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Lesson : 35

Topic : Volume of liquid

Learning Area : Operations on Volume of liquid

Learning Objective : Add and subtract units of volume

Learning Outcome : Solve problems involving computations for volume of


liquids

Previous Knowledge : Pupils are able to know the relationship between


units of volume of liquid

Problem : Pupils are not able to solve problems based on basic


operations involving conversion of units of volume of
liquid

Vocabulary : Convert, vertical form, decimal number, decimal


point, mixed decimal, straight line, total volume, add,
subtract, left, difference

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Suggested Activities

Step 1 : Revised the relationship between units of volume of liquid using


Table AKU :

Litres Millilitres

2 6 4 2 2 642 ml = 2.642 l

Litres Millilitres
3 516 3 l 516 ml = 3 516 ml
= 3.516 l

Step 2 : Add units of volume

1 504 ml of water is added into 5.4l of water. What is the


total volume of the water in litres?

i. Convert to litres

1 504 ml add 5.4 l

Litres Millilitres
1 5 0 4

1.504 l + 5.4 l

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ii. Add the volumes of liquid in the vertical form.

The decimal point must be aligned.

1.504 l
+ 5.400 l
6.904 l

Step 3 : Subtract units of volume

There are 12.275 l of water in container P. 6 l 245 m l of


the water are used. How many litres of water are left?

12.275 l

Write the number sentence in vertical form Convert litres and millilitres to litres
using Table AKU

12.275 l - 6 l 245 ml

litres millilitres
6 2 4 5

6.245 l

Step 5 : Subtract units of volume in vertical form. The decimal point must be
aligned.
12.275 l
- 6.245 l
6.030 l

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EXERCISE 1

Name : _____________________ Class : __________ Date : __________

Answer the questions.

1. Find the total of 6.172 l and 2.81 l

2. Calculate the total volume of water in litres in


these two tanks

2.12 l 4 037 ml

3. The diagram below shows the volume of


water in a container. 1 l 445 ml of water is
added into the container. What is the total
volume of water in l, in the container now ?

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4. There are 5.928 l of mineral water in a
bottle. Azman drank 1 542 ml of the water.

Calculate the volume of water left in litres in


the bottle.

5. What is the difference in litres between


5 l 664 ml and 10.68 l

6. Which of the following has the largest


volume of liquid

5.135 l - 2.84 l 8 l 660 ml - 5.346 l

7 226 ml - 4.51 l

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12modul matematik (SBT)147-158 151 23/04/2007, 6:23 PM


Lesson : 36

Topic : Volume of liquid

Learning Area : Operations on Volume of liquid

Learning Objective : Multiply and divide volume of liquid

Learning outcomes : Solve problems involving computations for volume of


liquids

Previous knowledge : Pupils know the relationship between the units of


volume of liquid

Problem : Pupils are not able to do basic operation involving


conversion of units of volume of liquid

Vocabulary : Multiply, product, vertical form, divide, long division,


each, equally

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12modul matematik (SBT)147-158 152 23/04/2007, 6:23 PM


Suggested Activities

Step 1 : Multiply volume of liquid

There are 428 ml of water in a bottle. How many litres of water


are there in 7 identical bottles?

428 ml 428 ml 428 ml 428 ml 428 ml 428 ml 428 ml

Dynasty Of
Seven
Write the number sentence in vertical form.
7
Use Dynasty of 7 to multiply the numbers as shown. 14
21
28
4 2 8 ml
35
42
x 7 49
56
2 9 9 6 ml 63

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Step 2 : Convert, millilitres to litres using ‘Table Aku’

Litres Millilitres
2 9 9 6

2 996 ml = 2.996 l
Step 3 : Divide volume of liquid

16 l 832 ml of water are poured equally into 8 bottles. What is


the volume of water in each bottle?

16 l 832 ml

16 l 832 ml ÷8

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Step 4 : Convert litres and millilitres to litres using ‘Table Aku’

Litres Millilitres
1 6 8 3 2 16 ml 832 ml = 16.832 l

Solve the problem using long division.

Refer The Dynasty Of 8 to divide the numbers.

Dynasty Of
Eight
_________
2.1 0 4 l
)
8 1 6.8 3 2 l 8
_1 6 16
8 24
_8
32
3
_0 40
3 2 48
_3 2
56
64
72

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12modul matematik (SBT)147-158 155 23/04/2007, 6:23 PM


EXERCISE 1

Name : _____________________ Class : __________ Date : __________

Answer the questions.

yl
2.5 l
1. The diagram shows a basin and a bottle.
What is the total volume of water in the
basin, if 5 bottles full of water are poured
into it?

2. There are 5 350ml of paint in a tin. How


many litres of paint are there in 6 tins?

3. Husni drinks 27.44l of water in a week.


Calculate the volume of water that Husni
drinks in a day.

4. A jar holds 6 250ml of water. Sarepah pours


the water equally into 5 glasses. What is the
volume of water in each glass?

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12modul matematik (SBT)147-158 156 23/04/2007, 6:23 PM


Lesson : 37

Topic : Shape and Space

Learning area : Composites Two Dimensional Shapes

Learning objective : The perimeter of composites two-dimensional shapes

Learning outcome : Measure and calculate the perimeter for the following
composites 2-D shapes :
a. Square and square
b. Rectangle and rectangle
c. Triangle and triangle
d. Square and rectangle
e. Square and triangle
f. Rectangle and triangle

Previous knowledge : Pupils have learnt how to find the perimeter of a 2-D
shapes

Problem : Pupils are not able to calculate the perimeter of a


composite 2-D shapes

Vocabulary : Shape, combination, square, rectangle, triangle, area

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SUGGESTED ACTIVITIES

Step 1 (Revision exercises)

Find the perimeter for the diagrams below.

8 cm
1. 2.

4 cm
3 cm

3.

5 cm

Note: The perimeter of a shape is the sum of the outer length of its sides

Example 1 : Find the perimeter of the composite 2-D shape

4 cm

9 cm

The diagram shows combined shapes of an equilateral triangle and


a rectangle.

To find the perimeter, just add the outer lengths of the 2 shapes.

Perimeter = 4 cm + 4 cm + 9 cm + 4 cm + 9 cm

= 30 cm

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