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GOVERNMENT OF KERALA

12th FIVE YEAR PLAN (2012-17) DRAFT OUTLINES OF

APPROACH PAPER

State Planning Board Thiruvananthapuaram October 2011

12th FIVE YEAR PLAN (2012-17)

DRAFT OUTLINES OF

APPROACH PAPER

State Planning Board Thiruvananthapuaram October 2011

Contents

Page No
A. Introduction B. Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . 1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . 2 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . 4 .................... ...8

C. Approach to Agriculture D. Approach to Social Service

E. Approach to Local Self Government . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 F. Approach to Industry,IT and Services . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .17 G. Approach to Infrastructure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 H. Innovation I. Governance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . 26 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27 . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .28

J. Financing of the plan

12th Five Year Plan: Approach Paper

OUTLINES OF APPROACH TO 12TH PLAN IN PERSPECTIVE

A) INTRODUCTION The text of the Outlines of the Draft Approach Paper has been prepared with inputs from various sources, including Government Departments, academics, experts and others. This text was discussed at length by the State Planning Board at its meeting held on 07.10.2011. It is now presented in draft form for consideration by all interested persons and stakeholders and for their inputs, if any. It may be noted that the present text is intended only for discussion and to elicit views and opinions from the people of Kerala and others interested in the development process. This is not the final text of the Approach to the 12th Plan, which will be evolved after receiving more inputs in writing as well as through discussions proposed to be held in late October and early November, 2011. It may be specifically noted that this text relates only to approach to the Plan. It does not comprehensively cover all items to be included in the Plan. The formulation of the 12th Plan is a separate exercise and Working Groups, consisting of officials and experts, have been constituted to work out details. The approach to the Plan will give general guidance to the Working Groups, which will then finalize detailed Plan proposals.
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12th Five Year Plan: Approach Paper

At this stage, the State Planning Board would be glad to receive suggestions regarding additions/ deletion/ modifications of the points enumerated in the text and fresh approaches to any issue. The window for receiving inputs will remain open for 15 days. Suggestions may be sent by email to chiefpcdapproach2011@gmail.com or by post to Shri. D. Prashanth, Chief, Plan Coordination Division, State Planning Board, Thiruvananthapuram 695 004 or to District Planning Officers, whose addresses are annexed to the text. B) OVERVIEW Development with care and compassion a) 12th Plan will be people-centric, based on the needs of the citizen and aimed at improving the status of each individual and each group of people. b) Focus will be on a bottom - up approach, starting from the people in the lowest strata to achieve the objective of inclusive growth. c) The 12th plan must build on the gains of the past, retaining such policies and programmes as are beneficial and making changes where necessary. d) Investment of Plan resources in the 12th Plan will be so targeted as to act as catalyst for attracting more resources, be it private or external, including funds from banking and financial institutions so that the sum total of investment is far greater than the amount of Government Plan investment. e) Monitoring of implementation will be a key objective, so as to make most effective use of resources within given time frames. f) The 12th Plan also aims at ushering in a strong, focused modernized and result oriented governance. g) The State will aim at an average growth rate in GSDP of 14.50%. (As projected by the 13th Finance Commission at current prices) h) Strong and modern infrastructure is a sine qua non for rapid development. The 12th Plan will strive to lay the foundation for a
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12th Five Year Plan: Approach Paper

i)

j)

k)

sound and durable infrastructure at par with international standards. Improving the quality of higher education and skill development will receive greater emphasis. Public education will be revamped to enhance the quality of education and of infrastructure. Employment generation will be a focus area and will be secured through higher and more dispersed investment, development of infrastructure, higher standards of education, particularly vocational education at school and college level and skill development. Top priority will be given to improve the status of Public Health

since the shine of the Kerala model has been diminishing of late. Waste management and provision of drinking water will receive the highest priority so that there is overall improvement in hygiene all over the state. l) Panchayat Raj institutions will be strengthened to make them capable to take the Next Step issues in decentralisation. The complexities of plan formulation, vetting and approval will be simplified m) Poverty alleviation programmes will be co-ordinated to transform Kerala into a No Poverty State n) The economic and social status of the marginalised sections like SCs, STs, Fisherfolk, Artisans and others will be improved with more focussed State spending and effective interventions At the heart of the Approach paper, for the 12th Five Year Plan of the State is a strategic intent: to lay the foundation for creating an economy which is productive, competitive, sustainable and inclusive. The benefits arising from a set of core initiatives being planned across the different sectors of the economy, if implemented with a high sense of urgency and passion, will be spread beyond the next five years. Such benefits, if nurtured well, will reinforce each other and put the States economy on a firm footing to harness the opportunities that national and international development will offer. The approach to the 12th Plan in a way should be looked at as the
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12th Five Year Plan: Approach Paper

