Sie sind auf Seite 1von 26

Food, Energy, Transportation, Urban Design & Climate for an Eternity without Oil!

Proximity, Proximity, Proximity and 100% Sustainability

Our foreparents knew what it took to live on very limited resources, as do both the Republican and Democratic Parties today! We all know that we will soon have to support populations that have quadrupled with the use of petroleum in the last century, on what?

Some believe that we must stock our own shelves no matter what the cost to others, and some believe that the possibilities for technological innovations to enhance the survivability of all are unlimited. I am one of the latter, and there are many just like me cooperation for group welfare seems to have evolutionary value. But, so too does the, grab and run with it mentality. How will our genes survive the next 20 years in our present numbers, to say nothing of the next 2000?! It can be argued that the components of the genes that make us also made our foreparents in the Year 0, and will make all of our descendents, just in a different combination or recombination of the human pool of those components. Can we not then argue that those genetic components are eternal, that a notion of our own eternity will be carried by our children, grandchildren, etc. off into the wild blue yonder of eternity on this planet? If it is our children, and the women who produce our children, who are the bridges to our own personal eternity, why are these 2 groups also the most abused on the planet? Are the ways that we treat our own children, and those of others, the crucible of human evolution? That said, I would like to prime the pump of brilliant designs that can lead the world toward the only viable conclusion that I have reached about the future spending every minute from now until its creation on the design and construction of the worlds first solar based, 100% sustainable global infrastructure for the provision of energy, food and transportation! And, I would like to have vigorous disagreement and contrasting proposals at every step of the way toward that goal! There is an end to both hydrocarbons and to climates that have provided all that we have used to prosper scientists are presently measuring how much time we have left before both become unconducive to human life! So, we can easily see that, on the present course, humanity will run foul of degrading weather heat, drought, hurricanes, tornados, floods, etc. and of the effects of much steeper energy prices as the petroleum runs out! What can we do now to enable us to avoid those convergent trends for the benefit of the components of our genes for the rest of eternity? Lets pump the iron of paradigm change and see what we can find! 1. We will have life on Earth for as long as the sun shines as it does now, so lets build an infrastructure that relies only on solar energy. It is far wiser to understand that most of the energy that we currently use is from fossil fuels, meaning from the remains of plants and animals that lived millions of years ago. We must convert everything that we do to the direct use of such solar energy, because the millions of years of stored solar energy that fossil fuels represent will soon be absent! In addition, burning fossil fuels returns carbon that was last in the atmosphere 60 100 million years ago to our present atmosphere, with the consequences for global climate change that we are seeing! 2. Wind is the most powerful and economical form of solar energy, so lets also base our infrastructure on wind, in areas where its force is both strongest and most consistent. The worlds current infrastructure is much more based on where explorers first arrived and expanded their presence. We now have the quantitative data that can be used to

3.

optimize where, how and when we can build the worlds first 100% sustainable infrastructure! Food, energy and transportation provision will all have to be revolutionized, as they all depend highly on petroleum, which will disappear and cease causing the potentially catastrophic global climate change that is currently running away with the future of the components of our genes. What does that revolution look like?

Engineers and designers, throw away your computers, because this future is outside the box! We really cannot imagine using any more petroleum, because its continued use will warm the planet catastrophically, and we will very quickly find ourselves in the same position as the Easter Islanders, building monuments to our own extinction! I have had my own outside the box experience when my heart stopped for 10 minutes while I was under a general anesthetic to have my forehead sutured following a car accident in Kenya in 1980. Wow! Imagine waking up to find that you had no more memory, and that you couldnt do any of the things that you had learned as an infant, including walk, speak, play tennis, etc.! Its been a long road back from there! Let me take a very short detour and recommend that all those who suffer head injury and brain anoxia undertake as much vigorous physical activity as quickly as possible, as the 3.6 miles home from the job that I got within 7 months of the accident, that I covered 92 times within the first 2 years of the same accident, literally put me back on my feet, and gave me tons of ideas for the construction of the worlds first 100% sustainable global infrastructure!

