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Contents

Starter A
Unit 1
Verb be: present simple Subject pronouns Question words Articles Plural nouns

1-3

Unit 2
Verb have got: present simple Possessive adjectives there is / there are this, that, these, those adjectives

4-6

Starter B
Unit 3
Present simple positive Pronunciation of -s Present simple negative Present simple questions and short answers Lets

7-9

Unit 4
Modal verb can interested in / good at / terrible at Present continuous positive Possessive s

10 -12

Unit 1 Where are you from?


Grammar reference
Verb be: present simple
Positive Full form I am You are He/She/It is We are They are Negative Full form I am not You are not He/She/It is not We are not They are not Questions Am I...? Are you...? Is he/she/it...? Are we...? Are they...? Short form Im not You arent He/She/It isnt We arent They arent Short answers Yes, I am. Yes, you are. Yes, he/she/it is. Yes, we are. Yes, they are. No, Im not. No, you arent. No, he/she/it isnt. No, we arent. No, they arent. Short form Im Youre Hes/Shes/Its Were Theyre

Subject pronouns
Singular I you he she it

A j
Plural we you they

Starter

Always include the subject of the verb (noun or pronoun). Mark is my brother. He is good at Maths. NOT Mark is my brother. Is good at Maths. Always write I with a capital letter. Youre English and Im Italian. Use you for both singular and plural, polite and familiar forms. You are brilliant. Use it about things. Its a digital camera.

Question words
What? Where? Which? How old? Who? Why? How? When?

Use short forms in spoken English and when writing a dialogue, messages, notes, cards and informal letters. Dont shorten the expression This is. This is my web page. NOT Thiss my web page. Use the verb be to talk about facts, opinions and health. Seb and Ginny are students. Shes fantastic. How are you? Use the verb be to describe people and things. Joes a great singer. The boys next door arent very nice. My bedroom is small.

Articles
There are three articles in English: the, a, an. Use the for specific items things you already know. the picture on the wall Use the for things that are unique. the sun the English Use a/an for general things when you dont know which one, or it doesnt matter. She lives in a house. Hes in a band. Use a before words that begin with a consonant. a drummer a great guitarist Use an before words that begin with a vowel. an actress an international language

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Use a or an to talk about professions. Hes a doctor. NOT Hes doctor. Some phrases dont have an article. at school in bed

Plural nouns
Add an -s to form the plural of most nouns. an actor actors a mobile phone mobile phones For words that end in a consonant + -y, change -y to -i and add -es. party parties Some nouns have irregular plurals. You have to learn them by heart. Singular person child man woman Irregular plural people children men women

twenty-nine thirty forty fifty sixty seventy eighty ninety a hundred

Countries
Austria Belgium Denmark France Germany Greece Hungary Ireland Italy Luxembourg (the) Netherlands Northern Ireland Norway Portugal Romania Scotland Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey (the) UK Wales

Word list
Numbers
one two three four five six seven eight nine ten eleven twelve thirteen fourteen fifteen sixteen seventeen eighteen nineteen twenty twenty-one twenty-two twenty-three twenty-four twenty-five twenty-six twenty-seven twenty-eight

Nationalities
Austrian Belgian British Danish Dutch French German Greek Hungarian Irish Italian Luxembourgois Norwegian Portuguese Romanian Spanish Swedish Swiss Turkish

Helbling Languages 2010 Please photocopy this page for use in class.

Vocabulary
Numbers
1 Write the numbers.
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 8 __________ eight 13 __________ 18 __________ 21 __________ 28 __________ 40 __________ 50 __________ 80 __________ 90 __________ 100 __________

Subject pronouns
2 Match the questions and answers. Complete the replies with the correct subject pronoun.
1 2 3 4 5 a b c e d What is that? Where are U2 from? Where am I? What band are you and your friends in? How old is your mother? __________re from Ireland. __________re in London. __________s a photo of my family. It __________re in The Blues. __________s 45.

A
c L L L L L

Countries and nationalities


2 Complete the missing countries or nationalities.
1 Helen is G__________ and she says Greece is beautiful. reek 2 Sabine comes from the N__________. Shes Dutch. 3 Rob is British but he isnt from England hes from N__________ I__________. 4 People from Norway are N__________. 5 My friend lives in Romania but shes not R__________ shes from France, so shes F__________. 6 Danish people are from D__________ and Swedish people are from S__________. 7 My mum is from Spain. Shes S__________. 8 Jacks best friend comes from S__________. Hes Swiss.

