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Legislative and Building Code of Australia 2011 Changes Information Seminars April 2011


9.00 am 10.30 am - Session one The National Construction Code Series Proposed Building Act and Regulations update and Premises Standards Main BCA 2011 Changes inc. Access Morning Tea 30 mins 11.00 am 12.30 pm - Session two Main BCA 2011 Changes continued BCA Energy Efficiency / 6 Star Lunch 1hr

The National Construction Code Series


Volume 1 BCA 2011 Class 2-9 buildings Blue Volume 1 BCA Appendices - White Volume 1 BCA Guide Yellow Volume 2 BCA 2011 Class 1 & 10 buildings Red Volume 3 PCA - Green

Building Act Update

Building Act Amendments

To recognise the National Construction Code Series

To align with and complement the Premises Standards

Section 3 New Definitions "National Construction Code Series means the National Construction Code Series published by the Australian Building Codes Board as amended or remade from time to time;". "Building Code of Australia means the Building Code of Australia comprising (a) Volume One of the National Construction Code Series including any variations or additions in the Appendix Victoria set out in the Appendices to that Volume; and (b) Volume Two of the National Construction Code Series including any Victoria additions set out in Appendix A of that Volume;".

Section 221B(1) has been amended to include Volume 3 of the NCC Series

"Plumbing Code of Australia means the Plumbing Code of Australia set out in Volume Three of the National Construction Code Series including any variations or additions in the Appendix Victoria set out in Appendix A of that Volume;".


History of the Access Provisions

Development of the Disability (Access to Premises Buildings) Standards 2010

Alignment of the BCA with the Access Code

Building Act Amendments

New Section 160(4) (4) An application must not be made under this section in relation to an access provision of the building regulations within the meaning of section 160B.

All applications to the BAB relating to an access provision will now be made under Section 160B

Building Act Amendments

Premises standards administrative requirements (unjustifiable hardship) New Section 160B application to the Building Appeals Board Determination on modifications and or exceptions to BCA requirements Based on unjustifiable hardship

Building Regulation Update

BUILDING REGULATIONS AMENDMENTS Building Amendment Regulations 2011 Building Amendment (Private Bushfire Shelter Construction) Regulations 2011

Both come into effect on 1 May 2011 Generally to reference BCA Volume One and BCA Volume Two of the NCC Sets the Fee for a S160B application as $516.30 Amends form 1 (application for building permit) to include details of lessee

BUILDING REGULATIONS AMENDMENTS New Regulation 116 Consistency with the concessions under sections 4.3, 4.4 and 4.5 of the Disability (Access to Premises - Buildings) Standards 2010 Applies to lessees who submit an application for approval for the building work existing passenger lifts existing accessible toilets and 'affected parts' of an existing building not subject of a building permit application to comply with the BCA.

BUILDING REGULATIONS AMENDMENTS New definitions access provision' 'affected part'

in relation to a building that is to contain new parts, means(a) the principal pedestrian entrance of the building; and (b) any part of the building that is necessary to provide a continuous accessible path of travel from the entrance to the proposed new part;

'new part
in relation to an existing building, means a part of that building that is to be altered, including an extension to the building, in respect of which an application for a building permit is made after 1 May 2011.

National Construction Code Series 2011 BCA Volume One and Volume Two

Overview - Main Changes

Private Bushfire Shelters Fire Hazard Properties Definitions Access Referenced Documents 6 Star Energy Efficiency Other Amendments

Private Bushfire Shelters

Private Bushfire Shelters

Class 10c a private bushfire shelter Private bushfire shelter means a structure associated with a Class 1a dwelling that may, as a last resort, provide shelter for occupants from immediate life threatening effects of a bushfire. In Victoria substitute Class 1 building

Private Bushfire Shelters

New Performance Requirement P2.3.5 BCA Volume Two

- Location relative to fire hazard - Occupancy of shelter - Bushfire intensity - Ready access to and egress from - Tenability within the bushfire shelter

Private Bushfire Shelters

No Deemed-to-Satisfy solutions Guidance document ABCB Private Bushfire Shelters Performance Standard Professional judgement required to develop designs

