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ANNEXURE-I for Doc. 13-3/14/SIE/16/0606

FAULT CURRENT CALCULATIONS FOR RELAY SETTINGS

Different cases are analyzed depending on the fault location.

The values for various impedances which will restrict the fault current are calculated first and after determining the parameters the following net work for 132kV and 66kV system is obtained.

132kV Bus at Gharafa (Fault Level 17.48kA), Z S = 0.878 + j 4.267

at Gharafa (Fault Level 17.48kA), Z S = 0.878 + j 4.267 X X Line #
at Gharafa (Fault Level 17.48kA), Z S = 0.878 + j 4.267 X X Line #
at Gharafa (Fault Level 17.48kA), Z S = 0.878 + j 4.267 X X Line #
X
X

X

(Fault Level 17.48kA), Z S = 0.878 + j 4.267 X X Line # 1 Z

Line # 1 Z L1 = 0.209+ j 0.261

Case- I

(16.292KA)

Line # 2 Z L1 = 0.209 + j 0.261

132/66 kV 160MVA Transformer Z T = 0.34 + j23.57 Case- II (0.114 kA on
132/66 kV
160MVA Transformer
Z T = 0.34 + j23.57
Case- II
(0.114 kA on 132kV side)
(0.228 kA on 66kV side)
X
X
66kV bus at Duhail (Fault level 9.38kA)
X

X

Case- III (4.69 kA on 132kV side) (9.38 kA on 66kV side)

X

66kV Outgoing feeder

132/66 kV 160MVA Transformer Z T = 0.34 + j23.57

CT Location

(Typ.)

66kV Outgoing feeder

Source fault level at 132kV bus = 3996 MVA (17.48kA) (As informed by Client)

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ANNEXURE-I for Doc. 13-3/14/SIE/16/0606

FAULT CURRENT CALCULATIONS FOR RELAY SETTINGS

Source X/R ratio

= 4.86 (informed by the client)

Source Impedance (p.u.) = Base MVA / Fault MVA

Base MVA

= 160MVA

Positive sequence impedance (Z s1 ) = System Voltage 3 x 17480

= 132000 (√3x 17480) = ( Z s1 ) 2 1 + (X s1 /
= 132000
(√3x 17480)
=
( Z s1 ) 2
1 + (X s1 / R s1 ) 2
=
(4.36) 2
1+ (4.86) 2
= 0.878 Ohms
R s1
=
4.86 x R s
= 2.466 km
160 MVA

Min. Source resistance R s1

Min. Source reactance X s1

= 4.36 Ohms

= 4.86 x 0.878 = 4.267 Ohms

132kV power cable data (According to cable data)

Positive sequence resistance (R L1 ) Positive sequence reactance (X L1 )

Line length

Positive sequence resistance (R L1 ) Positive sequence reactance (X L1 )

Transformer Data

Voltage Ratio = 132/66 kV

Rating

Z

Z

=

= 0.12 (at 96MVA) = 0.22 (at 160MVA)

pu

pu

= 0.085 Ohms/Km = 0.106 Ohms/Km

= 0.209 Ohms = 0.261 Ohms

Actual Impedance Z T = Z pu X Base kV 2 X 1000 Base kVA

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ANNEXURE-I for Doc. 13-3/14/SIE/16/0606

FAULT CURRENT CALCULATIONS FOR RELAY SETTINGS

= 0.22 X 132 2 X 1000 160 X 1000 = 23.96 Ohms X T
=
0.22 X 132 2 X 1000
160 X 1000
= 23.96 Ohms
X T = Reactance of the transformer
R T = Resistance of the transformer
X T / R T = 69.33 (According to Transformer data)
R T
=
( Z T ) 2
1 + (X T / R T ) 2
=
(23.96) 2
1+ (69.33) 2
=
0.34 Ohm
X T
= 69.33 x R T
=
69.33 x 0.34 = 23.57 Ohms
Detail calculations
Source
0.878
4.267
0.209
0.209
0.261
0.261
0.34
0.34
23.57
23.57

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ANNEXURE-I for Doc. 13-3/14/SIE/16/0606

FAULT CURRENT CALCULATIONS FOR RELAY SETTINGS

Equivalent

Source 0.878 4.267 0.889 0.209 0.261 47.401
Source
0.878
4.267
0.889
0.209
0.261
47.401

Equivalent

0.169 0.259
0.169
0.259

Source

0.878

4.267

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ANNEXURE-I for Doc. 13-3/14/SIE/16/0606

FAULT CURRENT CALCULATIONS FOR RELAY SETTINGS

Three Phase fault condition

Fault current will be limited by Source impedance (132kV Bus at Gharafa), impedance of both of 160MVA transformers and Line #2 Impedance.

Reactance X

= Source reactance X s1 + (Line reactance X L2 + 2 X Trafo. Reactance X T ) in parallel with (Line reactance X L1 )

= 4.267 + (0.261 + 2X23.57)//0.261

= 4.526 Ohms

Resistance R = Source resistance R s1 + (Line resistance R L2 + 2 X Trafo. resistance R T ) in parallel with (Line resistance R L1 )

= 0.878 + (0.209 + 2X.345)//0.209

= 1.047 Ohms

Impedance

= 1.047 + j 4.526

Impedance Z 1 = X 2 + R 2

= (4.526) 2 + (1.047) 2

= 4.645Ohms

Fault current at the end of Feeder ( If )

Fault current in Case-1

=

132000

(3x 4.645)

= 16407.4 Amp.

