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The Energy Flows Through Us

GAS LIFT SYSTEMS


iNTERNATiONAL LiFT sysTEms

Lufkin Industries: The Leader in Artificial Lift Oilfield Equipment & Services
Founded in 1902, Lufkin Industries, Inc. (NASDAQ: LUFK) is a vertically integrated company that designs, engineers, manufactures, sells, installs and services high-quality and high-value-added oilfield equipment and power transmission products across the globe. Additionally, the Company operates a gray and ductile iron foundry producing up to 300 tons per day of captive and commercial castings for the heavy equipment, valve and machine tool markets. Lufkins Oilfield Division is a leading global provider of artificial lift equipment and services to the upstream sector of the oil and gas industry. The divisions product lines consist of Beam and Hydraulic Pumping Units, Gas Lift, Plunger Lift, Completion Components and Automation. Lufkins International Lift Systems (ILS) product line manufactures and supports a complete portfolio of gas lift products, which includes tubing and wireline retrievable valves, mandrels and accessories. In addition to gas lift, Lufkin ILS offers a complete line of plunger lift, waterflood, chemical injection, packoff and insert string equipment. Lufkins well-established position in the major oil producing areas of the world has enabled the Company to maintain its presence in all major markets.

GAS LIFT SYSTEMS


CONTENTS
4 5 6 Quality Standards Health, Safety and Environment Gas Lift Applications

10 Gas Lift SystemsProducts 11 Wireline Retrievable Mandrels, Valves and Latches 11 12 14 15 16 17 18 20 21 22 Side Pocket Mandrels Machined/Forged Pocket Oval Body Configuration Machined Pocket Round Body Configuration Solid Body Round Configuration Valves Injection Pressure Operated Valves (IPO) Production Pressure Operated Valves (PPO) ROV Orifice Valve Dummy Valves Wireline Retrievable Gas Lift Latches

24 Tubing Retrievable (Conventional) Mandrels and Valves 25 25 26 27 27 28 Mandrels Conventional Mandrels Concentric Mandrels Valves Conventional Valves Conventional Check Valves

29 Special Applications 30 32 Waterflood Chemical Injection Valves

33 Training 34 Service 35 Well Optimization Design Data Sheet

QUALIT Y

Because of our confidence in the quality process, Lufkin is able make this promise:

We will provide you with timely delivery of quality products and services that meet or exceed all requirements.

Meet i ng and E xc eedi ng Qu al i ty Standar ds


As part of Lufkins effort to ensure quality within our products, we regularly review our processes and procedures to maintain current quality standards. We utilize our experience in sales, operations, engineering and manufacturing to ensure every product we manufacture delivers high performance-based quality results. Additionally, we keep up with the latest regulatory compliance across our global enterprise to ensure our product quality meets your needs, regardless of location.

M anuf act uring Accredit at ions :


We manufacture to the leading standards and specifications in the industry. Please refer to www.lufkin.com/quality for a complete list of accreditations and standards that we maintain.

Gas Lift Systems

HEALTH,S AFET Y AND ENVIRONMENT

U nparal l e led HSE Com m i t m ent


Safety is an integral part of the planning and execution of every job. HSE is an inseparable component within our manufacturing and quality programs to insure efficient operations. Committed management along with a conscientious, well-trained workforce combine to make our organization a safe and efficient work place. Lufkins in-house and industry-wide HSE program participation further solidifies our commitment. Our HSE program and organizational involvement includes: HALO (Hazard Awareness through Line Observation) Lufkins Behavior Based Safety (BBS) program Job Safety Analysis (JSA) and Standard Operating Procedure (SOP) development using Process Picture Mapping (PPM) techniques Active Membership and Participation in: NSC (National Safety Council) ASSE (American Society of Safety Engineers) ACGIH (American Council of Governmental Industrial Hygienists) COPS (California Oil Producers) STEPS (South Texas Exploration and Production Safety) network ISNetworld PEC/Premier SafeLand SafeGulf

Gas Lift Systems

G A S L IF T

Continuous Gas Lift Tubular Flow

Gas is injected continuously into the annulus. The gas travels down the annulus, regulated through a gas lift valve and into the fluid column inside the tubing in the well. The injected gas reduces the density of the fluid to a point where the reservoir pressure can push it to the production facility. This application is suited for most any well requiring artificial lift where a supply of pressurized gas is available.

Continuous Gas Lift Annular Flow

Gas is injected into the production tubing, which travels down the tubing, regulated through a gas lift valve and into the fluid column in the annulus. The injected gas reduces the density of the fluid to a point so that maximum flow is realized from the reservoir. This application is best suited for wells that have a reservoir pressure that will support fluid to surface, have a high PI, low GLR and are tubing size limited. The larger flow area will allow higher fluid rates to be produced.

Gas Lift Systems

A pplic at ions

Intermittent Gas Lift

Intermittently, high volumes of gas are injected into the annulus of the well. The injected gas travels down the annulus, regulated through a large ported or pilot gas lift valve under the accumulated fluid column, which is quickly displaced to the surface. The goal is to produce the well at the actual rate that the fluid enters the wellbore from the reservoir. This application is best for wells that produce low volumes due to low BHP or low PI.

Gas Lift Chamber Lift System

Intermittently, high volumes of gas are injected into the annulus of the well. The injected gas travels down the annulus, regulated through a gas lift valve and displaces the fluid in an accumulation chamber and the tubing. The accumulation chamber allows for the capture of more fluid than tubing alone and increases the volume of liquid produced each cycle. This application is best for wells with low BHP and high PI.

Gas Lift Systems

G A S L IF T

Dual Well Gas Lift

Gas is injected continuously into a common annulus. The gas travels down the annulus, regulated through gas lift valves and into the fluid column inside dual tubing strings in the well. This application is for wells that have more than one reservoir, which has to be produced independently of each other.

Gas Lift Side String Injection


Gas is injected down the side string, which runs parallel to the production tubing and communicated with the gas lift mandrel in installation. The injected gas travels down the side string, regulated through a gas lift valve and into the fluid column inside the tubing. The purpose of this application is to isolate the annulus from gas injection pressure. This application is best for wells with damaged casing and wells where gas has to be vented up the annular area.

Gas Lift Systems

A pplic at ions

Chemical Injection

Treatment chemicals are pumped downhole into the produced fluids of a well to control harmful deposits. A chemical injection line may be run from the chemical injection mandrel to the surface to act as a conduit for the treatment fluids. A high-pressure pump installed at the surface is used to pump the treatment fluid downhole. This application is best for preventing corrosive degradation.

Waterflood Injection

Water is pumped into the tubing. The water travels down the tubing and is regulated into each zone being flooded. With waterflood regulators, multiple zones can be flooded with a single wellbore. Waterflood is used to maintain or increase reservoir pressure in zones that oil production has or is expected to decline.