Fire Hazard Properties C1.10

Spec C1.10 and Spec C1.10a consolidated Defined term Fire hazard properties amended to include Group Number Performance Requirement CP4 application provision included applies to linings, materials and assemblies C1.10(c) Exemption attached non-building fixture or fitting (e.g. curtain, blind, whiteboard or the like)


ACCESS PARTS D3, E3.6, F2.2 AND F2.4

Summary of changes: New access requirements additional to those currently in the BCA

Improvements to access provisions already in the BCA

Improvements to Australian Standards referenced in the BCA

Inclusion of a new Part H2 to the BCA Public Transport Building

Premises standards to apply to new Class 1b Class 1b classification now includes:
4 or more single dwellings on one allotment and used for short term holiday accommodation

Class 1b does not apply to dwellings located above or below another dwelling

Class 1 one or more buildings, which in association constitute (b) Class 1b (i) a boarding house, guest house, hostel or the like (A) with a total area of all floors not exceeding 300 m2 measured over the enclosing walls of the Class 1b building; and (B) in which not more than 12 persons would ordinarily be resident; or (ii) 4 or more single dwellings located on one allotment and used for short-term holiday accommodation, which are not located above or below another dwelling or another Class of building other than a private garage. Explanatory information: Class 1b buildings used for short-term holiday accommodation include cabins in caravan parks, tourist parks, farm stay, holiday resorts and similar tourist accommodation. This accommodation itself is typically rented out on a commercial basis for short periods and generally does not require the signing of a lease agreement. Short-term accommodation can also be provided in a boarding house, guest house, hostel, bed and breakfast accommodation or the like.

Table D3.1

New areas of access

Class 2 buildings (flats, apartments, units) Required to front door of SOUs on one level To and within one of each type of common area (e.g. gym, swimming pool, lounge area) To each level (SOU door and common areas) if served by an AS 1428.1 ramp or a lift Note BCA covers all new Class 2 buildings Accessible carparking not required for Class 2

New areas of access

Class 10b swimming pools To and into a pool with a total perimeter greater than 40 m, associated with a Class 1b, and Class 2,3 and 5 - 9 buildings required to be accessible Does not apply to a swimming pool for the exclusive use of occupants of a Class 1b or an SOU in a Class 2 or 3 building Access can be provided by Ramp Zero depth entry Platform swimming pool lift Sling lift

Improved access provisions

Building entrances Through the principal pedestrian entrance and not less than 50% of all entrances (including principal entrance) If a building has a total floor area of more than 500 square metres an accessible entrance must be no more than 50 metres from one that is not accessible.

Improved access provisions

Dimensions and circulation spaces Generally a move to larger dimensions to accommodate a larger percentage of mobility aids Doorway widths increased Required clear width
BCA 2010 800mm BCA 2011 850mm

dimensions of lift cars travelling more than 12 m has increased from 1100 x 1400 mm to 1400 x 1600 mm.

Required clear width BCA 2010 800 mm

BCA 2011 850 mm

Improved access provisions

Unisex accessible sanitary compartment increased 300mm in both directions Backrests required

Improved access provisions

Passing and turning spaces Passing spaces every 20 m where direct line of sight not possible Turning spaces 2 m before end of an accessway and every 20 m on an accessway Lift types Introduces a wider range of lift options, with limitations on use Specifies features that each type of lift must have

Improved access provisions

Extent of access in buildings Class 3 accessible rooms and one of each common area Class 5, 6, 7b, 8, 9a, 9b schools - to and within all areas normally used by the occupants Class 7a carparks to and within any level containing accessible carparking spaces Class 9b assembly buildings to wheelchair seating spaces and other areas normally used by the occupants (but not all seating levels)

Improved access provisions


Numbers of accessible spaces generally unchanged

Increase for clinics and day surgery

The layout of accessible spaces has changed AS/NZS 2890.6

Accessible space


Accessible space


Shared areas


Parking aisle or roadway

Improved access provisions

Extent of access in buildings - exemptions D3.3 - Small building concession - Class 5, 6, 7b or 8 buildings - No more than 3 storeys and upper floors not more than 200 m D3.4 - Access not required where: - Access is inappropriate because of use of area; or - Area would pose a health or safety risk

