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Introduction to spiritual management

Management is primarily managing people. God is also at work in people constantly striving towards their integral development. This is personal humanism. Management is essentially a matter of cooperating with this invisible ally in empowering and managing people. Certain specific dimensions of man-management such as believing in people, being open to people and their ideas, acknowledging them in private and public, serving and loving them etc can draw inspiration from this spiritual vision of business. People would then be considered not as objects to be used but as persons to be related to. The very idea of Servant Leadership is strongly grounded in the notion of a faith-inspired stewardship of management. Thus the social and personal humanism provided by faith vision, brings management and spirituality together on the same common meeting ground. In this modern world the art of Management has become a part and parcel of everyday life, be it at home, in the office or factory and in Government. In all organizations, where a group of human beings assemble for a common purpose irrespective of caste, creed, and religion, management principles come into play through the management of resources, finance and planning, priorities, policies and practice. Management is a systematic way of carrying out activities in any field of human effort. Management need to focus more on leadership skills, e.g., establishing vision and goals, communicating the vision and goals, and guiding others to accomplish them. It also assert that leadership must be more facilitative, participative and empowering in how visions and goals are established and carried out. Some people assert that this really isn't a change in the management functions, rather it's re-emphasizing certain aspects of management. Its task is to make people capable of joint performance, to make their weaknesses irrelevant, says the Management Guru Peter Drucker. It creates harmony in working together - equilibrium in thoughts and actions, goals and achievements, plans and performance, products and markets. It resolves situations of scarcity, be they in the physical, technical or human fields, through maximum utilization with the minimum available processes to achieve the goal. Lack of management causes disorder, confusion, wastage, delay, destruction and even depression.

Managing men, money and materials in the best possible way, according to circumstances and environment, is the most important and essential factor for a successful management. The interpretation of spirituality and spirituality in the workplace as a starting point for

consideration, with the recognition that each individual may have his/her own personal definitions:  The innate human attribute in spirituality. All people bring this as an integral part of themselves to the workplace. Spirituality is a state or experience that can provide individuals with direction or meaning, or provide feelings of understanding, support, inner wholeness or connectedness. Connectedness can be to themselves, other people, nature, the universe, a god, or some other supernatural power.  The vertical component in spirituality a desire to transcend the individual ego or personality self. The name you put on the vertical component might be God, Spirit, Universe, Higher Power or something else. There are a great many names for this vertical dimension. This dimension is experienced as a conscious sense of profound connection to the Universe/God/Spirit. This might be experienced internally as moments of awe or peak experiences. A strong, sustained vertical component reflects in outer behaviors as a person (or group) who is centered and able to tap into deep inner strength and wisdom. Generally quiet time, time in nature, or other reflective activities or practices are required to access the vertical component of our spirituality. Examples of the vertical component of spirituality might be meditation rooms, time for shared reflection, silence before meetings, ecumenical prayer, and support for employees to take time off for spiritual development.  The horizontal component in spirituality a desire to be of service to other humans and the planet. In the horizontal we seek to make a difference through our actions. This dimension is manifested externally. A person with a strong vertical connection who is also able to demonstrate the horizontal dimension has a clear grasp on his/her mission, ethics, values. A strong horizontal component is demonstrated by a service orientation, compassion, and well-aligned vision/mission and values that are carried out in productive effective services and products.

 Spirituality in the workplace means that employees find nourishment for both the vertical and horizontal dimensions of their spirituality at work. Spirituality in the Workplace is about individuals and organizations seeing work as a spiritual path, as an opportunity to grow and to contribute to society in a meaningful way. It is about care, compassion and support of others; about integrity and people being true to themselves and others. It means individuals and organizations attempting to live their values more fully in the work they do. Examples of vertical organizational spirituality include: meditation time at the beginning of meetings, retreat or spiritual training time set aside for employees, appropriate accommodation of employee prayer practices, and openly asking questions to test if company actions are aligned with higher meaning and purpose. Companies with a strong sense of the horizontal will generally demonstrate some or all of the following: caring behaviors among co-workers; a social responsibility orientation; strong service commitments to customers; environmental sensitivity; and a significant volume of community service activities. The vertical and horizontal dimensions should be well integrated so that motivations (sourced from the vertical) and actions (horizontal manifestations) are explicitly linked. We will be honoring organizations that are financially sound, sustainable, and effective, as well as focused on greater meaning and purpose. We believe that when done properly, Spirit at Work enhances the overall value of the organization.

Values of spirituality
Spirituality is shown in a workplace when the following activities are included: o Bereavement programs. o Wellness information displayed and distributed. o Employee Assistance Programs. o Programs that integrate work/family. o Management systems that encourage personal and spiritual transformation. o Servant leadership the desire to serve others first in preference to self. o Stewardship leadership practices that support growth and well-being of others. o Diversity programs that create inclusive cultures.

o Integration of core values and core business decisions and practices. o Leadership practices that support the growth and development of all employees.

