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Resistor Values E6 E12 E24 E48 E96 E192

Home Standard EIA Decade Resistor Values Table The Electronic Industries Association (EIA), and other authorities, specify standard values for resistors, sometimes referred to as the "preferred value" system. The preferred value system has its origins in the early years of the last century at a time when most resistors were carbon- graphite with relatively poor manufacturing tolerances. The rationale is simple - select values for components based on the tolerances with which they are able to be manufactured. Using 10% tolerance devices as an example, suppose that the first preferred value is 100 ohms. It makes little sense to produce a 105 ohm resistor since 105 ohms falls within the 10% tolerance range of the 100 ohm resistor. The next reasonable value is 120 ohms because the 100 ohm resistor with a 10% tolerance is expected to have a value somewhere between 90 and 110 ohms. The 120 ohm resistor has a value ranging between 110 and 130 ohms. Following this logic, the preferred values for 10% tolerance resistors between 100 and 1,000 ohms would be 100, 120, 150, 180, 220, 270, 330 and so on (rounded appropriately); this is the E12 series shown in the table below. The EIA "E" series specify the preferred values for various tolerances. The number following the "E" specifies the number of logarithmic steps per decade. The table below is normalized for the decade between 100 and 1,000. The values in any decade can be derived by merely dividing or multiplying the table entries by powers of 10. The series are as follows: E3 50% tolerance (no longer used) E6 20% tolerance (now seldom used) E12 10% tolerance E24 5% tolerance E48 2% tolerance E96 1% tolerance E192 0.5, 0.25, 0.1% and higher tolerances While the "E" preferred value lists are the best way to insure one is stocking the optimum number of values for a given tolerance, a word of caution is in order with respect to what is actually available in the marketplace and certain real world practices. For instance, the E48 list is often used as a stock list for 1% resistors for inventory control (48 values per decade rather than 96), but this practice leaves "holes" or gaps in one's stock not covered by tolerance overlap, an " id="pdf-obj-0-8" src="pdf-obj-0-8.jpg">

## Standard EIA Decade Resistor Values Table

The Electronic Industries Association (EIA), and other authorities, specify standard values for resistors, sometimes referred to as the "preferred value" system. The preferred value system has its origins in the early years of the last century at a time when most resistors were carbon- graphite with relatively poor manufacturing tolerances. The rationale is simple - select values for components based on the tolerances with which they are able to be manufactured. Using 10% tolerance devices as an example, suppose that the first preferred value is 100 ohms. It makes little sense to produce a 105 ohm resistor since 105 ohms falls within the 10% tolerance range of the 100 ohm resistor. The next reasonable value is 120 ohms because the 100 ohm resistor with a 10% tolerance is expected to have a value somewhere between 90 and 110 ohms. The 120 ohm resistor has a value ranging between 110 and 130 ohms. Following this logic, the preferred values for 10% tolerance resistors between 100 and 1,000 ohms would be 100, 120, 150, 180, 220, 270, 330 and so on (rounded appropriately); this is the E12 series shown in the table below.

The EIA "E" series specify the preferred values for various tolerances. The number following the "E" specifies the number of logarithmic steps per decade. The table below is normalized for the decade between 100 and 1,000. The values in any decade can be derived by merely dividing or multiplying the table entries by powers of 10. The series are as follows:

 E3 50% tolerance (no longer used) E6 20% tolerance (now seldom used) E12 10% tolerance E24 5% tolerance E48 2% tolerance E96 1% tolerance E192 0.5, 0.25, 0.1% and higher tolerances

While the "E" preferred value lists are the best way to insure one is stocking the optimum number of values for a given tolerance, a word of caution is in order with respect to what is actually available in the marketplace and certain real world practices. For instance, the E48 list is often used as a stock list for 1% resistors for inventory control (48 values per decade rather than 96), but this practice leaves "holes" or gaps in one's stock not covered by tolerance overlap, an

http://www.logwell.com/tech/components/resistor_values.html[08-12-2011 11:39:02]

Resistor Values E6 E12 E24 E48 E96 E192

 undesirable practice in a prototype lab (less of an issue to the digital designer than to an analog circuit designer). The use of the E48 list for inventory control of 1% resistors works out well because every value on the E48 list just happens to also appear on the E96 list; the holes are thus symmetrical and easily filled by acquisition of one of the other 48 values per decade being omitted from stock. However, this is not always the case as can be seen by comparing the E24 and E96 lists. Nevertheless, many manufacturers make every single value on the E24 list in 1% tolerance even though the practice makes little mathematical sense (think about the obvious tolerance overlap between the 120 and 121 values for instance). Stocking only the E24 series in 1% will result in less symmetrical holes in stock than the practice of stocking only the E48 series. In any event, one should be aware of these practices to avoid confusion. Standard EIA Decade Values Table (100 to 1,000 Decade) E6 E12 E24 E48 E96 E192 E6 E12 E24 E48 E96 E192 E6 E12 E24 E48 E96 E192 100 215 464 100 101 215 218 464 470 100 102 215 221 464 475 102 104 221 223 475 481 100 105 220 226 470 487 105 106 226 229 487 493 105 107 226 232 487 499 107 109 232 234 499 505 100 110 220 237 470 511 110 111 237 240 511 517 110 113 237 243 511 523 113 114 243 246 523 530 110 115 240 249 510 536 115 117 249 252 536 542 115 118 249 255 536 549 118 120 255 258 549 556 100 121 220 261 470 562 121 261 562

http://www.logwell.com/tech/components/resistor_values.html[08-12-2011 11:39:02]

Resistor Values E6 E12 E24 E48 E96 E192

 121 123 261 264 562 569 124 267 576 124 126 267 271 576 583 120 127 270 274 560 590 127 129 274 277 590 597 127 130 274 280 590 604 130 132 280 284 604 612 120 133 270 287 560 619 133 135 287 291 619 626 133 137 287 294 619 634 137 138 294 298 634 642 130 140 300 301 620 649 140 142 301 305 649 657 140 143 301 309 649 665 143 145 309 312 665 673 147 316 681 147 149 316 320 681 690 147 150 316 324 681 698 150 152 324 328 698 706 150 154 330 332 680 715 154 156 332 336 715 723 154 158 332 340 715 732 158 160 340 344 732 741 150 162 330 348 680 750 162 164 348 352 750 759 162 165 348 357 750 768 165 167 357 361 768 777 160 360 750

http://www.logwell.com/tech/components/resistor_values.html[08-12-2011 11:39:02]

Resistor Values E6 E12 E24 E48 E96 E192

 169 169 365 365 787 787 172 370 796 169 174 365 374 787 806 174 176 374 379 806 816 150 178 330 383 680 825 178 180 383 388 825 835 178 182 383 392 825 845 182 184 392 397 845 856 180 187 390 402 820 866 187 189 402 407 866 876 187 191 402 412 866 887 191 193 412 417 887 898 180 196 390 422 820 909 196 198 422 427 909 920 196 200 422 432 909 931 200 203 432 437 931 942 200 205 430 442 910 953 205 208 442 448 953 965 205 210 442 453 953 976 210 213 453 459 976 988 Also see our reference pages on Mil Spec Resistor Data and 1% Resistor Color Codes . 02-08-02 Last 10-20-10

http://www.logwell.com/tech/components/resistor_values.html[08-12-2011 11:39:02]