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SIZING CALCULATION FOR SMF BATTERIES FOR 3 KVA UPS 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) Load on UPS Output Power Factor Output kW (KVAXPF)

Nominal DC Voltage Min. DC Voltage Inverter Efficiency : : : : : : IDC (Max.) = DC X Inverter Efficiency 2.1x 1000 = 84 x 0.90 IDC (MAX) K-Factor for 60 Mins 0.95 Considering the K-Factor the AH = IDC X K-factor 27.7 x 0.95 = 26.315 AH For 3 KVA UPS System with 60Min Backup, Batteries Selected as 26AH- 8 Nos = 27.7 Amp. 3 KVA 0.7 3 X 0.7 = 2.1 kW 96 VDC 84 VDC(1.75 V / Cell) 90% Inverter rated kW x 1000 -

Introduction To derive maximum performance benefit from a UPS battery it is important to pay attention to the sizing details and selection of battery type. Equally important are the installation practices employed. An attempt is made here to provide some insight into these aspects. In order to have a check on the utmost output that is expected out of an AGM battery, be it a UPS Battery or an inverter Battery, one must make a note on the 12V Monoblock battery size in accordance to their requirements. Battery Selection There are two steps to calculate the battery Ah capacities for UPS application or single load duty requirements. Load current (Idc) Ah capacity calculation

Load current (Idc)


IDC = (KVA rating x Load Power factor x 1000 ) (End cell Voltage (or )Avg. Discharge Voltage x Number of cells x Inverter efficiency) Note: Load current can also be calculated if the rating is given in watts as below: IDC = Watts/system DC voltage

Ah capacity calculation
Ah = IDC x K-factor x Design margin x T- factor x Aging factor K-factor: Depending upon the End Cell Voltage & Back-up duration, the k-factor shall be selected to arrive at the required capacity at standard rate of Discharge and these factors are manufacturer dependent. T-factor: Necessary Temperature correction factor needs to be considered for temperatures below 27C to support the duty cycle requirements even at low temperature operation. You may also refer the manufacturer published data for this purpose.

Aging factor: In line with IEEE recommended practice of sizing Lead storage batteries, it is recommended that a battery be replaced when its actual capacity drops to 80% of its rated capacity. Therefore the batterys rated capacity should be at least 1.25 times the load expected at the end of its service life. This factor of 1.25 is known as aging factor or life factor (L). Design Margin: It is prudent to provide a capacity margin to allow for unforeseen additions to the DC system and less than optimum operating conditions of the battery due to improper maintenance, recent discharge, temperature variations or combination these factors. A method of providing this design margin is to add 10% to the cell size determined by calculations. Choose the nearest highest capacity available from the range based on the calculated Ah capacity in the above steps.