Question words
3 Complete the question words.

hat W__________ is your phone number? H__________ are you? W__________ are you sad today? W__________ do you get home? W__________ do you live? H__________ do you come to school? W__________ singer do you like best Katy Perry or Pink? 8 W__________ lives in your house with you?
1 2 3 4 5 6 7

Articles
4 Complete the sentences with a, an or (if no article is necessary).
1 2 3 4 5 6 I live at __________ home. Is that __________ new mobile phone? Its __________ ice cream. Thats __________ great guitar. My brother is still at __________ school. English is __________ international language.

Grammar
Verb be: present simple
1 Complete the dialogues with the correct form of the verb be.
1 A B 2 A B 3 A B 4 A B 5 A B 6 A B 7 A B 8 A B __________ you happy? Are No, I __________. I dont like this party. __________ they from Italy? Yes, they __________. __________ Susie your girlfriend? No! She __________ my girlfriend! How old __________ your brother? Its his birthday today. He __________ 15. __________ this song by Duffy? Yes. She __________ a great singer, isnt she? __________ these your CDs? No, they __________. I dont like rap. __________ you and Marco Italian? No, we __________. We __________ Portuguese. Jack Black __________ a very funny actor. Yes, he __________.

Plural nouns
5 Write the plurals of these nouns.
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 umbrella phone school actor nationality photo dog country child baby

umbrellas __________________ __________________ __________________ __________________ __________________ __________________ __________________ __________________ __________________ __________________

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Unit 1
3

A j
Positive I/You/We/They He/She/It Negative I/You/We/They He/She/It Questions Have Has Short answers Yes, No, Yes, No,

Starter

Unit 2 Hes got a band


Possessive adjectives are always the same. They dont change form for the feminine or plural. Andrew has got my CDs and my CD player. Never use an article in front of a possessive adjective. This is your camera. NOT This is the your camera. got a car.

Grammar reference
Verb have (got): present simple
have/ve has/s

there is / there are


Positive Negative There isnt a bed. There arent any chairs. Short answers Yes, there is. No, there isnt. Yes, there are. No, there arent. Singular Theres a bed. There are chairs. Questions

have not/havent has not/hasnt

got

a car.

Plural

I/you/we/they he/she/it

got a car?

Singular Plural

Is there a TV? Are there any CDs?

I/you/we/they he/she/it

have. havent. has. hasnt.

In British English use the verb have got to talk about possessions. Ive got a new camera. We havent got an mp3 player. Has she got a cat?

Possessive adjectives
Pronouns I you he she it we they Possessive adjectives my your his her its our their

Use There is before a singular noun or a list which begins with a singular noun. The short form is Theres. Theres a poster. Theres a computer, a desk and a chair. Use There are before one or more plural nouns. There is no short form. There are books and magazines. Use any + plural noun in questions and negatives. There arent any tables. Are there any desks? Use some + plural noun in positive sentences. There are some chairs.

this, that, these, those


Singular this that Plural these those

Use his if the possessor is male. Where is Rick? Ive got his guitar. Use her if the possessor is female. Where is Chloe? Ive got her T-shirt. Use its if the possessor is a thing or an animal. Wheres the cat? Ive got its dinner here. There are three possessive adjectives for the 3rd person singular.

Use this, these and that, those in front of a noun (as an adjective). This picture is nice. Use this and these to talk about someone or something nearby. This is my chair. Use that and those to talk about someone or something further away. That is my car.

Helbling Languages 2010 Please photocopy this page for use in class.

Adjectives
In English, adjectives do not change. purple walls NOT purples walls They come in front of the noun. a big washbasin NOT a washbasin big They come after the verb be. My room is big. NOT My room big is.

Classroom things
board book calculator chair clock desk door exercise book keyboard mouse paper pen pencil pencil case printer screen table

A
Unit 2
5

Word list
Possessions
badge bicycle camcorder CD player CDs computer computer game designer watch digital camera football guitar laptop magazines mobile phone mp3 player poster skateboard telephone TV

Vocabulary
Possessions
1 Write the possessions.
1 You take photographs with this. i g i t a l _ me r _ d______ ca___a 2 You call your friends on this. m _ _ _ _ _ p _ _ _ _ 3 You listen to music on this. m _ _ p _ _ _ _ _ 4 You make music with this. g _ _ _ _ _ 5 You work or play games on this. l _ _ _ _ _ 6 You read these. m _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

Colours
black blue (pale blue) brown green grey orange pink purple red white yellow