Gas Lift Systems

W IRE L INE RE T RIE VA BL E PRODUC T S


Our portfolio of Wireline Retrievable gas lift products include:
Side Pocket Mandrels Wireline Retrievable Valves Wireline Retrievable Latches

WireLine retrievabLe
10

Gas Lift Systems

Mandrel Selection Guide


Rated Test Pressures Tubing Size in/mm Mandrel Mandrel Pocket I.D. Body in/mm Design Mandrel Type Major O.D. in/mm 4.250 / 108.0 4.500 / 114.3 / / / / 104.8 114.3 97.8 95.3 1.901 / 48.3 11,500 13,500 6,000 6,000 / / / / 792.9 11,500 / 792.9 9,500 / 655.0 930.2 13,500 / 930.2 12,000 / 827.4 413.7 3,600 / 248.2 5,000 / 344.7 413.7 4,750 / 327.5 5,000 / 344.7 6,000 / 413.7 6,000 / 413.7 Minor O.D. in/mm 2.910 / 73.9 8,000 / 551.5 6,000 / 413.7 6,000 / 413.7 Standard Service Internal Test External Test psi/bars psi/bars Sour Service Internal Test External Test psi/bars psi/bars 4,000 / 275.8 5,000 4,000 5,000 9,500 11,000 3,300 4,000 / / / / / / / 344.7 275.8 344.7 655.0 758.4 227.5 275.8

Drift in/mm

1.000 / 25.4 2.375 / 60.3

SPMO-1NO SPMO-1 Oval SPFO-1 SPMO-1CI SPFO-1CI SPR-1 SPR-1H Round SPR-1U Oval

1.500 / 38.1

Oval 1.000 / 25.4 Round

2.875 / 73.0

1.500 / 38.1

Oval

Round

Oval 1.000 / 25.4 Round 3.500 / 88.9 Oval 1.500 / 38.1 Round Oval 1.000 / 25.4 Round 4.500 / 114.3 Oval 1.500 / 38.1 Round

Oval

5.500 / 39.7

1.500 / 38.1 Round

4.125 4.500 3.850 SPR-1U2NO 3.750 SPMO-2NO 4.750 SPMO-2 SPMO-1NO SPMO-1 SPFO-1 4.750 SPMO-1CI SPFO-1CI SPR-1H 5.000 SPR-1 4.750 SPR-1CI 5.250 SPR-1U 4.500 SPMO-2NO SPMO-2 SPMO-2WF 5.500 SPFO-2 SPFO-2WF SPR-2 5.500 SPMO-1NO SPMO-1 5.313 SPFO-1 SPMO-1CI SPFO-1CI SPR-1H 5.750 SPR-1 5.500 SPR-1CI 6.000 SPMO-2NO SPMO-2 5.968 SPMO-2WF SPFO-2 SPR-2 5.968 SPR-2CI 6.438 SPR-2U 5.800 SPMO-1 6.410 SPFO-1 6.437 SPR-1 6.625 SPR-1U 6.375 SPR-1U2 5.984 SPR-1A 6.125 SPR-1ACI 6.625 SPMO-2 7.031 SPFO-2 SPR-2 7.031 SBR-2 SPR-2CI 7.531 SBR-2CI SPMO-2 7.938 SPFO-2 SPR-2 7.740 SBR-2 SPR-2A 7.875 SBR-2A SPR-2CI 8.240 SBR-2CI SPR-2ACI 8.375 SBR-2ACI

/ 120.7 4.000 / 101.6 4.000 / 101.6 / 120.7

8,000 / 551.5

4,000 / 275.8 4,000 / 275.8

8,000 / 551.5

6,000 / 413.7

6,000 / 413.7

/ / / /

127.0 120.7 133.4 114.3

2.347 / 59.6

13,500 11,000 11,000 9,700

/ / / /

930.8 13,500 / 930.8 12,000 / 827.4 758.4 9,000 / 620.5 9,000 / 620.5 758.4 9,000 / 620.5 9,000 / 620.5 668.8 6,300 / 434.4 7,800 / 537.8

5,000 4,000 4,750 11,000 7,500 7,500 5,500

/ / / / / / /

344.7 275.8 327.5 758.4 517.1 517.1 379.2

8,000 / 551.5 / 139.7 4.593 / 116.7 7,500 / 517.1 / 139.7 4.125 / 104.8 / 135.0 11500 / 792.9 8,000 / 551.5 7,000 8,000 7,000 13,500 11,000 11,000 / / / / / / 9,500 / 655.0 6,000 / 413.7 9,500 / 655.0 6,000 / 413.7 6,000 / 413.7

4,000 / 275.8 4,750 / 327.5 8,000 / 551.5 4,000 / 275.8 4,500 4,000 4,500 11,000 8,000 8,000 / / / / / / 310.3 275.8 310.3 758.4 551.5 551.5

/ 146.1 / 139.7 / 152.4

2.867 / 72.7

482.6 5,500 / 379.2 6,000 / 413.7 551.5 6,000 / 413.7 482.6 5,500 / 379.2 930.8 13,500 / 930.8 12,000 / 827.4 758.4 9,000 / 620.5 9,000 / 620.5 758.4 9,000 / 620.5 9,000 / 620.5 6,000 / 413.7 6,000 / 413.7

/ 151.6 5.000 / 127.0 / / / / / / / / / / 150.8 163.5 147.3 162.8 5.500 / 139.7 163.5 168.3 161.9 152.0 155.6 168.3 3.833 / 97.4

8,000 / 551.5 12,000 12,000 11,000 7,000 7,500 12,000 10,000 8,000 9,000 9,000 / / / / / / / / / /

4,000 / 275.8 5,500 9,500 9,500 8,500 4,000 4,750 8,500 8,000 5,000 5,500 5,500 / / / / / / / / / / / 379.2 655.0 655.0 586.1 275.8 327.5 586.1 551.5 344.7 379.2 379.2

6,500 / 448.2 7,000 / 482.6 827.4 11,000 / 758.4 10,000 / 689.5 827.4 11,000 / 758.4 10,000 / 689.5 758.4 10,000 / 689.5 9,000 / 620.5 482.6 5,000 / 344.7 6,000 / 413.7 517.1 6,000 / 413.7 827.4 10,000 / 689.5 9,500 / 655.0 689.5 8,500 / 586.1 9,000 / 620.5 551.5 5,500 / 379.2 6,000 / 413.7 620.5 6,000 / 413.7 7,200 / 496.4 620.5 6,000 / 413.7 7,200 / 496.4 6,000 / 413.7 6,000 / 413.7

/ 178.6 6.080 / 154.4 / 178.6 / 191.3 / 201.6 6.812 / 173.0 / 196.6 / 200.0 / 209.3 / 212.3

7,500 / 517.1

5,000 / 344.7

11,500 / 792.9 7,500 / 517.1 8,500 / 586.1 10,000 / 689.5 4.653 / 118.2 10,750 / 741.2 10,000 / 689.5 10,750 / 741.2

11,500 / 792.9 6,000 / 413.7 7,000 / 482.6 9,000 / 620.5 9,100 / 627.4 9,000 / 620.5 9,100 / 627.4

