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Satellites and National, Economic, and Homeland Security David Cavossa, Executive Director, SIA S I A

Satellites and National, Economic, and Homeland Security

David Cavossa, Executive Director, SIA

S I A

M E M B E R

C O M P A N I E S

National, Economic, and Homeland Security David Cavossa, Executive Director, SIA S I A M E M
National, Economic, and Homeland Security David Cavossa, Executive Director, SIA S I A M E M
National, Economic, and Homeland Security David Cavossa, Executive Director, SIA S I A M E M
National, Economic, and Homeland Security David Cavossa, Executive Director, SIA S I A M E M
National, Economic, and Homeland Security David Cavossa, Executive Director, SIA S I A M E M
National, Economic, and Homeland Security David Cavossa, Executive Director, SIA S I A M E M
National, Economic, and Homeland Security David Cavossa, Executive Director, SIA S I A M E M
National, Economic, and Homeland Security David Cavossa, Executive Director, SIA S I A M E M
National, Economic, and Homeland Security David Cavossa, Executive Director, SIA S I A M E M
National, Economic, and Homeland Security David Cavossa, Executive Director, SIA S I A M E M
National, Economic, and Homeland Security David Cavossa, Executive Director, SIA S I A M E M
National, Economic, and Homeland Security David Cavossa, Executive Director, SIA S I A M E M
National, Economic, and Homeland Security David Cavossa, Executive Director, SIA S I A M E M
National, Economic, and Homeland Security David Cavossa, Executive Director, SIA S I A M E M
National, Economic, and Homeland Security David Cavossa, Executive Director, SIA S I A M E M
National, Economic, and Homeland Security David Cavossa, Executive Director, SIA S I A M E M
National, Economic, and Homeland Security David Cavossa, Executive Director, SIA S I A M E M
National, Economic, and Homeland Security David Cavossa, Executive Director, SIA S I A M E M
National, Economic, and Homeland Security David Cavossa, Executive Director, SIA S I A M E M
National, Economic, and Homeland Security David Cavossa, Executive Director, SIA S I A M E M
National, Economic, and Homeland Security David Cavossa, Executive Director, SIA S I A M E M
National, Economic, and Homeland Security David Cavossa, Executive Director, SIA S I A M E M
National, Economic, and Homeland Security David Cavossa, Executive Director, SIA S I A M E M
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National, Economic, and Homeland Security David Cavossa, Executive Director, SIA S I A M E M
National, Economic, and Homeland Security David Cavossa, Executive Director, SIA S I A M E M
National, Economic, and Homeland Security David Cavossa, Executive Director, SIA S I A M E M
Value of Satellite Systems • Satellite systems perform most effectively when: • interconnecting widely distributed

Value of Satellite Systems

• Satellite systems perform most effectively when:

• interconnecting widely distributed networks,

• providing broadcasting services over very wide areas such as a country, region, or entire hemisphere

• providing connectivity for the “last mile” in cases where fiber networks are simply not available for interactive services.

• providing mobile wideband and narrow band communications

• satellites are best and most reliable form of communications in

the case of natural disasters or terrorist attacks - fiber networks or even terrestrial wireless can be disrupted by tsunamis,

earthquakes, etc

i.e. satellites are instant infrastructure

Satellite Industry Overview Satellite Services •DBS/DARS •Fixed Satellite Services •Voice, Video, Data •VSATs

Satellite Industry Overview

Satellite Industry Overview Satellite Services •DBS/DARS •Fixed Satellite Services •Voice, Video, Data •VSATs

Satellite Services •DBS/DARS •Fixed Satellite Services •Voice, Video, Data •VSATs •Remote Sensing •Transponder Agreements •Mobile Satellite Services •Mobile Phone •Mobile Data

Satellite Manufacturing •Satellite Manufacturing •Component and Subsystem Manufacturing

Ground Equipment

• Mobile Terminals

• Gateways

• Control Stations

• VSATs

• DBS Dishes

• Handheld Phones

• DARS Equipment

Launch Industry •Launch Services •Vehicle Manufacturing •Component and Subsystem Manufacturing