There I was, hanging by the tips of my fingers slipping off a narrow wet ledge, miles above any safe refuge as I arrived in a new country as an immigrant in a wheelchair in 1980. But, Hope (and Design) Spring Eternal, even in the most dismal of circumstances, and I rapidly converted my disabilities into the designs for a 100% sustainable future, below, at every step of the way in the 330+ miles that I staggered, walked and jogged.

The seas are rising around the north to south Linear City above, built at right angles to the prevailing westerly winds in the Northern Hemisphere, which is linked to another one across the straits. People are enjoying some sailing in some vintage craft as a whale shark glides by, unseen. Optimism builds a much stronger future than does greed and pessimism! Everyone can walk from where they live into fields to grow their own food without the petroleum that is required for 95% of our current food production, all are served by high-, medium-, and low-speed trains that use only 1/3 of the energy/passenger mile of modern cars and aircraft, and that can also be powered by the ducted wind turbines, in green, along the roofline! Please, please, please design me a more sustainable infrastructure than this one! It is my belief that, currently, financiers and Republicans, who are all paid much more than the rest of us, have the tools to look into this future that is bereft of petroleum, with the Sword of Damocles of Climate Change hanging over us all. That is why they are currently socking away all that they can grab to

protect their families laudable, except that it leaves 90% of the population to die as crops fail and energy costs rise! Why not consider that we are all subject to the same storm-tossed seas just as the Easter Islanders were, after all? Why not pool our brain-power to create the worlds first 100% sustainable global infrastructure, and spring off the platform of Linear Cities that can provide all that we need from the eternal supply of solar energy alone? If any one or two of the people in the lifeboat above tried to save themselves above all the rest, do you think that the boat could ever make safe haven? If those 2 lied to convince everyone that they were all working toward the same end, but slipped off the boat just before it was smashed against the rocks of the shoreline to collect all that every member of the crew had hoped to live on to survive, is that much different from the economic situation that America finds itself in today? If, however, all members understood that the solidarity that worked so well in the circumstances above could be easily transferred to behavior on land, just as the Europeans have learned through their tortuous history, more of us could live free of fear, and able to concentrate on how to make the future work better for all of us! So, how do Linear Cities work?

They would be built north to south, as indicated by the blue lines on the map above, to connect our existing cities, and to supply those cities with food as petroleum becomes increasingly expensive. As below, we would start 1) with the construction of wind turbines along windy stretches of our north to south freeway network, followed 2) with the installation of high-, medium, and low-speed rail lines, and induction tracks in the freeways to overcome the range problem of the electric vehicles shown. Finally 3) we would construct the Linear Cities themselves, in any number of configurations and designs!

The illustration at B) above depicts an East West oriented Linear City, in red on the map above, to link the North South cities illustrated. They could be built along waterways to take advantage of sail-powered transportation, below, because we wont be flying anywhere, and will enable all residents to grow their own food, also below:

Everyone can walk from where they live to their own fields to grow their own food organically and cooperatively:

Transportation without any Petroleum!


I have discussed the use of wind turbine driven high-, medium- and lowspeed trains above, but that still leaves most of the country, and most of the world without transportation. What can we do for the children of AD 4000 for more local, and overseas transportation, without the petroleum that currently fuels 95% of our transportation needs here in the USA? And, while the solutions are critical for those 2000 years from now, will they be any less critical within 20 years?

The car above uses a gas turbine flywheel hybrid that will burn any gaseous or liquid fuel, that serves as a gimbaled gyroscope to keep the car level, and is equipped with the profile and structure illustrated just above to attenuate the shocks caused in collisions from almost any angle, to save the lives of the occupants. In addition, the flywheel delivers power to all 4 wheels electrically using traction control to avoid any wheel spin, and absorbs that power without locking the wheels (a form of ABS) to make the flywheel turn faster, thus saving energy that is lost in almost all cars.

Transportation over Water!


Just as land transportation without petroleum will experience changes in the paradigms used, transportation over large bodies of water will have to change dramatically! Again, we must optimize our use of the wind, with new and surprising technologies, as below:

The Blimpfoil illustrated at the top has tethered reverse hydrofoils that also deploy reverse train bogies that are channeled into/under rail I-beams in port cities so that the Blimpfoil can fly from Kansas City to Moscow non-stop, for example! All these craft benefit from both GPS and weather satellites, so that they can be directed to fly or sail any number of miles to the north or the south to take advantage of higher speed and more favorable wind streams. The foils can also be equipped with sonic alarms and buzzers to encourage whales and large fish to avoid their path!

