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2-27.

Convert the following pressures to the indicated absolute pressures:

a. 20.0 psig to atm abs with barometric pressure = 740mm Hg

Pabs = Patm + Pgage 740 mm Hg x 1 atm 760 mm Hg

Patm =

= 0.97 atm

20 psig

1 atm 14.7 psig

Pgage =

= 1.36 atm

Pabs = 1.36 atm + 0.97 atm = 2.33 atm

b. 28 Hg vacuum to mm Hg absolute with barometric pressure = 760 mm Hg

Pabs = Patm - Pvac

Patm = 1 atm = 760mm Hg

28 in Hg x

25.4 mm Hg 1 in Hg

Pgage =

= 711.2 mm Hg

Pabs = 760 mm Hg 711.2 mm Hg = 48.8 mm Hg

c. 4 H2O draft to mm Hg abs with barometric pressure = 760 mm Hg

Pabs = Patm - Pvac

Patm = 760 mm Hg

Pvac = 4 in H2O x 1 ft H2O 12 in H2O x 760 mm Hg 33.9 ft H2O = 7.47 mm Hg

Pabs = 760 mm Hg 7.47 mm Hg = 752.53 mm Hg

d. 5 H2O head to mm Hg abs with barometric pressure = 750 mm Hg

Pabs = Patm + Pgage

Patm = 750 mm Hg

Pgage = x 760 mm Hg 33.9 ft H2O = 9.34 mm Hg

Pabs = 750 mm Hg + 9.34 mm Hg = 759.34 mm Hg

e. Gage pressure of 60 psig to absolute pressure in kPa

Pabs = Patm + Pgage

Patm = 101.325 kPa Pgage = 60 psig x 101.325 kPa 14.7 psig

= 413.57 kPa

Pabs = 101.325 kPa + 413.57 kPa = 514.895 kPa

f. Vacuum pressure of 22 in Hg to absolute pressure in mm Hg

Pabs = Patm - Pvac

Patm = 760 mm Hg

Pvac = 22 in Hg x 25.4 mm Hg 1 in Hg

= 558.8 mm Hg

Pabs = 760 mm Hg 558.8 mm Hg = 201.2 mm Hg

g. Head of 260ft water to absolute pressure in kPa

Pabs = Patm + Pgage

Patm = 101.325 kPa

Pgage = 260 ft H2O x 101.325 kPa 33.9 ft H2O = 777.123 kPa

Pabs = 101.325 kPa + 777.123 kPa = 878.448 kPa

h. A draft pressure of 50mm H2O to absolute pressure in mm Hg

Pabs = Patm - Pvac

Patm = 760 mm Hg

Pvac =

x = 3.68 mm Hg

760 mm Hg 33.9 ft H2O

Pabs = 760 mm Hg 3.68 mm Hg = 756.32 mm Hg

i.

3300 gal/min to m3/s (1 cu ft = 7.48 gal)

1 m3 6.10 x 104 ft3

= 1.205 x 10-4 m3/s

j.

100 psig to kPa if the barometric pressure is 750 mm Hg

Pabs = Patm + Pgage

Patm = 750 mm Hg 101.325 kPa 760 mm Hg = 99.99 kPa

Pgage = 100 psig x 101.325 kPa 14.7 psig = 689.285 kPa

Pabs = 689.285 kPa + 99.99 kPa = 789.275 kPa

k. 10 cm H2O draft to mm Hg if the barometric pressure is 740 mm Hg

Pabs = Patm - Pvac

Patm = 740 mm Hg

Pvac = x 760 mm Hg 33.9 ft H2O

= 7.355 mm Hg

Pabs = 740 mm Hg 7.355 mm Hg = 732.64 mm Hg

ANTONIO, Jassar Ali D. ChE 101 TWHFR 2012 Jan 04

2-55. An airship has a volume of 60824 m3. If the conditions of the gas in this volume is 100 kPa and 20oC, how many kilograms of helium is needed?

V = 60824 m3 Conditions: P = 100 kPa, T = 293.15 K

4 kg He 1 kmol He

= 9987.69 kg

ANTONIO, Jassar Ali D. ChE 101 TWHFR 2012 Jan 04

3-5. 100 kg of pure salt, NaCl, is added to 500 kg of NaOH solution containing 60% NaOH and 40% H2O. The mixture is heated until 100kg of H2O has evaporated. What is the composition of the resulting mixture?

Given: 100 kg pure salt (S) 500 kg NaOH solution [60% NaOH, 40% H2O] (N) 100 kg H2O evaporated (E)

100 kg H2O (E) -------------------------- > 100 kg NaCl, (S) ------------------ > -------------------------- > 500 kg NaOH, (N) 60% NaOH 40% H2O Mixture Product (M) NaCl, H2O, NaOH

OMB: S + N = E + M

Basis: 500 kg NaOH solution Tie Component: 100 kg NaCl

MNaCl = 100 kg

Tie Component: NaOH

NNaOH = 0.6 (500) = 300 kg = MNaOH

NH2O = 0.4 (500) = 200 = 100 kg + MH2O

MH2O = 100 kg

Mixture Product: MNaCl + MH2O + MNaOH

100 + 100 + 300 = 500 kg M

%Composition:

%H2O = [100 kg / 500 kg M] x 100% = 20% H2O

%NaCl = [100kg / 500 kg M] x 100% = 20% NaCl

%NaOH = [300kg / 500 kg M] x 100% = 60% NaCl

ANTONIO, Jassar Ali D. ChE 101 TWHFR 2012 Jan 04