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IS : 1570(Part

2/Set 1) - 1979
( Reaffirmed 1998 )

Indian Standard
SCHEDULES FOR WROUGHT STEELS
PART 2 Section 1 CARBON STEELS (UNALLOYED STEELS)

Wrought Products ( Other Than Wires) With Specified Chemical Composition and Related Properties

(:

First Revision )

( Third Reprint JANUARY 1999 ( Incorporathg Amendment No. 1)

UDC

669.14

(083.4

0 Copyright 1999 BUREAU


MANAK

OF

INDIAN

STANDARDS
ZAFAR MARG

BHAVAN,

9 BAHADUR SHAH NEW DELHI 110002

Gr 5

October 1979

1s : 1s7o(Paft

2/set 1) - 1979

Indian Standard
SCHEDULES FOR WROUGHT STEELS
PART 2 CARBON STEELS (UNALLOYED STEELS) Section 1 Wrought Products (Other Than Wires) With Specified Chemical Composition and Related Properties (

First Revision )
19
Repesmling Steel Authority Durgapur Guest, National The Tata Keen, of India Ltd (Alloy Steels Plant ),

Alloy Steels and Special Steels Sectional Committee, SMDC


Chairman DR G. MUKHERJEE

S~nr

A. N. BISW,\S SH~I S. K. BASU ( Alter&e) Saar B. C. BISWAS SRRI A. M. BISWAS ( dlfernarc ) SHRI P. K. CEIAKIZAVAHTY DR T. MUKHERJEE ( Alternate)
SHRI P. K. CHATTCKJEE

Williams

Ltd, Howrah Calcutta

Test House,

Iron & Steel Co Ltd, Jamshedpur

,_ MifiTtry of Defence ( DC1 ) SHI~I P. K. GAN~OPADHYAY ( Auernare ) Nationa! Metallurgical Laboratory (CSIR ), SHRI K. M. CI~AUDIIU~Y Jamshedpur The Visvesvaraya Iron & Steel Ltd, Bhadravati SHnI DASARATIIA SHRI B. C. BASAVA~AJ (Alternate ) Ahmedabad Advance Mills Ltd, Navsari SHRI S. V. D~TAR SRRI M. K. Gnosn ( AItemate) The Indian Tool Manufacturers Ltd, Bombay SHRI h. D. DIAS Steel Authority of India Ltd ( Alloy Steels Plant ), SHBI M. K. DATTA Durgapur SHRI R. C. JHA ( Alternale ) Directorate General of Supplies & Disposals SHRI S. B. GUPTA ( Inspection Wing), New Delhi SIIRI P. K. GYNE ( Affernafe ) JOINT DIRECTOR (MET), RESEARCH Ministry of Railways DESIQNS AND STANDARDS ORGANIZATION D~PIJTY DIRECTOX ( MET-II_), RDSO ( Alfernate ) ( Continued on page 2 )

@ Copyrighf 1979
BUREAU OF 1NDIAN STANDARDS This publication is prorertrd under the Indian Co$yigL Act ( XIV of 1957) and reproduction in whole or in part by any means except with written permission of the oublisher shall be deemed to be an infringement of copyright under the said Act.

IS : 1570(Part

2/Set 1) - 1979

( contimsed~ompage1 )
Members S. R. KHARE SHBI V. N. PANDAY ( Ahnate ) SERI R. S. KOTHAWALE Saab S. S. LAKKUNDI ( Allcraals) DE D. P. LAEIBI SHBI I. N. BHATIA ( Afremek ) SHRI K. N. bfEHl%A SRRI D. K. DAS ( Altmafr ) SHEI L. MIEEBA S~sr Indian Bharat Register Reprcseafing of Shipping, Bombay Pune

