Sie sind auf Seite 1von 36

Lanco Solar & KVK Energy Ventures Private Limited

Integration of CSP with Thermal Storage and Hybrid with gas or coal
PRESENTATION BY GOPAL LAL SOMANI AT SHREE CEMENT BEAWAR

KVK Energy

27th January, 2012

Concerns on CSP technology


Achieving dispatch ability and bringing the technology at par with base load power plant (24 x 7 operation). Minimizing yearly day and night cycles by application of solar thermal storage, load balancing, reduction in steam flow variability by load adjustments. Achieving quick start ups at minimum load and low steam conditions Improving solar energy and solar steam output, cycling conditions with fine tuning and optimizing solar block efficiencies. Optimization of thermal storage with focus on extension in operating hours, buffering low solar and cloud cover period, stabilizing steam flow and energy output from turbine Minimizing auxiliary consumption by optimizing night operations Reduction in no. of start-ups and shut downs. Reduction in daily cycling with low and minimum load Optimization of annual power production
KVK Energy 27th January, 2012

Solutions and gains


To increase the efficiency of solar power and make it competitive, the concept of solar thermal storage and CSP hybrid power plant is gaining momentum By combining solar thermal energy with conventional thermal energy, the plant can be treated as base load station at all times while solar power can be used to reduce the consumption of fossil fuel and decrease greenhouse gas emissions. One promising solution is the hybrid solar thermal power plant instead producing solar power only, the energy coming from the s olar field is used in improving the efficiency, in a operating thermal power plant. CSP technology had matured but concept of hybrid and ISCC is still young. Few demonstrations have been carried on solar boost in existing coal based thermal power plants.

KVK Energy

27th January, 2012

Merits and advantages


Solar thermal storage Integration Provide dispatch able power Supply power during cloud cover, non solar period, Buffering during low solar insulation period Meeting peak demand Higher storage design can deliver power 24/7 and meet name plate output capacity Avoid frequent startup and shut downs Will not generate emissions High initial capital cost (Prohibitive in cost competitive market) loosing market against plummeting PV prices and PV plant costs Thermal energy storage plants offer both an energy and a capacity solution Reduction in transmission losses and auxiliary consumption

KVK Energy

27th January, 2012

Merits, advantages and limitations


Hybrid with coal and gas including augmentation of existing coal / gas plants

Limited solar contribution to existing capacity only up to 10 15 % possible No cost involved in transmission system and separate power block Reduced capital cost for improved high capacity factor Low-risk and do not require very large solar-field for a given CSP plant capacity Hybridization will produce CO2 due to the combustion of natural gas / coal The operations of hybrid systems not limited with the storage capacity

KVK Energy

27th January, 2012

Process flow diagram


Integration of CSP with gas ISCC

KVK Energy

27th January, 2012

Combined Cycle Power Plant

KVK Energy

27th January, 2012

Concept of solar thermal storage and auxilary firing

KVK Energy

27th January, 2012

Examples of solar boost hybrid plants


75MWe (peak) solar boost through Parabolic Trough field at 3,705MWe CCGT plant in Florida, USA is operational since 2010. The plant is largest CSP hybrid plant worldwide where steam from solar field is further superheated in HRSG downstream the gas turbine. Compact Linear Fresnel field provides solar saturated steam at 2700C, 55 bar to HP feed water Heater at 4 x 500 MWe coal fired power station in the Hunter Valley, NSW. The system is in operation since 2008 with additional 9.3 MWth Solar field extension plan under completion.

44MWe (peak) solar boost through Fresnel field is progressing at 750MWe coal fired power station, Kogan Creek, QLD when superheated steam is injected into the Cold Reheat Line of the power station. Completion scheduled for 2013
KVK Energy
9 27th January, 2012

Areva's CSP solar boost application


CLFR CSP Solar steam generators increase the quantity of available steam for natural gas-fired, coal-fired, waste heat recovery power plants. This solar steam enables power plants to increase electricity production, reduce fuel consumption, supports peak loads and reduce plant emissions. This application can be used to extend plant life for biomass, waste heat recovery or geothermal facilities. This technology produces direct solar steam for diverse process steam applications, ranging from enhanced oil recovery and mining, to food processing, and desalination. It integrates simply with conventional steam systems in retrofit and new plant designs

KVK Energy

27th January, 2012

Solar Power Booster Application

KVK Energy

27th January, 2012

CSP - CLFR SYSTEM PERFORMANCE

CLFR performance and specifications Temperature : up to 482C (750F) Pressure : up to 165 bar (1 535 psia) Annual Energy yield per 5.3 Hectares land: 26.850 MWth 91. 630 MMBtu Heat equivalent

