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SEMESTER VIII CELLULAR AND MOBILE COMMUNICATION UNIT I MULTIPLE ACCESS TECHNIQUES AND CELLULAR CONCEPT 9 Multiple Access

Techniques: FDMA- TDMA- spread spectrum multiple accessCDMASDMACSMA protocols- Cellular Concept: Frequency reuse- channel assignmenthand off- Interference and system capacity- tracking and grade of service- Improving Coverage and capacity in Cellular systemsUNIT II MOBILE RADIO PROPAGATION 9 Free space propagation model- relating power to electric field -Propagation mechanisms- reflection -Ground reflection model -diffraction- scattering- link budget design using path loss models -Small scale Multipath propagation- Impulse response model of a multi-path channel- Small scale Multipath measurements- parameters of Mobile multipath channels- types of small scale fadingUNIT III MODULATION TECHNIQUES- DIVERSITY AND ANTENNAS 9 Modulation Techniques: Binary frequency shift keying- Minimum Shift KeyingGaussian MSK- Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing- Diversity reception- Types of diversity- RAKE receiver -Basic combining methods- Base station and mobile station antennasUNIT IV SPEECH CODING 9 Characteristics of speech signals - Quantization techniques - Adaptive Differential pulse code modulation (ADPCM)- Frequency domain coding of speech VocodersLinear Predictive Coders- Selection of Speech Codecs for Mobile CommunicationGSM Codec- USDC Codec - Performance evaluation UNIT V CELLULAR STANDARDS 9 AMPS- GSM-Architecture- Channels and Frame structure- GPRS- EDGE- CDMA standards (IS-95)-Forward CDMA channel and reverse CDMA channel WCDMALayer architecture TEXT BOOKS: 1. T.S.Rappaport- Wireless Communications: Principles and Practice- Second Edition- Pearson Education/ Prentice Hall of India- Third Indian Reprint 20032. Vijay K-Garg- Wireless Network Evolution 2G to 3G- Pearson Education- New Delhi- 2003 REFERENCES: 3. Dharma Prakash Agarwal and Qing An Zeng- Introduction to Wireless and Mobile Systems- 2nd Edition- Thomson Learning- New Delhi- 2007 4. William C.Y.Lee-Mobile and Cellular Telecommunications Analog and Digital Systems- 2 e -TMH. 5. Tse & viswanath cellular communicatoion 6. Schillermobile communications pearson 2005

DISASTER MANAGEMENT LTPMC 3 0 0 100 3 Unit I: Introduction 9 Introduction Disaster preparedness Goals and objectives of ISDR Programme- Risk identification Risk sharing Disaster and development: Development plans and disaster management Alternative to dominant approach disaster-development linkages -Principle of risk partnership Unit II: Application of Technology in disaster risk reduction 9 Application of various technologies: Data bases RDBMS Management Information systems Decision support system and other systems Geographic information systems Intranets and extranets video teleconferencing. Trigger mechanism Remote sensing-an insight contribution of remote sensing and GIS - Case study. Unit III: Awareness of Risk reduction 9 Trigger mechanism constitution of trigger mechanism risk reduction by education disaster information network risk reduction by public awareness Unit IV: Development planning on disaster 9 Implication of development planning financial arrangements areas of improvement disaster preparedness community based disaster management emergency response. Unit V: Seismicity 9 Seismic waves Earthquakes and faults measures of an earthquake, magnitude and intensity ground damage Tsunamis and earthquakes TOTAL: 45 Text Books: 1. Pardeep Sahni, Madhavi malalgoda and ariyabandu, Disaster risk reduction in south asia, PHI 2. Amita sinvhal, Understanding earthquake disasters TMH, 2010. Reference: 1. Pardeep sahni, Alka Dhameja and Uma medury, Disaster mitigation: Experiences and reflections, PHI

MODELING AND SIMULATION LAB LTPMC 0 0 3 100 2 1- Embedded SYSTEM DESIGN WITH FPGA USING HDLA. SIMPLE ALARM SYSTEMB. PARITY CHECKERC. SCROLLING MESSAGE DISPLAYD. MULTIMODE CALCULATORS2- LOGICAL DESIGN- ADVANCED VERIFICATION AND DIGITAL IMPLEMENTATION AND PCB DESIGN USING SPICE3- MODELING AND PROTOTYPING WITH SIMULINK AND CODE COMPOSER STUDIO WITH DSK. 4- GRAPHICAL SIMULATION AND MODELING USING MATHEMATICAL TOOLS5- SIMULATION OF A COMMUNICATION SYSTEM LIKE DELTA MODULATIONADAPTIVE DELTA MODULATION- QPSK- CONSTELLATION DIAGRAMS USING SIMULINK.