The history of civilization is perhaps 4000 to 10,000 years old, of which we are most familiar with the last 2000 years, which is an incredibly short time! If you divide that 2000 years by the 20 years that is roughly the period of the average generation according to the variety of definitions that are available, we have 100 generations back to the year 0, a date and year that we in the West know well. Most of us know 5 generations in our own families, from grandparents to grandchildren, including ourselves. If you divide 100 generations by 5, you get 20, so it is only 20 times the generations that we know personally in our own families back to the year 0, which is absolutely incredible! It is only 20 times the generations that we know in our own families that include almost all of reasonably recorded history. We have done an incredible amount in a very short time, from the first sailing ships on the Nile 4000 years ago, the first cuneiform writing in Mesopotamia in 3500 BC, and marks on tortoise shells from China dating from 6000BC, the last of which makes all of human history only 80 times the generations that we know in our own families! And, if we were to measure in lifetimes of 50 years rather than in generations of 20 years, that multiple would drop from 80 to 32, only 32 times the lifetimes of those that we know in our own families back to the dawn of civilization, and they didnt even realize what they were starting, just as we dont, as we look forward into a future without petroleum and the start of potentially catastrophic global climate change. Those who cannot dream, cannot advance, cannot survive! This discussion of generations is important because we can quickly see how important, how crucial, each of the generations in our families is! If one person in that chain had failed to live past the age of 15, we simply wouldnt be here, as are the ghosts of those who failed to reproduce. We cannot cry over our own history, or that of those who are not here, but we can plan for the success of the generations that will follow ours so that they can enjoy life to the full! What can you do for your children and grandchildren to give them both confidence and joy to face their own futures? What insights can you give them from your life so that, at an early age, they can make plans to make their lives and those of their children the most fruitful and enjoyable? Where will we be when we fall back to the same levels of fossil fuel energy inputs that prevailed 100 years ago? Where will we be in 2000, 4000, and 10,000 years when we havent had access to petroleum for 99% of that time? The time to act is now, this very minute. Everyone must look up from what they are doing and consider what their great great great great great

great great grandchildren might be able to do if we do nothing, in the absence of any systems to provide for energy, food, jobs, housing, civilization, education, and a future for our genes, every one of them!

PS. The following is a comparison between the number of pages referenced by Google for the combination of Wall Street and food production, and Wall Street and Oil Production, and the Dow Jones Industrial Averages for the past decade. It seems that there is a reasonably close correlation between all 4! Lets get some grad students onto this to see whether we can make Wall Street more transparent, so that fewer people lose their shirts there!

What may be interesting in examining the above is that a high occurrence of sites that mention Wall Street, and oil production and/or food production in the same article came after the crash in 2002-03, whereas it continued and preceded the crash this time, to rise far higher still after the crash. So, perhaps Wall Street learned just how important oil production and/or food production are to world economies, and has done its best to safeguard its own money, and the transfer of others money into their own accounts to safeguard that as well? Many, if not most, observers of stock markets have said that as the oil supply picture becomes more troubled, market trends will become more volatile. If this is true, then the last 2 very volatile weeks in August, 2011 on Wall Street may be an indicator that the, lack of new significant oil discoveries confirm that there is an impending oil crisis that will hit the global economy. This would further drive up already accelerating oil prices making it all the more difficult for the US economy to keep the stock market from crashing without preamble. Peak oil prices are set to cause the largest tumble down in the history of the economy. (http://www.oilprice.net/en/articles/rising-oil-prices-predict-economic-recession.php). Inevitably, the world will have to move away from oil as a source for anything. The sooner that we achieve that the easier and least expensive that will be! What will happen to global populations that quadrupled with the support of oil in the last century if we fail? If we can render energy supplies and food production more predictable, steady, and subject to democratic influence, perhaps the world will be able to support more people with less waste and volatility, more predictably, forever! Therefore Linear Ecocities because, in the end, we must imagine how to manage without a single drop of the oil that accounts for 95%+ of our transportation fuels and food production! As outlined, Linear Cities can more than adequately resolve the inevitable supply problems that energy, food and transportation will very soon see. Do we want to guillotine the prospects that we can offer to our great grandchildren by doing nothing? I have constructed this model as a goal at the end of the first curve in an oval racecourse. I challenge anyone to provide a better, more sustainable model! At the same time, I am also happy to predict that all of us will not be living in Linear Ecocities like those that I illustrate in 1,000 years and 10,000 years. Just as car, medical and communications technologies have evolved rapidly, the Linear Ecocity will also be subject to rapid evolution, including paradigm change! At least, I hope so!