first step towards the achievement of the vision capturing the goals indicated above for the development of the State by 2030. C) APPROACH TO AGRICULTURE AND ALLIED ACTIVITIES 1)Agriculture a) The approach to agriculture in the 12th Plan will focus on raising incomes of farmers through increasing productivity, subsidiary occupations, better marketing and through promotion of value added products. b) To raise productivity, a new approach will be followed, where specific packages of inputs will be designed for each of the 5 Agro Ecological Zones and 23 Agro Ecological Units jointly with Central and State research institutions and the Kerala Agricultural University. c) Schemes under implementation in agriculture will be merged to avoid proliferation and synergized with Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojana (RKVY) and other Central schemes to ensure maximum flow of funds from all sources. d) Subsidies will be released directly to the bank accounts of farmers and procedures simplified. e) Emphasis will be laid on greatly strengthening extension activities through ATMA and Krishi Bhavans; by promoting the concept of lead farmer and satellite farmers; and by using new tools of information technology. f) New technologies like biotechnology and precision farming will be strongly promoted and encouraged through extension. g) Agro-service centres will be set up, with the support of LSG institutions and co-operatives to provide services to farmers. Large scale mechanisation will be taken up through agro-service centres. h) Value-addition projects will be given special focus and existing Central schemes will be used to supplement State Plan resources.
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12th Five Year Plan: Approach Paper

i) Based on soil studies conducted in all parts of the State, use of micro nutrients, such as Boron and Zinc will be promoted where necessary. j) Special projects for food security targeting to increase rice production by 25 percent and vegetable production by 50 percent from the base level and homestead farming will be launched in the 12th Plan. k) To promote farmer welfare holistically, a co-ordinated effort to meet their requirements in health, education and housing will be launched through convergence of Central and State schemes. l) Risk management projects will be explored together with Government of India to address weather and price induced risk in Agriculture. m) The role of co-operatives will be expanded to support agriculture development through backward and forward integration. n) Contract farming will be encouraged in all lands including fallow land to raise incomes of farmers. o) The use of science and technology and modern methods in agriculture will be encouraged 2) Animal Husbandry and Dairy Development a) The agro ecological zone and Agro ecological unit based approach for the development of livestock sector will also be followed for augmenting income of farmers b) Projects to raise milk and egg production by 50 percent will be launched through a convergence approach with the schemes of local governments. c) Strengthening of veterinary services through introduction of a veterinary doorstep service and improving facilities of veterinary hospitals and laboratories are proposed to meet the growing requirements of veterinary support. d) The primary focus in livestock development should be on enhancing seed production, particularly in respect of pigs, goats, rabbits and ducks, where there is a marked shortage in availability and special projects will be launched to augment production.
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12th Five Year Plan: Approach Paper

e) Fodder production will be raised through large scale dairy co-operative society based fodder development projects and by encouraging intercropping. f) Cattle feed production capacity will be enhanced both by setting up new plants and raising capacity of existing plants. g) In order to strengthen the activities of the dairy co-operatives in the State it is proposed to expand the infrastructure base of the societies for milk procurement by creating better cold chain. 3) Fisheries a) Holistic fisherfolk centred development approach will be adopted in the fisheries sector. A comprehensive coastal area development project will be launched covering infrastructure, housing, sanitation, drinking water and livelihood. b) Strategies and action plans for augmenting inland fish production to 2 lakh tonnes by the end of the Plan from 1.17 lakh tones will be formulated covering improvement of production potential of reservoirs, extending fish farming to more reservoirs, expansion of fish culture in tanks and ponds and improvement of productivity. c) Seed production will be enhanced. d) Strengthening of post harvest infrastructure like better fish landing and handling facilities, cold chains, storage facilities as well as marketing facilities is a key requirement for the development of the sector and a project will be proposed for strengthening this component. e) The improvement in the production of value added products, micro enterprises, credit support and coverage under social security schemes will be expanded for the livelihood security of fisherfolk. 4) Irrigation a) A master plan will be prepared for the development of local water resources. It is proposed to increase gross area under irrigation by 30 percent from the base level by the end of the 12th Plan period.
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12th Five Year Plan: Approach Paper

b) Water management is another neglected area. The technologies for water management and enhancing water use efficiency, including micro irrigation, will be supported with appropriate institutional and support mechanisms. c) A river basin wise water resource management plan will be evolved for identified basins. d) Long pending infrastructure projects will be terminated with appropriate mechanism for optimum use of investment. 5) Environment and Natural Resource Management a) The ecosystem prevalent in the State such as coastal ecosystem, mangroves, forest ecosystem and wetland ecosystem are fragile in nature. Development activities and population pressures often upset the natural balance of these ecosystems. Development strategies will be formulated for the protection of fragile environment. b) The State is very rich in biodiversity and the regions of Western Ghats in Kerala are rich in endemic species. Biodiversity conservation strategies will be developed for the protection of Western Ghats. c) Deteriorating water quality is a serious concern in selected areas. Projects will be promoted for the improvement of water quality. d) Comprehensive waste management and pollution control programmes with appropriate institutional mechanism is proposed in 12th Plan. e) Comprehensive watershed management projects will be implemented focussing on selected blocks through a convergence approach with the support of Soil Conservation, Local Self Government Institutions, Western Ghats Development Programme, Hill Area Development Authority, Forest Department and Scientific Institutions for the conservation and management of natural resources for improved productivity. f) A Green Kerala Project will be launched by converging various schemes implemented by the Forest Department and Local Self
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12th Five Year Plan: Approach Paper