Forge Co Ltd, Mundhwa, of Defence Engineering (R & D ) Corporation

Ministry Heavy

Ltd, Ranchi

Directorate General of Technical Development, New Delhi San1 M. K. BANERJEE ( Al&mu&) Ashok Leyland Ltd, Madras Saul A. PADMANABHAN Firth India Steel Co Ltd, Thane SEaI I. M. PA1 Saxr B. M. PA1 ( Aftmatc ) Mahindra Ugine Steel Co Ltd, Bombayj and Alloy Dg R. V. PATEY Steel Producers Association of India, Bombay SHRI R. NARAYANA ( Al&mate ) Mahindra Ugine Steel Co Ltd, Bombay Iron & Steel Control, Calcutta SHRI M. K. PRAMANIK SARI S. S. SAHA ( A&mats ) Research & Development Centre for Iron and DE V. RAMASWAYY Steel ( HSL ), Ranchi SHRI S. R. MEDIRATTA ( Altcmafe ) Hindustan Machine Tools Ltd, Bangalore Sanx M. RAN~ASHAI San1 SANJIT SEN (AIlmate I) SwnrP. RAMA PBASAD ( AIlera& II ) The Tata Engineering and Locomotive Co Ltd, SEEI A. K. ROY SHRI D. SIZINIVASAN Da S. K. CEATTEBJEE ( Altmafc) SHRI Y. C. SIJBRAHWANYA SHRI K. S. VAIDYANATHAN SARI C. J. DAVE ( Altmate ) SRB~ C. R. RAMA RAO, Director ( Strut & Met )

DR S. K. MONDAL ( Alternuls)

Jamshedpur

Steel Furnace

Association

of India,

Calcutta

Ministry of Defence ( DGOF ) M. N. Dastur & Co Pvt Ltd, Calcutta Director hretary General, IS1 ( Ex-ofiio Member )

SHRI VIJAY KUMAR Assistant Director ( Metals ), IS1

Subcommittee for the Revision of Schedule for Wrought Steel for General Engineering Purposes, SMDC 19 : 5

San1 P. K. CEAKRAV~TY Membm


SERI

The,Tata

Iron i?z Steel Co Ltd, Jamshedpur

SHRI S. K. BABU P. K. CRATTERJEE Sunr M. K. SEN ( Alternafa )

Guest, Keen, Williams Ltd, Howrah Ministry of Defence ( DGI ) ( Coatinued on page 18 )

IS : 1!57O(Part 2/Set 1) - 1979

Indian Standard
SCHEDULES FOR WROUGHT STEELS
PART 2 CARBON STEELS (UNALLOYED STEELS\ Section 1 Wrought Products (Other Than Wires) With Specified Chemical Composition and Related Properties

( First Revision )
0. FOREWORD
0.1 This Indian Standard ( Part II ) ( First Revision ) was adopted by the Indian Standards Institution on 5 March 1979, after the draft finalized by the Alloy Steels and Special Steels Sectional Committee had been approved by the Structural and Metals Divisjon Council.

0.2 Schedules for wrought steels for general engineering purposes ( IS :

1570-1961 ) was first published in 1961. On the basis of the experience gained in the production and use of steels, the Sectional Committee has The other parts of decided to revise the standard and issue it in parts. the standard are as follows: Part I Steels specified by tensile and/or yield properties Part III Carbon and carbon manganese free cutting steels Part IV Alloy steels ( excluding stainless and heat-resisting steels ) Part V Stainless and heat-resisting steels* Part VI Tool steels, 0.3 The following major modifications have been made in this revision: a) Steel designations have been modified in -accordance with IS : 1762 ( Part I )-1974t. However, for the sake of easy identification old designations are also given within brackets. b) New grades 2C2, 5OC8,6OC6 have been added. c) .Manganese content of grades CO5 ( 5C4 ), C55 ( 55C4 ), and C60 ( 6OC4 ) have been modified. d) Mechanical properties for cold-drawn bars given in Table 3 have been modified on the basis of experience gained.
*Already published as IS : 1570 ( Part V )-1972. tCode for designation of steels: Part I Based on letter symbols.