9,000 / 620.5 6,000 / 413.7 6,500 / 448.2 8,500 / 586.1 9,000 / 620.5 8,500 / 586.1 9,000 / 620.5

9,000 / 620.5 5,000 / 344.7 5,500 / 379.2 7,500 / 517.1 7,800 / 537.8 7,500 / 517.1 7,800 / 537.8

Gas Lift Systems

11

W IRE L INE RE T RIE VA BL E


Machined/Forged Pocket - Oval Body Configuration
Lufkins oval body mandrel configuration is designed to provide a full opening tubing drift while receiving any manufactures 1" or 1-1/2" O.D. gas lift valves. These mandrels feature an orienting sleeve and tool guard above the pocket area. The orienting sleeve allows you an option to use a positive orienting kickover tool to run or retrieve valves. Tool guards are in place to deflect and protect the valve latch.
Complete material and testing traceability Mandrels are constructed of AISI 4130 or 13CR material These mandrels are designed to run in both single and dual completions
Rated Test Pressures Tubing Mandrel Mandrel Size Pocket I.D. Body in/mm in/mm Design Major O.D. in/mm 4.250 108 Minor O.D. in/mm 2.910 73.9 1.901 48.3 4.500 114.3 8,000 551.5 6,000 413.7 6,000 413.7 Standard Service Sour Service Internal External Internal External Drift Test Test Test Test in/mm psi/bars psi/bars psi/bars psi/bars 4,000 275.8 5,000 344.7 4,000 275.8 5,000 344.7 1.901 48.3 8,000 551.5 6,000 413.7 6,000 413.7 4,000 275.8 4,000 275.8 2.347 59.6 8,000 551.5 6,000 413.7 6,000 413.7 5,000 344.7 4,000 275.8 8,000 551.5 7,500 517.1 4.125 104.8 5.313 135.0 2.867 72.7 8,000 551.5 7,000 482.6 8,000 517.1 7,000 482.6 6,000 413.7 5,500 379.2 6,000 413.7 5,500 379.2 6,000 413.7 6,500 448.2 7.031 178.6 6.080 154.4 3.833 97.4 7,500 517.1 7,500 517.1 8,500 586.1 6,000 413.7 6,000 413.7 7,000 482.6 6,000 413.7 7,000 482.6 6,000 413.7 6,000 413.7 6,500 448.2 6,000 413.7 4,000 275.8 5,000 344.7 4,000 275.8 4,500 310.3 4,000 275.8 4,500 310.3 4,000 275.8 5,500 379.2 5,000 344.7 5,000 344.7 5,500 379.2

Mandrel Type SPMO-1NO SPMO-1

2.375 60.3

1.000 25.4

Oval

SPFO-1 SPMO-1CI SPFO-1CI

1.500 38.1

Oval

SPMO-2NO SPMO-2 SPMO-1NO SPMO-1

4.750 120.7

4.000 101.6

1.000 25.4 2.875 73.0

Oval

SPFO-1 SPMO-1CI SPFO-1CI SPMO-2NO

4.750 120.7

4.000 101.6

1.500 38.1

SPMO-2 Oval SPMO-2WF SPFO-2 SPFO-2WF SPMO-1NO SPMO-1

5.500 139.7

4.593 116.7

2.347 59.6

6,000 413.7

6,000 413.7

1.000 25.4 3.500 88.9

Oval

SPFO-1 SPMO-1CI SPFO-1CI SPMO-2NO

1.500 38.1

SPMO-2 Oval SPMO-2WF SPFO-2 SPMO-2 Oval SPFO-2 SPMO-2 Oval SPFO-2

5.968 151.6

5.000 127

2.867 72.7

8,000 551.5

4.500 114.3

1.500 38.1

5.500 139.7

1.500 38.1

7.938 201.6

6.812 173

4.653 118.2

12

Gas Lift Systems

Side Poc ke t Mandrels

SPMO-1CI

SPFO-1

SPMO-1

SPMO-1WF

Gas Lift Systems

13

WIRELINE RETRIEVABLE
Machined Pocket - Round Body Configuration
SPR-1

Lufkins round body mandrel configuration is designed to provide a full opening tubing drift while receiving any manufactures 1" or 1-1/2" O.D. gas lift valves. These mandrels feature an orienting sleeve and tool guard above the pocket area. The orienting sleeve allows you an option to use a positive orienting kickover tool to run or retrieve valves. Tool guards are in place to deflect and protect the valve latch.
Complete material and testing traceability Mandrels are constructed of AISI 4130, 13CR, 9CR, 718, or Incoloy 925 material The round body mandrels are designed to be run in high-pressure well applications and slimhole completions Pressure ratings range from 3,300 psi to 13,500 psi (burst & collapse) depending on material and well application
Mandrel Tubing Size Pocket I.D. Mandrel in/mm in/mm Body Design Rated Test Pressures Standard Service Sour Service Mandrel Type SPR-1 2.375 60.3 1.000 25.4 Round SPR-1H SPR-1U SPR-1U2NO SPR-1H 2.875 73.0 1.000 25.4 Round SPR-1 SPR-1CI SPR-1U 1.500 38.1 1.000 25.4 3.500 88.9 1.500 38.1 Round Round SPR-2 SPR-1H Round SPR-1 SPR-1CI SPR-2 SPR-2CI SPR-2U SPR-1 SPR-1U 4.500 114.3 1.000 25.4 Round SPR-1U2 SPR-1A SPR-1ACI 1.500 38.1 Round SPR-2 SPR-2CI SPR-2 5.500 139.7 1.500 38.1 Round SPR-2A SPR-2CI SPR-2ACI Major O.D. Drift Internal Test External Test Internal Test External Test psi/bars psi/bars psi/bars in/mm in/mm psi/bars
4.125 104.8 4.500 114.3 3.850 97.8 3.750 95.3 5.000 127.0 4.750 120.7 5.250 133.4 4.500 114.3 5.500 139.7 5.750 146.1 5.500 139.7 6.000 152.4 5.968 150.8 6.438 163.5 5.800 147.3 6.625 168.3 6.375 161.9 5.984 152.0 6.125 155.6 6.625 168.3 7.031 178.6 7.531 191.3 7.740 196.6 7.875 200.0 8.240 209.3 8.375 212.3 11,500 792.9 13,500 930.2 6,000 413.7 6,000 413.7 13,500 930.8 11,000 758.4 11,000 758.4 9700 668.8 11,500 792.9 13,500 930.8 11,000 758.4 11,000 758.4 12,000 827.4 12,000 827.4 11,000 758.4 12,000 827.4 10,000 689.5 8,000 551.5 9,000 620.5 9,000 620.5 11,500 792.9 10,000 689.5 10,750 741.2 10,000 689.5 10,750 741.2 11,500 792.9 13,500 930.2 3,600 248.2 4,750 327.5 13,500 930.8 9,000 620.5 9,000 620.5 6,300 434.4 9,500 655 13,500 930.8 9,000 620.5 9,000 620.5 11,000 758.4 11,000 758.4 10,000 689.5 10,000 689.5 8,500 586.1 5,500 379.2 6,000 413.7 6,000 413.7 11,500 723.9 9,000 620.5 9,100 627.4 9,000 620.5 9,100 627.4 9,500 655 12,000 827.4 5,000 344.7 5,000 344.7 12,000 827.4 9,000 620.5 9,000 620.5 7,800 537.8 9,500 655 12,000 827.4 9,000 620.5 9,000 620.5 10,000 689.5 10,000 689.5 9,000 620.5 9,500 655 9,000 620.5 6,000 413.7 7,200 496.4 7,200 496.4 9,000 620.5 8,500 586.1 9,000 620.5 8,500 586.1 9,000 620.5 9,500 655 11,000 758.4 3,300 227.5 4,000 275.8 11,000 758.4 7,500 517.1 7,500 517.1 5,500 379.2 8,000 551.5 11,000 758.4 8,000 551.5 8,000 551.5 9,500 655.0 9,500 655.0 8,500 586.1 8,500 586.1 8,000 551.5 5,000 344.7 5,500 344.7 5,500 344.7 9,000 620.5 7,500 517.1 7,800 537.8 7,500 517.1 7,800 537.8