Workplace Spirituality
Workplace Spirituality or Spirituality in the Workplace is movement that began in the early 1990s. It emerged as a grassroots movement with individuals seeking to live their faith and/or spiritual values in the workplace. One of the first publications to mention spirituality in the workplace was Business Week, June 5, 2005. The cover article was titled "Companies hit the road less traveled: Can spirituality enlighten the bottom line?" However, prior to that, William Miller wrote an article titled "How Do We Put Our Spiritual Values to Work," published in "New Traditions in Business: Spirit and Leadership in the 21st Century" edited by John Renesch, 1992, San Francisco: Berrett-Koehler. Gilbert Fairholm wrote "Capturing the Heart of Leadership: Spiritual Community in the New American Workplace" in 1997 and Jay Conger wrote "Spirit at Work: The movement began primarily as U.S. centric but has become much more international in recent years. Key organizations include: o International Center for Spirit at Work (ICSW) o European Baha'i Business Forum (EBBF) o World Business Academy (WBA) o Spiritual Business Network (SBN) o Foundation for Workplace Spirituality Thus, workplace spirituality seems susceptible of being adopted without a genuine commitment to an authentic practice because it can be used as a tool to seek legitimacy with the stakeholders of the organization. When it is motivated by such legitimacy, the wider acceptance of the organizations practicing spirituality will at least be economically and socially beneficial. Therefore, one could argue that even without a genuine commitment to an authentic practice of spirituality, driven by legitimacy, organizations could have a motive to embrace workplace

spirituality. Then, practicing workplace spirituality raises genuine concerns about its use to further economic goals of organizations, and therefore, has the potential of becoming yet another management fad. If workplace spirituality is accepted as best practice, then its adoption will be at least economically beneficial to those organizations practising workplace spirituality. Therefore, even without a genuine commitment to an authentic practice of spirituality, driven by legitimacy, organizations could still have a motive to embrace workplace spirituality, introducing a possible faddish character to the on temporary workplace spirituality. Once the practice of spirituality is established, the relationship with the Divine becomes the focus of the individuals efforts. This Divine relationship becomes extremely personal and is independent of any other individual, situation or belief system. It is free-flowing and manifests without generating a culture, as do most personal relationships. It manifests in as many ways as there are individuals, since we are all unique expressions of the Divine. It bestows an ultimate feeling of self-worth on those who achieve even the smallest connection with their Source. Spirituality is not a doctrine. It is a remembrance. It is a feeling. It is the knowledge that you are more than your physical body, that you are an eternally living being. It is self-exploration, selfrealization. This is where most people stop. They are not able to or perhaps willing to explore themselves. Furthermore, they do not want to face the possibility that they are eternal, spiritual beings who will have a temporary human experience. It is easier to adhere to someone elses belief system or something else, such as materialism, than to explore deep into his or her own soul. Worse, they cannot face the responsibility that such knowledge conveys upon them that they must think and act as eternal beings and they are responsible to their Divine purpose.

Directed Spirituality
One aspect of Being Spiritual is goal-directed, with aims such as: simultaneously improve ones and willpower, achieve a closer connection to Deity/the universe, and remove illusions or false ideas at the sensory, feelings and thinking aspects of a person.

Others say that spirituality is a two-stroke process: the upward stroke is inner growth, changing oneself as one changes his/her relationship with God, and the downward stroke is manifesting improvements in the physical reality around oneself as a result of the inward change. Spiritual disciplines are those practices that we intentionally take on in order to form our spirituality in a specific direction. Spiritual disciplines, Christian, Hindu or Muslim are designed to open us to Gods presence, to make us available for closer intimacy with God, to help us discern Gods will for our lives. This is why religions have dominated the human experience for untold millennia. The Fear of Self has held the collective human consciousness in chains and in ignorant misery. But no matter how fearful we have been able to explore the infinite human spirit, we cannot escape the task that remains before us.

We cannot ignore our spirituality forever because we cannot ignore ourselves forever

Spiritual Quotient
For long, the world gave much importance to Intelligence Quotient. My son has an IQ of 210! the proud mother would gush. Hes going to be a scientist. This attitude is a legacy of the early 20th century when psychologists devised tests to measure intelligence. These tests primarily measured intellectual or rational intelligence. The higher the figure, the belief went, the greater the intelligence.

In mid-1990s, Daniel Goleman revealed findings in neuroscience and psychology that stressed the importance of Emotional Quotient (EQ). This makes us aware of our feelings and that of others. It gives empathy, motivation, compassion and an ability to respond skillfully to pleasure and pain. Goleman argued that EQ was a basic requirement for the use of IQ. If the areas of our brain that feel are damaged, our ability to think effectively is diminished.