: %7o(p8tt

2/&C

1) - 1979

0.4 This schedule does not give limits for sulphur and phosphorus. These have to be specified in the detailed specifications. The standard ranges for sulphur and phosphorus and the method for designating steel according to its sulphur and phosphorus content, steel making practice and method of deoxidation is detailed in Appendix A for information. 0.5 For the purpose of deciding whether a particular requirement of this standard is complied with, the final value, observed or calculated, expressing the result of a test or analysis, shall be rounded off in accordance with IS : 2-1960*. The number of significant places retained in the rounded off value should be the same as that of the specified value in this standard. 1. ScofE

1.1 This schedule ( Part II ) is applicable to standards for carbon steels when it is necessary for the steel to be supplied to a composition within reasonably defined limits. This schedule is not intended to be used as a standard. 1.1.1 This schedule may be used for ordering steels provided specification is available for the particular steel.
2. GENERAL no detailed

2.1 While

or revising existing standards, preparing Indian Standards, steels listed in this schedule shall be selected. The specification of mechanical properties different from those. given in this schedule should not be made unless special conditions of service render this essential. In that event, full reasons for the proposed departure from the steels specified in this schedule shall be submitted to the Alloy Steels and Special Steels Sectional Committee, SMDC 19, and its approval obtained. 2.2 In addition to specified mechanical properties, ranges for carbon and manganese are, laid down in the schedule ( see Table 1 ), but as in many cases, the steels of lower carbon content are required as rimming, semikihed or killed steel depending on the subsequent manipulation and conditions of service, the silicon content has not~been specified. Where necessary, the silicon content or the type of steel, for example, killed, semi-killed, Since different levels of sulphur etc, should be included in the standard. and phosphorus are required according to the severity of the conditions in service, limits for these elements are also not included in the schedule but should be specified in a specification at levels appropriate to the method of steel production, conditions of service, etc.
*Rules for rounding off numerical values (rcvhcd).

IS : 157O(Paft TABLE i
(IPECIPPID CARBOhIAND

2/Set

1)

1979

MANGANESE LIMITS

STE~CL DWIWATION [ SC6IS: 1762 (PABT I)-19741 ~_-_-_-_---_~

PBlWQtT

Mn

hBCBNT
(4) 0.40 &fax 0.40 1wix 050 Mu 0.50 Md* 040-0-70 0*30-0.60 0-60990 0*60-090 0~30-0%0 0%0-o-90 0+0-090 ~3O-O%g o%O-0.90 0%0-O% 0*60@0 O-30-O-60 060-0~ 1~10-140 030-060 o%O-0.90 O%W60 ~50-0*80 050-0-80 0*50-0.80 0.50.0.80 @50-O-80 0.50-O-80 0*50-O-80 0*50-0.80

New
2c2 4c2 ~5C4 7C4 lOc4 14c6 l5c4 15c8 2oc8 25C4 25C8 3oc8 3m 35c9 4oc8 45C8 5oc4 5Oc8 5OC12 55c4 5503 6Oc4 6OC6 65C6 7OC6 75C6 8OC6 85C6 98C6 llYC6

Old

(1)

(2)
(co5) (co7) (-Cl0 ) (Cl4) (C15) (C15Mn75) (c20) (~25) ( C25MnE (C30) (C35) ( C35Mn75 (C40) (C45) (C50) (CSOML (C55) ( C55Mn72) (C60) (0) (C70) (C75) (C80) (C85) (C98) ( Cl13 ) )

(s-4~)

(3) 0.05 &&TX 0.09 Mai *lo Max 0.12 Max O-15 Max &IO-O*18 0.20 Max 0*10-O-20 0-15-025 0*20-0*30 ocm0.30 O-25-0-35 @30;040 9.3~040 @35-0.45 O-40-050 0-45-O-55 0.45.q55 O-45-0.65 0.50.0.60 @50-OfrJ 0.55-0.65 0.55~0.65 @60-O-70 0*65-0.75 0*70-0.80 0.75-0.85 0.80.0.90 090-1.05 1.05-l-20

IS : 48S2,4397 IS IS

040-0%6

5489 IS : 1812 IS :;U&lj, 6y27, IS

: 1812,2879,4432 : 1875, 2004, 4432,


1875,

: 1875,2004
-

9 -

IS : 1875, 2004, 3930, 5517, 6967 IS : 1875, 2004, 3930, 5517,6967 IS : 1t;X,7 2004, 3930, IS : 5517,7226, 7283 IS : 1875,2004, 2507, 3930, 3261,5517 . IS : 5517 IS IS