Colours
2 Write the letters in the correct order to make colours.
1 2 3 4 5 6 Ive got a grnee carpet. ____________ green Theres a wlyleo armchair. ____________ Ive got a nkip T-shirt. ____________ Her favourite colour is rppelu. ____________ Hes got a klbca mobile phone. ____________ My room has got naroeg walls. ____________

Furniture
armchair bath carpet curtains sofa wardrobe washbasin

Classroom things
3 Complete the missing words.
I like the classroom at school. I keep my 1 b__________ ooks in my 2 d__________. Ive got a lot of 3 p__________ and 4 p__________ in my 5 p__________ c__________. Theres a big 6 b__________ and the teacher writes on that. I sit at the front so I can see. Theres a computer in the classroom too. Its got a 7 s__________, a 8 m__________ and a 9 k__________. The students sometimes put 10 p__________ in the 11 p__________.

Helbling Languages 2010 Please photocopy this page for use in class.

Grammar
Verb have (got): present simple
1 Complete the sentences with the positive form of have got. Use short forms if possible.
1 2 3 4 5 6 1 2 3 4 5 6 1 2 3 4 5 6 We __________ a new teacher this year. ve got You __________ my pen! I __________ a cat. The boys __________ a computer. Tom __________ a bike and a skateboard. My sister __________ pink curtains in her room.

there is / there are


6 Circle T (True) or F (False). Correct the false sentences.

2 Make the sentences in exercise 1 negative.

We havent got a new teacher this year.

3 Make questions from the sentences in exercise 1.

Have we got a new teacher this year?


1 2 3 4 5 6 There are some chairs. T / F No, there arent any chairs. Theres a bed. T / F There arent any clothes. T / F There isnt a wardrobe. T / F Theres a TV. T / F There arent any exercise books. T / F

Possessive adjectives
4 Complete the sentences with the correct possessive adjective.
1 Thats my dad. __________ names Bob. His 2 We are in the same class. __________ teacher is Mrs Grant. 3 Thats __________ cat. __________ name is Tiger. 4 Thats my mum. __________ names Lucy. 5 Hey, Elsa! Is that __________ bag? 6 My best friends are here. __________ names are Amy and Sue.

7 Write questions about the room and answer them.


1 2 3 4 5 6 computer? Is there a computer? Yes, there is. curtains? CDs? telephone? washbasin? posters?

this, that, these, those


5 Match the pictures with the sentences.
A B C

Adjectives
8 Write the words in the correct order.
1 pale / Ive / car / got / blue / a

Ive got a pale blue car.


2 a / armchair / theres / red 3 curtains / got / black / shes

1 2 3 4

Look at this photo. Look at that photo. Look at these photos. Look at those photos.

L L L L

4 got / a / Juliets / watch / new 5 expensive / its / camera / an 6 bicycles / any / there / yellow / arent

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Unit 3 She likes films


Grammar reference
Present simple positive
Present simple positive I / You / We / They He / She / It like likes music.

For verbs that have a base form ending in -ch, -s, -sh, -x or -z, the letter e is added before the letter s. Form the present simple negative with: Subject (I, you, we, they) + do not / dont + base form of the verb he, she, it + does not / doesnt + base form of the verb Usage Use the present simple to talk about: actions in our daily routine. They dont go to the gym in the morning. likes or dislikes. She doesnt like dancing. facts that are always true. He doesnt play an instrument.

B j

Starter

Form the present simple positive with: subject (I, you, we, they) + base form of the verb Form the third person singular of the present simple positive with: subject (he, she, it) + base form of verb + -s Usage Use the present simple to talk about: facts that are always true, habits and routines. He plays the guitar. He watches TV every Saturday. likes and dislikes. We like rock music. Jason hates TV.

Present simple questions and short answers


Yes / no questions Do Does Do I / you he / she / it we / you / they go to a gym?

Pronunciation of s
Pronounce a final -s as /s/ after the consonants /p/, /t/, /k/, /f/ or /T/. helps, gets, likes, laughs, paths Pronounce a final -s as /z/ after the consonants /b/, /d/, /g/, /v/, /D/, /l/, /m/, /n/, /N/ and the vowels. robs, lands, bags, lives, bathes, travels, comes, wins, sings, knows Pronounce a final -es as /Iz/ after /s/, /z/, /tS/, /dZ/, /S/ sounds. passes, dances, buzzes, watches, judges, washes

Short answers: positive I / you Yes, he / she / it we / you / they Short answers: negative I / you No, he / she / it we / you / they Wh- questions do Where does do I / you he / she / it we / you / they live? dont. doesnt. dont. do. does. do.

