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Two cool brain teasers Surveying a Mensa site, i found some interesting brain teasers and i'm not

really into that but.. They took some effort on my part so perhaps you might find them equally stimulating.. Examine them in the attached images first before continuing on.. Okay, let's deal with the one i failed first! ;)

This one i left my mistake there so you can eliminate the first choice right away! ;) My mistake was in calculating the rate of page production per typist per minute. i miscalculated one page per minute. It's an easy mistake because if you divide the whole line of numbers by two, you get (wrongly): one typist can type one page in one minute. The error is dividing the time by two as well. That error forced me to choose the wrong answer :( which was on top (another tricky aspect). If we think about rate carefully, two typists can type two pages in two minutes implies one typist can type one page in two minutes. That's equivalent to half-a-page per minute. ^^ So! By thinking carefully about rate, i realized the correct answer is actually six: it takes six typists six minutes to type eighteen pages. Another way to verify is to consider how many pages each typist produces in six minutes: three. Eighteen divided by six is three; product / producers = individual product .. i only wish i could create a graphical demo for this.. :( ..i enjoyed the problem because i got it wrong.. one of thirty and i was drinking beer! ;) The next was interesting because it's a step-wise solvable problem you can attack systematically. Please examine the attached image..

The objective is to find the 'value' of each fruit so we can determine the value for the question-mark. We can do it! ;) [giggle] They sorta make it easy for us.. If the top line is indeed apples, that's a 'dead give-away': apples are worth seven each (four times seven is twenty-eight). So next line: two apples are worth fourteen which means bananas must be worth eight each (14+16=30). Movin' on! ;) Line three: yikes! We know from this line a cherry plus a grape-bunch must equal five (20-15=5). But we don't know which is which.. Hey, let's start using the info they gave us! :) Let's use the columns! :) Column four verifies we know apples and bananas are worth seven and eight (14+16=30). Column two verifies we know apples are worth seven and cherries+grapes=5 (14+5=19). Column three also verifies: 7+8+5=20. Still no help.. So we're at the stage we must start trying different possibilities.. ^^ What else can we do? (If we wanna solve the problem.) The question-mark must be equal to one of two possibilities: 22+3 or 22+2; 25 or 24. Twenty-four is not offered among the alternatives so.. We're left with only 25 which implies grapes are worth 3. Wow. What an ordeal! ;) But worth it! :) The reason both problems are 'worth it' is because they exercise the brain muscle! :) Very simple problems but when approached properly and patiently, shine like sun through clouds! :) Many many problems can be approached this way.. But, and here's a very important point, not all problems! Many of today's problems are dealing with exceedingly complex systems.. Those problems require the systems-reliability approach! :) ..Anytime we deal with complex systems, with interdependent subsystems, or either individually, we must use the systems-reliability approach! :) This is worth 'rehashing'.. Some time ago, i wrote about reductionism and its limitations.. Today, science seems bent on the perspective: reduction ad absurdeam/nauseam without regard to science, objectivity, or balance. ^^ We could learn a few things from the Chinks. (As anybody knows me, i'm not racist or otherwise.. i deliberately use that expression as a form of sarcasm about Western reductionism.) ^^ So reduce and flounder; sys and thrive! ;)