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TIP 0404-26

ISSUED 1982 REVISED 1987 REVISED 1992 WITHDRAWN 2001 REVISED AND REINSTATED 2001 2001 TAPPI The information and data contained in this document were prepared by a technical committee of the Association. The committee and the Association assume no liability or responsibility in connection with the use of such information or data, including but not limited to any liability or responsibility under patent, copyright, or trade secret laws. The user is responsible for determining that this document is the most recent edition published.

Paper machine clothing performance analysis


Scope Paper machine clothing traditionally has been evaluated by days life and cost per ton indices. Achievement of maximum clothing life and minimum cost per ton often results in significant reductions in paper machine operating performance. Sacrifices in machine performance to reduce clothing costs can reduce total mill profitability significantly. Alternate clothing evaluation techniques based on impact on paper machine performance have been developed. These techniques relate key operating parameters to the clothing run. Two techniques which have proven useful over a broad spectrum of machines are described. The techniques are most beneficial when clothing performance is monitored over several months or years. Safety precautions

. No specific safety requirements apply to this TIP. Mill safety requirements should be followed when installing monitoring devices or collecting information relative to press section clothing.
Content
NOTE 1: See Table 1 for SI metric conversion factors.

Table 1. Quantity Length Mass

Conversion factors for Sl units Customary units feet (ft) ounces (oz) pounds (lb) tons (=2000 lb) Multiply by 0.3048 28.3495 0.45359 0.90718 To obtain meters (m) grams (g) kilograms (kg) tonne (metric ton) (t)

Significance The techniques described can be used to effectively manage paper machine clothing to optimize total paper machine economics. Clothing cost is relatively small when compared to the profits generated by added production. Good clothing management can improve mill profits by thousands of dollars per year.

TIP Category Automatically Periodically Reviewed (Ten-year review) TAPPI

TIP 0404-26

Paper machine clothing performance analysis / 4

Table 2. Machine

Daily data sheet. Mill Production tons/day 256 255 226 278 266 245 256 186 110 247 257 217 255 245 149 116 226 225 279 251 261 270 257 108 119 266 265 260 258 243 Steam use, 1000 lb/day 1128 1080 1032 1236 1224 1120 1296 1104 1148 1128 1209 1032 1296 1104 1080 844 1132 1080 1224 1224 1080 1132 1128 800 648 1200 1132 1132 1080 1032 Machine speed, ft/min 2500 2490 2510 2580 2570 2370 2480 2470 2540 2390 2490 2400 2470 2490 2180 2260 2450 2450 2570 2440 2510 2500 2500 2100 2100 2470 2580 2510 2500 2360 Location Press moisture 59.0 59.2 59.3 59.3 59.0 59.5 59.7 59.4 59.6 59.8 59.5 58.9 58.8 59.2 59.2 59.5 59.7 59.4 59.8 60.1 59.2 58.7 58.9 58.9 59.2 59.3 59.5 59.4 59.7 59.8 Wet-end breaks 2 3 0 4 2 3 5 4 2 6 1 3 4 2 3 0 2 4 3 1 5 4 2 2 8 4 3 4 5 3

Date 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30

TIP 0404-26

Paper machine clothing performance analysis / 10

Table 7.

Before/after difference work sheet Steam. lb/ paper, lb 2.49 (+0.02) 2.51 (0.02)(0.23) 2.28 (+0.23) Press moisture 59.3 (+0.1) 59.4(0.1)(0.1) 59.3(+0.1) Wet end breaks 2.8 () 2.8 () (+1) 3.8 (1)

Production Pickup Felts A Felt B Felt C Felt Summary A Felt B Felt C Felt 231 (+9) 222 (9)(10) 232 (+10)

Speed 2501 (+86) 2415 (86)(6) 2421 (+6)

+9 9.5 +10

+0.02 0.125 +0.23

+86 46 +6

+0.1 0.1 +0.1

+0.5 1

Comments 1. Felt B appears inferior to Felts A and C in all regards except number of breaks per day. 2. Felt A appears best overall. 3. Data over a much longer period of time is needed to reach solid conclusion.

Keywords Paper machines, Clothing, Performance Additional information Effective date of issue: November 27, 2001. Working Group Members: Ernest Young Chairman, Hercules Incorporated Dick Reese, Georgia Pacific Corporation Tom Coulter, Voith Press Fabrics David White, Inst. of Paper Science & Technology