Improved access provisions

Accessible features on stairs Every ramp and stairway (other than fire isolated) must comply with clause 10 and 11 of AS 1428.1

Fire isolated stairways must have luminance contrast nosing strips

Improved access provisions

Sanitary facilities Generally a unisex accessible toilet must be provided on every storey where there are toilets If more than one bank of toilets on any floor then unisex accessible toilets at 50% of banks Ambulant accessible toilet in addition to unisex accessible toilet Left and right handed facilities where more than one provided

Improved access provisions

Signage Improved signage about type of hearing augmentation system used and where receivers can be obtained (if used) Signage indicating right or left hand transfer in unisex accessible sanitary facilities Signage indicating ambulant accessible toilets



Improved access provisions

Hearing augmentation Requirements for specific types of systems included Increased area coverage for induction loop system from 15% to 80% of area System using receivers must cover 95% of the area and receivers must be provided as a ratio of the number of occupants on a sliding scale Removal of the 100 m2 room size concession

Improved access provisions

Wheelchair spaces in assembly buildings Increased number of wheelchair seating spaces Location and grouping specified to provide seating options including restrictions on how many wheelchair seating spaces can be located in front rows of cinemas

Improved access provisions

Connection of ramps Restriction on vertical rise of connected ramps not more than 3.6 m Separate landings for step ramps
1200 landing

1:14 ramp

Step ramp

1200 landing

1200 landing

1200 landing

Access - Improved Australian Standards

AS 1428.1 2009 General requirements for access New building work

AS/NZS 1428.4.1 2009 Means to assist the orientation of people with vision impairment - Tactile ground surface indicators

AS/NZS 2890.6 2009 Off-street parking for people with disabilities

Access Public transport buildings

New Part H2

Part H2 provisions transferred from Disability Standards for Accessible Public Transport

Part H2 takes precedence over other provisions of the BCA where there is a difference


BCA referenced documents

Substantial Changes & Edition Updates AS 1680 Interior lighting AS 1684 Residential timber-framed construction AS 1720 Timber structures AS 1926 Swimming pool safety Part 3 AS 2159 Piling Design and installation AS 3600 Concrete structures AS 3959 Construction in bushfire-prone areas AS 4773 Masonry in small buildings

BCA referenced documents

AS 1680 Interior Lighting 2009 edition of Part 0 Safe movement referenced

AS 1720 Timber structures 2010 edition of Part 1 Design methods referenced

BCA referenced documents

AS 1684 Timber-framed construction 2010 editions of Parts 2, 3 & 4 referenced

AS 1926 Swimming pool safety 2010 edition of Part 3 - Water recirculation systems referenced

BCA referenced documents AS 2159 Piling Design and installation 2009 edition referenced in BCA 2010 1995 edition removed in BCA 2011 12 month transition period now over

AS 3600 Concrete Structures 2009 edition referenced 2001 edition retained for 12 month transition

BCA referenced documents

AS 3959 Construction of buildings in bushfire-prone area Amendment 2 to 2009 edition Grassland vegetation type Sarking Log wall construction

BCA referenced documents

AS 4773 Masonry for small buildings New standards specifically for small buildings Class 1 and 10a Only Part 1 Design Part 2 Construction 12 month transition period

BCA referenced documents

AS 3500 - Plumbing and drainage Part 3 Stormwater drainage, Amendment 2 AHRI 460 - Remote mechanical-draft air-cooled refrigerant condensers, 2005 edition AHRI 550/590 - Water chilling packages using vapour compression cycle, 2003 edition

Other Amendments to Volume One & Volume Two

Structural Provisions
Performance Requirements amended to align with accepted structural engineering terms: appropriate degrees of reliability expected design actions designed to sustain local damage

Structural Provisions B1.4 Glazing - Nickel sulphide inclusions

12 month transition period ended Spontaneous fracture caused by nickel sulphide Ongoing problem, particularly in high rise buildings Provisions apply to: - Class 2 9 buildings - Sloped overhead glass higher than 3 m - Vertical glass higher than 5 m - Windows and Glass balustrades

