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Abstract

The goal is to establish proper pulsation of the drill system of the drilling rig with diesel-hydraulic actuators and disturbing variation when the time determined by the average engine torque developed by the action during operations to extract the useful load.

Determination of mathematical equations for determining proper pulsation operating system is done by writing equations of motion. Elastic-dynamic scheme of calculation is shown in fig. 1. The system of equations of motion of the operating system used to establish their proper pulsation is:

I1 1 c1 2( 2 1 ) = 0

I 2 2 c2 3( 3 2 ) + c1 2( 2 1 ) = 0 I 3 3 c3 4( 4 3 ) + c2 3( 3 2 ) = 0 I 4 4 c4 5( 5 4 ) + c3 4( 4 3 ) = 0

(1)

I 5 5 + c4 5( 5 4 ) = 0

M1 I r1

1 c12

2

Ir 2

c23

3

Ir 3

c34

4

Ir 4

c45

5

Ir 5

Garnitura de foraj

where: I i are the moments of inertia of the elements in moving the tree i =1,2,3,4 the tree reduced drum for manoeuver; I i - moment of inertia of the masses in the circle moving between hook and tree drum for manoeuver; c12 - elastic constant elements of the first tree ( "contribute" to the first speed) reduce to the speed to the tree drum for manoeuver. Similar constants are determined c 23 (the tree 2) and c34 (the tree 3); constant c 45 is the constant branch of the cable assets for manoeuver. Power flow diagram of the drill system (Fig. 2) is the basis for determining their moments of inertia and reduced the elements are in motion on the coupling considered, also will determine the values and reduced elastic constants ([1], [2 ]). System (1) is resolved as a system of equations for free vibration, with solutions form i = ai sin ( p t + ) . From the condition that the system of equations to be uniform to determine the proper pulsation. After replacing these system solutions (1), to obtain:

I1 p 2 a1 c1 2a2 + c1 2a1 = 0 2 I 2 p a2 + c1 2a2 c1 2a1 c2 3a3 + c2 3a2 = 0 2 I 3 p a3 + c2 3a3 c2 3a2 c3 4a4 + c3 4a3 = 0 I 4 p 2 a4 + c3 4a4 c3 4a3 c4 5a5 + c4 5a4 = 0 I 5 p 2 a5 + c4 5a5 c4 5a4 = 0

It put the condition that system (2) to be homogeneous:

(2)

(3)

Spre SC CB 600 x125 Motor 2C10 a. cd 2 CH 750 Grup de foraj GF 820 Bb CB 600 x125 Motor a. cd 1 CH 750 CD 2 750 2C10

(1) ( 2)

i11

CB 500 x125

( 3)

i31 i32

( 5)

LC

FH

( 4)

CD 2 780

TM

CD 2 750

C 43

Spre SR

The most important disturbance (perturbation) acting on the drill system is produced by the (system) which claims to feature depends on the vibrator regime (the action is hydraulic with diesel engine, fig. 3). Perturbation couple is determined by average time engine torque developed by the action during operations to extract the payload. This perturbation couple will be reduced to tree of the drum for manoeuver. Feature diesel engine should be correlated with characteristic hydraulic torque converter. The operation to be covered is the regime tasks maximum rated power Pn (corresponding system tasks continue maximum), which contains the minimum field strength Pm (corresponding system of partial tasks maximum) - the maximum power PM (corresponding system tasks

Mk h k 1 2

M CHC

m

TI

Mtk tk

Fig. 3. The action term hydraulic. M diesel engine; CHC - hydraulic torque converter, TI intermediate transmission.

intermittent maximum) and feature tuned M tk (tk ) for a degree injection constant (maximum) ([4]). In fig. 4 is presented to the functioning of the couple pf diesel-hydraulic torque converter (it should be in the best area of the engine and the actual minimum specific consumption, to ensure a high efficiency).

Mk

PM

M k (k )

Pn Pm M 1 (1 )CHC

ce (k )

M tk (tk )

From the experimental determination has been established that when disturbing M 1 is dependent

' on the size hydraulic torque converter and speed are appropriate timing of the secondary M 2 ([5]) on the first tree reduced engine drum for manoeuver (it is considered that the other engine idle).

' M1 = M 2 ' 2

M = KM2 n D where, for CHC750, D = 0,750 m. For the drill system is examined is the angular speed tree ' engine, the angular speed the tree drum first step of speed and n1 speed to the primary of the 1 hydraulic torque converter. The K M 2 coefficient depends on the rate of transmission of hydraulic torque converter. Fig.5 obtained from the experimental [5], depending on the speeds of primary and secondary hydraulic torque converter x is K M 2 established ([5]).

5

( )

(4)

' 2 1

Proper pulsation is determined using a program developed by the authors in Matlab language. The three own vibration modes are determined by three pulsations of oscillations own: p1 = 2161 .5 s 1 , p 2 = 868 .8 s 1 i p3 = 631 .6 s 1 . Perturbation couple is determined use the Simulink package to the Matlab program. The scheme is carried out simulation shown in Fig. 6, and the result is a simulation in Fig. 7.

KM 2

KM 2

0,07 5 0,0 5 0,02 5 0 0,0 5 0,10 0, 2 0 0,3 0

0,4 0

0,5 0

0,6 0

0,70

0,8 0

0,9 0 0,8 3

x

Fig.5. The K M 2 coefficient.

4. Conclusions:

The Simulink of Matlab program is one of the most used programs in engineering simulations for dynamic processes. Models are studied systems that can build or develop knowledge of mathematical model that describes them. Also, the simulation system of equations that describe the existing mathematical models can be for any period of simulation and dynamic response or variations may be obtained for any length of simulation, and this alternative analysis provides a tool very easy managed. Dynamic responses obtained were compared with experimental data from paper [5], and concluded that break is that the results are similar, which makes us recommend using this type of analysis.

References:

1. P o p o v i c i , A l . , N i c o l a s G . C . , E n e C . D . equipment for drilling oil, Publishing University of Ploiesti, 2005. The calculation and construction

Fig. 7. The variation of the perturbation couple. 2. N i c u l a e G . C . Processing and analysis of data on the reliability of the operating system. Proceeding III of the doctoral thesis, in June 2004. 3. M . G h i n e a , e t c . Matlab - Computer Graphics ~ numeric applications. Bucharest: Teora, in 1997.

4. C a l o t N . Operation in scaffolding oil. Technical Publishing House, Bucharest, 1987. 5. V l a d , I . , e t c . Experimental Investigation of the dynamic behavior of the installations of the type 4 DH - 315, Part II - has, IPG Ploiesti, 1970.

Rezumat

Scopul lucrrii este stabilirea pulsaiilor proprii ale sistemului de manevr al instalaiilor de foraj cu acionare diesel-hidraulic i a variaiei momentului perturbator determinat de momentul cuplului motor mediu dezvoltat de sistemul de acionare n perioada operaiilor de extragere a sarcinii utile.

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