: 2507, 3885, 3930 : ;8;;


7226.8054.8055 3445; 5517,

4072 IS : 2507,4072,7226 IS : 2507, 3885 IS : 2507.4072 IS : 2507,7226 IS ~2507, 3195, 7226 IS : 3195

IS

: 1875, 2004,2507,

IS : 1570(Part

2Bec 1) - 1979

2.3 This schedule includes specified tensile properties applicable to the different conditions, for example, Table 2 gives values for the hot-rolled or These values are based on ruling sections up to normalized conditions. 150 mm and for larger sizes,some adjustment of the specified tensile range for a particular range of composition, or conversely, of the specified composition for a particular range .of tensile strength, may be necessary. Mechanical properties for cold-drawn bars and for hardened and tempered bars and forgings, together with the &es, to which these properties are applicable are given in Tables 3 and 4. Table 5 gives-the properties for case-hardening steels, that is, the properties obtainable in the core of casehardened parts after refining and quenching. Some of the steels are used in the form of sheet and strip and tubes and the tensile properties of these are given in Tables 6, 7 and 8. For some purposes, a minimum yield stress is regarded as specification requirement and minimum yield stress values are, therefore, given for some of the physical conditions for inclusion in specifications, if required. Information on the assessment of the ruling section of bars, forgings and parts is given in Tables 9 and 10. 2.4 In addition, values for the specified minimum percentage elongation -corresponding to the specified tensile ranges are included. Different types of test pieces are used for the tensile test depending on the form of the material; for example, flat test pieces for thin plates, sections and flat bars; unniachined Found test pieces for small size round bars; and machined round test pieces for thicker plates, for larger size round bars and for square bars, and forgings. Since the percentage elongation depends on the relation between the gauge length and the cross-sectional area of the test piece, specified minimum values for the percentage elox?gation for the different types of test pieces are included in the schedule. These elongation values given are based dn a gauge length of 5*65drwhich is now internationally accepted. If test pieces of other than 5*6Wxgauge length are used, elongation conversion may be obtained from IS : 3803-1974*. 2.5 For tensile tests on tubes, the specified percentage elongation should be based on the recently adopted formulae of either ,950 divided by !the actual tensile strength in kgf /mm* when using a gauge length equivalent to P65dxor of 1 100 divided by the actual tensile strength in kgf /mm* when using a gauge length equivalent to 44x 2.6 The notch toughness of steels after hardening and tempering is sometimes assessed by an impact test and values for incorporation in speci&ations; if required, are given in the relevant tables of the schedule,
*Method for elongation conversions for steel (jut revision).

IS : 1570(Part

2/Set

1) - 1979

TABLE 2 SPECIFIED TENSILE LIMITS FOR PLATES, SEGTIONS, BARS, BILLETS AND FORGINGS IN THE HOT-ROLLED OR NORMALIZED CONDITION ( Clause 2.3)
DESIGNATION
~_____A-__~

TENSILE STRENGTH Old (2) (3) MPa* 320-400 340-420 370.458 370490 420-500 448-520 448-548 470-570 500-600 520-620 550-650 580680 630-7 10 660-780 720 Min 720 Min 750 Min 750 Min

ELONQATIO& PEBCENT,Min

New
(1) 7c4 lOC4 14C6 15c4 15C8 2OC8 25C4 25C8 3OC8 35c4 35C8 4OC8 4568 5oc4 5oc13 55C8 6OC4 65C6

(4)

(C07) (ClO) (Cl4) (C15) ( Cl5MnZ_5 ) (C20) ( C25 ) ( C25MnF

27 26 26 25 25 24 23 22 21 20 20 18 15 13 11 13 11 10

(C30) (C35) ( C35Mn7J ) (C40) (C45) (C50) ( C50Mnl) ( C55Mn75) (C60)(C65)

NOTE- Minimum values for the yield stress may be required in certain specifications and in such cases-a minimum yield stress of 55 percent of the minimum tensile strength should be satisfactory. +lMPa = lN/mme = O-1020 kgf/mme.