Structural Provisions B1.4 Glazing - Nickel sulphide inclusions

Annealed glass; or Heat strengthened glass surface compression of 24 45 MPa; or Laminated safety glass AS/NZS 2208; or Toughened glass and heat strengthened glass surface compression of >45 MPa
EN 14179.1; or Protective balcony or awning

Measurement of stairway and ramp widths

Method of measuring a stairway or ramp width relocated from D2.9 to D1.6

D2.9 heading amended to include ramps

2 m division of handrails amended

Operation of a latch
D2.21 Concession for operation of latch removed for entry doors to SOUs in certain Class 3 buildings Affects a boarding house, guest house, hostel, lodging house or backpacker accommodation

Concrete aggregate and curing

Aggregate in concrete to be maximum nominal size of 20 mm

Concrete must be cured in accordance with good building practice

Ceiling Heights
Figure New diagram to clarify requirements for sloping ceiling heights Room Heights Part F3 Corridor ceiling heights for Class 9b buildings Serving up to 100 people - 2.4 m Serving more than 100 people - 2.7 m


Clarify requirements for sloping ceiling heights


Victorian Specific Exclusions Removed

Residential Energy Efficiency Volume One Victorian Appendix The limitations and applications in Section J BCA 2010 that referenced BCA 2009 have been removed
Class 2 and Class 4 part of a building now referenced

Residential Energy Efficiency Volume Two State Variation that referenced BCA 2009 5 star rating has been removed
Class 1 and 10a buildings now required to meet 6 star Energy Efficiency

Energy Efficiency
No major changes to Section J and Part 3.12 in 2011 from BCA 2010 Two new standards referenced Changes to improve consistency between Volume One and Volume Two Clarification of intent

Renewable Energy
Renewable energy means energy that is derived from sources that are regenerated, replenished, or for all practical purposes cannot be depleted and the energy sources include, but are not limited to, solar, wind, hydroelectric, wave action and geothermal. Clarified Performance Requirements for services



Moved to new Deemed-to-Satisfy Part J0

Objective Functional statement

Performance requirement
Deemed-To-Satisfy Provisions
Stringency: Minimum RValues Glazing allowance etc AS/NZS 4859.1 Installation Thermal breaks etc

Alternative solution
Class 2 & 4 Star rating


New Deemed-to-Satisfy Part J0

Sole-occupancy units of a Class 2 building or a Class 4 part Star rating approach:

Average 6 stars Minimum 5 stars

Other Classes & Class 2 common areas Elemental approach:

Parts J1 to J8

Ceiling fan details Specific J1 clauses Parts J3 & J5 to J8


BCA 2011 Volume 1 Part J0.3

Ceiling fans required as part of J0.2(a) must - Be permanently installed - Have a speed controller Single fan serving a whole room - 900 mm for rooms not exceeding 15m - 1200 mm for rooms not exceeding 25m

Solar Absorptance
Table J1.3a Solar absorptance value
Changed from 0.5 to 0.4
Climate zone 1, 2 & 3 4, 5 & 6 7 8

Direction of heat flow Minimum Total R-Value for a roof or ceiling with a roof upper surface solar absorptance value of not more than 0.4







Minimum Total R-Value for a roof or ceiling with a roof upper surface solar absorptance value of more than 0.4 but not more than 0.6





Minimum Total R-Value for a roof or ceiling with a roof upper surface solar absorptance value of more than 0.6





Section J Part J3 Building Sealing

Climate zone 5 added to the locations in which habitable room must have: Windows and door seals (J3.4) Self closing dampers on exhaust fans (J3.6) Self closing dampers on evaporative coolers (J3.7) External swing doors: Must have a draft protection device on the bottom edge (J3.4) Other edges may have compression type seals


Climate Zone 5 added to J3.3 and J3.6(a) Roof lights and Construction of roof, wall and floors A roof light required to be sealed, or capable of being sealed Added to clarify intent of provision


J5.2(a) SOU removed from J5.2(a)(v) Concession for process-related applications J5.2(a)(ix):
Total fan power for the building, not the system Small un-ducted air-conditioning units exempt Miscellaneous exhaust systems removed

Electric Heating
Included as an acceptable space heater Only limited circumstances for use New Table J5.4c

