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# ELECTRONS & PHOTONS

1.The presently accepted value of e/m is a) 9.1 x 1011 kg c) 3.372X10-4 wb/m2 b)1.76X1011 c/kg d)1.74x109 c/kg

2.In J.J thomson's experiment , it consists of discharge tube, containing gas at extremely low pressure of about ........of hg a)102 mm c)10-3 mm b)103 mm d)10-2 mm

## c)electromagnetic waves d)all the above

5)A cathode rays tube is operated at 885 volt, the speed of the electrons is a) 3.54x107 m/s c)1.77x106 m/s b)3.54x106 m/s d)1.77x107 m/s

6)An oil drop in millikan's experiment has a a)of single proton b)of single photon c) integral multiple of electrons d)integral multiple of proton

7)the photoelectric effect proves that a)Light is transverse in nature b)velocity of light is infinite c)light is in the form of quanta d)light is longitudinal in nature

8)the dimensions of planck's constant are a) { M1 L2 T -1} c) {M1L1T-2} dimensions b){M1L2t-1} d)being a constant it has no

9)if V1 & V2 represents the stopping potentials for the two different light sources, then the difference between their wave numbers is a) (v1-v2)/hc c) e(v1-v2)/hc b) h(v1-v2) d)e(v1-v2)

10) einstein's photoelectric equations states that 1/2mv2 =hv-hv0 in this equations v refers to a) velocity of all ejected electrons b) mean velocity of emitted electrons c) minimum velocity of emitted electrons d) maximum velocity of emitted electrons

11) In Bainbridge mass spectrograph, an electric field of 104 Vm-1 is applied in order to obtain ions of velocity 2 x 103 ms-1. the value of normal magnetic field required to be applied will be a) 5 T c) 2 x107 T b) 20 T d)5 x 10-8 T

12) work function a) is same for all metals b) is different for different metals c) depends on the frequency of incident light d) depends on wavelength of incideny light

13) An electron & a proton are accelerated through a potential V. If pe & pp were their momenta, then pp/pe is approximately equal to a) 21 b) 43

c) 55

d) 81

## 14) At stopping potential a) K.E. = 0 c) K.E. = P.E. b) P.E. = 0 d) K.E. = maximum

15) In photoelectric cells the cathode is a) a plane plate b) Long straight wire

c) semicylindrical d) sphericals

16) In photoelectric effect, there is a) no time loss between irradiation of metals plate & emission of electrons b) time loss between irradiation of metal plate & emission of electrons c) loss of energy of incident photons d) collision between photons

17) Two ons of same charge & kinetic energy but haing different masses m1 & m2 are projected into the same magnetic field. If r1 & r2 be the radii of the circular paths followed by the ions, then r1/r2 = a) m1/m2 c) [m1/m2]1/2 b) m2/m1 d) [m2/m1]1/2

18) the momentum of a photon of an electromagnetic radiation is 3.3 x 10-29 kg ms-1. what is the frequency of the associated waves?

## b) 7.5 x 1012 Hz d) 3.0 x 103 Hz

19) If h is planck's constant, then momentum of a photon of wavelength 0.01 A is a) h x 10-12 c) h x 102 b) h d) h x 1012

20) 1020 photons of wavelength 660 nm emitted per second from a lamp. what is the wattage of the lamp? a) 30 W c) 100 W b) 60 W d) 500 W

21) If wavelength of incident light is made double. then a) stopping potential decreases b) stopping potential increases c) photoelectric emission will take place d) maximum kinetic energy of electrons remains constant

## 22) A photon in motion has a mass a) h/v c) c/hv b) hv/c2 d) hv

23) a charged particle is projected in a chamber with velocity `v'. It moves undeflected. what can be definitely said about the field ? a) only E present. b) only B present. c) Both E & B present. d) None of these.

24) The stopping potential of a given photoelectric device is depended on a) intensity b) Frequency c) velocity of photon d) work function

25) when temperature of a metal icreases, a) K.E. of the electrons increases b) K.E. of the electrons decreases c) All the electrons are ejected from the atom

## d) All the atoms are ionised

26) Dimension's of planck's constant are same as the dimensions of the product of a) Force & time b) Force, displacement & time. c) Force & velocity d) Force & displacement

27) The idea of quantum nature of light has emerged to explain: a) Radioactivity b) Thermionic emission c) Interference of light d) Thermal radiations of a black body

28) In an experiment a beam of electrons passes through crossed electric & magnetic fields E= 7.2 x 106 Nc-1 & B=2.4 T. If the beam goes undeviated, what is velocity of electron? a) 17.3 x 107 m/s c) 3.0 x 106 m/s b) 2.0 x 106 m/s d) 6.0 x 106 m/s

## a) 3.2 x 10-19 eV c) 3.2 x 10-19 J

b) 3.2 eV d) 3.2 J

30) An electron moving with velocity 5.2 x 106 m/s is subjected to a magnetic field 1.3 x 10-4 T normal to the beam velocity. the radius of the circle traced by the beam is: a) 2.273 x 10-5 m c) 2.273 x 10-6 m b) 22.213 x 103 m d) 22.75 x 10-2 m

31) If a speed of electron is 5 x 105 m/s. How long does it take to traverse 1 m: a) 1 x 106 s c) 2 x 10-6 s b) 2 x 105 s d) 1 x 105 s