1.901 48.3

2.347 59.6

2.347 59.6 2.867 72.7

2.867 72.7

3.833 97.4

3.833 97.4

4.653 118.2

14

Gas Lift Systems

Side Poc ke t Mandr els


Solid Body Round Configuration
Lufkins solid round body mandrel configuration is designed to provide a full opening tubing drift while receiving any manufactures 1" or 1-1/2" O.D. gas lift valves. These mandrels feature an orienting sleeve and tool guard above the pocket area. The orienting sleeve allows you an option to use a positive orienting kickover tool to run or retrieve valves. Tool guards are in place to deflect and protect the valve latch.
Complete material and testing traceability Mandrels are constructed of AISI 4130, 13CR, 9CR, 718, or Incoloy 925 material Solid body mandrels are designed to be used in high-pressure well applications and deepwater completions These mandrels are manufactured from solid bar stock material, which gives them superior strength and corrosion resistance The solid body configuration allows slotting for the bypass of lines and flat packs for monitoring, flow control and chemical injection Additional sizes are available for all standard tubing sizes
Rated Test Pressures Standard Service Sour Service Tubing Mandrel Mandrel Major Size Pocket I.D. Body Mandrel O.D. Drift Internal Test External Test Internal Test External Test in/mm in/mm Design Type in/mm in/mm psi/bars psi/bars psi/bars psi/bars 4.500 114.3 1.500 38.1 SBR-2 Round SBR-2CI SBR-2 SBR-2A Round SBR-2CI
SBR-2ACI

SBR-2

7.031 178.6 7.531 191.3 7.740 196.6 7.875 200.0 8.240 209.3 8.375 212.3

3.833 97.4

11,500 792.9 10,000 689.5

11,500 723.9 9,000 620.5 9,100 627.4 9,000 620.5 9,100 627.4

9,000 620.5 8,500 586.1 9,000 620.5 8,500 586.1 9,000 620.5

9,000 620.5 7,500 517.1 7,800 537.8 7,500 517.1 7,800 537.8

5.500 139.7

1.500 38.1

4.653 118.2

10,750 741.2 10,000 689.5 10,750 741.2

Gas Lift Systems

15

WIRELINE RETRIEVABLE
Gas Lift Design Plot
Gas lift valves are utilized to control the flow of injected gas to artificially lift the well. The spacing of the valves in the tubing is based on well parameters and determined during the well analysis and equipment design. Lufkin offers expert advice and design to optimize the production of your well. Submit a Well Optimization Design Data Sheet on page 35 for a complete evaluation from one of our design engineers. Lufkins wireline retrievable gas lift valves are constructed from stainless steel, monel or CRA materials and come in various sizes and configurations.
International Lift Systems COMPANY Well FIELD Lease 400 : LUFKIN : ILS #1 : : 800 DATE : BY : FILE : DESIGN PRO EX.bot Pressure (psi) 1200 1600 110

2000

2400

2800

1000

2000

1900

135

2700 3000 3200 3700 4000 4200 4700 5000 5200 5700 6000 Perfs 6000

145 151 156 161 165 168 170 170 SBHP 2500

TVD (ft)

7000

8000 110 PWH=250 Rate=300 GLR=1600 WC=0.9 PWH=250 Rate=1000 GLR=500 WC=0.9 PWH=250 Rate=500 GLR=1000 WC=0.9 KOP 5900' 130 150 170 Temperature (deg F) 190

16

Gas Lift Systems

Val ve s
Injection Pressure Operated Valves (IPO)
RIPO-1.0 | RIPO-1.5 | RIPO-1.0BL
The RIPO is a wireline retrievable injection pressure operated gas lift valve that comes in 1" or 1-1/2" O.D. This valve is primarily controlled by injection gas pressure. The valve is used to control gas pressure and its flow from the casing annulus into the tubing during gas lift operations. The valve is installed in side pocket mandrels. The valve is designed with a sealed chamber, including a bellows assembly that contains a nitrogen charge over dampening fluid. The bellows serves as an interface between the dome pressure and injection gas pressure. The dome charge provides the closing force of the valve. When injection gas pressure exceeds the closing force, the bellows compress, lifting the valve stem off the seat, allowing gas to be injected through the valve and into the tubing. The RIPO valve consists of a tail plug, upper packing, bellows assembly with valve core and bellows, bellows housing, stem with tungsten carbide ball, seat housing, floating seat, lower packing, lower packing retainer, and nose with reverse flow check dart with optional choke sizes. The valve is constructed of premium materials for corrosion resistance in wells with high concentrations of H2S and/or CO2 . Packing and elastomeric materials for the valve are available for standard and special service.
RIPO-1.0

Fe ature s :
Stainless steel or premium materials Three-ply monel bellows Mechanical stop prevents bellows overstroke. Viscous fluid shear dampening prevents bellows fatigue and stem pounding Tungsten carbide ball and stem assembly Replaceable floating monel seat (tungsten carbide seat available) Integral reverse flow check valve Silver brazed bellows connections Compatible with other manufacturers side pocket mandrels Bottom latch option available (RIPO-1.0BL)
Valve Type Valve O.D. Ab Effective Bellows Area (sq in) Port Size 1/8 RIPO-1.0 RIPO-1.0BL* 5/32 1" 0.31 3/16 1/4 5/16 3/16 1/4 RIPO - 1.5 1-1/2" 0.77 5/16 3/8 7/16 *BL - Integral Bottom Latch PPEF - Production Pressure Effect Factor Ap Area of Port .013 .019 .028 .049 .076 .029 .051 .079 .113 .154 Ap/Ab R .040 .061 .091 .158 .245 .038 .067 .104 .148 .201 1-(Ap/Ab) (1-R) .960 .939 .910 .842 .755 .962 .933 .896 .852 .799 PPEF Ap/Ab 1-(Ap/Ab) .041 .065 .099 .188 .325 .040 .072 .116 .174 .252

