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A.

embryology-Zane

• blastula development splits animal kingdom in half


• if the blastula(first pore) becomes the mouth then its a protostome
• if it becomes the anus it is a deuterostome
• protostomes includes most invertebrates
• deuterostomes are most vertebrates
• http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Embryology
• http://www.biologyreference.com/Co-Dn/Development.html

B. homology-Nicki

• They have similar appearance or functions


• They were inherited from a ancestor that also had them
• examples are the forelimb of a bear, the wing of a bird, your arm all have the same function.
• There can also be nonhomologous stuctural similarities between species.
• In this case the ancestor did not have the anatomical structures as its descendants.
• http://anthro.palomar.edu/animal/animal_2.htm
• http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Orthologous_gene

C. analogy- Alex

• The animals have the same form or function, but in different species
• They have no common ancestors
• Example: The wings of a bird and butterfly are analogous structures, because they are similar in
shape and function. However, their wings are quite different inside.
• Analogies may be due to homologies or homoplasies
• http://anthro.palomar.edu/animal/animal_2.htm
• http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Analogy#Science

D. blood proteins/biochemistry

E. DNA/RNA-Heather Heitzenrater

• Animals classified by how much of there DNA is alike.


• They also are classified by the shape and size of there DNA make up.
• www.books.google.com/book?

They use sequences to help categorize them
• http://anthro.palomare.edu/animal/animal_2.htm

F. chromosome structure -Dane


-They classify animals by the number of chromosomes that the animal has compared to others.
-They also have them sorted by their eukaryotic which is the level of packaging in raw DNA that are also
packaged with the nuclear membrane.
-Animals are also grouped by Prokaryote which is a group of organisms that lack a cell nucleus. These
divide into two domains the the bacteria and the archaea groups.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Prokaryote
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chromosome_structure

G. Adaptations- Shaina

• it is a change in an organism over the course of its life that makes it able to live in its
environment.
• The theory of adaptation was first made by Jean Baptiste Lamarc.
• Adaptations can be structural, behavioral or physiological.
• Adaptations are raits that have been selected by natural selection.
• Adaptation occurs over many generations, it is a gradual process.
• Some animals have adapted to eat a certain type of food
• others have adapted to avoid being eaten themselves.
• adaption can change the color or structure of an animal over time.
• In the plant world, many flowers have evolved specific structures that help ensure pollination by

the insects they attract.


• http://www.mbgnet.net/sets/rforest/adapt.htm
• http://www.cotf.edu/ete/modules/msese/earthsysflr/adapt.html
• http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Adaptation

H. evolution- SamO

• the process by which on organism becomes more sophisitcated over time and in response to it's
environment
• a biological mechanism is driven by natural selection
• has never been fundamentally proven
• ^ www.allaboutscience.org/what-is-evolution-fag.htm
• these changes are produced at the gentic level as organisms genes mutate and/or recombine in
different ways during reproduction and are passed on to future generations
• sometimes individuals inherit characteristics that give them a surival and reproductive advantage
• ^ www.pbs.org/wpbh/evolution/libray/faq/cato1.htm

I. geologic evidence

J. behavior- Tessa T
classified by:

• locomotion-examples: flying walking swimming rolling


• You can classify animals using behavior by a more general sense, animals are loosely considered
carnivores if their feeding behavior consists of preying on other animals
• answers.yahoo.com/question/preview
• You can classify organisms based on their behavior, for example human behavior, animal
behavior, and psychology. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Behavior

Any problems in classification (organisms that don't fit)