3

World Satellite Industry Revenues $90 $80 $88.8 $82.7 $70 $74.3 $71.3 $60 $64.4 $64.2 $50

World Satellite Industry Revenues

$90 $80 $88.8 $82.7 $70 $74.3 $71.3 $60 $64.4 $64.2 $50 $40 $30 $20 $10
$90
$80
$88.8
$82.7
$70
$74.3
$71.3
$60
$64.4
$64.2
$50
$40
$30
$20
$10
$0
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
Revenue (in Billions)

World satellite industry revenues had average annual growth of 6.7% for the period 2000-2005

4

• • FSS FSS Industry Industry • • Geosynchronous Geosynchronous Spacecraft Spacecraft • • ~

FSSFSS IndustryIndustry

GeosynchronousGeosynchronous SpacecraftSpacecraft

~~22,00022,000 milesmiles inin orbitorbit

C,C, KuKu andand KaKa FrequenciesFrequencies TerrestrialTerrestrial InfrastructuresInfrastructures

TeleportsTeleports TT&CTT&C CentersCenters ServiceService PlatformsPlatforms FiberFiber InterconnectsInterconnects

DiverseDiverse marketmarket--basebase

MediaMedia DistributionDistribution TelecomTelecom InfrastructureInfrastructure EnterpriseEnterprise NetworksNetworks GovernmentGovernment NetworksNetworks && AppsApps

Fixed Satellite Services

Networks & & Apps Apps Fixed Satellite Services • ~ 250 operational commercial GEO satellites in
Networks & & Apps Apps Fixed Satellite Services • ~ 250 operational commercial GEO satellites in
Networks & & Apps Apps Fixed Satellite Services • ~ 250 operational commercial GEO satellites in
Networks & & Apps Apps Fixed Satellite Services • ~ 250 operational commercial GEO satellites in
Networks & & Apps Apps Fixed Satellite Services • ~ 250 operational commercial GEO satellites in
Networks & & Apps Apps Fixed Satellite Services • ~ 250 operational commercial GEO satellites in
Networks & & Apps Apps Fixed Satellite Services • ~ 250 operational commercial GEO satellites in

~ 250 operational commercial GEO satellites in use today

• 59 to be launched over next 3 years

Satellite Services • ~ 250 operational commercial GEO satellites in use today • 59 to be
Satellite Services • ~ 250 operational commercial GEO satellites in use today • 59 to be

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Mobile Satellite Industry • • • • Function Function like like terrestrial terrestrial wireless wireless

Mobile Satellite Industry

FunctionFunction likelike terrestrialterrestrial wirelesswireless systemsystem withwith ubiquitousubiquitous reachreach

UseUse aa mixmix ofof orbitorbit typestypes GeosynchronousGeosynchronous (GEO)(GEO) NonNon--geosynchronousgeosynchronous (LEO(LEO andand MEO)MEO) SystemSystem sizessizes rangerange fromfrom (1)(1) GEOGEO satellitesatellite toto (66)(66) LEOLEO SatellitesSatellites

satellite to to (66) (66) LEO LEO Satellites Satellites • • Use Use a a mix
satellite to to (66) (66) LEO LEO Satellites Satellites • • Use Use a a mix

UseUse aa mixmix ofof frequenciesfrequencies MostlyMostly LL--BandBand // SomeSome SS--Band,Band, UHF/VHFUHF/VHF FeederFeeder linkslinks andand somesome servicesservices useuse C,C, Ka,Ka, andand KuKu--BandBand ApplicationsApplications AeronauticalAeronautical MaritimeMaritime LandLand

Applications Applications • • Aeronautical Aeronautical • • Maritime Maritime • • Land Land • •
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Applications Applications • • Aeronautical Aeronautical • • Maritime Maritime • • Land Land • •
Applications Applications • • Aeronautical Aeronautical • • Maritime Maritime • • Land Land • •
Applications Applications • • Aeronautical Aeronautical • • Maritime Maritime • • Land Land • •
Applications Applications • • Aeronautical Aeronautical • • Maritime Maritime • • Land Land • •
World Satellite Services Revenue $60 DBS $50 MSS $41.3 FSS $35.8 $40 $28.8 $30 $25.5

