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'GATE - 2001

M"'E:;Mech~~ical Engineering
''-0'''-'':;' '." ". ,'"

ME~l.:\ ~,,q~tipn~Qn~i~s~rw;~N:n;,J~I\{E~&\1Prq~"tions (1.1 -1.25) of ONE marks each. Foreach of these sub-questions, four pos~~ble answers (A,B,C and D) re given, out of which only one is correct. Answer ~ ~b..:~4~tion by darkening the appropiate bubble on the OBJECTIVE REs,q~?Hft't~)I1Sing a soft HB pencil. Do not the ORS for any rough work. You may[~eilo uii: th~ ~swer Book for any rough work, if needed.

~'~~::'~} >~~_.t .~t;~~~:~~~'"


1.1 The divergence of vector
(a)

~ *
,~

~;;",,;!

:::s:' "

(25

1 = 25)

r = xi + YJ + zk

is
(b) 3 (d)

i +J +k

(c) 0

1.2 Consider the system of eqtiati"aris:giv~n below:

.x:.+,Y,f2,
,j'

2x+ 2yr:;i5
(b) no solution (d) four solutions = x at x = O? (b) -1 (d) Does not exist

This system has (a) "o.nesoluti~f (c)infirii~'SOfutions


''$,'

1.3 What t~;t.i~.derlY4fi~e of/(x) (a) 1( (c) 0 \


.... "..
,

~ .,/ ~... ...~ 1.4 The gauss di\fergence theorem relates certain (a) surface integrals to volume integrals (b) surface integrals to line integrals :u!J 01 (1l1lJ~~tQtquant.t~ w>othklr,,}!eCWt~~i <,I(hIS:Jf.l 10 fl)hc'. 10 (d) line integrals to volume integrals :) ,/ ()~ ....f: 1.5 For a spring-loaded roller-follower dtj>:eh WIth a disc earn, (a) the pressure angle should byblrger d)lring rise than that during return for ease of .. . V ..----.-t2~ r'f< trasmlttmg mohon v---(b) the pressure angle shoul~be smaller during rise than that during return for ease of
... .-/'

transmitting
(c) the

P~~Gf~ Rh~:JSl\iu1d~~~la-?el~ftlif
.1UUh!19d

motion..

"_'

..'

..'

t ran:>Illltlfng mono.. " .,. the ressure an Ie does ;:b~'?fiit'-1h~')J:):',&jt:f (d) P g snfjjn<3Go; ~9j:;SI~1~

01 u;;d~';w:i!F,

21 :Jd 1B~llJd

gJ.1fun9d 01 b9t.::.9fCW;;; 10ft ;'J. df'.


.'
y.

sr1~~r~c'1 ~kt(~~9War'htg:~1ul.wjf6~,!ease
Hid fq)

.,.,

>

."

of

2k~~WP '1O{in~I\Jil{j 1~H1Ji9n (t) . 'HE _W-~;n/} Hil; i:1sd rltncl

1.6 The shaps f the bending moment diagram for a uniform cantilever beanl carrying a uniformly distributed load over its length is (a) a suraight line (b) a hyperbola (c) an elipse (d) a parabola 1.7 In the figure shown, the spring deflects by a to position A (the equilibrium position) when a mass m is kept on it. During free vibration, the mass is at position B at some instant. The change in potential energy of the spring-mass system from position A to position B is

'I:
(a)

.!.kx2 2

(b)

-kx -mgx 2

(c) -k(x+5)2

(d) -kx2+mgx
2

1.8 A particple P is projected from the earth surface at liatitude 45 with escape velocity v = 11.19km/s. The velocity direction makes an angle a with the local vertical. The particle will escape the earth's gravitational field

1.9 Bars AB and BC, each of negleble mass, support load P as shown in the figure. In this .arrangement, c

p
(a) (b) (c) (d)

bar AB is subjected to bending but bar Be is not subjected to bending bar AB is not subjected to bending but bar BC is subjected to bending neither bar AB nor bar Be is subjected to bending both bars AB and BC are subjected to bending

(b) (d)

X
X

1.11 Which of the following statement is correct? (a) Flywheel reduces speed fluctuations during a cycle for a constant load, but flywheel

does not control the mean speed of the engine if the load changes (b) Flywheel does not educe speed fluctuations during a cycle for a constant load, but flywheel does control the mean speed of the engine if the load changes (c) Governor controla speed fluctuations during a cycle for a constant load, but governor does not control the mean speed of the engine if the load change (d) Governor controls speed fluctuations during a cycle for a constant load, and governor also controls the mean speed of the engine if the load changes The 51unit of kinematic viscosity (v) is
(a)
/112/