Last year, however, authors Dana Zohar and Ian Marshall introduced a new dimension to human intelligence. Spiritual Quotient (SQ) is the ultimate intelligence, they claim. This is the intelligence used to solve problems of meaning and value. Is m job giving me the fulfillment I seek? Am I relating to people in my life in a way that contributes t their happiness and mine? Answers to these questions determine whether we will find happiness or not. IQ and EQ are inadequate in such issues.

Spiritual intelligence is about the growth of human being. It is about moving on in life. About having a direction in life and being able to heal ourselves of all the resentment we carry. It is thinking of us, as an expression of a higher reality. It is also about how we look at the resources available to us. We realize that nature is not meant to be exploited. Ultimately, we discover freedom from our sense of limitation as human beings and attain Moksha.

Humans are essential spiritual beings, evolved to ask fundamental questions. Who am I? Where am I going? What do others mean to me? it is an ability to answers questions like these that lead to people to personal growth workshops. Spiritual intelligence motivates people to balance their work schedules to spend time with the family. Or an executive with a high SQ might look beyond profit margins and devote time for voluntary work with orphans. Spiritual intelligence also addresses the need to places ones life in a shared context of value.

The Transformative power of SQ distinguishes it from IQ and EQ. IQ primarily solves logical problems. EQ allows us to judge the situation we are in and behave appropriately. SQ allows us to ask if we want to be in that situation in the fist place. It might motivate us to create a new one. SQ has little connection to formal religion. Atheists and humanists may have high SQ while someone actively religious may not. The awakening of our spiritual intelligence may be a time o great joy and meaning. Suddenly I had a feeling of being in control. Earlier things happened to me. Now I am more aware. Also, I

have actually started living those values I has heard aboutlike acceptance and unconditional love, says Anita Pandey, who frequents Personal Growth programs.

A Simple Model of Multiple Intelligences


Here we see more than one model of multiple intelligences, but this one is a good one to start with since it is the simplest. It begins with Physical or PQ which is our earliest focus (think learning to crawl!), then IQ or logical and verbal intelligenceswhich is the focus of our educational system, and then Emotional Intelligence or EQ. if you are not familiar with Emotional Intelligence we highly recommend any book by Daniel Golemanbut especially working with Emotional Intelligence. EQ has been found to be more predictive of success in the business world than IQ. IQ appears to act as a gateway to entry if you dont have a minimum IQ you cant enter the fieldso you need a minimum IQ to become a lawyer, or a nurse, for example. But once you are in what distinguishes star performers is their EQ. Goleman, Boyatzis and The Hay Group have developed an instrument that measures Emotional Competencies (the skills of EQ). The measuring instrument is below.

SQ EQ IQ

Inner wisdom guided by Compassion. Equanimty (inner and outer peace) Managing ourselves and our relationships well

Math & Verbal intelligences (think SATs)

PQ

Body awareness and skillful use

EQ and SQ are related but different intelligences. A person needs at least a little EQ to authentically begin a spiritual journey. Specifically, a little self-awareness and empathy is needed to start! But once you begin your spiritual practices, SQ can be very reinforcing of EQ growth, and EQ growth can then nourish SQ growth so they are positively reinforcing each other. Visually it would look like this:

Measuring SQ
Spiritual intelligence skills can be broken into 4 Quadrants: 1. Higher Self/ Ego Self Awareness 2. Universal Awareness (awareness of interconnect ness, etc) 3. Higher Self/ Ego Self Mastery 4. Spiritual Presence/ Social Mastery

Spirituality at the work place


The goal of all mystical spiritual traditions is to realize our inherent Oneness with the creator and then give service to others from this experience of Oneness. We are born of creation and share in its creative powers. From Oneness with God, we co-create with God in this world. Work is the opportunity to deepen and express of Oneness with all beings through selfless service. While the

notion of selfless service flies in the face of our normal desires and beliefs about compensation and benefits programs, it is one way to begin experiencing the true nature of God as ones own nature, purified through more and more selflessness. The intrinsic motivatorour inner nature of loveis the very nature of divinity and the very life principles behind all organisms, including organizations. Thus the big question changes from How can me show that spiritual values can contribute to the bottom line? to How can we bring business into an expanded sense of our spirituality? Business is a learning ground for deepening our spiritual awareness. With this approach, ask yourself: how would we conduct ourselves differently at work? How would rewards and motivation be different? How would we communicate differently? How would we work to meet our commitments to our customers? How would we deal with pollution, recycling and green issues? How would we measure the health of a company (would quarterly earnings still be important)? The answers to these questions might imply incremental or radical changes in how we operate, depending on who we are and our circumstances. The one thing I feel confident about: the answers would lead us to greater prosperity, both materially and spiritually, rather than less.

