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BEAUFORT WINDSCALE

Beaufort Windscale - on Land


Force

mile 1

m 1609.34

mph 1

km/h 1.6093

km/h 1

m/s 0.2778

Cyclone Tracy Cyclone Olivia Cyclone Vance

1974 1996 1999

217 km/h 250 km/h 267 km/h

NT WA WA

Beaufort Windscale - at sea


Force Calm Light Air Light Breeze Gentle Breeze Moderate Breeze Fresh Breeze Strong Breeze Near Gale Gale Strong Gale Storm Violent Storm Hurricane 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 km/hr 108.0 111.6 115.2 118.8 122.4 cyclonic m/s N1 N2 N3 26 26 32 m/s 35 36 37 38 39 Vzs km/hr 93.6 93.6 115.2 m/s 28 33 41 knots 1 4 7 11 17 22 28 34 41 48 56 67 1 3 6 10 16 21 27 33 40 47 55 65 over km/hr 126.0 129.6 133.2 136.8 140.4 wave height ft. mean max. 0.25 0.5 2 3.5 6 13.5 18 23 25 29 37 45 3 6 10 18 24 30 33 40 50 60 wave height [m] mean max. 0.076 0.152 0.610 1.067 1.829 4.115 5.486 7.010 7.620 8.839 11.278 13.716 Sea Conditions

Wind Speeds
m/s 30 31 32 33 34

SA M

0.914 1.829 3.048 5.486 7.315 9.144 10.058 12.192 15.240 18.288

Sea Like a Mirror Ripples with the appearance of scales formed but without foam crests Small Wavelets, still short but pronounced crests, have a glassy appearance and do not break Large wavelets. Crests begin to break. Foam of glassy appearance Small waves, becoming longer; fairly frequent white horses. Moderate waves. Taking a more pronounced long form;many white horses are formed. Chance of some spray. Large waves begin to form; white foam crests are more extensive everywhere. Probably some spray. Sea heaps up with white foam from breaking waves Moderately high waves of greater length;much foam High waves. Dense streaks of foam along the direction of the wind. Very high waves with long overhanging crests. Visibility affected Exceptionally high waves. Visibility seriously affected The air is filled with foam and spray. Visibility very seriously affected. m/s 50 51 52 53 54 km/hr 180.0 183.6 187.2 190.8 194.4 m/s 55 56 57 58 59 km/hr 198.0 201.6 205.2 208.8 212.4 Vzs m/s N4 N5 N6 C2 C3 C4 39 47 55 km/hr 140.4 169.2 198 m/s 50 60 70 m/s 60 61 62 63 64 km/hr 216.0 219.6 223.2 226.8 230.4 Vzp km/hr 180 216 252 m/s 61 74 86 m/s 65 66 67 68 69 km/hr 234.0 237.6 241.2 244.8 248.4 Vzu km/hr 219.6 266.4 309.6 m/s 70 71 72 73 74 km/hr 252.0 255.6 259.2 262.8 266.4

m/s

40 41 42 43 44

km/hr 144.0 147.6 151.2 154.8 158.4

m/s

45 46 47 48 49

AS4055
non-cyclonic

Vzp km/hr 100.8 118.8 147.6 m/s

Vzu 34 40 50 km/hr 122.4 144.0 180.0

C1

PL E

km/hr 162.0 165.6 169.2 172.8 176.4

non-cyc' cyclonic

O N

Light Light Light Gentle Moderate Fresh Strong Strong Gale Gale Storm Violent Storm Hurricane

Speeds Ranges For Each Scale mph km/h m/s Lower Upper Lower Upper Lower Upper 0 1 1.61 0.45 1 1 3 1.61 4.83 0.45 1.34 2 4 7 6.44 11.27 1.79 3.13 3 8 12 12.87 19.31 3.58 5.36 4 13 18 20.92 28.97 5.81 8.05 5 19 24 30.58 38.62 8.49 10.73 6 25 31 40.23 49.89 11.18 13.86 7 32 38 51.50 61.16 14.31 16.99 8 39 46 62.76 74.03 17.43 20.56 9 47 54 75.64 86.90 21.01 24.14 10 55 63 88.51 101.39 24.59 28.16 11 64 72 103.00 115.87 28.61 32.19 12 72 over 115.87 32.19

Smoke Rises Vertically Direction of Wind shown by smoke drift. But not by ordinary wind vanes Wind felt on face.Leaves Rustle.Ordinary Wind Vane Moves Leavses and Small Twigs in constant Motion wind extents light flags raises dust and loose paper; small branches move Small trees in leaf begin to sway; small crested waves on inland waters Large Branches in Motion;Telephone wires whistle;Umbrellas difficult. Whole trees in motion; inconvenience in walking against the wind Twigs break of trees; progress generally impeded Slight Structural Damages; Tiles or Slates go Trees uprooted; roofs damaged. Other Structural Damage Wide Spread Damage Damage to 'Disaster' scale

Flag limp

LY

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