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WIRELESS CONTROLLED GREEN HOUSE AUTOMATION At this point in time, the worlds pollution problem has led to unpredictable

weather conditions all over the world. With these ever changing weather conditions, it is expected that the number of greenhouses will significantly increase in the near future, thus leading to a great demand for automated greenhouse monitoring systems . OBJECTIVE:The main goal is to build a miniature greenhouse which is equipped with an automatic monitoring system. This monitoring system will constantly monitor the conditions in the greenhouse to ensure that it remains at preset temperature, light and humidity conditions. If these conditions differ from the preset levels, the monitoring system will automatically turn on certain devices to return the greenhouse to the required conditions. BENEFITS: Automatically control the growing environment within the walls so that any type of plants can be grown all year round. Eliminates the risk of the greenhouse not being kept at specified conditions due to human error. Minimizes the labor costs involved in maintaining a greenhouse. Customer will be able to define their preferred greenhouse conditions and have the system function as specified. This will be a plug-and play product. FEATURES: Detect temperatures from -40C to 125C. Maintain a temperature of about 10C to about 40C. Detect humidity between 5% RH and 95% RH. Maintain a humidity of about 40% to 80% RH. Detect sunlight and artificial light. Turn on artificial lighting in the event that there is insufficient light.

OVER ALL DESIGN:For our Automated Greenhouse Monitoring System, we will implement 3 types of sensors. The sensors to be used are photodiodes, a temperature sensor and a humidity sensor. We will build a miniature greenhouse and determine the appropriate positions to place the sensors. A series of tests will be done to make sure that all the sensors are working accordingly. These sensors will be connected to a microcontroller which will function as the main control unit. The sensors will send signals to the microcontroller and

the microcontroller will translate the signals and determine if the input is within the preset range. For instance, if the preset temperature range is from 20oC to 25oC, the microcontroller will make sure that the greenhouse temperature is within this range. If the temperature exceeds the maximum value, the microcontroller will then turn on the fan. If the temperature drops below the minimum value, the heater will turn on. As for the photodiode, if the greenhouse is exposed to insufficient light, it will send a signal to the microcontroller. The microcontroller will then process the signal and turn on the artificial light in the greenhouse. As for the humidity sensor, it will detect a change in humidity levels and send a signal to the microcontroller. If the humidity level is not within the required range, the mister or exhaust fan will be turned on or off. The microcontroller will be the central processing unit which will translate the input signals from the sensors and turn on or off the necessary devices to maintain the greenhouse at the preset levels. MAIN PARTS FUNCTIONS:PHOTODIODE:The Microsemi Light Detector (LX1972) will be used. After the sensor detects the lighting conditions, it sends a signal to the microcontroller. The microcontroller analyzes this signal and will then turn on or off the bulb TEMPERETURE SENSOR:The Microchip Thermistor (MCP9700A) or LM35 will be used as it is capable of detecting temperatures from -40C to 125C. This device is suitable as surrounding temperatures should not go beyond this range. After the sensor detects the temperature, it sends a signal to the microcontroller. The microcontroller analyzes this signal and then turns on or off the fan or heater to bring the conditions back to the preset levels. HUMIDITY SENSOR:The TDK Humidity sensor (CHS-U) will be used as it is capable of detecting humidity levels from 5% RH to 95% RH. After the sensor detects the humidity level, it sends a signal to the microcontroller. The microcontroller analyzes this signal and will then turn on or off the mister or exhaust fan to bring the conditions back to the preset levels. MICROCONTROLLER:-: The MOT Microcontroller (PIC16F877A) will be used. It will be programmed using the C language and will be capable of comparing the input signals from the sensors to the preset values. The appropriate signal will then be output and used to either turn on or off the devices. DEVICES:In order to provide artificial light for the miniature greenhouse, an AC light-bulb will be used. This will require using an AC Block Switch which will be controlled by the output

of the microcontroller. This AC switch will then pass the AC current through to the lightbulb. For controlling the temperature in this project, if the surrounding temperature exceeds the maximum preset level, a fan will be turned on. However, if the surrounding temperature is below the minimum preset level, an LED will be used to indicate this. We have decided not to use a heater in our miniature greenhouse due to the size and costs involved. To control the humidity, if the surroundings are too humid, an exhaust fan will be turned on. However, if the surroundings are too dry, an LED will be used to indicate this. We have decided not to use a mister in our miniature greenhouse due to the size and costs involved. MAIN FLOW OF FUNCTIONS:USER INPUT-------> WIRELESS-------->POWER SUPPLY | | | | | | | | | --------------- CONTROL ------------ ------------| | H-BRIDGE BUCK CONVERTER

MOTOR BLOCK DESCRIPITION:1) Power Supply: The power supply will be a 12 V lead acid battery. It will supply the power to the converter circuit and the control circuit. 2) User Inputs: The input will be simple buttons/switches that will allow a user to execute the following operations: start, stop, accelerate, decelerate the motor, and also possibly change the motor direction. The input signal will be sent to the control circuit through the wireless interface. 3) Wireless Interface: The interface will receive a signal from the user input and send it to the control circuit. The RF module will send the encoded signal from a transmitter to a receiver. The received signal will be decoded to appropriate signal, and it will be fed into the control circuit. 4) Control: The control circuit will determine the speed and the direction of the motor. One of the received signals received from user inputs will be a control reference. It will be fed into the PWM circuit to generate an appropriate duty ratio that will be sent to the gate drive of the buck converter. The control circuit also will receive a direction/stop command from the user inputs. It will be fed into the H-Bridge circuit in order to allow the motor to stop or change its direction.

5) H-Bridge: The H-Bridge circuit will enable the motor to choose the direction that it is supposing to be running in and also to come to a complete stop if that is what the user instructed. H-Bridge circuit will receive signals from the control circuit for the user defined action. 6) Buck Converter: The buck converter, or step-down converter, is a switching dc-dc converter that will produce output voltage lower than the source. It will have an input voltage of 12 V from the lead-acid battery and will be designed to output voltage from 0 V- 12 V. The output voltage will determine the duty ratio from the control circuit and this output voltage of the converter will be interfaced to the motor to control its speed. 7) Motor: A 12 V permanent magnet dc motor will be supplied by a user. It will be used up to continuous load at 150 W and 250 W for one minute. PERFORMANCE REQUIREMENTS: Input voltage of 12 Vdc Output voltage ranging from 0 V to 12 Vdc, depending on the user specification. Motor loads ranging upto continuous 150 W or 250 W for a minute. Efficiency greater than 85%. Current ripple 5%. Voltage ripple less than 2%. Wireless control in distances in excess of 300 ft.

BLOCK DIAGRAM

Light sensor Microcontroller

Fan2

Fan1

Temperature sensor Humidity sensor Co2 sensor

Device driver circuitry

RF Transmitter

RF Receiver

Artificial light

LCD display

FUTURE IMPLEMENTATION
The features of our project can be enhanced by using GSM technology to send request to a particular greenhouse either by using SMS or by making a call to know about the various parameters such as light intensity, temperature and humidity. To automate this operation, we can interface GSM modem to PC and this operation can be supported by languages like Visual Basic or Java which are basically called Graphical User Interface Languages.