules Communication Transmission of messages & ideas Specialization Division of labour Controlling Setting & comparing standards 307. Multiple Choice Single Answer Technological changes are capable of increasing both : Productivity & Job satisfaction 308. Select The Blank ________ depends heavily on workers' understanding of job and on their motivation & commitment High technology 309. Multiple Choice Single Answer The work of different organizational sub-units would be integrated by the use of : Electronic methods 310. Multiple Choice Multiple Answer Organizational size has a huge impact on the workplace for two main reasons which are : Coordination of Specialization & increased complexity , Bureaucratic rules & procedures replace direct control 311. Multiple Choice Multiple Answer In many third world nations wages are low compared to U.S. because of: Lack of trade unions , Lack of ability to bargain for higher wages 312. True/False In post industrial society service sectors will expand continually independent of manufacturing True 313. Select The Blank

The ________ organization of the R.A.T.R. was characterized by a network of personal relationships spontaneously developed in the work situation. Informal 314. True/False Every worker in each level of the supervisory structure is preoccupied with what his boss thinks of him True 315. Multiple Choice Multiple Answer The 'HE' vision of future forsee, appeals to : Many scientist , Technologists , Industrialists 316. Multiple Choice Single Answer The application of knowledge & skills for the achievement of practical purposes is called as : Technology 317. Multiple Choice Single Answer Capitalism is based on : Exploitation of workmen 318. Select The Blank Community sociologists are joining to Industrial sociologists to share their research on ________ Industry-Labour community relations 319. True/False The working conditions in marginal sector would be different from early 19th century industrial revolution True 320. True/False In traditional industrial workers level of education is high than that of modern industrial workers False 321. select The Blank _______ approach to work tends to high level of strikes and unrest in the industry Instrumental 322. Multiple Choice Multiple Answer In developing countries, the labour is becoming cheap because of : Low levels of unionization , Predominance of female & part-time labour 323. True/False A clearly defined division of labour allows experts to specialize in particular tasks True 324. Multiple Choice Single Answer The regularized use of rules and the creation of formalised job positions with clearly delineated duties is called : Bureaucracy 325. Multiple Choice Single Answer In post-industrial societies, power & authority will lie in the hands of : Technocrats & mangers of large organizations 326. Sociology is meant to be the science of society.

327.

The psychologists thinks in the form of fatigue and nutrition. 328. As a science the discipline should have neither pro management nor a pro union bias. 329. The staff departments which are closely connected with the line are engineering departments, maintenance departments, quality control departments. 330. The carrying out tasks which enable people to make a living within the environment in which they find themselves is known as work. 331. Bureaucracy may be defined as the pyramiding of unit organizations. 332. The part of the structure which is dedicated to getting the work out is called the line organization. 333. Any large scale industrial organization is certain to represent a mixture of line and staff principles. 334. Urwick holds three fundamental relationships of formal organization they are line, specialized, general. 335. The tendency of a larger group to divide into smaller ones is called segmentation tendency. 336. Peer communication is horizontal in nature. 337. The line acts as a sieve or filter. 338. Technology and the organization are the two sides of the same coin. 339. Technology has three parts operations, materials and knowledge. 340. Daniel bell predicted that the economy would become knowledge intensive rather than capital intensive. 341. Women received more opportunities in the year 1970 1980s 342. In B.W.O.R the restriction of the output was an enforced used to keep the internal connection of the group. 343. A consensual tie is one in which people are united because each has something to give which the other needs. 344. HEs vision has organizational values and goals 345. Many third world nations have come to be typified by combined and uneven development. 346. Leisure is likely to have a neutral relationship to work where there is less autonomy and potential self fulfillment. 347. Eltano Mayo and his friends neglected to inquire into social background of the workers. 348. The authority in general relationship is Representative

349. The small groups subordinate their purpose to the larger organization effective coordination is attained and there are no organizational problems in Segmentation 350. The percentage of skilled and semiskilled manual workers in the labour force has remained relatively stable in post industrial society