Say 16.407 kA

Fault current through line 1

=

I f * (47.409)

(0.334 + 47.409)

= 16.407 * (47.409)

47.743

= 16.292 kA (132kV base)

Fault current in Case-2

Fault current through line 2

= I f * (0.334)

(0.334 + 47.409)

= 16.407 * (.334)

47.743

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ANNEXURE-I for Doc. 13-3/14/SIE/16/0606

FAULT CURRENT CALCULATIONS FOR RELAY SETTINGS

= 0.114 KA (132kV base)

Case III: - Fault on the 66kV Bus of Duhail and Fault contribution from Source from Gharafa (Through fault current seen by 160 MVA transformers)

Fault current will be limited by Source impedance (132kV Bus at Gharafa), Impedance of both the Lines and impedance of both the160MVA transformers (Impedance of both the lines and transformers will act in parallel).

R L +R T

X L +X T

Source Rs Xs
Source
Rs
Xs

R L +R T

X L +X T

Three phase fault current calculation for 66kv Bus

R eactance X= Source reactance X s + Line reactance X L /2+Transformer Reactance X T /2

= 4.267+ 0.261/2+ 23.57/2

= 16.183 Ohms

R esistance R= Source resistance R s +Line resistance R L /2+Transformer Resistance R T /2

= 0.878 + 0.209/2 + 0.345/2

= 1.155 Ohms

Im pedance

Im pedance Z 1

= 1.155 + j16.183

= X

2

+ R

2

= (16.183) 2 + (1.155) 2

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ANNEXURE-I for Doc. 13-3/14/SIE/16/0606

FAULT CURRENT CALCULATIONS FOR RELAY SETTINGS

= 16.224 Ohms

F ault current at the end of Feeder

=

Fault current seen by 66kV side CTs

132000

= 4697.5Amp.

(3x 16.224) Say 4.69 kA = 13200

0 x 4.69

= 9.38 kA

66000

132kV and 66kV systems are solidly grounded system. Therefore the current magnitude obtained above for phase fault current shall be used for earth fault relay settings also. Impedance for downstream of 66kV feeder is calculated based on 66kV Base voltag e and 40MVA Base MVA and the following net work is obtained.

66kV Bus at Duhail (Fault level 9.38 kA), ZS= 0.289+ j 4.048

Bus at Duhail (Fault level 9.38 kA), ZS = 0.289+ j 4.048 Line # 1 Impedance
Bus at Duhail (Fault level 9.38 kA), ZS = 0.289+ j 4.048 Line # 1 Impedance
Bus at Duhail (Fault level 9.38 kA), ZS = 0.289+ j 4.048 Line # 1 Impedance

Line # 1 Impedance neglected due to small length

X

X

66/11 kV 40MVA Transformer Z T = 0.383 + j17.618 X X 11kV bus at
66/11 kV
40MVA Transformer
Z T = 0.383 + j17.618
X
X
11kV bus at Duhail (Fault level 17.76 kA)
X

X

Case V (2.96 kA on 66kV side) (17.76 kA on 11kV side)

X

Line # 2 Impedance neglected due to small length

Case IV (9.38 kA on 66kV side)

CT Location

(Typ.)

66/11 kV 40MVA Transformer Z T = 0.383 + j17.618

11kV Outgoing feeder

11kV Outgoing feeder

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ANNEXURE-I for Doc. 13-3/14/SIE/16/0606

FAULT CURRENT CALCULATIONS FOR RELAY SETTINGS

Source fault level at 66kV bus = 1072 MVA (9.38kA)

S ource X/R ratio

=14.01(Derived from the calculations performed above in Case-III)

B ase MVA

= 40MVA

P ositive sequence impedance (Z s ) = System Voltage √3 x 9380 = 66000
P ositive sequence impedance (Z s ) = System Voltage
√3 x 9380
= 66000
= 4.062 Ohms
(√3x 9380)
2
M in. Source resistance R s
=
( Z s1 )
1 + (X s1 / R s1 ) 2
= (4.062) 2
1+ (14.0 1) 2
R
s = 0.289 Ohms
M in. Source reactance X s
=
14.01 x R s
= 14.01 x 0.2 89 = 4.048 Ohms
T ransformer Data
Voltage Rat io = 66/11 kV
Rating
=
40 MVA
= 0.13 p.u. (at 32 MVA base)
Z pu
Impedance at 4 0 MVA base = 0.13 x 40/32 = 0.1625p.u.
2
A ctual Impedance Z T = Z pu X Base kV X 1000
Base kVA
=
0.1625 X 66
2 X 1000
40 X 1000
=
17.69 Ohms

X T = Reactance of the transformer R T = Resistance of the transformer

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ANNEXURE-I for Doc. 13-3/14/SIE/16/0606

FAULT CURRENT CALCULATIONS FOR RELAY SETTINGS

X T / R T = 46

2 R T = ( Z T ) 1 + (X T / R T
2
R T
=
( Z T )
1 + (X T / R T )
2
=
(17.69) 2
1+ (46) 2
=
0.383 Ohm
X T
=
46 x R T
=
46 x 0 .383 = 17.618 Ohms

C ase IV :- Fault on the 11kV Bus of Duhail and Fault contribution from Source (Through fault current seen by both of the 40 MVA transformers)

Fau lt current will be limited by Source impedance (66kV Bus at Duhail) and parallel impedance of both of the 40MVA transformers.