Gas Lift Systems

17

WIRELINE RETRIEVABLE
Production Pressure Operated Valves (PPO)
RPPO

RPPO-1.0 | RPPO-1.5
The RPPO-1.0 wireline retrievable production pressure operated gas lift valve is a 1" O.D. valve primarily controlled by production fluid pressure. The valve is used to control gas pressure and its flow from the casing annulus into the tubing during gas lift operations. The valve is installed in side pocket mandrels. The valve is designed with a sealed chamber, including a bellows assembly that contains an adjustable power spring. The bellows serves as an interface between the power spring and production pressure. The power spring provides the closing force of the valve. When production fluid pressure exceeds the closing force, the bellows compress, lifting the valve stem off the seat, allowing gas to be injected through the valve and into the tubing. The RPPO-1.0 valve consists of a tail plug, dome bushing, bellows sub-assembly with bellows, power spring, adjusting screw, stem sub-assembly with tungsten carbide ball, seat housing, crossover, lower packing body, packing retainer, reverse flow check dart and nose. The valve is constructed of premium materials for corrosion resistance in wells with high concentrations of H2S and/or CO2 . Packing and elastomeric materials for the valve are available for standard and special service.

Features:
Stainless steel or premium materials High pressure bellows protection Three-ply Monel bellows Mechanical stop prevents bellows overstroke Viscous fluid shear dampening helps prevent bellows fatigue and reduces stem pounding Tungsten carbide ball and stem assembly Replaceable floating Monel seats (tungsten carbide seat available) Integral reverse flow check valve Silver brazed bellows connections Compatible with other manufacturers side pocket mandrels
Ab Effective Bellows Area (sq in) IPEF Ap/Ab 1-(Ap/Ab) 0.043 0.071 0.104 0.197 0.040 0.071 0.115 0.172

Valve Type

Valve O.D.

Port Size 1/8" 5/32" 3/16" 1/4" 3/16" 1/4" 5/16" 3/8"

Ap Area of Port 0.013 0.020 0.029 0.051 0.029 0.051 0.079 0.113

Ap/Ab R 0.042 0.066 0.094 0.165 0.038 0.066 0.103 0.147

1-(Ap/Ab) (1-R) 0.958 0.934 0.906 0.835 0.962 0.934 0.897 0.853

RPPO-1.0

1"

0.31

RPPO-1.5

1-1/2"

0.77

* BL - Nitrogen Charged with Integral Bottom Latch IPEF - Injection pressure effect factor

18

Gas Lift Systems

Val ve s

RPPO-1.0BL
The RPPO-1.0BL wireline retrievable production pressure operated gas lift valve is a bottom latch, 1" O.D. valve primarily controlled by production fluid pressure. The valve is used to control gas pressure and its flow from the casing annulus into the tubing during gas lift operations. The valve is installed in side pocket mandrels. The valve is designed with a sealed chamber, including a bellows assembly that contains a nitrogen charge over dampening fluid. The bellows serves as an interface between the dome pressure and production fluid pressure. The dome charge provides the closing force of the valve. When production fluid pressure exceeds the closing force, the bellows compress, lifting the valve stem off the seat, allowing gas to be injected though the valve and into the tubing. The valves design incorporates a large area crossover seat, which allows the bellows to sense production fluid pressure during operation. The RPPO-1.0BL valve consists of a tail plug, bellows assembly with valve core and bellows, upper packing housing, bellows housing, stem with tungsten carbide ball, seat housing (crossover), floating tungsten carbide seat, lower packing housing, lower packing retainer ring, latch housing, latch collet, latch ring and nose with reverse flow check dart. The valve is constructed of premium materials for corrosion resistance in wells with high concentrations of H2S and/or CO2 . Packing and elastomeric materials for the valve are available for standard and special service.

RPPO-1.0BL

Feature s :
Stainless steel or premium materials High pressure bellows protection Three ply Monel bellows Mechanical stop prevents bellows overstroke Viscous fluid shear dampening helps prevent bellows fatigue and reduces stem pounding Tungsten carbide ball and stem assembly Replaceable floating Monel seats (tungsten carbide seat available) Integral reverse flow check valve Silver brazed bellows connections Compatible with other manufacturers side pocket mandrels
Ab Effective Bellows Area (sq in) IPEF Ap/Ab 1-(Ap/Ab) 0.043 0.071 0.104 0.197

Valve Type

Valve O.D.

Port Size 1/8" 5/32" 3/16" 1/4"

Ap Area of Port 0.013 0.020 0.029 0.051

Ap/Ab R 0.042 0.066 0.094 0.165

1-(Ap/Ab) (1-R) 0.958 0.934 0.906 0.835

RPPO-1.0BL*

1"

0.31

* BL - Nitrogen Charged with Integral Bottom Latch IPEF - Injection pressure effect factor

Gas Lift Systems

19

WIRELINE RETRIEVABLE
ROV Orifice Valves
ROV-1

ROV-1.0 | ROV-1.5 | ROV 1.0BL | ROV-1.0HR | ROV-1.5HR


The ROV wireline retrievable orifice valve is a 1" or 1-1/2" O.D. valve used to control the flow of gas and/or fluid from the casing annulus into the tubing. The valve is installed in side pocket mandrels. The valve is designed with a square edged orifice which, when properly sized, allows volume control when the casing and tubing pressures are known. An integral reverse flow check prevents gas and or fluid from flowing from the tubing back into the casing annulus. The ROV valve consists of a flow barrel, seat housing and floating square edged orifice, lower packing retainer, and check nose with a reverse flow check drop. The valve is constructed of premium materials for corrosion resistance in wells with high concentrations of H2S or CO2 . Packing and elastomeric materials for the valve are available for standard service or special service to suit individual well conditions. The ROV orifice valve is available with square edged orifice sizes of 1/8" through 1/2" Lufkins HR series orifice has a maximum port size of 7/16" for the ROV-1.0HR and 3/4" for the ROV-1.5HR. In operation, gas and/or fluids that are injected into the casing annulus enter through the ports in the side pocket mandrel. This gas and/or fluid then enter through the ports in the valve that is located in the flow barrel between the two sets of packing. The gas and/or fluid then flows through the seat housing and square edged orifice, past the reverse flow check drop, through the check nose and into the tubing.

