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Saturation curves for soft magnetic

materials
Values are listed in text format so you can copy them and paste them into applications.
The data are from a variety of sources, and an effort has been made to ensure consistency.
Nonetheless, Field Precision makes no claims about the accuracy of the values and
accepts no responsibility for applications of the data. You are welcome to use them as is.
If you have better values or find an error, please contact us at techinfo@fieldp.com. The
following materials are included:

Armco
Cast iron
Cast steel
Cobalt
Iron 1018
Magnet steel
Magnetite
Nickel
Pure iron
Sheet steel
Silicon steel
Soft iron
Steel 50H470
Steel1008
Steel1010
Steel1018
Steel1020
Steel3010
Tungsten steel

For the soft materials, the value of relative magnetic permeability is defined as
Mur = B/B0 = B/(mu0*H) [1]

where the total magnetic flux density B is in tesla and the magnetic field H is in A/m. The
quantity B0 is the applied magnetic flux density and has units of tesla. Magnetic materials
saturate at high values of B. The maximum contribution that a material can make to the
total flux density occurs when all domains are completely aligned. The contribution is
called the saturation flux density Bs. At higher fields, the total flux density is the sum of
the peak material contribution and the applied flux density:
B = B0 + Bs. [2]

In this limit, the relative permeability is


Mur = B/(B-Bs). [3]

At high field, Eq. 3 implies that the saturation flux density is given by
Bs = B B/Mur. [4]

Some of the tables contained high enough values of B that is was possible to identify a
consistent value of Bs from Eq. [4]. For these cases, we used Eq. 3 to extend the table to a

standard value of B = 10.0 tesla to aid in the convergence of nonlinear numerical


solutions.

Armco
B
MuR
(tesla)
==============
====
0.0000 480.0000
0.0060 580.0000
0.0140 630.0000
0.0270 920.0000
0.0460 1200.0000
0.0750 1550.0000
0.1170 1970.0000
0.1720 2480.0000
0.2410 3020.0000
0.3180 3550.0000
0.4000 4000.0000
0.6000 4840.0000
0.8000 5340.0000
0.9000 5420.0000
1.0400 5250.0000
1.1600 4800.0000
1.2600 4060.0000
1.3600 3100.0000
1.4400 2300.0000
1.5200 1520.0000
1.5600 1130.0000
1.6000 790.0000
1.6500 590.0000
1.7000 340.0000
1.7400 245.0000
1.8000 170.0000
1.8500 135.0000
1.9000 106.0000
1.9600 80.0000
2.0200 60.0000
2.1000 40.0000
2.2000 23.0000
2.3000 12.5000
2.4000 9.0000
2.6000 5.4167
3.0000 3.4091
3.8000 2.2619
5.0000 1.7361
6.6000 1.4732
8.0000 1.3605
10.0000 1.2690
Cast iron

Soft iron
B
MuR
(tesla)
==============
=====
0.0000 4075.4511
0.8944 3768.2831
1.2000 3166.8099
1.4000 2380.6469
1.5000 1595.4230
1.5500 997.8273
1.6000 674.1631
1.6500 473.5731
1.7000 319.4254
1.7500 221.3841
1.8000 173.2094
1.8500 139.9732
1.9000 113.0668
1.9500 90.6347
2.0000 73.9636
2.0500 60.9549
2.1000 51.1983
2.1250 44.2498
2.1500 38.2875
2.1750 32.4063
2.2000 25.9244
2.2500 19.6678
2.2797 15.2170
2.3069 12.3584
2.3443 10.5838
2.3996 9.1572
2.4905 7.3427
2.5627 5.9359
2.6706 4.8517
2.8498 3.9459
3.2074 3.1538
3.5644 2.4550
4.2782 2.0238
4.8134 1.7660
5.7052 1.6061
6.4186 1.4830
7.4887 1.4298
8.0000 1.3629
10.0000 1.2706
Steel 50H470
B
MuR
(tesla)