Appendix Further Details


1. Before the age of the automobile in 1900, 60.4% of the American population was classified as rural, and were reasonably able to walk into fields to cultivate their own food. Now, only 4% of rural residents make their living farming, the last time most Americans lived on farms was in 1880 and the last time the majority lived in rural communities was in 1920. We will have an enormous challenge to feed, clothe, employ and transport Americans when there is no more oil! We must use the most energy efficient transportation, trains, the only feasible long-term energy sources, the renewables that run from the nuclear fusion in our sun, and the close proximity of all residents of new buildings to food production areas, which is only possible using linear-form cities! The No Oil Era is on our doorstep! Without intelligent action on the part of all who plan the future, we are condemning the babies of tomorrow to an almost certain death, as global populations shrink from their current level of 6.85 billion to the 1.6 billion that existed in 1900, or less with the present loss of valuable farmland to over-fertilization, over-salinization from irrigation, over-asphaltization, and the conflicts that inevitably arise as all populations shrink! It may be noted that North Africa and the Middle East have witnessed significant drying trends in the last 10,000 years the Sahara was once a savannah that was lush enough to support the workforce that built the pyramids, and what happened to the Hanging Gardens of Babylon and the Fertile Crescent, the birthplace of modern agriculture are they the most peaceful areas in the world today? 2. Please see below for more details of the challenges, research and other activities that are necessary for this new paradigm to take flight or run along a track at 250 miles/hour! o We will see the end of petroleum within 60 years, the most critical fact for the lives of our grandchildren, which our media has avoided despite its importance! It may also be noted that Iraq is the country with the greatest remaining reserves of petroleum. Could our absolute dependence on oil for transportation (99%) and food production explain why we are there, and why the president did a U-turn to stay there once elected? We need to face the future squarely and design systems that require no oil, before we have none at all! Global climates are very likely to seriously deteriorate, inundating coastlines due to rising sea levels and destroying life for more than 50 percent of the Americans who currently live in 772 coastal counties. By 2025, nearly 75 percent of Americans are projected to be living near a coast, with population density doubling in some areas such as Florida and California. Furthermore, globally about 60 million people live within 1 meter of mean sea level, a number expected to grow to about 130 million by 2100! What will their lives, homes, and jobs look like then?

With the end of petroleum, we are very likely to see the end of the coordinated, efficient and compact food production systems that allow Americans and global citizens to eat affordably today. In that vacuum, what are the chances that law and social order can be maintained, especially if the police themselves are deprived of petroleum? Even now, the US Defense Department is the worlds largest single consumer of oil! How can a country that has only 2% of the worlds oil on its territory, but consumes 20% of the worlds supply continue to live in peace with all other nations!

We must find and develop both a paradigm and an infrastructure for where we can get plastics (a reduced number, all from plants), energy (all from renewables except, for the time being, from nuclear), food (from 100% organic production) and transportation (as outlined here and below)! I. Land, Population, Transportation and Food without Petroleum: World and American populations are dispersed across the continents roughly as indicated in this satellite image of Earthlights at night, bearing in mind that we in the USA consume about 5 times the energy/person of those in Europe and 22 times those in the rest of the world!