Features:
Stainless steel or premium materials Replaceable square edged orifice (Tungsten Carbide available) Flow capacity determined by orifice sizing Integral reverse flow check valve Compatible with other manufacturers side pocket mandrels

Type Valve ROV-1.0 ROV-1.0 BL* ROV-1.0HR ROV-1.5 ROV-1.5HR * BL - Integral Bottom Latch HR - High Rate

Running O.D. 1" 1" 1" 1-1/2" 1-1/2"

Port Size 1/8" - 5/16" 1/8" - 5/16" 1/8" - 3/8" 1/8" - 7/16" 1/8" - 3/4"

Type Latch BK-2 Integral BK-2 RA / RK RA / RK

Type SPM All 1 Pockets All 1 Pockets All 1 Pockets All 1-1/2 Pockets All 1-1/2 Pockets

20

Gas Lift Systems

Val ve s
Dummy Valves
RD-1.0 | RD-1.5 | RD-1.0BL | RD-1E
The Lufkin ILS RD-1.0, RD-1.5 and RD-1.0BL dummy valves are wireline retrievable non-equalizing isolation tools designed to install in a side pocket mandrel. The RD-1.0 and RD-1.0BL dummy valves are 1" O.D. tools and are designed for industry standard 1" side pockets. The RD-1.5 is a 1-1/2" O.D. tool, which is designed to be installed in industry standard 1-1/2" side pockets. The RD dummy is a multi-purpose tool used to blank off the pocket of side pocket mandrels. This allows production operations to be carried out prior to the need for gas lift valves, allow pressurizing of the tubing or casing for setting packers, testing and treatment procedures. The dummy consists of two packing sections, which are spaced to fit inside the upper and lower seal bores of industry standard pockets. The dummy valve is available in stainless steel and monel for corrosion resistance in wells with high concentrations of H2S, CO2 or corrosion resistant alloys for extreme environments. Packing materials for our dummy valves are available for standard service or special service to suit individual well conditions. The simple design of the dummy valve allows for easy replacement of the valve packing and for rapid low-cost repair of valve components. The rugged, solid construction and premium materials assure a long service life.
RD-1.0

Fe ature s :
Stainless steel or premium materials Compatible with other manufacturers side pocket mandrels Bottom latch option available (RD-1.0BL) Equalizing Dummy Latch available (RD-1E)

Type Valve RD-1.0 RD-1.0BL* RD-1.5 RD-1E * BL - Integral Bottom Latch

Running O.D. 1" 1" 1-1/2" 1"

Type Latch BK-2 Integral (Bottom) RA / RK Integral

Type SPM All 1" Pockets All 1" Pockets All 1-1/2" Pockets All 1" Pockets

Gas Lift Systems

21

WIRELINE RETRIEVABLE
Gas Lift Latches
BK-2 | BEK-2 | RK | RKP | RA
Lufkins wireline retrievable latches are designed to secure retrievable gas lift valves and any other flow control devices, such as chemical injection valves and water flood valves, into the appropriate side pocket mandrels equipped with 1" or 1-1/2" outside diameter receiver pockets. All the running post and bodies for the BK and RK model latches are drilled and pinned.

BK-2 Latch

The BK-2 latch is a spring-loaded ring type latch used to secure 1" outside diameter valves in ILS and other manufacturer mandrels.

BEK-2 Latch

The BEK-2 latch is a spring-loaded ring type latch that has a 0.360" hole through the center of the latch allowing fluids or gas to flow through. The latch is used to secure 1" outside diameter valves in ILS and other manufacturer mandrels.

22

Gas Lift Systems

L at c he s

Latch Type BK-2 BEK-2 RKP RK RA Integral

Maximum Running O.D. 1.358 1.358 1.786 1.786 1.750 1.358

Porting I.D. NA 0.375 0.453 NA NA NA

Valve Size 1" 1" 1.5" 1.5" 1.5" 1"

O.D. Running Head 0.750 0.750 0.937 0.937 1.359 0.875

O.D. Pulling Head 0.875 0.875 1.187 1.187 1.343 .875

Running Tool JK JK RK-1 RK-1 JC-3 GA-2

Pulling Tool JDC 1- 1/4" JDC 1-1/4" JDS 1-5/8" JDS 1-5/8" JDC 2" JDC 1-1/4"

RK Latch

The RK latch is a 1-1/2" version of the BK-2 latch used to secure 1-1/2" outside diameter valves in ILS and other manufacturer 1-1/2" orienting side pocket mandrels.

RKP Latch

RA Latch

The RKP latch is a 1-1/2" version of the BEK-2 latch incorporating a 0.454" hole through the center of the latch allowing fluids or gas to flow through. The latch is used to secure 1-1/2" outside diameter valves in ILS and other manufacturer mandrels.

The RA latch is a cam style latch used in 1-1/2" outside diameter non-orienting ILS or other manufacturer side pocket mandrels.

Gas Lift Systems

23

TUBI NG RETRIEVABLE PRODUCT S


Our portfolio of Tubing Retrievable gas lift products include:
Mandrels Conventional Concentric

tUbinG retrievabLe
24

Valves Check Valves

Gas Lift Systems

Mandr els
Conventional Mandrels
CM-1 | CM-2
Lufkin conventional mandrels are designed to receive 1" and 1-1/2" conventional gas lift valves. These valves are mounted externally on the mandrel body. Our conventional mandrels feature external side guards to protect the gas lift valve and check. Mandrels are available in standard sizes 2-3/8", 2-7/8" and 3-1/2" in J-55, N-80, L-80 and P110 materials. We can also accommodate 4-1/2" and 5-1/2" sizes along with 13-CR material by special order.
CM-1 CM-2

D i m e nsi o ns to Inc h es:


A - Lug to Collar B - Lug to Collar - Special Clearance C - Collar Diameter D - Collar Diameter - Special Clearance
CM-1 Valves 1" Valve Size 2.375" O.D. 2" Nominal A - 3.783 API EUE B - 3.706 C - 3.063 D - 2.910 A - 3.689 API NUE B - 3.586 C - 2.875 D - 2.670 2.875" O.D. 2.5" Nominal A - 4.335 B - 4.231 C - 3.668 D - 3.460 A - 4.251 B - 4.119 C - 3.500 D - 3.235

A B C D

CM-2 Valves 1.5" Valve Size 2.375" O.D. 2" Nominal A - 4.283 API EUE B - 4.206 C - 3.063 D - 2.910 A - 4.189 API NUE B - 4.086 C - 2.875 D - 2.670 2.875" O.D. 2.5" Nominal A - 4.835 B - 4.731 C - 3.668 D - 3.460 A - 4.751 B - 4.619 C - 3.500 D - 3.235 3.50" O.D. 3" Nominal A - 5.562 B - 5.427 C - 4.500 D - 4.230 A - 5.262 B - 5.152 C - 4.250 D - 4.030

Center Line

Gas Lift Systems

25

TUBING RETRIEVABLE
Concentric Mandrels
IM
Lufkin concentric mandrels are designed to internally install a 1" conventional valve and check. With an internally mounted gas lift valve, these do not have an internal full-bore drift. Mandrels are available in sizes 1-1/4" to 2-7/8" with L-80 Material.