R T

X T

Source Rs Xs
Source
Rs
Xs

R T

X T

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ANNEXURE-I for Doc. 13-3/14/SIE/16/0606

FAULT CURRENT CALCULATIONS FOR RELAY SETTINGS

Three phase fault current calculation for 11kV Bus

R eactance X= Source reactance X s + Transformer Reactance X T /2

= 4.048+ 17.618/2

= 12.857 Ohms

R esistance R= Source resistance R s +Transformer Resistance R T /2

Im pedance

Im pedance Z 1

= 0.289 + 0.383/2

= 0.4805 Ohms

= 0.4805 + j12.857

= X 2 + R 2

= (12.857) 2 + (0. 4805) 2

= 12.86 Ohms

F ault current at the end of Feeder

=

66000

(3x 12.86)

= 2963.1 Amp.

Say 2.96 kA (66KV base)

F ault at 11KV bus

= 66000 x 2.96 = 17.76 kA

11000

E arth fault current magnitude for 11kV system is limited to 750A due to Earthing transformer. The same will be used for relay settings.

Various impedances for 11kV system are calculated based on 11kV Base voltage and 500 kVA Base kVA and the following network is obtained.

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ANNEXURE-I for Doc. 13-3/14/SIE/16/0606

FAULT CURRENT CALCULATIONS FOR RELAY SETTINGS

11kV Bus at Duhail (Fault level 17.76kA), Z S = 0.013+ j 0.348

Line # 1 Impedance neglected due to small length Case VI (270A on 11kV side)
Line # 1
Impedance neglected
due to small length
Case VI
(270A on 11kV side)
(7.15kA on 415V side)
11/0.433 kV
500KVA Transformer
Z T = 0.6565 + j2 3.22
CT Location
(Typ.)
X
415V bus at Duhail
X
415V Outgoing feeder
= 500kVA
=
11000
= 0.357 Ohms

(3x 17760)

Source fault level at 11kV bus = 338 MVA (17.76 kA)

Source X/R ratio

Base MVA

= 26.76(Derived from the calcula tions performed above in Case-IV)

Positive seq uence impedance (Z s ) = System Voltage 3 x 17760

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ANNEXURE-I for Doc. 13-3/14/SIE/16/0606

FAULT CURRENT CALCULATIONS FOR RELAY SETTINGS

Min. Source resistance R s = ( Z s1 ) 2 1 + (X s1
Min. Source resistance R s
=
( Z s1 ) 2
1 + (X s1 / R s1 )
2
=
(0.357) 2
1+ (26.76) 2
R s
= 0.013 Ohms
Min. Source reactance X s
= 26.76 x R s
= 26.76 x 0.013 = 0.348 Ohms
T ransformer Data
Voltage Ratio = 11/0.415 kV
Rating
= 500kVA
= 0.096 p.u.
Z pu
Actual Impedanc e Z T
= Z pu X Base k V 2 X 1000
Base kVA
=
0.096 X 11 2 X 1000
0.5 X 1000
=
23.2
3 Ohms
X T = Reactance of the transformer
R T = Resistance of the transformer
X T / R T = 35.37
R T
=
( Z T ) 2
1 + (X T / R T )
2
2
=
(23.23)
1+ (35.37) 2
= 0.6565 Ohm
X
= 35.37 x R T
T

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ANNEXURE-I for Doc. 13-3/14/SIE/16/0606

FAULT CURRENT CALCULATIONS FOR RELAY SETTINGS

= 35.37 x 0.6565 = 23.22 Ohms

C ase V: - Fault on the 415V Bus of Duhail and Fault contribution from Source (T hrough fault current seen by 500 kVA transformer)

Fault current will be limited by Source impedance (11kV B us at Duhail) and impedance of 5 00kVA transformer.

Three phase fault curre nt calculation for 415V bus

Reactance X= Source reactance X s + Transformer Rea ctance X T

= 0.348+ 23.22

= 23.568 Ohms

Resistance R= Source resistance R s + Transformer Resistance R T

= 0.013 + 0.6565

= 0.669 Ohms

Impedance

Impedance Z

1

= 0.669 + j23.5 68

= X 2 + R 2

= (23.568 ) 2 + (0.669) 2

= 23.577 Ohms

Fault current at the end of Feeder

=

11000 = 269.45 Amp, say 270 Amp

(3x 23.57)

F ault current seen by 415kV side CTs

= 11000 x 270 = 7.15kA

415