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The Cold War was the period of conflict, tension and competition between the United States and

the Soviet Union and their respective allies from the mid-1940s until the early 1990s. Throughout the period, the rivalry between the two superpowers was played out in multiple arenas: military coalitions; ideology, psychology, and espionage; sports; military, industrial, and technological developments, including the space race; costly defence spending; a massive conventional and nuclear arms race; and many proxy wars. There was never a direct military engagement between the US and the Soviet Union, but there was half a century of military buildup as well as political battles for support around the world, including significant involvement of allied and satellite nations in proxy wars. Although the US and the Soviet Union had been allied against Nazi Germany, the two sides differed on how to reconstruct the postwar world even before the end of World War II. Over the following decades, the Cold War spread outside Europe to every region of the world, as the US sought the "containment" of communism and forged numerous alliances to this end, particularly in Western Europe, the Middle East, and Southeast Asia. There were repeated crises that threatened to escalate into world wars but never did, notably the Berlin Blockade (1948-1949), the Korean War (1950-1953), the Vietnam War (1959-1975), the Cuban Missile Crisis (1962), and the Soviet-Afghan War (19791989). There were also periods when tension was reduced as both sides sought dtente. Direct military attacks on adversaries were deterred by the potential for mutual assured destruction using deliverable nuclear weapons. The Cold War drew to a close in the late 1980s following Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev's summit conferences with United States President Ronald Reagan, as well as Gorbachev's launching of reform programs: perestroika and glasnost.

co ld war alliances
This map shows how the United States and its allies and the Soviet Union and its allies formed opposing blocs of power during the Cold War. Europe was split between the communist allies of the Soviet Union in Eastern Europe and the non-communist allies of the United States in Western Europe. Other communist countries, such China and Cuba, sided with the Soviet Union during parts of the Cold War.

what happened during cold war The Cold War was the conflict between the capatalist nations and the communist nations following World War II. At the end of the war, various countries were given control to

the Allies (the winners of the war). The Allies included the Soviet Union, Great Britain, France, and the U.S. These countries were given power to help develop various nations in Europe and Asia. The Soviet Union (headed at the time by Joseph Stalin) took political control of the territories they were allotted, and these countries became communist. Tensions rose between the democratic nations and the Soviet Union, even though they had just been allies in the greatest war the world had ever seen. As competetition for nations that were on the fence between communism and democracy grew, the relationship between the Soviet Union and the U.S. became tense. This became even worse once the Soviet Union got a hold of atomic and nuclear weapons. The reason this time period is known as the Cold War is because both the U.S. and Soviet Union were afraid to fight face to face with eachother for fear that nuclear weapons would be used, and thus, possibly the end of life on this planet. The Cold War lasted until the fall of the Soviet Union in 1991. Some major events of the Cold War include the war in Korea, Vietnam, the Cuban Missile Crisis, and the fall of the Berlin Wall.
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Standard MR and ER surface to air guided missiles.

Boeing's U.S. Air Force's Air-Lunched Cruise Missile (ALCM)

A Mace B is launched from its hard site during a test at Cape Canaveral.

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Among the experimental weapons developed at Technician in Boeing's the Landing Force Seattle System Development Center, Integration Laboratory Quantico, Virginia, was adjusts holding fixture for this light antitank weapon full-cale model of US Air (LaW), which resembles a Force's Launched Cruise saved-off 3.5 rocket Missile (ALCM) launcher (bazooka)

A rigid polyurethane plastic foam Goose Missile in Flight-"igloo"developed by the (SM-73). Picture was Atlantic Research taken during a recent test Corporation and the Army flight made at the Air Quartermaster Corps was Force Missile Test Center, used as low cost and Cape Canaveral, Fla. disposable field shelter for troops.

The first downing of enemy aircraft by seabased surface to air missile TALOS missile is recalled by Navy Captain James D. Watkins (left) Radm Keneth C. Walace.

The main stage booster of the Jupiter C rocket is A prototype of the Army's prepared for checkout in new atomic -capable the assembly hanger of Pershing missile during a the US Army Ballistic demonstration of its easy Missile Agency's air transportability at laboratory. Rhine Main Air Force Base, Germany. Back to Top

Weather curtains for tear-resistant, waterproof Coverlight-N, a neoprene - coated nylon supplied by the Vulcan Division of Reeves Brothers, Inc., New York, protects the delicate instrumentation required by the Martin Company for testing and checking missiles such as this USAF Titan shown at moment of lift off from Cape Canaveral,Florida.

Martin Built 199 B ALBM, New Army Shillelagh--US a two stage US Air force Army soldier handles research and modern Shillelagh, antidevelopment missile,was armor and field fired from a B-47 jet fortification missile that bomber over the Atlantic packs a far greater wallop Missile Range near Cape than the one carried by Canaveral into the vicinity its fabled Irish namesake. of the earth -orbiting

This is an artist's concept of the Shillelagh weapon system developed for the US Army.

"Paddlewheel" satellite, Explorer VI.

Improved Tow vehicle (ITV) by E & S Division, Emerson Electric Company Back to Top

A Marine Infantryman prepares to fire a Cobra wire-guided Anti Tank Missile. The Cobra is guided to its target by manipulating a stick on an electronic control box to which eight missiles can be connected for firing in sequence.

Rockwell International Corporation Missile System Division's Hellfire anti-armor missile system.

TOW missile launcher designed to destroy tanks and other hard targets with a hollow-charge warhead.

Captive flight test of the Pershing II Terminal guidance system carried in a pod of FJ-4 "Fury"

A Pershing II missile is launched from McHregor Range on Fort Bliss, Texas, beginning an 88mile flight to a ground target on White Sands Missile Range (WSMR), N.M.