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RISK ASSESSMENT FORM Type of Environment: Engineering Faculty UPM (Toilet)

The picture beside shows the acid is left open and is it frozen.

Hazard Identification S/N: Step 1 - Hazard Identification: Exposure of acid in toilet


y Potential Health Hazards; carcinogen; irritates eyes, nose,throat and skin; nervous, digestive,

respiratory system damage. Acute oral exposure may cause corrosion of the mucous membranes, esophagus, and stomach, with nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea reported in humans. Dermal contact may produce severe burns, ulceration, and scarring. y Pulmonary irritation, lesions of the upper respiratory tract, and laryngeal and pulmonary edema have been reported in rodents acutely exposed by inhalatio Step 2 - Risk Assessment Matrix: Severity Critical 3 5 8 12 15

Likelihood Catastrophic Marginal Frequent 1 6 Probable 2 9 Occasional 4 13 Remote 7 16 Improbable 11 17 Severity: y Cat 1(Catastrophic) Death, loss of asset or grave damage. y Cat II(Critical) Severe injury or property damage. y Cat III (Marginal) Minor injury, property damage. y Cat IV(Negligible) Minimal threat to personnel safety or property.

Negligible 10 14 18 19 20

Likelihood: y y y y Probable Likely to occur immediately or within a short period of time. Remote Probably will occur in time. Expected to occur several times to an individual item or person or frequently to a fleet, inventory or group. Extremely Remote May occur in time. Can reasonably be expected to occur some time to an individual item or person or several times to a fleet, inventory or group. Extremely Improbable Unlikely to occur.

The rate for this risk assessment is probable and critical


Step 3-Risk Decision; Category; Engineering Administrative Personal Protective Equipment Remarks: Control the use of acids

Step 4- Risk control Measures;

Possible Solutions
y y

Remove the acid as soon as possible Keep the toilets always hygiene and clean.

Step 5 Monitor: Always inspect the toilet everyday and make sure the toilets are clean and hygiene.

RISK ASSESSMENT FORM Type of Environment: Chemical lab UPM

The picture beside shows the release of chlorofluorocarbon (CFC)

Hazard Identification S/N: Step 1 - Hazard Identification: release of chlorofluorocarbon (CFC)

Potential Hazard
Respiratory illnesses - such as Legionnaires Disease, Pontiac Fever, and Hypersensitivity Pneumonitis can also be spread by air conditioning systems. Air conditioning can have a negative effect on skin, drying it out and a positive effect on sufferers of allergies and asthma. Air conditioning can also cause dehydration.

Step 2 - Risk Assessment Matrix: Severity Likelihood Catastrophic Critical Marginal Frequent 1 3 6 Probable 2 5 9 Occasional 4 8 13 Remote 7 12 16 Improbable 11 15 17 Severity: y Cat 1(Catastrophic) Death, loss of asset or grave damage. y Cat II(Critical) Severe injury or property damage. y Cat III (Marginal) Minor injury, property damage. y Cat IV(Negligible) Minimal threat to personnel safety or property.

Negligible 10 14 18 19 20

Likelihood: y y y y Probable Likely to occur immediately or within a short period of time. Remote Probably will occur in time. Expected to occur several times to an individual item or person or frequently to a fleet, inventory or group. Extremely Remote May occur in time. Can reasonably be expected to occur some time to an individual item or person or several times to a fleet, inventory or group. Extremely Improbable Unlikely to occur.

The rate for this risk assessment is occasional and critical

Step 3-Risk Decision; Category; Engineering Administrative Personal Protective Equipment Remarks: Control the temperature

Step 4- Risk control Measures;

Possible Solutions
y y

Use less air conditioner In some cases try to use fan instead of air conditioner

Step 5 Monitor: Do some regulatory check up on the service of the air conditioner.

RISK ASSESSMENT FORM Type of Environment: Engineering Faculty UPM

The picture shows the roof of the road is broken.

Hazard Identification S/N: Step 1 - Hazard Identification: the broken roof

Potential Hazard This broken roof can harm the students especially when its raining and lightning. In addition, when a student walk by the probability he/she will wet were high cause the roof is broken.

Step 2 - Risk Assessment Matrix: Severity Likelihood Catastrophic Critical Marginal Frequent 1 3 6 Probable 2 5 9 Occasional 4 8 13 Remote 7 12 16 Improbable 11 15 17 Severity: y Cat 1(Catastrophic) Death, loss of asset or grave damage. y Cat II(Critical) Severe injury or property damage. y Cat III (Marginal) Minor injury, property damage. y Cat IV(Negligible) Minimal threat to personnel safety or property.

Negligible 10 14 18 19 20

Likelihood: y y y y Probable Likely to occur immediately or within a short period of time. Remote Probably will occur in time. Expected to occur several times to an individual item or person or frequently to a fleet, inventory or group. Extremely Remote May occur in time. Can reasonably be expected to occur some time to an individual item or person or several times to a fleet, inventory or group. Extremely Improbable Unlikely to occur.