World Satellite Services Revenue

$60 DBS $50 MSS $41.3 FSS $35.8 $40 $28.8 $30 $25.5 $22.0 $18.3 $20 $1.5
$60
DBS
$50
MSS
$41.3
FSS
$35.8
$40
$28.8
$30
$25.5
$22.0
$18.3
$20
$1.5
$10
$1.3
$1.3
$1.6
$1.8
$1.7
$9.1
$9.0
$8.8
$9.5
$9.3
$9.8
$0
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
Revenue (in Billions)
 

2000

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

 

FSS

$9.1

$9.0

$8.8

$9.5

$9.3

$9.8

FSS=VSAT services, remote sensing, and transponder agreements

DBS

$18.3

$22.0

$25.5

$28.8

$35.8

$41.3

DBS/DARS=DTH TV, DARS, and Broadband

MSS

$1.5

$1.3

$1.3

$1.6

$1.8

$1.7

MSS=Mobile telephone and mobile data

Total

$28.9

$32.3

$35.6

$39.8

$46.9

$52.8

 
Satellite Manufacturing Revenues $12 U.S. Revenue World Revenue $11.5 $10 $11.0 $10.2 $9.8 $9.5 $8

Satellite Manufacturing Revenues

$12 U.S. Revenue World Revenue $11.5 $10 $11.0 $10.2 $9.8 $9.5 $8 $7.8 $6 $6.0
$12
U.S. Revenue
World Revenue
$11.5
$10
$11.0
$10.2
$9.8
$9.5
$8
$7.8
$6
$6.0
$4
$4.6
$4.4
$3.8
$3.9
$2
$3.2
$0
U
2000
World Revenue
US Revenue
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
Revenue (in Billions)

N.B. – Satellite Manufacturing revenues are recorded in the year the satellite is delivered/launched, not when contract is awarded. World revenue includes the US revenue

Launch Industry Revenues $6 U.S. Revenue World Revenue $5 $5.3 $4 $3.7 $3 $3.2 $3.0

Launch Industry Revenues

$6 U.S. Revenue World Revenue $5 $5.3 $4 $3.7 $3 $3.2 $3.0 $3.0 $2.8 $2.7
$6
U.S. Revenue
World Revenue
$5
$5.3
$4
$3.7
$3
$3.2
$3.0
$3.0
$2.8
$2.7
$2
$2.1
$1
$1.5
$1.5
$1.1
$1.0
$0
World Revenue
US Revenue
U
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
Revenue (in Billions)

N.B. - Launch Industry revenues are recorded in the year the launch occurs, not when contract is awarded.

Satellite Industry Trends • After a few difficult years, the satellite industry has begun to

Satellite Industry Trends

After a few difficult years, the satellite industry has begun to rebound.

– New technologies are being funded

– New applications are driving services demand

– New markets are opening worldwide as regulations change

The key factors are:

– Consumer demand – especially video

– Government demand and investment in technology

– Financial market interest and investment in both existing and new businesses

– Consolidation and rationalization of capacity

These factors flow through the industry as new user solutions drive demand for more innovative satellites.

Critical To The Economy Pump Gas   Eat Out Watch TV Shop Transact Financially Stay

Critical To The Economy

Pump Gas

Pump

Gas

Pump Gas
Pump Gas
Pump Gas
Pump Gas
Pump Gas
Pump Gas
Pump Gas   Eat Out
Pump Gas   Eat Out
Pump Gas   Eat Out
Pump Gas   Eat Out
  Eat Out
  Eat Out
 

EatOut

OutEat

  Eat Out
  Eat Out
Critical To The Economy Pump Gas   Eat Out Watch TV Shop Transact Financially Stay at

Watch

TV

To The Economy Pump Gas   Eat Out Watch TV Shop Transact Financially Stay at Hotels
To The Economy Pump Gas   Eat Out Watch TV Shop Transact Financially Stay at Hotels
Shop

Shop

Shop
Transact Financially

Transact

Financially

Transact Financially
Transact Financially
Transact Financially
Stay at Hotels

Stay at

Hotels

Stay at Hotels
Stay at Hotels
Pump Gas   Eat Out Watch TV Shop Transact Financially Stay at Hotels Buy & Service