Government institutions. g) In order to protect Ramsar Sites and other wetlands, wetland conservation projects would be launched with appropriate institutional mechanisms for implementation. D ) APPROACH TO SOCIAL SERVICES The Twelfth Five Year Plan will have a multi pronged approach in the Social Services Sector. In social services the State has the legacy of a big beginning and illustrious past to work with. Nonetheless, the Twelfth Plan will have to address the issue of deterioration in the quality of services provided through the public delivery system, be it in education, health or other social services. The new Five Year Plan should also strive to address special and second generation problems of development, besides making concerted efforts to modernize the sector. a) One of the central challenges of the States 12th Plan in the Social Services Sector therefore will be to sustain and strengthen the States widely acclaimed past achievements in education, health and various other spheres of social services. b) The second major concern of the Twelfth Plan will be to address special/new problems that emerge in almost all subsectors, be it education, health or other social service services. These special or new problems are mainly second generation development problems of the State. In these cases, Twelfth Plan will have separate and specialized schemes formulated by the concerned Departments. c) The third and final objective is that of modernization of social service sector which is essential to meet the challenges of technological and systemic changes at national and global levels. d) The XIIth plan will also have a clearly spelt out detailed strategy to improve the existing public delivery mechanism by not only ensuring adequate allocation of Plan as well as Non-Plan resources, but also by improving accountability, efficiency and quality standards.
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12th Five Year Plan: Approach Paper

e) It will involve thorough revamping of all ongoing Plan schemes and public institutions. Redundant schemes will be identified and discontinued. The schemes selected for continued support will be overhauled and redesigned to incorporate required changes. f) Sustaining and strengthening past achievements in social services sector would also involve harnessing the role of the private sector, which incidentally had played a critical role in Keralas achievements in the past. I. Education a) Even though the reach of public facilities is quite remarkable, there still exist segments of population as well as geographical areas not yet adequately covered by the presence of institutions.The Twelfth Plan will attempt to identify and fill such critical coverage gaps in education facilities. b) The new Plan will take a major initiative in filling the quality gap by improving physical infrastructure, curriculum, pedagogy, faculty recruitment, faculty training, and governance structures. c) The system also needs to be made more inclusive by strengthening the noon meal scheme and initiating more such affirmative action. d) Another area of priority will be schooling and development of special children through appropriate support to the institutions working with government assistance and through positive Government initiatives e) Even though the State was in the forefront of the total literacy movement in the country, there are important unfinished tasks remaining on the literacy front. The State is estimated to have 18 lakh illiterates and 12 lakh neo-literates. The coverage needs to be improved while checking the relapse of neo-literates. f) Pockets of illiteracy in urban slums, coastal areas, and tribal settlements will receive special attention. g) There will be an attempt to broaden the definition of literacy beyond the capacity to read and write for imparting a set of carefully designed
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12th Five Year Plan: Approach Paper

skills, information and knowledge to the needy. h) The State has a system of training of teachers at all levels, which needs to be made more systematic, functional and result oriented. The training program should focus on imparting soft skills to the students through the teachers. The motive should be continuous modernization of the schooling system in the state. i) Information technology, English language and communication skills will be given enhanced thrust at the stage of school education itself. Special emphasis will be given to address the issue of digital divide. j) The State will encourage the establishment of schools of high quality in the private sector. An appropriate mechanism will be set up to ensure that such private institutions maintain standards of excellence comparable to the best in the country and abroad. k) In higher education selected arts and science colleges will be given autonomy in a phased manner to encourage curriculum development, innovation in teaching and training techniques, and above all research. l) Autonomous colleges will be encouraged to mobilize resources by way of consultancies and research projects. Selected colleges will be encouraged to start innovative courses and honours degree programs. m) Higher education institutions will be given support for modernizing and library and information facilities harnessing the potential of modern technology n) New academic institutions for higher and vocational education will be encouraged in the private sector, provided they fulfill the criterion of excellence o) Absence of a proper regulatory mechanism is ailing the educational sector especially professional education. The regulatory system in the State will be strengthened by legislation as well as starting of new institutions. A State level accreditation agency will be launched. p) Deemed University status will be given to select institutions which achieve excellence in their respective fields. A rigorous scrutiny
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12th Five Year Plan: Approach Paper

mechanism will be established for the purpose q) In the area of modernization the State should aim to build its capability to be a part of the emerging global knowledge society and make Kerala a knowledge hub. Special care should be given to nurture and develop all centers of research and knowledge generation. The premier research centers established during 1970s needs to be strengthened with the help of a futuristic plan. 2. Public Health a) The Twelfth Plan will aim at improving the coverage of public health institutions to reach hitherto uncovered regions and segments of populations. Major specialties will be provided in one hospital in a block panchayath area. Through convergence of resources, overall infrastructure of grass root level health services will be upgraded so that people will have confidence in the public heath distribution system. The Departments in the sector will introduce comprehensive programmes, by way of overhauling and integration of existing schemes, to improve quality of services with properly defined components for development of infrastructure, manpower and other aspects. The idea of hospital autonomy will be introduced in selected hospitals. Second generation and special problems in the health sector will be addressed by specially and separately designed new programmes. Health status of a population cannot be planned independently of hygiene, waste management and supply of safe drinking water. Such issues related to comprehensive health planning will be underlined in dealing with identified vulnerable sections and problem areas in the State such as coastal areas and Kuttanad. In order to improve transparency and quality, generic medical prescriptions will be made mandatory in government run institutions. The State will also launch a project for retail sale of generic medicines satisfying quality standards and for educating medical personnel in this area
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b)

c) d) e)

f)