TELECOMMUNICATION SWITCHING NETWORKS LTPMC 3 0 0 100 3 UNIT I MULTIPLEXING 9 Transmission Systems- FDM TDM - Line Coding - SONET/SDH: SONET Multiplexing Overview- SONET Frame Formats- SONET Operations- Administration and Maintenance- Payload Framing and Frequency Justification- Virtual TributariesDS3 Payload Mapping- E4 Payload Mapping- SONET Optical Standards- SONET Networks- SONET Rings: Unidirectional Path-Switched Ring- Bidirectional LineSwitched RingUNIT II DIGITAL SWITCHING 9 Switching Functions- Space Division Switching- Time Division Switchingtwodimensional Switching: STS Switching- TST Switching- No-4 ESS Toll Switch- Digital Cross-Connect Systems- Digital Switching in an Analog Environment- Elements of SSN07 signalingUNIT III NETWORK SYNCHRONIZATION CONTROL AND MANAGEMENT 9 Timing: Timing Recovery: Phase-Locked Loop- Clock Instability- Jitter MeasurementsSystematic Jitter- Timing Inaccuracies: Slips- Asynchronous Multiplexing- Network Synchronization- Network Control- Network ManagementUNIT IV DIGITAL SUBSCRIBER ACCESS 9 ISDN: ISDN Basic Rate Access Architecture- ISDN U Interface- ISDN D Channel Protocol- High-Data-Rate Digital Subscriber Loops: Asymmetric Digital Subscriber Line- VDSL- Digital Loop Carrier Systems: Universal Digital Loop Carrier SystemsIntegrated Digital Loop Carrier Systems- Next-Generation Digital Loop Carrier- Fiber in the Loop- Hybrid Fiber Coax Systems- Voice band Modems: PCM Modems- Local Microwave Distribution Service- Digital Satellite ServicesUNIT V TRAFFIC ANALYSIS 9 Traffic Characterization: Arrival Distributions- Holding Time Distributions- Loss Systems- Network Blocking Probabilities: End-to-End Blocking ProbabilitiesOverflow Traffic- Delay Systems: Exponential service Times- Constant Service Times- Finite QueuesTOTAL: 45 TEXT BOOKS: 1. Bellamy John- Digital Telephony- John Wily & Sons- Inc- 3rd edn- 20002. Thiagarajan Viswanathan,Telecommunication switching systems and Networks-PHI-2004 REFERENCES: 3. D N Krishna Kumar- Telecommunication & Switching- Sanguine Technical Publishers- Bangalore-2006 4. J.E.Flood, Telecommunication switching, Traffic and Networks, Pearson Education Ltd, New Delhi, 2001. 5. Syed R Ali, Digital switching systems, McGraw-Hill, New York 1998

TOTAL QUALITY MANAGEMENT LTPMC 3 0 0 100 3 1. INTRODUCTION Definition of Quality, Dimensions of Quality, Quality Planning, Quality costs Analysis Techniques for Quality Costs, Basic concepts of Total Quality Management, Historical Review, Principles of TQM, Leadership Concepts, Role of Senior Management, Quality Council, Quality Statements, Strategic Planning, Deming Philosophy, Barriers to TQM Implementation. 2. TQM PRINCIPLES Customer satisfaction Customer Perception of Quality, Customer Complaints, Service Quality, Customer Retention, Employee Involvement Motivation, Empowerment, Teams, Recognition and Reward, Performance Appraisal, Benefits, Continuous Process Improvement Juran Trilogy, PDSA Cycle, 5S, Kaizen, Supplier Partnership Partnering, sourcing, Supplier Selection, Supplier Rating, Relationship Development, Performance Measures Basic Concepts, Strategy, Performance Measure-Business Excellence Model-Rajiv Gandhi National Quality Award 3. STATISTICAL PROCESS CONTROL (SPC) The seven tools of quality, Statistical Fundamentals Measures of central Tendency and Dispersion, Population and Sample, Normal Curve, Control Charts for variables and attributes, Process capability, Concept of six sigma, New seven Management tools. 4. TQM TOOLS Benchmarking Reasons to Benchmark, Benchmarking Process, Quality Function Deployment (QFD) House of Quality, QFD Process, Benefits, Taguchi Quality Loss Function, Total Productive Maintenance (TPM) Concept, Improvement Needs, FMEA Stages of FMEA. 5. QUALITY SYSTEMS Introduction, Consensus, Scope, Selection and Use of the ISO 9000:2000 , The ISO 9000 Family, Implementing the ISO 9001:2000 Quality Management System. Elements, Implementation of Quality System, Documentation, Quality Auditing, QS 9000, ISO 14000 Concept, Requirements and Benefits. REFERENCES: 1. Subburaj Ramasamy,Total Quality Mangement,Tata McGraw Hill,NewDelhi,2007. 2. Dale H.Besterfiled, et at., Total Quality Management, Pearson Education Asia, 1999. (Indian reprint 2002). 3. James R.Evans & William M.Lidsay, The Management and Control of Quality, (6th Edition), South-Western (Thomson Learning), 2005 (ISBN 978-81-315-0136-8) 4. Narayana V. and Sreenivasan, N.S. Quality Management Concepts and Tasks, New Age International 1996. 5. Zeiri. Total Quality Management for Engineers ,Wood Head Publishers, 1991.