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M.

Vable

Mechanics of Materials: Chapter 7

Deflection of Symmetric Beams

Learning objective Learn to formulate and solve the boundary-value problem for the deflection of a beam at any point.

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M. Vable

Mechanics of Materials: Chapter 7

Second-Order Boundary Value Problem


v

The deflected curve represented by v(x) is called the Elastic Curve. Differential equation: M z = EI zz d v
2 2

dx The mathematical statement listing all the differential equations and all the conditions necessary for solving for v(x) is called the Boundary Value Problem for the beam deflection. Boundary Conditions

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v ( xA ) = 0 dv (x ) = 0 dx A

v ( xA ) = 0

dv (x ) = 0 dx A

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M. Vable

Mechanics of Materials: Chapter 7

C7.1 In terms of w, P, L, E, and I determine (a) equation of the elastic curve. (b) the deflection of the beam at point A.
y

x L

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M. Vable

Mechanics of Materials: Chapter 7

Class Problem 1
Write the boundary value problem to determine the elastic curve.
y PL x L/2 A L/2

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M. Vable

Mechanics of Materials: Chapter 7

Continuity Conditions
The internal moment Mz will change with change in applied loading. Each change in Mz represents a new differential equation, hence new integration constants.
v(x) Broken beam. v2(x)
Discontinuous Displacement

Kinked beam. v(x)


Discontinuous Slope

v1(x)

v2(x) v1(x) xj x

x xj

v1 ( xj ) = v2 ( xj ) (x ) dx dx j continuity conditions, also known as compatibility conditions or matching conditions. dv 1 ( xj ) = dv 2

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M. Vable

Mechanics of Materials: Chapter 7

C7.2 In terms of w, L, E, and I, determine (a) the equation of the elastic curve. (b) the deflection at x = L.

Fig. C1.2

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M. Vable

Mechanics of Materials: Chapter 7

Class Problem 2
C7.3 Write the boundary value problem for determining the deflection of the beam at any point x. Assume EI is constant. Do not integrate or solve.

The internal moments are: wx In AB: M 1 = --------2


2 2

wLx wL In BC: M 2 = --------- + --------6 3

7wLx 14wL In CD: M 3 = ------------- ---------------3 6

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M. Vable

Mechanics of Materials: Chapter 7

Class Problem 3
v1 and v2 represents the deflection in segment AB and BC. For the beams shown, identify all the conditions from the table needed to solve for the deflection v(x) at any point on the beam.
(a) v 1 ( 0 ) = 0 (b) v 1 ( L ) = 0 (c) v 2 ( L ) = 0 (d) v 1 ( 2L ) = 0 (e) v 2 ( 2L ) = 0 (f) v 2 ( 3L ) = 0 (g) (h) dv 1 (0) = 0 dx dv 2 ( 3L ) = 0 dx (i) v 1 ( L ) = v 2 ( L ) (j) v 1 ( 2L ) = v 2 ( 2L ) (k) (l) dv 1 dv 2 (L) = (L) dx dx dv 1 dv 2 ( 2L ) = ( 2L ) dx dx

Beam 1

2L w

Beam 2

L
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2L w

Beam 3

2L

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