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12th Five Year Plan: Approach Paper

g) In the interests of modernization and reach, telemedicine and other innovative practices will be encouraged. h) The health sector is also badly affected for want of a well designed regulatory mechanism be it in the area of clinical services, laboratory and testing facilities or drugs. The Twelfth Plan will put in place a comprehensive regulatory and governance mechanism to ensure quality standards. i) The health sector also requires concerted efforts at modernization. For instance Keralas health sector is poorly supported by research and development efforts focused on State specific health needs. The Health University and other related institutions should help to move on to a knowledge/technology generation stage of development. j) Modernization of the sector also requires institutional innovation such as the one in Health Insurance. The Health Insurance Programme will be universalized and strengthened by enhancing insurance protection and coverage with the Rashtriya Swasthya Bima Yojana as base. k) Special emphasis will be given to address increased incidence of mental illness and depression and related ailments. 3. Social Welfare The Social Welfare sector in the state is characterized by a group of heterogeneous institutions catering to a wide variety of social welfare issues. The central problem of the sector is lack of common approach and governance structure pertaining to these institutions. The problem of lack of integration is complicated by devolution of the institutions to the Local Self Governments. a) A thorough restructuring of the Social Welfare Department to improve the quality of services offered by this sector will be initiated. b) Coverage and shortage of welfare institutions will be addressed c) Gender issues will be given special focus. The protection of women, legal aid and counselling, effective implementation of legislation for
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12th Five Year Plan: Approach Paper

them and, shelter and security for victims of atrocities, protection and welfare will be prime areas of concern addressed in the 12th plan d) Government will set up a new Department of Women and Child Development to focus attention on areas like women empowerment and gender sensitivity. e) The concept of woman farmer will be encouraged as a pioneering intervention for sustainable livelihoods as well as food security. 4. Persons With Disabilities As a society we have not done enough for this vulnerable group. In fact, if we compare ourselves with societies having a PQLI comparable with Kerala, we have to do much more The strategy and effective policy instruments to address the problems of this vulnerable group should cover. Prevention Early identification Early intervention Rehabilitation Education and Training for fruitful employment Creation of employment opportunities 5. Housing a) During the Twelfth Plan, a comprehensive habitat and housing policy will be implemented in the state. b) The Plan will aim at construction of 12 lakh housing units during the five year period, of which 60 per cent will be for economically weaker sections. This project will be funded by converging resources under Indira Awas Yojana, Rajiv Awas Yojana, funding from HUDCO and other financing institutions and innovative funding methods to be developed by the State Government c) A housing regulatory authority will be set up to regulate building activity and to settle disputes. d) The effectiveness and reach of Kerala State Housing Board will be
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12th Five Year Plan: Approach Paper

improved with the help and support of HUDCO and identified management and consultancy organisations. 6. Public Distribution System In the 12th Plan, reforms to plug the leakages in the PDS such as end to end automation of the entire PDS chain, introduction of GPS tracking, activating vigilance committees, will be undertaken across the State. 7. Nutrition Security a) An independent nutrition surveillance system will be set up so that we are able to monitor the progress made on malnutrition at least once in two years, at the District level b) For effective implementation of ICDS and related interventions, steps will be taken to establish a high-level oversight authority, serving as a technical body that centrally monitors both health and nutrition outcomes of children under six. c) Nutrition Rehabilitation Centres (NRCs) will be set up for identification and treatment of severely malnourished children. 8. Sports Development The emphasis will be on the broad division of sports development into two specific areas Community Sports and Competitive Sports. a. Community Sports: The focus will be on the need to establish a separate Mission under the Department of Sports and Youth Affairs to ensure that people of all age-groups get directly involved in some physical activity and integrate sports as a way of life in their daily lives. b. Competitive Sports: a) The aim will be to strengthen the various activities connected with competitive sports and to adopt an effective delivery system. b) Special attention will be given to suggest suitable models to attract resources from non-governmental sources and from Central Government institutions.
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12th Five Year Plan: Approach Paper