KVK Energy

27th January, 2012

ISCC Plants and Feasibility


Sl. No. Name of the plant concept & capacity Solar-CSP Capacity (Boost) % Contribution Annual Solar Generation Remarks

150 MW KSCC kuraymat, Eqypt


750 MW Morocco ISCC

20 Mwe, 1,30,000 Sqm Solar Field


20 Mwe, 1,80,000 Sqm

56%

33 GWh

1.13 %

40 GWh

Algeria 150 MW ISCC at HASSI (In pipe line)

30 Mwe, 1,80,000 Sqm

79%

40 GWh

Feasibility of a ISCC power plant, however are usually carried on case to case site specific DNI for a defined location, gas availability, power demand and access to grid with assured availability of water required for long term operations.
KVK Energy 27th January, 2012

Concept of ISCC

KVK Energy

27th January, 2012

Concept of Molten salt solar thermal storage


Molten salt energy storage (MSES is efficient and cost-effective solar thermal energy storage system, a well suited for thermo solar CSP power plants. MSES system are capable to retains over 95% of captured heat for up to 24 hours, allowing generation of electricity around the clock in an efficient, economical, and environmentally benign manner. Achievement: 19.7 MW CSP tower plant (24/7 operation) with 15 Hours of MSES A stand-alone thermo solar 19.7 MW CSP tower plant with 15 hours of molten salt energy storage near Seville in Spain commissioned in June 2011. Successful base load 24/7 operation demonstrated on 6th July 2011 with capacity factor of 73%.

KVK Energy

27th January, 2012

The Gemasolar Plant

KVK Energy

27th January, 2012

GEMASOLAR DESIGNED PERFORMANCE

KVK Energy

27th January, 2012

GEMASOLAR, THE FIRST TOWER THERMOSOLAR COMMERCIAL PLANT WITH MOLTEN SALT STORAGE

Commercial Operation

KVK Energy

27th January, 2012

Hybrid Technologies and options still to be demonstrated

Big Dish technology or solar tower with hot air cycle able to realize 5400C steam No references for CSP hybrid with biomass, waste or Syngas yet No CSP plant connected to the HP steam line yet No CSP/Energy from Waste plant under construction yet but Energy from Waste/CCGT hybrid plants exist in Bilbao, Spain and Mainz, Germany No Syngas co-fired in OCGT or CCGT yet; largest Syngas project is(300kWe).

KVK Energy

27th January, 2012

OPPORTUNITIES
FUTURE PROSPECTS AND MARKETS

Both hybridization and thermal storage options will continue to offer a contrasting range of advantages and disadvantages - but as fossil fuel prices go up and PV prices continue to fall, fossil fuel resource scarcity and environmental concerns will place an upward pressure on hybrid system energy prices.
On maturity of thermal storage options and costs decrease I expect dedicated, 100% solar systems will dominate CSP deployment. ISCC systems will remain a good option, but are limited to sunny sites with big gas combined-cycle plants feasibility.

KVK Energy

27th January, 2012

CSP Fossil fuel hybrid power plants


Les Borges Parabolic Trough/ biomass hybrid plant under construction in northern Spain; 22.5MWe CSP & 11MWe from biomass during the night. 5 MW CSP demonstration facility in Italy. Molten Salt Energy Storage Integrated with with Combined cycle Natural gas power generation-24X7 operation 5 MW Solugas project in Israel is CSP Central Tower with pressurized high temperature air hybrid with natural gas CC power plant for base load 24/7 dispatch able power independent of meteorological conditions and time of day.

KVK Energy

27th January, 2012

MNRE/GOR initiative in India


CSP Hybrid and ISCC Option
Sl. no Technology Configuration Tentative number of projects Requirements and other remarks

Up to 50 MW capacity with air/ hybrid cooling; the minimum capacity would be20 MW.

One

Reduction in water consumption to 25% or less of the benchmark figure of 0 litre per MWh. Stand alone solar power plant with up to 10% energy from auxiliary source Total gas consumption in a year will not be more than 30% of the total generation of the plant based on total units of electricity generated in a year. Stand alone solar power plant with up to 10% energy from auxiliary source

50 MW capacity with up to 30% gas hybridization

One

50 MW capacity having operating temperature over 500 C

One

KVK Energy

27th January, 2012

Continued..
Sl. no Technology Configuration Tentative number of projects Requirements and other remarks

Solar Augmentation of the existing coal thermal power plant

To be decided

Integration Strategy: Solar energy to be added to supply steam to the plants cold reheat line and/ or the steam extraction lines for the plants feed water heater.
Energy output of the solar plant to be monitored against declared performance. May be considered under R&D programme to provide capital subsidy.