/sec

(b) (d)

kg/ 7(m - sec)


m
3

Isec2

1.13 A static fluid can have (a) (b) (c) (d)

non-zero normal and shear stress negative normal stress and zero shear stress positive normal stress and zero shear stress zero normal stress and non-zero shear stress

1.14 A gas having a negative Joule-Thompson coefficient (~< 0), when throtteled, will (a) (b) (c) (d)

become cooler become warmer remain at the same temperature either be cooler or warmer depending on the type of gas

1.15 Lumped heat transfer analysis of a solid object suddenly exposed to a fluid medium at a

different temperature is valid when (a) Biot number < 0.1 (b) Biot number> 0.1 (c) Fourier number < 0.1 (d) Fourier number> 0.1
1.16 The Rateau turbine belonzc;to the category of (a) (b) (c) (d)

pressure compounded turbine reaction turbine velocity compounded turbine redial flow turbine

1.17 For the circular tube of equal length and diameter shown below, the view factor F13 is 0.17. The view factor F12 in this case will be (a) 0.17 A
J

(b) 0.21 (e) 0.79

Az

,--

T L=D -l

(d) 0.83

LD~

1.18 In descending order of magnitude, the thermal conductivity of (a) pure iron, (b) liquid water, (e)saturated water vapour, and (d) pure aluminum can be arranged as (a) abed (b) bead (e) dab e (d) deb a 1.19 Shrinkage allowance on pattern is provided to compensate for shrinkage when (a) the temperature of liquid metal drops from pouring to freezing temperature (b) the metal changes from liquid to solid state at freezing temperature (e) the temperature of solid phase drops from freezing to room temperature (d) the temperature of metal drops from pouring to room temperature 1.20 The cutting force in punching and blanking operations mainly depends on (a) the modulus of elasticity of metal (b) the shear strength of metal (e) the bluk modulus of metal (d) the yield strength of metal 1.21 In ECM, the material removal is due to (a) corrosion (b) erosion (e) fusion (d) ion displacement 1.22 Two plates of the same metal having equal thickness are to be butt welded with electric are. When the plate thickness changes, welding is achieved by (a) adjusting the current (b) adjusting the duration of current (e) changing the electrode size (d) changing the electrode coating 1.23 Allowance in limits and fits refers to (a) maximum clearance between shaft and hole (b) minimum clearance between shaft and hole (e) difference between maximum and minimum size of hole (d) difference between maximum and minimum size of shaft 1.24 Production flow analysis (PFA) is a method of identifying part families that uses data from (a) engineering drawings (b) production schedule (e) bill of materials (d) route sheets 1.25 When using a simple moving average to forecast demand, one would (a) give equal weight to all demand data (b) assign more weight to the recent demand data (e) include new demand data in the average without discarding the earlier data (d) include new demand data in the average after discarding some of the earlier domand data

ME-2 This question consists of TWENTY FIVE sub-questions (2.1 - 2.25) of TWO :.narks each. For each of these sub-questions four possible answers (A, B, C and D) are given, out of which only one is correct. Answer each sub-question by darkening the appropriate bubble on the OBJECTIVE RESPONSE SHEET (ORS) using a soft HB pencil. Do not use the ORS for any rough work. You may like to use the Answer Book for any rough work, if needed. (25 x 2 = 50) 2.1 The minimum (a) x=l point of the function f(x)

= (x3/3)
(d)

- x is at (b) x=-l

.J3
a non-zero column matrix A of

2.2 The rank of a 3 x 3 matrix C ( size 3 x 1 and a nop-zero (a) 0 (c) 2 2.3 An unbiased two cases is (a) 1/9 (c) 2/3

= AB),

found by multiplying

row matrix B of size 1 x 3, is (b) 1 (d) 3

coin is tossed three times. The probability (b) 1/8 (d) 3/8

that the head turns up in exactly

2.4 Two helical tensile springs of the same material and also having identical mean coil diameter and weight, have wire diameters (a) 1 (c) 64 The maximum (a) cr principle d and d/2. The ratio of their stiffnesses (b) 4 (d) 128 stress for the stress state shown in the figure is is

2.6 The sun gear in the figure is driven clockwise at 100 rpm. The ring gear is held stationary. For the number (a) 0 rpm of teeth shown on the gears, the arm rotates at

2.7 For the loading on truss shown in the figure, the force in member CD is
(a) 0 kN

.;

C lk1f

E lk1f

...