E) APPROACH TO LOCAL SELF GOVERNMENT 1. Rural Local Bodies a) Planning process has to be simplified and we must move towards Five Year Plans both at LSG level and District level to be updated each year. b) The selection of beneficiaries will be made more transparent and systematic. c) Revitalization of Grama Sabha/Ward Sabha and streamlining the process will be given utmost priority d) Technical Advisory Groups which are seen to be points of delay in clearances will be dispensed with and normal procedures laid down in the rules will be followed and approval of competent authority obtained as per rules without going through the TAG process. 2. Urban Local Bodies a) Service level benchmark as has been stipulated by Ministry of Urban Development in key sectors, such as solid waste management, water supply, sewerage, roads etc will be achieved during the 12th Five Year Plan. The gap between the Ministrys benchmarks and the present position in the case of water supply and roads is not much in Kerala. But in the case of solid waste management and sewerage, the gap is very wide and efforts have to be made to bridge this gap. b) Reforms in the following cases will be carried out in the course of 12th plan period: a. Passing of modern Tenancy Act / Rent control Act. b. Reservation of urban land for poor people as far as possible. c. Conferring property rights to urban /slum dwellers. d. Rationalization of stamp duty rate. c) Although Kerala successfully implemented schemes in urban local bodies and panchayats, infrastructure like transport terminals through PPP model have not gained much ground during the Plan period. PPP
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12th Five Year Plan: Approach Paper

model will be brought into the service delivery sector also especially in the areas of solid waste management. d) Master plans for development of urban conglomeration will be effectively implemented jointly with Local Self Government Institutions. Additional legislation and administrative measures will be put in place, where necessary 3. Local Body Reforms a) Some financial flexibility will be given to local bodies through untied grants from the State Government. The Centre will also be requested to create such flexi-funds for implementation of their programmes through local bodies. b) Local bodies will be empowered and encouraged to enter into PPP arrangements at their level for promoting investment in the areas under their jurisdiction c) Local bodies will also be empowered to commercially utilize lands under their control to garner more resources for development d) A systematic effort will be made to help and encourage local bodies to collect more revenue from different sources in their respective areas. e) A one off grant will be made to enable urban local bodies to meet their immediate commitments so that they can use revenue streams for future development f) Local bodies will be required to undertake reform measures in administration to achieve more efficient use of resources. 4. Poverty Alleviation a) As poverty is a major issue in the rural areas more importance will be given to poverty alleviation programmes, Different poverty related schemes will be converged in order to make a tangible impact.
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12th Five Year Plan: Approach Paper

b) Government of India will be requested to extend MNREGS to more areas. Efforts will be made to include more activities under the scheme, entailing more outlay c) Activities of Kudumbasree and other Self Help Groups will be extended/ strengthened. d) Asraya project implemented by Kudumbasree will be further strengthened extended to all the Panchayats. Project like Buds would be extended and schemes which are helpful to support old people would be expanded with the help of Government of India and State Government. 5. Weaker Sections The following are proposed to be achieved during the 12th Plan period: a) House and land for all deserving SC /ST families. b) Special attention will be given to enhancing employability of matriculates by imparting special skills, including soft skills. c) Every family should have at least one member employed in organized sector or self-employed. d) Micro enterprises at the family level will be encouraged. 6. Co-operation This state will continue to encourage and support the creation and effective functioning of healthy co-operatives in all areas. F) APPROACH TO INDUSTRY, IT AND SERVICES 1) MSME Sector 1. Incubators - As part of development and support to the MSME Sector a network of multi industry incubators in reputed engineering and management institutions and major parks under the IT department and KINFRA will be set up 2. The Cluster Development program will have to be strengthened and new clusters set up
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12th Five Year Plan: Approach Paper

3. 10 new entrepreneurial units will be sought to be set up in each Panchayat every year, working jointly with Local Self Government Institutions. They will be provided with mentor support in the initial years 4. MSMEs need to be looked at as one of the major areas that will help solve our unemployment problems. 2) Food Processing 1. The potential of the food processing sector, both for domestic and export markets, needs to be exploited, setting up clusters of food processing units. The promotion of the existing food parks will get priority. This should lead to tripling of production in the Plan period 2. PPP projects will be encouraged for setting up cold chains, including ware housing facilities at ports and airports 3) Industrial Infrastructure 1. The various parks set up by Kinfra, KSIDC and the Industries Department will be restructured so that their assets can be leveraged using public funding for setting up new parks and strengthening existing parks. 2. New Parks will also be set up under PPP 3. Government will endeavour to identify other land available with public sector units and with government department so that a land bank is available for setting up new industrial infrastructure in the PPP mode. 4) Traditional Industries Traditional Industries such as Coir, Handloom, Handicrafts, Khadi and Cashew play a substantial role in generating employment in rural areas with minimum investment. With a view to ensure sustainability and to revamp the traditional sectors, thrust will be given for enhancing export earnings, technology upgradation, product diversification / value addition, market promotion and skill development . 5) Pollution free Industries In order to preserve the ecology of the state, high priority will be given to the establishment of the requisite industrial infrastructure for the purpose. The State will not encourage the setting up of polluting industries.
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12th Five Year Plan: Approach Paper

