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B d = o I enclosed

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Who is the Artist? A) B) C) D) E) Robert Plant Lyle Lovett Alison Krauss Mark Knopfler John Prine

Mark Knopfler, OBE Dire Straits to country We had a request How old is he?

Your Comments

I actually understand this. Something must be wrong... I don't understand how you can tell the direction of the magnetic field from a picture. Can we go over the second checkpoint? The second question was not covered in the prelecture. I dont quite get the use of 'n' in the formula for magnetic field from an infinite plane. like if we are solving a problem you will not tell as that this infinite plane contains these many infinitely long current carrying wires will you? What does the integral of bdl find you?

Example today Still some trouble with directions in office hours will review quickly

05

What are the directions of the field and the force due to I3 at I1?

B F B

A.

B.

C.

D.

F F

E.

B

What are the magnitudes of the field and the force due to I3 at I1? A. B1 =

0I 3 , F31 = I1LB1 2 d

B. B1 =

C. B1 =

0 I3 , F31 = I3LB1 2 d

B1 due to I3; F on I1

B d = Bd = B d = B 2R I enclosed = I

o I B= 2R

General Case

:05

Checkpoint 1a Checkpoint 1b Checkpoint 1c

Ienclosed = I

Ienclosed = I

Ienclosed = I

Ienclosed = 0

Ienclosed = 0

Ienclosed = 0

:08

An infinitely long hollow conducting tube carries current I in the direction shown.

Checkpoint 2a

Cylindrical Symmetry

X X X X

What is the direction of the magnetic field inside the tube? A. clockwise B. counterclockwise C. radially inward to the center D. radially outward from the center E. the magnetic field is zero

If you point your thumb in the direction of I, your fingers curl CW. Force is tangent to the cylinder so according to the RHR the magnetic field must be radailly towards the middle The enclosed current is zero, and if you take a non-zero closed path, then we zeo that the field MUST be zero in order for amperes :22 law to hold true

Amperes Law

I into screen

Bd

:12

I enc

Amperes Law

B d = o I enc

dl B dl B dl

:14

B

Physics 212 Lecture 15, Slide 9

Amperes Law

B d = o I enc

Ienc = 0!

dl B B dl B dl

:16

Amperes Law

B d = o I enc

dl

B dl

B dl

:16

Which of the following current distributions would give rise to the B.dL distribution at the right?

A

:18

C

Physics 212 Lecture 15, Slide 12

:19

:19

:19

:21

Checkpoint 2b

In which direction does the magnetic field point inside the tube? A. Left B. Right C. Up D. Down

E. Out of screen

Use the right hand rule and curl your fingers along the direction of the current.

:22

Simulation

:23

Solenoid

Several loops packed tightly together form a uniform magnetic field inside, and nearly zero magnetic field outside.

From this simulation, we can assume a constant field inside the solenoid and zero field outside the solenoid, and apply Amperes law to find the magnitude of the constant field inside the solenoid !!

3 2

4 3

1 4

B d = o I enc

B d + B d + B d + B d = o I enc

1

BL + 0 + 0 + 0 = o I enc

:28

BL = o nLI

n = # turns/length

B = o nI

Physics 212 Lecture 15, Slide 19

loop

B id = 2BL = 0Ienclosed

B =

0NI

2L

0 nI

2

Physics 212 Lecture 15, Slide 20

Example Problem

An infinitely long cylindrical shell with inner radius a and outer radius b carries a uniformly distributed current I out of the screen. Sketch |B| as a function of r.

a

I

x

Conceptual Analysis

Complete cylindrical symmetry (can only depend on r) can use Amperes law to calculate B B field can only be clockwise, counterclockwise or zero!

B d = o I enc

Strategic Analysis

Calculate B for the three regions separately: 1) r < a 2) a < r < b 3) r > b

:31

Example Problem

r What does |B| look like for r < a ?

I

a b

x

B d = o I enc

0

so B = 0

(A)

:33

(B)

(C)

Physics 212 Lecture 15, Slide 22

Example Problem

r What does |B| look like for r > b ?

I

a b

x

B d = o I enc

I

(A)

:35

(B)

(C)

Physics 212 Lecture 15, Slide 23

Example Problem

What does |B| look like for r > b ?

dl LHS: RHS:

I

a b

x

B d = Bd = B d = B 2r

I enclosed = I

o I B= 2r

(A)

:36

(B)

(C)

Physics 212 Lecture 15, Slide 24

Example Problem

I

What is the current density j (Amp/m2) in the conductor?

a b

x

(A)

I j= 2 b

(B)

I j= 2 2 b +a

(C)

I j= 2 2 b a

j = I / area

area = b2 a 2

I j= 2 2 b a

:40

Example Problem

r What does |B| look like for a < r < b ?

I

a b

x

(A)

:43

(B)

(C)

Physics 212 Lecture 15, Slide 26

Example Problem

What does |B| look like for a < r < b ? r

I

a b

x

B d = oI enc

B 2r = o jAenc

B 2r = o

(b 2 a 2 )

(r a )

o I (r 2 a 2 ) B= 2r (b 2 a 2 )

(A)

:45

(B)

(C)

Example Problem

An infinitely long cylindrical shell with inner radius a and outer radius b carries a uniformly distributed current I out of the screen. Sketch |B| as a function of r.

a

I

x

:48

Follow-Up

Add an infinite wire along the z axis carrying current I0. What must be true about I0 such that there is some value of r, a < r < b, such that B(r) = 0 ?

a

I I0 X

x

A) |I0| > |I| AND I0 into screen B) |I0| > |I| AND I0 out of screen C) |I0| < |I| AND I0 into screen D) |I0| < |I| AND I0 out of screen

:48

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