Size Mandrel 1-1/4" 1-1/2" 2-3/8" 2-3/8" 2-7/8" 2-7/8" 3-1/2"

Mandrel Maximum O.D. 1.850" 2.200" 2.875" 3.062" 3.500" 3.668" 4.500"

Tubing I.D. 1.380" 1.610" 1.995" 1.995" 2.441" 2.441" 2.993"

Internal Flow Area sq in .710 1.250 2.237 2.237 3.791 3.791 6.146

Valve Size 1" 1" 1" 1" 1" 1" 1"

Thread Type 10 Round NU 10 Round NU 10 Round NU 8 Round EUE 10 Round NUE 8 Round EUE 8 Round EUE

26

Gas Lift Systems

Val ve s
Conventional Valves
CIPO-1.0 | CIPO-1.5
The CIPO is a conventional (tubing retrievable) injection pressure operated gas lift valve that comes in 1" or 1-1/2" O.D. This valve is primarily controlled by injection gas pressure. The valve is used to control gas pressure and its flow from the casing annulus into the tubing during gas lift operations. The valve is installed on a conventional mandrel. The valve is designed with a sealed chamber, including a bellows assembly that contains a nitrogen charge over damping fluid. The bellows serves as an interface between the dome pressure and injection gas pressure. The dome charge provides the closing force of the valve. When injection gas pressure exceeds the closing force, the bellows compress, lifting the valve stem off of the seat, allowing gas to be injected through the valve and into the tubing. The CIPO valve consists of a tail plug, bellows assembly with valve core and bellows, bellows housing, stem with tungsten carbide ball, seat housing, floating seat and nose with reverse flow check dart with optional choke sizes. The valve is constructed of premium materials for corrosion resistance in wells with high concentrations of H2S and/or CO2 . Elastomeric material for the valve is available for standard and special service.

Fe ature s :
Stainless steel or premium material Three-ply monel bellows Mechanical stop prevents bellows over stoke. Viscous fluid shear dampening prevents bellow fatigue and stem pounding Tungsten carbide ball and stem assembly Replaceable floating monel seat (also available in tungsten carbide material) Silver brazed bellows connections
Valve Type CIPO-.625 Valve O.D. 5/8" Ab Effective Bellows Area (sq in) .12 Port Size 1/8" 5/32" 3/16" 1/8" CIPO-1 CIPO-1RF 5/32" 1" 0.31 3/16" 1/4" 5/16" 3/16" 1/4" CIPO - 1.5 1-1/2" 0.77 5/16" 3/8" 7/16" *BL - Integral Bottom Latch. PPEF - Production Pressure Effect Factor. CIPO-1RF max port size is 3/16" Ap Area of Port .012 .015 .027 .013 .019 .028 .049 .076 .029 .051 .079 .113 .154 Ap/Ab R .100 .158 .225 .040 .061 .091 .158 .245 .038 .067 .104 .148 .201 1-(Ap/Ab) (1-R) .900 .842 .775 .960 .939 .910 .842 .755 .962 .933 .896 .852 .799 PPEF AP/AB 1-(AP/AB) .111 .187 .362 .041 .065 .099 .188 .325 .040 .072 .116 .174 .252

Gas Lift Systems

27

TUBING RETRIEVABLE
Check Valves
CVIPO-1.0 | CVIPO-1.5 | CVIPO-1.0RF
The CVIPO is a conventional (tubing retrievable) check valve that comes in 1" or 1-1/2" O.D. The check valve is installed externally on conventional mandrels and chemical injection subs. Reverse flow checks prevent gas and fluid flow from the tubing back into the casing annulus. In operation, the reverse flow check valve utilizes a dual seating system. A soft seal ring is contacted first by the check dart and as differential pressure increases a metal-to-metal contact acts as a secondary seal. The CVIPO check valve consists of a check housing, seals, check dart and spring. The check is constructed of premium material for corrosion resistance in wells with high concentrations of H2S and/or CO2 . Elastomeric materials for the valve are available for standard service and special service to suit individual well conditions.

Features:
Stainless steel or premium materials 5,000 psi test pressure Nickel alloy X-750 spring Compatible with other industry standard conventional (tubing retrievable) mandrels CVIPO check is required when utilizing flow with a screen orifice CVIPO-1.0RF is for use in concentric mandrels and reverse flow applications

28

Gas Lift Systems

SPECIAL APPLIC ATI ON PRODUCT S


Our portfolio of Special Application products include:
Wireline Retrievable Waterflood Mandrels and Regulators Wireline Retrievable Chemical Injection Mandrels and Valves Packoffs Accessories

Gas Lift Systems

SPeCiaL aPPLiCatiOnS
29

SPECIAL APPLIC ATION


Wireline Retrievable Lateral Discharge Regulators & Mandrels
RWF-1.0

RWF-1.0
The RWF-1.0 is a wireline retrievable waterflood regulator. This regulator is designed to operate in industry standard side pocket gas lift mandrels with a 1" I.D. pocket. The regulator consists of a nose, orifice cap, spring, seat, cone and flow barrel. Water enters the regulator through the nose, passes through the orifice cap and seat past the cone and exits laterally through the flow barrel. The regulator is a normally open device that requires a minimum of 200 psi differential pressure to become operational. The differential pressure is required to overcome a predetermined spring resistance that is holding the seat away from the cone. As the spring resistance is overcome the seat moves toward the cone holding the rate allowed to pass relatively constant regardless of the injection pressure. When using an orifice valve to do the same type of operation, the injection rates will vary greatly with the changing differential pressure across the orifice. The rates will remain relatively steady through a regulator.

Features :
Available in stainless steel, monel or CRA material Tungsten carbide cone Easily calibrated

Type Regulator RWF-1.0 RWF-1.5 RWF-1.5HR HR - High Rate

Running O.D. 1" 1-1/2" 1-1/2"

Minimum Injection Rate BWPD 200 200 300

Maximum Injection Rate BWPD 900 900 2700

Type Latch BK-2 RK/RA RKP

Type SPM Standard Standard Standard

WF
Water flood mandrels are available in a full range of sizes and materials to meet your requirements.

30

Gas Lift Systems

Wat er f lood Reg ulat or s


Wireline Retrievable Inline Regulator & Mandrels
RWF-1.0-IL
The RWF-1.0-IL is a wireline retrievable waterflood regulator. This regulator is designed to operate in industry standard waterflood configured side pocket mandrels with a 1" I.D. pocket. The regulator consists of a spring housing, orifice cap, spring, seat, cone and nose. The flow path of the injected fluid is through a ported latch (BEK-2) into the spring housing through the orifice cap and seat, past the cone and exits through the nose. The regulator is a normally open device that requires a minimum of 200 psi differential pressure to become operational. The differential pressure is required to overcome a predetermined spring resistance that is holding the seat away from the cone. As the spring resistance is overcome the seat moves toward the cone holding the rate allowed to pass relatively constant regardless of the injection pressure. When using an orifice valve to do the same type of operation, the injection rates will vary greatly with the changing differential pressure across the orifice. The rates will remain relatively steady through a regulator.
RWF-1.0-IL

Fe ature s :
Available in stainless steel, monel or CRA material Tungsten carbide cone Easily calibrated

Type Regulator RWF-1.0-IL

Running O.D. 1"

Minimum Injection Rate BWPD 80

Maximum Injection Rate BWPD 1,250

Type Latch BEK-2

Type SPM WF

WF
Water flood mandrels are available in a full range of sizes and materials to meet your requirements.