Present simple negative


Negative Full form I / You He / She / It We / You / They Short form I / You He / She / It We / You / They dont doesnt dont speak French. do does do not speak French.

Form present simple questions with: do + I/you/we/they + base form of the verb does + he/she/it + base form of the verb Form present simple positive short answers with: Yes, I/you/we/they + do. Yes, he/she/it + does. Form present simple negative short answers with: No, I/you/we/they + dont. No, he/she/it + doesnt.

Helbling Languages 2010 Please photocopy this page for use in class.

If the question begins with an interrogative pronoun, adjective or adverb (Wh- question), use: interrogative + do / does + subject + base form of the verb Do you understand Chinese? No, I dont. Does she want milk in her coffee? Yes, she does. When do they finish classes?

Vocabulary
Days
1 Which day(s):
1 2 3 4 5 6 do you have English lessons? __________ do you see your friends? __________ do you do a lot of homework? __________ do you go shopping? __________ do you like best? __________ Why? dont you like? __________ Why?

Lets
Use lets (let us) + base form of the verb to form the we form of the imperative. Lets go. Use lets + base form to suggest doing something with someone else. Lets use my laptop.

Months
2 Complete the months.

Ju __________ly
S__________r D__________ber F__________ry

Word list
Days
Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Saturday Sunday

N__________ber

A__________il M__________h O__________

Au__________t M__________ Ja__________y

__________ne

Months
January February March April May June July August September October November December

3 Write the months.


1 2 3 4 5 6 When is your birthday? __________ When is your mums / dads birthday? __________ When is your friends birthday? __________ When is Christmas? __________ When do you go on holiday? __________ Which is your favourite month? __________ Why?

Free-time activities
4 Match 18 with ah to make free-time activities.
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 do go listen play read talk watch send a b c d e f g h to friends online books / magazines TV / DVDs emails shopping computer games to music / the radio homework / water sports

Free-time activities
do homework do water sports draw go shopping / to the gym / to the cinema listen to music / the radio play computer games / football / tennis read books / magazines send emails surf swim talk to friends online watch TV / DVDs windsurf

5 Write true sentences about the activities in exercise 4.


1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

I do my homework in my room.

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Grammar
Present simple positive
1 Complete the sentences with the correct form of the verbs in brackets.
1 2 3 4 5 6 Emily ____________ her emails every morning. (read) reads Prince William ____________ playing football. (enjoy) Tom ____________ books. (write) I ____________ a little English. (speak) My girlfriend ____________ samba. (dance) Jill ____________ and ____________ the guitar. (sing, play) 7 My sisters ____________ in the summer. (surf) 8 My brothers ____________ in a gym. (work)

Interviewer

Gail Interviewer Gail Interviewer Gail

Interviewer Gail Interviewer Gail

2 Complete the sentences with the correct form of the verbs in brackets. Be careful with spelling!
1 2 3 4 5 6 Carly ____________ bicycles. (fix) fixes He ____________ in a big house. (live) My sister ____________ football. (play) Bill ____________ a lot. (sleep) Chris ____________ all his exams. (pass) Simon ____________ TV every night. (watch)

So Gail, I hear you and your boyfriend are in a band. 1 __________ you perform in Do public? Yes, we 2 __________. 3 __________ you sing? Yes, I 4 __________, but Martin 5 __________. 6 __________ Martin play an instrument? Yes, he 7 __________. Hes a great guitarist. I 8 __________ play anything, I just sing. Im sure you sing very well. 9 __________ you do anything else in your free time? Well, yes, I 10 __________. I paint. Martin 11 __________ paint, but hes a good actor. 12 __________ he act in plays? Yes, he 13 __________. Hes great.

B
Unit 3
9

4 Write the words in the correct order to make questions.


1 music / like / of / what / do / kind / you

What kind of music do you like?


2 shopping / you / where / do / go 3 on Sunday / breakfast / for / you / have / what / do 4 weekend / at the / who / computer / plays / games 5 films / do / on your computer / watch / you 6 up / time / get / what / do / you / on Fridays 7 instrument / a / do / play / musical / you 8 do / when / you / the weekend / go out / at

Present simple negative, questions and short answers


3 Read the information about Gail and her boyfriend, Martin. Then complete the dialogue with do, does, dont or doesnt.

Lets
5 Make suggestions with lets for these situations.
1 Your friend is bored. 2 You and your friend are hungry. 3 Your brother has got a test. 4 You are at the beach with friends. Gail performs in public sings plays in a band plays an instrument paints acts Martin

3 3 3 8 3 8

3 8 3 3 8 3

5 Its your teachers birthday tomorrow. 6 The TV doesnt work.

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B j
Modal verb can
Positive Negative Questions Can

Starter

Unit 4 Can you dance?


