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# NANYANG JUNIOR COLLEGE JC1 PROMOTIONAL EXAMINATION

Higher 2

MATHEMATICS Paper 1

## Answer Paper List of Formulae (MF15)

READ THESE INSTRUCTIONS FIRST Write your name and class on all the work you hand in. Write in dark blue or black pen on both sides of the paper. You may use a soft pencil for any diagrams or graphs. Do not use staples, paper clips, highlighters, glue or correction fluid. Answer all the questions. Give non-exact numerical answers correct to 3 significant figures, or 1 decimal place in the case of angles in degrees, unless a different level of accuracy is specified in the question. You are expected to use a graphic calculator. Unsupported answers from a graphic calculator are allowed unless a question specifically states otherwise. Where unsupported answers from a graphic calculator are not allowed in a question, you are required to present the mathematical steps using mathematical notations and not calculator commands. You are reminded of the need for clear presentation in your answers. At the end of the examination, fasten all your work securely together. The number of marks is given in brackets [ ] at the end of each question or part question.

## This document consists of 6 printed pages.

NANYANG JUNIOR COLLEGE Internal Examinations NYJC 2009

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2 1 The diagram below shows the cross-section of an arch bridge where traffic passes singly. The arch takes the shape of a circular arc, with the road level at AB. The portion of the arch at the road level has a span of 5 m and a rise of 3 m.

3m

O 5m

(a) (b)

## 11 61 Show that the equation of the circular arc is x 2 + y = . 24 24

[2]

A double-decker bus passes through the arch of the bridge. If the cross-section of the bus is to be modelled by a rectangle of width 3 m, and assuming the distance between the bus and the road surface is negligible, find the greatest possible height of the bus above the road surface. Justify your answer.
[3]

## The sequence of numbers xn where n = 1, 2, 3, , is defined by x 1 = 6 and the recurrence relation xn +1 = 5 xn 4 .

(i)

By considering xn 1 for n = 1, 2, 3 and 4, make a conjecture for xn in terms of n in the simplest possible form.
[2]

(ii)

[3]

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Expand

## a where a R , in ascending powers of x up to and including the term in x2, ( x 1)( x + 2)

expressing the coefficients in terms of a. Given that the second term in this expansion is 2x , find the value of a. State the range of values of x for which this series expansion is valid.
[6]

The first two terms of a geometric progression are 3 and 2. Write down a simplified expression for the sum to n terms and evaluate the sum to infinity of this progression. Find the least value of n for the sum to n terms to be within 2 % of the sum to infinity.
[3]

[3]

## Without the use of a graphing calculator, solve the inequality

( x + 1)(4 x) 0. (3 x + 1) 2

[3]

x +1 4 x

)(

3 x +1

) 0.

[3]

(a)

## n 2 (n + 1) 2 Given that r = , find 4 r =1

n 3

( r 1) ( r
n r =1

+ r + 1 in terms of n.

[2]

(b)

Simplify

## 1 3 4 . Hence or otherwise, find + r r +1 r + 2

r ( r + 1)( r + 2 ) .
r =1

5r + 2

[4]

## The functions f and g are defined as follow: f : x x2 ,

g: x Explain why gf exists.

ln x + 1 ,

x R, 1 x < 3 ,

x R, x 0 .
[2]

Express gf as a function in a similar manner. Sketch the graph of y = gf ( x) and find its range in exact form. Determine whether gf has an inverse.
[6] [2]

## NYJC 2009 JC1 Promotional Examination

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4 8

The straight lines l and m intersect at the origin O, and their directions are parallel to i and i + 2 j respectively. The point A has position vector given by OA = 2i + 3j+ 5k . The point L on l is such that
OL is the projection of OA on l, and the point M on m is such that OM is the projection of OA on

8 16 m. State the position vector of L and show that OM = i + j . 5 5 Calculate angle MAL, giving your answer correct to the nearest degree.

[3]

[4]

The point N has position vector 2i + 3 j . Given that the lines ON and LM intersect at X, find the exact value of
OX . ON

[3]

The diagram below shows the graph of y = f(x). On separate diagrams, sketch the following curves, indicating clearly the equations of any asymptotes, coordinates of turning points and axial intercepts, where possible:
y

A(2, 3)

B(2, 1)

(i)

y = f(1 y=

x ); 2

[3]

(ii) (iii)

1 ; f( x + 1)

[3] [4]

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## f :x Solve the equation f ( x) = 0 exactly.

2 4 x x 2 , x R .
[2]

(i) (ii)

[2]

## Show that the limit L, if it exists, satisfies the equation f ( x) = 0 .

The points A and B have coordinates (4, 2) and ( xn , f ( xn )) respectively. By considering the equation of line AB, show that xn +1 is the x-intercept of the line AB.
[3] [2] [1]

(iii) (iv)

Using a graphical argument, deduce that xn is a convergent sequence. Deduce the exact value of L.

## 11 The curve C has equation y = (i)

( x 1)(bx + 1) 1 with b 0, b . x2 2

Show that the curve C has oblique asymptote y = bx + b + 1 and state the vertical asymptote.

## [2] (ii) (iii)

Given that C has two stationary points, show that b(2b + 1) > 0 .

[3]

Sketch C for the following cases on separate diagrams, showing the equations of the asymptotes and the axial intercepts clearly.
b>2

## (a) (b) (iv)

[3]
1 4 b | x |3 +(1 b) x 2 + (k 1) | x | 2k = 0

b=

[2]

Using the sketch in (iii)(b), find the number of distinct real roots for the equation

where b =

1 and k > 0 . 4

[2]

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## 6 12 (a) The line l and the plane have equations

0 2 r = 3 + 3 , R 2 2 3 and r 2 = 10 1

respectively.

(i) (ii)

Find the sine of the angle which l makes with in exact form. perpendicular from A to .

[1]

Denoting the point (0, 3, 2) on l by A, find the position vector of F, the foot of the

[4]

(iii)

The plane * is parallel to and is at a distance of 2 14 from . Obtain the possible equations of *.

[3]
3z =

## (b) The system of 3 linear equations is as follows:

7x + x y k 21 2y = 5

4 x + 7 y 3z =

(i)

## Given that this system of equations has solution(s), show that k = 6.

b1 x a1 your answer in the form y = a2 + b2 z a b 3 3

[2]

For this value of k, solve the system with the help of the graphing calculator and give where is a real scalar. Interpret the

situation geometrically.

[2]

(ii)

Suppose that k 6, what conclusion can you make about the system of equations? Give a geometric interpretation for the situation in this case.

[2]

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