Section J Part J6 Artificial Lighting and Power

J6.2(a) for Class 2 SOUs and Class 4 part
Use the simple approach (lamp power density LPD); OR The more complex approach (illumination power density IPD) where the allow may be increased if controls are installed Base allowances - 5 W/m2 within the SOU and Class 4 part - 4 W/m2 on a balcony or verandah

BCA 2010 Section J Part J6 Artificial Lighting and Power

J6.2(a) for Class 2 SOUs and Class 4 part With IPD, adjustment factors are in the existing Table J6.2 The power of the proposed installation must be used rather than nominal allowances for exposed batten holders Halogen lamps must be separately switched from fluorescent lamps

J6.2(b) for Classes 3 and 5 to 9 Changes to the allowances in Table J6.2

Artificial Lighting

J6.2(a) Electronic type of transformer or ballast removed

J6.3(d) 95% of light fittings

J6.3(e) 250m area floor area of building not storey

BCA 2011 Section J Part J7 Hot Water Supply and Swimming Pools and Spa Pool Plant
Part J7.2 Hot Water Supply
No change in 2011

Note the Victorian Variation

J7.2 A hot water supply system for food preparation and sanitary purposes other than solar hot water supply system in climate zones 1.2.and 3 must be designed and installed in accordance with Section 8 3500.4 Delete J7.2 and insert Vic J7.2 as follows: Vic J7.2 * * * * * * * * * * * * This clause has deliberately left blank

BCA 2011 Volume Two - Energy Efficiency




P2.6.2 Services
A buildings domestic services, including any associated distribution system and components must to the degree necessary (a) have features that facilitate the efficient use of energy appropriate to (i) the domestic service and its usage; and (ii) the geographic location of the building; and (iii) the location of the domestic service; and (iv) the energy source; and (b) obtain heating energy from (i) a source that has a greenhouse gas intensity that does not exceed 100 g CO2-e/MJ of thermal energy load; or (ii) an on-site renewable energy source or (iii) another process as reclaimed energy.

Victorian Variation P2.6.2

In Victoria, P2.6.2 does not apply to a hot water supply system. Note: In Victoria, the design and installation of a hot water supply system and rain water tanks are regulated under the Plumbing Regulations 2008.


Verification Method V2.6.2.1 Moved to DTS 3.12 to: Give it the same status as Parts 3.12.1 to 3.12.4 Include some standard DTS clauses Verification Method V2.6.2.2 Retained with minor changes


Conditioned space 4.3 MJ/hour added to current definition to clarify that heating included gas as well as the current 1.2 kW Illumination power density means the total power (in W/m) that will be consumed by the lights in a space, including any lamps, ballasts, current regulators and control devices other than those that are plugged into socket outlets divided by the area of the space. Lamp power density means the total maximum power (in W/m) rating of the lamps in a space other than those plugged into a socket outlet divided by the area of the space. Renewable energy certificate (REC) A REC is a certificate issued under the Commonwealth Government Mandatory Renewable Energy Target Scheme

Objective Functional statement

Performance requirement
Deemed-To-Satisfy Provisions Alternative solution
V2.6.2.1 Star rating V2.6.2.2 Comparative

Stringency: Minimum R-Values Glazing allowance etc

AS/NZS 4859.1 Installation Thermal breaks etc


New Part 3.12 with 2 optional pathways
Star rating approach 6 stars [] Specific 3.12.1 clauses apply & & (d)

Elemental approach Part 3.12.1 Part 3.12.2 Part 3.12.3 Part 3.12.4 Part 3.12.5

Part 3.12.3 Part 3.12.5

Insulation - New explanatory information added: Distance from domestic services When insulation acts as a vapour barrier Loss of R-value due to compression

BCA 2011 Roofs

Increased stringency with Total R value depending on roof colour New (a)(ii) - Insulation in a pitch roof
At least 50% on the ceiling

Warning on the weight of insulation Compensation for loss of ceiling insulation (ie down lights, flues or exhaust fans)

BCA 2011 Roofs

Now only inherent total R value

BCA 2011 Roof Lights

More stringent Allowance reduced from 10% to 5%
Unless needed to comply with Part 3.8
Table roof lights

Explanatory Information includes worst case scenario performance values

Single layer clear Single layer tinted Single layer translucent (opal) Double layer clear

