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Question Bank


VERY SHORT ANWER TYPE QUESTIONS (1mark) 1. How does the width of the depletion region of a pn junction vary, if the reverse bias applied to it increases? 2. In the given diagram, is the diode D forward biased or reverse biased?

3. Draw the voltage current characteristics of a Zener diode 4. How does the collector current change in a junction transistor, if the base region has larger width? 5. Define transconductance of a transistor 6. Draw the out put wave forms for input wave forms A and B for OR gate.

7. Draw the logic symbol of a 2 input NOR gate. Write down its truth table 8. Name the gate obtained from the combination of gates shown in fig. Draw its logic symbol. .write the truth table of the combination

9. A semiconductor has equal electrons and hole concentration 6x108m-3. On doping with a certain impurity, electron concentration increases to 8x1012 m-3.

10. What type of semiconductor results when trivalent impurities are added to a germanium crystal? Give reasons for your answer. 11.Why should a photo diode be operated at a reverse bias?

SHORT ANSWER TYPE QUESTIONS (2marks) 12. Distinguish between an intrinsic semiconductor and p-type semi conductor.Give reason why a p-type semi conductor crystal is electrically neutral,although nh >> ne ? 13For an extrinsic semiconductor, mark the donor and acceptor levels in the energy -band diagram. 14. Draw the circuit diagram of a p-n junction diode in forward bias. Sketch the voltage current graph for the same. 15. Draw the circuit diagram for use of p-n junction as a half-wave rectifier. 14. What is light emitting diode (LED)? Draw a circuit diagram and explain its action. 15. The input resistance of a common-emitter amplifier is 2k ohm and a.c current gain is 20. If the load resistor used is 5k ohm. Calculate (i) the voltage gain of the amplifier (ii) the transconductance of the transistor used. 16. For the digital circuit given below, write the truth table showing the output Y1: Y2 for all possible input at A and B.

17. The diagram shows a piece of pure semi conductors in series with a variable R, and a source of constant voltage V. Would you increase or decrease the value of R to keep the reading of ammeter (A) constant, when semi conductors is heated ? Give reason.

LONG ANSWER TYPE QUESTIONS (3marks) 17. What are energy bands? How are these formed? Distinguish between a conductor, an insulator and a semi conductor on the basis of energy band diagram. 18. Distinguish between intrinsic and extrinsic semi conductors. Give the ratio of the holes and the number of conductor.

19. Explain the use of transistor as a switch. 20. Explain how the depletion layer and barrier potential are formed in pn junction diode. 21. Explain with the help of a circuit diagram, how the thickness of depletion layer in a p.n junction diode. 22. Draw the circuit diagram of a full wave rectifier and explain its working. Draw the input and output waveforms. 23. What is a Zener diode? How it is symbolically represented? With the help of a circuit diagram, explain the use of Zener diode as a voltage stabilizer. 24. Draw a circuit diagram to show how a photodiode is biased. Draw its characteristic curves for two different illumination intensities. A photo diode is fabricated from a semiconductor with band gap of 2.8eV. Can it detect a wavelength of 6000nm? Justify (Hints: h > Eg) 25. In the circuit given below, a voltmeter V is connected across lamp L. What change would occur at lamp L and the voltmeter V, if the resistor R is reduced in value?


26. Explain with the help of a circuit diagram the use of n p n transistor as an amplifier in common emitter configuration. 27. Explain through a labeled circuit diagram, the use of a transistor as an oscillator.