6) Mineral Development Technology and capital support will be provided for effective value addition of rare mineral resources like ilmenite, thorium and monazite. 7) Entrepreneurs 1. Entrepreneurs are the well-spring of societal growth. Entrepreneurs create new enterprises, productive employment and , therefore ensure material well being of society 2. The most important initiative for accelerating the pace of economic expansion in the State is creating such an enabling entrepreneurial ecosystem. Components of a pro-enterprise socio economic cultural environment include: Simplified procedure for start up or expansion or closure Low administrative burdens and compliance cost Availability of quality human resources Helpful labour climate Availability of different kinds of funding instruments A network of industry incubators in different industries with strong scientific support to enable young entrepreneurs to develop concepts into commercially viable projects 2. Close liaison will be established with successful entrepreneurs in Kerala to help them grow and diversify. 8) Labour 1. The system of resolving labour disputes, which is widely noted to have been working well, leaves scope for further improvement in the 12th Plan. 2. The focus of the Plan will be on overcoming negative publicity by way of special efforts to disseminate the fact of peaceful management labour relations in the State. Innovative programmes will be evolved for resolving disputes that give rise to such adverse publicity 3. The gender gap in industrial training will be bridged by starting Women ITIs in four uncovered districts
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12th Five Year Plan: Approach Paper

4. Thorough overhauling and integration of all self employment and entrepreneurship development programmes will be an area of focus 5. Restructuring and integration of labour welfare fund boards after proper consultation with stake holders will be an objective of the Plan. Appropriate programmes to address problems related to the in-migrants from other States will be ensured 6. In view of increasing safety risks and occupational hazards, safety education and practices will be given special emphasis in the Plan. One occupational health centre will be established in the State. 9) Skill Development 1. 12th Five Year Plan is being designed with key focus on policy interventions which would aid in building sustainable enterprises, leading to job creation and improving the livelihood of the masses. 2. The key focus would be to produce maximum number of trained people who will be able to fullfill the global demand for skilled labour. 3. It is proposed to initiate a registration portal for skilled labour with the help of Akshaya and IT department so that people can effectively utilize the services of various types of skilled labourers. 4. A mission mode approach would be followed for addressing the unemployment problem for educated unemployed through skill development and other means. This will be implemented with joint participation of public and private sectors and Panchayats 5. Training programmes will be conducted with help of National Skill Development Corporation and Entrepreneurial Development Institute of India to make educated youth capable of becoming entrepreneurs 6. A master plan for skill development will be prepared with particular emphasis on using the advantage Kerala has of broad band connectivity to every village 10) Information technology IT in the 12th Plan would have a three pronged thrust
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12th Five Year Plan: Approach Paper

1. Increasing the service delivery capability of Government with the use of IT: a) E Governance initiatives across all sections of Government and Local Self Government b) Better utilization of Akshaya Kendras as service delivery points 2. The existing assets of IT parks will be leverged to mobilize public funding for more parks and expansion of existing parks, including setting up parks in new areas away from the major IT centers of the State and to facilitate the growth of the IT Industry by at least 10 times during the Plan period 3. IT will be used as a tool for promoting tourism and industry showcasing Kerala as a place to live in and work from. 11) Science and Technology a) High quality research and development will be encouraged to take Kerala to a higher level in original research and cutting edge technologies b) Technology development in India and abroad will be effectively showcased to facilitate development of science and technology based industries c) Schemes will be introduced to reward and honour scientists who make significant contributions in developing new concepts, theories, products and technologies. Such awards will be subject to rigorous peer evaluation and scrutiny by leading scientists. d) The marine brackish water and fresh water resources of the State need to be researched and developed systematically as they hold the potential for commercial utilisation on a very large scale. In the 12th Plan, special attention will be given to marine biotechnology 12) Tourism Kerala tourism is a major development segment and a well known global brand. To sustain tourism in the highly competitive market, we need to ensure quality experience to the visitors while benefiting society and
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12th Five Year Plan: Approach Paper