Defining Spirituality at Work


Just as spirituality may be defined abstractly and in terms of characteristics, types, and specific content, we take the same approach to defining spirituality at work. A journey toward integration of work and spirituality, for individuals and

organizations, which provides direction, wholeness and connectedness at work


Two primary types of practices exist according to level of analysis: y Individual

Organizational

Individual Spirituality at work is journey towards integration of an individuals work and spiritual life. This means having work contribute to the individuals spiritual path, and having the individuals spiritual path contribute to their work. The specific nature of this integrating journey will depend on the individuals spiritual path, for a Buddhist, it might include practicing mindfulness, compassion and meditation at work and a career journey that emphasized right livelihood. Individual Spirituality at Work also includes work on spirituality and leadership, individual creativity, intuition, and well- being at work. Organizational Spirituality at Work is the organizational journey towards the spiritual. This can include organizational efforts to nurture Individual Spirituality at Work, but also organizational re- orientation towards spiritual goals and means. Until recently, this phenomenon was not well described, but recently Mitroff and Denton have proposed five types of organizational spirituality. These are the Religious, Recovering, Evolutionary, Socially Responsible, and Value- driven organizations.

According to Indias spiritual leader, Sathya Sai Baba, fundamental human values such as concern for well being, responsibility, love, truth and inner peace provide the foundation to every major spiritual tradition. These fundamental human values also directly support established business values such as how: y y y y y Concern for well-being fosters great service Responsibility fosters trust and quality Caring fosters collaboration and daring Truthfulness fosters honest relationships Equanimity fosters creative, wise decisions

As business leaders and ethical organizations, we can learn how to integrate personal and spiritual vales into the workplace to stimulate quantum leaps in creativity, process improvement, customer service, and other business values.

Characteristics Of Spirituality At Work


In addition, as with spirituality, a list of characteristics can often help understand a phenomenon. Characteristics of the Spirituality at Work  Largely a grass- roots phenomenon rather than an organizationally orchestrated one.  The primary texts are primary books and the basis of their truth claims is largely assertion.  A pluralistic phenomenon but with some hostility toward traditional/fundamental religiosity.  Literature with an overall optimistic and uncritical tone.

Finally, as with spirituality, Spirituality at Work may be expressed in terms of specific beliefs and practices. The table below organizes the individual and organizational aspects of Spirituality at Work in terms of their interior and exterior attributes. Exterior phenomena can be measured and observer by empirical methods. However, interior phenomena require exceptional, narrative, or discursive approaches.

A proposed organizing framework for spirituality at Work


Interior Individual  Private mediation and prayer  Practicing spiritual attitudes toward work and colleagues  Deep beliefs about the nature of God, the Universe, Humanity, Order/ Chaos, Grace, etc. Exterior  Observable behaviors  Spiritual symbols and talk  Spirituality and leadership development  Spirituality and career development  Empirical research (e.g. well-being, task effectiveness, motivation).

Interior Organizational     Organizing principle Values programs Climate, attitudes Organizational history and mission  Culture, stories, myths

Exterior  Structural features (e.g. hierarchies, reward systems, measures)  Spiritual goals (multiple stakeholders, nonmaterial outcomes)  Spiritual means (participation? no layoffs?)  Boundaries/statements of policies on Spirituality at Work  Nurturing individual spirituality (e.g. time and space)

This table shows dimensions along which a spiritual organization may be classified; these are principles and values (interior). The exterior, structural features of an organization that would promote more spiritual means and outcomes are also worthy of study. These would include identifying reward systems, HR policies, organizing principles, connectivity, and physical layout that would nurture individual spirituality at work, and assist the organization toward fulfilling more spiritual goals with more spiritual means.

SpiritualityNew Mantra at the Management Schools in India


A new language is spoken on the management campus these days: Sanskrit. The buzz words in business circles are no longer TQM (Total Quality Management) or kaizan. They are Ahm Brahmasmi (Self-Realization) and Tat Tvam ASI (Thou art that). And for the aspiring mangers, the new Bible is the Bhagavad- Gita. Spirituality is sashaying down corporate corridors, ready for business. The quest for selfawareness, once confined to mystics and spiritual adepts, is bursting activity. The emphasis is on spiritual and ethical principles and on expansion of consciousness through meditation, yogic techniques and creative thinking.

The Calcutta IIMs capitulation to this new thinking through its Management Centre for human values has given the changeover much- needed credibility, even among hard-core champions of

western empirical thought. The center came about with addition of concepts from Indian philosophy in the curriculum of the Executive Development Program. Industry is boldly mining the depths of Indian wisdom, the Vedas, Upanishads, Puranas, looking for a framework springing from Indian roots and thought. It is time we rediscover our own ethos and cultural context if we are to give meaningful and relevant management education. Says S.K.Chakraborty, convener of The Management Center of Human Values at the Indian Institute of Management (IIM), Calcutta.