Bodies 1 and 2 shown in the 'figure have equal mass m. All surfaces are smooth. The value of force P required to prevent sliding of body 2 on body 1 is (a) P = 2mg
(b) P = .,fimg (c) P (d) P

= 2.,fimg

= mg

2.9 The assembly shown in the figure is composed of two massless rods of length 1 with two particles, each of mass m. The natural frequency of this assembly for small oscillations is
(a)

fiTi

(b) ~2gj(lcosa)

(c) ~g j(lcosa)

(d) ~(gcosa)

j1

2.10 Mass M slides in a frictionless slot in the horizontal dircection and the bob of mass m is hinged to mass M at C, through a rigid massless rod. This system is released from rest with e = 30. At the instant when e = 0, the velocities 01 m and M can be determined using the fact that, for the system (i.e., m and M together),

(a) the linear momentum in x and y directions are conserved but the energy is not conserved (b) the linear momentum in x and y dii"ections are conserved and the energy is also

conserved
(c) the linear momentum in x direction is conserved and the energy is also conserved (d) the linear momentum in y direction is conserved and the energy is also conserved

2.11 A cyclic heat engine does 50 kJ of work per cycle. If the efficiency of the heat engine is 75%, the heat rejected per cycle is
(a) 16 (c) 2

3
1

kJ

(b) (d)

33

3
2

kJ

37

kJ

66- kJ' 3

2.12 A single-acting two-stage compressor with complete intercooling delivers air at 16 bar. Assuming an intake state of 1 bar at 15C, the pressure ratio per stage is
(a) 16 (c) 4 (b) 8 (d) 2

2.13 The horizontal and vertical hydrostatic forces Fx and Fy on the semi-circular gate, having a width w into the plane of figure, are (a) F = pghrw and Fy = 0
y

2.14 The 2-D flow with, velocity ii


(a) (b) (c) (d)

= (x

+ 2y + 2)

+ (4 - y)

is

comprsssible and irrotational compressible and not irrotational incompressible and irrotational incompressible and not irrotational

2.15 A small steam whistle (perfectly insulated and doing no shaft work) causes a drop of 0.8

kJ Ikg in the enthalpy of steam from entry to exit. If the kinetic energy of the steam at entry is negligible, the velocity of the steam at exit is (a) 4 mls (c) 80 mls 2.16 For air at a given (a) the wet bulb (b) the wet bulb (c) the wet bulb (d) the wet bulb temperature, temperature temperature temperature temperature
(b) 40 mls (d) 120 mls

as the relative humidity is increased isothermally, and specific enthaplpy increase adn specific enthalpy decrease increases and specific enthalpy decreases decreases and specific enthalpy increases

2.17 Water (Prandtl number - 6) flows over a flat plate which is heated over the entire length.

Which one of the following relationship between the hydrodynamic boundary layer thickness (0) and the thermal boundary layer thickness (Ot) is true? (a) 0\ > 0 (b) 0\ < 0 (c) 0\ = 0 (d) Can not be predicted
2.18 In a spark ignition engine working on the ideal Otto cycle, the compression ratio is 5.5. The work output per cycle (i.e., area of the P-V diagram) is equal to 23.625 x 105 x Vc J, where

Vc is the clearance volume in m3. The indicated mean effective pressure is


(a) 4.295 bar (c) 86.870 bar (b) 5.250 bar (d) 106.300 bar
2 .