2.7 The specified mechanical properties are applicable to test samples taken from a standard location which should be included in the specification. 2.8 Any tests, for example, bend test, flattening tests on tube, etc, additional to the tests given in this schedule should also be specified in the standard as appropriate.

TABLE 3

SPECIFIED

TENSILB LIMITS FOR COLD-DRAWN BABS [ Clauru 0.3(d) and 2.3 ]

DEBIQNATION cl----y New Old

UP #---A---_~ Tensile Strength


Min

TO 20 XIim

Ovm 20 mm

UPTo4Omm Elongation c--hp-l Percent, Min Tensile Strength bfin (4) 11 11 10 9 8 7 7 (5) MPa@ 450 510 510 570 610 630 690 Elongation Percent, Min (6) 13 13 12 10 9 8 8

OvEa 40 mm UP TO 63 mm Tensile---y Zgth (7) MPa* 410 470 470 530 570 610 670 Elongation Percent, iUia (8) 15 15 15 12 10 9 9

s
0-s
r---7

63 mm

I!

Tensile Strength iuia (9) MPa* 360 430 430 490 540 590 630

Elongation f Percent, ~Uin t 3 (10) 18 18 18 15 12 10 10

00

(1) 1oc4 15C8 2OC8 3OC8 4OC8 5oc4 55C8

(2) (ClO) (C15Mn%) (C20) (C30) (C40) (C4.0) ( C55Mnz)

(3) MPa+ 490 540 540 610 640 670 730

*IMPa = lN/mma = O-1020 kgf/mm%

IS : 1570(Part 2/Set 1) - 1979


TABLE 4 SPECIFIED MECHANICAL PROPERTIBS FOR BARS AND FORGINGS IN THE HARDBNBD AND TBMPERBD CONDlTION
( Claus&2.3 ) DESIONATION r--> New TENSILE STWN~TH
(1r

Old

YIRLD STREsfB

Min

ELONGATION, PERCENT,

Mill

IZOU IMPACT
VALUE, Ma

LIMITING RULTN~
SECTlOlZ

sPlroxrIED) (IS

SFEOUIED) (6) Joules 55 55 41 35 :: (7) mm 30 63 100 30 .lOO 30 63 30

(1) 3OCJ3 35C8

(2) (C3O) ( C35Mns)

(3) MPae 600-750 600-750

(4) MPae rww) 400

(5) 18 18 18 17 ::

44x8
45c8 5oc4 (C5O) 700-850 800-950 46O 540

15 1s 15 13

*IMPa

= lN/mmr I 0.102 0 kgf/mm%

TABLB 5s;~S~D~CHANICAL

REFINED

PROPERTIBS FOR CASE-HARDENING AND QUENCHED CONDITION ( CORE PROPERTIES ) ( Cku.u 2.3 )
IZOD IVPA~T VALUE, Min (II SPWI~IED) (5) Joules 55 55 55 LIXITIN~ RULING SECTION (6) mm 15 Over 15 U$F 30

DESIGNATION -&---_y r-New Old

TENSILBI STSENQTE, Min (3) MPa* 500 500 500 500

ELONGATION, PEWENT, Min (4) 17

(1)
lOC4 14c6 15c8 2oc8

(2)
(ClO) (Cl4) (C15Mn75) (C2O)

17 17 16

55

30

llMPa = lN\mm* = O-1020 kgf/mma.

IS : 1570(Part

2/Set

1) - 1979
AND

TABLE 6 SPECIFIED TENSILE LIMITS FOR MILD STEEL SHEET STRIP IN THE COLD-ROLLED AND ANNEALED CONDITION ( Clause2.3 ) DESIGNATION _--h--_-y New Old TENSILE STREFXITH Min

E~~NCUTION, PERCENT, Min, TEST PIECE, WIDTH 12.5 mm, GAUQB LENQTH 50 mm (4) 28 28 25 25

(1)
7c4 1oc4 15c4 2OC8

(2)
(CO71 (Cl01 (C5) (C20)

