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Somsay THONKED (KGC 100018)

1

Question 6.34
From the question have:
Gear ratio r
g
= 1
Leadscrew pitch P = 2.5 theads/cm = 4 mm/pitch
Optical encoder generates n
s
= 100 pulses/rev
Rotation speed N = 800 rew/min
1
2.5
1u mm = 4 mmpitc
a) Control resolution of system CR
1
?
b) Frequency of pulse train emitted f
P
?
c) Travel speed of the table at maximum motor speed N
m
?
Answer
a) Find control resolution of system CR
1
from equation.

CR
1
=
P
n
s
r
g

CR
1
=
4
1uu 1
= u,u4
min
pulsc rcw


b) Fine frequency of pulse train emitted f
P

P
=

n
s
6uP

when

= I
t
= NP

= 8uu 4 = S2uu mmmin


So
p
=
3200100
604
= 1,SSS.SSS pulscsscc
c) Find travel speed of the table at maximum motor speed N
m


N
m
= r
g
N
N
m
= 1 8uu rc:min





Pitch
10 mm
Somsay THONKED (KGC 100018)

2

HOMEWORK
Part process programing of milling and drilling machine

Write a part of program to :
a.) Milling the outer profile (end mill 10 mm)
b.) Drilling the points (drill 5 mm)

Answer :

a.) Milling the outer profile (end mill 10 mm)
We are some assumptions to make the program completely:
- The part is 10 mm thick, so the bottom tip of the cutter will be
positioned 25 mm below the part top surface, which correspondens to
z=-25 mm,
- Cutter diameter data has been manually entered into offset register 05.
- At the beginning of the job, the cutter will be positioned so that its
center tip is at a target point located at x=0, y= -50.0, and z= +10.0
- Spindle speed = 1000rev/min
- Feed rate = 40 mm/min




Somsay THONKED (KGC 100018)

3

NC Part Program Code Comments
N001 G21 G90 G92 X0 Y-050.0 Z010.0; Define origin of axes
N002 G00 Z-025.0 S1000 M03; Rapid move to cutter depth, turn spindle on.
N003 G01 G94 G42 Y0 D05 F40; Engage part, start cutter offset
N004 G01 X200.0; Mill lower part edge
N005 G01 Y050.0; Mill right straight edge
N006 G01 X150.0; Mill upper straight edge
N007 G17 G02 X125.0 Y075.0 R025.0; Circular interpolation, clockwise
N008 G01 Y100.0; Mill upper part after circular shape
N009 G01 X025.0; Mill most upper straight part
N010 G01 X0 Y050.0; Mill left part edge
N011 G01 Y0; Mill left part straight
N012 G40 G00 X-40.0 M05; Rapid exit from part, cancel offset
N013 G00 X0 Y-050.0; Rapid move to target point
N014 M30; End of program, stop machine

b.) Drilling the points (drill 5 mm)
Assumptions :
- The part is 10 mm thick, for drilling the deep will be 15 mm which
correspondens to z=-15 mm
- Feed rate 0.05 mm/rev
- Diameter of drilling = 5 mm
- Spindle speed = 1000 rev/min
- At the beginning of the job, the drill will be positioned so that its center
tip is at a target point located at x=0, y= -50.0, and z= +10.0

NC Part Program Code Comments
N001 G21 G90 G92 X0 Y-050.0 Z010.0; Define origin of axes
N002 G00 X025.0 Y025.0; Rapid move to first hole location
N003 G01 G95 Z-15.0 F0.05 S1000
M03;
Drill first hole
N004 G01 Z010.0; Retract drill from hole
N005 G00 X050.0; Rapid move to second hole
Somsay THONKED (KGC 100018)

4

N006 G01 G95 Z-15.0 F0.05; Drill second hole
N007 G01 Z010.0; Retract drill from hole
N008 G00 Y075.0; Rapid move to third hole
N009 G01 G95 Z-15.0 F0.05; Drill third hole
N010 G01 Z010.0; Retract drill from hole
N011 G00 X075.0 Y050.0; Rapid move to 4th hole
N012 G01 G95 Z-15.0 F0.05; Drill the 4th hole
N013 G01 Z010.0; Retract drill from hole
N014 G00 X100.0 Y075.0; Rapid move to 5th hole
N015 G01 G95 Z-15.0 F0.05; Drill the 5th hole
N016 G01 Z010.0; Retract drill from hole
N017 G00 X175.0 Y025.0; Rapid move to 6th hole
N018 G01 G95 Z-15.0 F0.05; Drill the 6th hole
N019 G01 Z010.0; Retract drill from hole
N020 G00 X0 Y-050.0 M05; Rapid move to target point
N021 M30; End of program, stop machine