32) The wavelength associated with a gold ball weighing 200 g & moving at a speed of 5 m/hr is of the order of (h=6.626 x 10-34 Js) a)10-10 m c) 10-20 m b) 10-30 m d) 10-40 m

33) A radio transmitter radiates 1 Kw power at a wavelength 198.6 m. How many photons does it emit per second ? a) 1010 c) 1020 b) 1030 d) 1040

## 34) The image of the sun is formed on the photosensitive

metal with a convex lens & the photoelectric current is I. If the lens is replaced by another similar lens of half the diameter & double the focal length , then photoelectric current will be: a) I c) I/4 b) I/8 d) I/16

35) A proton moving with a velocity 3 x 105 ms-1 tesla at an angle of 300 with the field. the radius of curvature of it's path will be (e/m for proton =108 C/kg) a) 0.02 cm c) 0.5 cm b) 2 cm d) 1.25 cm

36) Cathode rays are similar to visible light rays in that: a) They both can be deflected by electric & magnetic fields b) They both have a definite magnitude of wavelength c) they both can ionise a gas through which they pass d) They both can affect photographic plate.

37) In photoelectric effect experiment, the stopping potential for incident light of wavelength 4000 A is 2 volt. If the wavelength is changed to 3000 A, the stopping potential is a) 2 volt b) More than 2 volt d) zero volt

## c) Less than 2 volt

38) In a cathode ray discharge tube, the pressure is of the order of:

## b) 10-4 cm of mercury d) 10-3 cm of mercury

39) The photoelectric effect was discovered by: a) Hertz c) Einstein b) lanyard d) hallwach

40) An electron moves with constant velocity parallel to the direction of uniform magnetic field B.The force experienced by the electron is: a) evB c) ev/B b) eB d) Zero

41) Which of the following makes use of photoelectric effect? a) Television receiver c) Cathode ray oscillope b) Television camera d) Radar

42) The photoelectrons emitted from a metal surface are such that their energy: a) Is equal to zero b) Is same for all the electrons c) Varies from zero to infinity d) varies from zero to finite maximum value

43) In photoelectric effect, the photoelectric current: a) Increases when frequency of incident photons increases b) Decreases when frequency of incident photons increases c) Does not depend on photon frequency, but only on the intensity of the incident beam of photons d) Depends both on intensity & frequency of beam of photons

44) Number of ejected photoelectrons increases with increase in: a) Intensity of light c) Wavelength of light difference b) Frequency of light d) Potential

45) An electron behaves as a: a) particle c) Wave b) Neither (a) or (b) d) Both (a) & (b)

46) The momentum of a photons of wavelength 0.01 A0 is: a) 6.6 x 10-34 kg-m/s c) 6.6 x 10-33 kg-m/s b) 6.6 x 10-32 kg-m/s d) 6.6 x 10-22 kg-m/s

## 47) If we consider electrons & photons of same wavelength,

then they will have same: a) Energy c) Velocity b) Momentum d) Angular momentum

48) Which of the following property is not possessed by a photon ? a) Rest mass c) Energy b) Momentum d) Frequency

49) The nature of path of an electron, when it moves in a transverse electric field is: a) Hyperbola c) Ellipse b) Parabola d) Circle

50) An electron beam moving along +y direction is subjected to magnetic field along +x direction to cause deflection. In order to restore beam to original path, an electric field must be applied simultaneously along: a) +x direction c) -y direction b) +z direction d) -z direction

HINTS TO M.C.Q.
1 (b) 2 (d) 3 (a) 4 (d) 5 (d) 6 (c) 7 (c) 8 (a) 9 (c) 10 (d) 11 (a) 12 (b) 13 (b) 14 (c) 15 (c) 16 (a) 17 ( c) 18 (a) 19 (d) 20 (a) 21 (a) 22 (b) 23 (c) 24 (b) 25 (a) 26 (b) 27 (d) 28 (c) 29 (b) 30 (d) 31 (c) 32 (b) 33 (b) 34 (d) 35 (c) 36 (d) 37 (b) 38 (d) 39 (a) 40 (d) 41 (b) 42 (d) 43 (c) 44 (a) 45 (d) 46 (d) 47 (b) 48 (a) 49 (b) 50 (d)

SOLUTIONS
11) v=E/B OR B= E/V = 104/2 x 103 = 5 T

29)

## K.E. =Vbe = 3.2 x 1.6 x 10-19 J

= 3.2 eV 30) e/m = v/rB ; r=v/B.e x m =5.2 x 106 x 9.1 x 10-31/1.3 x 10-4 x 1.6 x 10-19 =5.2 x 9.1/1.3 x 1.6 x 10-2 =22.75 x 10-2 m 31) Time= Distance / speed = 1 (5 x 105) = 2 x 10-6 s 32) /l = h/mv = 6.626 x 10-34 x 60 x 60/ (200 x 10-3) x 5 = 2.36 x 10-30 m 33) Energy of photon, E=h/mv =6.62 x 10-34 x 3 x 108/198.6 = 10-27 no. of photon emitted per sec. = 103/ 10-27 = 1030

35) component of velocity of proton perpendicular to the magnetic field, v1 = vsin 300 = 3 x 105x1.5x105 m/s B= 0.3 T; As BeV1= mv12/r OR