The low-lying areas along the East and West Coasts, and Mississippi River Valley and Gulf Coast could all easily disappear under rising sea levels, to say nothing of European, Asian and Indian populations in low-lying areas! This is a mathematics problem: how to supply over 4 times the worlds people on land and energy supplies that are likely to dwindle even more than they are now, and were in 1900! There are ways to sail around this problem as sea levels rise, however, using modern technologies in novel ways, as follows:

Why live in a long ribbon, linear city when you can live in something as exciting as the Burj Kalifa, for example? The answer comes down to simple, 7th grade mathematics: lines have a far greater perimeter than circles, which have the minimum that is mathematically possible. Please compare the 2 figures below that have roughly the same area but vastly different perimeters - - - - - - :

These differences are compounded when you stack the circles on top of each other to create the building on the right above, which is superb in the views and sense of power that it creates, but poor when all its inhabitants must walk into fields to grow their own crops because there is no more petroleum to produce the food and bring it to where people can eat it! Please consider too that all of our cities are circular, not linear, forms that give few people access to fields to grow crops. Please see the image of Los Angeles on the right! Why should this make a difference? After all, technology has been directing us toward the heights for at least a century, the same century that has been coincidentally driven largely by petroleum, and the mobility that it has given us.

I therefore propose linear cities like that on the right, where everyone can walk from where they live into open fields, both to grow their own food, and to supply those who are still stuck in existing cities, and towers like those above! The orange tunnel bordering the fields contains high-speed rail, along with medium and low-speed lines, which are the only form of transportation outside of bicycles, ships and electric cars that can be driven by wind. Everyone lives within a 10 minute walk of their own field, chickens and fruit trees, and all can very rapidly reach the existing cities using the highspeed rail link, which uses only about 1/3 of the energy/passenger mile that cars and aircraft use. The wind turbines (below between nos. 2 and 3) along the edge of the north to south linear city capture the energy of the prevailing westerly wind that has been accelerated as it passes over its 3 5 stories. Expressways/railways can be used to deliver building materials to build linear cities just alongside, as below, and we can start by installing conventional wind turbines first 1), followed by both high-speed rail and high temperature superconducting induction tracks in the roadway to drive electric vehicles, giving them unlimited range 2), followed by the construction of the linear cities themselves 3).

The sketches below show the same process, with the intermediate stage of elevated platforms a) for quick-change battery pit stops for autonomous electric vehicles. All residents are within walking and cycling distance of fields, as below:

The Linear Cities follow the expressways in the middle above, and go more directly between the existing cities on the right above. They run north to south, at right angles to prevailing westerly winds as mentioned, except for B) below, and can be built into hillsides, onto land that becomes flooded, and along watercourses as in the aerial view on the left above.

With the forthcoming certainty of the End of Oil, and a global food crisis looming, there are more and more who advocate much greater reliance on organic farming methods. Organic farming methods however are labor intensive, as mandated by the low-petroleum era, and resolved by the much greater proximity to

the land that Linear Ecocities provide. This is one of the only ways to get the hands into the fields, as 80% of us now live in cities, far from food production areas! As Linear Ecocities run through cropland, all hands are either a 10-minute walk from where they may work for the day, or a short or long train ride from the field and seasonal crop that must be tended. There will be many who argue that our current concentrated cities/ megalopoli are the engines of economic growth, but that is an old argument from the cave-dwelling age before the Internet! Until the Internet, people did indeed need to meet each other face to face, to do business, to exchange ideas, to initiate romantic exchanges as well. Currently, we all have circles of acquaintances that we physically contact with some degree of frequency. But, that will change drastically, both as food supplies become more critical without petroleum, and as we continue to do what we have always done, make friends with those that we have contact with, either in existing cities, or in Linear Cities. The infrastructure paradigm detailed above can move toward supplying all of our food, energy and transportation needs, but cities do not yet span large bodies of water, nor filter into the deep countryside. Therefore, we also need new 100% sustainable technologies to accommodate these 2 situations, and many others, once there is no more oil! Because of its imminent disappearance, we will be forced to abandon its combustion and resultant global greenhouse effects, but we must not replace it with any other fossil fuels/coal! Therefore, please view below projects to create gas turbine/flywheel/battery hybrid cars with 4-wheel drive and regenerative braking that will burn practically any fuel and protect their occupants much better in accidents, please see the variety of accident scenarios below. In head-on collisions, the more rigid, pointed central chassis is very unlikely to meet point to point with the opposing car. The front bumpers act as triggers to detach the front A-arm on that side, and the front fenders are also mounted to slide to the rear on the appropriate side, thereby reducing the deceleration felt by the occupants of both cars. Similarly, the rear and side undersides are sloped so that the impacted car is thrust upwards and its occupants pressed into their seats, with which they already have contact. This is both automatic and passive, does not depend upon

fallible technologies to work, and can cut the g-forces felt by all occupants, thereby saving many lives!