B
MuR
(tesla)
==============
====
0.0000 797.8894
0.1000 808.5088
0.2000 808.5088
0.2800 754.6082
0.3500 707.4451
0.4450 599.6440
0.5150 520.4775
0.6050 407.6232
0.6700 338.5630
0.7200 291.0632
0.7650 257.7122
0.8060 232.7350
0.8420 212.7389
0.8720 195.8388
0.9050 182.9251
0.9320 171.2569
0.9650 162.5439
0.9900 153.9276
1.0100 145.8203
1.0330 139.1983
1.0570 133.5303
Cast steel
B
MuR
(tesla)
==============
====
0.0000 1311.0162
0.1700 1374.4648
0.4000 1617.0176
0.7300 1967.3713
0.9800 1980.8464
1.1900 1603.5425
1.2750 1288.5608
1.4100 949.9977
1.4900 752.9238
1.5500 626.5943
1.5950 537.3215
1.6340 471.8226
1.6630 420.1719
1.6900 379.5500
1.7200 347.6588
1.7380 319.3610
1.7550 295.6110
1.7730 275.6704
1.7850 257.7122
1.8000 242.5526
1.8160 229.4144
Cobalt

==============
=====
0.0000 500.0000
0.0200 795.7747
0.0280 891.2677
0.0400 1061.0330
0.0650 1436.8155
0.0850 1691.0213
0.1100 1989.4368
0.1500 2387.3241
0.1900 2699.9499
0.2300 3050.4697
0.3200 3637.8273
0.4450 4426.4969
0.5500 4863.0677
0.6600 5252.1131
0.7600 5498.0799
0.8500 5636.7376
0.9300 5692.8499
0.9900 5627.2641
1.0300 5464.3197
1.1100 5195.9408
1.2100 4814.4370
1.2800 4244.1318
1.3400 3554.4604
1.4050 2795.1587
1.4400 2291.8312
1.4700 1949.6481
1.5050 1497.0512
1.5250 1213.5564
1.5800 628.6620
1.6050 510.8874
1.6200 429.7183
1.6600 330.2465
1.7000 270.5634
1.7600 200.0805
1.8050 159.5970
1.8600 113.8570
1.9300 76.7923
2.0000 53.0516
2.0400 40.5845
2.0600 32.7859
2.0800 27.5869
2.0850 24.5294
2.0900 23.2222
2.1000 21.0000
2.1100 19.1818
2.1200 17.6667
2.1300 16.3846
2.1400 15.2857
2.1500 14.3333
2.1750 12.4286
2.2000 11.0000
2.2250 9.8889

B
MuR
(tesla)
==============
====
0.0000 120.3497
0.0150 121.2763
0.0300 121.2763
0.0450 121.2763
0.0680 137.4465
0.1300 175.1769
0.1750 176.8613
0.2730 183.9357
0.3500 176.8613
0.4130 166.9571
0.4600 154.9642
0.4950 142.9328
0.5300 133.9093
0.5600 125.7680
0.5830 117.8402
0.6100 112.0887
0.6340 106.7905
0.6530 101.5300
0.6750 97.4542
0.6940 93.5175
0.7100 89.6939
Iron 1018
B
MuR
(tesla)
==============
====
0.0000 1074.9180
0.2143 1053.6490
0.4035 1010.5270
0.5654 949.6112
0.7032 881.1529
0.8196 817.1145
0.9172 763.9995
0.9985 713.1441
1.0660 666.0114
1.1210 622.7068
1.1660 583.0622
1.2030 546.8434
1.2330 513.8655
1.2580 483.8914
1.2790 456.7336
1.2970 432.1900
1.3120 409.9981
1.3260 389.9860
1.3390 371.8988
1.3510 355.5333
1.3630 340.6774
1.3740 327.5343
1.3840 314.3711

2.2500
2.2750
2.3000
2.3500
2.4000
2.4500
2.5000
2.7000
2.8000
2.9000
3.0000
4.0000
5.0000
10.0000

9.0000
8.2727
7.6667
6.7143
6.0000
5.4444
5.0000
3.8571
3.5000
3.2222
3.0000
2.0000
1.6667
1.2500