At the Himachal Futuristic Communication Ltd. (HFCL), Delhi, managers and senior staff tune into fortnight lectures on Indian philosophy. Alacrity Foundation, a premier construction company in Chennai, practices human values such as integrity (reportedly, they have never given a bribe), trust, and the welfare of others. Industries like Excel and Nirlep also encourage worker participation and try to create a stress- free, familial work atmosphere.

Much of the credit for this new synthesis of spirituality and materialism goes to the resurgence of some spiritual organizations and their new found popularity among urban westernized professionals. The Mount Abu- based Brahma Kumaris regularly teach cooperate clients the value of listening, tolerance , adaptability and decision- making through the practice of Raja Yoga. Two other programs that have made steady inroads at the cooperate level are the Rishi Sansruti Vidhya Kendra (RSVK), Siddha Samadhi yoga (SSY) Sri Ravi Shankars Art of Living course. The Art of Living foundation is an international non-profit educational and humanitarian organization, active in over 140 countries. Te Foundation is dedicated to creating peace from the level of the individual and fostering human values within the global community. The programs eliminate stress, create a sense of belonging, restore human values, and encourage people from all backgrounds, religious, and cultural traditions to come together in celebration and service.

Management consultants, many of them Vedantists Centre for Indian Management in Indore, outlines three reasons for developing an Indian style of management: to have an appropriate management style in India; to show how ethical values help in every aspect of industry and business; and to show that a great achiever can lead a peaceful life. Suresh Pandit, a productivity expert, endorses the use of Indian concepts along with the standard western practices. There is a power in the concept, which often brings about a total change in attitude, he says. But the greatest catalysts for this change are the management institutes which have designed their curriculum in line with western thinking. Some spiritual organizations have themselves entered the field of management education. Mata Amritanamdamati Math has opened the Centre for Value-Based Value Education at Ettimadai, Coimbatore in India. Maharshi Mahesh Yogis organization has five centers of management study in the country.

Spiritual Practices
What practices lead to these spiritual experiences? Meditation is primary, particularly in its passive form. It is fund among all the mystical teachings in every major religious tradition, albeit outside of the mainstream of those traditions in some cases. It is a major part of the eastern religious traditions, where is it often practiced as a community. In Western traditions it is more commonly been practice individually. There are also secretive meditative practices that are nearly identical to those based in religious traditions, though they dont use religious icons as in some of those traditions. Individuals interested in learning to meditate are strongly encouraged to seek a personal guide for this practice, whether religious, secular or mystical. There are also numerous books available to supplement initial personal guidance.

Contemplative Prayer is similar to meditation in creating a spiritual experience. It may be practiced in active or passive form. Active contemplative prayer includes repeating a short saying, scriptural verse, sacred name and so froth as the focus of attention. One then surrenders to the
experience of the presence of God.passive contemplative are silent, wordless surrender to God. Thomas Merton describes it as unitize knowledge of God... Not a knowledge f subject and object, but a far different and transcendent kind of knowledge in which the created self... seems to disappear... and no longer knows itself apart from God. As with meditation, continuous contemplative prayer can be extended throughout ones daily activities.

Ritual is also a common practice among religious traditions, and somewhat less common in secular practices. Any repetitive action, song, saying, or prayer may be part of ritual practice. The greater the significance or meaning of these, the more effective the ritual be in creating a spiritual experience. The use of candle, incense and scared objects may enhance the experience for the practitioner. The practice of ritual in a group also seems to enhance the experience. Attending religious services are the most common source of community religious ritual practices. The nature and extend of ritual activities in these services varies from very elaborate and formal practices to simple and informal ones. Some people find walking, particularly outdoors and in nature, to be an effective spiritual practice. Walking in a labyrinth is an increasing popular alternative as churches and other organizations construct them and make them available to the public. Sitting quietly in nature is also a common practice.

Reflective thinking, particularly in the form of journaling, is a common practice. Recording ones spiritual experiences can help amplify the development of those experiences. In the evening, before retiring, is a particularly good time for this.

Islam calls for prayer five times each day. One can incorporate that or an alternative practice into ones daily practices. It may necessitate closing an office door or finding an empty space. Or you may seek to practice with other during those times, which is increasing common in the workplace.

One-minute moments of meditation are also possible. Even brief periods can enhance the level of spirituality in ones day. The Buddhist practice of mindfulness can also be incorporate into daily practice. This involves developing ones sense of awareness of every action, word or thought. Mindfulness takes practice and improves slowly over a period of time.