industry. Promotion of private entrepreneurs, development of quality man power etc are needed to support the industry. The Tourism sector visualizes a growth rate of 12%. To achieve this objective, the thrust areas identified during Twelfth Plan are, 1. To ensure quality visitor experience:- The thrust areas include infrastructure plans for all major existing tourist centres, infrastructure and development of tourist facilities in less known areas, private participation in infrastructure projects and scientific waste management in major destinations through local bodies 2. To promote Kerala as a visible global brand :- Participation in international and domestic fairs, conducting international and domestic road shows and fairs and using print and electronic media for promotion are envisaged at under the scheme. 3. To create enabling environment for Private investment:- The procedure for approvals and clearances will be simplified and necessary support given for growth of private investors. 4. To ensure community participation and benefits:- Multi stake holder mechanisms involving public, private, and local community in tourism planning and development, roll out of responsible tourism initiatives to other destinations, and ensuring strong backward linkages for tourism to rely on local produce and local skills are other initiatives planned. 5. Quality of human resource in tourism service delivery will be improved by providing qualified manpower. 6. Providing and augmenting infrastructure facilities in the existing tourist hubs like Kovalam, Kumarakom, Munnar, Wayanad, Bekel etc. This will include establishment of seaplane services for which the necessary infrastructure will be provided under the Plan, while the service itself will be left to public or private sector agencies. 7. Forest tourism will be developed and encouraged with the help of the Department of Forest and Wildlife.
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8. One museum will be developed in each district to showcase Keralas unique art, culture and history and to attract tourists from all over. The help of the Government of India and, where possible, of the private sector will be taken. 9. The tourism potential of hill and plantation areas will be fully exploited to develop more options for tourists. 10. More budget packages will be developed to attract domestic tourists. 11. New destination with special emphasis on Malabar region will be identified and promoted 13. Non-Resident Keralites 1. The Department of NORKA will liaise with Ministry of External Affairs, Ministry of Overseas Indian Affairs and with Missions abroad to maintain regular contact with Non-Resident Keralites. 2. The problems of in-migrants from amongst Non-Resident Keralites will be addressed through convergence of existing schemes and, where necessary, by evolving new schemes. 3. The Department of NORKA and KSIDC will develop new investment opportunities for Non- Resident Keralites and support them in the task of establishing new enterprises in Kerala. 4. Major expansions in allocation, improvement of existing schemes and introduction of new ones are urgently required for addressing problems of NRKs especially in view of the possible global economic slow-down and consequent crisis in destination countries G) APPROACH TO INFRASTRUCTURE. 1. Roads, Bridges and Transport a) There is a need to undertake planned development of State highways, important major District roads and city roads in the State. Such planned developments will include geometrical improvement, junction widening, re-laying the roads after proper design and giving maintenance contracts. The Twelfth Plan envisages 25000 KM road development and maintenance; Creation of corpus fund for the development of
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1000 KM of State high ways and external assistance will be used for planned development of major roads during the Plan. b) The State needs to provide a dedicated source of funding for road development such as fuel cess or reasonable revenue from Motor Vehicle Tax to form a corpus fund. c) A system of annual revision of Schedule of Rates will be undertaken by an Empowered Committee chaired by Chief Secretary. d) City Road Improvement Project will cover more cities beyond Thiruvananthapuram, Kochi and Kozhikode. e) Quality Control will be given higher priority. PWD will develop Quality Control Cells for super check through sampling and use of standardized labs to check quality of all large works and a certain percentage of smaller works. f) For major road widening projects, green field roads and by passes, the State will develop a policy for commercial utilization of land as well as providing developed land to the owners whose land is being acquired. Government will develop policy and rules on this issue to facilitate development of bypasses, major widening of roads and green field roads. g) A task force will be set up with the objectives of identifying methods for ensuring long term durability of roads in Kerala and for improving road safety. The committee will also look into the possibility of using rubber and waste plastic to strengthen road surfaces and make them more durable. 2. Port and Inland Waterways a) State Maritime Board will be set up through an enactment. b) Minor Ports under Port Department including Azheekal, Beypore, Ponnani, Kollam-Thankasseri, Vizhinjam and Kodungallur will be developed with new port facilities, support infrastructure, upgradation of existing facilities along with installation of modern and efficient handling equipments. The PPP mode will be utilized for the purpose.
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c) Vizhinjam International Transshipment Container Terminal will be developed with all infrastructural facilities. 3. Inland Waterways Adequate infrastructure support will be provided for the development of coastal waterways and inland waterways for Cargo and Passenger transportation. There will be a time bound plan of action for the development of all possible waterways with the support of Inland Waterways Authority of India. PPP ventures will also be supported. The focus areas will be land acquisition, net removal, dredging, side protection of canals etc. 4 .KSRTC And Motor Vehicles Department For reducing congestion in roads parking facilities will be provided wherever land is available. Automated enforcement system will be introduced for avoiding accidents. A restructuring plan for KSRTC will be developed. A national management and consultancy institution will be engaged for this task 5. Power Sector 1. Capacity Augmentation Keralas installed capacity is presently around 2680 MW but the maximum power availability is only 2090 MW. During the 12th Plan, the target will to double the installed capacity through installation of new gas based and super critical plants. The IPP concept will be encouraged to provide more resources for development of capacity, hydel power other than SHPs (300 MW) and Renewable Energy (RE) (700 MW) and also from energy conservation measures. A Task Force will be set up for preparing a time bound strategy paper on the manner and forms in which new generation opportunities can be seized.

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12th Five Year Plan: Approach Paper

