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ASSIGNMENT

EE-158-2008

SOUTH EAST ASIA MIDDLE EAST WESTERN EUROPE


(SEA-ME-WE CABLE SYSTEMS)
Family of South East Asia Middle East Western Europe cable systems started in 1985 with traditional FDMA analog technology to connect the three zones. Along with technological development in fiber optical cables and digital technology, the first fiber optical system in this region SEA-ME-WE 2 cable system was put in to the service. However within a matter of a few years, operators in the region realized that there was a capacity bottle-neck in these regions due to rapid demand of internet & IP based services. So WDM technology was introduced for SEA-ME-WE 3 cable system. After few years SEA-MEWE 4 cable system was commissioned with DWDM having wavelengths at 10G, high reliability and outstanding performances. Currently SEAME-WE 3 and SEA-ME-WE 4 Cable systems are in operation. SEA-MEWE 4 cable system has been started its service at the end of 2005 and it is not yet fully loaded. However, compared to the other regions of the world, still there is a bottle-neck in capacity in connecting South East Asia to Western Europe through Middle East. * SEA-ME-WE 1- PDH Analog Coaxial - decommissioned * SEA-ME-WE 2 PDH First Fiber Optic system in this region - decommissioned * SEA-ME-WE 3 SDH WDM Optical Fiber Cable system * SEA-ME-WE 4 SDH DWDM Optical Fiber Cable system Summary of SEA-ME-WE Cable Systems SEA-ME-WE 1 June 1985 Commissioned in (Decommissioned June 1999) 12MHz Capacity/Length 13,500km No. of Owners 22 Total Investment USD800M Technology Analog/Copper SEA-ME-WE 2 October 1994 (Decommissioned October 2006) 2x560Mbps 18,000km 52 USD800M PDH/Optical SEA-ME-WE 3 August 1999 8x2.5Gbps 39,000km 92 USD1500M SDH/WDM/Optical SEA-ME-WE 4 November 2005 64x2x10Gbps 20,000km 16 USD500M SDH/DWDM/Optical

SEA-ME-WE 1 CABLE SYSTEM


SEA-ME-WE 1 cable system was the first consortium cable system in the Indian Ocean region. When the project was launched it was named as South East Asia Middle East Western Europe (SEA-ME-WE) Submarine Cable System. It was automatically converted to SEAME- WE 1 along with the requirement of another cable system was evolved in the same route. Twenty two telecommunication administrations from 21 countries invested for this Cable System. It was connecting Singapore to France via Indian Ocean. Total investment is around S$800M.

SIR SYED UNIVERSITY OF ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY

ASSIGNMENT

EE-158-2008

The cable project was divided in 8 segments naming A, B, C, D, E, F, G and H. The project started on February 1984 and commissioned in June 1986. Total length of the cable system was 13,500km. Manufacturer: NEC Japan, ALCATEL France. Separate contracts were signed with concerned Owners with particular Suppliers for the above 8 Segments. For example for Segment B, (from Medan, Indonesia to Colombo, SriLanka), INDOSAT - Indonesia, GOSL (represented by SL Department of Telecommunications), Telecommunication Authority of Singapore (TELCOMS) signed a separate contract with NEC Corporation Japan for Segment B. The Cost of the Contract for Segment B: JEN 13,974,279,235. Conventional coaxial cables were used to transport analog signals. Multiple access method used was Frequency Division Multiple Access (FDMA). The Capacity was measured with number of 4 kHz BW channels. The cable system was decommissioned June 1999.

SEA-ME-WE 1 cable system was the first consortium cable system in the Indian Ocean region. Twenty two telecommunication administrations from 21 countries

SEA-ME-WE 2 CABLE SYSTEM


SEA-ME-WE 2 cable system was the second consortium cable system in the Indian Ocean region and it was the first fiber optical cable system in the region. Owners of the SEAMEWE 2 Cable system counted sixty (60) from all public and private telecommunication administrations from forty seven (47) countries. It was directly connected 13 countries (Singapore, Indonesia, Sri Lanka, India, Djibouti, Saudi Arabia, Egypt, Cypress, Turkey, Italy, Tunisia, Algeria and France) on three continents. The Project was commenced in 1988 and it was completed after six years in June 1994. Total investment is around S$800M. At that time it was the longest fiber optic undersea cable system ever laid. It was around 18,000 kilometers long. For the easiness of project management and maintenance, the cable system was divided in to seven Segments. Fiber optical cables with regenerative repeaters were used to transport digital signals. Multiple access method used was Time Division Multiple Access (TDMA) with PDH technology. Transmission wavelength is 1.55 nm at 565 Mbps per pair of fibers. The Cable System was Decommissioned on October 2006 after 12 years of service.

SEA-ME-WE 3 CABLE SYSTEM


SEA-ME-WE 3 is the third cable system in SEA-ME-WE Series. In November 1997 C&MA was signed by 92 International telecommunication administrations. The project was completed in end 2000. It includes 39 landing points in 33 countries and 4 continents from Germany to Australia. At the period of commencing the project, it was the longest undersea cable system ever laid. It is around 39,000km long. WDM technology was introduced with 8 wavelengths at 2.5Gbps per lambda. The cable consists of two fiber pairs. After several years in operation, Consortium members decided to upgrade certain paths to 10Gbps.

SIR SYED UNIVERSITY OF ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY

ASSIGNMENT

EE-158-2008

Submarine cable has 7 segments linking Singapore to France. Landing Points of SEAME-WE 3 Cable System. SEA-ME-WE 3, is the third cable system in SEA-ME-WE Series. In November 1997 C&MA was signed by 92 International telecommunication administrations.

SEA-ME-WE 4 CABLE SYSTEM


SEA-ME-WE 4 is the forth cable system in the SEA-ME-WE cable family. The SEAME-WE 4 Scale System is owned by the Consortium of sixteen (16) Telecommunication Administrations. The cable system is connected 16 landing points in fourteen countries in the three continents. MOU Signing 4th September 2002 with 14 Administrations. And finally 16 administrations signed a C&MA on 27th March 2004 in Dubai. On the same day the SEA-MEWE 4 Consortium singed Supply Contract with M/s Alcatel, France and M/s Fujitsu.

Total length of system 20,000km Two fiber pairs 1) Omnibus Fiber between Branch Cable Stations 2) Express Fiber Between Full Fiber Cable Stations 64 Lambdas per fiber pair 10Gbps per Lambda Total capacity 2x64x10 =1.28Tbps

SEA-ME-WE 4 Submarine Cable System contains two fiber pairs expanding around 20,000km.Initially 16 lambdas were lit at a bit rate of 10Gbps per lambda. The system is designed to accommodate 64 lambdas per fiber pair and hence ultimate capacity is 1.28Tbps. The system provides interfaces from STM-1 o/e to STM-64 or direct 10Gbps direct wavelength access. Sri Lanka Telecom is the only operator in Sri Lanka to have International Connectivity through International Submarine Systems. Also SLT involved all the SEA-MEWE submarine cable systems. Landing Points:

Marseilles, France Annaba, Algeria Bizerte, Tunisia Palermo, Italy Alexandria, Egypt Suez, Egypt Jeddah, Saudi Arabia Fujairah, United Arab Emirates

Karachi, Pakistan Mumbai, India Colombo, Sri Lanka Chennai, India Cox's Bazar, Bangladesh Satun, Thailand Melaka, Malaysia Tuas, Singapore

SIR SYED UNIVERSITY OF ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY