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ABSTRACT This world is creation of god and this e-world is a creation of man.

In this eworld the information exchanges is mainly through the wires. So, the wires become the lifelines to the e-world creator. The primary means of communicating the information is through the voice and internet. The crazy man was not satisfied with this internet. He wanted to go Beyond wires. This craziness gave him a good way to access internet without any wires. The term wireless is used to describe the way of accessing a network or other communication partners, i.e. without a wire. The wire is replaced by the transmission of electromagnetic waves through the air. A short-range, wireless technology that is more energy-efficient than Bluetooth has been unveiled by Nokia. Wibree is the open wireless technology which is a complement to bluetooth. Wibree offers connectivity between mobile devices or Personal Computers, and small, button cell extending the role mobile devices can play in consumers lives, this technology increases the growth potential in these market segments. With several other formats for short-range wireless already on the market or in development, tech pundits questioned what niche Wibree would fill, or even if there was room for it at all. While the long-term success of Wibree remains to be seen, it does have several advantages. In this paper we present the development, technology, architecture and working of Wibree. We will also see about the applications, advantages of Wibree over Bluetooth and disadvantages of Wibree.


This technology was announced 2006-10-03 by Nokia Partners. The name Wibree has been derived from the words Wi meaning wireless and bree meaning crossroads. (In old English).

Wibree is a new radio frequency technology that can work alongside Bluetooth but using just a fraction of the power. That combination of Wibree within a Bluetooth chip is vitally important in understanding its place and the role that it can fulfill. Because low power, personal Wibree devices will be able to communicate with handsets, it means that in time every mobile phone Wibree becomes a gateway to the mobile network. So every Wibree device can communicate with the internet, allowing information to be sent backwards and forwards. And because the data rates are low, the cost of this data transfer will be a negligible portion of the users monthly phone contract. That paradigm change will enable a wide range of additional services that today are just too expensive for widespread deployment.

Radio chips: Wibree radio chips - which operate over a distance of 30ft (10m) - are also smaller than Bluetooth chips and will suit devices which up to now do not typically have wireless technology built-in. Watches, health monitors and sport sensors are three of the uses touted by Nokia. The technology is also likely to be used in mobile phones to help prolong battery power. The new wireless system can transfer data at speeds of up to 1Mbps, about a third of the speed of current Bluetooth technology.

Development of Wibree: The technology was born purely from use cases. In 2001, Nokia Research Center was looking at various user needs and analyzing what can be done with the available connectivity technologies. A vacuum in the personal area network connectivity was identified, as we could think of a lot of interesting use cases for tiny low power devices such as sensors, but realized that there was no suitable technology connecting those to larger devices such as a mobile phone. So we decided to develop a technology to cover this gap in user needs. Wibree has been designed to meet the requirements of low power consumption, small size, and low cost with interoperability based on open specification. "It's up to 10 times more energy efficient than Bluetooth," said Bob Iannucci, Nokia Research Center's head.

What is Wibree technology?

Wibree is a new radio frequency technology that can work alongside Bluetooth but using just a fraction of the power. The short answer is, it's an extension to Bluetooth, one that extends the capabilities of the Bluetooth protocol to better enable low-power uses and to better process data intermittently, rather than continuously. Wibree is the first wireless technology to solve the following needs in a single solution. Ultra low peak and average power consumption in both active and idle modes Ultra low cost & small size for accessories & human interface devices (HID) Minimal cost & size addition to mobile phones & PCs Global, intuitive & secure multi-vendor interoperability.

Wibree device architecture : Wibree specification has been created by having two equally important implementation alternatives in mind, namely dual-mode and stand-alone. In the dual mode implementation the Wibree functionality is an add-on feature inside Bluetooth circuitry sharing a great deal of existing functionality resulting in a minimal cost increase compared to existing products. The dual modes are targeted at mobile phones, multimedia computers and PCs. The stand alone implementations are power and cost optimized designs targeted at, for example, sport, wellness, and human HID product categories.

An example device using dual-mode An example device using stand-alone impleation implementation

Technical details:

Wibree technology complements close range communication with Bluetooth like performance within 0-10 m range and data rate of 1 Mbps. Wibree is optimized for applications requiring extremely low power consumption, small size and low cost. Wibree is implemented either as stand-alone chip or as Bluetooth-Wibree dual-mode chip. The small devices like watches and sports sensors will be based on stand-alone chip whereas Bluetooth devices will take benefit of the dual-mode solution, extending Bluetooth device connectivity to new range of smallest devices

Working of Wibree: Wibree is designed to work side-by-side with and complement Bluetooth. It operates in 2.4 GHz ISM band with physical layer bit rate of 1 Mbps.The output power of Wibree standard will be around -6 dBm. Wibrees main application is to provide an ultra low power radio within the 2.4GHz band.Low power is always determined in large part by the application the longer a device is active, and the more data it transmits, the shorter its battery life will be. Wibree is aiming to produce a radio that can transmit a small packet of data approximately every second for a year using a small button cell, such as a CR2430, with a capacity of around 280mAH. If the duty cycle is reduced to one transmission every 15 to 30 seconds, then the battery life effectively becomes the leakage life of the battery.