The rate for this risk assessment is remote and critical

Step 3-Risk Decision; Category; Engineering Administrative Personal Protective Equipment Remarks: Rebuilt the roof Use umbrella

Step 4- Risk control Measures;

Possible Solutions
y y

Rebuilt the roof. Check for the safety of the students when walking the road with roof.

Step 5 Monitor: Monthly do some inspection on the strength of roof and the condition of the roof.

RISK ASSESSMENT FORM Type of Environment: Hospital heliport The picture shows the open drainage system, where the contaminated water is being exposed.

Hazard Identification S/N: Step 1 - Hazard Identification: open drainage system

Potential Hazard The contaminated water could cause human health problem such as diarrhea,infections and much more.

Step 2 - Risk Assessment Matrix: Severity Likelihood Catastrophic Critical Marginal Frequent 1 3 6 Probable 2 5 9 Occasional 4 8 13 Remote 7 12 16 Improbable 11 15 17 Severity: y Cat 1(Catastrophic) Death, loss of asset or grave damage. y Cat II(Critical) Severe injury or property damage. y Cat III (Marginal) Minor injury, property damage. y Cat IV(Negligible) Minimal threat to personnel safety or property.

Negligible 10 14 18 19 20

Likelihood: y y y y Probable Likely to occur immediately or within a short period of time. Remote Probably will occur in time. Expected to occur several times to an individual item or person or frequently to a fleet, inventory or group. Extremely Remote May occur in time. Can reasonably be expected to occur some time to an individual item or person or several times to a fleet, inventory or group. Extremely Improbable Unlikely to occur.

The rate for this risk assessment is remote and marginal

Step 3-Risk Decision; Category; Engineering Administrative Personal Protective Equipment Remarks: Built underground duct wastage Produce regulation for the open drainage

Step 4- Risk control Measures;

Possible Solutions
y y

Close the drainage and inform to the higher authority. Built underground drainage.

Step 5 Monitor: Control the drainage through regulations.

RISK ASSESSMENT FORM Type of Environment: Hospital heliport The picture shows the chemical substances is kept outside.

Hazard Identification S/N: Step 1 - Hazard Identification: exposure of open chemical substances

Potential Hazard These are some examples of hazard of open chemical substances:
Irritants - refers to some sort of aggravation of whatever tissue the material comes in contact with. e.g. ammonia, nitrogen dioxide. Asphyxiants - exert their effects through a depletion of oxygen to the tissues e.g. - simple asphyxiants - carbon dioxide, nitrogen, methane, hydrogen chemical asphyxiants - carbon monoxide, hydrogen cyanide, hydrogen sulphide. Narcotics or Anaesthetics - the main toxic action is the depressant effect upon the Central Nervous System. e.g. - many organics, chloroform, xylene. Systemic Poisons - the main toxic action includes the production of internal damage e.g. Hepatotoxic agents - toxic effects produce liver damage. eg. carbon tetrachloride. e.g. Nephrotoxic agents - toxic effects produce kidney damage eg. some halogenated hydrocarbons Carcinogens - agents/compounds that will induce cancer in humans. e.g. benzene, arsenic, inorganic salts of chromium, nickel, beryllium.

Mutagens - agents that affect the cells of the exposed people in such a way that it may cause cancer in the exposed individiual or an undesirable mutation to occur in some later generation. e.g. radiation, variety of chemical agents that alter the genetic message. Teratogens - Agents or compounds that a pregnant woman takes into her body that generate defects in the fetus e.g. Thalidomide, possibly steroids

Step 2 - Risk Assessment Matrix: Severity Likelihood Catastrophic Critical Marginal Frequent 1 3 6 Probable 2 5 9 Occasional 4 8 13 Remote 7 12 16 Improbable 11 15 17 Severity: y Cat 1(Catastrophic) Death, loss of asset or grave damage. y Cat II(Critical) Severe injury or property damage. y Cat III (Marginal) Minor injury, property damage. y Cat IV(Negligible) Minimal threat to personnel safety or property. Likelihood: y y y y Probable Likely to occur immediately or within a short period of time. Remote Probably will occur in time. Expected to occur several times to an individual item or person or frequently to a fleet, inventory or group. Extremely Remote May occur in time. Can reasonably be expected to occur some time to an individual item or person or several times to a fleet, inventory or group. Extremely Improbable Unlikely to occur.

Negligible 10 14 18 19 20

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The rate for this risk assessment is remote and critical


Step 3-Risk Decision; Category; Engineering Administrative Personal Protective Equipment Remarks: Provide some rules to use chemical substances.

Step 4- Risk control Measures;

Possible Solutions
y

Remove the chemical substances in the open place and put it in a close place.

Step 5 Monitor: Do some weekly inspection on the surrounding.

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