Also recommended is the Jewish practice of the Shabboth or Sabbath, also followed by some Christians. Following the 4th commandment in the Hebrew Bible, one avoids work or any activity that would cause another to work from sundown on Friday until sundown o Saturday. During Friday evening, a family may enjoy dining together, or one may choose to dine with other similarly mind of people. Scriptures may be read candles lit, and so forth, according to your particular tradition or preference. The next day may include religious services and/or study of scripture or other spiritual texts, together with other spiritual practices. It is a day of resta full day without work: no chores, no shopping, no T.V-- quite rare in our society. In this case, it is acceptable to do work, but it is always to be done very deliberately and consciously. This is then interspersed with periods of mindful walking and meditation throughout the day. In addition, maintaining silence throughout the day. One can also spend time mindfully sitting, drinking tea, eating, reading, scripture, or writing letters to friends. Such a practice can be a significant addition to ones spiritual life, which will help in enhancing his working ability in a stress free condition. The individual may not realize the changes immediately since these methods heal not only the mind but also the soul of the person. Meditation is an inward process of self- realization that gradually purifies the mind and the intellect of the person. With disciple and regular practice the person slowly starts experiencing increasing powers divine nature and at the same time an everlasting peace of mind.

Benefits of Spirituality at Work


When one observes purity, the vast amount of energy that is required and consumed in the pursuit of the passions(vices) especially lust is now made available to imbibe divine knowledge

and to inculcate godly virtues and to practice these divine attributes. This energy is now converted into divine intellectual and spiritual power and can be transmuted into creative thinking and work. This results in major scientific inventions and gives the world a peek into the power of silence and thus accesses and reveals the secrets of creation. With this power of silence, which is the root or basis of science, one is now able to have noble thoughts and royal feelings, which is the foundation of good action. When one had good actions, they acquire valuable, spiritual experience that generates further intuitive thinking that leads to wisdom. The intellect can now be very effective in decision- making and divine judgments to the general benefit of mankind. In general a pure intellect is able to select the pure thoughts it wishes to concentrate on and experience this immediately. The impure thoughts are rejected. This is fortune and immediate inheritance from the Supreme for those who purified their intellect. So remember make your consciousness Powerful and Accurate and you will make the connection. Perform elevated actions making constant connections and then you can stabilize and become Master Authority.

Criticism
Spirituality at Work seems likely to be strongly criticized by the academic and business establishment on a number of grounds. Among the challenges will be that our findings are not real world, or are not rational. Other challenges may be of a more emotional nature resulting from the treat that Spirituality at Work may pose to establishment knowledge or power structures. Still other challenges may come if this work resembles old wine in new bottles or has the appearance of yet another fad. We must consider whether these ideas are sufficiently robust in the face of the challenges from the technoeconomic and sociocultural context. For example, some important sociological arguments from critical theory have not yet been exposed to scholarly debate: y Can Spirituality at Work co-exist with the capitalist techno-economic context? Why would organizations consider seriously wider stakeholder and non material goals? How does institutional theory predict these organizations will far against there more profitoriented competitors?

Is spirituality at Work another liberal rhetoric used to conceal issues of exploitation and make the intolerable, tolerable? Is Spirituality at Work an extension of corporate culturist, or the control systems of modernity?

Could Spirituality at Work lead to increased conflict between spiritual worldviews? Between spiritual and material goods? Between worker spiritual lives and greater employer demands for time and effort?

These questions represent an extreme point of view, but it is worth considering whether we have an adequate response. We can ask what can be learned from the sociological conflict school without wholly embracing its conspiratorial views of corporate actions.

Spirituality at Work is a powerful force for good and people who are its custodians must ask themselves what they are doing to ensure that it is taken seriously and to prevent it from becoming a fad. For, if it does become a fad, individuals will have lost the chance to try to apply some well- tested principles and practices in their work- lives and to, perhaps, make those woklives more meaningful and joyful. Researchers will have lost the opportunity to adopt a more holistic approach that would integrate a broad range of thoughtful and scholarly ideas on individual and organizations behavior. And organizations will have lost an opportunity to try and moderate some of the ills that are, today, taken for granted as part of corporate culture: e.g. overwork, commoditization of people, and exploitation of the environment.

It is the responsibility of the researches, consultants, and practitioners to prevent this happening. For a topic such as spirituality, we must strive to be even more precise in the definitions, assumptions, theories, and research methods. For if one truly believes in the power of spirituality to effect radical positive change, then the future of that radical positive change depends on the commitment of the people who are studying and practicing Spirituality at Work now to Distinctiveness and rigor.