Gas Lift Systems

31

SPECIAL APPLIC ATION


Wireline Retrievable Chemical Injection Valves
RCI-1

RCI-1
The Lufkin RCI-1 wireline retrievable chemical valve is a 1" O.D. valve used to control the amount of chemicals or fluids injected into the tubing to control corrosion in wells, treat paraffin, salt and/or hydrate formation. The valve is designed with a nickel alloy spring, which provides the closing force of the valve. The compression spring allows for setting operating differential pressures of 500 to 4,000 psi. The spring controlled test rack opening pressure is easily adjusted from outside of the valve without the need of disassembly. The spring-loaded operation of the RCI-1 valve allows accurate functioning of the valve regardless of well temperature. The RCI-1 valve is available with stem and seat size of 1/8", 3/16" and 1/4". The RCI-1 valve consists of a seat housing, spring and spring housing, setting and locking screw, stem with tungsten carbide ball, adapter and check housing with reverse flow check dart. The valve is available in either stainless steel or nickel alloys for corrosion resistance in wells with high concentrations of H2S or CO2 . Elastomeric materials for the valve are available for standard service or special service to suit individual well conditions. In operation, the operator can control chemical/fluid flow into the tubing at valve depth. Chemical/fluid volumes, cycles and pressures can be regulated by the operator from the surface. The chemical or fluid is pumped from the surface down a capillary tube. The tube is connected to the chemical injection side pocket mandrel which communicates directly to the pocket. The valve can also be installed in industry standard gas lift side pocket mandrels and the chemical or fluid injected into the wells annular area. In this case the chemical or fluid enters the side pockets entry ports and enters the valve.

Features:
32 Stainless steel or premium materials available Install or replaced using slickline and slickline standard gas lift tools. Tungsten Carbide ball and seat for long life Elimination of crossover seat in design decreases valve plugging and increases flow efficiency Valve can easily be set in field locations Integral reverse flow check valve to prevent tubing to annulus or injection line communication Check valve has combination resilient and metal to metal seal Nickel Alloy X 750 check valve spring Nickel Alloy X 750 power spring Normally closed valve held on seat with power spring and tubing pressure Temperature rating dependent upon V-Packing and elastomeric seal selected 250F standard with Neoprene V-Packing. Compatible with other manufacturers side pocket mandrels that have industry standard 1" pockets meeting API 11V1 seal bore requirements. Gas Lift Systems

TRAININ G

At Lufkin, we provide the best technical expertise in design, installation, optimization and troubleshooting. However, our work does not stop there. Training our clients about the basic operating principles of a gas lift system is a necessary step to ensure safe and productive operations. We provide a variety of comprehensive product training options tailored to meet your needs. Our training options are comprised of: Lunch and learns One-day seminars Field training In-house and on-site training based on production, well evaluation and operation Practical field service Custom programs to meet your specific needs Additionally, we offer a more comprehensive three-day structured training program for employees and customers. This course covers the following areas: Basic gas principles Product mechanics and selection Analysis Design Troubleshooting, applications and equipment Calibration/testing Contact us at ils@lufkin.com to learn more about our training options.
Gas Lift Systems 33

SERVICE
Focu s ed on S er vic e
Lufkin employees have successfully designed and installed hundreds of gas lift systems throughout the world. Whether it is a deepwater gas lift project in the Gulf of Mexico or a project halfway around the world, our commitment to excellence and doing the job right the first time is what sets Lufkin apart from the competition and will always remain consistent.

We are:
Focused on production Our service revolves around supporting our customers in maintaining and improving production. Our philosophy of Service provides expertise before, during and after the installation to achieve maximum output. Focused on analysis and design We utilize leading industry software for analysis including WEM (well evaluation model) nodal program for well analysis and our in-house gas lift program for design and troubleshooting. Our goal is to reduce client costs through reliable, accurate modeling, which leads to better analysis and faster decisions. Focused on product We utilize the latest 3D-engineering-based technology in the design of our products. Thus, we can convey information such as materials, processes, dimensions and tolerances, according to application-specific conventions. Focused on expertise We are committed to providing the best technical expertise in design; installation, optimization, troubleshooting and training for our products. Focused on experience Lufkin maintains a high level of employees with many years of experience. This experience provides the knowledge of what is required in time, resources and quality to meet the needs of the industry. Focused on support We offer a comprehensive gas lift optimization plan that includes field service work and in-house technical support. In short, we will be there when and where you need us.

34

Gas Lift Systems

WELL OPTIMIZATION DESIGN DATA SHEET


Contact Name: ___________________________________ Date: ________________________ Company Name: __________________________________ Phone: _______________________ Field Name: ______________________________________ Location: _____________________
DOWNHOLE DATA

Casing Size O.D./I.D. ____________________________/ _____________________________ in Tubing O.D./I.D. _________________________________/ _____________________________ in Master Valve Size ______________________ in End of Tubing Depth____________________ ft Package Depth _________________________ ft Top Nipple Depth ______________________ ft Top Nipple I.D. ________________________ in Top Nipple Type ________________________ Sliding Sleeve Depth ____________________________________________________________ ft Sliding Sleeve Type and Size ____________________________________________________ in
At least 6 months of data or graphical history is preferred

PRODUCTION DATA SURFACE PRESSURE DATA RESERVOIR DATA

Current Daily Gas Rate _______________________________________________________ mcfd Gas Rate After Blow Down Or Shut In ___________________________________________ mcfd Current Daily Water Rate _____________________________________________________bwpd Current Daily Condensate Rate ________________________________________________ bopd Current Water Cut _____________________________________________________________ % Separator/Flow Line Back Pressure _______________________________________________psi Available Pressure At Surface (for injection) _________________________________________psi Maximum Injection Gas Available _______________________________________________ mcfd Tubing Head Pressure _________________________________________________________psi Flowing Casing Pressure _______________________________________________________psi 1 Hr Shut In Casing Head Pressure _______________________________________________psi 1 Hr Shut In Tubing Head Pressure _______________________________________________psi Zone _________________________________________________________________________ Top Of Perforations _____________________________________________________________ ft Bottom Of Perforations __________________________________________________________ ft Midpoint of Perforations _________________________________________________________ ft Productivity Index (PI) ____________________________________________________________ Estimated Current Reservoir Pressure _____________________________________________psi Reservoir Temperature _________________________________________________________ F Gas Gravity ________________________________________________________________ S.G. Condensate / Oil Gravity ___________________________________________________ Deg API Water Gravity ______________________________________________________________ S.G. N2 _________________________________ % CO2 ________________________________ % Please e-mail to ils@lufkin.com or fax form to 281-445-1134 H2S ________________________________ %
35

Visit www.Lufkin.com to find your nearest Lufkin support location, or email us at ils@lufkin.com.

OF10-0001 2011 Lufkin Industries, Inc. All rights reserved.

W W W. LU F KI N .C O M