0.80 0.66 0.57 0.71

8.4 8.4 8.4 5.4

0.79 0.63 0.63 0.70

8.0 7.9 7.9 4.9


Translucent or transparent element description SHGC

Domed panel Total U-Values

Flat, framed panel SHGC Total U-Values

Single layer clear Single layer tinted Single layer translucent (opal) Double layer clear

0.72 0.59 0.51 0.64

4.3 4.3 4.3 3.4

0.71 0.57 0.50 0.63

4.2 4.2 4.2 3.2

BCA 2011 External Walls

More stringent Two Tables for all external walls additional for high mass walls High mass walls - A surface density of not less than 220 kg/m2

Figure now only has inherent construction values Explanatory information about reducing by R0.17 if air space is filled


BCA 2011 Floors

Provisions for all climate zones Total R-Values increased by .25 Fine tuned approach:
The requirement is not expressed as enclosed or unenclosed Enclosure details in the typical solutions

New Sub clause (iii) that is enclosed beneath, must have a barrier to convection installed below floor level between the air space under the floor and any wall cavities

Cavity Barrier

BCA 2011 Attached Class 10a Buildings

Option (c) now only for climate zone 5 (no longer climate zone 4) As well as current provisions:
Not have a garage door in the east or west orientation sector OR The class 1 buildings glazing is to be reduced by 15%

Additional Diagrams provided in BCA

BCA 2011 3.12.2 Glazing

Equations now include winter solar exposure (Ew) in table 3.12.2a (Summer exposure factors remain unchanged) The design conductance formula changed to include the winter solar exposure in formula Table structure unchanged only more stringent constants Allowances for aggregate conductance and aggregate solar heat gain:
Now only for climate zone 1 is the constant multiplied by the area of the floor In other climate zones the constants already takes account of the area of the floor Importantly revised glazing calculator

Glazing - Shading Device Additional Explanatory Information provided for Winter access refers to the availability of winter solar gains to offset conducted heat losses

BCA 2011 3.12.4 Air Movement

In climate zone 4, Three options available for air movement Ceiling fans required by table Now two sizes of fans
900mm for an area not exceeding 15m2 1200mm for an area not exceeding 25m2 Evaporative cooler Ventilation openings 10% floor area

BCA 2011 3.12.5 Services Central heating piping: Total R value amended to material R value Insulation to AS/NZS 4859.1 Heating and cooling ductwork Total R value amended to material R value insulation to abut adjacent insulation plus maintain position/thickness Revised Table - Heating or Cooling Ductwork and Fittings

BCA 2011 3.12.5 Services

New Electric resistance space heating serving more than one room to have: Separate on-off switches for each room Separate temperature control and time switches for each zone or group of rooms Power loads not greater than: 110 W/m2 for living areas 150 W/m2 for bathrooms

BCA 2011 3.12.5 Services

New Artificial lighting Lamp power density and illumination power density: 5 W/m2 in the Class 1 building 4 W/m2 for a verandah or balcony 3 W/m2 in a Class 10 building Artificial lighting around the perimeter of a building must Be controlled by a daylight sensor; or Have an average light source efficacy or not less than 40 lumens/W

BCA 2011 3.12.5 Services

Artificial Lighting Table Illumination power density adjustment factor Manual dimming system Amended from 0.95 to 0.85 Greater allowance

BCA 2011 3.12.5 Services

New Pools and Spas Swimming pools may only be heated by solar Spa pools ( 680L) heating Solar, Gas, Heat pump; or A combination of the above


A spa heated by gas or heat pump must: have a cover Have heater controlled by a push button and also a time switch A swimming pool pump to have a time switch

BCA 2011 3.12.5 Services

New Pools and Spas Heating for a Spa pools sharing a recirculation system with a swimming pool must be by Solar, Gas, Heat pump; or A combination of the above Same change made to J7.4 of Volume One BCA 2011

ABCB - Toolkits
Glazing and Lighting Calculators Handbooks Energy Efficiency Provisions for Electricians & Plumbers BCA Section J Assessment & Verification of an Alternative Solution Available to download from the ABCB website

Guidance Information Documentation



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