The Bhagavad-Gita
Mind is very restless, forceful and strong. O Krishna, it is more difficult to control the mind than to control the wind ~ Arjuna to Sri Krishna.
One of the greatest contributions of India to the world is the holy Gita which is considered to be the first revelations from God. The man agent lessons in this holy book were brought into light of the world by divine Maharishi Mahesh Yogi and the spiritual philosophy by Sr.Srila Prabhupada Swami and humanism by Sai Baba. Maharishi calls the Bhagavad-Gita the essence of Vedic Literature and a complete guide to practical life. It provides all that is needed to raise the consciousness of man to the highlight possible level, Maharishi reveals the deep, universal truths of life that speak to the needs and aspirations of everyone. Arjuna got mentally depressed when he saw his relatives with whom he has to fight (mental health has become a major international public health concern now). To inspire him and eliminate his doubt the BhagavadGita is preached in the battle field Kurukshetra by Lord Krishna to Arjuna as counseling to do his duty while multitudes of men stood by waiting. It has got all the management tactics to achieve the mental equilibrium and to overcome any crisis situation. The Bhagavad-Gita can be experienced as a powerful catalyst for transformation. Bhagavad-Gita means song of the Spirit, song of the Lord. The Holy Gita has become a secret driving force behind the enfoldment of ones life. In the days of doubt this divine book will support all spiritual searches. This divine book will contribute to self-reflection, finer feeling and deepen ones inner process. Then life in the world can become a real educationdynamic, full and joyful--no matter what the circumstance. May the wisdom of loving consciousness ever guide us on our journey? What makes the Holy Gita a practical psychology of transformation is that it offers us the tools to connect with our deepest intangible essence and we must learn to participate in the battle of life with the right knowledge?

Mind can be ones friend or enemy. Mind is the cause for both bondage and liberation.
The Supreme Lord is situated in everyones life, O Arjuna, and is directing the wanderings of all living entities, who are seated as on a machine, made of the material energy.

There is no theory to be internalized and applied in this psychology. Ancient practices spontaneously induce what each person needs as the individual and the universal coincide. The work proceeds through intellectual knowledge of the playing field (jnana yoga), emotional devotion to the ideal (bhakti yoga) and the right action that includes both feeling and knowledge (karma yoga). With on going purification we approach wisdom.

The Bhagavad-Gita is a message addressed to each and every human individual to help him or her to solve the vexing problem of overcoming the present and progressing towards a bright future. Within its eighteen chapters is revealed a human drama. This is the experience of everyone in this world; the drama of the ascent of man form is a state of utter dejection, sorrow and total breakdown and hopelessness to a state of perfect understanding, clarity, renewed strength and triumph. The chariot of the body. The five horses represent the five senses (tongue, eyes, ears, nose and skin). The reins, the driving instrument, symbolize the mind. The drive is the intelligence, and the passenger is the spirit soul. Management guidelines from the Bhagavad-Gita

There is an important distinction between effectiveness and efficiency in managing. y y Effectiveness is doing the right things. Efficiency is doing things right.

The general principle of effectiveness management can be applied in every filed, the differences being more in application than in principle. Effective management is not limited in its application only to business or industrial enterprises but to all organizations where the main aim is to reach a given goal through a Chief Executive or a Manager with the help of a group of workers.

The managers functions can be summed up as:


y y y y y y y y y Forming a vision Planning the strategy to realize the vision Cultivating the art of leadership Establishing institutional excellence Building an innovative organization Developing human resources Building teams and teamwork Delegation, motivation, and communication Reviewing performance and taking corrective steps when called for.

Spirituality at Amway Germany


The empirical basis of the paper is a case study of the Amway Corporation in Germany. Amway is a so-called direct-selling organization where legally independent distributors sell products such as nutritional supplements or cosmetics on a person-to person basis. As the members are self-employed, a formal authority structure is missing. Instead, distributors are controlled via a particular organizational identity and ideology. In the US, Amway has been categorized as a "quasi-religious corporation" because it offers its members its own world- view and a strong community of believers. In Germany, former members and consumer protectionists have criticized Amway as a cult-like organization that binds individuals via false promises to the organization. This article will analyze the promise of justice and its spiritual dimensions, namely that Amway is a strong community based on justice that offers a fair business opportunity for everyone and helps to create a better, i.e. fairer, society. The paper proceeds as follows: First, it gives an overview of organizational spirituality and the potential problems connected with it. Second, it provides background information on Amway and the empirical study. Third, it analyses Amway internally from two sides: a harmonious perspective on spirituality and a critical one. After that, it discusses how individual spirituality is

used and misused to "spiritualize" work tasks, organizational structures and organizational goals. The paper will conclude by outlining three dimensions in which organizational spirituality can be problematic. One strand of literature emphasizes that organizational spirituality is a possible method of creating employee commitment and motivation as well as enhancing productivity. According to this view, spirituality, profit-making, and individual fulfillment can go hand in hand with, or even support, each other. "When we can derive joy from our work, our work is no longer lifeless - it connects us with the very ground of our being, with life itself. The logic behind this perspective is that human beings have spiritual needs and therefore spirituality should be part of one's own work as well as a part of the workplace. Therefore, individual and organizational spirituality are not in conflict with each other but rather the latter is a "natural" outcome of the former. They work on the 7 principle of spirituality. The seven principles are:-

1. Contribution to Society
We will conduct ourselves at all times in accordance to the Basic Management Objective, faithfully fulfilling our responsibilities as industrialists to the communities to which we operate

2. Fairness and Honesty


We will be fair and honest in all our business dealings and personal conduct. No matter how talented and knowledgeable we may be, without personal integrity, we an neither earn the respect of others, nor enhance our own self- respect.