Present continuous positive
Full form I can swim. You He / She / It We / You / They cant swim. Short form Im Youre Hes / Shes / Its Were / Youre / Theyre can. cant. Form the present continuous with the present tense of the verb be followed by the -ing form of the main verb. Form the positive with: subject + am / are / is (full forms) + -ing form subject + m / re / s (short forms) + -ing form Usage Use the present continuous to talk about: actions happening at the moment of speaking. Martha cant hear you. Shes talking on the phone. temporary situations. Were revising for the exam today. am are is are walking fast.

Grammar reference

I / You / He / She / It / We / They

I / You / He / She / It / We / They

I / you / he / she / it / we / they

swim?

walking fast.

Short answers Yes, No, I / you / he / she / it / we / they I / you / he / she / it / we / they

Can is a modal verb that means to be able to, to know how to. Remember, with modal verbs: dont add an -s when the subject is he, she or it. He can surf. use the base form of the verb, ie the infinitive without to. I can swim. in the negative use modal + not + the base form. He cannot (cant) swim. in questions modal verbs come before the subject. Can you swim? Usage Use can to express ability or the possibility of doing something. I can play the piano. She cant play tonight. Can you come tomorrow?

Possessive s
Show that something belongs to someone by adding s (apostrophe + s) after their name. Put the name of the person before the thing. Dont use the article. This is Peters book. Have you got Helens address?

interested in / good at / terrible at


Some adjectives need a preposition after them. You have to learn these by heart. When a preposition is followed by a verb, use the -ing form. I am interested in English. I am good at swimming. She is terrible at playing football.

10

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Word list
Abilities
act cook a meal dance do maths in your head download music draw juggle make a web page paint play a musical instrument remember birthdays ride a bike send an email send text messages tell jokes use a calculator

Family
2 Look at the family tree and circle the correct word.

B
Unit 4
11

John + Suzanna

Family
aunt brother children cousin daughter father (dad) grandchildren granddaughter grandfather grandmother grandparents grandson husband mother (mum) parents sister son uncle wife

Eric + Anna

Heidi + Richard

Vocabulary
Activities
1 Write the letters in the correct order to make activities.
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 loodnwad siucm apyl a silucma trumtinsen breemmer hbdyirtas sned xtet segssame gjeugl npita eltl sekoj sue a clautalorc _____________________ download music _____________________ _____________________ _____________________ _____________________ _____________________ _____________________ _____________________

Amy 1 2 3 4 5 6 7

Conor

Luke

Tim

Suzanna is Johns husband / wife. John is Lukes grandfather / uncle. Suzanna is Lukes mother / grandmother. Heidi is Johns daughter / aunt. Eric and Heidi are Johns children / grandchildren. Heidi is Erics aunt / sister. Amy, Conor, Luke and Tim are Johns grandsons / grandchildren. 8 Amy is Conors cousin / sister. 9 Eric is Tims father / uncle. 10 Anna is Amys daughter / mother.

Helbling Languages 2010 Please photocopy this page for use in class.

Grammar
Modal verb can
1 Write questions using can and the words listed. Write true answers.
spell tell do play remember maths in your head difficult words a musical instrument names jokes 4 My parents / drink / coffee 3 Greg / help / his parents

1 Can you spell difficult words? Yes, I can. Im good at spelling. 2 3 4 5

interested in / good at / terrible at


2 Write the prepositions. Then complete the sentences for you.
1 2 3 4 Im interested Im not interested Im good Im terrible . . . .

5 Her brother / play / a computer game

6 I / send / a text message

Present continuous positive


3 Complete the sentences with the correct form of the verbs in brackets.
Right now 1 I ____________ an email. (write) 2 My mum ____________ the piano. (play) 3 My brother ____________ a DVD. (watch) 4 My friends ____________ football. (play) 5 My teacher ____________ on the board. (write)

7 Paolo / do / his homework

4 Write positive sentences.

8 My dad / cook / dinner

1 Susi / write / a letter

Possessive s
5 Write five sentences about who things in your house belong to.

Susi is writing a letter.

Its my dads laptop.

2 Janice / download / music

12

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