KVK Energy

27th January, 2012

Continued..
Sl. no Technology Configuration Tentative number of projects Requirements and other remarks

Solar - biomass hybrid plant of 1- 3 MW capacity

One

The turbine capacity to be maximized for solar radiation conditions. Solar contribution to be over 25%. The developer to have dedicated biomass supply chain for the project

Base load capacity solar stand alone plant of up to 10MW capacity; the minimum capacity would be 3 MW.

One

The project may have thermal storage for non-solar hours with up to 10% energy from auxiliary source

KVK Energy

27th January, 2012

TARGET POTENTIAL MARKET

1. Solar steam/heat boost to existing coal/gas based power plant. 2. Solar boost to waste heat recovery plant in process industry-cement-sugar-chemical-fertilizer etc. 3. ISCC concept for integration of CSP into combined cycle gas power plant. 4. CSP with solar thermal salt storage (15 hr) for 24X7 operation

KVK Energy

27th January, 2012

Development Modular CSP Hybrid Product 1. Work on a modular CSP unit to be connected appropriately with above options with appropriate capacity. 2. Turn key solution for Hybrid waste heat recovery, boiler, Biomass boiler, Gasifiers etc. 3. Cost economic feasibility and citing the location. 4. Evaluation of CSP technologies i.e. Parabolic Trough, CLFR and Tower 5. Cost estimation, efficiencies, financials, EPC turn key solutions and techno commercial viability.

KVK Energy

27th January, 2012

Technical configuration for Process Heat Application

KVK Energy

27th January, 2012

SOLAR POWER TECHNOLOGY


SOPOGY and AURA DEMONSTRATED a new approach to Concentrating Solar Power (CSP) called MicroCSP, a highly modular and scalable technology that is particularly suitable for distributed generation and solar boost to existing systems in the range of 250kW 10 MW. MicroCSP technology also incorporates several design and manufacturing innovations that dramatically reduce the cost and increase the flexibility of concentrating solar energy applications. MicroCSP and Photovoltaic (PV) technology both play important yet different roles in addressing the climate change problem. PV converts sunlight into electricity at an efficiency around 15%. MicroCSP converts the sun heat into thermal energy at an efficiency around 50%. Sopogy's MicroCSP products are flexible in use and can be installed for use in Solar boost, Power Generation, Air Conditioning and Process Heat applications.

KVK Energy

27th January, 2012

APPLICATION EFFICIENCY
SOPOLOGY - PROCESS HEAT

Direct Solar Radiation on a Clear Day at Beawar (Annual Average)

1820 kwh / m2

Temperature to Application

65.5C-121.1C

121.1C-176.6C

176.6C-232.2C

Solar to Thermal Efficiency, Collector Only Net available thermal energy for process after losses Average Output per Panel

61.5% 523 W/m 2.72 kW

58.8% 500 W/m 2.60 kW

55.2% 469 W/m 2.44 kW

KVK Energy

27th January, 2012

DIMENSIONS/PANEL CAPACITY
SOPNOVA Length Width Center to Center Spacing Actual Area Reflector Aperture Area

3.66 m 1.65 m 2.59 m 6.04 m 5.21 m

KVK Energy

27th January, 2012

PROCESS HEAT - PARABOLIC SYSTEM LAYOUT

Solar Field

Heat Exchanger Back-Up Boiler Storage Tanks Heat Source Pump Expansion Tank

Circulating Pump

KVK Energy

27th January, 2012

POWER GENERATION
APPLICATION EFFICIENCY

SOPOGY >> POWER GENERATION


Solar to Thermal Efficiency, Collector Only Available Thermal Energy for Process after Losses Thermal to Electric Efficiency Average Output per Panel Output Temperature Range 56.5% 480 W/m

20% 0.688525349 kWe 93 - 270C

KVK Energy

27th January, 2012

POWER GENERATION
Length per system Width Center to Center Spacing Actual Area Reflector Aperture Area Total Aperture Area SOPONOVA 4.0 3.67 m 2.09 m 3.66 m 7.68 m 7.17 m 10841.04 m2

Power (KW) Number of Panels


SPACE REQUIREMENTS (ONLY SOLAR FIELD AREA) Acre

1,000 1,512

5.00

KVK Energy

27th January, 2012

Micro Central Tower System with Molten Salt

KVK Energy

27th January, 2012

AORA MICRO CSP TOWER GAS HYBRID SYSTEM

KVK Energy

27th January, 2012

We Envision To be an integrated player across the Energy Value Chain, delivering quality power at competitive cost and creating superior value for all stake holders"

Thank You

Contact: GOPAL LAL SOMANI


Mobile : 91 8800988699 27th January, 2012

KVK Energy