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The Director of Central Intelligence

Wuhiryron, D.C, 20j05

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ooo1o0o1o01g-'t M

National Intelligence Council

N IC 01705-84

14 March l9B4

I'IEI4ORANDUM FOR:

FROM:

Director of Central Intelligence

Deputy Director of centr^al

chairman, National Intelligence

Intelligence

counc.i I

He rbe rt

E .

Meye r

Vice Chairman, National Intelligence Council

SU tsJ ECT :

Abo nt i ons i n the Sovi et

B l oc: what They Mean

I

.

Romani a 's Ni col ai ceausescu J ast week

742,000 recorded pregnancies in

speech that of

This

works out to an official abortion rate of

that solne pregnanci es went unrecorded that were percentage must be higher.

reported in

a wide'ly publicized

1983, 4?a,000 u,ere aborted.

57%. S'i nce it

is inevitable

I ater aborted, the real

or companable figures on the

h9 as you know is the Hest's

Soviet Unior, I checked with

leading soviet-b'loc

demographer. -

stimates that the abortion rate for the ussR as a who'li ii beiween

comprise g0% of the soviet

60% and 70%. Anrong slavs and Balts, wfo

population, the abortion

rate is 75% to B0%.'

According

of 400

to a Soviet medica1

journal pubtished in

July lgg3, a survey

iad at-least oni

unaergone between

women in Russia's Tambov

oblast--women who had

had each

induced abortion--showed that these women

one and 28 abortions, with s% of the women undergoing 1l-or more

abort i ons.

3. In the United States, the abortion rate is 30%.

4. I don't think we can attribute

these staggering

Sov'iet-bloc abortion

rates.entirely to.the low quality of available birth-control products and to

decis'ions by sensible, practical parents to limit the size of their families

simply because their apartments 'lack. sufficient floor space for comfort.

Rather, I believe that

we should view these abortion

rates,

at least partly,

the future that

as an indication of the average couple's judgment on life in communist

societies.

is

Indeed, these abortion rates reflect a vision of

bleak and despairing aimost to the point of nationa'l suicide.

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5. The above

forthcoming NIE on

statistics and their implications

political

and economlc pressures

will be addressed in our

within the ussR.

6. since these

statistics all are

public, you

may wish to make them

available to policymakers

for use in their

own public statenents.

cc:

N I 0/USSR- EE

A/NI0/USSR-EE

Nrc/AG

STAT

,

STAT

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