2. Energy conservation/Savings/efficiency activities Energy saved is equivalent to energy produced concept will be aggressively pursued during the 12th Plan. 3. Reducing AT & C losses It is targeted to reduce AT & C losses to a sustainable level of 13% by the end of 12th Five Year Plan period largely through timely implementation of RGGVY and R-APDRP flagship schemes. 4. Reinventing KSEB Managerial efficiency and productivity will be sought to be enhanced with the help of management institutions. H) INNOVATION The national 12th plan approach document dedicates a section on innovation highlighting three issues: finding solutions to the needs of the people, innovations in organisational and process models that help commercialize the technologies developed in laboratories and innovating the process of innovation itself to contain cost of innovation. a) At the State level, the focus should be to get the best out of the existing institutional mechanism in the R&D area. b) Critical evaluation of the outcomes of the R&D efforts of these institutions and schemes to determine their focus will be done during the 12th Plan period. c) We may examine innovative governance solutions which can deliver greater services and benefits to people at large. d) The approach will be to Develop, innovation strategy keeping the citizen in the central place. The customer- facing frontline staff could prove to be one of the better sources of innovative ideas for making the citizens lives easer. e) Each Department will be encouraged to have a policy innovation and improvement cell
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f) Innovation content in each project will be indentified and specifically highlighted when the project is submitted for approval of competent authority. I) GOVERNANCE The Government must be effective and efficient in delivering social and public services. Efficient and accountable public administration and participatory and transparent governance processes are key priorities to correct structural inadequacies. The interests of the poor and under privileged will not be adequately protected without affirmative public policies and governance arrangements. A strategy would be introduced for improving governance in the th 12 Five Year Plan, the main elements of which are given below: a) There is a need for taking a holistic view of the several e- governance initiatives implemented in the State. A mission approach would need to be adopted, guided by a common vision, strategy and approach focusing on transforming Government services accessible to the common man through an integrated E- governance initiative b) The ongoing capacity building programmes on E-Governance would be strengthened. A partnership arrangement with premier management institutes would be worked out for capacity building for senior government functionaries on governance c) A major modernization initiative for service delivery would be launched covering modernization of District Collectorates, Village offices, Krishi Bhavans, and other key Government offices with streamlined procedures, increased delegation and extensive use of ICT to improve faster delivery of services. E administration is the right tool for introducing transparency and accountability in administration for rendering pro-poor services. d) It is proposed to introduce a Service Delivery Bill for ensuring service delivery by Government officials within given time frame e) The Result Framework Document (RFD) system has been introduced in the Government Secretariat. It will be extended in phases to District
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Administrators, Local Bodies, Public Sector Enterprises and Government Supported bodies. f) The key to good governance lies in effective monitoring and review. Government will strive to put in place a strong review and monitoring mechanism for the Plan, based on physical and financial outcomes. A systematic evaluation exercise will also be undertaken, inclusive of third party evaluation. Such monitoring, review and evaluation will also be extended to identified iconic projects. g) Whenever any project is placed for approval of competent authority, it shall include an implementation schedule, indicating the activities involved, the time frames, the cost and approximate date of completion. Any extension beyond the date of completion or any cost over-run will entail explanation of reasons for delay and fresh approval of competent authority. J) FINANCING OF THE PLAN. The original approved outlays of the last five 5-year Plans are given below: Plan Approved Outlay (Rs. Crore) th 7 Plan 2100 th 8 Plan 5460 9th Plan 16100 th 10 Plan 24000 th 11 Plan 40422 Based on assumptions of real GSDP growth; inflation; expected changes in Balance from Current Revenue; growth of States Own Tax Revenue and Non-Tax Revenue; Non-Plan Grants at the same level as provided in the 13th Finance Commission Report; growth in Non-Plan Expenditure, expected growth rate of Plan grants; and borrowings at the level prescribed in the revised roadmap for fiscal consolidation, it is projected that the State can sustain a Plan size of between Rs.100,000 crore and Rs.105,000 crore during the 12th Plan period. ***********
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APPENDIX Sri. V. Sreekumaran Nair, District Planning Officer, District Planning Office, Civil Statation, Kudapanakunnu P.O., Thiruvananthapuram. 0471-2731317 Sri. N. Natarajan District Planning Officer, District Planning Office,Civil Station, Kollam. 0474-2793455

dpotvpm@gmail.com

dpokollam@yahoo.com

Sri.P.K. Devanandan, District Planning Officer, District Planning Office,Collectorate, planningofficerpathanamthitta@yahoo.com Pathanamthitta. 0468-2222725 Sri. M.C Thankappan, District Planning Officer, District Planning Office,Civil Station, Collectorate, Alappuzha. 0477-2252064 Smt. M. Geetha Devi District Planning Officer, District Planning Office, Civil Station, Kottayam.

planningalpy@gmail.com

0481-2561638

dpokottayam@yahoo.com

Sri. K.R Mohanan District Planning Officer, District Planning Office,Civil Station , Kuyilimala,Painavu P.O., Idukki 04862-233010 Smt. R.Girija District Planning Officer, District Planning Office,Civil Station, Kakanad P.O.,Ernakulam. 0484-2422290 Sri.T.S Radhakrishnan, District Planning Officer, District Planning Office,Civil Staion, Ayyanthol,Thrissur. 0487-2360672 Sri. K. Mohammad Ali, District Planning Officer, District Planning Office,Civil Station , Uphill.P.O,Malappuram 0483-2734832
State Planning Board

dpoidk@gmail.com

rgirij@gmail.com

dpothrissur@gmail.com

dpompm@gmail.com
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12th Five Year Plan: Approach Paper

Sri.P.P. Johny, District Planning Officer, District Planning Office,Civil Station, Palakkad. 0491-2505350 Sri.M.A Ramesh Kumar, District Planning Officer, District Planning Office,Civil Station, Kozhikode. 0495-2371907 Sri. K.G Sajeev, District Planning Officer, District Planning Office,Civil Station, North Kalpetta, Wayanad. 04936-202626 Sri. Ajayakumar Menoth, District Planning Officer, District Planning Office,Civil Station, Kannur. 0497-2700765 Smt. K. Jaya, District Planning Officer, District Planning Office,Vidya Nagar.P.O., Civil Station,Kasargod. 04994-255313

dpopkd@gmail.com

dpokozhikode@gmail.com

dpowayanad@gmail.com

dpokannur@gmail.com

dpoksgd@gmail.com

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