3. Cooperation and Team Spirit


We will pool our abilities to accomplish our shared goals. No matter how talented we are as individuals, without cooperation and team spirit we will be a company in name only.

4. Untiring Effort for Improvement


We will strive constantly o improve our ability to contribute to society through our business activities. Only though this untiring effort can we fulfill our Basic Management Objective and help to realize lasting peace and prosperity.

5. Courtesy and Humility


We will always be modest and coordinal, respecting the rights and needs of others in order to protect and strengthen healthy social relationships and improve the quality of life in our communities

6. Adaptability
We will continually adapt our thinking and behavior to meet t ever-changing conditions around us, taking care to act in harmony in nature to ensure progress and success in our endeavors.

7. Gratitude
We will act out the sense of gratitude for all the benefits we have received, confident that this attitude will be a source of unbound joy and vitality, enabling us to overcome any obstacles we encounter.

Benefits to the Organization


What would a more spiritual workplace mean for people? It would mean that work would move more merely being a place to get enough money to survivefrom just earning our daily bread to being a place of livelihood. By livelihood I mean a place where we both survive and are fully alive. We are alive in that our spirit fully expresses itself. And through our contribution, we allow other peoples spirits to be nourished and to flourish. Livelihood has, at its core, three meanings for work: survival (youre alive), enlivening of the individual Self (youre aliveness), and enlivening of the collective Self (their aliveness).

What are the benefits of a more spiritual workplace? One of the primary benefits is that people are more in touch with the Source of creativity. As business people realize the value of creativity and innovation. Creativity is a cornerstone of business. It allows us to come out with new products and services that really are of service. It allows us to do more with less. In essence, creativity leads to more efficient contribution.

As we move more into a service and technological economy, we want to continually expand innovation and creativity. But you cant demand that of people. Human capital has to be treated differently than Financial capital. You have to create an atmosphere in which creativity and innovation flourish; and that is accomplished through the bountiful expression of spirit. When we are more in touch with the Source of creativity, there is also renewal and resilience.

Another benefit is increased authenticity in communication. A lot of work I do as a consultant I create a safe space in which people feel permission to talk about their truth without fear of reprisal. Businesses arent accustomed of doing this as a matter of normal everyday practice. However, when the truth is allowed to be safely and respectfully spoken, old problems clear up, new possibilities emerge, and people feel more aligned. They work together in a trusting team.

Increased ethical and moral behavior is yet another benefit. But who cares if a company is ethical? Isnt business just a place where you see how much you get ahead? In a word, no. an important value of ethical behavior for a business is the development of trust. We trust people who operate in an ethical framework. Employees trust employers. Employers trust employees. And customers who trust a company stay customers longer. Spirituality in the workplace also promotes the expression of talent, brilliance, and genius talent in the sense of our divine gifts; brilliance in terms of out intellect and the intensity of the light we have to shine; and genius not as a scarce commodity, but as something that everyone has. Our true job is to connect with that genius. And moreover, spirituality in the workplace also leads to increased self- fulfillment, contentment and a deep sense of belonging. In most businesses today, spirit and spirituality are not the things that are talked about. The first thing that needs to happen is to make it safe and permissible to talk about it, as normally and as the naturally the many other conversations we have at work, such as; profitability, innovations and personnel issues.

We start this simply by beginning. Talk to those you trust. Talk to others in business, talk to tour colleagues, but begin to talk about it. There may be an initial fear, but after a while, the momentum mill is unstoppable. The benefits in brief are:y y y y y y y y y y Spirituality is related to well being Spirituality is related to individual motivation Spirituality is linked to task effectiveness Spirituality is a dimension of leadership Spirituality is related to organizational climate Spirituality at work will change the culture Spirituality at work will positively affect profitability through corporate values Spirituality will positively affect profitability through its effect on well-being Spirituality will positively impact the ability of the organization to acquire resources Spirituality at work will improve ethical conduct of organizations

The table below shows the more benefits of Spirituality at Work

Benefits the AMWAY receive


 Helps in achieving autonomy  Meritocracy based decisions are taken  Aggressiveness is sought In the business  Service to the customer  Hard work due to reduced stress  Continuous improvement due to reduction in burnouts  Solving problems  Excellence achieved  Expansionism  Being out in front  Innovation as the mind is free form stress  Integrity as each for all and all for each motto is followed  Respect is given to each and every person indifferent of his position in the company  Tolerance level increase so less fights  Quality and reliability increases  Forgiveness is inculcated in the way of living  Compassion  Mindfulness  Balance