2.19 The height of the down-squre is 175 rom and its cross-sectional area at the base is 200 mm
2

The cross-sectional area of the horizontal runner is also 200 mm . Assuming no losses, indicate the correct choice for the time (in seconds) required to fill ~ mold cavity of volume 106 mm3. (Use g = m/s2).
(a) 2.67

(b) 8.45 (d) 84.50

(c) 26.72

2.20 For rigid perfectly-plastic work material, negligible interface friction and no redundant

work, the theoretically maximum possible reduction in the wire drawing operation is
(a) 0.36
(c) (b) 0.63 (d) 2.72

1.00

2.21 During orthogonal cutting of mild steel with a 10 rake angle tool, the chip thickness ratio was obtained as 0.4. The shear angle (in degrees) evaluated from this data is
(a) 6.53 (c) 22.94
(b) (d) 20.22 50.00

2.22 Resistance spot welding is performed on two plates of 1.5 mm thickness with 6 mm diameter electrode, using 15000 A current for a time duration of 0.25 seconds. Assuming the interface resistance to be 0.0001 Q, the heat generated to form the weld is (a) 5625 W-sec (b) 8437 W-sec (c) 22500 W-sec (d) 33750 W-sec 2.23 Fifty observations of a production operation revealed a mean cycle time of 10 min. The worker was evaluated to be performing at 90% efficiency. Assuming the allowances to be 101<, the normal time, the standard time (in seconds) for the job is of
(a) 0.198 (c) 9.0 (b) 7.3
(d) 9.9

2.24 3-2-1 method of location in a jig or fixture would collectively restrict the workpiece in n degrees of freedom, where the value of n is
(a) 6 (c) 9 (b) 8
(d) 12

2.25 In an NC machining

operation,

the tool has to be moved

from point (5,4) to point (7,2) the tool is at (5,4).

along a circular path with centre at (5,2). Before starting The correct G and M code for this motion is (a) NOlO G03 X7.0 Y2.0 15.0 J2.0 (b) NOlO G02 X7.0 Y2.0 15.0 J2.0 (c) NOlO GOI X7.0 Y2.0 15.0 J2.0 (d) NOlO GOOX7.0 Y2.0 15.0 J2.0 This section consists/of TWENTY questions these questions ME-3.Soleve have to be answered equation,

the operation,

of FIVE marks

each. ANY FIFTEEN out of

on the Answer

Book provided.

the differential

at x at x

= 0, = n/2,

y=l

y=n/2

ME-4. The figure shows an electric motor driving a maching under steady conditions by means of three straight-tooth spur gears having 25, 32, and 26 teeth. '"Vhediametral pitch is 4 teethl em and the pressure angle is 20. For the direction of motor rotation shown, determine the radial load acting on the shaft earring the idler.

r<

1J
Nozzle

Motor
rpIII N-tIl

2000
IS

~-)2:
ME-5. Water (p = 1000 kg/m3) conditions flows horizontally through a nozzle into the atmosphere under the given below. (Assume steady state flow).

1
Water (-)

AJ,"I,PJ At inlet: Al = 10-3 m2;

---

-::=

Az,Vz,Ij

(~

VI = 2 m/sec: PI = 3 x 105 Pa (gauge)

I ANSWERS
1.
1.1 (B)

WITH EXPLANATIONS \

OA ( -I ax

OA OA)(A +-j+-k
8y 0%

xi

A +yj+zk A)

1+1+1-3

=> Hence no .oolution. 1.3 (D) Expltmtltiort :


f(x) = f(x)"

~I
xforx> 0

-x for x<O

Hence from graph it is clear that derivative does not exist for x = O.
1.4 (A)

1.5 (C)
1.6 (D)

M=-

q;

is the equation of parabola.

I. 7 (B) Explanatio" : Potential energy at A = mg (/ _ 5) B:: mg [/- (5 + x)J 1 + 2" /oil 1 2" /oil-mg/+mgB.

mg/-mg(B+x)+

2" /oil-mgx.5
1.9 (C)

1.10 (C) 1.13 (C)

1.12 (A)

I. IS (A) I. 17 (0) ExpII!"lItio" :

1.16 ,\A) I - -2 r
1

and

i ..

0.5

F13
"

0.17,

1.18 (C) 1. 21 (0) 1.24 (B&C) 22.1 (A)

FI2 1 - F13 "" 1.19 (C) 1.22 (C) 1. 25 (0)

FlI - 0, Fu + FI2 + F 1 13 1- 0 - 17 .0.83 1.20 (B) 1. 23 (A)

For maximwn and minimwn value, or or


Again At At x

x3 I(x) "" --x 3 f(x) r-I f(x) 0


r-I

= 1,

X=-I,

~nce minimwn at

x f" (x) f" (x) f" (x) x

= 0 :J:I 2x 2>0 -2,0 1.