This low power drain is achieved by designing a radio and protocol that lets the radio stay asleep for most of its life. It can wake up quickly, when it will broadcast its requirement to transfer data on a number of advertising channels across the spectrum. The receiving device, which is likely to contain a larger battery as it will be on for more of the time, will acknowledge the message and tell the first device which channel to send its data on. It will then acknowledge receipt of this data, at which point both can go back to sleep. The whole process will take less than three or four milliseconds.

The conversation between devices allows the responding device to select the radio channel to use it introduces the concept of frequency agility, where the two radios can move to undisturbed parts of the spectrum for their data transmissions. In most cases, this receiving device will be a mobile phone, which is acting as a gateway.

The same Bluetooth chip that contains the Wibree radio within the phone will be constantly scanning the radio spectrum as part of its adaptive frequency hopping requirement to see what spectrum is free.

It makes perfect sense to share this information with the Wibree radio to give it the frequency agility that it needs to meet high reliability applications. So living inside a Bluetooth chip becomes a doubly positive advantage for Wibree.

Applications: Wibree sensors that could provide feedback on the heart rate, blood pressure, or distance covered by a runner. Wibree could be used for interactive toys as well as new wireless keyboards and mice. Mobile phones equipped with Wibree technology will enable a range of new accessories such as call control/input devices, sports and health sensors, security and payment devices. These devices will benefit from the ultra-low power consumption of Wibree making possible compact, coin cell battery operated devices with battery lifetimes up to 3 years (depending on the actual application).

In sports: Many of us enjoy an active lifestyle. Wibree enabled products can provide a multitude of appealing applications, ranging from the measurement and consequent optimization of a professional athletes performance during a work out session to the automatic selection of suitable music from your mp3 player to match your heart rate while bicycling to work. In health care: A healthy living is important to all of us. Whether monitoring your heart rate and blood pressure at home to improve your personal diet or being connected over-the-air to your physician while rehabilitating out of hospital, Wibree makes being healthy easier and more fun. For interactive toys: Kids love toys, and so do many of their parents. Steer your little racing car clear of obstacles with your mobile phone watch your little robot interact with that of your friend when they come close and tune up the volume to your favorite beat with your tiny mp3 player remote control. Wibree enabled toys and gadgets take play to the next level.

In office:

A growing number of us use a personal computer in our daily work or at home, and expect the best performance and ergonomics from the devices we use to

interact with the computer. Moreover, work often travels with us and so it is important that we can set up a convenient working environment while on the move. Wibree ensures that your wireless keyboard, mouse and digital pen will work when you work.

In PC accessories: Wibree is designed to offer wireless connectivity to high performance PC accessories such as mice, keyboards and multimedia remote controls. The ultralow power consumption of Wibree extends battery lifetimes to over a year.

Advantages of Wibree over Blue tooth: The primary difference from Bluetooth is that Wibree is optimized for smaller devices that consume very little power. It uses power based on the size of the data packet being sent, whereas Bluetooth uses only a fixed packet size. The new technology is not meant to handle data-intensive applications such as voice communications or digital music and video, which are best left to Bluetooth. If anyone is using bluetooth for high bandwidth applications they are likely disappointed as 3 Mbps is just not going to cut it. But it is fast enough for things like headset connections, etc. It turns out WiBree's 1 Mbps is probably good enough for many and with better battery life this standard will allow many other devices -- that didnt make sense to bluetooth enable -- to be connected with one another. It's up to 10 times more energy efficient than BluetoothWibree. It consists of radio chips - which operate over a distance of 30ft (10m) - are also smaller than Bluetooth chips and will suit devices which up to now do not typically have wireless technology built-in. Disadvantages: As a rule of thumb, as data rate increases the power consumption gains of Wibree diminish compared to Bluetooth. Thus, Bluetooth is better suited for streaming and data intensive applications such as file transfer.

Why do we need another wireless standard? There's a big demand for wireless products that can transmit data to a central monitoring service, such as medical sensors. The problem is that they need to be very low power. The other problem is that if they are to use a mobile phone as a gateway to the network, then the same radio needs to exist within the phone. But phone vendors don't want to add yet another radio. Wibree will be almost free to put in a phone. Wibree consume only a fraction of the power compared to other radio technologies Conclusion: Considering all these factors together, Wibree has the potential to transform consumer devices. It will solve the technology and monitoring issues that are currently hindering the adoption of wireless healthcare services and enable a whole new generation of lifestyle, monitoring and safety products. By making the mobile handset the gateway, it brings the network operators into the equation. And they have the resources to aggregate and enable service provision. Today Wibree is a Nokia solution. However, it is being supported by the major Bluetooth chip vendors including Cambridge Silicon Radio and Broadcom. That means it will reside within the chips in almost every brand of handset. It is unlikely that other phone vendors will not take advantage of its presence, not least because it offers the network operators an additional revenue stream. Its presence will make it very difficult for any other short range, low power wireless technology to gain traction in the handset, ensuring that Wibree is placed to own the wireless healthcare market. By the end of 2007, Nokia expects to be able to provide the first modular products to allow developers to start work on Wibree designs for wireless healthcare. In the meantime we also expect to see networks engage in investigating the infrastructure. Requirements to provide the data services to support these applications.

Nokia aeon phone concept- future

Mobile phones will include Wibree