Steel1008
B
MuR
(tesla)
==============
=====
0.0000 1486.6912
1.0000 1224.2689
1.2000 868.1179
1.4000 618.9359
1.5000 481.3154
1.6000 351.7236
1.6500 285.4409
1.7000 231.2508
1.7500 188.1900
1.8000 153.1973
1.8500 124.7613
1.9000 101.0001
1.9500 81.6716
2.0000 65.8481
2.0500 52.8625
2.1000 41.9987
2.2000 19.1292
2.3000 10.9532
2.4000 8.0011
2.5000 6.2502
2.8500 3.3530
3.0000 3.3333
4.0000 2.1053
5.0000 1.7241
10.0000 1.2658
Steel1010
B
MuR
(tesla)
==============
=====
0.0000 460.9800
0.0277 497.1100
0.0348 750.7800

1.3930
1.4010
1.4060

301.8189
291.3476
284.1979

Magnet steel
B
MuR
(tesla)
==============
====
0.0000 129.3202
0.0150 121.2763
0.0270 109.1487
0.0450 121.2763
0.0700 141.4890
0.0900 121.2763
0.2350 237.4995
0.5120 344.9637
0.7200 363.8289
0.8750 353.7226
0.9730 327.7829
1.0350 298.8595
1.0900 275.3983
1.1400 256.0278
1.1850 239.5207
1.2250 225.0962
1.2550 211.3914
1.2820 199.3285
1.3100 189.1333
1.3360 180.0280
1.3650 172.4398

0.0427
0.0606
0.1180
0.1936
0.2900
0.4000
0.4950
0.5800
0.6600
0.7200
0.7800
0.8300
0.9250
0.9700
1.1100
1.4000
1.5250
1.6550
1.7400
1.8200
1.8650
1.9200
1.9900
2.0650
2.2300
2.3000
3.0000
4.0000
5.0000
10.0000

859.4800
1076.0600
1330.2000
1720.0000
2064.0000
2050.0000
1800.0000
1650.0000
1400.0000
1200.0000
1100.0000
966.6600
933.3300
616.6700
344.0000
207.5000
85.0000
53.7500
33.0000
22.4600
19.9800
16.8600
14.2143
9.6047
5.8684
5.1111
2.6087
1.8605
1.5873
1.2270

Magnetite
B
MuR
(tesla)
==============
====
0.0000 72.0332
0.0080 64.6807
0.0140 56.5956
0.0250 67.3757
0.0350 70.7445
0.0550 74.1133
0.0830 83.8828
0.1400 94.3260
0.1950 98.5370
0.2280 92.1700
0.2520 84.8934
0.2670 77.0971
0.2830 71.5025
0.2950 66.2528
0.3100 62.6594
0.3150 57.8819
0.3250 54.7428
0.3320 51.6202

Steel1018
B
MuR
(tesla)
==============
=====
0.0000 790.6271
0.2500 833.4465
0.9250 924.9707
1.2500 624.9802
1.3900 463.3380
1.5250 304.9980
1.7100 170.9989
1.8700 93.5000
1.9550 65.1665
2.0200 40.3999
2.1100 21.1000
2.2250 11.1250
2.4300 6.0750
2.5000 5.3192
3.0000 3.0928
4.0000 2.0305
5.0000 1.6835
10.0000 1.2547

0.3380
0.3420
0.3460

48.7993
46.0850
43.7100

Nickel
B
MuR
(tesla)
==============
====
0.0000 781.9838
0.1000 808.5088
0.2000 808.5088
0.2550 687.2324
0.3100 626.5943
0.3800 512.0555
0.4180 422.4458
0.4600 309.9284
0.4860 245.5845
0.5100 206.1697
0.5220 175.8507
0.5350 154.4829
0.5400 136.4359
0.5500 123.5222
0.5600 113.1912
0.5650 103.8199
0.5700 96.0104
0.5750 89.4024
0.5800 83.7384
0.5830 78.5601
0.5850 73.9027
Pure iron
B
MuR
(tesla)
==============
=====
0.0000 2006.5800
0.1204 2252.6900
0.1577 3981.4900
0.2000 6577.7500
0.3550 7142.3300
0.7000 5449.9900
0.9000 3999.9900
1.1000 2999.9900
1.2000 2000.0000
1.3000 1500.0000
1.3500 1000.0000
1.4000 800.0000
1.4300 500.0000
1.4500 300.0000
1.4600 200.0000
1.4800 266.6700
1.5000 200.0000
1.5400 80.0000