Buy & Service Automobile

Pump Gas   Eat Out Watch TV Shop Transact Financially Stay at Hotels Buy & Service
Pump Gas   Eat Out Watch TV Shop Transact Financially Stay at Hotels Buy & Service
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11
Bureau of Indian Affairs Centers for Disease Control Environmental Protection Agency Federal Aviation Administration

Bureau of Indian Affairs Centers for Disease Control Environmental Protection Agency Federal Aviation Administration Federal Bureau of Investigation Fish and Wildlife Service Food and Drug Administration General Services Administration Internal Revenue Service National Institutes of Health National Park Service National Weather Service* Nuclear Regulatory Commission Transportation Security Agency Social Security Administration White House

Critical to Homeland Security

Administration White House Critical to Homeland Security 12 U.S. Senate U.S. Navy U.S. Army U.S. Air

12

U.S. Senate U.S. Navy U.S. Army U.S. Air Force U.S. Coast Guard U.S. Marine Corps U.S. Forest Service U.S. Customs Service U.S. Geological Survey Department of Commerce Department of Agriculture Department of Justice Department of State Department of Homeland Security Department of the Treasury Department of Veterans Affairs Agency for International Development

Satellite Industry Response to Katrina 13

Satellite Industry Response to Katrina

Satellite Industry Response to Katrina 13
14
14

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15
15
15
16
16
16
17
17
17
18
18
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Critical To National Security “Network Centric Warfare” Deployed Forces Commercial Satellite Services 800 3500

Critical To National Security “Network Centric Warfare”

Deployed Forces Commercial Satellite Services 800 3500 700 3000 542K 600 2500 F 500 O
Deployed Forces
Commercial Satellite Services
800
3500
700
3000
542K
600
2500
F
500
O
M
2000
R
B
400
C
P
1500
E
S
300
S
132K
1000
54K
200
51K
500
100
0
0
3,200 736 250 99 IRAQI FREEDOM (2003) 80%
3,200
736
250
99
IRAQI FREEDOM
(2003)
80%
100 0 0 3,200 736 250 99 IRAQI FREEDOM (2003) 80% DESERT STORM KOSOVO ENDURING FREEDOM
100 0 0 3,200 736 250 99 IRAQI FREEDOM (2003) 80% DESERT STORM KOSOVO ENDURING FREEDOM
100 0 0 3,200 736 250 99 IRAQI FREEDOM (2003) 80% DESERT STORM KOSOVO ENDURING FREEDOM

DESERT STORM

KOSOVO

ENDURING FREEDOM

(1991)

(1999)

(2002)

Source: Defense Information Systems Agency (DISA)

Commercial Satellite B/WENDURING FREEDOM (1991) (1999) (2002) Source: Defense Information Systems Agency (DISA) Military Satellite B/W 20% 19

Military Satellite B/WENDURING FREEDOM (1991) (1999) (2002) Source: Defense Information Systems Agency (DISA) Commercial Satellite B/W 20% 19

(1999) (2002) Source: Defense Information Systems Agency (DISA) Commercial Satellite B/W Military Satellite B/W 20% 19

20%

Projected DoD Wideband Needs 30 25 20 ~18 Gbps ~11 Gbps 15 10 ~6 Gbps

Projected DoD Wideband Needs

30 25 20 ~18 Gbps ~11 Gbps 15 10 ~6 Gbps 5 0 Wideband Requirements
30
25
20
~18 Gbps
~11 Gbps
15
10
~6 Gbps
5
0
Wideband
Requirements
(non-TSAT
related)
FY04 FY06 FY08 FY10 FY12 FY14
On-orbit Capacity (Gbps)

WGS 5FY04 FY06 FY08 FY10 FY12 FY14 On-orbit Capacity (Gbps) WGS 4 WGS 3 WGS 2 WGS

