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Neuromuscular Laboratory New Training Techniques Jeffrey M. McBride, PhD Associate Professor – Biomechanics Department

Neuromuscular Laboratory

New Training Techniques

Jeffrey M. McBride, PhD Associate Professor – Biomechanics Department of Health, Leisure & Exercise Science Appalachian State University

THRUST

HOLD

(90%) MAX

ALT RIGHT

(50%)

(90%)

(80%)

(70%)

(50%)

(70%)

(80%)

ALT LEFT

UP

SUPERMAN

PUSH

ISOMETRIC

SIDE

DEADLIFT

DEADLIFT

DEADLIFT

DEADLIFT

SQUAT

SQUAT

SQUAT

SQUAT

PELVIC

RIGHT

Focus on Core & Stability

• Activation of Trunk Muscles (Exercise Selection)

LONGISSIMUS (T10) 0.7 0.6 0.5 0.4 0.3 0.2 0.1 0 AVG IEMG (mV)
LONGISSIMUS (T10)
0.7
0.6
0.5
0.4
0.3
0.2
0.1
0
AVG IEMG (mV)

(Unpublished McBride et al. 2006)

LEFT RIGHT

HOLD (50%) DEADLIFT (70%) DEADLIFT (80%)

THRUST

(90%) MAX

(80%)

(70%)

(50%)

(90%)

UP

SUPERMAN

PUSH

ISOMETRIC

ALT PELVIC

SIDE DEADLIFT

DEADLIFT

SQUAT

SQUAT

SQUAT

SQUAT

ALT

RIGHT

MULTIFIDUS (L1) 0.7 0.6 0.5 0.4 0.3 0.2 0.1 0 AVG IEMG (mV)
MULTIFIDUS (L1)
0.7
0.6
0.5
0.4
0.3
0.2
0.1
0
AVG IEMG (mV)

(Unpublished McBride et al. 2006)

LEFT RIGHT

HOLD DEADLIFT (50%)

THRUST

(90%) MAX

(70%)

(50%)

(80%)

(90%)

(70%) (80%)

UP

SUPERMAN

PUSH

ISOMETRIC

ALT PELVIC

SIDE DEADLIFT

DEADLIFT

DEADLIFT

SQUAT

SQUAT

SQUAT

SQUAT

ALT

RIGHT

EXTERNAL OBLIQUES

0.45 0.4 0.35 0.3 0.25 0.2 0.15 0.1 0.05 0 AVG IEMG (mV)
0.45
0.4
0.35
0.3
0.25
0.2
0.15
0.1
0.05
0
AVG IEMG (mV)

(Unpublished McBride et al. 2006)

ALT RIGHT

HOLD

THRUST

(80%) (90%)

(50%)

(70%)

ALT LEFT

(80%)

(70%)

(90%)

(50%)

UP

SUPERMAN

PUSH

SIDE

DEADLIFT

DEADLIFT

DEADLIFT

DEADLIFT

SQUAT

SQUAT

SQUAT

SQUAT

PELVIC

RIGHT

(Silfies et al. 2005) RECTUS ABDOMINIS 0.45 0.4 0.35 0.3 0.25 0.2 0.15 0.1 0.05
(Silfies et al. 2005)
RECTUS ABDOMINIS
0.45
0.4
0.35
0.3
0.25
0.2
0.15
0.1
0.05
0
AVG IEMG (mV)

(Unpublished McBride et al. 2006)

Focus on Core & Stability

• Relationship to Athletic Performance

& Stability • Relationship to Athletic Performance No change in Muscle Activity of RA, EO or

No change in Muscle Activity of RA, EO or ES

No change in VO 2 at select running velocities

(Stanton et al. 2004)

Focus on Core & Stability

• Muscle Activity and Stability in Squatting

3000 6000 * Peak Force 2500 5000 RFD 2000 4000 * 1500 3000 1000 2000
3000
6000
*
Peak Force
2500
5000
RFD
2000
4000
*
1500
3000
1000
2000
500
1000
0
0
Peak Force (N)
RFD (N/s)

Stable

Unstable (McBride et al. 2006)

Focus on Core & Stability

• Muscle Activity and Stability in Squatting

250 VM IEMG * VL IEMG * BF IEMG 200 TS IEMG 150 100 50
250
VM IEMG
*
VL IEMG
*
BF IEMG
200
TS IEMG
150
100
50
0
Stable
Unstable
Average IEMG (uV)

(McBride et al. 2006)

Emphasis on Power

Emphasis on Power (Kaneko et al. 2004)

(Kaneko et al. 2004)

Re-Evaluation of Stretching

110 105 100 95 90 # # # 85 # 80 75 * * *
110
105
100
95
90
#
#
#
85
#
80
75
*
*
*
*
70
Control
65
Stretch
60
Baseline Imm Post
1m Post
2m Post
4m Post
8m Post
16m Post
Percentage of Baseline Force (%)

(McBride et al. 2006 )

Re-Evaluation of Stretching

2500 2300 2100 1900 1700 1500 1300 1100 900 700 Baseline Stretch Imm Post 500
2500
2300
2100
1900
1700
1500
1300
1100
900
700
Baseline
Stretch Imm Post
500
Time
Force (N)
(p = 0.11)
200 ms
(p = 0.08)
400 ms
600 ms
(p = 0.21)
800 ms
(p = 0.19)
1000 ms
(p = 0.29)
2000 ms
(p = 0.44)
3000 ms
(p = 0.44)

(McBride et al. 2006 )

Conclusion

• Consider Exercise Selection for Muscle Activation

• Consider Impact of Instability on Muscle Activation

• Consider Training for Strength or Power

• Consider Effect of Stretching on Muscle Force