(3) MPa* 300-380 320-400 320-440 390-510

llMPa = lN/mma = O-102 0 kgf/mmR

TABLE

SPECIFIED TENSILE LIMITS FOR MILD STEEL SHEET STRIP IN THE COLD-ROLLED CONDITION ( Clause 2.3 )

AND

DESIGNATION T__-* ---7 New Old (1) (2)

CONDITXON

TENSILE STRBN~TE (4) MPa+ 390-470 470-570 570 Min

(3) r Quarter hard

1x4

(Cl51

(I iZtfhard = 0.102 0 kgf/mm%

llMPa = lN/mme

10

IS : 1570(Part
TABLE COLD-DRAWN

2/Set

1) - 1979

8 SPECIFIED -TENSILE LIMITS FOR, TUBES IN THE AND ANNEALED CONDITION AND IN THE COLD-DRAWN OR COLD-DRAWN AND TEMPERED CONDITION ( Clause 2.3 ) COLD-DRAWN AND ANNEALED --_-m-7 Tensile Yield Strength, Stress, COLD-DRAWNOB COLD-DRAWN r---_-h---y Tensile Strength, EI,~N~ATIoN ~PEIICENT, Min

DESIQNATI~N r-h___-) New Old

ANDTEMPERED
Yield Stress,

Min (1)
14C6 15C4 15C8

Min
MPa* 170 220 250 280

Min (2)
MPa* 320

Mi?l
MPa*

(3)

(4)

MPa*

(5)

(6)

(7)

( C15Mn7.5 )

440
~520 500

33
42 46

1 2;;

on gauge length = 5*651/T or

2OC8
25C8 2X4 35c4 35C8

(C20)-(C&!n!75 _> ( &-it\5 ) ) ) 1 J

370
390 440

I
-!l!F

580 700

47 60

on gauge length

5OC12 45c:a ( C50Mnl (C45)_


*lMPa TABLE

520

340

= lN/mma

= 0.102 0 kgf/mms.

! 1 J

= 41/A

9 CONVERSION INTO EQUIVALENT


OF

OF RECTANGULAR AND SQUARE SECTIONS RULING SECTIONS, OIL QUENCHING

\~IDTIi

SECTION

( Claw 2.3 ) THICKNESSOFSECTICIN ______---__L--_--_-_------_---\ 40 50 60 80 10 20 30 mm mm mm mm mm mm mm

100 mm (9) mm -

120 mm (10) mm -

140 . mm (11) mm

DIAMETER O~EQUIVALENTROUNDS
mm :x 4: 50

(1)

mm

(2)
10 14 17 16 17

(3) mm ;; 22: 31

mm

(4)

(5) mm -

(6) mm -

(7) mm -

s
40 43 46 47 48 48 48 48 :t 48 49

(3) mm .-

1:; 63 63 63 63 5: 63 77 77 78 :: 7788 9, 91 z; 92 !z

117 108 125 131 136 140 145 143 148 150

::
120 100 140 160 180 200 225 250 300 350 and over x

ii 17
:: 17 17 :: 17 17 ::

32 32
3333 33 33 z 53 :: 33

87

130 146 148 154

l:i2

48

108 112 115 117 119 120 121 121

X X X % X

X X X X X X X

Greater than 160 mm.

11

IS : 157O(Part 2/Set 1) - 1979

TABLE 10 CONVERSION OF RECTANGULAR AND SQUARE SECTIONS INTO EQUIVALENT RULING SECTIONS, AIR COOLING ( C&use 2i3 )
WIDTH OF SECTION THICENEFMor SBCTION

10 mm

20 mm

30 mm

40 mm

50 mm

60 mm

80 mm

100 mm

120 mm

140 . mm

DIAMETEB OF EQUIVALENT ROUNDS (1) mm

(21 (3)
mm 10 13 15 16 16 17 17 17 17 17 17 18 18 18 18 18 20 20 24 27 29 30 32 33 34 34 34 35 35 35 36 37 39

(4) mm

(5) mm

(6) mm

(7) mm

03)
mm

(9)
mm

(10) (11) mm mm 122 132 140 148 154 x x x x __c 142 152 x x x x x x

10 20 30 40 50 60 80 100 120 140 160 180 200 225 250 390 350 and over

30 34 38 41 45 47 49 50 51 51 52 52 53 54 59

1w)

1
51 55 62 68 72 76 79 81 83 85 86 88 97

61 70 76 82 86 90 93 95 98 100 104 115 81 90 98 104 109 114 117 121 125 131 152

45 49 54 58 62 64 66 67 68 69 70 71 78

102 111 119 126 132 137 142 147 155


X

x Greater than 160 mm.