WGS 4FY06 FY08 FY10 FY12 FY14 On-orbit Capacity (Gbps) WGS 5 WGS 3 WGS 2 WGS 1

WGS 3FY08 FY10 FY12 FY14 On-orbit Capacity (Gbps) WGS 5 WGS 4 WGS 2 WGS 1 GBS

WGS 2FY10 FY12 FY14 On-orbit Capacity (Gbps) WGS 5 WGS 4 WGS 3 WGS 1 GBS 3

WGS 1FY12 FY14 On-orbit Capacity (Gbps) WGS 5 WGS 4 WGS 3 WGS 2 GBS 3 GBS

GBS 3FY14 On-orbit Capacity (Gbps) WGS 5 WGS 4 WGS 3 WGS 2 WGS 1 GBS 2

GBS 2On-orbit Capacity (Gbps) WGS 5 WGS 4 WGS 3 WGS 2 WGS 1 GBS 3 GBS

GBS 1Capacity (Gbps) WGS 5 WGS 4 WGS 3 WGS 2 WGS 1 GBS 3 GBS 2

DS CS 10(Gbps) WGS 5 WGS 4 WGS 3 WGS 2 WGS 1 GBS 3 GBS 2 GBS

DS CS 9WGS 5 WGS 4 WGS 3 WGS 2 WGS 1 GBS 3 GBS 2 GBS 1

DS CS 85 WGS 4 WGS 3 WGS 2 WGS 1 GBS 3 GBS 2 GBS 1 DS

DS CS 75 WGS 4 WGS 3 WGS 2 WGS 1 GBS 3 GBS 2 GBS 1 DS

DS CS 65 WGS 4 WGS 3 WGS 2 WGS 1 GBS 3 GBS 2 GBS 1 DS

DS CS 55 WGS 4 WGS 3 WGS 2 WGS 1 GBS 3 GBS 2 GBS 1 DS

DS CS 45 WGS 4 WGS 3 WGS 2 WGS 1 GBS 3 GBS 2 GBS 1 DS

DS CS 35 WGS 4 WGS 3 WGS 2 WGS 1 GBS 3 GBS 2 GBS 1 DS

DS CS 25 WGS 4 WGS 3 WGS 2 WGS 1 GBS 3 GBS 2 GBS 1 DS

20

DS CS 15 WGS 4 WGS 3 WGS 2 WGS 1 GBS 3 GBS 2 GBS 1 DS

Current SATCOM Systems Defense Satellite Comm System (DSCS) Global Broadcast Service (GBS) Milstar Commercial UHF

Current SATCOM Systems

Defense Satellite Comm System (DSCS) Global Broadcast Service (GBS) Milstar Commercial UHF EHF L,C &
Defense Satellite
Comm System (DSCS)
Global Broadcast
Service (GBS)
Milstar
Commercial
UHF
EHF
L,C & Ku
SHF
Ka-Band
! Low & Medium data
!
Mix of data rates
! Hosted on UFO
! Mix of fixed &
mobile services
! Fixed, transportable,
!
Fixed, trans-
portable, &
! Growing numbers
of receive
terminals
& mobile terminals
! Mix of data rates
some mobile
terminals
! Supports tactical &
strategic users
! Users pay for
service
! One way
!
Mostly FDMA
broadcast
users
! Nuclear & Anti Jam
!
No protection
!
High data rate
!
Limited Anti-Jam
! Crosslinks
Growing use
protection
!
21

access

UHF Follow-On (UFO)

Growing use protection ! 21 access UHF Follow-On (UFO) ! Low data rates ! Large number

! Low data rates

! Large number of mobile terminals

! Demand Assigned Multiple Access increases user

! No protection

Types Types of of COMSATCOM COMSATCOM Services Services FixedFixed toto FixedFixed SATCOM AFFOR JTF HQ

TypesTypes ofof COMSATCOMCOMSATCOM ServicesServices

FixedFixed toto FixedFixed
FixedFixed
toto
FixedFixed
SATCOM AFFOR JTF HQ X (DSCS) C, Ku, UHF EHF, Ka(WGS) JSOTF ARFOR MARFOR Teleport
SATCOM
AFFOR
JTF HQ
X (DSCS)
C, Ku, UHF
EHF, Ka(WGS)
JSOTF
ARFOR
MARFOR
Teleport
ReachbackReachback
AFFOR TacticalTactical toto JTF HQ TacticalTactical JSOTF ARFOR MARFOR NAVFOR
AFFOR
TacticalTactical
toto
JTF HQ
TacticalTactical
JSOTF
ARFOR
MARFOR
NAVFOR
ReachbackReachback AFFOR TacticalTactical toto JTF HQ TacticalTactical JSOTF ARFOR MARFOR NAVFOR UAV UAV 22

