You are on page 1of 8

# M.

Vable

## Deflection of Symmetric Beams

Learning objective Learn to formulate and solve the boundary-value problem for the deflection of a beam at any point.

7-1

M. Vable

## Second-Order Boundary Value Problem

v

The deflected curve represented by v(x) is called the Elastic Curve. Differential equation: M z = EI zz d v
2 2

dx The mathematical statement listing all the differential equations and all the conditions necessary for solving for v(x) is called the Boundary Value Problem for the beam deflection. Boundary Conditions

v ( xA ) = 0 dv (x ) = 0 dx A

v ( xA ) = 0

dv (x ) = 0 dx A

7-2

M. Vable

## Mechanics of Materials: Chapter 7

C7.1 In terms of w, P, L, E, and I determine (a) equation of the elastic curve. (b) the deflection of the beam at point A.
y

x L

7-3

M. Vable

## Mechanics of Materials: Chapter 7

Class Problem 1
Write the boundary value problem to determine the elastic curve.
y PL x L/2 A L/2

7-4

M. Vable

## Mechanics of Materials: Chapter 7

Continuity Conditions
The internal moment Mz will change with change in applied loading. Each change in Mz represents a new differential equation, hence new integration constants.
v(x) Broken beam. v2(x)
Discontinuous Displacement

## Kinked beam. v(x)

Discontinuous Slope

v1(x)

v2(x) v1(x) xj x

x xj

7-5

M. Vable

## Mechanics of Materials: Chapter 7

C7.2 In terms of w, L, E, and I, determine (a) the equation of the elastic curve. (b) the deflection at x = L.

Fig. C1.2

7-6

M. Vable

## Mechanics of Materials: Chapter 7

Class Problem 2
C7.3 Write the boundary value problem for determining the deflection of the beam at any point x. Assume EI is constant. Do not integrate or solve.

2 2

7-7

M. Vable

## Mechanics of Materials: Chapter 7

Class Problem 3
v1 and v2 represents the deflection in segment AB and BC. For the beams shown, identify all the conditions from the table needed to solve for the deflection v(x) at any point on the beam.
(a) v 1 ( 0 ) = 0 (b) v 1 ( L ) = 0 (c) v 2 ( L ) = 0 (d) v 1 ( 2L ) = 0 (e) v 2 ( 2L ) = 0 (f) v 2 ( 3L ) = 0 (g) (h) dv 1 (0) = 0 dx dv 2 ( 3L ) = 0 dx (i) v 1 ( L ) = v 2 ( L ) (j) v 1 ( 2L ) = v 2 ( 2L ) (k) (l) dv 1 dv 2 (L) = (L) dx dx dv 1 dv 2 ( 2L ) = ( 2L ) dx dx

Beam 1

2L w

Beam 2

L