2.3 (0)

2.4 (C)

or

d4 K-kn
1t 1t a I

Since wire weight is the same, therefore


-d2n 4 ' 4 d2n
2 2

2. S (B)
Expltmlltioft: Maxi~um Principal stress,

a--+ 2

a+a

_a)2 (a-2

+a

GATE: 2001 -16

1.6 (B)
Explanation: Arm
SUD

Planet

Ring

+1 0 1

+1 80 30 -x30 20
S

+1
80

+1 -1 0

3~

For 5 Revolutions of Sun, Ann rotates by I . . for 100 revolutions of Sun, Ann rotates by
2.7 (A) Explanation: .

""5 20

100

1.

EI

iKN

FAC'" 0 F1,'" 0, Fcl'" O. Fac + Fro cas 450

IKN.

FCD sin 450 + 0 + 0 0 FCD


2.8 (0)

O.

Explanation:

(0)
ExpltUfatiolf :

Net restoring torque when displaced by a small angle 9,


't ""

sin9

lIIIl

't ""

mgcos (a.-9) /-m'g(a. + 9) /-2 mgicosa. sin 9 9 2mg/ cos a. 9 (restorative)

Now, But

I-2mP
2mP dt2
d2

..
or

e
d2
dt2

+ 2mg/ cos a. e

e
+

g cosa.

e
- 0
0)" -

..
2.10

~gCO/Ia.

(C)
Explalfatiolf : TI- 0.75,

2.11 (A) W

..
or Also or Net heat input,

TlRI

Q;" -

0.75

50 200 Q1 - 0.75 - -3W- QI-Q2

50Net heat required,


Q2 -

3
50

200 -Q2

..
2.12

'3 - 16." KJ

(C)
ExpltUfatiolf :

2.13 (0)
ExpltUfatiolf :

F. - 2pghrw
7U'2 nr2 pgw FI -w 2 -w I - - 2' pglCw- --- 2

2.14 (0) EJ;pltuetltiolf:

,,-x+2y+2,

V - (x + 2y + 2) v- 4-y

i + (4-y)

GATE: 2001 -18

au
.,

au
::lo.
v)'

=1 Ox

=-1

au au
"

Ox + Oy = 0, hence incompressible.

Again

CJ)

1 -Ox Oy 1 = -2 (Ov - -Ov) = -2' (0-

2) -1 hence not irrotational

'

2.15 (8) Explanation:


VI

Here or

= 0, therefore, =

h I = ..:l. + h2 2
)

V2

V 2

J2 (hI - h

==

J2 x 0.8 x 1000

== 40

rnlsec.

1.16 (A& C) 1.17 (8) Explanation :


Here or
"

5 -'"'(P,Y'
St p,=6>1 8

- >1 St B> St

1. 18 (8) Explanation:
V r = V

= 5.5
x

P"'_ (V-Ve) = 23.625 P -P"'

10 Joules
5

23.625 x 10 4.5

= 5.25

105 pascal

= 5.25 bar
t
=

1.19 (A) Explanation:

time required to fill the mould

V
= Vg.Ag

106 mm3
= 200 mm3

J2gh,

200

J2

10 x 10 x 0.175

2.67

Explanation:
where

r cos a. tan'"'I' = 1- r sin a.


r

0.4

and a

100

0.4 cos 100 tan~ = 1- 0.4 sin lOa

~=
1. 11 (A)

22.940

Explanation: Heat generated,


1. 13 (B & C) 3.

H = P RJ = (15000)2 x 0.001 x 0.25

= 5625

sec.

Let
It's Auxiliary Equation is,

d dx

D2 + I = 0
COS X

or

D=i Thus its complementary function is, C.F. = C1 Now, P.I.

+ C2 sin x

I D2

+ 1 (x) = (I + D2)-1 X
---

= (1- D2) X .. Complete solution = C.F. + P.I. or y = C. cos x + C2 sin x Applying boundary condition, we have

[neglecting higher order of 0]

+x

At
..

x=O,

y= I
I = C1 C. = 1
COS

0 + C2 sin 0'+ 0

or
=1t

1t

2'

y=

2
1t 1t 1t 1t

- =C cos- 2 +C sin2 2 2222 C2 = 0 Y = C, cosx+x

1t

+-=C

+-

Explanation:

r.p.m. of Idler = (2000 x ~~) Torque transmitted to Idler = T. T )( 2000 x 32

25

2000 x 15

32 T= 15 x 25 = 19.2N-m (Ftl-Fn) x 2 = 19.2 N.m