UAVUAV

22

• Information sharing and analysis What the DoD Wants • Open dialogue on vulnerability, protection

Information sharing and analysis

What the DoD Wants

Open dialogue on vulnerability, protection and operational issues

Terrestrial physical security

Site backup, protection posture and contingency plans

Personnel security

Background investigations and access controls

Cyber/Network security

Detect and respond to intrusions; guarantee secure connectivity

TT&C information assurance

Encrypted connectivity

Space situational awareness

System baseline, location, TT&C and mission status

RFI incident management

Timely detection, notification, characterization and response

23

EMI/RFI • Publicly Reported Interference Events – China blinding Milsats – Iranian Diplomatic Facility Uplink

EMI/RFI

Publicly Reported Interference Events

China blinding Milsats

Iranian Diplomatic Facility Uplink Jamming of VOA Broadcasts to Iran

Al Manar attempts by Israel

Thuraya Jamming in 2006

Libya Jamming of US Satellites for Blackmail

China is believed to be conducting research and development on a number of different anti-satellite weapons, including direct-ascent systems, anti- satellite satellites, radio frequency weapons, and lasers.

Chinese Military re: Cyber/Network Operations Attacks

DoD Procurement 25
DoD Procurement 25

DoD Procurement

DoD Satcom Procurement 26

DoD Satcom Procurement

26
26
What We Want: Long Term Relationship 27
What We Want: Long Term Relationship 27

What We Want:

Long Term Relationship

World Satellite Services Revenue $60 DBS $50 MSS $41.3 FSS $35.8 $40 $28.8 $30 $25.5

World Satellite Services Revenue

$60 DBS $50 MSS $41.3 FSS $35.8 $40 $28.8 $30 $25.5 $22.0 $18.3 $20 $1.5
$60
DBS
$50
MSS
$41.3
FSS
$35.8
$40
$28.8
$30
$25.5
$22.0
$18.3
$20
$1.5
$10
$1.3
$1.3
$1.6
$1.8
$1.7
$9.1
$9.0
$8.8
$9.5
$9.3
$9.8
$0
2000
2001
2002
2003
2004
2005
Revenue (in Billions)
Version 2.0 29

Version 2.0

Version 2.0 29
Version 2.0 29
Operationally Responsive Space • The goals of ORS to produce satellites that are less costly,

Operationally Responsive Space

The goals of ORS to produce satellites that are less costly, at a faster rate, and in greater numbers; and provide niche capabilities, new technologies, and surge capacity; are not restricted to just small satellites and quick launch technologies.

The DoD, industry, and Congress should embrace the operationally responsive space movement as an obvious next step toward transformation.

Next step that includes, not only small satellites and cheap launch vehicles, but also encourages;

• Shared Payloads/Hosted Payloads

• Multiyear Commercial Transponder Leases

• Pre-Positioned Capacity and Transponder Portability

• Repositionable Spot Beams and/or Satellites

US National Space Policy Released August 31, 2006 31

US National Space Policy

Released August 31, 2006

National COMSATCOM Policy Needed • To maintain and expand our capabilities, we recommend that the

National COMSATCOM Policy Needed

To maintain and expand our capabilities, we recommend that the US Government develop a national commercial satellite communications policy that:

Relies to the maximum extent possible, on commercial satellite systems to meet the unclassified, non-sensitive communications needs of the US Government;

Maintains robust satellite technology development programs, such as the Transformational Communication Architecture and Operationally Responsive Space programs;

Takes maximum advantage of the flexibility of current procurements laws which allow multiyear procurement and the aggregation of government demand to build long-term stable relationships with the commercial industry;

Improves current satellite export control regime;

Maintains a strong national technological leadership through sponsorship of satellite education programs, career opportunities, and the education of key Government personnel;

Preserves and protects satellite spectrum from harmful interference;