The front A pillars on either side of the windshield are greatly reinforced to keep the roof from collapsing as the impacting car slides under the impacted car! That still leaves the oceans as poorly crossable once there is no more petroleum to fly aircraft or power ships. How can global passenger and cargo trips continue without petroleum? That may be easier than we currently realize! All we have to do is to build kite-sail hydrofoil hovercraft ships to rapidly cross the oceans when we can no longer fly across them. We must design and build much more rapid sailing ships that get all or most of their energy from renewable sources, and quickly eliminate the highly polluting ships burning bunker crude of today that will not be able to sail due to lack of fuel, in any case, soon. 1. With the imminent demise of our fossil-fueled economy, we must already, this minute, rapidly develop a 100% sustainable transportation, energy and food producing infrastructure! The land-based paradigms are discussed above, but we must also consider what to do about transportation at sea, especially if we are unable to fly conventional aircraft after the end of petroleum, and to transform what is the dirtiest form of transportation in terms of high-nitrogen and high-sulfur fuel use, the dumping of black, grey, and bilge water that can contain invasive species, into much cleaner and attractive forms of transportation.

2.

Currently, Seagoing vessels are responsible for an estimated 14% of emissions of nitrogen from fossil fuels and 16% of the emissions of sulfur from petroleum uses into the atmosphere. In Europe ships make up a large percentage of the sulfur introduced to the air, as much sulfur as all the cars, trucks and factories in Europe put together. By 2010, up to 40% of air pollution over land could come from ships because the fuel used in oil tankers and container ships is high in sulfur and cheaper to buy compared to the fuel used for domestic land use. A ship lets out around 50 times more sulfur than a truck per metric tonne of cargo carried.6 The Hovercat uses an aluminum, composite or steel catamaran hull, with hovercraft capability between the hulls to lift them out of the water so that the kites can pull the ship forward fast enough to enable the hydrofoils to work. All the kite sails are computer controlled and are attached to domes that double as elevated air intakes for the hovercraft. The dark blue tinted glass bridge is movable from port to starboard to permit more accurate maneuvering in close quarters and small ports. As cargo and passenger vessels, they are roll on/roll off with fail-safe bow and stern closures, light weight, high maneuverability and speed, and fun!

3.

4.

The Hexcat again uses the hovercraft and hydrofoil technologies, with a novel kitesail launching & deployment arrangement that can put many kites into the sky, both to increase the traction of the available wind, and to reach winds that may be stronger, or in a more favorable direction further aloft. As with the Hovercat above, the hydrofoils are retractable so that both ships can launch from and return to beaches and concrete launching aprons. Both are envisaged for use as cargo ships, passenger ships, or both at the same time.

5.

Why not harness this technology to make transoceanic journeys even more efficient by linking many craft together? Please see the illustration below for a caterpillar configuration that may just become the monarch of the seas! I don't think that the weight of the sails/kites and rigs is an issue as kites now have helium filled bladders in their leading edges to get them out of the water and into the air.

This concept has 2 launching masts in carbon fiber that pull the kites out of a launching chute at the bow (orange above, yellow below). The top illustration shows an existing hovercraft that is capable of carrying 3 Hummers and substantial containers with equipment. As existing kite sails are capable of pulling kite boarders completely out of the water, see the illustrations below,

one of the functions of the hydrofoils is to keep the craft in the water and not launched to a height where the landing could be damaging! I am sure that the day of the end of petroleum is coming soon and, even if it is not soon, we need to keep the maximum amount of petroleum unburned both to preserve the atmosphere and for use in the production of sails, plastics, pharmaceuticals, fertilizer and pesticides, so that we can continue to eat! Why not extend this concept to winddriven flight using recycled and lightened aircraft fuselages, after there is no more fuel to power them? This concept uses tethered wing keels that also have wheels to roll directly onto rails for continued trans-continental journeys once the trans-oceanic part of global voyages is finished eg. New York to Moscow non-stop!