12

IS : 1570(Part

2/Set

1) - 1979

APPENDIX ( Clause 0.4 )

NEW SYSTEM OF DESIGNATION OF STEELS A-l. GENERAL A-l.1 The new system of designation of steel is based on the draft IS0 proposal submitted by India to ISO/TC 17 a Steel for formulation of an international standard. Details of the new designation system are given in IS : 1762 ( Part I )-1974*.
A-2. STEELS DESIGNATED COMPOSITION ON THE BASIS OF CHEMICAL

A-2.1 Unalloyed Steels ( as Defined in IS I 759&1974t ) - The code designation shall consist of the following in the order given: a) Figure indicating 100 times the average percentage of carbon content, b) Letter C , and c) Figure indicating 10 times the average percentage of manganese content. The figure after multiplying shall be rounded off to the nearest integer according to the rules given in IS : 2-1960$ d) If necessary, symbols indicating special characteristics as fellows: 1) Method of designationDepending on whethe: the steel is killed, semi-killed or rimming variety, the following symbols shall be used to indicate the steel making practice: i) R - rimming steel, and ii) K = killed steel.
NOTE If no symbol is used, it shall mean that the steel is of-semi-killed type.

2) Steel quality - The following symbols shall be used to indicate steel quality: Q1 = non-ageing quality, Q2 p= freedom from flakes, Q3 - grain size controlled,. Q4= inclusion controlled, and Q5 = internal homogeneity guaranteed.
*Code for designation of steels: Part I Based on letter symbols. *Classification of steels. JRules for rounding off numerical values (ret&i).

13

IS : 1570(Part

2/Set

1) - 1979 levels ( ladle

3) Degree of )wity-The sulphur and phosphorus analysis ) shall be expressed as follows: Symbol
_--___A-__---,

Maximum Content in Percent Phosphorus Sulphur 0.025 0.035 o-050 0*070 0.055

P25 P35 P50 P70 No symbol will mean

0.025 0.035 0.050 o-070 0.055

The above symbols use the letter P followed by 1000 times the maximum percentage of sulphur and phosphorus, In case the maximum contents of sulphur and phosphorus are not -same, the following procedure shall be followed: Symbol SP shall be used to indicate the levels followed by: a) 100 times integer. the maximum sulphur rounded off * to the nearest

b) 100 times &e maximum integer. Example:

phosphorus rounded off * to the nearest

= O-045 percent Maximum sulphur Maximum phosphorus = 0,035 percent Designation: SP 44. 4) Weldability guarantee - Guaranteed weldability of steel as determined .by tests mutually agreed between the supplier and the manufacturer shall be indicated by the following symbols: W = fusion weldable, and W1 = weldable by resistance welding but not fusion weldable. 5) Resistance to brittle fracture - Symbol * B , BO , B2 or x B4 indicating resistance to brittle fracture based on the results of the V-notch Charpy impact test, For steels B, ~BO, B2 and B4 a test should be made with Charpy V-notch specimens, taken in the direction of rolling with the notch perpendicular to the surface of the plate or product.
*Rounding off shall be done according ,rounding off numerical values (revtied ). to the rules given in 1s

: Z-1960Rules for

14

IS : 1570(Part 2/Set 1) - 1979 Steels B, BO, B2 and B4 are characterized by an average Charpy impact value according to the following table: Steels
Secijied UTS Range -------------T r__________-_h_ 500 to 700 MPa* 370 to 520 MPa*

