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CHAPTER 1

FUNCTIONS PAPER 1

FORM 4

1.

Diagram 1 shows the relation between set A and set B.


p q r Set A 2 4 6 8 Set B

Diagram 1 State the range of the relation, the type of the relation. [2 marks] 2.
R = {a, b, c} S = {b, d , f , h, j}

3.

Based on the above information, the relation between R and S is defined by the set of ordered pairs {(a, b), (a, d ), (b, f ), (b, h)} . State the images of a the object of b [2 marks] Diagram 2 shows the linear function g .
x 0 2 4 6 g(x) -2 0 k 4

Diagram 2 (a) State the value of k. (b) Using the function notation, express g in terms of x. [2 marks] 4. Diagram 3 shows the function g : x x
x+k , x 0 where k is a constant. x
x +k x

3
1 2

Diagram 3 Find the value of k. 1

CHAPTER 1 5. 6. Given the function


g : x x + , 1

FUNCTIONS find the value of x such that g ( x) = 2 .


f ( x ) = 2 x 6

FORM 4 [2 marks] [2 marks]

Diagram 5 shows the graph of the function f(x) 6

for domain 0 x 4 .

Diagram 5 State (a) the value of t, (b) the range of f(x) corresponding to the given domain. [3 marks] 7. Given the function f ( x) = 2 x +1 and g ( x ) = 3 kx , find (a) f (2) (b) the value of k such that gf ( 2) = 7 [3 marks] 8. The following information is about the function g and the composite function g 2 .
g : x a bx

, where a and b are constant and b > 0

g 2 : x 9x + 8

Find the value of a and b. [3 marks] 9. Given the function f ( x) =


1 , 2x x 0 and the composite function fg ( x) = 4 x .

Find (a) g ( x) (b) the value of x when gf ( x) = 2 [4 marks] 10 . The function h is defined as h( x) = Find (a) h 1 ( x) (b) h 1 ( 2) 11
7 , 3+x x 3 .

[3 marks] Diagram 9 shows the function f maps x to y and the function g maps y to z. 2

CHAPTER 1 . x 5

FUNCTIONS f g

FORM 4

z 4

Determine (a) f 1 (1) (b) gf (5) 12 .

[2 marks] The following information refers to the function f and g.


f : x 5 x +1 g : x x 3

Find f 13 .

g ( x) .

[3 marks] Given the function g : x 3x h and g 1 : x kx , where h and k are constants. Find the value of h and of k. [3marks] 14 . Given the function h( x) = 3 x +1 and g ( x ) = (a) h 1 (7) (b) gh 1 ( x ) [4 marks] 15 . Given the function f : x 3 x 2 and g : x 2 x 2 3 . Find (a) f 1 ( 4) (b) gf ( x) [4 marks]
x . Find 3

1 2

ANSWER (PAPER 1) 1 (a)

{4, 8}

1 3

CHAPTER 1 (b) 2 (a) (b) 3 (a) (b) 4 many-to-one b , d a


k =2
g ( x) = x 2

FUNCTIONS

FORM 4 1 1 1 1 1

1 +k 1 2 g = =3 1 2 2
k =1

1 or ( x +1) = 2
x = 3

x +1 = 2
x =1

1 1 1

6 (a)

When f ( x ) = 0 , 2 x 6 = 0
x =3
t =3

1 1 1

(b) 7 (a) (b)

Range : (a) (b)

0 f ( x) 6

f ( 2) = 5 g (5) = 7 3 k (5) = 7

1 1 1

k =2

g 2 ( x ) = a b( a bx )

= a ab + b 2 x b2 = 9 b =3

and

a ab = 8 a = 4

1 1 1

9 (a)

1 = 4x 2 g ( x) 1 g ( x) = , 8x

x0

1 1

(b)

1 =2 1 8 x 2 1 x= 8

1 4

CHAPTER 1 10 (a)
x= 7 3 y

FUNCTIONS

FORM 4 1 1 1 1 1

(b) 11 (a) (b) 12

7 3 , x 0 x 1 h 1 ( 2) = 2 h 1 ( x ) =

5 4
x= y 1 5

1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1

13.

14. (a)

(b)

15 (a)

( x 3) 1 5 x 4 = 5 y +h x= 3 1 k= 3 3 h = 2 y 1 x= 3 7 1 h 1 (7) = =2 3 x 1 gh 1 ( x ) = 3 3 x 1 = 9 y +2 x= 3 f
1

g ( x) =

1 1 1 1 1 1

( 4) = 2

(b)

gf ( x) = 2(3 x 2) 2 3

= 18 x 2 24 x + 5