The history of civilization is perhaps 4000 to 10,000 years old, of which we are most familiar with the last 2000 years, which is an incredibly short time! If you divide that 2000 years by the 20 years that is roughly the period of the average generation according to the variety of definitions that are available, we have 100 generations back to the year 0, a date and year that we in the West know well. Most of us know 5 generations in our own families, from grandparents to grandchildren, including ourselves. If you divide 100 generations by 5, you get 20, so it is only 20 times the generations that we know personally in our own families back to the year 0, which is absolutely incredible! It is only 20 times the generations that we know in our own families that include almost all of reasonably recorded history. We have done an incredible amount in a very short time, from the first sailing ships on the Nile 4000 years ago, the first cuneiform writing in Mesopotamia in 3500 BC, and marks on tortoise shells from China dating from 6000BC, the last of which makes all of human history only 80 times the generations that we know in our own families! And, if we were to measure in lifetimes of 50 years rather than in generations of 20 years, that multiple would drop from 80 to 32, only 32 times the lifetimes of those that we know in our own families back to the dawn of civilization, and they didnt even realize what they were starting, just as we dont, as we look forward into a future without petroleum and the start of potentially catastrophic global climate change. Those who cannot dream, cannot advance, cannot survive! This discussion of generations is important because we can quickly see how important, how crucial, each of the generations in our families is! If one person in that chain had failed to live past the age of 15, we simply wouldnt be here, as are the ghosts of those who failed to reproduce. We cannot cry over our own history, or that of those who are not here, but we can plan for the success of the generations that will follow ours so that they can enjoy life to the full! What can you do for your children and grandchildren to give them both confidence and joy to face their own futures? What insights can you give them from your life so that, at an early age, they can make plans to make their lives and those of their children the most fruitful and enjoyable? Where will we be when we fall back to the same levels of fossil fuel energy inputs that prevailed 100 years ago? Where will we be in 2000, 4000, and 10,000 years when we havent had access to petroleum for 99% of that time? The time to act is now, this very minute. Everyone must look up from what they are doing and consider what their great great great great great great great grandchildren might be able to do if we do nothing, in the absence

of any systems to provide for energy, food, jobs, housing, civilization, education, and a future for our genes, every one of them! This article is dedicated to the components of the genes that we all carry, and that we have all shared throughout our history. Long may they live, 100% sustainably! Please contact Mr. Kim Gyr at: humansolutions@greenmillennium.eu, 231 392 6511, or at 10057-3 Michigan Street, Empire, Michigan 49630-8505, and see many more details both on my website at: www.greenmillennium.eu or in any of the many chapters and essays that I have written by sending a request to any of the above contacts.

PS. The following is a comparison between the number of pages referenced by Google for the combination of Wall Street and food production, and Wall Street and Oil Production, and the Dow Jones Industrial Averages for the past decade. It seems that there is a reasonably close correlation between all 4! Lets get some grad students onto this to see whether we can make Wall Street more transparent, so that fewer people lose their shirts there!

What may be interesting in examining the above is that a high occurrence of sites that mention Wall Street, and oil production and/or food production in the same article came after the crash in 2002-03, whereas it continued and preceded the crash this time, to rise far higher still after the crash. So, perhaps Wall Street learned just how important oil production and/or food production are to world economies, and has done

its best to safeguard its own money, and the transfer of others money into their own accounts to safeguard that as well? If we can render energy supplies and food production more predictable, steady, and subject to democratic influence, perhaps the world will be able to support more people with less waste and volatility, more predictably! Therefore Linear Ecocities because, in the end, we must imagine how to manage without a single drop of oil! And, we will more easily reach the goal of 100% sustainability the sooner that we start, and the quicker we progress! I have constructed this model as a goal at the end of the first curve in an oval racecourse. I challenge anyone to provide a better, more sustainable model! At the same time, I am also happy to predict that all of us will not be living in Linear Ecocities like those that I illustrate in 1,000 years and 10,000 years. Just as car, medical and communications technologies have evolved rapidly, the Linear Ecocity will also be subject to rapid evolution, including paradigm change! At least, I hope so!