V-notch

~~~~~~-_~~ Energy (2)

Temperature (3)
C 27 0

r-W----_A--,~ Energy (4)

Temperature (5)
C 27

(1) B BO B2 B4

J
28 28

J
40 28 40

-10
0

28 28

-20 -40

28 40 28 40 symbols

-30 -20 -50 -40 shall be used to

6) Surface condition - The following indicate surface condition: Sl = deseemed or scarfed;

S2 = descaled; s3 = pickled ( including washing and neutralizing S4 = shot, grit or sand blasted; S5 = peeled ( skinned ); S6 = bright drawn or cold rolled; and S7 = ground.

);

NOTE - If no symbol is used, it shall mean that the surface is in as-rolled or asforged condition. 7) Formability

shall be used to indicate drawability: Dl = drawing quality, D2 = deep drawing quality, and D3 = extra deep drawing quality.

( applicable to sheet only ) -

The following

symbols

NOTEquality. *lMPa

If no symbol

is used,

it shall

mean

that the steel is of commercial

= lN/mmg

= 0,102 0 kgf/mm?

15

IS : 1570(Part

2/Set 1) - 1979
symbols

8) Surface jnish ( upjdicable to sheet only) -

The following shall be used to indicate the surface finish: Fl I general purpose finish,

F2 = full finish,
F3 = exposed, F4 = unexposed, F5 s matt finish, F6 F7 F8 F9 FlO = =i = = = = bright finish, plating finish, unpolished finish, polished finish, polished and coloured blue, polished and coloured yellow,

Fll F12 = mirror finish, F13 = vitreous enamel finish, and F14 = direct annealed finish.

9) Treatment-The following symbols shall the treatment given to the steel: Tl = shot-peened, T2 = hard-drawn, T3 = normalized*, T4 s controlled rolled, T5 = annealed,

be used to indicate

T6 = patented, T7 = solution-treated, T8 I solution-treated T9 = controlled TlO = bright annealed, T11 = spherodized, T 12 =is stress-relieved, T13 = case-hardened*, T14 s1 hardened
NOTIC -

and aged,

cooled,

and

and tempered.

If no symbol is used, it means that the steel is hot-rolled. if done.

*Includes

tempering,

16

1s : 1570(Parf

2/Set

1)

- 1979

10) Elevated tem#erature properties - For guarantee with regard to elevated temperature properties, the letter H shall be used. only the room temperature However, in the designation properties shall be shown. Elevated temperature properties shall be intimated to the purchaser separately by the manufacturer. 11) Cryogenic qualify- For guarantee with regard to low temperature properties, the letter L shall he used. However, only the room temperature properties shall be indicated in the designation. Examples: 21C5BO Semi-killed steel with average 0.25 percent carbon and 0.5 percent manganese content and resistance to brittle fracture grade BO. Steel with average 0.45 percent carbon, 1 percent manganese and guaranteed fusion weldable.

45ClOW

17

IS : 1570(Part 2/Set 1) - 1979


( Confind from -page2 ) MtTlbnS
Snxu M. K. DUTTA Steel

Representing
Authority of India Plant ), Durgapur Ltd ( Durgapur Steel

Snrtr R. C. JHA ( Alternate ) JOINT DIRECTOR (MET), MinistryofRailways RESEAROH DESIGNS & * STANDARDS ORQANIZATION ASSISTANT DIRECTOR ( MS ) ( Alternate ) Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Trombay DR N. KONDAL Rno SHRI K. BALARAMAYOORTHY ( Alternate ) Bihar Alloy Steels Ltd, Ranchi DR N. MOHAN Allov Steels Producers Association of India, DH R. V. PATHY* Bombay Iron & Steel Control, Calcutta SI~RI M. K. PRAMANIE Heavy Engineering Corporation Ltd, Ranchi S~IRI R. C. PRASAII SI~RI D. K. DAS ( Alferaate) Association of Indian Automobile Manufacturers, Srin~ A. K. ROY Bombay Mahindra Ugine Steel Co Ltd, Khopoli SSllI A. R. V. SURRAMANIAN Bharat Heavy Electricals Ltd, Tiruchchirappalli DR G. VENKATARAMAN

*Dr B. V. Psthy 00 Ltd. Khopoll.

is also

alternate to Shrl A. R. V. Eubramanlanrepresecting &hi&a

Uglne Steel

18

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