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Aadhaar is a 12-digit unique number which the Unique Identification Authority of India (UIDAI) will issue for all

residents. The number will be stored in a centralised database and linked to the basic demographics and biometric informationphotograph, ten fingerprints and irisof each individual. By providing a clear proof of identity, Aadhaar will empower poor and underprivileged residents in accessing services such as the formal banking system and give them the opportunity to easily avail various other services provided by the Government and the private sector. This is a journey that was begun in September last year from the little-known Tembhli village in Nandurbar district in Maharashtra when the first 1,400 Aadhaar numbers were issued. It is a journey that has seen people crossing both sides of the road, trying to determine the right way forward. Says Nandan Nilekani, the man entrusted with giving the unique 12-digit code to every Indian through the Unique Identification Authority of India (UIDAI), if India is going to achieve both economic prosperity as well as social equality, we not only have to grow but we have to grow along a path where people are not left behind in the process of change. Identity will be an important aspect in achieving this. In India, the purpose of the UID project is very simple; it is to give every Indian resident a unique number, preventing the kind of duplication that currently exists. The complexity of the issue is in making sure that everybody in a population of 1.2 billion gets a unique number, and therein lies the challenge of scale and technology.
The tracking and surveillance of individual through biometrics, the activists feel, would help the government bring into net tax evaders, unearth black money, benami holdings of agricultural land and real estate and reveal benami transactions in stocks and commodity exchange. Moreover, it would breach privacy and keep private history (at times embarrassing) of an individual with the government. So if a person is dyslexic some time in life, is a troubled adolescent, has taken psychiatric help at some stage in life, was married but is now divorced and wants to leave that behind in the past, was insolvent till luck and hard work produced different results, donated to a cause that is to be kept private all of this is an open book, forever, to the agency that has access to the data base. For the poor, who often live on the margins of life and legality, it could provide the badge of potential criminality in a polity where ostensible poverty has been considered a sign of dangerousness.iv Says Ramanathan.

Threats which may occur due to Aadhar India project are: 1.Every personal detail of individual will be available at a single point. Bad people of society will find it lot easier to steal any personal information of any individual which may used for any wrong purpose. Fact: a person found his license copy in a private mobile company office being used for any connection in his name. It was a chance that he was in that office neither he would never know that there is a connection has been made in his name without his permission/willingness. Such type of cases will increase because at every department there will be a single requirement of your Unique Identity No. 2.India has been facing various hacking problems from inside and abroad. Many times our government sites were also being hacked by hackers and Indian government has accepted some times that some of secret information has been stolen by hackers. This is very clear that our cyber security is not safe. 3.We are having a lot of corrupted people in India specially in government department. Everyone know that for money, maximum of government official leak any kind of information. Then what will be surety of our privacy. 4.It is proposed that UIN will be used as PAN for income tax purpose. If this happen than PAN will be available easily to any body and one may use other UIN or say PAN for any transaction. Today at least one can't find easily others PAN no. 5.It is also proposed that UIN to be used as mobile no. of individual. It means if one find your UIN any how he may create trouble. 6.Village people will be offered Rs.100 for getting their Unique Identity Number. Every one know very well how project "Narega" got corruption and to what level. Most of the village people have thinking of just earning money, they really don't care for country.