Steel1020
B
MuR
(tesla)
==============
=====
0.0000 151.4900
0.0091 172.8400
0.0121 323.1200
0.0156 387.7300
0.0237 515.5300
0.0516 665.5000
0.0903 879.6000
0.1396 1094.2000
0.1997 1308.0000
0.2704 1443.0000
0.3440 1496.0000
0.4200 1460.0000
0.4900 1400.0000
0.5600 1300.0000
0.6200 1100.0000
0.7250 1000.0000
0.7700 783.3300
0.9600 444.0000
1.3250 255.0000
1.4700 96.6700
1.6150 55.0000
1.6900 31.0200
1.7701 23.3600
1.8200 18.9700
1.8650 13.4900
1.9200 11.3500
1.9800 8.6087
2.1750 5.1176
2.2800 4.3019
3.0000 2.4000
4.0000 1.7778
5.0000 1.5385
10.0000 1.2121
Steel3010
B
MuR
(tesla)
==============
=====
0.0000 241.6600
0.0145 214.2700
0.0150 50.0200
0.0155 33.3400
0.0160 78.5700
0.0210 190.0000
0.0350 340.0000
0.0550 600.0000
0.0950 850.0000

1.6000
1.6500
1.7000
1.7500
1.8000
1.8400
1.8800
1.9276
2.0000
3.0000
4.0000
5.0000
10.0000

55.0000
33.3300
25.0000
20.0000
16.1700
15.9900
11.8200
10.3700
7.6923
2.3810
1.7699
1.5337
1.2107

Sheet steel
B
MuR
(tesla)
==============
=====
0.0000 5760.0908
0.7000 5659.5610
1.2500 5053.1797
1.3900 3746.0906
1.4400 2910.6316
1.5000 2021.2719
1.5350 1551.3262
1.5950 1074.6429
1.6250 821.1417
1.6550 669.0410
1.6730 563.5980
1.6950 489.4366
1.7140 433.0575
1.7300 388.5334
1.7500 353.7226
1.7640 324.1385
1.7800 299.8220
1.7940 278.9355
1.8050 260.5997
1.8200 245.2477
1.8300 231.1830
Silicon steel
B
MuR
(tesla)
==============
=====
0.0000 5941.4004
0.7000 5659.5610
1.1700 4729.7759
1.2600 3395.7368
1.3200 2668.0791
1.3800 1859.5702
1.4100 1424.9967
1.4650 987.0544

0.1400
0.1850
0.2350
0.2800
0.3200
0.3700
0.4600
0.5000
0.6900
1.1450
1.3500
1.5500
1.6600
1.7400
1.7900
1.8300
1.8950
1.9450
2.1000
2.1650
3.0000
4.0000
5.0000
10.0000

900.0000
950.0000
950.0000
850.0000
900.0000
933.3300
866.6600
766.6600
516.0000
330.0000
135.0000
77.5000
38.0000
23.3600
17.9900
14.1600
11.3500
8.6444
5.5263
4.8652
2.3438
1.7544
1.5244
1.2077

Tungsten steel
B
MuR
(tesla)
==============
=====
0.0000 242.8382
0.0250 202.1272
0.0350 141.4890
0.0600 161.7018
0.0900 181.9145
0.1800 242.5526
0.3250 328.4567
0.8000 539.0059
1.1450 578.5891
1.3200 533.6158
1.4150 476.6833
1.4850 428.7984
1.5340 387.5789
1.5750 353.7226
1.6060 324.6163
1.6380 300.9858
1.6650 280.4515
1.6900 262.7654
1.7100 246.8839
1.7250 232.4463
1.7400 219.8133

1.5000
1.5250
1.5500
1.5750
1.5910
1.6100
1.6300
1.6450
1.6600
1.6750
1.6900
1.7040
1.7200

757.9770
616.4880
522.1619
454.7862
401.9804
361.5831
329.4673
302.2720
279.6093
260.4331
243.9964
229.6165
217.2867